(JTw©OI.I.ARS pcrmifitim.'if pai41# •riraarr—,
Two DoLt.*RS and lFTY CtNTS within nil month*
«f4» Each additional insertion, 50
./ One month, ••»•••••«•••••«..-2 50
Three months, •••4 00
Six months, 7 00
•'"'One year, ••••••12 00
professional cards—all under six lines,
V per annum, 5 00
^.Jlferchants advertising by the year-will be
entitled to half a column for* *25 00
An extra charge will be made for all
m*r half a column.
In no case wil? the price of subscription to the
ptpcr be included in the above charges.
Patent medicines, half column one year, 30 00
one column, 50 00
W"These terms will be rigidly adhered to.
tallage uiu«t be paid on ail loium micaliuuxevt I
||e thin ollite. I
STATES, Newspaper Subscription
and Advertising Agency and Proprietor of
the old established Real Estate. Negro. Money
Agency and Intelligence OlRje. S.iint Louis Mo.
N. B.—Post paid letters including a fee of one
Dollar, soliciting informal'on and intelligence
will receive an answer in return
i. B. I URBBAYCE, General Agent.
*ifc. Louis, Mo January 1846.
S. IX. THURSTON,
•ATTORNEY k COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Will promptly attend to all business in the line
of his profession, in anv part of the Territory.
Office on JefTer« n street, over H. T. David's
•tore, and immediately under the Gazette office, ... ,,
»t the head of Ihe first flijjht of stairs, totherieht
Buriington, Jan. 17th, IS
Y3"t)ffice on the corocr of
Dec 13 '45—ly
BY S. R. THURSTON & JAMES TIZZARD.]
$ljc ©mcttc an& ^toertisct
IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY
THURSTON & TIZZARD.
-^arrXKSOX ST., BURLINGTON, IOWA TKRIi'y.
the dpiPMttun o( the year*
Wo •ttb»crip(ion will lie (Jio'Ontiniif 1 uutill all «r
f*ara»e» «h»ll hive h*«-n pnid, unless »l the option
%t the editor*: and no subscription will lie received
to.* a shorlcr term than three months. All sub
Vnptiont far le*» than one year mutt be paid in
*k TERMS OF ADVERTISING,
into by the Proprietors of the Chizrtt*
THURSTON «1 TIZZARD.
settled in Burlington,
rs professional services to all those S'r e'i
is on Jetfeisoii street, in file basement of the
irliogton, Dec. 20 '-'5—ly
desne med.cal advice, and services
A. 8. SHAiKFORA,
ijMti" 9 --I-
SOOUCE AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
IJ'.u- fnfltoit, IiriM.
B. RIDGELT B1TTEE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
fiun and White Kmilliiiig*
times, and hope by a strict attention to business,
to merit a share of public patronage
EBERSOL & MATTHEWS.
of Jefferson and Third streets, Burlington.
J. C. FLETCHEK, Protrieti'R.
House, recently opened is one of the
largest and most commodious in the West
ern country. It has all the conveniences of the
Urge hotels in the cities, and is fitted and fur
nished in the neatest and nost substantial man-
IEII S JOII N'STON, attorneys at 1
Madison, Iowa Territory.
E S A I V A S
J. S. Kimball & Co's.
SVvhicA they incite the attention of the community.
DR. JOHff F. HENRY.
'NDERS his professional services to the
of Burlington and its vicinity.
Office in the Baseme.it of his new house,
S S o u s i e e a i e i S K
J. 8. SC HRAMM,'
'""feiafairtr of Vinrgsr md Scaler 11
o e a e s
v. Corner of Main and Columbia streets,
i u n s n Xatoa.
Mr. S. manufacturer a most superior ar
ticle of Vinegar, as all who have used it can at
WStj and will furnish il to merchants and grocers
tt the same prices they will have to pay in St.
I**is. Country dealers are invited to give him
ca I before sending below for their supply,
tpr 19 '45
Verier in Iron, Steel, Wails, Stoves,
JewetVs Patent Plough,
IBrUWN STREET, BURLINGTON, 1»WA.
'45 JOHN (3. FOOTE, Agent.
w. r. COO LB
*t. A. F. Broiling,
MUSICIAN, SUB(JE0\, OD DEXTIST.
April 2f, J845.
fane 1 '44
14 titles less,) one insertion, $1 00
A N O A Y riBLic.
West Point, Let County, lotMb
Book Binderajtd li.Uufc Book Manufacturer.Bu
COPP & PARSOIfl,
»t «:(i• i I Merchandise.'
