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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
TUESDAY, DEC. 16. Mr. Cronvninahield, from the Commit tee on Naval Affairs, reported a bill for the relief of Sarah Perry, mother of the late Oliver H. Perry; which was read twice and committed. Mr. Kent) of Maryland offered the fol lowing resolution for consideration: Resolved, That a Committee be appoint ed to inquire into the expediency of mak ing such an appropriation of the public lands to the purposes of education in those states to which no grants have yet been made, as will correspond in a just proportion with the appropriations which have been heretofore made in favor of other states—and that said committee have leave to report by bill or otherwise. On motion of Mr. Hemphill, the consi deration of the bill providing for the ob taining of Surveys and Plans on the sub ject'of Roads and Canals, was made the order of the day for the 10th of January. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 17. On motion of Mr. Strong', it was Resolved, That the committee on Na val Affairs be instructed to inquire into the expediency of selling the schooners and vessels purchased under the act, en titled “ An act authorising an additional naval force for the suppression of piracy.” On motion of Mr. Storrs, it was Resolved, That the Committee of Ways and Means be instructed to inquire into the expediency of providing by law for compensation for a Private Secretary to the President of the United States. THUBSDAY, DEC. 18. Mr. Williams, of N. C. submitted the following: Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to lay before this House any information he may have received, and which he may not deem it improper to communicate, relating to the present condition and future prospects of the Greeks. This lies over one day of course. On motion of Mr. Trimble, it was Resolved, That the Committee on Mili tary Affairs be instructed to inquire into the, expediency of authorizing the Presi dent of the United States to direct sales to be made, from time to time, of such arms, ammunition, aud military stores, as are not wanted, or are unfit for public service. Mr. Crowninshield, from the- Commit tee on Naval Affairs, reported a bill fur ther extending the term of half pay pen sions to the widows and children of offi cers, seamen., and marinesrwho have died in the public service; which was twice read and committed. Mr. Crowninshield, from the same Com mittee, reported a bill making provision for the support of Penelope Denny, mo ther of James Denny, late a quarter gun ner in the Navy of the United States ; which was twice read and committed. [The bill proposes to grant her a pension of one hundred dollars for five years from the 9th of November, 1822.] FRIDAY, DEC. 19. Mr. Webster took this occasion to state to the House that he should move for the consideration, on Monday fortnight, of the resolution which he submitted some days ago, proposing to send a Mission to Greece. Mr. Beecher, of Ohio, moved that the bill for the continuation of the Cumber land Road, reported yesterday, be now taken up and considered; and the ques tion being taken, it was decided in the negative—ayes 65, noes 81. MONDAY, DEC. 22. Mr. MlDuffie, from the committee to whom was referred the consideration of the expediency of recommending to the several states, the adoption of certain amendments to the Constitution, made a report, accompanied by a joint resolution. [This resolution proposes to make the election of electors of President and Vice President uniform throughout the United States, by districts. Should there be no election on the first balloting, there is to be a second; and,if none at the second, the members of the Senate and House of Representatives shall, by voting indi vidually, and not by states, proceed to the election of a President, a majority of the whole being necessary. The same proceeding is to be had in regard to the Vice President, except that, if the elec tion should devolve on Congress, and a Preside»t be chosen on the first ballot, and no Vice President elected, then the Senate shall choose the Vice President.] The resolution was twice read, and re ferred to a committee of the whole on the state of the Union. Mr. MiDuffie also reported a resolu tion to make the election of Representa tives to Congress uniform throughout the states, by districts ; which was also com mitted to the same committee. Mr. Breck offered the following resolu tion, which lies one day, of course : Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to furnish this house with the amount of exports from the U. States to Greece, Asia Minor, and Egypt, during the years 1820, 1821, and 1822 : also, the amount of imports therefrom for the same period : distinguishing, in separate columns, the countries now un der the control of the Turkish govern ment from those possessed by the Greeks in arms : also, the amount of duties paid on said imports into the Treasury of the United States. TUESDAY, DEC. 23. Mr. Mallary submitted the following resolution, which lies one day according to a rule of the House : Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to lay before this House such information as he may possess (and which may be disclosed without injury to the public good) rela tive to the determination of any sovereign or com bination of sovereigns to assist Spain in the subju gation of her late colonies on the American conti nent, and whether any government of Europe is disposed or determined to oppose any aid or assis tance which such sovereign or combination of so vereigns may afford to Spain for the subjugation of her late Colonies above mentioned. