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',JF)'i",iWjff Page 6 THE HARTFORD HERALU ' I BEDDED IN SMOCK Reason for Scanty Garb of Some Old-Time Brides. k l England It W Held That Act R llcved Husbands of Debts Con tracted by His Bride Before Their Marriage. "A Bangor lawyer attending court In ,the ancient town of Wlscasset, Lincoln county, recently wont rummaging la the Colonlnl court records of the place, end In the course of Ills reading came ncross the official registration of a 'smock marriage,' " writes h. T. Smyth frou- Bangor, Me., to the Boston Tran script. "Not knowing what n smock marrlnge was, the lawyer looked fur ther, and got considerable light upon a custom that prevailed In England a century or more ago and also to some extent In the American colonics. "Smock marriages wero weddings where the bride appeared dressed In a white sheet or chemise. The reason for such a garb was the belief that If n man married n woman who wns In debt he could be held liable for her Indebtedness If he received with het any of her property; and also, that If n woman married a man who was In debt, his creditors could not take her property to satisfy their claims If he had received nothing from her at mar riage. In England, says an antiquari an, there was at least one case where n bride was clothed In purls naturall bus while the ceremony was being per formed In the great church at Birming ham. The minister at first refused to perform the ceremony, but, finding nothing in the rubric that would ex cuse him, he finally married the pair. "To carry out the law fully as the people understood It, the ceremony hhould always have been performed as It was In the church at Birmingham, In the case noted; but, modesty forbid ding, various expedients were used to accomplish the end without the un pleasant features. Sometimes the bride stood In a closet and put her hand through a hole In the door; some times she stood behind a cloth screen and put her hand out at one side; again, she wound about her a white sheet furnished by the bridegroom, and sometimes she stood In her chemise or smock. Eventually, In Essex county, at least, all Immodesty was avoided by the groom furnishing all the clothes worn by the bride, retaining the title to the same in himself. This he did In the presence of witnesses, that he might be able to prove the fact in case lie was a . for nny debts she might have contracted. A marriage of this kind occurred at Bradford In 1773, and the following Is true copy of the rec ord of the same: " 'Bradford, Dec. ye 21, 1773 This may certifle whomsoever It may eon cerne that James Bailey of Bradford, who Mas married to the widow Mary Bacon November 22 last past by nit: ye subscriber then declared that he took Mid person without anything of estate and that I.yilin the wife of Linger Bur bank and Mary the wife of Thomas Stlckney and Margaret the wife of Ca leb Burbank all of Bradford were wit nesses that the clothes she then had on were his providing and bestowed upon her. " 'WILLIAM BLACH, " 'Minister of ye Gospel.' "It Is noted by the same writer that In all cases of smock marriages that have come to his notice the brides have been widows. "It Is thought that during the reign of George III there were many smock marriages In Maine, then a part of the province of Mus--ai,huMtt.s Bay, chief ly In tin" counties of Lincoln and York, or In the territory which Is now so known. There Is nothing to show that the practice outlived the Revolution. In Maine, up to IS.":!, a husband was li able for debts of his wife, contracted before marriage, nuil no such suhter "fuge as the smock marriage could re lievo him." How Pipe Reveals Character. A new method of telling a man's character Is now advanced by William E. Critclilow, ninety, of .Macon, Mo. He said: "You can tell tuoru about a man by the way he lights his plpu than you can by the shape of his head. There's the fcl'.ott who strikes a match on the south end of his trousers, holds his hands over the bowl until he gets It going, throws down the match any old place, and tilts his plpu up toward the North Star. That inun may burn down his home, and barn, hut he'll never lick his wife or children, because bin heart's right. "Crooks and bad men don't often smoke pipes. They wouldn't he crooks If they did. because there's something about an old hickory pipe thnt Inspires n man to play fair with his