Newspaper Page Text
3ARPERS FERRY FREE PRESS.
“to shew virtue her own feature, scorn her own image, and the very age and body of the time, his form and pressure.” VOL. III.—No. 24. HARPERS-FERRY, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1824. Whole No. 128. PUBLISHED, WEEKLY, BY JOHN S. GALLAFIER & CO. CONDITIONS. The FREE PRESS is published at Two Dollars per annum, if paid in advance ; Two Dollars and Twenty-five Cents, if paid at the end of six months, or Two Dollars and Fifty Cents at the expiration of the year. A notice to discontinue, must be given at least a week before the expiration of the term subscrib ed for, and all arrearages paid. %* Advertisements will be inserted at the rate of One Dollar per square, for three insertions, and j Twenty-five Cents per square for each subsequent insertion. The postage must be paid on all letters and com munications, or they will not be attended to. WEEKLY ALMANAC. JANUARY, 1824. 15 Thursday 16 Friday 17 Saturday 18 Sunday 19 Monday 20 Tuesday 21 Wednesday SUN RISES. SUN* SETS. 47 48 4 49 4 50 4 51 4 52 4 52 MOON S PHASES. 7 7 7 7 (t g ty 3 “ -g. OO is3 <— e OWCI'O' O 05 U U ? 00 03 03 SO v U Ul (O Ol « fa S» P 3 CASSINETS, PLAIDS, $c. j YARDS super Cassinets, very heavy, at I | Fir 1 dollar per yard, 500 yards Indigo Blue Plaids, at fi’om 13 to 16 cts. Furniture and Apron Checks, Bleached Sheetings and Shirtings, Sicilian Plaids, plaid bombazine, Rose Bordered Shawls, Figured Book Muslin, Do. Cambric Jaconett, 9-4 and 12-4 Rose Blankets, 100 pounds Cotton Warps, from No. 6 to 12, Received yesterday We are also daily expect ing Tartan Plaids and other Dry Goods, and a fur ther supply of SHOES and CROCKERY. D. A. WEED & CO. Dec. 31, 1823. NOTICE. ALL persons indebted to the subscriber, in any way whatever, are requested to call on him and make settlement, as it will be found much to the interest of both parties to do so at an early date. F. BECKHAM. Dec. 31,1823. FLOUR BOAT $ SKIFF. WAS caught loose, drifting down the Potomac, on the 26th inst. a FMfc’ Boat and Skiff. The owner can have them again by proving property, and paying charges, within a month from this date. * JOHN F. RICH. Dec. 31, 1823. Tavern-Stand and Store-House, FOR REm. THOSE well-known establishments at Mud-Fort are now offered for rent.' The Store-House, whilst in the occupan cy of Mr. Weed, attracted a considerable custom, and having since been improved, by the addition of a chimney, &c. will be found much more convenient than here tofore. It comprises a store-room, count- ! ing-room, and w are-house, and has at tached to it a five acre lot, which will be let either with it or separately. The Ta vern-Stand is now occupied by Mr. Fitz- | hugh, and may, by proper management, be made very valuable to a tenant. The terms will be moderate, if early applica tion be made, and possession given on the first of April next. SUSAN DOWNEY. Karpers-Ferry, Dec. 31, 1823. _ A HOUSE SERVANT. "''&VTANTED, immediately, a female n House Servant, who is not encum bereiwith children. Liberal wages will be given. For further information, in quire of the PRINTER. Jan.7, 1824. Portraiture of Methodism, CONSISTING of their belief, and the doctrines which they preach ; also, a summary account of the Life and Tra vels of the JRev. John Wesley. To which is added a Defence of Methodism, being an answer to some objections to the rne thodists, and some remarks on toleration, with a vindication of the principle of uni versal and equal liberty in matters of re ligion. For sale at this office.—price 37§ P cents. Dec. 3, 1823. THE YORK CITY HALL RECORDER, CONTAINING interesting reports of . trials from theyears i -316 to 1821,in clusive, in three volmneSj for sa]e at this office, i his work will prove very useful to gehtlemen of the Bar, inasmuch as it presents decisions itvolyjjig very impor tant points of law. Dec. 17, 1823. DOCUMENTS TRANSMITTED TO CONGRESS Bit THE PRESIDENT. Extract of a letter from Mr. Rush, our Minister in London, Mr. Adams, Secretary of State, dated “ London, February 24-, 1823. “ I received, the day before yesterday, a paper, of which a copy is enclosed,'ad dressed to you, by Andreas Luriottis, an agent or deputy from Corinth, on behalf of the cause of the Greeks. It will be perceived that after describ ing the general nature of the revolution now going on in Greece, the object of the paper is, to solicit aid of the United States, and the establishment of diplo matic connexions with them. i his gentleman, who has recently ar rived in London, brought me a letter of introduction from General Dearborn at Lisbon, and I received him, in a manner due to the interesting character which he bears. I assured him that the for tunes of his country were dear to the people of the United States, who, cher ishing the freedom which they themselves inherited and enjoyed, looked with the warmest sympathy upon the struggle of the Greeks for their national liberties; and that the government of the United States participated in this feeling. Of the latter, I considered the late mention of the subject by the President, in his message to Congress, at the opening of the session, as the authentic proof. To the inquiries of Mr. Luriottis, whe ther my government would open political or diplomatic relations with his, at the present day, I replied, that this formed a point on which I was wholly uninformed, and could not undertake to give my opi nion. That it involved considerations of expediency, as applicable to the United States, as well as of advantage, or other wise, as applicable to the Greek cause it self, that would be maturely weighed at Washington, before any decision could i be pronounced. All that 1 could say, was, to reiterate the assurance of the ] friendly interest that was felt amongst us, for the success of the cause in which his