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FllOM THE WASHINGTON REPUBLICAN.
TREASURY AND BANK MATTERS. Mr. Edwards, who was recently ap pointed minister to Mexico, has forward ed to the speaker of the house of repre sentatives,which was laid betore congress, a long and able vindication of himselt against an intimation contained in a re port made to the house by the secretary of the treasury, of his having made false statements, on his examination before the second committee of investigation, at the last session of congress, on the subject of suppressed documents. From the rapid manner in which we have been obliged to cast our eyes over this important docu ment, we are only able to give an imper fect summary of its contents. Mr. Ed wards complains that this report, altho’ called for at the first session of the last congress, has been delayed until the pre sent session, and that, too, until after it was understood that he had left the city, on his way home, preparatory to his em barkation for Mexico. He goes into a train of reasoning, supported by extracts from a correspondence between him and the secretary of the treasury, and other documentary evidence, to show that what he stated before the committee, the truth of which he considers Mr. Crawford as questioning, is true. He particularly re fers to letters which passed between them more than a year before he gave his tes timony to the committee, in which he ex pressly stated the same facts : and the re ceipt of which Mr. Crawford acknowled ges, without, in any degree, denying the truth of the statements so made. After completely, as it appears to us, sustaining the truth of what he under stood to be questioned by Mr. Crawford, in his report to the house, he proceeds to an investigation of the correctness and legality of much of Mr. Crawford’s offi cial conduct; and offers, what he deems conclusive evidence, to support the six allegations against Mr. Crawford, which we have copied from his communication. This communication, which embraces some 50 or 60 pages of manuscript, con cludes in the following words:— “ I regret to have, it to say to your hon orable body, that, both the state of my health and the want of time, absolutely compel me, most reluctantly, to close this investigation of Mr.Crawford’s well-timed statement against me. In this situation, I bag leave to refer you, for further facts, of which I might, under more favorable circumstances, fairly and successfully avail myself, to a few of the publications with the signature of “ A. B.” herewith transmitted. “ Avowing myself the author of these publications, (with the exception of a few typographical errors, and a mere verbal inaccuracy, in regard to the- time of a certain report being made,) reasserting before your honorable body and the na tion, that the facts they allege, are sub stantially true, I do most -respectfully so licit, that they may be taken as a part of, and be printed with this communication. ‘•'In order to strengthen my claim to this indulgence, combining all the rights of defence, of accusation, and of asking for investigation, which can entitle me, as a citizen of the United States, or an officer of their government, to appear be fore your honorable body, 1 do expressly state— “ 1st. That the hon. William II. Craw ford, secretary of the treasury, has mis managed the national funds : “ 2d. That he has received a large amount of uncurrent notes, from certain banks, in part discharge of their debts to the United Slates, contrary to the reso lution of congress of 1316: “ That, being called on by a resolution of the house of representatives, to state the amount of uncurrent notes, which he received from those banks, he has mis stated it, by making it less than it really was : “ 4th. That he has, in his report to the house, misrepresented the obligations of those hanks, or some one* of them, at least, and predicated thrrcon atr indefensible excuse for his conduct, in receiving those uncurrent notes : jtn. 1 oat ne nas acted illegally, in a variety of instances, by making and con tinuing deposites of public money in cer tain local banks, without making report thereof to congress, according to law : “ 6th. That he has, in several instan ces, withheld information and letters, called for by the house, and which it was his duty to have communicated. “ His oath—let it speak for itself. “For specifications of these statements, I offer the publications with the signa ture “ A. B.” abovementioned, and this communication. And for proof I offer that which they respectfully refer to. “All this I do defensively ; for, if the facts stated be true, no rational man can doubt that they must weaken, at least, the force of Mr. Crawford’s statement against me; “ I will not charge him with bad inten tions in any of those acts. It is more properly the duty of others to inquire in to, and judge of that matter. I do not ask for an investigation of his conduct. Such a request ought, more naturally, to be looked for from himself. But I will say, UlcU 11} UClIlg ail OLilLUI UL UJC SdillC vernment under which he holds his office, I have wilfully and maliciously misrep resented him in the six foregoing allega tions, it is a misdemeanor that would prove me unworthy of the office I hold. I invite him, or any of his friends, to make this charge' against me, pledging myself, to waive all notice, and with all the disad vantages of absence, to submit to an in vestigation thereof, by either, or by both houses of congress : and to abide by the decision thereupon. If this proposition be declined, I trust we shall have no more canting about an “ A. B. plot.” As to myself, I fear not the consequences of any fair investigation, for I know I shall be able, whatever