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WKONKSDAV, .11'!. Y "a, mil.
THE HARTFORD HERALD VM.K SKVHtf i JACK JOUETT'S E To Save Gov. Jefferson From Capture. A CHAPTER OFTRAGIG HiSTQRY Anent the Early Days Of Our Republic Should Be In teresting To All. A KKXTUCKV HOItSK HIS MOl'XT The average visitor to Montlcello Anils himself more or less familiar with every object to bo seen there, clue to his reading or to what he has heard. Thero Is one thing at Jeffer son's home, however, that rarely falls to mizzle the visitor; and atrntiKely enough, too, because It has perhaps the greatest historical significance of all. It is the tunnel through which Jefferson, then Governor of Virgin ia, crawled on his hands and knees in response to Jack Jouctt's warning and successfully eluded the British t-oldiera who wore after him. The story of Jack Jouett's ride Is not generally known, mid Is rarely If over mentioned In text books or histories. Hut' for the Important happenings connected with It, it possesses .great historical Intei'est, and for thrilling features It equals the wildest flights of fiction. Jouett was directly responsible for prevent ing the capture of the Virginia as sembly and the detainment of many eminent men of that body, and he also enabled Jefferson to escape capture from Tarleton's1 dragoons who had raided Montlcello. Jack Jouett kept the Old Swan Tavern In Charlottesville. He did not attend particularly to business, spending a great deal of his time on his plantation in the neighboring Louisa county and In driving fast horses. Hut the tavern was so ably conducted by his housekeeper that It became fnmous, and the members of the legislature In Albemarle county who lived too far away to ride to the meeting place from their own plantations, always put up there. At the time of the rtde Coruwal lls was ravaging parts of Virginia, and, aided by Tarleton's cavalry, was striking terror Into the hearts of the country people. Because the capital, Richmond, was threatened . bj this force, the assembly hastily adjourned to Charlottesville. Among the distinguished members of the assembly were I'atrlck Henry, Ulch ard Lee, Benjamin Harrison and inany others almost as prominent, whoso capture would have been a severe blow to the nation. Thomas Jefferson was at the tlmo Governor of Virginia, and his term of office expired, four days after his narrow escape from enpture. Jouett was riding to ills planta tion one day when he saw a glint of color through the trees. He cleared the fence and caught sight of a trooper of Tarleton's command. Jou ett drove him to a farm houso and though ho threatened the cavalry man's life, lie could learn only that Tarleton himself was In the neigh borhood. Determined to find out Tarleton's plan", Jouett changed clothes with the dragoon and rode on to the Cuckoo Tavern. Ho arriv ed very Into uml lay down for a row hours' sleep. The nolso ifuulo by Turleton and his men dismounting and entering , awakened Jouett, who slipped out and listened through tho blind to tho conversation carried on by tho officers In tho dining room. In im minent danger of detection, even though protected by a .British uni FAMOUS form, ho listened only long enough to find out that tho British lender Intended to wait for tho rest of tho troops to come up to have brpukfnst and then push on to enpture the niunibors of the assembly, who wore then in session in Chnrlottesvlllo. (f Jouett's horso wus tired from ex ertions of tho day before and so lni decided to tuko a longer but desert ed road In preference to tho Bhort one, us'ho know that tho landlord's ( fresh horses could outdistance him. At ouo placo the new road crossed the old ouo and hero some troopers esplod him, They pursued htm or twenty minutes, but he ondod them and reached Montlcello ut 8 o'clock, lie had made twonty-soven miles In mi hour and three-quartern. In a moment ho had warned Jefferson that tho British were near at hand, obtained a fresh horse and had started on his wny for Charlottes ville. Jouett mude this place his desti nation In order to warn the mem bers of the legislature, who were preparing for au early session. Char lottosvllle bolng only Ave miles from Montlcello, he arrived thero quickly nnil apprised tho legislature of Its Peril. When the British cavalry