neighbors." In Memory of James Watt The centenary of James Watt, the Inventor of the modern condensing steam engine, who died on August 10, 181ft, was celebrated In Scotland by tho raising of u fund of $250,000 to fur ther endow the engineering depart ment of Glasgow university, to pro vide additional facilities for tho train ing of engineers. , Doctor Was a Comfort. Putlent (after operation) Doctor, they say you are getting better and bet ter on these appendix operations every day." Doctor That's a fact. Tho man I operated on yesterday lived twelve hours, and I'm In hopes you'll live twice as long, If you don't worry J Life. MAHUA TREE GROWS ALCOHOL Blossom Produced, When Sun Dried, Contains 60 Per Cent ef Its Weight In Fermentable Sugar. Alcohol In these days has attention from government In dlverso wnys. England has had a committee studying the possibilities of Increasing the pro duction of alcohol to be used In gen erating power. The opportunities discussed by the committee are Interesting. Of course, potatoes, artichokes nnd cereals ciiine In for attention. Hut It seems tlu-ie are less known sources of alcohol. For example, there Is the flower of the malum tree, which flourishes In Hyder abad nnd the ccntrnl part of India. This flower, when sun dried, contains CO per cent of Its weight In ferment able sugar, nnd apparently Is to he gathered by the ton. Then theie ui'e the fertile gn&es of tho coko ovens. They are so rich In surprises to the everyday mun that It Is not very startling to learn they contain ethjl ene. which by synthetic processes somcwhnt developed under the stress of wnr may be converted Into ethyl alcohol. With the coal beds about to pro duce alcohol, nnd tho trees of India fairly blossoming with It, the man with n motorcar may quiet the fears arous ed by the scientists figures which show thnt wc are within sight of the end of petroleum and gasoline. There Is nothing like being easy In one's mind. The Nation's Business. REMEDIES OF THE DAYS PAST Plants, Berries, Weeds and Roots Among Ancient Remedies Used for Cure of Ailments. Quaint malady remedies of the past, many of which led to wealth on the part of the Inventors, were nearly all made of berry plants nnd many of common weed". I'okeberrles, years ngo, wore used to make plaster for a cancer, and grapevine sap was pre pared for hair tonics. To produce a sweat, tea was made from magnolia leaves and the berry of this plant was often mentioned as n cure for con sumption. For toothnche, the veteran prac titioner used the bayherry root. Ber ries of the cedar tree were supposed to stiffen the spine, nnd a purge was made of alder buds or of elderberries. The goldenrod, the mullein plant, the burdock, and common weeds were also held forth as cures for various all tnoirts. "Tuscarorn rice," Invented by a Phil adelphia woman, and held forth as a cure for tuberculosis, enabled the prac titioner to secure a fortune for her self. It wns nothing more than hom iny made from Indian corn. To Extinguish Fires In Coal Mines. The mud-Jet seems to have been (liind especially adapted to extinguish ing fires in coal mines, but It Is liable to be Incfltcleiitly applied. A recent Investigation shows that lime and clay should be Included In the mud. The usual success of tho mud-Jet In con trolling fire Is largely due to the ac tion of theo cement materials In con solidating loose particles, nnd closing gas-cmittlnir openings by forming n cake o-er them. The refuse dust from the cleaning of blast-furnace gas, boil er ash. sifted earth, and even combus tible products like the refuse of coal washing, may make up the bulk of the mud. A tank t of mud with gravity discharge Is suggested as tho ordinary fire-fighting plant, though steam or compressed air may be used. Advance of Japanese Women. Japan Is making retnnrkable prog ress In all lines of Industry and in the development of modern Ideas and thought, declared an otlicer of tho Young Women's Christian asso elation, who returned from the Flowery Kingdom a short time ago. Particularly Interesting she said, Is 'he changed attitude, toward the Jap jnese woman who Is now being ad nltted to the his universities In Japan nd given a Ireedom to develop her H'lf along cducntlonat lines that has leretofore been rigidly denied her. "Thi! lieu- attitude toward the lapanesc woman Is the most revolu tionary thing in the change of thought ind serves