may be the result, to justi fy myself to the nation. , “And never having obtained any office by the slightest sacrifice of independence, I will never owe the holding of one, to re- i luctant forbearance or the courtesy of my j enemies. I will only add, that if any at- j tempt should, hereafter, be made, meanly ■ to take advantage of my absence, by those ; who have forborne to attack me, when I could have had an opportunity of defend- ! ing myself, I must beg- of your honorable , body, and the nation, to suspend your j opinions, and to be assured that there shall be no unavoidable delay in vindi cating myself. I have, in reserve, much matter of defensive accusation,and should most certainly have invited your atten tion to the report concerning the receiver of public moneys at Hunstville, and other matters of not less importance, had time permitted.” What will be the ultimate effect upon the American people, of this bold and manly investigation into the conduct of Mr. Crawford, we .will not venture to pre dict ; but, in order that the whole case may be fairly understood, we invite their serious attention to it, and hope it Will be read with that candor which ought to be exerted in deciding on a controver sy so serious in its character, both as re gards the individuals concerned, and the people themselves. oomwkbss. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. MONDAY, APB.IL 10. The speaker presented to the house a voluminous address from Ninian Edwards, of Illinois, lately ap pointed minister to Mexico, which address was transmitted by the writer, from Wheeling, and pur porting to vindicate himself from certain allega tions implicating his character, contained in a report lately made by the secretary of the treasury, in re lation to government deposites in the western banks, of one of which banks Mr. Edwards' was a director. Much conversation and debate followed—some were for laying the memorial on the table—others' for printing it, and it was agreed that it should be read. When the reading was finished, a discussion tcok place of which we cannot give even an out line. Messrs. Tucker, of Va. Floyd and Forsyth spoke warmly on the subject. At last, it was re ferred to a committee of several members, with pow er to send for persons and papers. Leave of ab sence was granted to Mr. Rich to the end of the ses sion. The bill making appropriations for completing^ the several fortifications of the U. S. was taken up in committee of the whole, and considered and amended. It was reported to the house. TUESDAY, AJ’IUL 20. Mr. Cushman offered the following : “Resolved, That the committee of ways and means be instructed to inquire into the expediency of laying a duty on stills or spirits distilled from fo reign and domestic materials within the U. States.” The question being put on its consideration, it was decided in the negative—33 members only ris ing in favor of it. Mr. Forsyth submitted the following for adop tion : “ Resolved, That the president be officially in formed that this house has ordered an investigation of the memorial presented to this bouse on the 19th inst. by N. Edwards, lately appointed minister to Mexico—that the said N. Edwards may be instruct ed not to leave the United States before that inves tigation has taken place.” The question of consideration of this motion be ing called for, (a previous but not usual question,) was taken ; and there were, For now considering'the motion 61 Against considering it 84 So the house refused now to consider the propo sition. After some other proceedings— The Speaker, by leave, presented the memorial of Amelia Eugenia de la Rue, heiress of M. De Beaumarchais, in relation to her claim for repay ment of moneys advanced by her late father for the service of the United States. The bill making appropriations for fortifications was taken up—many of the items were examined at much length, and several amendments offered, and the general merits of the system partially dis cussed. Mr. Wood said that, iii the late war, the nation had paid 326,000 militia, besides her regulars. With sufficient forts, 26,000 would have done as much. Money applied wisely in defence, was the best means of preventing the augmentation of the public debt. The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading to-morrow. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 21. After disposing of some minor business— Mr. M’Duffie offered the following : “ Resolved, That the clerk of this house be di rected to furnish the president of the United States with a copy of the memorial of Ninian Edwards, re cently presented to the house, containing certain charges against the secretary of the treasury.” Mr. McDuffie said that he regretted that the sub ject had been presented to the house at all; but, since it had, he thought the fact should be submit ted to the president of the United States, that he might take such course as he may deem proper in this matter, it being a dispute between his own offi cers. Mr. Saunders accorded in the propriety of the re solution, and suggested an amendment, that the president be informed of the organization of a com mittee, by this house, to investigate the case. This course, lie said, would not surprise the president. If the president should cboose to recal Mr. Edwards, ! he would have it in his power to do so. He might j be permitted to say, that the course of Mr. Edwards | was not the same as that pursued towards Mr. Ham ilton, then secretary of the treasury, in 1794. Mr. Giles called for information, and boldly offered and supported his motion, and did not throw charges in to the house, and leave them to pursue them if they could. The same course ought to have been pur sued by Mr. Edwards in this