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One copy, one year ..... $ 2 00 Ten copies, one year... ....... ......... 17 50 Twenty copies, one year.......-......... 30 00 An additional copy, free of charge, to the getter-op of a club of ten or twenty. As we are compelled by liw to pay postage in adrance on papers lent outside of Ohio cosnty, we are forced to require payment on subscriptions In adrance. All papers will be promptly stopped at the expiration of the time subscribed for. Alt letters on business mast be addressed to Jbo. P. BiaaKTT & Co., Pnblishrrs. THE KEXTCCKT CLIITS. The fist number of the Rittnlde Wetklg eon taint a beautiful poem nnder the above title, contributed by Frankfort's fair and gifted daughter, Mrs. J. C. Moetoit. We reproduce the concluding stanxas, and pronounce them as exquisite a bit of word-painting as we have come acrcis In many days. Ed. Hesald. With portals wide, and towers strong, 'Neath vaulted roofs of blue, With aisles and pavements broad and long, All spanned by arches true, With whispering founts, translucent springs, Wildernesses, grottoes, groves, (Where music like a choir rings, Or like a spirit roves.) Here tun and moon, like Incense bowls Of gold and silver swing In clouds of mist and purple, rolls O'er them from spring to spring; As lifted altars in the air Thus smoke tbey morn and eve, With fragrant offerings fresh end fair That flock nor brood bereave. Not overwrlt with hieroglyphs, Their pilars, arches, towers, Like gods of old, speak these grand cliffs, Thro' wood nymphs, birds and flowers; These may arrest adoring eyes, These beauties rich and rare. With human art 'neath atanger skies They stand without compare. Tbey shade and shield their valleys deep, Teat smile in fruity bloom, Nor crater winds like storm-birds sweep Their fairness into gloom; Here no voleanie snows or rime, No icy blasts or breete, But laughing towns and cities climb Like children to their knees. Their guards are only peaceful streams In silver armor dressed, Their pass-words are but life's sweet hymns, Waved o'er the river's breast; In proud barbaric strength, and grand, Tbey bear themselves along. Above Time's all-destroying hand, 'Bore reach of art or song. JOHN CABELL BRECKINRIDGE. Watteron'ft Eulogy- oe the Dead Hero A. Uriel Sketch ofllls Lire and Public Scrrlccs The Fu neral Pageant. Courier-Journal, 18th Oar Bead Hero. Gen. John C. Breckinridge is dead. After a long and painful illness, lie expir ed yesterday surrounded by relatives and (Heads who gathered about the cb amber of death to soothe with tbe consolations of love the dying hour of one of the Do ttiest and most heroic of the sons of men. A sketch of his life and public services ire give eleewhere; but 00 mere sketch can be adequate to convey a full idea of the genius and character of the great Kentuckian who has just passed away from earth. The more private incidents of his career which are. now crowding in mournful procession upon the mind-of those who were most intimately associat ed with him during his stormy And even t sful life illustrate more vividly than public acts the elements of that singularly noble and generous character which is now committed to tbe judgment of history and posterity. It is the motive always that imparts the color to the deed, and if the impulses which prompted every step of the departed statesman andiBoldier were disclosed by those w'lOin he admitted to tiis confidence, the world would then, and then only, appreciate the virtue and value of that chivalric soul that yesterday took its eternal flight from earth. It is with a mournful tenderness that we recall the familiar traces of those strikingly handsome and expressive fea lures which marked him as one of the most commanding of men. We dwell . -with affectionate feelings upon the strong And noble face, the furrows of the cheek, the clear cut lines of the mouth, the large and eloquent eyes, as the portrait bends down upon us from the gallery of mem ory. And as we are reminded that the picture has vanished from the real world, that the imposing form has passed from ' os forever into the ruin of decay, we are filled with a60rrow that almost disquali fies us for tbe work of sketching a charac ter eo exajted and of embalming a mem ory eo majestic. In disposition be was as gentle and ten-' der as a child. Neither penury not afflic tion, nor disappointment, nor abuse, nor Eroscription, nor neglect, could disturb is sedate and equable temper. Just as it vas when he presided over the Senate as the most popular Vice President of the United States, it remained when he bad returned from exile, reduced in fortune, with all his early hopes stacked in defeat, and with all his early aspirations lading before the darkness of an august calatn- John C .Breckinridge was not without ambition, but it was not tbe ambition that Bought the monument for the monument's sake. It was tbe sublime aspiration oi a generous mind which possessed faculties transcending all professional limitations. and which pined only for wider fields of nsciuiness and nobler theaters or action. Enthusiastically nominated for President against his earnest protest by tbe Baltimore-Convention, but appreciating the peril to his country, which he foresaw would result from a division in the Dem ocratic party, he commissioned a friend to visit Mr. Douglas and suggest that both withdraw from the contest that a com promise candidate might be selected who would be able to restore harmony and in Toke peace. He was always the master and not the slave of that love of fame which Milton tells us is "the sublime in firmity of noble minds.'' "He tasted of the cup of Circe, but he was fascinated by its sweetness." lie subordinated everv aspiration to duty, and obeyed its calf. whether it directed him along the flowery pallia ot successful