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.u'-i 111 III in ii nn i
IMPORTANT FROM SPAIN. NEW-YORK, SEPT. 11. By I he ship Caroline Ann, Baush, in 38 days from Belfast, we have received files of the Dublin Evening Post and of the. Belfast News Letter, to the 1st Aug. inclusive, containing London dates of the 29th July. The Dublin Eveuing Post of the 31st Julyfafter giving an extract from the Drajieau Blanc, a paper published at Paris, announcing the march of Mina at the head of 9000 "men for Upper Catalo nia, has the following spirited remark : ■ « Mina, the indefatigable, the glorious Mina_who, the reader knows, had his legs frozen oxf—at one time, and died of vomiting blood a few days after, has sud denly appeared once more in the rear of the French army, at the head of nine thousand men. We have not heard whe ther he climbed inaccessible precipices to take his present formidable position, but there he is, in Catalonia, between the French army and France I It is quite de lightful, also, to find, as we do by the Drafieau Blanc, the French leading ultra, that they are denouncing each other. Marshal Moncey is, in fact, denounced as incompetent—-almost as treacherous; and Donnaclieu, of whose exploits we used to hear so much, has gone to the waters of Bargea, to cure an old wound !” The Dublin papers also contain the Spanish official account of the battle of Molinos del Rey, fought about the begin ning of July, in the neighborhood of Bar celona. In this affair, the enemy are stat ed to have lost 800 killed, and about 2000 wounded ; that of the victors was so small that the report states it would not have been noticed, “ except to do justice to the memory of 50 brave Spaniards, who have sacrificed themselves for their coun try and liberty, and. as many others who are wounded.” The London Courier of the 28th July, ^‘.distinctly and positively” re-asserts all tHafit had previously slated respecting the French government having it in con templation to withdrrw its troops from Cadiz and to take up the line of the Ebro, and that the chief, if not the only reason, for adopting this su:p, will tye “ the diffi culties that have arisen, not of a milita ry, but of a political kind.” Still it is ad mitted to" be possible, “ that the threat ©f retiring beyond the Ebro may super sede the necessity of doing so.” The London Courier of the 29th says that the French, in the affair before Co runna, lost 800 killed and 2000 prisoners. A letter from Dayuimg corrtzrrn-s-the' gra tifying intelligence that a body of the Swiss Guards, conveying money from Madrid to Cadiz, was attacked near Templeque, and received a severe check. It does not appear that they lost the mo ney chests. An affair of still greater moment occurred at the Pont de Suaro, near Cadiz, in which the French lost 500 men, and the Spanish Royalists 2000. A letter from San Lucar, dated July 13th,says that all communication between Cadiz and its neighborhood had been cut off. Sir W. A’Courl, who was then at Seville, was believed to have received or ders to proceed to Gibraltar. An article from Lisbon, dated 15th Ju ly, says “The steam-packet Lusitania, a vine vessel, of 80 horse power, which plied between London and Oporto, struck on a rock off Evigeva on the 11th alt. 1 here were 200 passengers on board, of whom SO perished, having left the vessel too soon.” THREE DAYS LATER. NEW-YORK, SEPT. 13. By the arrival this forenoon of the regular packet ship William Thompson, we have received our regular files of the London Morning Chronicle and Courier to the evening of the 30th July inclusive ; also, the Liverpool Mercury of the 1st August. FRANCE AND SPAIN. The most important article of intelli gence brought by this arrival is a con firmation of the report conveyed through the last Paris papers, that the French had withdrawn their army from before Co runna, and retreated, although the direc tion taken by General Bourck and his discomfitted troops was not known at the time. It was thought not improbable that the enemy would retire into the As turias to reinforce themselves by the troops of General Huber, which, accord ing to the latest accounts, were advancing m that line. But in no direction whate ver could a retreat be effected without great loss, and, perhaps, total destruction ; as the Spaniards, in consequence of the happy turn which their affairs had taken at Corunna, were every where in motion, harrassing the invaders in their disgrace ful flight. The attack on that city was the result of the treason of Morillo, who had persuaded the French generals that a rapid and bold attack might put an end to the war in Gallicia. Events have shewn how much this ene my to his country was mistaken, and that, instead of the