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rut HARTFORD HERALD
10 FREE HALF MILLION ACRES FROM PANTHER CREEK drip On Rich Land to Be Br o ken By Progressive Citizens. OWKNHBORO Owensboro is one of Kentucky's most Important and attractive cities. It derives its importance from th large nun r and varied character of its Indt .les and from the exten sive commerce it transacts. Daviess county, of which Owens boro is the seat of Justice, runs neck and neck with Graves for the honor of being the greatest tobacco and corn county In the State. Long one of the largest tobacco markets In the world and an increas ingly popular location for industry, Owensboro Is a progressive and en lightened city. Its location on tho Ohio, midway between Louisville and Paducah, gives Owensboro a definite trading territory all its own. When the Dhlo Is opened from Pittsburg to Cairo, Owensboro's transportation facilities will be un excelled. It Is now served by three railroads, the Henderson Route, tho Illinois Central and the L. & N. In addition the new federal highway, the Ohio river route, passes through Owensboro and connects it with many miles of country. To give an Idea of Owensboro's financial size, its bank clearings tor 1921 amounted to more than $45, 000,000. The resources of its banks total more than $10,000,000. Its population Is between 20,000 and 25,000. it is not easy to lay one's finger on the factors that make Owensboro such a delightful place to live. For those factors go beyond Owensboro's mere physical good looks. In Its century of existence Owensboro has acquired a singular charm, a spirit that breathes of fragrant memories and cherished associations. This rather elusive quality is evident in the courtesy and generosity of Ow ensboro's citizenship which is dis tinguished by Its loyalty to the old town's past and its belief in Owens boro's future. (BY RALPH COGHLAN) Owensboro, Ky., Oct., 24. If there is a more crooked stream in the world than Panther creek, Dav iess county would like to hear about It. For a distance of perhaps 150 miles through this county Panther creek performs such a continuous series of bends and curves as would make a professional coutodtlonlst weep with envy. On a large map of Daviess county it looks like a gigantic snake writh ing in a death agony. And those who have followed its tortuous wind ings say that no map can do it Jus tice. A crow flying across Panther k-reek's valley would cross it oftener than It has feathers. Moreover, the same crow would see it in some places as no more than a rivulet; in others as a lake five or six miles In diameter. Panther creek has no conscience. For many years it has been a most exasperating maker of mischief, a crop destroyer, a malaria breeder and a general all-around nuisance. But like the villain in the play, its days of evil sport are numbered. Two years from now it will forsake many of its old haunts and will set tle down to a stralghter and more praise-worthy existence. Thirteen" hundred Daviess couuty land owners who long have submit- ted to Panther creek's caprices have begun to administer surgical treat ment in the form of the biggest . drainage project ever undertaken In, Kentucky. . It is to cost $624,000 and to be finished in two years. Drainage ditches to a length of thirty-five miles are about to be dug, work having started last June on the preliminaries. These ditches will form straight cuts at points where Panther wanders uluileisly off in various and Inexplicable direc tions, thus shortening the creek's coarse' by many miles and providing a fairly straight waterway. Eleven Crossing Within a Mile In one place the line of the ditch, within the course of a mile, crosses Panther creek eleven times. And from the forks where meet Pan ther's north and south branches to the end of the project, the new stream will travel ten miles, while the old stream now travels fifty. Thjb Just for Illustration of Panther's waywardness and the need of cor rection measures. Panther creek, as It happens, drains some 500,000 acres of the finest land in one or Kentucky's N most fertile counties Daviess. Jin mc mortally the creek has made much of this land unlit for cultiva tion. Those with farms nearby Its banks knew by the experience of themselves and their fathors that crops planted In ' the bottoms were subjoct to flooding at the first heavy rainfall, during which time Panther, unable to ' carry Its burden, would resort to the simple expedient of ov erflowing. Panther's Rich Deposits The drainage- canal will reclaim from waste 65,500 acres adjacent to it and the old creek bed. Here it should be said that condemnation of Panther should not be complete, for it has permanently and remarkably enriched the land with its deposits. Supervising Engineer Clarence Brown, who made some borings in Panther