O. 8. X. PECK,
A O N E Y I A W
etpt. 13* '45.
A V I O K
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
WW. GARRETT &, CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Dry Guodss
Groceries, Hardware. Boots, Shoes
Ready Made Clothing, &.c., &c.
CORNF.R MAIN-AND JF.KFF.RSON STUBS*
B. 8. ROBERTS,'
Jan. IT, 18 6. eery,andComm'r of Deed*for the State
CLEVDE.NIX, Justice of the Peace
a for Burlington. Iowa, will attend to all
business in that capacity, such as collecting, £r.
All persons in Iowa, or in any town, or city, Ortice on the cornerof Maiu aud Washington
or Stale having demands to be cnl ec!ed from street*.
persons in this vicinity wi I be promptly attend
ed to, and the moneys faithfully fu war,led to the
owners as soon as collected. His oifice 13 on
Jefferson street, in the ba-env nt, ^tory, north
West corner of the Barret House.
Counsellor at Law, Solicitor Chan
THOM I'SON, attorney and tunsellor at
T» law, anil counsellor ano »olicitor in Chau
r. rj also agent for the purchase and sale of real
estate, Mount Pleasant, Henry county, Iowa,
no 6. '.19
"AML'KL HL'KFI.F.-|«N. TLLOS.
u i n o n I o w a
HALL, of Monnt Pleasant, and
MILLS, of Burlington, have this day
associated themselves into a partnership for the
,. practice of Law under the name and style of Hall
undersigned havm? permanently loc^
ed Burlington, would inform the public first and second Judicial Districts. Criminal
genera ly that they have opened a shop on Main business attended to in any part of the Territory,
street, a few doors above A W. arpenter's Office in the brick building on Main street now
Watch maker shop, where we can be found at all occupied by F. D. Mill*.
Mi s xhey wj| aUend a thp of fhe
sept 14 '44—tf
J. C. HALL,
F. O. MILLS,
Sign and Ornamental Painting
EXECUTED WITH NEATNESS AND DESPATCH
BARKER & WAIT.
Visitors from the South and elsewhere, with mill irons, furnished at the shortest notice, and
or without families, can at all times be accom- warranted of the best quality.
Bodated with pleasant and airy rooms, and on
Families will also b« takan as permanent boar
june 1 '44—ly
L#nf* & Kay,
«er. The proprietor ha* had much experience Manufacturers of French Burr Millstonet, mmd
in the keeping of public houses, which, taken in
connexion with the facilities afforded in Bur
lington for furnishing his table, justifies him in
promising that the charactsr of his house shall Millstones made to order, and a constant sup
he kept up. pl.V on hand. Screen wire, hoisting screws and
Dealers in Bolting Cloths,
Dr. H. Houghton.
permanently settled in Burlington
offers professional services to all those
who mav desire them.
HU oifice on the earner of Washington and
Burlington, Aug. 5th, 11)43—tf
STREET, 4 4|
1 U I N O N I O W A a
lers^ in Dry Goods, Groceries, Hats, Caps
and Shoes, hardware, Queensware.
*e., Wholesale and RetaiL
House, Sign and Fancy Painting
& HAWKINS, (Valley street, be
tween Main and Water,) will execute eve
ry description of Painting, plain and ornamental,
in the best and most approved style.
t3~ They respectfully ask a share of patronage,
apr 27 '44—tf
J. F. Tallant,
RETAII DRUGGIST, WATER
Has received his Fall supplies of fresh Drugs,
Medicines, &c., and would solicit a continuance
of the custom of his old friends.
Physicians and Merchants supplied on the
most favorable terms with all articles in his line.
received 10 bbls.. aud
aud small, north and south No 2 mackerel at
K I A S
Oct 2 '45, corner Water and Jefferson St.
FRANCIS J. C. PEAS LEI,
.... BURLINGTON, IOWA.
DEALER IN ,,,
Groceries, Paints and
^swueari, iron, Hats,
llawti. Edgell 4 MulfoH,
Aw Farr, Jr., i
Ira Tudd & Sons, Lovu.
Greely, Keith 4c Ray,
v »«-«»v ~r-»
any my r*
NOT 29 '45—ly S. VAN DUSEN
TAMKS W.fJRIMKS ANDHFNRY W.STARf
I have associated themselves for the practice o'
'le law. niuler the above stvle.anil will attend t'
prole-sit ual busint ss in the different counties a.
a'so in the supienu court of the Territorv V»
cularatlentioii will be paiD to claims (or'landsii
lenalt-breed tract, and elsewhere.
