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Iowa territorial gazette and advertiser. [volume] (Burlington, Iowa Territory [Iowa]) 1840-1846, June 01, 1844, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84037932/1844-06-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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g, JAMBS Clarke.]
.hall fc«v
7rrtae«e-**«f» «1«»"
wi"
i
»•»»..,
I^6ajcttc anfc ^Vbucrtiscr
n publi«hed weekly
BIT JAMES CLARKE,
mitt, burlingtow, tflprA m»'r.
p*
terms:
Doix«*s f»" annum. p»««l advenst
J" (foU.1U at the \[»ir»lion of the year.
di-« ontinned ontill
If****
all ar
)fi n paid, utile*. at the option
^-d.tor.: »»J *«l»«-riptioi. ill be received
t«riu San three month*. All tub
,krrt*r I
for W»» lh»" mint be paid in
u,,de
corr.
cerr
Dr.ALr.Rs is
ri
»|acr Cf«-r*l Mrrefcaai»r.
JEKf'KRSO.N STREET,
Bmrlimgtom, to**-
WILUiX GARRETT,
ft«)c«ale and Retail Dealer in Dry floods
5
groceries. Hardware. Hoot?. Shoes,
Ready Made Clothinc. &c., &.C.
SIGN OF THE GREAT WESTERN,
tjiMfti Main ano Jfkfer.'ojj iiuit.
f)mrli*gip*. Iowa.
IbAW KOTICE.
A V I O K
literacy Coiitl^ltor at UWj
IJl'RUNC.TO.V IOWA.
IM2.-V
eKIM££ AND STARK.
\'u^ Cv.r.niMiis AXhH e n y w sf v n
,1 fcnTf th» rt»»1ve« forth,- prac tier ot
ntlit. nii.rtai' *1*0* e Mile, an! will attend to
ba.iix in tile liitf.T.nt rouut.t
tk*«fp«viVu rfvt of thV Territory •itf
Jtmy4 ,:t I.,nr. S t'iribfr Ckmm
WJ,*»4 Tow n' 1 of Drrrh/o. ike $itU of If. Y.t
hvtXadisoii. loii A TctHlolfV
Ij* 'mi 'i is rut Co. r.i il- i .^E.
JM 1"—tf
A. IK URLEK,
Attorney and Counsellor 61
Burlington Iowa.
fa»e 24th, 1843— 6m. ptl
jt*s
i*r$ w, wooes An 1
brtnv th«
fcrfcajten Iowa.
*•$. m-tf
fc JOHNSTON, jtiwwji at law. For
MmIimh, Iowa Temi.«rj
Mn SL SHI n.». i o.v
j^Hl"FU.KTO.\ ikt.RAV
t, iMicM.Jciltiica Count* luw*.
»«ij !«.
WBoau..
I Hu». H. t.UAV
Attorney, at Law
4 ,"i-4f
UW PARTNERSHIP.
toamUKT BE. .xn M. MMAN
flEXN Sl MORGAN,
Attorneys & Counsellors at Law
*.\D LAM) & l.KMr.nAl. AOHMS.
Bl'RUGTt.. IOT.A.
DT ll» HhnghttMl!
pcrnianentl) »el'.l«d in Bu}-'!njr*n?l
«t»r» lt» pn.fr»-iuii«l sei-rtctf to all thoie
a\ d. tire 111. m.
ison ihe orntr of W aahington and
UW !jir».|f.
*}». th.m43-tf
H. T. Ilnftrt^
AtTORSf.V AND COCNSELLOR at Law.
A "•rloigtot!: Iowa. Ortice in the bn.-k build
»a Ham Mr«-»t rppocite the (i.taaite- «&c(.
1
*-0—111-
Ift IK Millki
Attorskv
at Law i nd Solicitor in Chancery
will practice ir. the several rourt« of the first
j*'*"' '*tr»ct. OSic*. iu the britk bdi'.diag op
h*«e the Uainte office.
T^. attend to the drawing and taking
tilt acknowledgment of Deed- Mort
e». 4 oiic- [Recordert Ofricc,!
SS#I
iilTt carpekter,
Watchmaker & Jcwcllc
*«ar Wf Mrntr of" Jtfftnon iirctt,
BURLINGTON, IOWA.
CEORfeE BUt KHAH.^
Main and Wathinglcn streets
opposite the Post Office.
Burlington, lowav
Ihumea Hitf
-.1 I**mMt?
T»lIK
C1OATHS

in-
JUST
Lsw*
at Uw. OCt.
mi Mki* itrMt
W.BOWIK. \tt i»f^* at I .*«•.« il' practise
1 .« \W« xmilOoart* o the Terfciloi f.
mik cttfjer^f Atain aad Wk.hiugton
ttrret*. W»
maujwww. Oct. IS. 1MB
Hr THOMrso.V, attori.ry «n1 oin«eHor at
t? Ua, »nd i°innr!lnr ami xilicilor in Chan
cen »l»o *nt fr the pmchafe and mle tf rtal
M«i. Moaat rir»«»nt. Ilenry county. Ii wi.
no $. 'S9
irart omI CMiwerlfer at Law
'May S9,1S4.
M"o..Cm?!»•«
r.Ho-.ui.
