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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
MONDAY, DEC. 29. On motion of Mr. Floyd, it was Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to in quire into the expediency of occupying the Coluta bia or Oregon river, and to regulate the intercourse with the Indian tribes; and that they have leave to report by bill or otherwise, On motion of Mr. Campbell, it was Resolved, That the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the ex pediency of providing, by law, that every Postmas ter intending to resign his appointment, shall give a reasonable notice, at his office, of such his inten tion, TUESDAY, DEC. 30, ON A SYSTEM OF BANKRUPTCY. Mr. Webster, from the Committee on the Judiciary, who were instructed to in quire into the expediency of establishing an Uniform System of Bankruptcy, re ported that it is not expedient to establish such a system. Mr. Webster observed, that the committee had thought it proper to make an early communication of their opinion on this important subject to the House. In this opinion, a great majority of the Committee concurred ; indeed, he believed he was the only member who had the misfortune to differ from that opinion. The whole committee, however, were desirous of giving a fair opportunity to those gentlemen who, like himself, were in favor of the system, to bring the question before the House. Such an opportunity would now be afforded, as any member might move to amend the report, by altering it from a negative to an affirmative charac ter. It seemed to him to be proper, on several ac counts, that the opinion of the House, on the gene ral question of the expediency of a Bankrupt Law, should betaken, before a bill should be brought in. In such a bill there must necessarily be much of prolixity and detail; and very much discussion might be expected to arise on particular provisions, which would seem to be misplaced, until there should be some room to think that the general measure itself was acceptable to a majority of the House. Until there was room to believe that, such a discussion upon details would have no effect but to consume time. If the House should now reverse this report, the committee would cheerfully pre pare and bring in a bill. He would take the liberty to suggest, however, whether the best way would not be to proceed by resolution. In this way, per haps, not only the general question might be set tled, but, if settled in favor of the measure, subse quent resolutions might proceed to settle some of the general outlines of the system ; such, for exam ple, as what classes of persons the system should ex tend to ; whether only to traders, technically or legal gally so called, or to all persons (by proper descrip tion)who have, ordinarily, occasion to use extensive credits; and whether it shall be a temporary or per manent system, &c. &c. He made these sugges tions only for the consideration of those who, like himself, were in favor of the system. And, to the end that they might have an option, to proceed by way of resolution, or by motion to amend the pre sent report, he would move that the report lie upon the table. The report was accordingly laid on the table. Mr. Rich offered the following: Resolved, That the Committee on Indian Affairs be instructed to inquire into the practicability and expediency of adopting measures which shall more effectually restrain either citizens of the U. States or foreigners from hunting or trapping on lands to which the Indian title has not been extinguished, and exclude foreigners from a participation in the Indian trade. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 31. The following message, from the Pre sident of the United States, was received, by Mr. Mosher, his private Secretary: “ To the House of Representatives of the United States: “ I transmit to the House of Representatives, a Report from the Secretary of State, with accompa nying documents, containing the information re quested by the resolution of the House, of the 19th inst. relating to the condition and future prospects of the Greeks. JAMES MONROE. Washington, 31st Dec. 1823.” “department of state, “ Washington, 31st Dec. 1823. “ The Secretary of State, to whom has been re ferred the resolution of the House of Representa tives of the United States of the 19th inst. request ing the President of the United States to lay before the House any information he may have received, and which he may not deem it improper to commu nicate, relating to the condition and future pros pects of the Greeks, has the honor of reporting to the President, the papers in the possession of this Department, containing the information requested by the resolution of the House. “JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.” List of Pafiers sent. Extract of a letter from Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Adams, dated 13th Dec. 1822—with Note, dated Corinth, 8th (20th-) April, 1822— translation. Note, Mr. Luriottis to Don Evaristo San Miguel, dated 21st Nov. 1823—translation. Mr. Rush to Mr. Adams, 24th Feb. 1823—copy. Mr. Luriottis to same, 30th do. do. Mr. Adams to Mr. Rush, 18th Aug. do. do. Same to Mr. Luriottis, 18th do. do. Extract of a letter to Secretary of State, dated Marseilles, 6th August, 1823. Do. do. 27th do. Statistical table of