creek valley incident to the drainage work, reports that In many places the same fine soil that exists on the surface extends to a depth of twelve to fourteen feet below. Pan ther's process of filling and refilling, therefore, has left the soil almost Inexhaustibly fertile. And to show how Partner's bottoms are valued, some of the wettest land has sold for $60 an acre, tho buyer assuming the drainage tax. No wonder, when it Is considered that sixty to ninety bushels of corn per acre, 1,500 to 1,700 pounds of tobacco per acre and as much as three tons of cured hay per acre have been yielded by some - of this lti ..i. Movement licguii In lit lie It has been ten years since the first steps were taken to correct Panther creek. In 1912 W. K. Whlto ly, J. H. Hickman, J. Hunter Bell and C. A. Rogers, among many oth ers, initiated proceedings to that end. In 1915 a survey was made by a federal, government engineer,. J. V. Phillips, under the eye of tho chief reclamation engineer of the United States. Contracts for th work were let In October, 1917, and suits in opposition were filed in 1918. This opposition was dissi pated in May, 1920, when the Court of Appeals held that all steps had been lawfully taken. Bids Higher Than Hut limit es One of the main points involved in the litigation wus that the bids for the work were higher than the estimates made. This is forbidden by the law, unless It can be shown that bids are higher for good and sufficient reason. J. R. Hays, attor ney for the drainage commission, who has conducted all the litigation growing out of the project since 1916, convinced the court by exten sive showing of labor and commodi ty costs that the bids were reasona ble. Opposition on other points de veloped, but the lust suit wus decid ed in January, 1922. Bonds iu the umount of $550,000 have been is sued and sold. So that now no ob stacle for the work's completion re mains. Some bitterness wus en gendered by the legal fights. That was inevitable. But that bitterness is short-lived, and is fust disappear ing. Interest lug From Legal Standpoint Parenthetically, it may be suid the lawsuits and court decisions grow ing out of the Panther creek project are very interesting' from a lawyer's standpoint, for they have settled practically every phase of Ken tucky's drainage luw. Mr. Hays' ad vice on drainage law questions, us a consequence, is being sought by law yers throughout Kentucky. The. Druiuuge Commissioners The drainage work was begun and put on Its feet under the direction of Ham Pope, T. J. Nowsom and Her bert ' Dawson, commissioners, who declined reappointment at the ex piration of their terms. It was next ably supervised by Commissioners Stuart Lyddane, J. M. Taylor and R. H. Ford. Messrs. Lyddane and Tay lor finished out their terms, where upon the commission was reduced to one member. Mr. Ford was offered a reappointment, accepted it and U now engaged In careful and ellicient supervision of the work. According to Mr. Hays, much of the credit for putting over the drain age project belongs to 'Messrs. Whitely, Hickman, Bell and Rogers. These gentlemen, all of whom own large tracts of land in Panther creek valley, have supported and en couraged both financially and mor allyevery step taken to Insure the drainage work. Others, too numer ous to mention, have, says Mr. Hays, helped in the same mauneV and without the co-operation of the latter the work of the former would have been to no avail. Highest and Lowevt AwtewunenU The highest assessment of land in the drainage district for drainage purposes Is $18.66 per acre; the low est $1.86. . The new stream Is to extend In a general northwesterly direction from the southeastern part of the couuty to the northwestern part. The south prong begins on Mrs. SchulU's land at Poplar Log bridge, crosses Hart-! ford road and Hess bridge road and Joins the north prong on the land of Rogers ft Hughes near Pettit. ' the north prong begins at Whites-' vllle bridge on the land of W. S. Neel, then proceeds nearly due west to Haynes Station road, thence crosses Short Station road and Lei tch field road, a mile and a half south of Phllpot, and joins the south prong. Proceeding westerly, the new main stream crosses the L. tc N. at Upper Pettit, the Owensboro an 1 Llvermore road at Lower Pettit, Cal houn road at Kellers. There It enters the creek for a mile and a half and then cuts directly .went nt Lyddano bridge roud. From there to Green river th? old rhnn'!i via be used afte,' drifts epve been c it from the bed. Sixteen steel bridges will ha built at a cost of $S0.000, ono :he: at the western end of the project, to be a 124-foot affair over a thlvy foot cut. ' V11I lis of Ditch In the north prong the top width of the new ditch varies from twen ty-eight to sixty feet, with an aver age depth of eleven feet. In tho south