KUD
'••f.Sty.i
.' fl&Sfe
Boat StSil-es:
Subscriber* are prepared to furnish ail
kluu* of lion! tit the lowest rates, at
.he Same Hand they ocu|ii«-(l U«t «ea«.ri. l»ut
.o.i*gt ,* ,oli.-iud. k. U. UAAD&co.
march 2, 1841,
I'. S. All citicen* or travellers wishing for pas
sage up or down tbk wef By stenm boat, by leav
ing their iiaiuei with the •t'bicribcr* will be aot'i
tud nt their lodging* oil ihe arrival of the boat
they require. E. D. It. fc Co.
House, Sign and Fancy Fainting.
& HAWKINS, (Valley street, be-
tween Main and Water,) will execute eve
ry description of Painting, plain and ornamental,
inJ^C..h.est
and
^irjT.oToN* Don tn aa.l Coreyery ...h.e- 1 hey respectfully ask ashah: af^iUnage.
***?.I^ftion Yirrr Cknt* wit! be charged. A
CjaiKoa-t
"I100 *d*cr
». ri—*' be paid op all communications sent
*£&**•
T. L. MMOXt
fc PARSOSI,
mo5.t appn.ved style.
apr 27 '44—tf
T. F. Ooodhue,
Attorneythe
ANBooks,
and cou.xmu.i.or ati.aw.
Office on corner of Washiilttdlt *nd
Maintreet«. Burlington, Iowa.
Stmt 16, 1343—If ,n. ...
School Books.
Tr^TT
assortment of School Bxotii,'ftanli
Slates, &.c.
Writing Paper, Quills, Ink,
[Oct 23 ,] J-S DAVID.
EXCIIAK6G
ON
tk« Eastern Cities, St. Louis tad New
Oilcans, for sale by
Nsv.4,'43. F. J. PEASLEY.
Glassware.
received, glass tumblers of all kinda,
qltatt 5tid pint decanters, pint flasks, salt
cellars, fcrHett#, mslasscs can* 1-2 and I 4 gal
lon jars, com. lanterns, glass saucers, round
dishes, oblong do^ gl»S# pistes, cream pitch
ers, sugar bo Wit, wine aliases, jelltis, ink
standi), glasi knobs of all sixes, and a great
many articles to» tedious to mention, all of
which will be sold loW for cash, bv
TOCommiMiioii
Iowa.
jr*ran*atio|i wiil bV j*nl tttriuim* for'landtin rt^llk proprietor
breed true I. ami
JAMES VV. GRIMES,
IIKNRV W. STARR.
'4. (ist
B. S. IIORERTS
Wv. (JARRETT,
•pr JO *44 ri|h t)f the Great Western.
MX S. DAVID, Ce
Mcrclini
Mr
^wivoreiitim^Uh^all0*"
Wh0 fcm
EFAIf EVAKfft
ttMRKR Mkkchint an., ('aitPKNTfti iNn
LUMBER MERCHANT,^am LAttPKMTfif ahd
Joiner.
Shop on South si.l'- of Jefferson auewt, be
iwecn (he National titid Western Hotels,
Be RtiiNCTov, Iowa.
WILLIAM GRElJE
Book Binder and lilank Hook Manufacturer, B«r
linjton, loiva.
Geo. fattison,
O I S S I O N E N
No. 32 Lafayette Street, corner of Foucher st.
NEW ORLEANS.
Dee. S3,1843—ly (Hawkeye copy.
Soap.
25
BOXES ef Boston -No. I Soan. for sale, bv
apr 13, E. I). RAND. & Co.
e. O. RAMD. r. J. C. PKASIJCY.
El D. RA.\U h, CO.
Dealers in Groceries. l'io\nioti«. Boat Store, &•'.
Itc. One door above the «toi e of F. J. I'easley.
Water Street, Burlington Iowa Territory.
Palm Leaf Hats.
Doz. Palm l*af Hat* ju«t received and fo'
tale, wholesale and retail, I'V
WM. ARRETT,
apl 6 '44 Corner Main and Jeflcr^on St.
50
Iter. i. It45—tf (»arkeye copy.)
WlLUl* B, REMEV
NOTARY Ft'BLlCj
LARD.
KEGS choice Lard put np for family
u*e and for sale by S DAVI6.
(Hawkove copv.)
150
March t.
Mfchodu
Marc^ 4—tf
Kpiacopal
1
cctukhi ro Ra-noc Kitinv ic Co.
Plate*, Copper, Sheet Iron,
•sb cc.and manufacturer* of Stoves of every
pattern?—alo, the Jewett's Im-
Car-j Plough, Si. Louis Mo.
jmay 29,
Lcman L'6OK
'BlfcH A COOH
•a*f*CT«8£W JF TIN. COPPER AND SREEt
IRON WARE.
fd. t4
J'ff'riOB StrMt* Barl"««M.*
•raateental Paintitig
-*0UD
W»TH
HEATS ESS AMI) DfiSPATCH
»*, BAMtsft wait. n»-
Wt,
Pafi'our faxes!!
^Ot NTY ORDERS for -ale by
rj«n13] RHXIMA^ ROTHERS
Frakcis Kriogwajc Joseph RrioOMAW
llKttD«l«Allf AROf HERS,
Commission and Produce Merchants, and Dealers
ii Foreign and Domestic Dry (ioods, Groce
rent*, Hardware amJ Queeusware.
Sep. 30. ... Burlington, Iotth.
Wm. H. I'osTLBwitnr Jas. Crkkoaw
Postlewait
6t
Creegaii^
Wholesale, and Retaii dealers in Dry floods, Gro
•eries. Hardware, Shoes, Boot*, Hals, Bon
nets, Stationery. Iron, JS'alU, C'a»tiHgi,
ftc. 4c. Jtt.