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 24. The resolution yesterday offered by Mr. Mallary, calling- on the President for any information he may possess, (and which may be disclosed without injury to the public good,) relative to the determina tion of any Sovereign or Sovereigns to aid Spain in regaining her American Co lonies; ?,imposition of any ^ther European government to oppose it, was taken up. In support of his resolution, Mr. Mal lary rose, and observed, that it would be recollected, by every gentleman present, that the Message received at the opening of the present session from the President of the United States, was of an extraor dinary and strongly marked character.— Its introduction prepared the House for subjects of great importance; nay, the President went so far as to say that “ there never was a period, since the Re | volution, when, regarding the condition of the civilized world and its bearing on us, there was greater necessity' for devo tion in the public servants, to their respec tive dutives, or for virtue, patriotism, and union, in our constituents.” When we come to examine the body of the Mes sage, said he, we discover nothing to which this language can apply, except the situation of the great European Pow ers, and the bearing which that situation may have upon this country. Those powers had united their efforts against the cause of freedom on the Continent of Europe, and successfully put down every struggle to maintain it. It was possible they might extend their plans across the Atlantic, and that their attention would next be directed to the Republics of South America. Such appeared to be the impression of the President; and if such were actually the state of things, the United States must probably become deeply involved in the event of such a contest. It was impossible we could be indifferent to the attempts of despotic power to crush the cause of freedom in our own hemisphere. That some plans of this sort were in agitation, was plain, from the tenor of the Message. The President would not have warned the two Houses ot Congress that all their firmness would be called for, if there was not something of serious moment in the political horizon, not seen by all. And as, in this public document, the Chief Magistrate had thought proper to go so far, it was certainly proper in the House to meet his communication by requesting such information, on the subject to which he had alluded, as he might deem it con sistent with the public welfare to disclose. It was proper and desirable that we should know as much as possible of the dangers to which we are exposed. The question was then taken on the resolution, and it was agreed to without opposition. FRIDAY, DEC. 26. The engrossed bill extending the half pay pension of officers, widows, See. was read a third time, passed, and sent to the Senate for concurrence. The engrossed bill for the relief of Ja cob Schaffer, was then read a third time; and the question being on the passage of the bill— Mr. Taylor moved th at it be recommit ted to the Committee on Private Land Claims, with instructions “ to inquire in to the expediency of so amending the same, as to provide for the allowance of bounty land to the non-commissioned of ficers and privates of the United States’ Army, and to their representatives, who enlisted for five years or during the war, and were honorably discharged previous to the expiration of the respective terms of their enlistment.” The case of this claimant may be stat ed as follows : He enlisted as a private in the Army of the United States for fi>e, years; but, after serving some eighteen months, he was discharged, the war be ing over, and he being anxious to rejoin his family, on condition of relinquishing his claim to bounty land. He now asks for the passage of a law to give him his bounty land. [There was an additional ground for his claim for 160 acres of land, viz. that he had purchased the as signment of the claim of another soldier to his bounty land, but not with sufficient formality to give him a legal title to it ; but this ground wa9 little relied upon, the debate turning upon the principle mvelv- ! ed in the other claim.] Ou the principle of this bill a debate arose, in which considerable eloquence and ingenuity were displayed, which oc cupied the whole day; in the course of which, the claim was opposed by Messrs. Taylor, Whittlesey, Sterling, Wright, Livermore, Kremer, Rankin, and Cook; and advocated by Messrs. W. Smith, and A.Smyth, (of Virg.) Campbell, (of Ohio,) Mallary, Houston, Webster, and Storrs. The motion of Mr. Taylor was nega tived by a large majority. After further debate, the question was at length taken on the passage of the bill, the Yeas and Nays having been, re quired by Mr. Taylor, of New York, and decided as follows : Yeas—79 ; Nays—-85. So the bill was rejected. And then The House adjourned. VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE. Dec. 19.