Greece—translation—original copy received from Mr. Middleton. The message, &c. was ordered to lie on the ta ble. And the House adjourned to Friday. FRIDAY, JANUARY 2\ 1824. Mr. Sloane, from the Committee of Elections, gave notice that he should, on Monday, call up the report of that com mittee on the subject of the contested election of Mr. Wilson, a member from New York. The Speaker reminded the honorable member that notice had been given for the discussing of another subject, on Monday: alluding to Mr.Webster’s re solution for sending an Agent to Greece. Mr. Poinsett said, that the Speaker had referred to a subject, in regard to which, he wisned to make a suggestion, foi which he would use the present occa sion. The motion, by his friend from Massachusetts, respecting Greece, stood under notice for Monday next. That question, he thought, would give rise to the discussion of other subjects connect ed with our foreign relations. It would be recollected that, after notice was giv en for the discussion of that subject on Monday next, a call for information, on another most interesting subject, had been made, on the motion of an honora ble member from Vermont, (Mr. Malla ry,) which had not yet been answered.— The King of Spain, it was understood, had declared his determination to re claim his former possessions in America by force. It had been confidently rumored, that the confederated monarchs of Europe were about to take some measures in aid of this determination of the King of Spain. When the House went into Com mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, on the subject of the agency to Greece, that would be a convenient oc casion to bring forward this other sub ject. They were somewhat connected, and there would doutless be a discussion of both. But the House would not be fully prepared for this discussion, till the reply should come in answer to the reso lution adopted on the motion of the gentle man from Vermont. He wished, there fore, that his friend from Massachusetts would consent to omit the calling up of his motion on Monday. Mr. Webster said, he felt solicitous— perhaps too solicitous—to bring on his motion as early as convenient, especially as some mistaken notion, as he thought, of its nature and tendency, had gone abroad. He was fully persuaded that the course indicated by that motion was precisely that which he thought the go vernment ought to adopt; that nothing less than that would satisfy the public feel ing or the public expectation, and that the sooner it was done the better. He thought the information communicated this morning was of a character to strengthen this conviction, where it exist ed, and to create it where it did not.— Nevertheless, he was unwilling to bring on the motion, while his friend from South Carolina thought there would be a convenience resulting from delay. He would, therefore, not call up the subject on Monday. And, as it was probable there would soon be an answer to the re solution of the gentleman from Vermont, he would, after the receipt of that com munication, call the attention of the House again to the subject. VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE. Tuesday, Dec. 23.—Mr. Tyler, from the committee to whom'was referred the pre amble and resolutions of the Legislature of Tennessee, on"the subject of a Con gressional Caucus, reported a preamble and resolutions on that subject, They were read, arid, on motion of Mr. Garland, laid on the table, and 500 copies ordered to be printed. Mr. Colston made an unsuccessful ef fort to take them up again, and refer them to the committee of the whole, in pursuance of the usual course on such oc casions. Mr. Tyler gave notice, that as the sub ject was one which should be acted upon immediately, he should call it up as soon as the House was in possession of the printed document. [The preamble is omitted on account of its length—the resolutions follow :] Resolved, That in the opinion of this General Assembly, a recommendation to the people of suit able persons to fill the offices of President and Vice President of these United States, by the mem bers of Congress, is at this time both politic and expedient to preserve harmony and secure union— Resolved, That it is now the only practicable mode whereby the wishes of the majority of the nation, are likely to be attained— Resolved, That the Governor be requested to transmit to the Senators and Representatives of this State in Congress a copy of this preamble and re solutions ; and also a similar copy to the Executive of each of the United States with a request that the same be laid before their respective Legislatures. On Mr. Colston’s motion, the Commit tee of Roads and Internal Navigation were discharged from farther consider ing the petition referred to them, on the subject of the Potomac Navigation, and leave was given to withdraw the petition. And then another petition from the same petitioners, on the same subject, was pre sented Sc referred to the same committee. On Mr. Davenport’s motion, leave was granted to bring in a bill to author ise the heirs of John Wager to erect a toll-bridge at Harper’s Ferry. Friday, Dec. 26.