Tomer Main Shtl Jfefferson Sis., Bbrlingtbb, I.T.
FKAKCEST t. ?EA§LEfV~
WATER STREET,
BURLINGTON, IOWA.
DEALER tiX
Groceries, Paints and
QVAJftUB IDRT-SMDOBSs ISABUDWXJii,
Quttnncare. Iron, Halt, Caps,
Bmoit, Shoes, ifc.
5S~.' -3SSS**J^r"*"
^t#*!,i-n
IOWa llOilE)
Sttttm-boai Landing, llloomingtotti, town
I ^1IF. andcraigned, late of the Hurlington
1 House, respectfully announces to the
cititens oCthe town and county, aa well as
the travelling community, tllrtt lid has taken
the IOWA lUHlPE, formerly occupied by
Mrs. Pnrrott, luted it up in a comfortnble mau
ler, and hopea by unremitted exertions, and
fsi1v! iai attcMlon^ to merit pnH?r pstronrge.
The iluttse ia sititatrd elope to the landing, in
the business pitft of the town, so gentlemen
wishing to take the river from this place, are
sure of having an opptftttl'iity of going*by the
firat boat.
His TaSI.E shall At alt times he SMppUed
with the best the country aHordsi the BAR
with the clioiceet Wines and Ll(|Uors, and his
STABLE well provided with grain, with care
ful and rttentive Ostlers.
From his lor. e^pcVience, and deteftttina
tion to spare no pains toren.ler his gUest* com
fortable, lie flatters himself that he will be
pble to give en'.ire satislacti. n to all tVho may
iavorhiin with their patrU)^^i b.
From Kendall's Expositor.
IIENRY ri.A* AOAIK8T THE
FRONTIER SETTLER.
When Jlenry, .Clay in early life, wifU a
member ci the Kentucky Legislature, the
new settlers in the southern rt of that
State, asked indulgence in Uie payments for
liinds which they had purchased the Statb
and then occuni^l Sf cu, "rtof I
indiilweiiro'ivith «n ii i
that
through t! fe Green Rivfer county, as it was I
,nolion of
4
IN,. HfcPERENCES:--!5
:f
Messrs.^Edgeil & MulforH, Keic Orleans.
Asa Farr, Jr.,
u Ira Todd A Sops, V Si. Loi*s.
Greely, Keith It Ray,1
Oct 1, 1842
1• ,'rjt.. Ui.
Kid Slippers.
MR-
TVCKY
bulled, electioneering for the office of Gov-! CLAY being of course one of the
ernor, he found it expedient to disavow all
Public Lands to secure their homes by'c
paying the minimum price for the
A l'ill -To grant pre-emption rights tb
settlers on the public lands,'' was accofd
ingly introtiuced ot which the following
was the leading provisions viz:
enernl k.h i». ,iinij aim enacted by the Senate and House tiss, Preston, lluggles/f every man a whig.
I of Representatives of the United States of Many other amendments tending to ren
«-v Produce, &c. A,.-., on at. r, between Alneriea in Congress assembled, That ev- dor the I ill less fuvora|rfe to settlers were
\\-«h"%ton and Coluinb.a cry actual settler on the public lands, being proposed, fqr all of fhich Henry Clay
r—— —7-, .the head of a f.mily. or over twenty-one voted.
HENRY HOISE) years, who has in possession, rtnd a house Page 156* tlit fiill wlkS jmssetl by a vote
Yeas 31 to Navs
PLEASANT-, HENRY COUNTY, IOWA, I keeper by personal residence thereon, on of Yeas 31 to Nays
furnished is hon-. or before the first day of December, eigh-! _Nay s,-Messrs. Rty^-d,Calhoun,CLAY*
1 «««»y in th^ Ten itory. i.prepared to'toe,, hundred and thirty sever, shall be en- OF fvENTUCKY, (Jay ton. Crittenden,
acconiniodatc any nunib^r nt ner*ou i it the most i, ,i. .. ... »v i ,*T^ ....
acrept:.ble iiiamier. tn soliritinp the |)»tronage i to all the benefits and privileges of raj ham, 11
tpit ington, Jverrick,
of the public, the nnder»i»nrd would tal.e this or-: an act entitled "An act to grant pre-emp- Phelps, Prentiss, Pfrefton, Rives. Roane,
r]'^
lo se(t,crs
May a, 1843—v. P. C. TIFFANY approve! May twenty-ninth, eighteen hun- These
on t':e 27th, January 1^8, Mr. Merrick
ac
Wil.LIAM FRYB.
Bloomington, June 18,184I.
granted by this act, or the ct hereby re* Sees
vived, shall hot accrue to any other per
sons than those who were, on the 1st day
of December, 1S37. citizens oftlie United
States and such citizenship shall in all
eases be established by leg-.il and competent
testimony, to the satisfaction of the Regis
ter and Receiver cf* the Land Distribt in
which the lahds may be, prior to any entry
^a-v Wh A
CLAY OF KEN-
'-Sre, 2. And be it further enacted.1.
That all settlements, on the public lands
subsequent to the first day of December 'ie
1837, shall be, and the same afe strictly
au'je 9!! persons who may settle on the
T7 lrt
ri^-nv I
Page 916 of the Jourhal of that Session,
Mr N orvell moved an amendment to ex
tend the Act of 1838 "to the 22d day of
June 1842" which Was adopted, Yeas 25,
Nays 11. Amongthe Nays was HENRY
CLAY
At the third reading of the Bill, page,
Ak PAIR LADIES' KIP SLlPjERSfAm
2])U 1-2 to |1 25 also, 100 p* women's the following proceedings stand re- th^ Mr. Clay w
Mnr-qiftrteriboes, n y A
6 0
TRUTH, CRUSHED TO EAWH, WIU P"g AOA.IN."