case, instead of which he has departed hence on his way to a foreign sta tion, and thrown Ills charges back upon those he has left behind. Mr. Webster said he hoped he might be excused for making a single remark, without going farther. It was obvious the committee, which had been ap pointed, had no time to make any progress in inves tig'ating the charges of Mr. Edwards, at this session. He hoped the house had confidence enough in the committee to agree to the motion lie should now make, which was, to defer acting upon this motion until to-morrow morning. With this view, Mr. W. moved that the motion lie on the table. [Agreed to. ] The engrossed bill making appropriations for for tifications was read a third time. Much discussion took place. A motion, made by Mr. Cobb, to re commit the bill, was negatived—yeas 64, nays 103 ; and then it was passed and sent to the senate. The joint resolution from the senate, fixing a time for the adjournment of congress—15th May next—was twice read. It was, after debate, referred to the joint commit tee appointed on the part of the house of represen tatives to determine on what business shall be taken up at the present session, and at what time the two houses shall adjourn, &c.—yeas 87, nays 77. Miv Crowninsliield, according to notice given yes terday, moved to take up the bill from the senate to authorise tlie building often additional sloops of war—decided in the negative, yeas 69, nays 71. THURSDAX’S PROCEEDIXGS. In tlie senate! The whole day was occupied with the bill from the house, relative to surveys of roads and canals. A motion to strike out the original hill was negatived, by receiving an equal vote—21 to 21, and even a motion to adjourn was carried by the casting vote of the chair ; the president not be ing in the senate. in the house of representatives there was also an arduous time. Mr. Floyd, from the committee to whom was re ferred the memorial of N. Edwards, vindicating1 himself and accusing1 Mr. Secretary Crawford, pur suant to instructions of the committee, communi cated the following minutes of its proceedings, viz. “ The committee to whom was referred a com munication from Ninian Edwards, report the follow ing minutes of its proceedings, to the house of rep resentatives : WF.DXES0.iT, .APRIL 21, 1824. Present, all the members of the committee. Voted, That the committee ought to proceed to make inquiry into the matters contained in the said memorial, and connected therewith. Voted, That for the purpose of such inquiry, the attendance of the said Ninian Edwards upon the committee to be by them examined, is requisite ; and that his attendance be accordingly ordered. Voted, That the chairman do inform the house of the foregoing resolutions of the committee, and inasmuch as it is suggested that the said Ninian Ed wards is about to leave the United States on foreign diplomatic service, Voted, That the chairman do move the house that information of said communication, of the votes of the house theron, and of the foreg'oing resolutions of the committee, be communicated to the president of the United States.” The latter proposition having been put into the form of a motion by Mr. Taylor, of New-York, and the question being upon agreeing thereto— A very long debate, followed in the house, in which it was stated that the committee had issued und sent off a writ requiring the personal appearance of Mr. Edwards. Mr. Cook having stated that the gentleman was probably on his way to New-Orleans, for embarkation—Mr. Forsyth said, it was only what he suspected. The Parthian throws behind him his poisoned arrows as he retreats, and then flies be yond the reach of pursuit. But, Mr. F. said, he could not fortunately leave the United States before the process of the committee could reach him. The vessel which was to have the honor to bear him out, had not yet left the navy yard at this place, and, as he would scarcely venture to sail without the pro tection of the guns of the nation, he could yet be overtaken. But we cannot follow the debate—the temper of it may be seen from what has been said. The re port of the committee was agreed to. Mr. Edwards’ communication, with its accompanying papers, were ordered to be printed. Several other subjects were taken up and consi dered. A joint resolution has passed the Se nate, through its several readings, fixing on the 15th day of the next month, for the termination of the present session of Congress. That resolution is before the House of Representatives, whose concur rence is of course necessary to its final adoption. Contemporaneously, a joint resolution has passed the House of Re presentatives, on the motion of one of its oldest members, for the appointment of a Committee to examine, preparatory to fixing a day for the adjournment, what business, pending before the twoHouses, it will be necessary to act upon previous ly to the termination of the Session. It is probable the resolution from the Se nate will not be finally acted on, in the House of Representatives, before that Committee shall have reported. We do not, at present, see how it is possible for Congress to adjourn at so early a day as that indicated by the vote in the Senate.—I Nat. Int. At a meeting of the Board for Internal Improvement, of North Carolina, held at Raleigh on the 29th ult. it was agreed to subscribe, on behalf of the State, for 825,000 additional Stock in the Cape hear Company, and to commence im provements on that river,below Fayette ville, as soon as the present high water shall subside.