JAMES W. GRIMF.S.
s HENRY W. STARR.
RaHiiqrton. Jan. t#. '4. (25)
Dec 27, 1845-6m
of N. Y.
Fort Iff ad i AOll. Inu'3
Fort Mladisoii, Iowa Territory.
0"«FFICE IN TUB COURT HOUSE.
VV. BOWIE. Attorney at Law, will practise
in ihe several Courts
BURLINGTON. Oct. 15. 1842
& A Y
e U:r,on ou 1 ,ow
Burlington or its vicinity. His office •.
Watfhmaker & Jeweller,
Mmin, nrnr the corner of Jelftrmin street.*
3fAB IK 2® EJ AlSEiS '11 X-EILOIK.
CHEAPER THAN EVER!
A- THOMPSON having united them
selves together in the above business, take
.his opportunity ot informing the citizens of 1 ur
tngton and its vicinity, that they are prepared to
attend to all business in their line with prompt
ness, and in a sty e not surpassed by any other
estab ishment in the west, and for prices cheaper
than the cheapest. They will make gannents
lor cash as follows:—Coals from
O O Z common
10 do super
received Harper' Pictoral Bible, No's.
31 and 32, Wandering Jew, No. 13, Knick
erbocker Sketch Book,
fe-Kl till *m* "•«-. l**o£tywr»«*'i i
Cu*k! Cart/ Cash —Hides, Leather, Boot*,
I S. VAN DUSEN & CO.,
just opened a shop on Jefferson street,
three doore east of Third, where they offer
at wholesale and retail, cheaper than can be told
elsewhere tn the Territory,
Of every description, such as Harness, Bridle.
Upper, Calf, Kip, and Sole Leather.
A large assortment of first rate CUSTOM WORK
Gent's alf Boots and Shoes
Ladies' Kid Shoes, Ties, B::skins, A c.
Childrens' Shoes of every description also,
a large assortment of
Such as Lasts, Pegs, and Sparables, all of which
they wi I sell for the "ready root," hides, ap
proved country produce, tallow \c. They will
pay cash for hides. The subscribers will carry
In Burlington, and will therefore be able to sell
a better artic'e of leather end cheaper than any
other person can offer to the public.
Hawkeyes and Suckers, one and all. are re
spectively solicited before they close bargains
toca at the "White House" On the corner of
Main and Jefferson streets and examine the
oods offered by
AUSTIN tf LOCKRIDGE take
this method of informing their old custom
ers and the public in genera that they have re
to Court street, between Main and Water, Where
they would be pleased to see their old customers
and ftiends, and as many new ones as see fit to
favor them with a call, who can be furni-hed
with every variety of hairs in their line at
the shortest notice and on the most accommo
dating TERMS. Don't forget to ca' I on Court st.
The Married State, Mon
tezuma. or the Serf, Evelina, by Miss Bttrney,
The Seeress of Prevoorst, or The Wonders of
Mesmtrism, Dashes at Life with a Free Pencil,
bv Willis, No. 0 Penny Magazine, the cheapest
work now published, Godey's Magazine for
July, for sale by
aug 2, J. F. TALLANT.
ISO Blanket Coats
lwi4 27 "45
e ch. np br
OA PIECES Manchester, plaid and cotton
imu Vr Ginghams, and mourning do, at
aug '23 '45
Paris White Tea and Dining Ware
JVHE subscriber has just received at his
I China and Hardware store opposite the
Barret House large additions to his stock of
Tea and Dinii Ware, v. ltich he offers for sale
at Philadelphia and New York prices with car
riage added. Tea and Coffee cups, French shape,
a very splendid article, and well suited to board
ing houses ami Hotels.
aug 23,'45 D. McINTIRE.
DOZ. Ladies' Kid Gloves, 4 doi. Picnic Mits
Gloves. 10 di pr. pent', nnd Indies col
ored Gloves, 4 dot. silk thread Gloves, tor sale,
by fjulylSMS] KIMBALL.
IVE THOPSAND Bushels Wheat for Cash
aug 16, (Hawkeye copy)
i few more left, of a little better "Sort."
J. S. KIMBALL &. CO.,
OR WATER AND JEFFERSON
subscribers are now receiving direct
Irom Philadelphia and New York, their
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
"TRUTH, CRUSHED TO RARTH, WILL RISK AGAIN."
BURLINGTON, IOWA: SATURDAY, FEBRUARY
From the Philadelphia Saturday Courier.
tie Bridal Eve.