BURLINGTON, IOWA: SATURDAY, jUNE i, IS44.
4,2d.
n,?iri&
Pu°r
the
e»n"
relationship with Henry Clay. 10 P3?**1'
by Mr. Clay both in votes and speeches 5, 1'
while he was a member of Congress. We! ^"7
shall give a few of the proofs which, if ne- I A*t t'l0 k
cessary, could be multiplied almost without' ,lhe
P^° 7-f'-
t,le
land
*.
Sess,0»'ll
s
and also a law reducing atid graduating the I "On moti«n of Mr. |fanguin td Mncnd
price, so that emigrants might pitrchase the the Hill by inserting, section 1, l?ne 4, af
secoiid and 3rd rate land at less tliali $1,- ter the word 'man,'" the^ ords being a bit
25 per acre. izen of the United Stat#."
«he public lands," J^jgglos, Southard," «1 Whigs but two.
died and thirty and the said is hereby re- WD. Let us now see what he SAID,
vived and continued in force two years." We have before us copies of three let
While this Bill was under consideration
CO\USO
A
1
thereof, by virtue if the provisions of this
lishcd
t0 amend the Bill by adding regret that I have not a copy of it by me to
thereto the following section: viz. transmit to j-ou.
In
inS
Page 183, Mr. Prentiss moved the fol- was stated I think by Mr. Young of Illin
lowing amendment: riS. ois, in the Senate, tlittt I had applied dc
"Nor shall any person have any right, Sratf'n? epithets to the pre-cmptioners, I
or.be entitled to a patent, under or by vir-1 denied it positively? and my correction was
tue of this act, without paying, in addition published in the Intelligencer, but regret
to the statute minimum pr!cb, at leflst one that I have ho Copy by me."
half of the real value of the land above that1. 'lI
Titvv°1'011 ^r," KEN- 2. Mr. Clay denies using the expres
1 LCKY to commit the Jull with ins
true- sions ia relation to pre-etnpt ioners whic!)
tions: i__ i
l0ence Ul» sucn bitterness that he ex- other grant, can be the {abject of creating rectly pulflslied." In Uu.t paper of the
cited against hiftl the un^oi^pt omisiag hos- the relation of lessor and lessee.
i i ^.^eol 'n
rt gion. So high "3d.. To strike out tbrf section, r«vivinir
did the kehng rise, tliat when Gen Green the right to floats." 7
Clay/ some time iferwardi travelled! t+ i
n
,,
This hostility to the frontier settier haS uiuv'^1'1®?*yS"
been frequently and decisively manifested'
8
i.
y
I**8
8' Na^,
Yea9
26' N«ys
,HL-NRY CLAY voted in a
nSa,nst.a
number. "Produced into the Senate "to establish a
At tlie eomtnencement of tfle session of frmattrent pl"osptcti^eJ,re-emption sys
Pr"v
8nd
for
Srad*tlon
ot
the price
lflin
^1
Scs8,0»
of
13KM1, a bill was
of that
thus recorfed: viz.
It was rejected YVa|12, Nay I 3b
Yfeas, Messrs. CLAY of Kentucky,
Clayton, Crittenden, Difbn, Graham, Ilunl-
ington, Kni jit. Mang^to, Merrick l'ren-
extracts sho|r what Henry Clay
l0l'S WriUe" H°nr' Cla,V
°1xPl
a,lhouPh
li,lin^1^
«''e pre-emption law? a,,d de-
In this letter he savs:
'•The extracts from flic Globe are entire
perversions of what passed in the Senate
on the occasions to whieh it refers—per
versions which are habitual with that print
whenever I am concerned.
'•1 never used the expressions against
pre-empt ioners, which were attributed to
1 a8
V ol pre-emption laws. At the last sevion
1 bl the Senate, an explanation was made of
The amendment was rejected, Yeas 15 what 1 really did say at the previous ses
Nays 28. Among the Yeas stailds the sion on which occasion a Sehator from II
haine of HLNRY CLAY. See Senate linois acknowledged that he had inferred
Journal 1837—8 page 181. the exceptionable expressions from the
On the same page the following record tenor of my speech, and that I had not used
appeals: a is, them. What passed was correctly pub-
the
National Intelligencer, but I
,tllis
leltcr
there is not a word excus-
himself for his votes or pretending that
xvas
'n favor of pre-emption rights in
anJ" shape»
prohibited and the President shall be and "is s,cond letter was dated 27th Sept.
hereby is authorized and REQUIRED to
1842:
8as"
public lands subsequent to the date afore- "My speeches on the pre-emption sys
said to be removed therefrom." tem were never regularly fepOtted They
This amendment was also rejected 21 were delivered, from time to time, in a
to 23. HEjNRY CLAY of course votihg sort of running debate, and I was shock
in thfc afFirmative. jIngly Caricatured in the Glebe. When it
addressed to some person in Arkan-
In this letter he says:
was
price, not including improvements, to bfe 'tself. I thought it unequal to the public
ascertained by three judicious and disinter-, ,att irregular mode of acquiring the
ested appraisers, under oath, to be appoint- public lands, and led to disputes anl con
ed by the Register of the land office in the
1
opposed to tlie pre-emption by-
foversies among the settlers. When rrnb-
District where the land is situate.11 ^'c hmd was taken possession of, without
xt 01- 1. I th'e authority of law, I considered it a tres-
l?IDt
Page 191, the Bill passed the Senate,1 g\ to Cortrre'-s lators of th* law, trespassers who
Yeas 30, Nays 18, the name of HENRY
CLAY being among the Nays.