to Illustrate tho progress Uiat Is being made. Shoes Worth More Than Pigs. A shoe manufacturer, so this story Is told, raises pigs on the side. lie sold one the other day. He got $00 for It. The buyer paid him 22 cents a pound for It, and It weighed over 400 pounds. "A good prlco you got for that pig," remarked u friend. "Not so very much so," replied the shoe manufacturer. "Well, $00 for one pig looks like a good price to me," answered the critic. "It Is more than you get for shoes." "That Is not so," responded the manufacturer. "I sell my shoes at the rate of $3 n pound, and for 400 pounds of shoes, I would get $2,000, So, you see, shoes arc worth a lot more than pigs." Brockton Enterprise. Canned Music Lures Seals. Seal hunters of the Pacific are snld to be meeting with great success through the use of the phonograph In luring teals to their death. A large Instrument Is employed and Is set up near tho rendezvous of the seals. They gather In the vicinity and re main with their heads out of the water listening to tho music, thus giving tho hunters opportunities tp bhoot lhtm.-yUb.lBg Oaictu. WiH Not be One Day Without FftE3 IT &EE3 W l1 "i3 M M Tills Laily 7ELLG Her FRIENDS Mrs. Mary Frlcko, C07 Uornmaa St., Belleville, III., 13 Juft one of tho, many thousands of ladles throughout tho country who, aftot1 an agony of years, have at last found health, Ktrcnu-;h and vlcor In PE-RU-NA. Her own word3 tell of her sufrcrlfr and recovery r?if -4 l-r'tor than wo can do It: "I stomach, had awful crr.r p3 and nfton rrmlil not lnv mi n nlllnw. tried PE-nU-NA find -r.eit rrood flrat lnttln rPn h.n iiiia nf n Plirii linttlnq. T Inrn rivn-vi"n1.1 friends nnd all aro woll pleased will not be ona day wit; ful PK - UV tad was years work nnd a doctor since I BtartcJ with PE-UU-NA, which roTOaiWi about tittccn ycrsrs azo. i am now sixty-three u amtnRJnttS, uiu, iiuiu, nearly mm rjn. uu uu as mutu 1 JUsMBUbIIvO ns my dnucntcrs. I feci strops and healthy tKfiTVQSSnJN trnlf.li nonr iwn Viiinrlri.il iini.n'a Tlntnvn T swntttmHBYt weighed as little, as ouo hundred. I hopo lots of MRS. MABY PRICKB people use PE-RU-NA and get the results I did." An expcrlcnco llko that of Mre. Frlcko lo 'an inspiration to every sick and suffering woman. If you havo catarrh, whether It bo of tho r.cse, threat, stomach, bowels, or other or&aus, PE-RU-NA Is the remedy. It Is not new; it is not an experiment. PE-MJ-NA has been tried. PE-RU-NA has been used by thousands who once were sick and are now well. To prevent coughs, colds, grip and Influenca and to hasten recovery there is nothing better. PE-RU-NA will Improve tho cppetlto and digestion, purify tho blood, sooth the irritated mucous linings, eradicate tho waste material and corruption from tho system. It will tone up the nerves, give you health, strength, vigor and tho Joy of living. Do what Mrs. Mary Frlcke and thousands more havo done try PE-RU-NA. You will bo glad, happy, thankful. Tablet or Liquid. Sold Everywhere. NEW LIFE FOR HOLY LAND With Abundant Supply of Water, the Desert Promises Again to Blos som Like the Rose. "The desert shall rejoice and blos som like the rose," old Isaiah prophe sied. The reclamation of Pnlestlneby the British has at last opened the Holy land to the enterprise of the West, re marks the Journal of the American Medical Association. Captain Carson of the American Bed Cross commission, which followed Gen eral Allcnby, tells us that the first problem of Improvement encountered wns that of water-supply. That part of Palestine south of Beersheba has been piped with wnter from the Nile by British engineers with American equipment the realization, It Is said, of a dream thousands of years old. Several million gallons a day are pumped from the canal near Kantara ncross the Suez canal Into Palestine. At Knntnra rapid sand Alters are used. The pipes are laid at least eighteen Inches deep In the soil or sand of the desert In order to protect them and the wnter from heat. North of Beer sheba there Is plenty of wnter under the surface, though very little, owing to the gcsloglc formation nnd meteoro logic conditions of Palestine, remains ensily nvallnble. On the western slopes, however, the valleys form excellent reservoir sites for collecting the win ter rains, though they would often have to he treated to prevent loss by percolation. The problem of the wnter supply of Jerusalem has been attacked by