country was embarked ; and I ad verted to the part which my government had acted, in relation to the South Ameri can struggle—apart so much in advance of that of any other government—as a sure indication that it could feel no back wardness in welcoming, when the proper day arrived, the new-born freedom of Greece into the family of nations. In the end I informed him that I would gladly become the organ of transmitting to my government whatever distinctive over tures or communication he might deter mine to make to it-—a request which, in the course of our conversation, he had himself made of me. These overtures he has set forth in the paper enclosed. Mr. Luriottis dwelt with confidence up on the advances which his country has made in the career of her independence-— advances the more solid and encouraging, as they have been won amidst formidable difficulties, by the mere unassisted efforts of her own valor and constancy. Since the capture of Napoli de Romania, the strongest fortress which the Turks had in the Morea, he seemed to consider that the cause of independence was placed up on a sure basis. The Greeks, since this event, have removed the seat of their go vernment from Corinth, where it w’as fix ed at first, to Napoli.” Andreas Luriottis, Envoy of the Provisional Govern ment of Greece, to the Honorable John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State to the United States of America. Sir : I feel no slight emotion, while, in behalf of Greece, my country, strug gling for independence and liberty, I ad dress myself to the United States of Ame rica. The independence for which we com bat, you have achieved. The liberty to which we look with anxious solicitude, you have obtained, and consolidated in peace and in glory. Yet Greece, old Greece, the seat of ear ly civilization and freedom, stretches out her hands, imploringly, to a land which sprung into being, (as it were,) ages af ter her own lustre had been extinguished ; and ventures to hope, that the youngest a«d most vigorous sons of liberty will re gard, with no common sympathy, the ef forts of the descendants of the heir and the elder born, whose precepts and whose example have served—though insufficient hitherto for ovtr complete regeneration— to regenerate half a world. I know, sir, that the sympathies of the generous people of thu United States have been extensively directed towards us; and since I have reached this country, an in terview with their minister, Mr. Rush, has served to convince me, more strong ly, how great their claim is on our grati tude and our affection. May I hope that some means may be found to communi cate these our feelings, of which I am so proud to be the organ ? We will still venture to rely on their friendship ; we would look to their individual, if not to their national co-operation. Every, the slightest assistance, under present cir cumstances, will aid the progress of the great work of liberty; and if, standing, as we have stood, alone and unsupported, with every thing opposed to us, and no thing to encourage us but patriotism, en thusiasm. and, sometimes, even despair: if th&_: ? have gone forward, liberating our provinces, one after another, and sub duing every torce which has been direct ed against us, what may we not do with the assistance for which we venture to appeal to the generous and the free? Precipitated, by circumstances, into that struggle for independence which, ever since the domination of our cruel and reckless tyrants, had never ceased to be the object of our vows and prayers, ! we have, by the blessing of God, freed a considerable part of Greece from the ruthless invaders. The Peloponnessus, Etolia, Carmania, Attica, Phocida, Bceo tia, and the islands of the Archipelago and Candia, are nearly free. The armies and the fleets which have been sent a gainst us have been subdued by the valor of our troops and our marine. Mean while, we have organized a government, founded upon popular suffrages ; and yon will probably have seen how closely owe organic law assimilates to that constitu tion under which your nation so happily and so securely lives. I have been sent hither by the Govern ment of Greece, to obtain assistance in our determined enterprize, on which we, like you, have staked our lives, our for tunes, and our sacred honor; and I be lieye my journey has not been wholly without success. I should have been' j wanting in my duty, had I not addressed j you; supplicating the earliest display of your amicable purposes ; entreating that diplomatic relations may be established between us; communicating the most earnest desire of my government, that we may be allowed to call you allies as well as friends ; and stating that we shall re joice to enter upon discussions which may lead to immediate and advantageous trea ties, and to receive as to expedite diplo matic agents without delay. Both at Madrid and at Lisbon I have been receiv ed with great kindness by the American representative, and am pleased to record the expression of my gratitude. Though fortunately you are so far re moved, and raised so much above the narrow politics of Europe, as to be little influenced by the vicissitudes, I venture to believe that Mr. Rush will explain to you the changes which have taken place, and are still in action around us, in our fa vor , and I conclude, rejoicing in the hope that North America and Greece may be united in the bonds of long-en during and unbroken concord; and have the honor to be, with every sentiment of respect, your obedient humble servant, ANp. LURIOTTIS. London, February 20, 1823. 'MR. ADAMS TO MR. RUSH. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, 18th August 1823. Sir: I have the honor of enclosing, herewith, an answer to the letter from Mr. Luriottis, the agent of the Greeks, addressed to me, and a copy of which was transmitted with your despatch, No. 195. If, upon the receipt of this letter, Mr. Luriottis should be in London, it will be desirable that you should deliver it to him in person, accompanied with such remarks and explanation as may satisfy him, and those whom he represents, that in declining the proposal of giving active aid to the cause of Grecian emancipation, the Executive government of the United States has been governed not by its in clinations, or a sentiment of indifference to the cause, but, by its constitutional du ties, clear and unequivocal. The United States could give assis tance to the Greeks only by the applica tion of some portion of their public reve nue, in their favor, and it would consti tute them in a state of war with the Ot toman Porte, and perhaps with all the Barbary powers. To make this disposal either of force or of treasure, you are aware, is, by our Constitution, not with in the competency of the Executive. It could be determined only by an act of Congress, which would assuredly not be adopted, should it even be recommended by the Executive. The policy of the Uuited States, with reference to foreign nations, has always been founded upon the moral principle of natural law—Pence with all mankind. From whatever cause war between other nations, whether.foreign or domestic, has arisen, the unvarying law of the United States has been, peace with both bellige rents. From thefirst war of the FrenchRe volution, to the recent invasion of Spain, there has been a succession of wars, na tional and civil, in almost every one of which, one of the parties was contending for liberty, or independence. To the first Revolutionary war, a strong impulse of feeling urged the people of the United States to take side with the party which, at its commencement, was contending, apparently, at least, for both. Had the policy oi tne united states not been es sentially pacific, a stronger case to claim their interference could scarcely have been presented. They nevertheless de clared themselves neutral, and the princi ple, then deliberately settled, has been invariably adhered to ever since. With regard to the recognition of sove reign states, and the establishment with them of a diplomatic intercourse, the ex perience of the last thirty years has serv ed also to ascertain the limits proper for the application of principles, in which every nation must exercise some latitude of discretion. Precluded by their neutral position from interfering in the question of right, the United States have recogniz ed the fact of foreign sovereignty, only when it was undisputed, or disputed with out any rational prospect of success. In this manner, the successive changes of government in many of the European states, and the Revolutionary govern ments of South America, have been ac knowledged. The condition of the Greeks is not such as will admit of the recogni tion of these principles. Yet, as we cherish the most friendly feelings towards them, and are sincerely disposed to render them any services which may be compatible with our neu trality, it will give us pleasura to learn, from time to time, the actual state of their cause, political and military. Should Mr. Luriottis be enabled and disposed to furnish this information, it may always be communicated through you, and will be received with satisfaction here. The public accounts from that quarter have been, of late, very scanty, and we shall be glad to obtain any authentic particulars which may come to your knowledge, from this, or through any other channel,, I api, with great respect, sir, your yery humble and obedient servant, JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. Richard Rush, Envoy, Is’c. at London» MR. ADAMS TO MR. LURIOTTIS. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washing-ton, 18tli August, 1823. Sir: A copy of the letter which you dicl me the honor of addressing to me on the 20th of February last, has been trans mitted 1o me by the minister of the Unit ed States at London, and has received the deliberate consideration of the Presi dent of the United States. The sentiments with which he has witnessed the struggles of your country men for their national emancipation and independence, had been made manifest to the world in a public message to the Con gress of the United States. They are cordially felt by the people of this Union; who, sympathising with the cause of free dom and independence, -wherever its stan dard is unfurled, behold with peculiar interest the display of Grecian energy in defence of Grecian liberties, and the as sociation of heroic exertions, at the pre sent time, with the proudest glories of former ages, in the land of Epaminondas and of Philopoemon, But, while cheering with their best wishes the cause of the Greeks, the Unit ed States are forbidden, by the duties of their situation, from taking part in the war, to which their relation is that oi neutrality. At peace themselves with all the world, their established policy, and the obligations of the laws of nations, preclude them from becoming voluntary auxiliaries to a cause which would in volve them in a war. If, in the progress of events, the Greeks should be enabled to establish and organ ize themselves as an independent nation* the United States will be amongst the first to welcome them, in that capacity, into the general family, to establish di plomatic and commercial relations with them, suited to the mutual interests of the two countries, and to recognize, with special satisfaction, their constituted state in the character of a sister republic. I have the honor to be, with distin guished consideration, sir, your very humble and obedient servant, JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. Andreas Lxtriottis, Envoy of the Provisional Government of the Greeks, London,