The Bill passed ooth Houses, wjs ap­,/•
proved by Mr. VAN BUREN and became ^ir^JTn'thf T™rr"lKin {"a ,ous
a law.
Thus, Henry Clay voted to exclude all
men born otit of the United Statfes from a .. ...
privilege proposed to be extendi to the ^P"0"5.10'.''f P°f,,se""«• the «xdu
native born sion of the rich ana^the speculator:"
He voted iti favor of requiring the Set
tlers to pay more thfin the minimum gov
ernment price for the land improved by
them.
Not satisfied to authorize Mr. Van Bu-
At the Session of 1849—40* a Bill pro-! voted against the pre-emption law, denounc- ^e''8i tresspassers, fraudulent speculators,
viding for a graduation and reduction of ed tlie system as abominably corrupt and jobbers of the [Wiblic lands, as they had
price was again introduced, as also a bilf the Settlers on the public lands as a law
to continue pre-emption rights
less rabble and plunderers of the public
property. Moreover, he had before that
time brought before the Senate no less than
five Bills to distribute the proceeds of the
public lands among the States, in not one
of which was there any provisions to grant
pre-emption rights!
e i o n i s o n s y e s
It was not until after 1838, therefore,
as wilting grant^pre-
i.it+tmr» m#-*
fel'
he says, had been crossly misrepresented
1st. To restrict the fight of pre-emp- by the reports in the Globe. lie admits,
tion to citizens of the Ignited States, native however, that he was reported correctly
or naturalized, in the National Intclligencer.
To strike out t^e section, recog- Well, passing over the report of the
principle that the public lands, Globe, let us take that of the Intelligencer
°f Pr«-e,r,Pt,on. any where he admits that what passed is "cor-
19th January, 1838, the proceedings of the
26th of that month, are reported, and there
We find the following1? viz.
"Mr. Clay of Kentucky 3aid. that in
no shape which could be given to this Bill,
oculd lie give it his vote. In any aspect,
it was to he considered as a bounty or a
grant of tlife property of the whole people
to a small part of the people, often the spec
ulator, and Mr. C. would like to know by
what authority bucha bill could be passed?
He regarded it as a reward for the VIO
LATION OF THE AW as a direct en
couragement to hitruding lawlessly on the
lands of thfc Unltbd States, and for select
ing and taking what the TRESPASSER
pleased of the property of the whole peo
ple and he was not to be deterred from
the most strenuous opposition to such meas
ures by any denunciation eome from what
quarter it might, lcl these mtaStlrfes be as
serted by whom they miirht."
3
"In this way, LAWLESS MEN had
r-*,h *,
so far iuto the subj ct as he had done, hop
ing for another occasion on which he de
signed, should God spare his life and health-,
published,
we find the following: vizi
prov
Public Lands without
•SQUATTERS," "A
the public treasure." -What is that but to
of the
On ."general sedlemct of the ,„d'Mi«dujK,n the publk-property and whom
question, I *as willing to allow fre-emp- |he 'f/ perpetrator* ol the
jlj j- most discrraceful frauds, 111 terms so lnjuri
tions properlV guarded. Afccordinclv, yott f, «V
e i 1 iLaLj
will find in the Senate.Journal, 1840 and
'41, pages 155 atul 56* I voted for a res
olution of Mr. Critteridbn, to ailow pre-
to their
"In the Senate January 27,1S38.—Mr.
Norvfll said, the Senator from Maryland
I voted at the Extra session of 1841,1 seemed to suppose that this bill proposed
for the Distribution Bill, in which a pro- 'to give a bounty to the pre-emption set
tiers ilbon the public lands. This was
a mistake. The bill gave only a prefer*
ence to actual Settlers upon these lands.—
vision incorporated pre-emptions.
The third Letter dated 25th of Septem
ber, 1843, and addressed to Mr. J. H,
ren. then President, he offered an amend- Clay Mudd of Iowa. It is of similar ten
trietlt to fequire him, to remove all settlers or with his letter to Arkansas.
who in^ht have located themselves on the There are sundry points on which these
public lands prior to 1st December 1837. Letters arc worthy of consideration:
^Tlraily, he votfed against the passage of! 1. Mr. Clay says, "on a general settle- aggression, it was to tn«n- g'cot
ie Kllj thus denying pre-©mpt!ori tighfs ment of the land question, I was willing decree, that the ._es^a^'"^ebtad^ for its
the
altofether, to natives as well as foreigners, to allow pr^-emotions properly guarded} early advances in settlement, cult nation-,
.1 Bill reducing the price of such pub-: and he alludes to his votes to connect pre- civilized comfort. I hej had made
lip lands as had bfeen long in the market emptions with distribution in 1840 and the wilderness blospom as they rose—-t e
ia'so passed the Senate at that session^' 1841. But U was in Jafiuarj-. 1838) two desert smile with gladness and joj. I as
HENRY CLAY voting against it. or three years before these votes, that he j* FfoPer to denounce sucl men as neart-
They were obliged to pay the Government
for thetiii They it-fere pioneers of the
new States—the cultivators of the soil—
the defenders of the country against Indi-
been denounce by the Senator from Ken
tucky (Mr. Clay.")