rode up nt 10 n. in. tho members were on tholr way to Staunton. In tho meantime Jefferson made his historic escape from Montlcello. Ho first Kent his wife and children! away In n carriage to F.dwnrd Car ter's place, which was about six miles dlstnnt. He barely mannirod to loavo the house himself by the underground passagoway before the British dragoons rode up. In tho meantime Jouett hnd rid den Into Chnrlottesvlllo and went directly to his own tavern, where old (ien. Stevens, of the Continental army, was lying wounded. He meant to savu tho old man from capture If possible, and so dressed him In n suit of homespun, put him on Jefferson's horse with the help or a stableman nnd propped him up with sacks of grain. Jouett himself again changed to the continental unirorm, for It was part of his plan to be pursued. The two had ridden only a short way down ' the road, after seeing Jack's tavern burned by the troop ers, when they wore pursued by the British hordes. Jouett waived his hand disdainfully at them which drew their whole attention to him, while (ien. Stevens was left safe by the road. Jouett's fast Kentucky marc speedily outdlstnnced his pur suers and that night ho joined Washington's army. Tho news that Coruwallls was deprived of the ser vices of his cavalry proved of value to the continental leader who short ly afterward penned him up In Yorktown and finally forced his sur render. A complimentary resolution was tendered Jouett by Congress as a re ward for his services and tho Vir ginia assembly, which he had saved from capture, presented him with a sword and a pair of pistols. Jouett was averse to discussing his exploit. anil this Helps to explain why so few books mention him and so few people have ever heard of him. The only monument to this pa triot Is a memorial tablet in the Ked land Club In Charlottesville, which stands on the slto of the old Swan Tavern. v OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO O Till: SIIOItTCAKK. o ooooooooooooooo (By Walt .Mason.) Aunt Julia knows Just whnt will please the masculine -galoot, and from the tall strawberry trees she plucks the crimson fruit. Then In the kitchen she proceeds to mix some kind of dough, that will sup lily all human needs, and banish grief and woe. Her formula?. I know It not sho keeps It 'neath her tile; but oh, her shortcake, steam- inn hot, would make a Tiinon smile! Ol... .11,.! oiiu iiibiiuh u i a gorgeous lump, a chunk the gods might ent, with cream that never knew a pump and sugar that is sweet. At restaurants ami big hotels much shortcake have I bought, nnd drearily the nietn'ry dwells within my dome of thought; thoy use one berry to a cake which berry is a scream and it goes swimming In a lake or blue and ghastly cream. Co, tour the world from Nome to Rome, no shortenkes will you find: such things are only made at home, by aunts of earnest mind. Not all tho skill of learned savants who cook for queens and kings, can tnko tho laurels from our aunts lu berry time, by jlngs. mi S MTTI.K I1ABV HAS XIXH UHAXMMIIKXTS .Mrs Sarah Elizabeth (loblo. Mont clalr, N.J..8S years old, of this town, became a great-great-grandniothor to-day when u son was born to .Mr. nnd .Airs. Jacob I.lchtensteln, of Blooinflold. at the Mountainside Hospltul, where, It was said, both mother and child are doing well. The grandparents of the child, which will bo named Kdward II. Llchtenstoln, are .Mr. and Mrs. Kd ward II. Ackerman, of Montclalr, and tho great-grandparents, Mr. and .Mrs. Isaac A. Uodd, also of this town. 191H, the mother of tho babe was Before her mnrrlngo, in April, Miss Harriot Oreovy Ackeriuan. The child born to-day has living two grandmothers, two great-grandfathers and great-grundmothers and the great-great-grandmother, 11 grand uncles, S grand-aunts and .1 grent- grandiiuiitB. AH of the family llvo lu Montclalr nnd adjacent towns. Ilni'lii-t! Wire Cuts Throat, St, Murys, 0., Juno 27. Barnoy K. Horning, .10 years old, u farmer, wus killed to-day when thrown against n barbed-wire fonco which cut his throat from ear to ear. Ills horse frightened nt an engine, overturning his carriage and pitch ing him fairly on ouo" of the barbs, which burled itself lu his throat, cutting Its wuy entlroly across. He lived au hour after the acci dent. For clMSNjr job prlatius: The Kerald E FLESH IS EATENJN PARIS Thousands Are Butchered Every Year. MANY INDORSE THE PRACTIGE No Tuberculosis Germs and Is Said To Be Supe rior To Beef. IIVUIKXIC AltATTOIKK IX lSK Commander Vachon, of the Eclair, Is an ardent advocate of tho horse meat trado, both from a hu muultnrlau nnd hygienic platform. Ho will always hell) In turning a horse into a sausage or steak rather than see It pass Its declining days lu suffering, and he considers the flesh in many respects more sanltnry than ordinary butcher's meat, principally from the well known immunity of horses from tuberculosis. There Is a great deal, doubtless, to be said lu favor of his theories, and that he Is by no means singular In his fancy is proved by hlppophag ic statistics. There are 000 horso butchers in 1'aris, and in the last three years 184,000 horses have been sacrificed at tho Vauglrard slaughter house. The meat Is sold according to quality nt prices rang ing front 3d. to 7d. a pound for tho prhnest. Tho Intestines are used for making glue, and bones and hoofs fetch about 2s. the 100 pounds. Figures are not given fo'r the sausage trade, and it may bo guessed that n considerable quantity of horse saucngo Is sold under other names without being any worse. Tho eating of horse is as old as the world, and now that every pre caution Is taken, as it is in Purls, to see that no diseased meat ever comes into me murKei, tno Horse, as MORS It is supplanted by the motor in the!E0,,s who are WHK " Pass their streets, may In turn oust the ox from the poor man's table. The fac ulty declare that Its flesh Is Incom parably digestible and Tree rrom many very obnoxious germs, espec ially tho Koch bacillus. Commander cVahong gives an In structive story, beginning with a let ter in which the writer stated that ho had three horses no longer fit for work, and that he wanted to bo sure that they were put out of suffering painlessly and expeditiously. The beasts were accordingly sent up by train in a comfortable horse box from the south to Paris, with a spe cial declaration that they were In tended for food, which entitled the sender to a special reduction in transport. Notice having been sent to tho butchers and veterlnarles tho horses were met and examined at once, with the following result: No. 1. A young and very lino animal, but with disease of tho blood, ho that nobody would buy at any price. A telephone message quickly brought down the munici pal slaughterers, who paid one pound and took the beast away. No. 2 A thick but sound horse, and No. 3, an older but first class animal, from a butcher's point or view. After weighing and de ducting a hundred weight or so for useless nterlal, It was calculated that tho two together would glvo about "40 kilogrammes, or about 1, 100 pounds,' good meat, which was bought th'e'n and there for eighteen odd pounds, or nearly twenty pounds for the three. The sale, however, was not complete until tho Intestines hud been examined by tho veterlnarles. The two sound ones were then killed painlessly, n more tremor marking the passage from life to death, and the voterl naiy surgeons made a very thorough analysis before giving the necessa ry certificate. The slightest trace of Infectious disease would havo on- tailed the confiscation of the carcass from tho market, and Its being sent to the ordinary refuse slaughter house. It Is curious thnt precisely during the last three years, whon all tho omnibus nnd a large amount of cab and cart traffic hns been transformed tho number of horses slaughtered at Vauglrard has decreased from Gfi, 000 In 1!)10 to .r.8,000 last year. This Is a serious matter for the horso butchers, who nro beginning to complain or a crisis lu their trado, nnd If it continues tho prices will soon havo to be raised. London Standard. "Something Just An Good." Col. (ioorgo Hussoll, the now member of the Sory Drug Company, nover loses u customer, and Is some salesman, take It from us. Iiast Saturday when "Undo" Charllo Ow en called for a d lino's worth of "Steer Cigars," tills bruud happen lug not to be in the show cuse, the said now mombor lost no tlmo In handing out n hag of Bull Durham, "the nearest tiling we have to It. 