province which he aimed at subjecting to foreigners, being placed in that degraded state, his plans had ter initiated in its being again fried from the enemy. Every thing- had been suppres sed in the Paris papers respecting the disasters of the army in this (juarter, ex cept the account of the first attack, which compelled the Spaniards to refire within the walls, and in which the French had nothing to boast of. The truth; however, had, in some measure, transpired, and so generally was a defeat of their army believed in the French capital, that a fall had taken place in the funds. Advices from Corunna to the 22d July positively state, that, after the retreat of the French, Sir Robert Wilson proceed ed to Vigo, to make preparations to give the French a warm reception, as they were expected to make another attack on that side. The defenders of Corunna had determined to follow up their sue esses. A letter from Bayonne, dated the 22nd July, contains a number of details respect ing the operations of the Constitutional guerrillas, from which it appears that they were increasing in activity. Chale co, one of their intrepid leaders, had ac tually surprised Araujuez, only 25 miles from Madrid, and carried off the entire garrison; and the: Empecinado had en tered Vittoria and Valladolid, and releas ed a number of patriots who were im prisoned at these places. The late fire at Madrid is said by the royalists at Paris to have been the result of a plot of the Liberals to destroy the Duke d’Angouleme, while the Liberals accuse the Regency of having contrived the scheme for the purpose ot laying vio lent hands on all suspected persons. It is also said in the Etoile that the people of Madrid wished to massacre all that professed opinions contrary to loyalty, btit that this was prevented by the Royal Duke. THE GREEKS. According to the latest accounts receiv ed in London, the Greeks were fully jus tifying the sympathy which had been eli cited for their cause in England, by pre paring and opposing every possible re sistance to their oppressors. IMPORTANT FROM CADIZ. NEW-YORK, SEPT. 13. The following are extracts of a letter from Cadiz written by a Spanish gentle man, ior4nej;ly_a_resident here, to a re spectable, commercial house in this city. It contains not only the latest in telligence from Cadiz, but the account which it gives of Spanish affairs general ly is most exhilarating affd fully corrobo rates all that we have said of this inter esting subject. It will be seevuthat ac counts had been ***«•»-* Cadiz on the 1st August, of the advanced guard of Ballasteros and Molitar having been en gaged ; but, contrary to the report circu lated by the French at Gibraltar, victory decided in favor of the Constitutionalists. This renders it extremely probable that an engagement had actually been fought, and the want of certain information re specting it at Gibraltar can only be ac counted for, on the ground that the ene my were anxious to conceal their defeat. The letter from which the following ex tracts are taken, was brought by the Trimmer, from Gibraltar. CADIZ, aug. 1, 1823. The situation of this place is neither better nor worse than when I last wrote you. The French have been four months in the country, and I conceive their cause daily loses ground. The character of the Spaniards is not to brook subjection to a foreign power; and though they have in the first place yielded, it has been more the effect of the seductive arts of their own countrymen than by the force of the enemy’s arms. A re-action will ultimately produce the effect of their to tal destruction. In Catalonia, there is no end to the fighting-the Spaniards always successful. In this province, Ballasteros is now gain ing ground, and we look to active mea sures soon. A sally that was made here from the lines, shewed that our men know how to fight. They marched up to the enemy’s parapets without firing a shot till they reached them. All the force em ployed on our side was not more than 3000 men. The French, however, in their oudetin, stated our loss to have been from 2 to 3000, limiting theirs to five hundred. Fhe latter part I believe. On our side, we had killed about 20, and wounded about 200—no prisoners. There are ac counts to-day of the advanced guards of Ballasteros and General Mollitar hav isig met, when victory decided in favor oi the former, a he defection of Moril lo is quite an extraordinary event, as it lias produced no alteration in the army, which ail abandoned him, as did AbisbaFs ou a former occasion. Provisions are not scarce. The place is constantly supplied from Gibraltar. s A rumor prevails in Germany, that the Archduchess Maria Louisa is about to contract a second marriage. Letters from Cadiz state that