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Tm HARTFdRD HERALD.
Ui t ' SubSCHptiOn $i Per, Yettr, ill Advance , "I tof, ih Herald of a nToii? World, lh tun f J.I1 him Lnmbering at Mi Back." . ' JLW Kinds Job Printing Neatly Executed. HARTFORD, KY., WEDNESDAY, JUSTE 23, 1915. ft 41st YEAR. NO. 25 i Ift i; j, 4 v r ! r ? a K. r SPIES OF GERMAN SYSTEM . Have Invaded Postoffice, " r Says Diplomat. WANT TO GET NEW iKVENTIONS Messages To Embassies Read Secretly Other Let ters Tampered With. KAISER'S MIXIOXS ARE BUSY Washington, D. C.June 19. That ficores of letters written by Inven tors of new guns, ammunition and other articles which have a military value, written to the ordinance offi cials of the United States army and navy, have been opened while in the custody of the Post-office Depart ment and read by German Secret Service Agents, is the charge of a diplomat who represents one of the allies Jn Washington. He said. - - "I do not want my name used, but I can quote you chapter and verse on this question There Is no doubt about It whatever. Mall to our office and those of the other rep resentatives of the allies' is opened continually, and perhaps with even STeater regularity than that going tothe ordnance experts of this Gov ernment. "What we are particularly anx ious to avoid Is the inventors of this country trusting the secrets they are trying to sell to the malls. They may think that th,ey are perfectly safe In the malls, but as a matter of fact the chances are largely In fa vor of a letter from an Inventor to one of the 'ordnance experts being opened and read carefully by a Ger man Secret Service Agent before it reaches destsn, "ye ha.vevposltlve information that letters mailed In a post-office building were opened before arriv ing at their destination. In another case a letter was even mailed direct on a Government railway postal car, and It was opened before arriving in Washington. In this case the only explanation I can see, is that the German Secret Service Agent is ac tually a Civil Service employee in the employ of the railway mall ser vice. "There are two' classes of Infor mation, both of prime importance, which these tamperers with the mail -wish to obtain. One of these, of course, relates to the new Inventions along military lines. The Germans are Intensely scientific, and have a number of men quick to appreciate the Importance of any such discov eries, or to recognize that they are worthless. "One would not think that they would have a sufficient number of men possessed of this scientific knowledge which they could spare 'at this time, when it would be the casual judgment that all such men available would be needed in their arms and munitions factories of the German Government, or in the test ing shops and laboratories where new inventions would be tested. But -this is not the case. "They have sjich men to spare, It seems, for they have a number in this country keeping a continual watch for new Ideas They were here before the war began, and they will stay after it closes, still on the watch for anything which might bo of importance to the army, and navy, "On the .other hand; these special agents are anxious to find out any thing they can by holding 'the mail which is directed to the embassies of the allies, or is sent out from them. They have found out several things which we did not understand how 'they ascertained until wo dis covered the whole arrangement. "It is perfectly obvious that 'the privilege of reading all the mall to and, from the embassies of your en emiea la a perfectly enormous ad vantage to be gfveu to a country, and yet the Germans have obtained what- practically amounts Jlo that privilege their highly suoeeeeful spy syetem, f ''We aeKturd(se agajMt' if in ' the mall eenljaHby all the embas sies and leatioii-frantJiiK the 'allies, but we have set been able of course, to agke their on let ters containing descriptions and drawing f mw wtlHary. ami naval Invent!