BY GEORGE LIPPARD, ESQ.
One summer nijjht, the blaze of many
lights, streaming from the windows of an
©Id mansion, perched yonder among the
rocks and woods, flashed fkr over the
dark aters of Lake Champlain.
In a quiet and comfortable chamber of
that mansion, a party British officers,
sitting aroimd a table spread with wine
and viands, discussed a topic of some in
terest, if it was not the most important in
the world, while the tread of the dancers
shook the floor of the adjoining room.
Yes, while all was gaiely and dance
and music in the largest hall of the old
mansion, whose hundred lights gleamed
far over the waters of Champlain—here
in this quiet room, with ths cool evening
•eze blowing in their faces through the
opened windows, here this party of Brit
ich oliicers had assembled to discuss their
wines and their favorite topic.
That topic was—the comparative bcnuty
of the women of the world.
"As for me," said a handsome young
Ensign, "I will match .1,. Wi*
form, and dark of luly ^a,n« U.e
A'!J °, r," ".'J
20 do nit n and boy*' sealet do
2 do do extra fur Scat do
1 do do extra fine otter do together
vith a general awortuient of men aud boys'cloth
cap». for sale, by
'45 \V. F. COCLBAUGH CO.
4 SPEND'D assortment of French Bou
quets (for hats,) a beautiful article of fa'.-o
flowers, bonnet tabs, (with fiowers)&c., on hand
and tor sale cheap, by
oct 11,'45 G\RRETT St CO.
Domestic and Foreign Hardware.
fl^HE subscriber has made considerable aJ
J. ditions to hia stork of Hardware, and is ad
apted 'o farmers, mechanics, house-keeping and
house building. Almost every article wanted
in the saddlery line. D. McINTIRE.
Burlington Dec 27, 1845-tf
to $6, ac
cording to the style and quality, all other gar
ments proportionably low.
Shep on Ihe comer of Jefferson and Mainsts.,
in the room over Van Dusen's shoe store.
33-Cutting done with care at ail times when
called for. •p
lmngwoman, half so lov. ly
know,' said the Major who sat next to
single moment with the wild, artless beau
ty of—an Atr.zrican girl."
The liiugh of the three officers for a
moment drowned the echo of the dance in
tho next room.
Which have been purchased on the most favor
able terms and which they offer lor sale at the
lowest cash prices pledge themselves not to be table shall serve 'our mess' lor wines, for
undersold by an* House north of St. Louis.
Their old customers and the public generally,
are requested to call and examine their slock,
Subscriber is now receivinghia,, SUP
which consists of a general assortment of
DRY GOCDS, GROCERIES, BOOTS AND SRORS,
•ATS AKD CAPS, SCHOOL BOOKS,
then judge for yourselves.
He wore the handsome scarlet coat, the
ra,n'pa8u Te -S
Or the lass of England. |ence
month to come
which wil be found to be as large and well se- then you are to replace this gold with an
lected as any in the place. Merchants will as hundred guineas of your own.
US^bf.f^Piiedr°n thf m°st, ,avo^le ter,»s'|
S3" All kinds of produce taken at the regular I.,
cash prices. W. F. COOLBACGH St CO. the Colonel and the two other officers.
sept 27 '45 And in that moment—while the door-
with many other articles. All of which I am
disposed to sell at very reduced prices for CASH
or Country Produce, for which I will allow the cried the Colonel, starting up in alarm,
highest market prices. Call and see prices and udo
But if you do not agree
me as without a doubt you will—
"Agreed! It is a wager!" chorussed
way was thronged with fair ladies and gay
officers, attracted from the next room by
the debate—as that young Refugee stood
wilh one hand resting upon the little pile
of gold, his ruddy face grew suddenly pale
as a shroud, his blue eyes dilated until
they were encircled by a line of white en
amel, he remained Handing there, as iffro
gen to stone.
Why, Captain, what is the matter?"
you 8ee a
ghost, that you stand iraiing
the blank wal|?
8 .'I? V .-. »1 »4) ii
The other officers also started up in
alarm, and asked the cause of this singular
demeanor, but still lor the space of a min
ute or more, the Refugee Captain stood
there, more like a dead man, suddenly re
called to life, than a living being.
That moment past, he sat down with a
cold shiver, made a strong efTort as if to
command his reason, aud then gave a
"Ha, ha! See how I've frightened you!"
he said, and then laughed that cold, unnat
ural hollow laugh again.