Appendix to Cong. Globe, 129.
"]Vfr Yorsb of Illinois said. **Yes, Sir,
it has been emphatically said bv an hon
orable Senator, (Mr. Clay of Kentucky,)
that they might as well 'steizC upon your
forts and arsenals, your ships upon the
ocean, or plunder the money in your
.Treasury, as thus to ^eize upop tlie public
lands, appropriate thim to their use In
"a.
AWLESS -VBBLE that thev miclit the British reviewers in ng.rd to the
"putmc snips, 111 an. t^iay s eompan-
and represents hun saying that'-the
a great sens lion, and Was severely botfl-
P5188? and characterized it as such. So did, ,.
of HLNKY CLAi being at the head of Mr Vm Huron whn nwd tint idontioal edthe denunciations ot the hardy pioneers and deUstabler
^Yen\m ... u I word ju one of his messages (in 1837 or

violation of law, and a^alnSt the just righls
of the nation.' Sir, the honorable Sena
tor much mistakes the character of this
people, 'fhere i? hot, Mr. President a
more peaceable, orderly, industrious, hos
pitable people to be found in any country."
App Cong. Globe, Page 131.
n
.i *,
1
Ti'-.v!-«-

S I
"The Document was 211 oftlie Session
of 1836. The whole of it was well worthy
of deliberate ucrusil, and it was rcpleffc
with fraud, ABOMINABLE EXECRA
BLE FRATD. scandalous to the ctunlry,
scandaJou? tlili govemn e«t and scanda
lous to the perpetrators. In snying this
Mr. C. would not denounce any whole
iliss, but life ^hiild say, tl at the pre
emption system was A SCHEME OF
HEARTLESS AND BOUNDLESS
SPECULATION.''
!m" Mr,-
'•Mr. did not intend at present to go gue me these goods on aft chfeap terms as
hop- these get.tletnen who have brokBh bpeh
price,
'Mr. Tipton, will repeat as nearly value for the goods, they, have taken this
U.ela,„ls „f a lawlrs. Uudil.i ol la.i.1, Hero ,l,e«ui«. .re Hirrollv .,«»|«red
robbers, unjurtl, grasp,ng a Ik. pabUc
a lalld of ARME1)
treasure.
(-•Here Mf. Cr A V rose nnd sr.! 1 that he Jan. «0, 1838. Mr. Walkk*.
would repeat what he did say on the ocea- Were the settlers more meritorious tlifen
sion referred to bvtlic Honorable Senator (1830) than they are nowj or is it only ol
from Indiana. C#~lie did say that the hte that tl fe Senator from Kentucky hao
SQUATTERS on the public lands were be. one wiling to endorse the liinds of I
k ..I .l
AS
OUR ARSENALS, OR ON THE these settlers are, as
PUBLIC TREASURE, as to rush out Ken1U-ky proclaims,
and seize on the public lands.*'
"Mr. Tipton resumed.* The Senator
admits
amounted
well SEIZE UPON 01 FORtS, A me lican settlers of the W est? Why. if.
incrimination. jt
1.1 1- .t 1 1 I J-«. _...K1^'J» ,ooo
West, whom he had charged as vio-
A
characters and feelings
ous to their
characters and feelings, he
would be fortunate indeed."
See Cong. Globe, 1837—8 Page 143
t:. iBrml::
ue -1 on 1000 t- in? done what he considered to be his duty in
Senate, Jan. loiK. Mr. r. spect to the great interest ol the whole Union,
Yet these settlers have been denounced by Sir, if the Senator from Kentucky (Mr. ChnrS
the Senator from Kentucky (Mr. Clay.) conspicuous as the object of attack in til*
'as land pirates,' "plunderers 'robbers!' ?Sf'fi Lwo,u" fKk
Do they desers e such epithets? W horn tion? H*s e not, above all others, at all tiroWa
have they robbed? Certainly not Mic Gov- Stud upon all occasions, when the subject of puh
ei rimbnt. 'TheV are ready to pay for the he lands has been the topic of discussion, taken
linds tbpv rvn/nn*- |i CmrMM.ni e lead in denouncing these LAWLESS IN
lands the) occupj, l. the Government TRISIONS upon the public domain, aiheis
could ha\e sold them fur, had the pohfy 1 *setl to term them? Has he not in fact, tb tw
of thi Senator from Kentucky been ado|t- own expression, battled it for days togwther,
ed, add the settlers kept off lose lands.— solitary if not -altne* against our pre-eaptioa
one, eitlier the Government or Jmv indi
vidual. They ha\e in Uuth been of ser
vice to the Government, by giving addi i n
al value to lands lying in the neighbor
hood of their improvements, and thus en
abling the Governmeiit to fcetl those lands
at tin earlier period than it could have done
had their improvements not been
App. Cong. Globe, Page, 138,
n i- n i \t ... setters o'l ihe new States who kad gone 1|M
31 r, i to.l.twed Mr. Lvon and tlid the public lands for the purpose of protnnnf
not dvnv tliat the tonus L.ANl) PI- homes for thefflMlteaand rHmilW wkki^ln
RATE,'"' "PLUSUEUERS" and -ROH
ori,lioni they
deserve and aa they were
HIMiv: I... repeated on mote than one occasion during thlt
BLK.i c.xpri Jistd Uit ideas he intended protracted debatfc with the utmost delitftntfoiL
tb convey as to the character of the settlers 1 took note of some of thfcm at the titas thejF
1
were uttered, in the precise ttrms employed by
the speaker as I understood him and as I wien
Mi the public lam's. A jart ot whit he
tftd say is thus reported: vix.