- Tbat l what we we noet aaxtoM to do ww, We 4e net SHREWD want the descriptions of these in ventions to be scanned by German experts, to be used, perhaps, by the German army and navy against our 'forces in Europe." CRIPPLE WAS SHOT AS HE SAtf IX HIS BUGGY Central City, Ky June 19. Fred Humphrey, 35 years old, was shot and is thought to be fatally wounded by Ed Amos, 3C years old, late this afternoon. It is alleged that Amos approached Humphrey, who was sitting in a buggy, and af ter some words, drew a ( pistol from his pocket and fired a shot Intij the right side of Humphrey. The wounded man was taken to the home of Mel Amos, where doctors probed for the bullet, but were un able to locate it. Humphrey is a cripple, having been paralyzed from the waist down five years ago, when a shot fired at close range lodged in his spinal column. He has a wife and three children. Amos fled from the scene of the shooting and con cealed .himself in the home of John Amos, where officers arretted him, taking him to the county jail at Greenville to await the result of the shooting. SHRAPXEL JEOB GREAT IJRITAIX AXD HER ALLIES Lynn, Mass., June 19. Five-inch shrapnel shells are being produced at the rate. of 5,000 per day at the plant of the General Electric Com pany, In this city, for the British army. The work was begun less than two weeks ago, and, from the manner In which the dally produc tion has been steadily increased, It is believed that the output will be considerably more than 5,000 with in another week. The work is being done under the supervision of three Englishmen, who, workmen say, seem to be clothed with sufficient authority. Whether the production of am munition extends to tho other plants of the General Electric Company Is not known" here, but', from the speed which Is being insisted upon In pro ducing the shrapnel, it is believed that the company has accepted an order from Great Britain and her allies necessitating the expenditure of millions of dollars. A YOUTHFUL MINISTER BROWXED IX THE OHIO Cloverport, Ky., June 19. A youthful preacher wpo was assisting a revivalist who has been holding meetings at Stephensport, lost his life by drowning in the Ohio river, on Saturday afternoon at 3:30. Rowland Hopper was his name, and he was only 17 years og age. He was, in bathing, on the Kentucky side just above the town and was swim ming at a distance of about 20 feet from the shore. Cramp seized him and before his companion (there be ing only one in company with him) could reach his side he had drown ed. The body was recovered at 4:15 and will be taken to Willmore, Ky., for Interment. The young man Is survived by his mother and. father, two brothers and two sisters, who reside at Kings wood, in Breckenrldge county, i STATE-AID ROAD LAW HELD COXST1TUTIOXAL Frankfort, Ky., June 19. The State-aid road law and tho five-cent tax are constitutional, and counties voting bonds under State-aid may use the money received from the State to reimburse ,them half the amount so expended for any legiti mate county purpose Counties are limited to a,20-cent lovy for a sink ing fund In addition to the regular 50-cent levy for general purposes, but may appropriate additional funds raised by the general levy to Increase the sinking fund for tho retirement of. the road bonds and. the payment of interest. This was decided by the Court of Appeals in an opinion by Chief Jus tice Miller, reversing the Knox Cir cuit Court in the case ofT. J. Mitch ell against the, Knox Fiscal Court. Mitchell sought an injunction to re strain th,? Fisial Court from dispos ing pf the bends. appr6prlatlnf such money as might be reelyed from the, State under State aid to the sinking fund and 'levying a tax of 22 ejwte for sinking fund. He was denied his injunction and the judgment was reversed because the FleeaJ Court Is limited to a sneelal levy 9t 20 eents, ' - in -ThM yfea'r's wigar Wet ee shows a big taajpaae. aeeotdtaix, to, peart-Uw meat of Agriculture roporU. LEO FRANK GETS FUtLJJFE IERM Two Days Before Date Set For Hanging. ACTION OF GOVERNOR SLATON Commuting Sentence Saved Convicted Murderer From Gallows. GOES TO MILLEDGEVILLE, GA. Macon, Ga, June 21. Leo M. Frank arrived in this city at 2:44 a. m. under heavy guard on his way to tho State farm at Millcdgevllle, Ga. Sheriff Mnnguru, of Fulton coun ty, who had Frank in charge, said that Frank's sentence had been com muted to life imprisonment by Gov Slaton. The Sheriff and his prisoner were tfahsfefre'd to an automobile and Immediately left for the State farm. Frank was not handcuffed. Atlanta, Ga., June 20. Gov. Sla ton announced to-night that ho would make known to-morrow, pob ably In the forenoon, his decision on Leo M. Frank's sentenco to life Im prisonment. The Governor to-flay worked on his opinion. Frank was hopeful to-night of executive clemency. Ho Is sentenc ed to be hanged Tuesday. The prisoner spent a quiet day. His only visitors were his Immedi ate family and intimate friends. Jail officials said that not less than 500 persons requested