And yet, hall n hour from that time, he
frankly confessed the nature of the horrid
picture which he had seen drawn upon
that blank wainscoted wall, as if by some
supernatural hand. «,
But now, with the wine cup in his
hand, be turned from one comrade to an
other uttering some forced jest, or looking
towards the door-way, crowded by offi
cers and ladies, he gaily invited them to
share in this remarkable argument: Which
were the most beautiful women lit#
As ha spoke, the hour struck.
„hA cTe1 b,anlrf.»'«* »r sloicism on lii.d"
who had men lo a CoWey by h,3 long
the veteran, "and I will confess that I one-she has refused to obey her lover's
never saw painting-or statue, much less a
by the liaht of torches, over the dark waves the table, gazing wlently in the lover's face.
fellow as he is, with a face full of manly
glittering epaulette, lace ruffles on his bos- ball-room, and the party round the table,
shou e. the Ensign, "pass the wine, and the table his arms folded in his war
dec.d. th.s great question! Which are the blanket-that young officer, half rising
Kncl• fU,I A. cheeks of
grace! ul forms of Hindustan?"
Twelve o'clock was there, and witli'it
footstep, and then a bold Indian form
j*lder j^r-way. lr°"B
.. Silently, hi, „rm» fol,L«,L «. hi. w».
brow, ll,. Indian ^vaneed th.
i room, and stood at the head ol' the table.
pretty lass of. daugher there in hngland,, There w. no lad, wilh himi
.vbo^e blue eyes and flaxen hwr wouldl u here i, the liir girl? She ivho is to
a* ^'aTI 'ias 'ier
Perhaps the In.
^8 next room, or in
of t»'e other halls of the old mansion"
the thought is a foo isl
req.iest-ref.ised to come to meet him!
some of, There was something awf,l in the deep
those Hindoo maidens, bending down with •.Hence that reigrel through the room, as
wa er-hhes ,n heir hands bending down,
tiie solitar lndl
u I A n a s e
And thus, one aftef another Ensign, Refugee. "She has not refused to come?
Colonel and Major, had given their op.n- Tell me-has any accident befallen her by
ion until hat young American Refugee the way? I know the forest i» dark and
yonder, at the foot ol the table, is let to the wild path most difficult—tell me where
eci e le argument. That American— ig the lady lor whom I sent you Into the
lor 1 blush to say it—handsome young
For a moment a9 the st horror
beauty deep blue eyes, ruddy cheeks, and that lover's face was before him, the In
glossy brown hair that Amencan is a Re- dian was silent. Then, as his answer
fugee, and a Captain the British army.
ned trembling on his lips, the ladies in
door-way, the officers from the
u- formed a group around the two central
figures—the Indian standing at the head
rry from his seat, his lips parted, his face ashj^
his clenched hands resting on the dark ma-
hoffany of the tabJe
riie Captain hesitated lora moment and The Indian answered first by an action,
then twsing off a bumper of old Madeira,by wuiU.
flushed a# l.l*Has with wine, First the action: Slowly drawing his
u .1. j, right hand from his war blanket, he held it.
®0!e's beauty, in the light. That right hand clutched
your English lass, your Italian queen, your with blood-stained fingers a bleeding scalp,
Hindoo ii) mpn, into one, anu add to their and long and glossy locks of beautiful dark
charms, a thousand graces of color, and hair!
lorm and feature, and I would not compare Then came the word: "Young warrior
lis perfection oi iorm and loveliness for a sent the red man for the scalp of the pale-
faced squaw! Here it is!"
Yes, the rude savage had mistaken his
message! Instead of bringing the bride to
her lover's arms, he had gone on his way,
,, ... ... determined to bring the scalp of his victim
"Compare his American milk maid with
tie woman of Italy. jjol
the grasp of her pale-face enemy,
Or the graceful Hindoo girl!" there! The lover rises, presses that long
This laughing scorn ot the British oft- hair—so black, so glossy, so beautiful
cers stung the handsome Refugee to the to his heart, and then, as though a huge
Hark ye. he cried, half rising from him, fell with one dead sound on the hard
his seat, with a flushed brow, but a deep floor.
and deliberate voice. "To-morrow I mar- He lay there—stiff, and pale, and cold—
ry a wife, an
groa„ disturbed the deep si-
ij1Ht dreadful moment. Look
falling on his brain, had crushed
girl, io night, his clenched right hand still clutching the
at midnight, too, that American girl will bloody scalp and the long dark hair fall
join the dancers in the next room. You ing in glossy tresses over the floor!
shall sec her—you shall judge for your-1 This was his bridal eve!
selves! Whether the Ameiican woman is
not the most beautiful in the world!"