—Mr. Thomas, of Mason, sub mitted the following preamble and reso lution : Whereas experience, the best of all human teach ers, has satisfactorily proven, that the present peni tentiary system of punishment has not answered, nor is there a reasonable prospect that it ever will answer* any of the benevolent purposes supposed by its founders $ nor is its discipline a sufficient pun ishment to deter even its own victims from the per petration of even more horrid crimes, soon, very soon, after their liberation from the confines of the Penitentiary ; and, so far from deterring' those who never have experienced a probationary discipline within its walls, it rather holds out inducements to the poor vagrant to try his skill at converting' his neighbour’s property to his own use, certain to pro fit by the adventure, if he escapes detection, and conscious, if detected, of finding within the Peni tentiary that subsistence which he is too indolent to labor for, without extraneous excitement: Thus, instead of holding,, as it were, the rod of correction over the vicious part of the community, our pre sent system of punishment offers a premium to the perpetrators of crime: And,, instead of punishment falling upon the wicked, we find, by well tested experience, that it is the moral and useful classes of our citizens who are daily suffering, by continual depredations of those well-taught fellows who do not fear the consequences of a second incarceration in the public jail; and, indeed, in many instances, they have all to gain, and nothing to lose, by being sent back to the society of their former fidnd-like companions. And, believing that a more propiti ous time to make a change in our criminal code may not occur again: Be it therefore Resolved, That the Committee appointed to ex amine into the state of the Penitentiary institution, | be instructed to inquire into the expediency of abolishing the penitentiary system of punishment, at this time; and that they report their opinion thereon by bill or otherwise. ! On Mr. Blackburn’s motion, this pre amble and resolution were laid upon the table. A letter was received from the clerk to the Board of Public Works enclosing a Report from the Board, relating to the Slate River company. The Board recom 1 mend to the Legislature to subscribe, on certain conditions, 69 shares to the stock of the company—the residue g 13,100 out of the g20,000 being already subscribed by individuals :—Referred to the C. of R. and Internal Navigation. Mr. Carter, ot JX. Ceorge, submitted the following resolution: Resolved, That the Committee for courts of jus tice be instructed to inquire into the expediency of so amending' the laws of this commonwealth as to take from the single magistrate the power of re quiring from any individual who has committed a breach of the peace or good behaviour, security for a longer period than until the sitting of the next county or corporation court, to be held after the commission of the said olfence, with leave, &c. Mr. Yancey, from the Committee of Roads and Internal Navigation, reported a Resolution, to direct the Board of Pub lic Works to subscribe on the part of the State for 69 shares of the stock of the Slate River Company. The House adopt ed this Resolution. Mr. Morris of Hanover, from the Com mittee of Schools and Colleges, reported a bill “ concerning the University of Virginia, which was read the 1st and 2d times, and re-committed to the same com mittee. (This bill proposes to relieve the annuity from the interest on the mo ney loaned by the State in the University; with a view of enabling this Institution to go into operation as soon as possible.) On Mr. Colston’s motion, the 33d rule of the House was suspended for the pur pose of receiving petitions^—and then one was presented from sundry inhabitants of Berkeley, suggesting the propriety of enacting a law, giving the constables of this commonwealth the right of levying executions against the body of debtors, for sums under the control of justices of the peace,who have had cognizance there of. Referred to the committee for courts of justice. Dec..22—On motion of Mr. Rives of Nelson, Resolved, That the Com- of Schools and Colleges be instructed to inquire in to the most expedient mode of investing that portion of the capital and revenue of the Literary Fund now remaining unap propriated in the treasury of this com monwealth, with leave, &c. The Speaker laid before the House a letter from the Governor, covering an ex tract from the Report of the Superinten dent of the Public