such noted men as Hezeklah who con structed a tunnel which Is today an al most uiipxplnlnnhle engineering feat Solomon, Pontius Pilate and Herod. In the spring of 1018 the British, us ing much of the Roman work, Instnllcd u six-Inch line from the springs of Vndy-el-Arnb, about sixteen miles south of Jerusalem, through which more than 200,000 gallons a day are now flowing Into the city. It Is snld that Jerusalem could bo furnished with more than 20,000,000 gallons a day of pure wnter. Almost every house In the city hns Its rain water cistern, nnd these, with proper Inspection by the newly organized health department, are being tilled with safe water. , It Is to be expected that the disap pearance of the picturesque wnter ven ders of Jerusalem will be accompanied by the passing of tho terrible water borne diseases prevalent under Turk ish rule. Seeing Rome From the Air. American tourists may hereafter vis It Roman ruins the Coliseum, For um, Pantheon, Caracalla baths and the basilica of Constantlne, St. Peter's nnd other Rome gems, not In anti quated horsedrawn carriages, but In airships. The Italian navy has es tablished a commercial dirigible serv ice for visiting Rome and Its en virons from the air. The venture has met with complete success, for dally the aircraft are filled to capacity. The correspondent of tho Associated Press viewed Rome from tho Italian navy's dirigible M-l. On board were diplomatic representatives of ull the allied countries to the number of SI, the capacity of the craft. The United States representative was Colonel Iluckey, military attacho there. Those In tho party of long residence stated that looking at Rome from the dirigible brought out features of It which went unper.celved to the observ er on tho ground. Get Necessary Knowledge. Most of life's great mistakes are due to Insufficient knowledge. In the early days of the great war buttles raged on the custern front. There aro the great hikes and marshes. Victory us a rule came to the man who knew the ground best. One of the great gener als made It his program to lure his opponents into the hike region and then deliver swift blows la the time of bis low bewilderment. Th alf yftff f" flJ LW- iim'sip nutfored with my w&ti. hsadaches so P-.v vc. r linn'.r. sis? results from tbn E & T fnnlf fwnlvn CkX PT'.II'.KA In irv tv- wit i re j".i. - rfA. H-vo not tween grades of menfnl power Ts" no't so great, but It's the training and the knowledge and application that makes the great differences between men. When a man's ready to do his own rough work he isn't likely to have things "put across on him." The ten derfoot has always been a joke among his fellows. He Is common halt. Let him show a little aggressiveness nnd the regulars will respect him more. Blunders he will make, but he will re deem them and himself by his at tempts. Twin Brides. The strangest wedding ceremony I ever witnessed was a double wedding of twin sisters. It wns not only out of the ordlnnry but a little uncanny to see the father 'Walking up the aisle of the church with two brides, one on each arm, both dressed exactly alike In whlto satin trailing robes. They were so much alike that in the excite ment of the moment the future hus bands could not tell them apart and claimed the wrong brides at the foot of the altar where they stood with the father. The two young women al lowed their future husbands to be fooled until the preacher nsked the fatal question, nnd then the mistake was made known, much to tho embar rassment of the men. Chicago Trib une. GOOD WORK IN CANAL ZONE Archdeacon Carson Tells of Religious Activities Among Those Em ployed on the "Big Ditch." Few men perhaps have so Intimate a knowledge of the spiritual progress made In the canal zone as the Rev. Henry Roberts Carson, archdeacon of the Protestant Episcopal church there. From those days when the canal was yet a great doubt until the present, Mr. Carson has been laboring among the employees of the canal that they might havo comfort of body nnd wel fare of soul. White and black, the men there know him well and have come to love him. for Archdeacon Car son was with them In the now almost forgotten days when fever raged upon the Isthmus and each noon struck men to the death. Those early days Archdeacon Carsou recalled in the missions house of the Protestant Episcopal church at New York the other day before returning to tho canal