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rut HARTFORD HERALD
10 FREE HALF MILLION ACRES
FROM PANTHER CREEK
drip On Rich Land to Be Br o
ken By Progressive
Owensboro is one of Kentucky's
most Important and attractive cities.
It derives its importance from th
large nun r and varied character
of its Indt .les and from the exten
sive commerce it transacts.
Daviess county, of which Owens
boro is the seat of Justice, runs neck
and neck with Graves for the honor
of being the greatest tobacco and
corn county In the State.
Long one of the largest tobacco
markets In the world and an increas
ingly popular location for industry,
Owensboro Is a progressive and en
lightened city. Its location on tho
Ohio, midway between Louisville
and Paducah, gives Owensboro a
definite trading territory all its own.
When the Dhlo Is opened from
Pittsburg to Cairo, Owensboro's
transportation facilities will be un
excelled. It Is now served by three
railroads, the Henderson Route, tho
Illinois Central and the L. & N. In
addition the new federal highway,
the Ohio river route, passes through
Owensboro and connects it with
many miles of country.
To give an Idea of Owensboro's
financial size, its bank clearings tor
1921 amounted to more than $45,
000,000. The resources of its banks
total more than $10,000,000. Its
population Is between 20,000 and
it is not easy to lay one's finger
on the factors that make Owensboro
such a delightful place to live. For
those factors go beyond Owensboro's
mere physical good looks. In Its
century of existence Owensboro has
acquired a singular charm, a spirit
that breathes of fragrant memories
and cherished associations. This
rather elusive quality is evident in
the courtesy and generosity of Ow
ensboro's citizenship which is dis
tinguished by Its loyalty to the old
town's past and its belief in Owens
(BY RALPH COGHLAN)
Owensboro, Ky., Oct., 24. If
there is a more crooked stream in
the world than Panther creek, Dav
iess county would like to hear about
It. For a distance of perhaps 150
miles through this county Panther
creek performs such a continuous
series of bends and curves as would
make a professional coutodtlonlst
weep with envy.
On a large map of Daviess county
it looks like a gigantic snake writh
ing in a death agony. And those
who have followed its tortuous wind
ings say that no map can do it Jus
tice. A crow flying across Panther
k-reek's valley would cross it oftener
than It has feathers. Moreover, the
same crow would see it in some
places as no more than a rivulet; in
others as a lake five or six miles In
Panther creek has no conscience.
For many years it has been a most
exasperating maker of mischief, a
crop destroyer, a malaria breeder
and a general all-around nuisance.
But like the villain in the play, its
days of evil sport are numbered.
Two years from now it will forsake
many of its old haunts and will set
tle down to a stralghter and more
Thirteen" hundred Daviess couuty
land owners who long have submit-
ted to Panther creek's caprices have
begun to administer surgical treat
ment in the form of the biggest
. drainage project ever undertaken In,
Kentucky. . It is to cost $624,000
and to be finished in two years.
Drainage ditches to a length of
thirty-five miles are about to be dug,
work having started last June on
the preliminaries. These ditches
will form straight cuts at points
where Panther wanders uluileisly
off in various and Inexplicable direc
tions, thus shortening the creek's
coarse' by many miles and providing
a fairly straight waterway.
Eleven Crossing Within a Mile
In one place the line of the ditch,
within the course of a mile, crosses
Panther creek eleven times. And
from the forks where meet Pan
ther's north and south branches
to the end of the project, the new
stream will travel ten miles, while
the old stream now travels fifty. Thjb
Just for Illustration of Panther's
waywardness and the need of cor
Panther creek, as It happens,
drains some 500,000 acres of the
finest land in one or Kentucky's
N most fertile counties Daviess. Jin
mc mortally the creek has made
much of this land unlit for cultiva
tion. Those with farms nearby Its
banks knew by the experience of
themselves and their fathors that
crops planted In ' the bottoms were
subjoct to flooding at the first heavy
rainfall, during which time Panther,
unable to ' carry Its burden, would
resort to the simple expedient of ov
erflowing. Panther's Rich Deposits
The drainage- canal will reclaim
from waste 65,500 acres adjacent to
it and the old creek bed. Here it
should be said that condemnation of
Panther should not be complete, for
it has permanently and remarkably
enriched the land with its deposits.
Supervising Engineer Clarence
Brown, who made some borings in
Panther creek valley incident to the
drainage work, reports that In many
places the same fine soil that exists
on the surface extends to a depth of
twelve to fourteen feet below. Pan
ther's process of filling and refilling,
therefore, has left the soil almost
Inexhaustibly fertile. And to show
how Partner's bottoms are valued,
some of the wettest land has sold
for $60 an acre, tho buyer assuming
the drainage tax.