'Uncle,' hut this Is just as good." Mndlsonvllle Hustler. POWIMt OF A VV.W MUX COSTHOMilXK IHJSIXKSS Thero Is no dllllculty In account ing for the present condition of the country. Throe groups or men hav ing their headquarters lu New York have been shown, through Interlock ing directorates and Interlocking control, to have tho direction of ap proximately $22,000,000,000 of property, and practically to have tho control over nearly every rail way lu the country and every one of the great Industrials. Those men can forbid tho railroads to buy rails, to buy steel cars, to buy railroad frogs and switches, to buy lumber, and to buy crosstles; those men can put out of employment thousands mid tens of thousands of men; those men can constrict credits In tho dis tricts of Representatives who nro to bo elected In the full and ln the States of Senators who are to be elected In the fall; they can by their power make hard times In districts where they want to have a chango and where they want to defeat those in sympathy with a correction of those conditions, whether those can didates bo Democrats or Progressive Republicans. From remarks lu the Senate by Senator Owen, or Ok lahoma. The luuilst Woman's Home Com panion. In the August Woman's Home Companion appear photographs or 17 babies who, out of 1 00,000 exam ined at the Better Babies contests, were the only ones marked 100 by the physicians In charge. All of these children were examined and graded according to the Woman's Home Companion standard score card adopted for use In all Bettor Babies contests. Other Interesting special contri butions to the August number are: "flood times That Cost Next to Nothing,' being accounts or happy vacations spent by resourceful per- Ideas on to others; "Queen .Marv or England," an Intimate personal ac count of (Sreat Britain's sovereign family: "The Uved-ln (iarden," a practical, suggestive article about gardens contributed by Frank A. Waugh, professor of landscape gar dening at the Massachusetts College of Agriculture. "Iloiuemude Fireless Cookers," contributed by readers: "Every Girl Should Know the Bight Way to Stand. Sleep and Walk" by wiiiiam .. rronile; "Such n Pretty Cirl" by Katharine Ferguson; and "A Brittany Summer Fair and Fes tival." The regular Fashion, Cooking. Housekeeping and Young People's departments are filled with splendid suggestions peculiarly valuable in summer. ... i . I.OVKIt WIXXIXU A !IV ri. METHOD A SIIA.MK A girl In Wisconsin who received $ u week, abstracted $210 from the money drawer. She was arrest ed and convicted, and explained to the court that she was In love with a certain man, and in order to win his affection's, concluded sho must dress better than the other girls. So she borrowed some money for this purpose and took this way of paying It back. Thereupon, the court de cided that her pay was so small that she was not greatly to be blamed, so assessed a lino or only $2."i against her. Just how to classify such a decls tn.. I., .... iiw .. iuii i.iPiiiu ue diiiicuii. it is no doubt against the law and the ev idence, but there Is doubtless back of that somewhore n sort or sym pathy for the weakness of human nature that runs so closely to the border of justice that It crosses over and becomes a part or It. But wo ought not to encourage stealing, oven to buy clothes to win lovers with, If for no other reason than lovers won that way are not worth capturing. Ohio State Journal. Fine .l(di. "If you could pick out your job, what ono would you rather havo than any other?" asked Bed Nose Mlko. "Well." replied Pennsylvania Hungry, "If hnd to work, I'd like a job as chiropodist to a flock of mermaids," Playing It Sale, "(leorgo, I will promise to obey on one condition." "What Is that, jny dear?" "That before the ceremony takes placo you will promise mo never to command." In the Kitchen. "I never escapo without a beat ing," niouned tho Kgg. "Kverybody's alwiiyu stringing mo," lamented the Demi. A slQtOOO-ucru vunllia plantation Is planned for the Island of Tahiti, y AGyF EARTH Many Scientists Have Es timated It. ALL AGREE MILLIONS OF YEARS Have Elapsed Since Our Old World Commenced Its Existence. IHFFKItllXT KSTIMATKS .IIADH Although scientists are unable to determine definitely Just how old the enrih Is. all are agreed that Its age Is a stupendous large number or years. The Ingenious methods they have used In arriving at their various conclusions are very inter esting. One or these methods Is based on the assumption that all or the so dlu mchlorlde, or salt ,in the sea, was carried down by water from the land. Scientists know with reason able certainty Just how much salt Is In tho sea and have estimated the approximate amount added to It an nually by nil the rivers. From this date, and assuming that the sea wa ter was originally fresh, they have calculated when the salting began, lu this way Joly figured that !!.". 