Now, tell me friends, ye who have heard
some silly and ignorant pretender pitifully
There was something the manner of complain of the destitution of legend, of
the young Refugee, more than the nature poetry, romance, which characterizes our
of his inloiination, that arrested the stten- national history—tell me, did you ever
tion of his brother olncers. For a mo- read a tradition of England, or France, or
men, thev were silent.
We have heard something of your heavens, that might, in point of awful
marriage, Captain, said the gay Ensign, tragedy, compare with the simple history of
•but we did not think it would occur so David Jones and Jane M'Crca? Eor it is
suddenly! Only think of it! To-morrow
you will be gone—settled—verdict brought
in—sentence passed—a married man!—
How will your lady-love be brought to
this house to-night? I thought she resided
within the Rebel lines?"
"She does reside there! But I have
sent a messenger—a friendly Indian chief,
on whem I can place the utmost depen
dence—to bring her from her present
home, at the dead of night, through the for
est, to this mansion. He is to return by
twelve it is now half-past eleven!"
"Friendly Indian!" echoed the veteran
Colonel, "Rather an odd guardian for a
pretty woman! Quite an original idea of a
Duenna, I vow!"
"And you will match this lady against
the .orld for beauty?" said the Aiajor.
"Yes, and if you do not agree with me,
this hundred guineas which I lay upon the
but a scene from this narrative, with which
you have all been familiar from childhood,
that I have given you.
When that bridegroom, flung there on
the floor, with the bloody scalp and long
dark tresses in his hands, arose again to
the terrible conciousness of life—these
words trembled from his lips, in a faint and
Do you remember how, half an hour
ago, I stood there by the table, silent and
pale, and horror stricken, while you all
started up around me, asking what horrid
sight I saw? Then, oh then, I beheld the
horrid scene—that home, yonder on the
Hudson river, mounting to heaven in
smoke and flames! The red forms of In
dians going to and fro, amid flame and
smoke, tomahawk and torch in hand!—
There amid dead bodies and smoking em
bers, I beheld her form—my bride—for
whom I had sent the messenger—kneeling,
pleading for mercy, even as Hie tomakawk
crashed into her brain!"
At the horrid picture again came o'er
his mind, he sank senseless again, still
clutching that terrible memorial—the bloody
scalp and long black hair!
That was an awful Bridal eve!
We observe, by a letter in the Philadel
phia Pennsylvania!!, that Prince Albert
has presented the Hon. Daniel Webster
with a cow and three sheep, as a mark of
the high estimation in which that gentle
man is held in her majesty's government.
We presume this present was intended as
a compensation for the cow-ardly manner
in which Mr. Webster surrendered our
claim to the North Eastern boundary, and
the »A«p-ish sentiments he delivered in
Faueuil.iUU on the of
i«n» irtif Wet ,&,?
*.' Ji«:/.• -i 'i :*j'
The Oregon Country.
To ike Editor of the Union:
SIR: AS my object in writing was avow
edly for the information of such as might
be inclined to emigrate to Oregon, allow
me to treat a little more fully of the Valley
of the Willamette, as that, for a length of
time, will probably be regarded as the heart
and centre of operations in that country.
One of the motives that induced me to
explore the upper district, was, that I
might be enabled to speak from actual ob
servation, not only in reference to its gen
eral features, but what population it could
well sustain, and what number, emigrat
i i O I w i i v n
ing there could be conveniently accommo-j tht-r in a soiitlurly
dated wilh good timber, water and prairie, The woodland, shrubbery, and herbagtf,
1 he more carefully to arrive at correct continued much ot the sam* «1« scrijli. n ox*
conclusions, I divided my party daily into c:() ijns that the laurel inc. ea^ed, th* blaflfc
three bands—one to keep along near the
As I have not met with a description of name to the end of time, embracing the
this remarkable scenery, allow me to at- whole district,com-nencingthirty-livemilea
tempt a sketch of it, which certainly must above the Oregon Iustitute, and extending
be faint indeed. to the upper end of the valley. In tha
The river flats are from two to six miles midst of this valley is thrown up a mound
in width the table ground, from thirty to of a thousand feet high, upon which,
one hundred feet higher, stretches off usu-! scattering oaks and fir, over an agreeable
ally from five to fifteen miles, followed by surface, we rode to the summit, tied oqr
the undulating, or rolling ground, which, horses, and looked abroad upon the (A*
gradually swelling eastward, connects with chanting scenery spread out before USj 10
the hilly region onward beyond which we far as the eye could reach.