No wonder, when it Is considered
that sixty to ninety bushels of corn
per acre, 1,500 to 1,700 pounds of
tobacco per acre and as much as
three tons of cured hay per acre
have been yielded by some - of this
Movement licguii In lit lie
It has been ten years since the
first steps were taken to correct
Panther creek. In 1912 W. K. Whlto
ly, J. H. Hickman, J. Hunter Bell
and C. A. Rogers, among many oth
ers, initiated proceedings to that
end. In 1915 a survey was made
by a federal, government engineer,.
J. V. Phillips, under the eye of tho
chief reclamation engineer of the
United States. Contracts for th
work were let In October, 1917, and
suits in opposition were filed in
1918. This opposition was dissi
pated in May, 1920, when the Court
of Appeals held that all steps had
been lawfully taken.
Bids Higher Than Hut limit es
One of the main points involved
in the litigation wus that the bids
for the work were higher than the
estimates made. This is forbidden
by the law, unless It can be shown
that bids are higher for good and
sufficient reason. J. R. Hays, attor
ney for the drainage commission,
who has conducted all the litigation
growing out of the project since
1916, convinced the court by exten
sive showing of labor and commodi
ty costs that the bids were reasona
ble. Opposition on other points de
veloped, but the lust suit wus decid
ed in January, 1922. Bonds iu the
umount of $550,000 have been is
sued and sold. So that now no ob
stacle for the work's completion re
mains. Some bitterness wus en
gendered by the legal fights. That
was inevitable. But that bitterness
is short-lived, and is fust disappear
ing. Interest lug From Legal Standpoint
Parenthetically, it may be suid the
lawsuits and court decisions grow
ing out of the Panther creek project
are very interesting' from a lawyer's
standpoint, for they have settled
practically every phase of Ken
tucky's drainage luw. Mr. Hays' ad
vice on drainage law questions, us a
consequence, is being sought by law
yers throughout Kentucky.
The. Druiuuge Commissioners
The drainage work was begun and
put on Its feet under the direction
of Ham Pope, T. J. Nowsom and Her
bert ' Dawson, commissioners, who
declined reappointment at the ex
piration of their terms. It was next
ably supervised by Commissioners
Stuart Lyddane, J. M. Taylor and R.
H. Ford. Messrs. Lyddane and Tay
lor finished out their terms, where
upon the commission was reduced to
one member. Mr. Ford was offered
a reappointment, accepted it and U
now engaged In careful and ellicient
supervision of the work.
According to Mr. Hays, much of
the credit for putting over the drain
age project belongs to 'Messrs.
Whitely, Hickman, Bell and Rogers.
These gentlemen, all of whom own
large tracts of land in Panther creek
valley, have supported and en
couraged both financially and mor
allyevery step taken to Insure the
drainage work. Others, too numer
ous to mention, have, says Mr.
Hays, helped in the same mauneV
and without the co-operation of the
latter the work of the former would
have been to no avail.
Highest and Lowevt AwtewunenU
The highest assessment of land in
the drainage district for drainage
purposes Is $18.66 per acre; the low
est $1.86. .
The new stream Is to extend In a
general northwesterly direction from
the southeastern part of the couuty
to the northwestern part. The south
prong begins on Mrs. SchulU's land
at Poplar Log bridge, crosses Hart-!
ford road and Hess bridge road and
Joins the north prong on the land of
Rogers ft Hughes near Pettit. '
the north prong begins at Whites-'
vllle bridge on the land of W. S.
Neel, then proceeds nearly due west
to Haynes Station road, thence
crosses Short Station road and
Lei tch field road, a mile and a half
south of Phllpot, and joins the
Proceeding westerly, the new
main stream crosses the L. tc N. at
Upper Pettit, the Owensboro an 1
Llvermore road at Lower Pettit, Cal
houn road at Kellers. There It
enters the creek for a mile and a
half and then cuts directly .went nt
Lyddano bridge roud. From there
to Green river th? old rhnn'!i via
be used afte,' drifts epve been c it
from the bed.
Sixteen steel bridges will ha built
at a cost of $S0.000, ono :he:
at the western end of the project, to
be a 124-foot affair over a thlvy
' V11I lis of Ditch
In the north prong the top width
of the new ditch varies from twen
ty-eight to sixty feet, with an aver
age depth of eleven feet. In tho
south prong the top width varies
from fifty-six feet to ninety at the
forks, with an average depth of
thirteen feet. The main stream Is
.wider from 124 to 136 feet, with a
depth of fourteen, except that in one
' stretch where deep work must be
done the depth will reach thirty-four
The Work's) Magnitude
To illustrate the magnitude of the i
jwork, In the north fork 727,000
j.c'ublc yards of earth must be remov
ed and 140 acres of right of way
nmst be cleared. In the south fork,
879,600 cubic yards, 2,200 of which j
I Is rock, and 190 acres iof right of;
, way. In one section of the main i
stream 1,101,000 cubic yards and
100 acres of right of way. In the
other section of the main stream,
where the deep work Is to be done,
925,500 cubic yards must be remov
ed and ten acres of right of way
cleared. The Louisville Post.