enterprise or over for bidding walks which led him only to pen ury and persecution. We see him. one of the most graceful and powerful orators of tbe Senate, with the dazzling splendor of an almost unparallelled career before him, turning with disdain from the troph ies oQered by a new and triumphant party, ar,d preferring to cast bis lot with a cause consecrated by ins conviction and fallow ed by his love ofrisbt. but which, with prophetic vision, he early saw could only j . . t m " rewaru mm witn me pains and 01 pen alties proscription. He was devoted to the old flag, but he refused, in the presence cf tbe assembled Senate "to follow it over the ruins of tbe Constitution." He scorned alike the gold and tbe elephants ofPvR- BBCS. It is only in such conflicts of duty with ambition that true heroism is manifested and tbe nobleness of a great nature dis closed. It 19 easy to follow duty when THE ' VOL. 1. aspiration points in the same direction, but when the hour of sacrifice comes; when danger and darkness gather about the former, and the promises of glory are linked with the latter, it is then that true courage is evinced and true heroism as serts its ascendency. It is tbe firm but fatal step of the martyr who takes his po sition at the stake and stands undaunted when faggots are piled around him, and the crackling flames separate the flesh from the soul which soars away, too great and noble for its tenement of clay. A philosophic historian, in exploring the records of men, has remarked that there are few characters which have stood the closest scrutiny and tbe severest tests, which have been tried in the furnace and have proved pure; which have been weigh ed in the ballance and not found wanting; which have been declared sterling by the general consent of mankind, and which are visibly stamped with the image and superscription of the Most High 1 But when some future Macaulat shall nar rate the events of our bloody drama, and produce the portraits of those who were its most conspicuous actors, be will find indelibly stamped upon the character of Breckinridge both the image and the superscription of God. His mind was one of those rare gifts of nature which is capable of contracting Itself to the humblest duties or of expand ing itself to the highest requirements of human effort We see him, the leader of a'great party, condescending to become tbe commander ot a smalt brigade, and declaring that he was ready to shoulder his musket with his sons and become a private in tbe ranks of an army which he subsequently commanded. Alter having been Secretary of War and directing tbe movements of all the armies of a Confed eracy that thundered for four years for peace at the gates ortlie .North, and more than once lighted its camp-fires in the foreground of Washington, he offers bis services to the sheriff of Fayette county to put down the petty disorders of a pre cinct. But he was greatest on the greatest oc casions. In the council at Charlotte Courthouse, which determined upon the surrender of the slouched and dispirited remnant of a once powerful army, as well as on the bed of death, he still possessed the stoutest heait and the most inflexible courage. Since the war he has shunned politics and avoided all expressions which micht ausment the burdens of a people in defence of whom he had fought and for whom he had shown his wi llincness to die. He readily distinguished what was accidental and transitory in politics from what was immutable and essential, and, while ready to adjust old institutions to a new state of society, despised that vulgar herd who are always willing to barter the most sacred principles of human lib erty for the mere pittance of temporary success. He preserved throughout the whiteness of his soul, and pursued a course which showed him as great in defeat as in victory, as noble in neglect as in the most elevated station. His was the most daunt less spirit in the chamber of death. When physicians were bending with heavy hearts over his emaciated and broken form: when relations and friends were choked with sobs and convulsed with the agony of eo great a loss; when there were hurrying to and fro and tremblings of dis tress, he alone was calm and resolute. He died as he had lived, the same intrepid and imperial spirit, conquering first the adverse agents of fortune, and at last dis arming death of its terrors. Now be lies in Lexington, eo cold and still, the ruins of the noblest man to whom Kentucky has ever yet given birth. Hut what shall we say of a mind so gifted and a genius so commanding? As a reasoner and a logician he was the equal of any adversary of his time. Asarhe- loncian ana an orator ne was peruaps me superior. But he never allowed tbe lat ter to overshadow the former, in parts of hia best arguments in the Senate, dur ing which his feelings were excited bv conflict, he finds vent for bursts of patri otic and poetic rapture, but he was tbe master and not the slave of his emotions. Tbe vital imagery which adorned his speeches never impaired their strength or obscured the clear common sense on which they were based. He was massive without being heavy, and graceful with out being weak. He who reads bis speech on the removal of the Senate from the old chamber to the new, and bis re ply to Andy Johnson- just previous to his withdrawal from the Senate, will find an illustration of what we say. The one "Would save mauetjmutilian stare ana gasp, the other would have captivated and con vinced a bench of august judges. He was not only a statesman and an orator, be was also a soldier. His was the mind to grasp extensive military plans, and his was the courage to execute them with a calm and noble valor. "If I had an army' said Gen. Lee, "I would at once put it under his command." We have j . 