zone. "We were few In number then and tho work was more than enough for many," he snld. "The employees, most of them natives of the British West Indies, were housed In labor camps here and there, for the channel was not cut through from one end to the other; but activities were everywhere along Its path, "And In these enmps we started churches and the church moved when the camp moved, for when tho work In that Immediate vicinity was com pleted the enmp went elsewhere. When the water was turned Into the cannl it submerged these ploces where we had held dlvlno service." While the work stretches from one ocean to the other, with churches nt a ddzen places, some of the most unself ish Inbor Is among lepers In tho mis sion of the Holy Comfort on the west const. There are to be found some 80 patients, Including nbout a dozen chil dren, and not a week passes without services being held for them. How They Rank In Thrift, These llgurcs represent tho number of savings bank depositors a thousand of population; Switzerland, 552; Den mark, 402; Norway, 420; Sweden, 404; Belgium, 801; France, 802; Germany, 340; England, 320; Italy. 232, and United States 115. The Proof. "A woman can never come to the polut." "How can you prove such an asser tion r "Prove It yourself; Just watch her PX to hargea a lead peaaiV ynti iA'K?r"'?7rITl',ls ?& iim-m i imsf HtftejA w-j - ' 'V. AX -J JBW 4.4.4$ T?L.' I VffJSrf. ""'''' . r ?'ji'i -w i ' "? M . XZ A Musical Attitude Toward a Personal Matter Our business serves music. When a lover of music comes to us, and say he i wants Tho NEW IDIHON "The Phonograph with a Soul" we leok at htm, aot at his pocket book. Fer "The Phoaograph trlth a Soil" Is an instrument that inds Its Most appreciative home with those who understand music. If yon fllid it inconvenient to pay the entire amount on the instrt ment you desire, that becomes a per sonal matter between us. This serv ice is not to be considered an In dacement; we simply wish to accom modate ourselves to your conren icace. The, details can be arranged when you call. 75he New Edison "The Phonograph with a soul" vii E. P. BARNES & BRO. II BEAVER vvtvvvvvvvvvvvvwvvyvwvvv Keep a Bank Book Instead of a Bank Note A hank account will give you a better business standing in the community. If your name is not on our books we in vite you to put it there. Why not do so today? Cultivate tho saving habit. You will find it profitable. It is not how much you earn but how much you save that will count when the rainy day comes j,VTuv f If you have no account with us open one today. : "; Bank of Hartford Hartford, Ky. 0 VVVVVVVVVVVVVlVVVVVVVVVtVVVVt(VVVVVVV SOUTHERN V OPPORTUNITIES Tho Eyes of tho Nation are turned towards the Southern United States. Many people aro leaving the North because of the unpleasant winter months. Many farmers are going where the seasons are moro likely to reward them for their toll. Men of wealth aro buying winter homes in order to enjoy the wonderful climate and the many recreations to be found there. , If you are thinking of going south you wish to go for some pur poso.If it is to Invest in a businessenterprise we either hare it for sale or can find it for you. If you wish to raise vegestables, grow oranges and tropical fruits or general farming of any kind, we offer you the best bargains to be found in the South. If you wish to invest in a 5 or 10 thousand acre tract for colonizat ion purposes wo have some of tho finest un-improved land in tho South, located in Miss, nnd Ala. This Is level upland near railroads and public highways. Prlco $8.50 to f 20.00 por acre. Only a small payment in ad vance, ballanco soveral years easy payment plan. Wo have Improved farmes of 100 acres or more which can bo bought for of the prico tho same land is selling for in tho North. Terms reasonable. We will bo glad to talk with you or glvo you any information you may wish to loam. A 10 aero Improved orange prove will yield an annual incomo of $3,000. Theso can bo bought for $500 to $1000 per acre. Location considered. General farming and vegs table, land sells for $50 to $200 per aero, un-lmproved land for much less. You only need a small farm to be Independent in Florida. Now is the time to as this land will increase 100 per cent in value In two years time? Go South where peoplo enjoy life and prosperity. f . d BAIZE & GREEP, ' The men who Sell." HARTFORD, KY. Hi Wm DAM, KY. ,it.