KKXTl't'KY CHOI' RKl'OKT
FOR NOVKMHEK, l2!i
Kentucky's total production of to
bacco, of ull types, in 1922 is esti
mated at 446,400,000 pounds In the
November crop report for Kentucky
issued today by the Louisville office
'. of the United States Bureau of Ag
ricultural Economics in cooperation
with State Commissioner of Agri
culture W. C. Hanua. This Is about
37 percent Increase over the 325,
710,000 pounds produced in Ken
tucky in 1921, but only about 96
percent of tho btate's average annual
production of 467,000,000 pounds
from 1916 to 19 2u, both Inclusive.
Iloth burley and dark typeB show a
sharp increase In acreage In Ken
tucky this year compared to 1921,
tho percent of Increase being great
er in the dark districts than iu tho
burley district. The averuge yield
per acre this year In Kentucky, in
cluding all types of tobacco, Is 800
pounds, as compared to 846 lbs. in
1921 and the 10-year average of
852 lbs. per acre. The United
Slates entire tobacco crop, of all
types, Is estimated at 1,330,275,000
pounds this season compared to 1.
075,418,000 pounds iu 1921, and an
1 average annual production of 1,377,-
j 866,000 pounds 1316-20, Inclusive.
Quulity of tobacco In Kentucky Is re-
I ported as 88 per cent this season
compared to 84 per cent In 1921,
while tho quality of the United
States total crop is 84.3 per cent
this season compared to 79.7 per
cent last year.
i The Kentucky corn crop this seu
son is estimated at 90,748,000 bus.
compared to 82,150,000 bus. lust
year and an average annual produc
tion of 97,152,000 bushels 1918-20,
Inclusive, while this year's Irish po
tato crop In Kentucky Is estimated
1 at 4,720,000 bus. or 25 percent more
than the 3,770,000 bus. produced u
this state in 1921. Other crops re
ported for Kentucky are: sweet
'potatoes 1,819,000 bus.; apples 5.-
.070,000 bus.; pears 150,000 bus.;
'clover seed 46.000 bus.; and sor
ghum sirup 8,984,000 gallons. Last
year Kentucky's production of these
crops was: sweet potatoes 1,871,-
000 bus.; apples 636,000 bus.; pears
'4,000 bus.; clover seed 84,000 bus.;
; and sorghum sirup 4,080,000 gal
It Is estimated that approximately
5 percent of Kentucky's acreage of
corn this season was put Into silos,
the average yield per acre being on
ly about 6.5 tons. About 83 per-,
ceut of this season's corn crop In
Kentucky Is reported as being mer
chantable, and furmers also report
they have only S percent of last
vjor's Kentucky corn crop still on
farms. The average yield of corn
per acre this year la Keutucky Is 28
1 i-ton Truck',
AH of the above
we can sell them
storage room is small, and we are closing out our
stock of used cars at very lev prices.
Come in; look them over; drive them;
your own satisfaction before
bushels, compared to 25.6 bus. per
were last year and a 10-year average
of 27.3 bushels.
KHEA AltMSTKONO! 1)K.1)
Sut'i'iiiuliM After Three Years Valiant
Fight Against Malignant
After a valiant fight of three years
uguium n.e eae. ia ui lume. ,, ,.,
Rhea Armstrong, well known cltiexu '
of Leitchlield. died Wednesday night
at 12:00 o'clock. !
For thirty-one years he held the
position of traveling salesman fon8tilll le n.imls ol- assistants of
tho Belknap Hardware Company, of William oiiihh or still hehl
Louisville, his territory being North -
em Indiana and Western Kentucky.
Mr. Armstrong was a man of pleasing
characteristics and made friends of
all his aquaiutances. He was u good
business man and linlncier, being
more thau ordinarily successful. A
year ago he retired from active work
on account of his health.
He is survived by his wife, an aged
mother, three sisters and four broth
ers. The funeral services will be held
in Leitchfleld this afternoon, with
burial at Rogerville, Tenn., his na
tive home. Leitchfleld Gazette.
TIIK PHOI'KIl COlltSK
liifoi'iuution of I'rlcelcfcss Value
Every Hartford Citizen
How to act In an emergency Is
knowledge of inestimable worth,
and this is particularly true of tho
diseases and ills of the human
body. If you suffer with kidney
backache, urinary disorders, or any
form of kidney trouble, the advlco
contained In the following state
ment should add a valuable asset to
your store of knowledge, What
could be more convincing proof of
the efficiency of Doun's Kidney Pills
than the statement of a Hartford
citizen who used them and who
publicly tells of the benefit derived?