theFrench General besieging that place sends in dai ly iresh provisions and delicacies, for the King and Royal Family, which the Cortes permit. LATEST FilOiVi liwRUrL. kbV-yokk, sept. 17. From our correspondents of the offices of the Patriot, Daily Advertiser, ,and Statesman, of Boston, we have received slips conveying the late .intelligence re ceived at that port by the ships Topaz and America, from Liverpool, whence they bring dates to the 12th ult. We have p-iven copious extracts from them, The general complexion is certainly more and more favorable to the Spanish cause. Evers Madrid appears to have been menaced by the Constitutionalists. Old Moncey is tired of the war, and wants to go home; and a division only, and not the whole of Ballasteros’ army, appear to have suffered severely in the battle with Gen. Molitar. Corunna held out, as did all the other fortified places ; and the war appears only now to be com mencing on the part of the Spaniards, May all the wreaths of Victory, whether of laurel, of olive, of palm, or of myrtle, encircle their glorious brows. The Paris Constitutionnel contains an article dated Perpignan, July 31st, giv ing an account of an affair which occur red on the 2 5th, in which the French bad the worst of it, losing many officers and men. French accounts say that the gar rison of Barcelona is constantly making sorties, which anuoy their troops and keep them constantly on the alert. That the service is very hard and occasions much sickness. They will probably find the service much harder and the sickness more fatal before the objects of the invad ers are accomplished. It is said, that Marshal ivioncey, dis heartened at the little success which has attended all his efforts. has written home to express his anxiety to retire from the contest. The French Ministry, however, have refu-a d to accede to his request. Letters from Perpignan state, that Marsha! Moacey was about to remove his head quarters to Mataro, and the Commissariat Department, &c. to Gero n'a. Mataro is IT miles N. E. of Barcelo rin, Gerona is 47 miles N. E. of Barce lona, and 44 miles south of Perpignan, The Etoile announces, under date of the 1st of August, from Madrid, that Don Inigo Lad res., one of the deputies and most moderate of the Cortes, has been named Governor of Cadiz ; and that the Colonel of Artillery, Alpuente, has been named Minister of War. lie is also thought to be attached to the moderate party, Letters from the frontiers of Spain an nounce that, the Empecinado entered Sa lamanca on the 28th July. It appears by the London Courier of Au£>;. 10, that, from Madrid accounts to July 29, the Duke d’Angouleme had de parted for Seville. Lord Nugent was about to proceed to Cadiz to join the Spanish cause. Arrivals at Trieste from Mytelene, June 21st, informed that the troops land ed at Cavisto by the Captain Pacha, have been completely routed by the Greeks. The Greek fleet of 120 sail is in pursuit of the Turkish fleet. The London papers of August 11th contain a document, purporting to be a recent correspondence betweenSir Robert Wilson and Morillo.-—-On the 25th of last month Sir Robert addressed a letter to Morillo, announcing his arrival that day at Vigo, and soliciting a personal interview, to lay before him a proposition “ which he flatters himself will lead to a general pacification55—to which appli cation Morillo yields assent. The cor respondence continues on both sides, to the 30th, but without the desired inter view. On that day Sir Robert Wilson transmits two proposals; in the first of which is the following passage : “ England offers her mediation, but without the departure of the invaders.55 He then proceeds to suggest— “ The occupation firo forma of a Spa nish fortified place like Corunna or Vigo, by the British government, as the medi ation on behalf of Constitutional Spain.” The questions which have arisen from a perusal of this correspondence have been, whether it was genuine or spurious; if genuine, whether Sir Robert Wilson acted with authority from the British go vernment, or whether it was on his part only a ruse de guerre to gain time. For answers to these queries, we must be con tent to wait until the next arrival. It appears that Corunna remained in the quiet possession of the Constitution alists as late as the 1st ult. and was gar risoned by 4000 men. It was declared treason and punishable with death in Co runna even to talk of capitulation. One individual had suffered in consequence. NEW-YORK, SEPT. 16. We learn, by letters from Colombia, that the Congress of that Republic ad journed on the Tth of July, after having ratified the Loan contracted in England by Mr. Zea, and authorized a negotiation for a new loan of thirty millions of dol lars. The letters state that the Senate refused to confirm the nomination of Mr. Ravenga as Minister to England, and at present acting there as the agent of the ! government. FROM HAVANA AND SPAIN. BALTIMORE, SEPT. !'