gaze upon the stupendous Cascade ridge, I Never in my life was I so much excHtoN
from the centre and in the midst of which or so charmed with the scenery of natui#.
are thrown up in full view five of the most Sir, I have twice sailed around Cape Hon,
remarkable mounds of earth, covered with through the Pacific, touching at the Sand
perpetual snow for many thousand feet, wich Islands, &c., to the mouth of the Co
and thrown up in a manner strikingly re- luinbia River,* I have as often passtftl
senibling a country haystack, to the fearful through the continent by land from near
height of from fifteen to seventeen thou- the shores of the Pacific to the verge of
sand feet above the level of the sea. [See Atlantic in my course, I twice passed
Capt. Fremont's repoit of the height of through the luxuriant and splendid valle|)r
Mount Hood.] The fertility of these flats o!'the Mississippi, and visited or touched
of rich alluvial deposits, covered either at sixteen of these United States but tk
with »r herbage, the buffalo or where else, out of this valley, have I wit
bunch grass, clover or timothy, with flow- nessed prospects and scet»««y»
ers of every line, impresses one tir"« parable wilh this,
ably. The table ground, with an occasion-1 In this seniiment the whole party joined
al old orchard oak scattered here and there, with me—each declaring he was bound (bir
underneath which and all abroad, was ob- the land of Canaan.
served a smooth surface richly covered
with the most nutritious grass, commingled
with strawberry vines, clover, herbage,
and flowers of great variety, is not le&s
pleasii to the eye ar.d mind of the observ
er than the fertile vales below.
The hilly districts will hardly be found
we meet with lauiel, cedar, maple, &c.,
with a shrubbery of blackberry, raspber- 'at
clad with herbage of some description.—
The higher regions, more difficult of as-
cent, for a considerable distance, part prai-'
But of the Willamette and Umpque val
ley, a district of country capable of sus
taining several millions of inhabitants, it
will be found, holds forth as many and
strong inducements to emigrants, either as
to agriculture, herding, manufacturing, or
for commercial purposes, as any part of our
(TERMS:::::#2 00 IN ADVANCE.
le expected when all are brought wiuui
sixty days' sail over the Imodthfcst and
safest ocean of EarthP
As to my opinion whether any acttod
will be taken favorable to Oregon the prp%
ent session, as I have so lately arrived*!
must, at present, be excused from veutiapy
ing to give one.
ase o tie mountains, aiid occasionally to erdistiict t' e chink-pin presented iiell |o
penetrate into the hills a second to travel view but the woody dist.icts pradually
jm the vicinity ol the river while myself sen whiif the verdant pLins widen aad
generally moved a central position all expand pi..p.»rlionat«ly.
observing carefully the kind and quantity
As to whether any part of Oregon wIH
be surrendered, 1 know nothing, and, of
course, can say nothing but would to H5&
ven, that all felt as easy with the matw(
where it lies as I do.
At the close of my yesterday's ti«mb®f,
I descended from 1 he moiinlniu into th*
valley, and now invite attention to the cotiiv
y«. as it appeared in our march still fttg»
k occasionally appeared, and in 'lie higji-
of Umber, the water privileges, and of passing a beautif living stream rising
what description, the clmracter of the soil, from a corresponding vale, we were greifc
I ie kind of herbage, grass, clover &c. and |y Btruck and surprised with the exteflf^
where best produced, each reporting in the an I splendor of a table-ground, coverai
evening ie day s observation. with flowers and dotted with an occasional
boon after leaving the Oregon Institute, fir and oak spread oul belore us.
6ome nfiy miles south of the Willamette i As we advanced still further up, the ist
fa Us, on our way up the valley, we were traction increased tuntinuallv, till one dajfj
all most agreeably struck and impressed about the 2 th of July, near "the upper end
Wilh the general aspect of the country.— of the w.lley, passii.g out from a woody
Tiie fern, so common in ihe lower part of va e,alte» having c?o»*seil McKenzie's fork,
valley was no longer met with, and aside we opened and entered upon a valley of
from the fact that now and then meeting still greater extent and beauty than we haft
wilh a little district or patch somewhat any where beheld. One cried out, as Wfc
gravelly, there appeared every where were rapturously gazing round, "This Si
spread out before us a combination of beau- Paradise in bloom." "No," said another
ty and excellence I have no where ob- "it is the land of Canaan to which all
served. cgreed. At it will probably go by that
K e o'clo k on a certain da\, aAfp
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20, 1845.