1, .. . , inueeu ineu 10 recall a character in His tory which ws might compare with his own. Hut we have failed. He combin ed so many of the best qualities of the great and good who lived and died before bim, that we can not, without difficulty, fit his genius to the mold of any one. He had the valor and enercv of Hampden, the ardent public spirit of SruNEV. the dis cernment and eloquence of Burke, the hu manity and moderation of Lee! And when tbe youth of Kentucky, in some fu ture peril of their country, shall wish to gather strength and derive a lesson from the lives ot tbe immortal martyrs or hu man freedom, they can resort to the spot consecrated by the ashes of Kentucky's greatest son, and breathing an atmosphere still instinct with the spirit of the depart ed hero, their hearts will beat with a warper love of liberty and their souls be enkindled by a new and more glowing in spiration. Biographical Kketcli. John Cabell Breckinridge, Senator and Vice President of the United States. Major General and Secretary of War of the Confederate States, was born in Lex ington, Kentucky, January 16, 1821. He was the only son of J. Cabell Breckinridge, adistinguished lawyer and politician, who, at tbe early age of twenty-nine, had twice been Speaker of the Kentucky House of .Representatives, and secretary or State three years before bia death, which oc curred in his thirty-sixth year. He was the grandson of John Breckinridge, the statesman, who died at forty-five, having twice been Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives, United States Senator, and Attorney General of the United States in the Cabinet of Thomas Jefferson; and HARTFORD HERALD. COME, THE HERALD OF A NOISY WORLD, THE NEWS OF ALL NATIONS LUMBERING AT MY BACK" HARTFORD, OHIO COUNTY, KY was known as the author and advocate of the "Resolutions of 179S-99" in tbe Vir ginia Legislature. General Breckin ridge graduated at Center College, Danville, Ky., in September, 1839. He studied law at the Transylvania Institute, and, after being admitted to the bar, re moved to Burlington, Iowa, where he practiced his profession. II e soon return ed to Kentucky, however, married Miss Mary Burch, of Georgetown, and made Lexington his home for the remainder of his life. Toward the close of the war with Mexico, in 1847, he entered the military service of the United States, and was elect ed major of the Third regiment of Ken tucky volunteers. Tbe regiment was mus tered late, so that he had but little oppori tunity for active service. When on duty fn Mexico, however, he was employed as counsel of General Pillow in the series of singular prosecutions between that officer and his associates and superiors. . niS ENTRANCE INTO POLITICS. Shortly after his return in 1849; he was elected as a Democrat to the House of Rep resentatives from Fayette county. This was his introduction into political life, and in this capacity he was first given oppor tunity to exhibit his powers as a debater, lie rapidly rose to National distinction. In 185 1. he was elected to the Federal Con gress from the Ashlanddistrict, (the "Clay, district"), after an exciting contest, over General Leslie Combs. The district was Whig, and General Combs the devoted friend of Henry Clay. In 1853 he was re-elected, defeating ex-Gov. Robert P. Letcher, whom the opposition put forward as their strongest man. The struggle in this canvass was violent and protracted, yet his remarkable vigor and perseverance, together with the popular admiration for his abilities, overcame all obstacles. HIS CAREER IN CONGRESS. It was not long before the name of Breckinridge was in the mouths, so to speak, of all reading people. His notable encounter with the "Democratic Review" first brought bim into prominent notice. On the 29th of Jtyie, 1852, the great soul of Henry Clay took its flight from earth, and on tbe succeeding day Breckinridge introduced in the House the resolutions of respect to the memory of the great Com moner, accompanied by an eulogy of the character and virtues of the dead states man unsurpassed for the pathetic beauty of its sentiments. He laid the fullness of his young and high-beating heart on the grave of Clay. Standing in the presence of tbe august dead, with all the memories of its past about him, "the mere legerdemain of politics" appeared contemptible to him. What a reproach was Clay's life on the false policy which would trifle with a great and upright people. "If I were to write his epitaph," said Breckinridge, "I would inscribe, as the highest eulogy, on the stone which shall mark his jesting place, 'Here lies a man who was in the public service for fifty years, and never attempt ed to deceive his countrymen.' " Though he did not seek to be constant ly before the House, he took a very dis tinguished position, and often in debate was sharp and effective. Mr. Giddings, of Ohio, on tbe 16th of March, 1852, while discussing the Com promise Measures and Fugitive Slave Law, denied that the Federal Govamment bad power to pass laws "by which to com pel our officers and people to seize and carrv back fugitive slaves." Mr. Breck inriige briefly pushed him into an enun ciation of his most extreme doctrines, and then said, "Against the impotent ravings of his baffled fanaticism I place the plain words of the Constitution. To his coarse and offensive language I have no reply." With the debate on the Nebraska bill, Gen. Breckinridge's name is intimately woven. It was during this discussion that his difficulty with Hon. Francis B Cut ting of Xew York took place. On the 21st of March. Mr. Richardson, desiring to reach the Nebraska bill, heretofore re ported by him, moved the House to go into tbe Committee of the Whole on the Stale of the Union. After some slight discussion, the motion was lost. Having proceeded with the business on the Speak er's table, several small bills were taken up and