to see him. Letters and telegrams bearing on the case continued to nrrivo at the Governor, office to-day, adding to the hundreds of messages received since Jthe Pardon Commission made its recommendation against clemen cy. Militia Guards Governor. Atlanta, Ga., June 21. With sev eral hundred men and boys clamor ing to get into the front gates of his country home on Peachtreo road, which had been barricaded with, barbed wire entanglements, threat ening to . overpower twenty county policemen armed with riot, guns, Governor Slaton called out tho mi litia lato to-night for protection. Upon the arrival of four compa nies of State guardsmen, which had been held under' arms, and rushed to the estate in automobiles, tho Governor proclaimed martial law in the district extending half a mile in front pf his home and half a mile back and a quarter of a mile on each side. When tho soldiers lined up with fixed bayonets to disperse tho crowd stones, bricks and bottles were thrown at them. A telephone message from Mil lcdgevllle, where Frank was taken to-day to. begin his sentence, said trouble was feared there, but the sheriff of Baldwin county did not re quest troops and they were not sent. At 11 o'clock to-night sixty men of Company C, Georgia National Guard, arrived at Governor Slaton's country plnco near the city, and formed a cordon In front of the gate. The Governor proclaimed martial law for a distanco of a half mile to the east side of his homo and In structed Captain Choron, command ing the soldiers, to order a crowd of about seven hundred Arien and boys in front of the estate to dis perse. x THOMAS WAXTS XATIOX TO OWX MAMMOTH CAVE Washington, Juno 21. A bill ap propriating $1,000,000 to purchase Mammoth Cave, in Kentucky, with surrounding territory and convert It Into a national park 'will be intro duced on tho opentng day of tho coming session of Congress by Rep resentative Robert V, Thomas, in whose district the famous cave U located. Representative Thomas' in sists that Mammoth Cave and its environment furnish the making o? tiie greatest national park in the oountry, bar none. Plans for the proponed League of Peace, by whieli natlens may settle their dljtereneee without reeont to an, were outlined In an addrew former President )yjj.,Tatt at Philadelphia. PRESIDENT SIVEI A "SASSY" REPLY By Leader Of Villa-Za-pata Forces. RESENTS TONE WILSONS NOTE But Declares Belief In the n President's Sincerity I and Good Faith. ISMWILL1XG TO IIAVE PEACE Vashlngton, June 19. The Unit ed States Government 'was Informed to-cay in a note from Francisco La- Chazaro, president of the VUla- Zapata Convention Government nt Mexico City, that if President Wll sonjs recent statement warning the Mexican factions to compose their differences should signify "pressure or threat," tho conventlonist gov ernment "still, .harboring thp. rim sclehce of Its sacrifices, will maintain the 'dignity of the Mexican people." The communication transmitted by the Brazilian Minister at Mexico City, states, however, that the con vention continues "to conjecture that the general idea of tho Govern ment of the United States Js to help us in a friendly wjjy to bring to an, end our fratricidal struggle, which would be for the greatest good of the country." After declaring a willingness to make peace with the Cairan7i fac tion, the note as made 'oubllc to night by the State Department, says in part: "The convcntlonl3t. government does not see, does not wish to see, In the substance of tho declarations made by His Excellency President Wifsfito; an thing more than an Ad vice, a friendly suggestion to Induce the contending groups to wipe out their differences and lead them into tho path to the en pursued by the revolution. Coming to the declara tion that if we Mexicans cannot set tle our differences within a very short time the Government of the American Union will find Itself con strained to decide as to what means it shall use to bring It about, the conventlonist government cannot un derstand haw President Wilson pre viously declares In tho same note that tho United States does not de sire or claim any right to settle the affairs of Mexico, arid more to the same effect. The same chief of the American nation made at Indianap olis the following cntegorlcal decla ration: " 'I am proud to belong to a pow erful nation which says that coun try, Mexico, which we could crush, will enjoy the same liberty in the management of its affairs as wo en Joy. If I am strong I should bo aslinmed