—On motion of Mr. Patteson of B. Resolved, That the Militia Committee be instructed to enquire into the expe diency of dispensing with the duties now performed by the Brigade Inspectors, and also of reducing the compensation allowed by law to Clerks of Courts of Enquiry, Adjutants, and all other Offi cers who receive compensation for mili tia service, with leave, See. Mr. Patteson said our militia estab lishment cost from 12 to gl5,000; and thought that all our service now render ed, might be performed for a sum not ex ceeding the militia fines. Mr. Gordon offered the following pre amble and resolution : The fame of heroes and patriots is best pre served in the memory of their virtues ; and the bra zen monuments which art can erect, are but mute and motionless manifestions of a nation’s gratitude. The winged messenger of letters, communicates to every bosom the throb of public love, at the achiev ments of patriot virtue, and time but swells the tide of glory which shall roll through generations yet to come. The fame of Washington and his compatriots will be perpetuated in the hearts of millions yet to live. This great community of re publics is the monument on which their deeds of glory are inscribed, and from every temple in which liberty is worshipped, the hosannas of countless thousands will resound their praise to Heaven. Resolved, therefore, That the individuals who have subscribed money to erect a monument to our first and greatest revolutionary hero, GEORGE WASHINGTON, under an act of Assembly of Virginia, have leave to withdraw their respective subscriptions, and that it .be recommended to them to make to the Greeks, near the grave of Leonidas, an offering of the amount, in the name of the coun trymen of Washington. Mr. Blackburn hoped the proposition would be considered before it was adopt ed, as it involved the propriety of the course heretofore pursued. Mr. Gordon remarked, that he had been applied to by some of the subscribers, to bring the subject before the House. The amount subscribed, he said, had been found insufficient for the erection of a mo nument; and as the object for which the money was given had failed, he thought the individuals entitled to receive it back. The recommendation to appropriate it to the cause of freedom in a land of lib erty, patriotism, science, virtue and reli gion, was, in his opinion, in accordance with the sentiments and feelings of the people of Virginia, and with the notice taken of the Greeks, by our virtuous and patriotic Governor, in his communica tion to the Legislature. The preamble and resolution were laid on the table. Monday, Dec. 29.—On Mr. Colston s mption, it was Resolved, That the committee of roads and internal navigation, to whom was re ferred the memorial of the committee appointed by the Convention at Wash ington, on the 6th Nov. 1823, on the sub ject of the Potomac river navigation, have leave to report by bill or otherwise. Mr. Kincheloe offered a resolution in structing- the Board of Public Works, to cause the Engineer to lay out a road from Clarksburg to Point Pleasant. Mr. K. made a statement showing the impor tance of the road, and the great inconve nience encountered by the people from the want of it. j Mr. Colston suggested the propriety of so modifying the resolution, and all o thers of a similar nature, as to refer the subject either to the Board of Public Works or the committee of Roads and Internal Navigation, that the expediency of the proposition may be inquired into. He remarked on the inconveniences and expenses resulting from giving unquali fied orders for surveys, which in some cases must prove useless. And the reso lution was so modified as to request the Board of Public Works to inquire into the expediency of laying out the road in question, and agreed to by the House. Mr. Rives, of Nelson, offered the fol lowing resolutions, preceded by a pream ble, declaring the penitentiary system, in its present state, inadequate to the pur poses originally contemplated : Resolved, That the Penitentiary Com mittee be instructed to inquire into the expediency of adopting the solitary cell system. Resolved, also, That they be instruct ed to inquire into the expediency of abol ishing imprisonment in the public jail or penitentiary house for less than five years, and substituting in lieu thereof the pun ishment of public castigation and incar ceration in the county jails. And Resolved, furthermore, That they be instructed to inquire into the expedi ency of introducing the tread or stepping mill into the penitentiary of this state, with leave to report on these different subjects by bill or otherwise. The preamble and resolutions were, on motion of Mr. Tyler, laid on the table. Tuesday Dec. 30—On Mr. Colston’s motion. Resolved, That the Committee of Roads and In land Navigation be instructed to inquire into the expediency of providing by law such further sums of money, as will be adequate to the completion of the James and Jackson’s River Canal, and the Ka nawha road and river ; and into the mode of im proving the Potomac river, what portion of stock shall be subscribed for on the part of the state when the adjoining states interested in the improvement shall give their assent to the plan proposed, and to recommend the means of raising the funds, for the speedy completion of both of those objects of im provement, with leave to report by bill or otherwise. THE GREEKS.