referred, and the Nebraska bill reached by title. Much feeling was man ifested, and all seemed to regard this as a crisis. Mr. Richardson and Mr. Cutting rose together. The former moved to re fer to the Committee on Territories; the latter moved to refer to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. The Speaker recognized the member from Illinois, and the member from New York raised a point of order! Ricbaidson said his purpose was to amend the bill, and that Cutting's course would kill it . Mr. Cutting persisted in his motion, and sup ported it by a speech, disclaiming any dis respect to Mr. Richardson as Chairman of tbe Committee on Territories, and sta ting that it was understood that that com mittee had already discussed and elabora ted tbe subject. He was opposed to put ting it again through the circuitous mode ol referring it to them, and having it on the Speaker's table as it was to-day. The North was in a state of civil insurrection since the introduction of the bill; and he thought it was a time, not for parliament ary tactics, which give rise to suspicion, but for full, frank and manly discussion. He was in vain appealed to; lie would not withdraw; and, his motion being passed, he clinched the vote by moving to recon sider, and then laying the motion on the table. Mr. Millson, of Virginia, having brought up the Nebraska matter in a dis cussion on the Indian appropriation bill, on tbe 23d, was followed by Mr. Hunt, of Louisiana, "two enemies of the bill" hav ing precipitated the debate on the House. Gen. Breckinridge entered the lists in a memorable speech, in which he strongly stigmatized the course of Mr. Cutting. 'The gentleman may be for tbe bill, he said, "but his voice is that of an enemy." He warned the friends of the measure from following the member from New York, whose course would kill it; and pre ferred to have a score of open enemies than 3 professed friend who struck in the manner he did. On the 27th, Mr. Cutting replied at great length to the imputations thrown out by Mr. Breckinridge, when, the latter retorting, a scene of great excitement took place. The difficulty was carried out of the House, and for some days public cu riosity was aroused at tbe prospect of a duel, the preparatory steps for such a set tlement having been taken. A note from Mr. Cutting called upon Gen. Breckin ridge to "retract the assertion (Breckin ridge had charged Cutting with saying what was false), or make the explanation due from one gentleman to another." This was understood to be a challenge, and Gen. Breckinridge named rifles at six ty paces. Col. Monroe, the friend of Cut ting, claimed that the latter was the chal lenged partv, and insisted upon pistols at ten paces. This involved a disp-te as to. winch was the challenged party, Jnd led to a declaration by Cutting that his first note (several had passed) was not a chal lenge. On the 31st, Gen. Preston inform ed the House that Mr. Cutting had left the matter in the hands of Colonel Mon roe, of New York, and General Shields, United States Senator from Illinois, and Gen. Breckinridge had referred to Colonel Hawkins, of Kentucky, and himself (Gen. P.); and he was authorized to state that a settlement had been effected mu tually satisfactory and honorable to both Earties. On the pa;to; fcoth gentlemen e also offered n apology for any viola tion of the rules of the House which had taken place in the excitement of debate. In -Mr. .Breckinridge's, speech of 'the 23d, he declared himself in favor of a perfect nonintervention, and said that he would not vote for the bill if it proposed to legislate slavery into Nebraska and Kansas. "The right to establish," said he, "involves the correlative right to pro hibit; and, denying botb, I would vote for neither. I go further, and express tbe opinion that a clause legislating slavery into those Territories would not com mand one Southern vote in this House." Alluding to the restriction of 1820, and its inconsistency with the Compromise of 1850, he said' the effect or the repeal of the former was "neither to establish nor to exclude, but to leave the future condi tion of the Territories dependent wholly upon the action of the inhabitants, sub ject only to such limitations as the Feder al Constitution impose.'' "Sir," he said in continuation, "I care noth ing about refined distinctions or the subtleties of verbal criticism. I repeat the broad and plain proposition that if Congress may inter vene on this subject it may intervene on any other; and having thus surrendeied the princi ple and broken away frod constitutional lim itations, you are driven into the very lap of ar bitrary power. By this doctrine yon may erect a despotism under the American system. Tbe whole theory is a libel on our institutions. It carries us bark to tbe abhorent principles of British colonial authority, against which we made tbe issue of independence. I have never acquiesced in this odious claim, and will not be lieve that it can abide the test of public scru. tiny." In recognition of Ihe young Kentuck ian's identification with the views of tbe Administration, President Pierce tendered to him the mission to Spain; but the hon or was respectfully declined, family mat ters compelling this course. HIS NOMINATION FOR VICE PRESIDENT. ne was a delegate to the Cincinnati Convention in June, 1856. After the nomination of Buchanan for the Presi dency, several names were offered for the second office among others that of John C. Breckinridge, proposed by the Louisi ana delegation, through Gen. J. L. Lewis. Acknowledging the fluttering manifesta tion of good will, Mr. Breckinridge begged that bis name would be withdrawn. On the first ballot, however, the Vermont del egation, through Mr. Smally, believing that no Democrat has a rizht'to refuse his services when his country calls, cast its five