Edifices, in relation to the condition of the Armory and Capitol. Referred to the Armory Committee. On motion of Mr, Watkins of Powhat an, it was Resolved, That the Committee of Roads and Iuland Navigation, be instructed to inquire into the expediency of making provision oy law ior a resort to sluice vigation in James River whenever navigation is interrupted in the new can^j^ that has gone into operation, and repore V by bill or otherwise. ^ Mr. Davis of H. offered the following fu resolution : # Resolved, That the Committee of S. % and C. be instructed to inquire into the ^ expediency of making such an allowance jeI to'school commissioners, as may defray^, their expenses, while in the discharge of their public duties—See. CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL. f'!l At a meeting of the Central Commit^ : tee of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal s? Convention, held, pursuant to notice, its $ Georgetown, in the District ot Columbia, i on the 17th of December, 1823, the fol- $ lowing resolutions were unanimously \ adopted: 5 Resolved, That, in conformity with . the spirit of the resolutions adopted by the Convention of the friends of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, Shis com mittee do regard the several Delegations elected to serve in the said Convention, but who, for unavoidable reasons, could not attend, as Corresponding Committees for the purpose set forth in the said reso lutions. And it was further Resolved, 1 hat the Chairman of the Central Committee be instructed, in behalf of the Committee, to address a circular letter of invitation to the several Counties and Corporations of Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Vir ginia, who may have been prevented by want of time, or accident, from appoint ing Delegates to the said Convention, to proceed, nevertheless, to appoint for their respective Counties and Corporations, Committees of Correspondence, which, in any future meeting of the said Con vention, shall be introduced to the Con vention by this committee, as Delegates therein. And be it further resolved, That a co py of the minutes of the proceedings of the Convention accompany the circular letter of the Chairman. Extract from the Journal of the Cen tral Committee, kc. C. F. MERCER, Chairman of the C. C. Committee. The Baltimore Meeting—-We have not room for a full account of the Meeting held at Baltimore on Saturday last, nor time to digest an account of it. We shall only say, for the present, that Mr. Harper’s liberal resolutions were voted out by a majority of voices, and a set of resolutions adopted of a different tenden cy. In a few words, the Meeting resolv ed that they consider the Susquehanna Canal capable of being accomplished;, that it would be “premature and impro per” to express any opinion, good or bad, as to the means of uniting the Ohio to the Chesapeake, by the Susquehanna the Potomac; that there is no chantIP to the Lakes but the Susquehanna ! and that a committee of eight persons should be chosen, to go to Annapolis,, to hold a consultation upon the best measures to support the Susquehanna Canal. The Committee consists of Messrs. Theodo rick Bland, George Winchester, John Patterson, Luke Tiernan, Henry Payson, John M‘Kim, Jr. Hezekiah Niles, and Upton S. Heath; and so the matter now rests.'—[JVat. Int. On the 12th instant, Mr. Semmes presented a memorial from the committee appointed by a Con vention held at the City of Washington, to propose and present a memorial, requestingthe concurrence' of the state of Maryland in the incorporation of a company to form a connection of the Atlantic and Western waters by a Canal—which was referred to. a committee appointed on that subject. The Legislature of the State of Indi ana assembled on the 1st inst. and is now in session. David II. Maxwell is Speak er of the House of Representatives. In Pennsylvania, the Governor has ap pointed Molton C. Rodgers, of Lancaster, to be Secretary of State, and Frederick Smith, of Berks county, to be Attorney of the Commonwealth. In the Maryland Legislature, a bill amending the constitution, so that the Legislature in future will not meet till after Christmas, passed both branches by very large majorities, hut must be again passed by the next Legislature, be fore it can become a law. A recess of the Legislature has taken place from the 20th to the 29th inst.—[Nat. Int. Arkansas.—The Legislature of the State of Arkansas has established a Cir cuit Court for the Territory, comprising; three Districts ; in which Thomas P. Esk ridge., Richard Searcy, and William Trim ble, are respectively appointed Judges of the Circuit Court.—[lb. ’ VWVWIJ The Story from Tampico about the numerous deaths, is contradicted. The United States schr. Grampus left there on the 21$t of October. A sudden flaw of northerly wind had reduced themer* cury 40 degrees, and 16 of the crew were affected, by the sudden change; but only one, Mr. Somerby, the purser, died. The report was, that she lost 18. The story of 30.0 having died at Tampico, is not he Sieved.