to dictate to .the weak In the measure of my strength. My pride consists In keeping my strength free and not In oppressing another people with It." "If contrary to the Interpretation which Jn tho most friendly sense tho conventlonist Government puts upon President Wilson's declarations, this closing part should signify a denial of tho Instinctive sympathy gener ously demonstrated to the Mexican revolution and should further sig nify pressure or 'threat, the Conven tlonist Government, still harboring the conscience of its sacrifices, will maintain tho dignity of the Mexjcan people. We continue, however, to conjecture that the general Idea of the Government of the United States Is to he,lp us In a friendly way to bring to.nn end our fatrlcidal strug gle which would be for the greatest good of the country. Tho Govern ment Is ready to bring about by all means consistent with Its dignity tho fusion of all the contending groups, to initiate all the oconomlc, political and social reforms aimed nt by tho rovoltulon and to establish a strong stable government with which all tendencies and all legiti mate Interests will find tho fullest favor and enjoy the guarantees, which our fundamental law pro vldes." This note from tho Convention Oovernnifcnt wjjs drafted after con ferencesf with the Znoata lenders. The Stafe'Pepartment 'previously had reak-ad, a note of the same ent eral ch'saoti'r from Gen. Villa which, while denying the right of th,e UnltM Slates to intervene, in :::-:cs. &'.& "!ha the suggestion for a unification of the factions should bo adopted. Proposals for peace are repeated In the Chazaro note, but as yet no definite word has been re celvd from Gen. Cnrranza ns to his attitude. HIGH COURT SAYS WIVES . MUST HE FOR1IEARIXG Frankfort, Ky., June 19. Pa tience, forbearance and sympathy must be exercised by the Vlfe In re forming and assisting a husband to overcome his weakness or else ali mony will not bo allowed In this State In case of n divorce. Such was the opinion of the Court of Ap peals In reversing the Jefferson Cir cuit Court in the case of William A. Benedict against Florence E. Bene dict. Mrs. Benedict had secured a di vorce and S35 a month alimony. Benedict Is nn assistant engineer of the city of Louisville. Having mar ried without a large bankroll, Bene dict, In order to obtain a fortune began to play the races, It was charged, and Instead of making money, lost ?700. This, It is said, he ept from his wife, whome he was trying to make believe that he had plenty o'f money until lie was compelled to-lake udvantngf'of the' bankrupt law. Then the domestic troubles of Benedict and his wife became nu merous. Mrs. Benedict sued for di vorce, stating that she uould not live with a man who trled'to deceive her. This, the court says, Is not a ground for dlvorco In this State, be cause the court says it Is the duty of the wife to be patient, forbearing and sympathetic until the husband can overcome his weakness. fil'XXER ROASTS ABOUT SLAUGHTER HE CREATED Atlanta, Ga., June t9. Wounded recently at Ypres by a shell falling near the gun he was operating, and now convalescing In England at the home of a relative,, Grady Powell, of Llncolnton, Ga., has written to friends here that In tho short time he has seen service as a member of the Canadian Artillery ho has lired G.000 shells and has killed 3,000, Germans. He says each shrapnel contains HGu bullets, and fragments of the shell will account for enoush to make one shell worth ."00 projec tiles. He believes that every other shell got at least one man. One he says he knows killed forty-three. "Every tlmeo I drop a shell In their trenches and see a bunch of legs and arms fly about twenty feet up In the air, I can't help feeling mighty nice nbout It, for I know that at least fifteen or twenty of them will knock off killing women and children. I have never but once got so low down ns to shoot at one man. This guy I just shot at to try out some new ammunition-. The ammunition was O. K." RELIGIOUS EDUCATION' TO HE HARRED IX KOREA 'Washington, Juno 19. All relig ious education will bo barred within ten years from schools In Korea, giv ing ,"a general education," by an or der promulgated by Gen. Terauchl. Japanese Territorial Governor of Ko rea, tho text of which was made public hero to-day by tho Japaneso embassy. Tho order prohibits tho teaching of any religion no exception being made In favor of Sliintoism, the Jap anese national religion but allows n period of ten years for the