votes for Breckinridge. Many other States followed, and of the total be receiv ed fiftyone votes, second on the list, and only eight under the first General Quit man. On the second ballot, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont led off for BreckinridgeiMassacbusetts followed with eleven out of thirteen votes; Rhode Island followed with her four; then the New York "Softs" gave him eighteen. Dela ware, Maryland and Virginia voting in the same way, it became obvious that he was tbe choice of the body; and though several of the remaining States voied for other candidates, they quickly, one by one, changed their votes, the several delegates making neat and appropriate speeches in announcing the change. The names of other candidates were withdrawn, and the whole poll went for John C Breckinridge, at which the Convention rose, and with waving of handkerchiefs and the loudest vocal demonstrations directed its atten tion upon the tall and graceful delegate from Kentucky, who had been so unex pectedly nominated for so exalted a post. It was long before the demonstrations subsided so as to allow a word to be heard. At last the commanding figure of Breck inridge stood fronting the mighty triumph. It certainly was a time to try a young man. He spoke briefly and becomingly. The resultjust announced was unexpected, and his profound gratitude was without words. He gave the convention the simple thanks of" a true heart; and.expressing his appre ciation of their first choice, and linking his bumble name with that of the statesman of Pennsylvania, cordially endorsed the platform, and sat down amid the booming of cannon and the vociferous applause of the multitude outside breakingin upon and almost overpowering the loud cheers with in the hall. Three days after this exciting and grat ifying scene, his neighbors gathered to congratulate him in Lexington, and he then, in an address to them, reiterated the views of his Nebraska-Kansas speech and the platform upon which be was placed before the people. Said be: The whole powerof the Democratic organiza tion is pledged to the following propositions: That Congress shall not interpose upon this sub ject in tbo States, in the territories, or in the District of Columbia; tbat the people of each territory shall determine the question for them selves, and be admitted into the Union on a footing of perfect equality with the original Stated, without discrimination on account of the allowance or prohibition of slavery. He was elected Vice President, having received 173 votes, being 50 over William L. Dayton, the Republican Candidate for the same office. Thus at the age of thirty-five, be bad served his country abroad, had been a legislator in his State and in the National Legislature, had been ten dered the representation of the' republic in Europe, and elevated to the second of fice in the gift of the people. Truly might the lines of the poet be applied to him: He is almost sunk Beneath the weight of trusts and offices Not merely oSer'd, but imposed upon Mm. As President of the United States Sen ate, he took the chair of that eminent body early in the first session of the Tnirty-fifth Congress, December, 1857, and, with some intermission, caused by the illness of bis family, presided during that stormy session. In the great struggle in Illinois between Senator Douglas and tbe Republicans and scceders from the Democracy, the .Vice MAY 26, 1875. President sympathized with the former Though he did not indorse the course of Senator Douglas in the session of Con gress then recently closed, on the Lecomp ton question, he sympathized with him. and desiied his success, "being the leader 01 the Democracy of Illinois in their pres ent fight against the Republicans." On the removal of tbe Senate from the old and time-honored chamber, which had been the scene of so many great events of American history, to the new one, the Vice President made a feeling address. He gave an historical outline of tbe exigencies 10 which Congress was put in its early days holding its sessions, as the chances of war required, at Phila delphia, Baltimore, Lancaster, Annapo lis and Yorktown, and, during the period between the conclusion of peace andlthe. establishment of the present Government, at Princeton, Annapolis, Trenton and New York. He followed with a history bflhe choice of the present locality, the foundation of the cily, the building of the Capitol, and the onward career of our leg islature, with suggestive memorials of the great men who had made the place they were leaving immortal. It was a chaste and suitable farewell to the old chamber. THE ADVENT OF CIVIL WAR. He was nominated for the Presidency in 1860 by the Southern Democrats, after tbey had seceded from the convention which nominated Stephen A. Douglas as a Union Democrat He had two other competitors John Bell and Abraham Lincoln. He reeeived seventy-two elec toral votes, Lincoln received one hundred and eighty. Bell thirty-nine, and Douglas twelve. All tbe Southern States except Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mis souri, voted for Breckinridge. Before the expiration of his term of service as Vice President, the Kentucky Legislature elec ted him United States Senator to succeed Mr. Crittenden, for six years, from March 4th,18Gl. Civil war was then impending. While he presided in the Senate he had seen not alone the withdrawal of the Sen ators from the cotton States, but noted the harsh action of the Northern Sena tors towards their Southern colleagues. But, impressed with the magnitude ot the bitter struggle it would cause if all were submitted to the arbitrament of the sword, he strove most earnestly to secure by peaceable means the rights denied that section. He labored in the Senate and among his own people to avert the disas ter of the war. As long us there