000.000 years have elapsed since the first salt was deposited In the sea, while Von Koiuer found the time to be Hill, 1100, ono years. This great difference should not lie very surprising, because or the dillieulty of determining the annual amount or salt deposited by rivers the amount varying with different riv ers and with different seasons lu the I same rivers. I Another method Is that founded on the disintegration of radioactive material. Soon after the rare gas" helium was discovered in mineral I waters and in rocks, It was noted i that the ratio between the quantity , of helium and that of radioactive I matter Increases with the geologic age of the rock. Taking one of the rare minerals, zircon, and supposing that It retains all the helium pro duced by the decomposition of Its radioactive constituents and that the helium produced annually is con stant lu quantity, the "coelHclont or helium" (the radioactive matter) indicates to the scientist the age of the mineral. The number of years shown bv this method increases with the geo logical age of the specimen used. A specimen from the end of the Ter tiary period gives N, lion, out) years; one from the Koeono, ::i,0(io,ooo; one from the Curboiiiferous, l.lo, ooo.ooo. and one of primitive indig enous rock, 710.ooo.000. Other stra ta give as high as 1 ,)., OOO.ooo years. The determination of the earth's age which was made by G. II. Dar win in connection with his investi gations on the evolution of tin moon Is regarded as the most trust worthy one, because it Is argued that the catastrophe which severed the one body into two, "earth and moon," really marked the real birth of both. By this method, which is very complex and dlfllcult to ex pluln, he obtained for the age of the earth, .1:1,000,000 years. Although these different methods give results that differ pretty wide ly, the results of each are of the same degreo of magnitude. They agree In the conclusion that tens and hundreds of millions of years are embraced In the phases of the earth's history, ami although we can not say exactly how old our earth Is. we can be certain that It Is very, very old. The Pathfinder. Only One "BROAIO QUININE" To Eetthe Kenultie.call for full name. I.AXA. T.'V. lKil OUININK. Lookforiisiiatureof K. W. GKOV15. Cures a Cold In Oue Day. Stop, couch aud headache, and work o cold. 25c. Wnnniitcil To Kill. The poor trnmp and tho young cooh form a combination that has afforded innrcrlul for Joke-wrlters the world over for generations. lloro'K one that Is like all the oth- ers, mid yet Just u little different "Aro you the same man who ate n1y lulnce-plce last week?" Iiniulred the woman. Wifl muni," mournfully responded the trnmp; "tli' doctor ways I'll nev- er bo tli huiue mnii again!" Uuly I.lppincptt's. Was It. it Hint'.' " "".Miss Kthel,'' ho begun, "or F.th el, I nieiiiir-I'vo known you long enough to drop tho '.Miss,' haven't 1?? Sho fixed her lovqly eyes upon him with a meaning gaze. "Yes, I think you have," Hliq,sald. 'What prefix do you wish" to aubstltuto?" Uudor a, iww 1'htllpplnu law no physician may own a pharuiucy. HO KNOWS If you nro not familiar with MP PINCOTT'S you nre doing both your self nnd the publishers an Injustice. LIPPINCOTTS MAGAZINE "Tin: sTi.iti Firriox MAGA ZINE OF AMKIMCA" Now in Its Kith Year :!." ( cntx a Copy s:t.()(l n Veup (The first magazl.ie to originate tho Idea of publishing a comploto novel lu each number.) A VEAK'S SlItSCBIPTlOX ISISIXGS VOL' 112 Grunt Complete Xincls 7." Short .Stories. (10 Timely At (Id.-.. .- .Striking I'ncnis i!nt Pajjes of Humor. LIPPINCOTTS Is enjoying a big revival of popularity. Thousands of new readers have been added to itn subscription list during the past few months, and Its circulation Is in creasing rapidly. 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