schools to conform to tho new conditions. It will seriously affect a largo num ber of American and other Christ ian missionary schools which have been established In Korea, and re ports of its provisions already have evoked considerable discussion among missionary organization In the United States. Gen. Terauchl prefaces his order with the declaration that the oxpo rlenco o'f the United States and France lias demonstrated tho wis dom of separating education and re ligion, The ten-year period, accord ing to the order, Is allowed In order that native Korean teachers may acquire the Japnuese language, and to afford tho existing private schools an opportunity to adjust themselves to tho now requirements. TIjo'Dny of Freedom ! GrensburE lud., Juno 21,-The women and girU. operating spool machines at the Bramwell Wire Fac tory (u tMs city, will lereafter wear "overalls like tbe male pperators, as a measure of safety and conve nience, here are twenty such employes, NOTED OKLAHOMA CASEJSDECIDEO "Grandfather Clause" En actments Held Void. . THE UIEMDMEST LEGAL But No Right Exists to Select Arbitrary Date For Its Enforcements. IT AFFECTS SEVERAL STATES Washington, JuneJ21. In a de cision so broad as probably to annul "grandfather clause" enactmerts In every Southern State which has adopted such laws, the Supreme Court to-day held invalid Oklahoma and Maryland legislation aimed at restricting the negro vote. Tho de cision was unanimous. The decision, in short, wa3 that it is a delation "of the ""Fifteenth amendment for a State to select ar bitrary a date, such as ISCt, nd provide that persons not qualified to vote on that date or whoso ancestors were not so qualified, are barred from voting or must submit to vot ing tests not required of others. The court further held that elec tion officials who sought to enforce such clauses could bo held amena ble to law for denying persons a right to vote and tlfat such officials could not disregard the fact that tho Fifteenth ameudluent had stricken out of the State law the word "white" as a qualification of v6tlns. Property and other tests for vot ers enacted by the Maryland Legis- ' lature for Annapolis In the same act In which the grandfather clause was Inserted were held to be so closely related to tho" grandfather clause as to nine all the qualifica tions fall. I For more than fifteen years the "grandfather clause" has been in serted in constitutions of Southern I States. The most popular form has been to exempt from educational and property tests for voting, those who could vote in 1SCC, 1SC7 and ilSGS, thus leaving the tests to apply . to those who did not vote, at those dates. I The Oklahoma grandfather clause provides "that no person shall be I registered as an elector in this State, or be allowed to vote In any election herein, unless he bo able to read and wrlto any section of tho consti tution of tho Stnto of Oklahoma, but no person who wns, on January 1, 18GC, or at any time prior thereto, entitled to vote under any form of government, or who at that time re sided In some foreign nation, and no lineal descendant of such porson, shnll bo denied tho right to register and vote because of his inability to so read and write sections of such constitution." THE XATIO.Y.IL HERTS 1XCREASE .! 1,250,000,0111) Buda Pest, Juno 21. Tho nation al debts of tho belligerent powers have been Increased $11,250,000,000 since the beginning of the wnr. ac cording to figures compiled by Dr. Elemer Ilnntos, n Hungarian finan cial authority. ) Austria, says Dr. Hantos, added $745,000,000 to her previous debt J of $2,700,000,000 and Hungary I ?42r,000,00'o to a previous debt of $1,39.1,000,000. Germany's national debt at the, beginning of the war was $C,420,- 000,000, and this had Increased by $2,595,000,000 at the end of March. Turkey Increased her national debt from $005,000,000 to $715,000,000. Great Britain's Increase Is set by Dr. Hantos at $2,150,000,000. France's at $2,230,000,000 and Russia's at $2,750,000,000. Small er amounts nro chargeablo to Ser bia, Montenegro, Belgium and Ja pan. Hanks Consolidate. Mr. Rowan Holbrook, of tlo Bank of Hartford, returned home' yester day from Llvermore, Kj., where ho had been spending the past few days assisting the officers of the Bank of I.lvrmoro nnd Farmers and Trad ers Dunk of that town to work out tho dctallsof consolidation. The two banks when consolidated will have a capital pf $30,000 (he larg est bank In McLean county, ' Subscribe for The Hartford Reral& 1