"Mr. C^i^iy of Ky. (following Mr. Ly
on SI?1, Safd Mt. 'I wilt meet tliem
with the laws ol t!ie Country. Let the
Bo
TRTDERs! PLUNDERERS of the pub-!
he
jnc]rcdjust. as
LA LLub
t-ucky proclaims, that these settlers should
dHv
hope
ill be
is to perform the work of expulsion and
desol tion that he will lead the forces
which are to drive from their homes and
RABBLE and said "they might as Well be dHven by force from the public lands, By'the Xafional Intellitrencer and exptaia
scize upon our forts, our arsenals, or on
hopc lhe
all them TUBLIC ROBBEHSr
The report in the Globe varies vtfy lit- ^'oJ^he"'Wilflead ^"tte" forces
from that in the Intelligencer. It includes
the ''public ships," in Mr. Clay's compari
son
wiU vc
co isume
oneer
nln nrA_Anit\liAn cfrm nnlri Hon on/1 1
and cu
tl.e dwellings of these hardy pi-
s. whose only crime is this: that thfey
whole pre-emption system putrified and to\'^ure.'a1 rhVcVverhmentprl^, would not" be deterred from doll* hU tfaty lt|
corrupted all it touched. jle farms theV have selected, and cleared,' resisting their claims by menaces oHy any cor*
Mr. Clay $ abuse of the settlers created
an(
mented on b) the friends of the Bill. genator from Kentucky, unfurls his To show how far he would have cone, w» copy
Mr. Clat of Alabama, said "he did banner, and calls for recruits for such a from the National Intelligencer of the5th Feb.
not know to whom the Senator from Ken-1 purpose, can he obtain one, even in the S,befwe'enr"him'fs^ the^TameniTed'sehrt^
tucky alluded but, if that Senator escap- State if Kentucky, lora service so odicus
pp. Cong.
K**'4
had
1
Mr. Clay said
:,We
A
c,P.pwd.,
noMb!e
my. th*t I
HO. 47#'
TTERMS:::::$2 00 IN ADVANCE.
i!«a!"sluponlawful
A'"of"piracy,
inn 0
1S38.
Globe Page 142. "Mr. Linn said, tl'.at it was utterly vain and
*f'\ Wtowij Mr. W.Ibr, tml SCWlS
deniad notiiing he said, i end restless .| o^tilation. Onward, onwsni
A portion of what he did say, is uuis it has rolled and onward it would continue to
reported: viz. ro'h until it reached the borders.of the great Pa.
1
4
8ttitf( Jan. 8,1839. Mr. Yodko of ItKnoitf
"The Senator Mr. Crittenden,) asks why k is,
that his colleague (Mr. Clav) has, alone of all
others, been singled out as the object of vitape*
ration by the friends of this measure why tlni
whole fountain of their bitter waters has hit*
poured out upon his devoted head and why It
is that he alone should be offered up as a sacri^
fibe upon the altar of western interests, for hav-
hl,s
^"ouble colleague,
1 o i«m (Mr. Cnttemten) who placed mm in that condi-
srs&rss
things considered, Mr. Piesident, aad how Sftii
it be matter of wonder or surprise to the Sena
tor, Mr. Crittenden.) that his collmftw should
be met by tlie Senators from the new States,
upon the ground he himself has seen fit to occu
py, so fur advllnce of |tis associates as to have
fi tli. almSst out of sight behind him? Mr.
I'residi nt, Huring the progress of th« debate o*
the rtf-eniHI^n hill, at the last seastoa of Cti(h
gress, thb ntmirable Senator from Kentucky,
(Mr. Cl.i*) indulged in expresaioas towards tan
to remr to these expressions, fer the purpose of
showing how far. in this respect, tlit honoabttj
Senator (Mr. Clay) may or may not have tmn
misrepresented, as' li supposed by his honorable
colleague (Mr. Crittehdin) I will refer to the*
i i i n n i u u i i
lands be posed to public s de, and af.er- as I took them tRKB, tad leatc the SMata Id
wards at vate d'e, and then put in for«*e judge whether to-e of the new States, or tile htn^
if necessary the e\i tinir laws, and RE-
ti™le Senatoi»
MOYF i'l,Mi. I AW il tVTUl' cause to complali»*f misrepresentation. CJ*Th»
MiDvV .1 *iVy honorable Senatf (Mr. Clay) said, whehdis
DLRS from the property they have forn- ctnsing the merits ot the pre-emption b.fl, and of
bly appropriated to their own uses What Mmm who were to he benefited by its provisioiif,
fight had they to I lie nutlic domain more Jft
of
colleague, have had th« most
d#b,U
tluui any other description of PLUNDER- "*1•*7 «e«or,w,om that he knsw ofno la^
ofcen combined not only without but against ERS to" Hie goods they may sc upon? to ^Tn^cVand!1^a twuntv'te lh*
the positive authority of law and here' An auctioneer has his warehouae broken poor as a bownljr%r the violation of the lawj
while vindib.iting the rights and guarding open by a laulrxs body of arnthl men one 'V
tlie propel ty of the whole people^ Mr. C. man selies u,x,u a Ule, another upjn a tVe-publkd^i^^d preveitHsiu
would not be awed nor deterred from per- hamper, and another upon something else, in the manner prescribed by Uw that he looked
foriniflg ltis dut* Ly any |eisoaal consider- and savs he has a right to It at his own Upon the wh!T«system of pre-emptions as a sys
ations. hrice. When other persons come to auc-! !*m
°^th«?7,h of January last, accord-
bw,,n,,w*'
seandalows, frswda-
*h isin&^?^»iast
1
de- your warehouse obtained theirs Why, public lands),might with equal propriety, seise
.wviwvson .f.«iter would HbM„ -v !S
ou^inen, who re una le to give the i^al »'d
corrupted end utnfied evejV on^ who towhfd
1
i]
1
as I can what was said yesterday, and if I natural and harmless method of getting whi.h he never altered. This sir, to soke ex
cro wrong. ha (Mr. Clay') can correct ra®.1 possession of them,"
understand that he denounced tlie settlers App. to Cong Globe, Page 139
KOHIlV.KS.