—The flame of enthu siasm in favor of the Cause of the Greeks, kindled at New York, seems to spread like wild-fire over the country. Among other Meetings on the subject, there has been one at Boston, at which Geo. Blake, Esq. presided ; on which occasion pro fessor Everett addressed the Meeting, and moved the resolutions, expressive of the deep interest felt in the struggle of the Greeks for liberty; returning thanks to Mr. Webster for his motion in Con gress on the subject; appointing a com mittee to memorialize Congress on the subject—to address the President of the Grecian Executive Council in terms of sympathy, and to prepare an Address to the citizens generally on the subject. The resolutions were unanimously adopt ed, and a committee was appointed, of which Professor Everett is Secretary. f JYat. Jnt. FROM HAVANA. & The brig Packet, arrived at New York, left Havana on the 13th inst. Captain Doughty informs, that a French frigate arrived off the port on the 9th, with in structions for re-establishing the Royal Government. On the 10th she entered the port, firing a salute, which was an swered by the shipping and forts. On the same day, the King was proclaimed in the Cathedral, in the presence of the Governor and all the principal officers of Havana, who were escorted by a part of the Catalonia, Taragona, and Malaga re giments of foot. Salutes were repeated from all the forts, the town illuminated, &c. The old regulations went into im mediate operation. No smiles were to be seen from the friends of the Constitu tion. A double guard was placed in the city, and all the taverns and coffee-houses were ordered to be closed at 5 o’clock. The frigate which brought the above instructions was the Eurydice. The fri gate which was stated to have sailed from Cadiz with a new Governor for Cu ba, was called the Tonnant. Gov. Vxves, in his proclamation on the occasion, says—“The King, then is re established in his sovereign rights, and in the plenitude inherited from his au gust ancestors. The genius of the revo lution, and of discord, sowing extrava gant and impracticable principles, had succeeded in overturning the established order of so many ages of glory for the nation ; the ambition of a few demagogues Ccocifeos) and the dogmas of the new sects, though full of absurd inconsisten cies, seduced many of the unwary who could not penetrate their sanguiary pro jects and pernicious maxims. The feli city which this Island has always enjny ed, and the predilection which his. Majes ty has always shewn to your petitions, &c. are considerations which impose on us the necessity of being faithful to our Sovereign, and of respecting and obey ing his beneficent resolutions.” [The remainder of the proclamation, denounces “ liberal principles—licentious books, pamphlets,” Sec. and exhorts the inhabitants to behave like good vassals, and merit the love of their master.] SOUTH AMERICA. From the London Courier of Nov. 11. The most important news from France is the following: “ They are already speaking of the ves~ sels of war which are about to sail from Cadiz. They will be augmented by two frigates and three corvettes, and the ne cessary transports will be procured in the different parts of Europe for T WEN TY THOUSAND INFANTRY AND TWO THOUSAND CAVALRY. It is said that GENERAL MORILLOj^UI command the expedition, and tS^e troops only will be employed which have already served in South America, and who are accustomed to the climate. The expedition will repair to Havana to unite with MORALES, whose army it is said,, amounts to twenty-five hundred men* Cuba being the centre of operations, it is supposed that the General-in-Chief will first attack MEXICO, because of its vi cinity to Havana; and that Spain will there find powerful auxiliaries in the aris tocracy And clergy. Spain intends to publish a manifesto, in which she will announce to the nations of Europe, that she will permit strangers to participate, to a certain degree, in the commerce of the colonies, contenting herself with the recovery of her sovereignty over this part of the new world. “ The Times says that this restriction of commerce is precisely the greatest grievance of which the colonies complain ed under the ancient system, and that the commerce of South America being now as free to England as to all the other States of Europe, France has no right to take measures which tend to deprive Great Britain of advantages which she possesses.” “ Letters from Cadiz announce, in ge neral, that the Spanish troops are very much discontented with the new order of things. At Algesiras they are crying “ Long live the Constitution,” and the greatest confusion prevails in that city.” FROM CADIZ. Captain Le Craw, arrived at Marble headfrom Cadiz,(sailed Nov.l 1,) informs that the United States’ frigate Constitu tion, and schr. Nonsuch, sailed from Gib raltar, same day—that the French ships did not appear to have any intention of leaving Cadiz very soon, many of them having hauled into the Caraccas to repair, while a sufficient number were left in the bay to keep the Spaniards in awe—that several others were employed in taking away the brass cannon from Cadiz, (among them some not bored out) for what purpose unknown—but most pro bably taken in barter for their services in favor of the Spanish King NORFOLK, DEC. 27. Commodore Porter and his family came down in the Steam-Boat Potomac, and went on boai d the United States ship John Adams, lying in the bite of Craney Island, on Thursday last.—[Beacon.