prong the top width varies from fifty-six feet to ninety at the forks, with an average depth of thirteen feet. The main stream Is .wider from 124 to 136 feet, with a depth of fourteen, except that in one ' stretch where deep work must be done the depth will reach thirty-four , feet. The Work's) Magnitude To illustrate the magnitude of the i jwork, In the north fork 727,000 j.c'ublc yards of earth must be remov ed and 140 acres of right of way nmst be cleared. In the south fork, 879,600 cubic yards, 2,200 of which j I Is rock, and 190 acres iof right of; , way. In one section of the main i stream 1,101,000 cubic yards and 100 acres of right of way. In the other section of the main stream, where the deep work Is to be done, 925,500 cubic yards must be remov ed and ten acres of right of way cleared. The Louisville Post. KKXTl't'KY CHOI' RKl'OKT FOR NOVKMHEK, l2!i Kentucky's total production of to bacco, of ull types, in 1922 is esti mated at 446,400,000 pounds In the November crop report for Kentucky issued today by the Louisville office '. of the United States Bureau of Ag ricultural Economics in cooperation with State Commissioner of Agri culture W. C. Hanua. This Is about 37 percent Increase over the 325, 710,000 pounds produced in Ken tucky in 1921, but only about 96 percent of tho btate's average annual production of 467,000,000 pounds from 1916 to 19 2u, both Inclusive. Iloth burley and dark typeB show a sharp increase In acreage In Ken tucky this year compared to 1921, tho percent of Increase being great er in the dark districts than iu tho burley district. The averuge yield per acre this year In Kentucky, in cluding all types of tobacco, Is 800 pounds, as compared to 846 lbs. in 1921 and the 10-year average of 852 lbs. per acre. The United Slates entire tobacco crop, of all types, Is estimated at 1,330,275,000 pounds this season compared to 1. 075,418,000 pounds iu 1921, and an 1 average annual production of 1,377,- j 866,000 pounds 1316-20, Inclusive. Quulity of tobacco In Kentucky Is re- I ported as 88 per cent this season compared to 84 per cent In 1921, while tho quality of the United States total crop is 84.3 per cent this season compared to 79.7 per cent last year. i The Kentucky corn crop this seu son is estimated at 90,748,000 bus. compared to 82,150,000 bus. lust year and an average annual produc tion of 97,152,000 bushels 1918-20, Inclusive, while this year's Irish po tato crop In Kentucky Is estimated 1 at 4,720,000 bus. or 25 percent more than the 3,770,000 bus. produced u this state in 1921. Other crops re ported for Kentucky are: sweet 'potatoes 1,819,000 bus.; apples 5.- .070,000 bus.; pears 150,000 bus.; 'clover seed 46.000 bus.; and sor ghum sirup 8,984,000 gallons. Last year Kentucky's production of these crops was: sweet potatoes 1,871,- 000 bus.; apples 636,000 bus.; pears '4,000 bus.; clover seed 84,000 bus.; ; and sorghum sirup 4,080,000 gal , Ions. It Is estimated that approximately 5 percent of Kentucky's acreage of corn this season was put Into silos, the average yield per acre being on ly about 6.5 tons. About 83 per-, ceut of this season's corn crop In Kentucky Is reported as being mer chantable, and furmers also report they have only S percent of last vjor's Kentucky corn crop still on farms. The average yield of corn per acre this year la Keutucky Is 28 1918 Touring 1922 Touring, 1021 Touring, 1021 Touriiiff, 1021 Touring. 1 i-ton Truck', 1021 Roadster, AH of the above we can sell them storage room is small, and we are closing out our stock of used cars at very lev prices. Come in; look them over; drive them; your own satisfaction before eaver bushels, compared to 25.6 bus. per were last year and a 10-year average of 27.3 bushels. KHEA AltMSTKONO! 1)K.1) Sut'i'iiiuliM After Three Years Valiant Fight Against Malignant Cancer After a valiant fight of three years uguium n.e eae. ia ui lume. ,, ,., Rhea Armstrong, well known cltiexu ' of Leitchlield. died Wednesday night at 12:00 o'clock. ! For thirty-one years he held the position of traveling salesman fon8tilll le n.imls ol- assistants of tho Belknap Hardware Company, of William oiiihh or still hehl Louisville, his territory being North - em Indiana and Western Kentucky. Mr. Armstrong was a man of pleasing characteristics and made friends of all his aquaiutances. He was u good business man and linlncier, being more thau ordinarily successful. A year ago he retired from active work on account of his health. He is survived by his wife, an aged mother, three sisters and four broth ers. The funeral services will be held in Leitchfleld this afternoon, with burial at Rogerville, Tenn., his na tive home. Leitchfleld Gazette. TIIK PHOI'KIl COlltSK liifoi'iuution of I'rlcelcfcss Value Every Hartford Citizen lo How to act In an emergency Is knowledge of inestimable worth, and this