—[lb. Rufus King, Esq. a member of the Se nate of the United States from New York, has determined to withdraw after the present session of congress. The Secretary of War has directed, that ten companies of artillery be station ed at Fortress Monroe (Old Point Com fort) to he organized as a regiment, un der the command of Col. J. R. Fenwick to be called the “Artillery Corps for In struction.” rllUJI Trlis .MOBILE IIESIST.aH. “ WITH ERF 0 R.D, THE PROPHET.’" | This celebrated Savage Warrior is at length van quished ; the destroyer is conquered; the hand which so profusely dealt death and desolation a mong “ the whites,” is now motionless. He died at his late residence near Montpelier, in this state, on the 9th inst. His deeds of war are well known to the early settlers in South Alabama, and will be remembered by them while they live, and be talk ed of with horror by generations yet unborn, but his dauntless spirit has taken its flight; “he has gone to the land of his fathers.” “Billy Witherford,” denominated “the pro phet,” was about one fourth Indian, (some say “a half breed”) his ancestry on the white side, having been Scottish. It has been said that he boasted o: having “no yankee (meaning American) blood ir his veins.” This ferocious Chief, led the hostile Indians tc the attack upon Fort Mims, (at Tensa) on the 30tl of Aug’ust, 1813, which resulted in the indiscrimi nate and shocking massacr of men, women am children, to the number of near four hundred. He was also a leader (associated with the Prophet: Francis and Sinquister,) at the battle fought on the 23d December following-, at Ecchenachaca, or the “ Holy Ground,” which had been considered bj them, inaccesible to their enemies, and “ the grave of white men ;” but it proved a fatal delusion.— His party suffered great doss of warriors, and al tiie provisions, munitions of war, &c. deposited a this place of imaginary safety, being as they sup. posed, rendered secure by the influence of sonic supernatural agency. It is stated, that after being “saturated with the blood of Americans, and witnessing the almost to tal extinction of his own tribe, he voluntarily ant dauntlessly flung’ himself into the hands of Gen. Jackson and demanded his protection.” He r said on surrendering himself, to have made the fol lowing- speech to the General, which looks very lit. tie like claiming protection. It displays a spirit which would have done credit to Napoleon under similar circumstances, after the battle of Waterloo: “ I am in your power; do with me as you please. I am a soldier, i have done the white people all the harm I coull; I have fought them bravely : If I had an army I would yet fight, and contend to the last; but! have none ; my people are all gone I can now d> no more than weep over the misfor tunes of iry nation. Once I could animate my warriors te battle ; but I cannot animate the dead. My warrors can no long-er hear my voice: their bones ah at Talladega, Tallushatch.ee, Emauckfau, and Tdiopeka. I have not surrendered myself thoughlessly. While there were chances of suc cess, J never left my post, nor supplicated peace. But ny people are gone, and I now ask it for my natioi and for myself. On the miseries and mis fortmes brought upon my country, I look back the Vvjti deepest sorrow, and wish to avert still greater calimities. Ix I had been left to contend with the Georg-ia army, I would have raised my corn on one bank of the river, and fought them on the other, bat your people have destroyed my nation. You are a brave man ; I rely upon your generosity. You ivdl exact no forms of a conquered people, butjgili as they should accede to; whatever they m*, ! would now madness and folly to oppose. If 1 they are opposed, you shall find me among the sternest enforcers of obedience. Those who would still , hold out, can be influenced only by a mean spint of levenge; and to this they must not, and shall not sacrifice the last remnant of their country; 1 ou have told us where we might go, and be safe. . 1S a g’ood talk> and my nation ought to listen to it. They shall listen to it.55 It is due to the relatives of this distinguished bar barian to say, that they were generally friendly to 1^es’ C0^the United States.,) many of whom rendered valuable services to us, while exposed to tne combined hostilities of both red and -white Sa vages. riOM THE LEEDS, (mg.) ISTTELTJGEXCEH. . ^s^on^ling accumulation of value from ra-w mate \ia s. I here is an instance hitherto unnoticed m t le annals of English industry, where, by the rnanu actuiei, an article is raised in price from one. -u i penny to the amount of thirty-five thousand guineas . This takes place in the making of watch springs. A pound of crude iron costs a half penny, C'°llvepted dl(:0 steel, that steel is made into wtc springs, every one of which is sold for half a guinea, and weighs only the tenth of a grain ; after -ronn ^ WaSte’ there are in a pound weight ^ J S’rams’ ^ therefore affords steel for 70,000 “ spnngs, the value of which, at half a guinea each, is thirty-five thousand guineas. In a iate debate in the British House the. ]°mmons’ Mr. Brougham alluded to f . ast apnual Message of the President • 16 l]lte^ States, and said, “that, sir, w man y and intelligible speech; that ocument describes the policy of a wise ^ov e.nment in a manner worthy of a free • f, llu ePcndent people. May no mean J a ousy prevent us from following where jB1'^U ^ave been our praise to lead ; ’ ,as tley have the glory, let us have s iare ot the advantage ; let us join a n ti ret P,e°pie; let us hold to free insti f. 'Tn.j ’ et us aid other freemen, who, Mitt )l erty’s Sakej seek to put bounds to inp- nil a”l*e °*. desPotst who, after subdu temnt t° ler reemen, would certainly at tempt to conquer us1” n^JosEPH Watson has been elected Mayor \\r e Philadelphia, vice Robert inc Who has resigned, after serv timp 16 *n that capacity, at different twek’ Wlth great ficJelitv, for more than twelve years, ° ’