/• The fine schr. Dart, Capt. Breck, atriV' ed here last evening in eight days from Havana. From our correspondent there \ve have received files of the A"oticioso and Hiario to the 6th Sept, inclusive. A letter to the editors, dated on the 4th inst. mentions that the principals in toe late conspira’cy are in custody, among whom are the “ anticipatedGovernor, A rairal, IntendeDt,” Sec. The writer sup poses there have been at least one hun dred persons arrested, among them nu, ny negroes and mulattoes. There was said to be scarcely a case of fever, not withstanding there were many strangeis there, At the time the Daft sailed, affairs at Havana were perfectly tranquil. . The U, S brig Spark, and two small schooners arrived the day before. Our translator, to whom we handed the papers, informs us that those of the 6th inst. contain the notification of the decla ration of war by Spain against France ; then, for the first time only, it would seem, officially communicated by theSpa nish government to the Captain General of Cuba. . J The last papers are uncu.- «un , ficial bulletins'of the Spanish armies, re ceived by recent arrivals at Havana irom Cadiz. The last Cadiz dates are to the 22d July inclusive. A Barcelona date of July 20th states, that a severe battle had been fought in' Catalonia. TheSpaniards were command ed by Mina. In this battle, the Baron1 d’Eroles was so severely wounded in the breast and hand, that he was not able to reach Vich. Ro?ri:iigosa was also wound-, ed, and the sanguinary Tarragona was killed. The destruction was great on both sides, but we are waiting (says the writer) with great impatience for the offi cial accounts. The Spanish troops cov ered themselves with glory. The above is all the information that the lateness of the hour would permit our ! translator to furnish for this morning’s American. },• CAPTURE OF A FRENCH FRIGATE, Extract of a' letter,dated Gibraltar, Aug. 9„ “ Cadiz will doubtless hold out, and re ceives daily supplies of provisions from this place. A frigate, which pursued their boats too near the coast, became a prize to the Spaniards by being becalmed within the reach of the guns of San Pedro, u Geneva! Ballasteros has beaten the f Frenqh up the coast, and taken 2000 pri soners, and it is said a great part of theirn artillery . These e.ir«n »n stance's, with the addition of Sir Robert Wilson being at * Corunna with a considerable force, shew e that Spain is not yet to be despaired More French troops have'entered SpBfoyf and they must be fed by us.” —-»* mam — FROM HAVANA—IMPORTANT. Declaration of War. By the schr. Dart, arrived here in eight days from Havana, we have received from our attentive correspondent at that place papers to the 6th inst. one of which con tains a formal declaration of war by the authorities in Cuba against the French go vernment. Arrests continued to be made at Havana. The place, however, conti nued tranquil.—\_Balt. Chron. Blowing Up of Porto Cabello. | By the schr. Dandy, arrived at this port, in 14 days from Laguira, informa tion is received that an Express had arrived before her sailing, which stated, that the Spanish garrison of Porto Cabel lo w'ere engaged in blowing up the whole ol the fortifications, castle, out works, &c. and that Commodore Laborde was there with his frigate and corvette to take off the troops. The two French ships of' war were off Laguayra, from which it was supposed that an understanding ex isted between their Commodore and La-5 borde. A ship oi the line from Holland had arrived for the Colombian govern ment. She had valuable stores on board, and is represented as a very fine vessel. [Balt. M. Chron. Captain Boddily, of the schooner Dan dy? arrived at Baltimore oh Thursday night from La Guayra. When Capt. Bod dily sailed from La Guayra (August 27) it was reported there that the Spanish foiccs in Porto t^civello were enga.g*ed itx dismounting the cannon,_ &c. preparato ry to an evacuation of that post, which was the only one in Venezuela remaining in possession of the Royalists. This gives the finishing stroke to the annihilation of the power of Old Spain in the Repub lic ol Colombia, and leaves the latter free to arrange and perfect the wise and libe ral institutions which she has so happily begun. * 1 here is a male dwarf now exhibiting ; himself at the New England Museum (Boston,) by the name of Stevens, who is . about 20 years of age, and measures but ,' 37 inches in height. He was born in Ly-“ i man, Maine, and is an intelligent and * f agreeable little fellow.