was hope of peace with honor, he bent his energies to secure it. As long as it was a politi cal question, he treated it as a political question. But when it became evident that the North could be satisfied only by the subjection of the South, he quitted the Senate, and took up the sword. He was expelled from the body over which he presided December 2, 1861, by tbe fol lowing resolutions: Whekcas, John C. Breckinridge, a member of this body, is now in arms against the Gov ernment he had sworn to support; therefore, Jlenhtd, That the traitor, Breckinridge, be expelled. nts SERVICE IN Tns CONFEDERACY. He at once came to Kentucky. Pro ceeding by private conveyance from Georgetown to Nashville, and thence to Bowling Green, he issued an address on Oct. 8, 1861, in which he reviewed the events which had culminated in the con dition of things then existing He an nounced his purpose of appealing to the sword, resigned his commission as United States Senator to the peopleof Kentucky refusing to recognize a Legislature over awed by bayonets and called on Ken tuckians to make common cause with the South. He was appointed a Brigadier General in the Confederate Stales army, and at once placed by General Albert Sid ney Johnston in command of a brigade at Bowling Green. When the army fell back, Gen. Breckinridge's command form ed a part of the forces which made the wonderful retreat to Corinth, Mississippi. At Sbiloh, in the critical charge when General Job ns ton Jos t his life, General Breckinridge was in command of tbe re serve corps, and General Johnston and General Breckinridge led the charge to gether. He was called upon to cover the retreat of the army, a duty which was skillfully and efficiently executed, and the same service was repeated when the Confederates evacuated Corinth. Breck inridge had now been promoted Major General, and commanded a division. In June, 1862, he was ordered to Vicksburg, and with his troops, in connection with Gen. Van Dorn and Gen. Smith, success fully resisted that memorable bombard ment, which was continued incessantly through the month of July. Gereral Breckinridge was next ordered to take Baton Rouge, which was then occupied by the Federals. Although greatly out numbered, he drove the enemy from his camp, which he destroyed, and forced them to take shelter under cover of their gunboats. The Confederate ram Arkan sas was to co-operate in this attack, but the disaster which destroyed it rendered further operations by the land forces im practicable, and the Confederates retired unmolested. On August 17, 1862, Gen. Breckinridge took possession of Port Hud son, and discovering its military strength, urged its dafense as very important to the policy of holding the Mississippi river. Acting upon positive orders, General Breckinridge, with his gallant Kentucky brigade (which followed his leadership throughout the war) and some Tennessee troops niarched to the succor of Gen. Bragg, who was then in Kentucky; but, before reaching Cumberland Gap, a com munication from Gen. Bragg announced his abandonment of Kentucky. At the battle of Murfreesboro, January 2, follow ing, Gen. Breckinridge, acting under or ders, attacked an almost impregnable po sition of the enemy, losing 1,700 men out of less than 7,000. Nevertheless, upon his command again devolved the arduous duty ot covering the retreat of Bragg'a broken army. He continued with the Army of the Tennessee until May 25, 1863. when he was ordered to join Gen. Jos. E. Johnston in Mississippi It was his com mand which repelled the assault of the enemy on Jackson, Miss., July 17, 1863. shortly afterward, he again returned to Bragg s command, participated in the bat tic of the Chickamauga. and led a corps at the engagement of Missionary Ridge, which was fought December 25, 1803. After consultation with President .Davis, he was ordered to Southwest Virginia, and assumed command March 3, 18(34. While engaged on duty in his department, he was suddenly called upon by General Lee to march with all his available force to Staunton and the Shenandoah Valley, NO. 21. to check the movements of Gen. Franz Sigel. On May 15 he attacked the forces orthat General at New Market and routed him altera brilliant engagement. The Federals were driven in full retreat to Winchester, but rendered pursuit Impos sible by burning the bridges in their rear. Gen. Lee sent Breckinrige a congratula tory dispatch and an oader to join him forthwith at Hanover Junction. The or der was promptly obeyed, and Gen, Breck inridge's forces protected the rear of Lee's army and his line of communication when Sheridan made his great raid. He remained with Gen. Lee's army, and bore a conspicuous prat in the battle of Cold Harbor, fought June 2, 1864. where the Fedeial array was repulsed with ereai loss. Subsequently, in cor.innction with Gen-Ju4aHlycTnltettJen JJavIdT Hunter in his attempt to capture Lynch burg, and pursued tbat officer into the mountains. Gen. Breckinridge V troops were then incorporated with Gen. Early's, and he was placed in commandof acorpa They next prepared lor operations hi Maryland, Virginia and the District of Columbia, and on June 22 they took upa line of march. On July 3 1864, Breck inridge's command captured Martinsburg. On July 5, the whole army crossed the Potomac at Shepherdstown. On July 9 Gen Breckinridge defeated Gen. Lew. Wallace at Monocacy, which left the way open to Washington. On the 11th the Confederates reached Silver Spring, only six miles from that city, and within sight ot the dome of tbe capitol. Skirmishing occurred the next day; but thatnightGen. Early, for prudential reasons, ordered a retreat, re-crossing the Potomac at Ed wards' ferry, the night oftbe 13tb. Gen. Breckinridge remained in the valley, par ticipating in the serious engagements there fought. A few days after tbe battle