Crlhat .these men vthfe settlers tlpoh thfc
,hV
he hts
Sremises,As
nii^fcpresented, intentto.-
t!Th!m on "the o. c!X*^fei?^
tent may be true. 1 have »een some newspaper
reports of that debute which contained ex pen*
sions which 1 do not remember to hare heard in
'he terms supposed to have been employed} bat
the ii.I -rences draw n were, t.ci erthe'ess, in Blbsl
i istances, correct logical deductions froNPtBe
as .-'dniitted to have bicn stated in the
•bate. for example, the Senator Mr. Clay
did tl say in so many woids, that the settleis
upon the public lafujs were pirate but he
anal propriety have
tne ocean, and hold
say that they nvght with eau
seized upon our snips upon tn
them iieainst the right
uwiu. nr.,. ot u.e nit o#,..
*.* -r thus to seize the public lands, and defeat.
unIl
I by unlawful combination, a just competition at
the Senator n the public sales in the manner prescribed by the
\WLESS IN-I'aw- And what is this but a charge of piracy?
1 h,t clse is
.. 1 .1 act such as the Senator (Mr. Clayi
lie property, as criminal as those that ^as described, but a pirate? He did net say that,
"the Senator from Ken- die government of is propeily/
ma" x^° c,om7S
App. Cong. Glnl* Pa^e lR^8r
Senator froltl Kenlucky tjon of Senator Young, therefore, it is co^chi-
'rmiUed to lead tl.e army which I "^raT'ihe ^bli'^land!-
ilivaled a^inst the overbidding of "A"*™™ Persona' to h.mself. He moved
i snecu'ators! Aiid Wlieh I «e
,1 j.. ,i,_ij ii capitalists ana specu aiorss nI»a wi»en jj„
chmcUtittd
As a LAWLESS RABBLE.
As a set ol PIRATES.
As a rang of THIEVED,
As a band of ROBRERK.
If he did not call them by these names, l0
ve them these characters, and he proudly midt
fj,nve
D?
ren
•"•endment requiring Mr, \at|
f0 settlers removed thereafter.
Missouri, on the 27th dav ot lanutr*
1 cific Ocean where Us accumulated manes wo»il4
have been told of' sit down and weep that there were no mrt
the eztent of the evil, oftlie number of worlds to settle. Tft®
__ .i have and ever Will, consider the wifma«l U
Who cotli
patter, who have got on the publie land
and the difficu t} of remo\mg trcm. and
their p'reperty, theii inheritance.
or woald or dare sar to our neo[
or W
qqM or dire say to our Uhm
that therefore there was a necessity ft 1" shalt thou go and no farther? No man worth*
ras inc this law. to cive them the lands to be President of the United States, no ttas raft
thev have unjustly seized on. Do we,
•5 i» _* -f i l~e tyiant enough to order, by militarr rioleece.
said Mr. C. live in a country sf law* er *b«
driven
•(aI I f, ABB aa«t1il.MiAM evkt^tl (KmV
not? reclaimed fi om the wiMernese which the*
bwoed ii comition wfth the people of the Unitra
4
States"
"How was it with that Wliite House,
s z n s s i
cr.st room, and the little man U ho occupies prop^y of the people of the United Stater®—*
so shiall a part of it? Suppose a pre- Can these settlers hold posfwaiim against the
einp'.iwrcr was to go there and sav, Mr. whole forcef.»f this government, the regot^
President, tl Is honsfe i, t™ Uge lir you( *5 '^^^iiSSTSLfc S,"
I im an industl-ious cultivator, one ot the |njin
the lands they bwf
"Mr. CLAY of Kentucky, said: dan il W
how noon wiJI it 9i
bont-and-sinew men, and claim a pre-emp- public pfopert*? Sif, I hope it U not tru£ _r
tion to pjtrt this house. Would he not tiu«t the people will be uw tb prtdtMl theif
have as much right to squat down on the property."
public lands'" ivill not the people oY the wesftrtl
~ntr .\^ 143.. States geherallv agree with Senator L:nn»
What con "be mete koritthnplmm lhan ^orlbv to be P««dent)
But say s^Ir! Clay in one of his letter*
*n eiplaraition look place «t the next ^l»nt.y the th«
knowleflgNi llttt he hJ intored 1 t»ve ..i Mie.«
'aP.brfh!i^ "Ir
,me
•.. would be tvrant enouirh to order the
W
1 into lhe ,,eV
j(h all thC 1
ureg»
^Ulcmiftt"
dissossesstl
point of the bayonet?
Irs shp.il such a t^rai
so, cive your votes for Henry Clay.
have you 1
with Mr. VsaBat
tta
mI%% Jb fa the ml+
rim
15
«r wUt th.
|Concluded on Hk p»6«1
-3*.
•£!mm

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