Mrs. W. O. Himes, Madison St.,
Hartford, says: "Doan's Kidney
Pills are fine for kidney complaint.
My kidneys were irregular In no
tion. I had dreadful pains in my
side and over my kidneys. My back
pained so when I swept or stooped
I couldn't do my housework. I got
Doan's Kidney Pills at the Ohio
County Drug Co. and they practi
cally cured me. Since then, I have
taken Doan's occasionally and the
results were very satisfactory,"
Price 60c, at all dealers. Don't
simply ask for a kidney remedy
get Doan's Kidney Pills the same
that Mrs. Himes had. Foster-Mil-burn
Co.. Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y.
The Hartford Herald, II 80 the year
Starter and I). Pirns
Starter, P, Rims, Twin Ilasslers
Starter and' I faster
Cars are in first-class condition,
on ths time-payment plan.
BEAVER DAM, KY.
111 Itl.F.V POOL HAS 77,M0
Co-operative Olllcials Jubilant
Signing '! of .Ninety Per Cent
or 1022 Crop to the As.
I Lexington, Ky., Nov. 11. Addi
! tional new contracts received Satur
! day at the field service division of
! the Hurley Tobacco Growers' Co
operative Association Increased the
tota, ,,,,. (( to.,.0 grower who
,,.ive t,mt) ,,Uo llle As8()l.iatloIl Him.t.
,.,st fa , motv 21 f)1)0 ani, tUo
total to' slightly more thau 77.(100.
; jm.Ulllll,K Heveral hundred contracts
,)V co..ntv ..hairmen.
With tho goal of 75,000 members
reached and exceeded by more thau
2,000. olllcials of the Hurley Assu-
ciation aro jubilant ut tho result of
tho drive for new signers. The ac -
reage added by tho recent campaign!
and since the close of tho drive last
fall is in excess of 42,000, placing
me co-opcraiive in control 01 more
than nine-tenths of the crop of 1922.
The tabulation of tho new con
tracts has not been completed but it
was said at the offices of the Held
service that with the 76,401 con
tracts in tho ollice, about 700 moro
remain In tho hauds of workers and
that this latter figure might go as
hlzh as 800, which would mako tht
total membership 77,200 or more.
Director of Warehouses Ralph M.
Barker received word from President
James C. Stone, In New York, that
arrangements had been made with
the Liggett & Myers Tobacco Com
pany for the use of their warehouse
ut Huntington by the Association
temporarily uutll decision has been
made as to the definite location of a
receiving plant at Huntington. The
Association may take over the Lig
gett & Myers property, it wus said,
as the location is convenient aud the
price not high, considering real
estate values in that rapidly growls
NOTICE TO TAXPAYERS
To avoid penalty, pay your taxes
O. A. RALPH.
Sheriff Ohio County. 45-4t
WILLIAMS CLEANING OOMPANY
Your Local Cleaner is Not Equipped
Ollice and I'laut Coml St..
try them cut to
F0S SALE. (M EASY IMS.
! 'I he K. 15. Kent' row farm located
l I ono and one-half miles west of
NeartiH, Ky., on Canevilie and Crom
well road. :i miles from K. U. sta
tion conalHting of 125 acres. 100
acres in grasses and clovers, balance
iu young timber. None in cultivation
this year. room house, three
barns, granary and poultry houses,
all f. need and itghh fenced, fine
water and lots of It. Good land and
a money maker. See Hank of Cane;--ville,
Caneyvillo. Ky., or J. V. KKN-
i MOW , Nealiis, Ky., or write K. H.
! IIHNFKOW. Canon Citv. Colo.
1 I'F.OI'LK 1 01; WHOM TIIK 1SKST
j Is XOXK TOO GOOD
Are always the most outuusiuslio
concuriiliiB tho excellence of our
j D'lV t'LEAXIXG AXU
W(J ,mve ouu o Ulu wo.t t.mciunt
; , couutrv Fura tran-formed tn
to the mode very quickly. Men's and
women's garments altered in any
Wo dyo fur skins aud remodel
them in any way,
We tailor make nun's or ladies'
suit, 50.00 up. Latest styles. We
pay $..10 railroad faro 011 every cua
tout made Kuit ordered from us.
Send goods purcel post. We have
TIIK TKASDALE CO.
rA snuffy cold?
clears the nose
EYES EXAMINED FKEE!
I makt double visloa
Uct while vouit
Com Iu ine uJ mm
tii( my wonderful
ipcclacl work, 1
210 W. 1HID SI.
mid Uctnil Dyt'is nml
in iw South.
MAPISO.W1U K. KY.