of Wirchester, he received orders from Richmond to return to Southwest Vir ginia, which he did in time to repel the Federal forces operating in that quarter under Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge. He continued in command of this department .!! T- I J atp 1 , . - unui reoruary t, 1000, wnen ne was ap pointed Secretary of War, to succeed Hon. James A SedJon, and was thus engaged at the close of the war. BE GOES ABROAD. After the fall of Richmond and the col lapse of the Confederacy, Gen. Breckin ridge made his way to Florida, in com pany with Colonel Wilson, the Inspector General of his staff. Here they met Co lonel Taylor Wood, brother-in-law of Jefferson Davis, who proposed they go to Cuba. The suggestion was adopted. A skiff seventeen feet long, was obtained, and two Confederate soldiers consented to undertake the voyage in their company. They coasted along the Florida shore to Key West, living on turtle eggs the while, and then made directly for Cuba. They landed at Cardenas, sixty miles from Ha vana. After remaining here a short time. General Breckinridge proceeded to Eng land, and from thence to France, where he took up h'w sojourn. In I860 be made a tour of Europe, and after a year's resi dence in Canada, returned to Lexington, his home, in 1868. Avoiding all politi cal complications, he devoted himself ex clusively to his profession and to his bus iness engagements as Vice President of the Elizabethtown, Lexington and Big Sandy railroad. He was in comparative ly comfortable circumstances, pecuniarily, at the time of his death. He was pa sessed of a considerable tract of land in the Northwest, which he had purchased Erevious to the war. thinking that it might ecome valuable during the lifetime ol his children. His most noted profession al engagement since the war was that in which he was retained as attorney for the Cincinnati Southern Railroad Company. It was in behalf of this corporation that he appeared before the Railroad Commit tee of the Kentucky Legislature, in 1870. All of General Breckinridge's children survive him three sons and two daugh ters named respectively John Cabell, Clifton, Owen County, Fannie, and Mary. He named his third son ' Owen County" out of gratitude to that county forthe very large majority it gave him over Governor Letcher in his Congressional race of 1853. He was a Thirty-third degree Mason the highest degree in that order and the fraternity everywhere with pride al lude to his membership as one oi tbe most eminent exemplars of its dignity and phi lanthropy. General Breckenridge was an ardent member of the Kentucky Turf Association, and up to tbe 11th inst., the date of the annual election of officers, was its honest President. He was very fond of horses, and it was told as a frequent remark of his when a member of Con gress, that his highest ambition was to own 300 acres of bluegrass land, and to devote his time to the rearing of fine stock. Though he was never known to lay wagers upon a race, or, indeed, to gamble in any manner, he ever took a warm interest in the sports of the course. Such are, without detail and in their own order, the bare events which have composed the public career of John C. Breckinridge. A conspicuous young of ficer at six and twenty, a Congressman at thirty, Vice President at thirty-six, a brilliant General and War Secretary when turned of forty, be dies at the early age of forty-four. leaving behind him a name as celebrated and a personality as marked as any in the annals of his country. He was an invalid for nearly two years a combination of disorders affecting the liv er and the lungs, inflicting excruciating bodily torture, which be bore with a for titude bordering on stoicism. Tbe inci dents of his final demise are told by our Lexington correspondent. He died, as he had lived, ljke a man, brave, calm, conscious and self-possessed. Upon the record of such a career, it is needless to dwell upon his amazing popularity, or to doubt that it was based upon merit of the highest type. The funeral. Lexington, May 19. The funeral of General Breckinridge was attended to-day by an immense crowd. The street lead ing to the church and the one meeting it at right angles were jammed with people of all ages, sexes and conditions of life. Vehicles that had brought in numbers of persons from the country crowded closelv on the sidewalk. The tops and windows' or tbe houses were jammed. The proces sion was a long and mournful column, un ostentatious, but imposing and grand. The Masons marched next to the music After the Masons came citizens in carria ges and on foot. After the citizens came the hearse and Dall.bearers. followed mmin by citizens. Then came the ex-Confeder-J ADVERTISING HATE8. One square, one insert 00. U 8 One square, each additional iusertioa-' '1 00 SO One square, one year.. 10 00 SO 00 40 00 60 00 100 00 One-fourth column per year... une-uira column, per year- une nan column, per year une column, one year. Forshorter time, at proportionate rates. One inch of space constitutes a sqnara. Tbe matter of y early advertisements changed QUarterlv free of eharpe. For fnrthmTnTin- lars, addresss Jo.P. Bsrbktta Co., Publishers, ate 'and old Mexican soldiers who had served nnder General Breckinridge in the Mexican and sectional wars. The church was, of course, filled. It was touching to see the crowd that filed, by the coffin to get a last look at the coun tenance which was rigid in death, but wiucii still retained traces ol its noblene and excellence. Whiteandcolored passed by it, looked upon it. and fern would have asked for a hair for memory. The face nan assumed a waxen hue. It was vellow and clammy. The eye that had so often melted in pity at sufferine, or blazed with eloquent indignation at wrong, was closed, and the lips that had so often dropped manna were fixed and