Ara manure, ashes on oerfam'Mlfi, 4&S
invaluable. We have frequently ex peri-
less charming, interesting, or valuable. their application, but never more conyip
Here the oaks increase in number, com-
mingled wilh an occasional lofty fir, with P'ece °f corn, containing about two statllie
now and then a cluster of pine underneath,
over all which a gentleman's coach may be
the midst of a scenery spread out before
the eye, enlivened by the variety of wild
the beneficial effects resulting fr«|n
than during the past year. On i
we applied about twenty bushels
driven at pleasure, over every rising and J*ar's— he ashes being applied on eif£
descending grounds of smooth surface, in
to the lofty bounding elk. More upon this I "PI**™ to be the common opinion w!ier
subject in another number. ever they had been appjied. At the dli
1 must here close for to-day, not without tance of nearly kwo^ miles from the aiat
ying, Oregon abounds in singular
of the finest districts of country on
earth, but much mure of little beauty or
worth the largest growth of timber,vhile
as a whole, il is sparsely limbered, little
variety, and all of the eastern portion of
^mes, furnishing in my humble opinion,
WASHIX«T9H, Dec. 18,1845.
To the Editor of the Union,
SIR: ralrdon me for wandering from my
given track to reply to friends, only this
once for all. and say in a few words—
Oregon is worth having, and better worthy
of being had or, in other words, of im
rnenfte deal greater value than most of its
supporters in this country dare to assert
or hope, as I trust, from simple ungarnish
ed truth, it will be made to appear.
gypsum or plasttr
°ther row in order that the compart-
fowl end herds of bounding deer, that de- experience was perfectly in accordant*
fies description. with our previous observations. Through
Here, too, as in the higher districts,'the
the two articles might be li
ascertained. The result of this
ry, thimble, goose service and whorlleber- corn than those to which we applied gyf
ry and every patch of rich ground richly
rie and part woodland, as witnessed in the 'LE Pl#s'hly can. Even leached ashes
astounding growih of timber and quality of
grass, give indications of an excellent soil,
doubtless enriched by th*. wash of the east- duce important and Jading effects. Ooe
ern mountains above, to whish this district °^lhe most substantial farmers in Masj|a
is attached. I chusetls, writing us on this subject, saVs:
But I must hasten down to the vtlley
the rows on which tho
were applied, "took* the lead," and
Protluc«J »«a^y one-fourth mora
The coru was sounder and better
besides there was a much larger
of stover. We would recommeod
to save all the house ashes
to be thrown away. Applied
am now ,nor,!
not forgetting to say, however, to any west- the value of ashes as a manure, Nutk
ern emigrant hunter, that these mountains *n 'he whole catalogue o.' manures,'
teem wilh game, from the rabbit upward i
gras» lands, they pro-
fidly than ever persea&d
with thcin on my lands, and ihii
of, 1 sowed, in 1835. twenty-fire atxl
.' hnsliels to the acre. The soil was
a thin, clayey loam, and the result of tiie
application was a crop of excellent clovfcf,
years, uoihirfe hud gr6wn biit
mullen and wild rye. The laud lias Dot
yet forgot the application the grass oa thai
Soil dressed with ashes bei' greener aiid
far more luxuriant than on that u litre no
such application has been made. On Corh
beans, and wheat, ashes leached or ta
leached, operate with the best effects^r
Formerly we were in the practice of djja
posing of our ashes at froin a *hilling f0
twenty cents per bushel but experience
has now opened my eyes, and we are pet
chasing all w« can obtain at doubts ttait
former price."—.Maine Cultivator.
Mtempt at karat* by tkt ptisoneti ift Kbrti
Jsland Juil.—V\e born from the Daven
port (JaZ.'tle, that the prisoners cunfiand
on the charge of murdering Col. Daven
port, attempted to make their *sc%pe te
the morning of last Sunday week. Th4y
had removed their frofts, perforated the
stone wall and borrowed or made a pia
iage through the earth to within a few
inches of the surface. The jailor obtained
information of their purpose through the
instrumentality of hie watch dog. TKIY
As to commerce, I shall now only say,! had got so near the euriaee that a eMail
if millions have been made by the tedious boy belonging to the jailor camd in while
and dangerous process of sailing around walking over it. This is the third atteamt
Cape Horn or Cape of Good Hope, to the la- they have made to escape. They doubt
[lands ef tb* Pfceffie aad China, what my*1 leas have accomplices outside.—/js«4ay&
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