is particularly true of tho diseases and ills of the human body. If you suffer with kidney backache, urinary disorders, or any form of kidney trouble, the advlco contained In the following state ment should add a valuable asset to your store of knowledge, What could be more convincing proof of the efficiency of Doun's Kidney Pills than the statement of a Hartford citizen who used them and who publicly tells of the benefit derived? Mrs. W. O. Himes, Madison St., Hartford, says: "Doan's Kidney Pills are fine for kidney complaint. My kidneys were irregular In no tion. I had dreadful pains in my side and over my kidneys. My back pained so when I swept or stooped I couldn't do my housework. I got Doan's Kidney Pills at the Ohio County Drug Co. and they practi cally cured me. Since then, I have taken Doan's occasionally and the results were very satisfactory," Price 60c, at all dealers. Don't simply ask for a kidney remedy get Doan's Kidney Pills the same that Mrs. Himes had. Foster-Mil-burn Co.. Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y. Advertisement. The Hartford Herald, II 80 the year USED FORDS Plain Starter and I). Pirns Starter, P, Rims, Twin Ilasslers Starter almost new Starter and' I faster Cars are in first-class condition, on ths time-payment plan. DamAuio'Oo. BEAVER DAM, KY. 111 Itl.F.V POOL HAS 77,M0 aa.. KMIOLLKi); 2,1)00 Co-operative Olllcials Jubilant Signing '! of .Ninety Per Cent or 1022 Crop to the As. Koelatiou I Lexington, Ky., Nov. 11. Addi ! tional new contracts received Satur ! day at the field service division of ! the Hurley Tobacco Growers' Co operative Association Increased the tota, ,,,,. (( to.,.0 grower who ,,.ive t,mt) ,,Uo llle As8()l.iatloIl Him.t. ,.,st fa , motv 21 f)1)0 ani, tUo total to' slightly more thau 77.(100. ; jm.Ulllll,K Heveral hundred contracts ,)V co..ntv ..hairmen. With tho goal of 75,000 members reached and exceeded by more thau 2,000. olllcials of the Hurley Assu- ciation aro jubilant ut tho result of tho drive for new signers. The ac - reage added by tho recent campaign! and since the close of tho drive last fall is in excess of 42,000, placing me co-opcraiive in control 01 more than nine-tenths of the crop of 1922. The tabulation of tho new con tracts has not been completed but it was said at the offices of the Held service that with the 76,401 con tracts in tho ollice, about 700 moro remain In tho hauds of workers and that this latter figure might go as hlzh as 800, which would mako tht total membership 77,200 or more. Director of Warehouses Ralph M. Barker received word from President James C. Stone, In New York, that arrangements had been made with the Liggett & Myers Tobacco Com pany for the use of their warehouse ut Huntington by the Association temporarily uutll decision has been made as to the definite location of a receiving plant at Huntington. The Association may take over the Lig gett & Myers property, it wus said, as the location is convenient aud the price not high, considering real estate values in that rapidly growls city. NOTICE TO TAXPAYERS To avoid penalty, pay your taxes at once. O. A. RALPH. Sheriff Ohio County. 45-4t WILLIAMS CLEANING OOMPANY Lirgi'Kt Vloli!HH.Ift Cleiiiiers If Your Local Cleaner is Not Equipped WE s:ip vu Ollice and I'laut Coml St.. 75.00 2,5.0O $:i.rn.io .'?50.00 $250.00 s?.,fi0.f!0 $27."). (Ml and try them cut to buying. F0S SALE. (M EASY IMS. ! 'I he K. 15. Kent' row farm located l I ono and one-half miles west of NeartiH, Ky., on Canevilie and Crom well road. :i miles from K. U. sta tion conalHting of 125 acres. 100 acres in grasses and clovers, balance iu young timber. None in cultivation this year. room house, three barns, granary and poultry houses, all f. need and itghh fenced, fine water and lots of It. Good land and a money maker. See Hank of Cane;--ville, Caneyvillo. Ky., or J. V. KKN- i MOW , Nealiis, Ky., or write K. H. ! IIHNFKOW. Canon Citv. Colo. 10-::tp. , 1 I'F.OI'LK 1 01; WHOM TIIK 1SKST j Is XOXK TOO GOOD Are always the most outuusiuslio concuriiliiB tho excellence of our j D'lV t'LEAXIXG AXU j liVF'vc W(J ,mve ouu o Ulu wo.t t.mciunt i:kmoii;i,i.; depaktmexts ; , couutrv Fura tran-formed tn to the mode very quickly. Men's and women's garments altered in any way desired. Wo dyo fur skins aud remodel them in any way, We tailor make nun's or ladies' suit, 50.00 up. Latest styles. We pay $..10 railroad faro 011 every cua tout made Kuit ordered from us. Send goods purcel post. We have no agents. TIIK TKASDALE CO. Walnut Street Cincinnati, Ohio. rA snuffy cold? MENTK0LATUM clears the nose passages., EYES EXAMINED FKEE! I makt double visloa Uct while vouit Com Iu ine uJ mm tii( my wonderful ipcclacl work, 1 tuaianlcc MtbUciiMft FRANK PARDON 210 W. 1HID SI. WtNSOOItO.ftCIITUCftV mid Uctnil Dyt'is nml in iw South. ARE! iVrt. MAPISO.W1U K. KY.