compressed. The sable silvered beard was- there still, and UbegrjjMijCfci.uia-lUirwuipTiu f" Grouped "around tbe coffin, besides the I T,r 1 tt : .i o .,AU McCreery and Stevenson, Got. Leslie, Col. Howard Smith. James M. Tate, and oth ers of tbe Sti'te Government, while near or was the Hon. Gee H. Pendleton, of Oil cs who had come to pay his tribute to ols dean friend. Tbe following gentlemen acted as caU- bearers: St. John R. Deshz, tV.C. P. Breckinridge, Maj. John R. Viley, Gen. WilHam. Preston, Maj. Frajk K. Hunt, 3fj. Mac C. Johnson, Geo. Geo. B. Hodge, Hon. James B. Beck, J. StooTdard Jo&nston, Col. Jilsoa P. Johnsoir, air. ueorge uuren, lien. Jas. ir. Kobinsos, Maj. Clint. UcClarty, Judge Hoke, Major Semple, A. Kecne Richards, When the coffin was conducted tctlre cemetery, it is estimated that 20,000 per sons followed1 it. Reaching the cemetery, it was placed in a basin surrounded by s gentle eminence, which was crowded; even the trees were filled with spectators. Then the Knights Templar took charge of the coffin and placed it in'a vault belonging to the Johnson family, with, their Bsoai ceremonies. The crape worn bv the order and by the pall-bearers was laid upon the coffin, and then were placed beside it tbe Sowers by the devoted hands ot woman. Tbe corpse fests now nnder tbe shadow ol the Clay monument, with the stony eyes of the statue gazing down upon the puIsTrs form. Thus passes away one of toe tall spirits of the earth. I learn that he said little just previous to his death, only moving his hands to 1 prese back those who stood1 by his bed, as if hisgreat soul required room for its flight, and his last look was one of polite recog nition to a friend and relative who had just entered to see his eyes assume a glas sy aspect, and then retreat under the film of death. Bis mind was still clear. la this way the great Kentuckian passed over the dark river, bidding adieu to tbe kind. , friendly 6gnre9 that still remained on this side, who, with sobbing hearts and tearful ryes, watched him disappear in tbe dim. distance of the dark unknown. But it is frrquently the case that when genius expires it is filled with familiar scenes and dwells upon the triumphs and glories of fading memory. Jacison. wished to cross the river and rest an der the shade of the trees on the other side's and when Lee raw the dark battalions of death approaching, be felt the need; of those faithful legions who had assailed the heights of Gettysburg, and who Bad? stood as an iron line in defense of Rich mond. His mind wandered back to-bls-tnrttv follower?, and, turning to a.friend, he said, "Send for A. P. HilL" But Breckinridge did not call up the- devoted regiments that had followed bin-Lit was pitiful, indeed) that such. a spirit should leave bis country under? the ban of ruthless and avenging fanaticism, with a resolution of Congress branding his corpse with treason. It is-a cruel' and deadly judgment which convicts-a. man without arraignment and trial;.ittis the fa tal stroke of the adder that givee-na warn ing and shows no mercy. Breckinridge will live in history wbeu the- memory of his persecutors have rotted, and the seeth ing lava of party passion wbich.has awept over his grave will, when cooled by lime, be wrought in images to bis honor. A stranger on reaching the tomn-is- at once filled with the most painful; and somber emotions. The oppressive-quiet that is almost felt in the streets, and: the draperies of gloom that hang from, every window, show tbat the popular heart has been wrung by no ordinary snaring. Every face seems to shed sadness, and yon bad only to run your eyes along the solemn procession tbat conducted the corpse to- tke grave to see stout forms shaken with a storm of sobs and eyes melting with the tenderness of teass. Tbe solemn "Come ye disconsolate" was sung by voices trembling with emotion, the funeral sermon was preached, th eoffio, placed in the hearse, and the black -plumes ot death nodding in the sunlight.. He has been laid in his grave, but the atmos phere seems still instinct with the spirit of the dead statesman, and we feel the presence and power of departed majesty as sensibly as the sentinels ia Hamlet recognized the royal soul of the buried king in the "disembodied spirit tbat dis turbed their vigils and waylaid their beat." The scene is in strange contrast with budding nature, about to assume the freshness and beauty of spring. The imposing form that a few days ago con tained the noblest soul tbat ever breathed the air of Kentucky has been committed to worms that will gnaw it into dust and rudely riot in its rotten sleep. It is a sad commentary upon life and its vanities, and it is a lesson to the am bitious mind storing itself with the choicest resource- ol learning and seeking to grasp the fleeting emblems of temporal great ness But for the Christian faith that stands by the open grave to burst its cerements and declare that there is a resurrection and a life, the untimely marring of such a structure in the vigor of its power would chill all human aspiration and condemn mankind to the degeneracy ol beasts But that almighty instinct of immortality tells us that tbe feverish struggle for the devel opment and enrichment of the mind is not in vain; that the soul unclogged by its tenement of clay can soar with even and unshaken wing to the familiar pres ence of a wisdom which far surpasses all human acquisition and puts to shame all human conceit. His believed tbat Breck inridge died in this conviction, and now, while there is weeping over his corpse, his soul has reached tbe friendly presence of Jackson and Lee, whose noble ghosts rise to greet him. We may even believe that be looks in pity upon this sorrowful -pageant of oe that has to-day filed through the streets of Lexington to pay devotion to the empty casket he has deserted.