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MILK FOR NEW YORK.
! Germs Found Ewarmi:j la the J City's Purest Supply. 0 PAIK3 TO ELI? 003 CLTAS. HofLrffI!,, Infliatr ETI,,rt. Report ; Tht Crramrrln Supplied VViib , Fertiliser I'or Botllti or Cn j "Were Hurfl, loaml-Orlilirnlloii j Claimed as One Solution fai-Hy ' Tbe Uwkcfolkr Institute For Med leal Itpscarcb has Issued a report of the investigation iuto the milU supply of New York city carried oil by tbe in stitute with the co-operation of Pro fessor William Hal link Park, says the New York Tribune. Tbe bacteriolog ical work was done at the laboratory of the health department. The report ays: "The milk delivered to New York mounts to over 1,51)0.000 quarts a day. This comes from five different states and forty-four counties. Much of It is brought 200 miles and some of Jt over 300 miles, aud its production oyer such a wide area of territory has made anything like a genera! supervi sion impossible. "The work of the institute was be gun last Jane and has been continued up to the present time. The scope of the work planned included observa tions OH: "First. The sanitary condition of the farms and creameries supplying the city with milk. "Second. Railway transportation and city delivery. "Third. The condition of the milk on delivery as to the number and vari ties of bacteria present. "Fourth. The effect of milk of vari ous degrees of purity upon the health of infants and young children in insti tutions and tenements during the hot weather. "Fifth. A more definite study of the cb an pre occurring in milk which cause disease. "Sixth. To what degree both the dealer and the farmer could be de pended upon for voluntary co-opera tion in improving the milk supply." It jroes on to tell of the inspection made at the farms and creameries by Jdr. Burnett and . Dr. Sarah Belcher. Most of the milk for the city is col lected at creameries, which each re ceive the milk of from twenty to fifty farms. Many of the farms were ex amlncd. According to the report, tbe cow barns were in fair condition, and the cowa were generally found in good health, but almost no pains were taken to keep them clean. There was no pretense at personal cleanliness made by the men. Two examples of bad conditions are then cited. The in epector sucgestetLimprovements at the various farms. "At the creameries themselves very frxeat improvements were suggested. It was found very rarely that a cream ery was supplied with a sterilizer for bottles or cans, and those in charge were often itriiorant of the simplest matter ri-i.itfntr to milk contamination and Xii'w it xv.-'s to be avoided." The rcMir? t 'ien deals with e sub ject of bacteria in milk and the result ant diseases. It says: , "The chief dangers in milk are due to the bacteria which it contains. Milk is the only article of food in which nearly all bacteria grow rapidly, and In it they multiply at a favorable tem perature i. e., about blood heat in an almost incredible manner. "The mtmtier of bacteria is the best means of determining whether the milk Is clean and fresh and whether it has been properly handled, and It tells with certainty the story of mistakes and neglect. "Milk from carefully groomed cows In clean stables when taken under the best precautions now possible, cooled Immediately to below 40 degrees F. and kept at that temperature during transportation by proper icing and sent by express trains to the city, although bandied with every precaution against contamination, contains when it reach es the consumer from 10,000 to 100.000 bacteria in each teaspoonfuh This for the best milk. "Now, what of the worst milk? Dur ing last summer tbe milk sold in the groceries of the tenement districts con tained, as shown by the examination made by the bacteriologist, from 4.000. 000 to G00.000.000 in each tea spoonful, and Just such milk as this was fed last summer to many infants in New York. "During the latter part of June three jroups of infants living in different sections of the city and fed entirely upon cow's milk were selected for ob servation. In each section a portion of tbe Infants were left upon the grocery milk which they were already using, while for the remainder special milk was furnished. Comparatively little serious iilness occurred among tbe In- 'fants fed on the special sterilized milk. The children who received tbe grocery -milk did much worse in similar sur roundings. " The report advocates two require ments for the purity of milk a sterilis ing apparatus at every creamery where bottling is done and great care Sr. keeping milk at the proper tempera ture. It asks for better methods ot .transportation from the country dis- jtriets. Tbe local delivery methods or also found to be at fault, tbe milk be jiag permitted to stand on the statior platforms for six hours at impropei .temperatures. The report ends by say .Ins: t "Milk certification at the present t!m , seems to be a solution of some of th jitlieu!ties mentioned in connectior ! itn this problem. It seems to bt j isccessary. t have a bird ptrty com posed of some body of persons who stand between the dealers and the pub lic and who are able to give some son of an assurance to tbe public that ml!U has been handled and produced uudr pnicr hygienic condition. Kucb an assurance Is now provided in a certifi cate issued by the County Medical so ciety. which is given in two forms This sH-iety has appointed a couimis sion to pass upon the miik supplied hy different dealers. The coaun:s,iun is j composed of professional lu-n of the 1 highest standing, who. v i:h lie reports' furnished by the Inspector and the ! teriologist. are cjunlifed to ;rti;' in ; these matters. When they tird it - : sible to nssure themselves that milk . produced under wholesome conditions, they grant to such a dealer pcrmiss'c: to employ a label. "Inspected by the Milk Commission of the Me-Heal Soeie ty of the County of New York." It is therefore now possible for any one in New York who is wi:l;ng to pay a proper price not only to obtain, but to know that he obtains, a pure and safe milk. "This movement for pure niilk will become general and extensive if It la sustained by public opinion." THE OLD OAKEN BUCKET." lorrora of Siodera Srirne WnTf4 A rmmmd ike Well. The truths of science are not often expressed In verse, and this fact serves to emphasize the few instances where rhyme has been employed to convey fact, says the St Louis Post-Dispatch. The following parody on "The Old Oaken Buc-et," which is not only amusing, but contains some valuable points In sanitation, is by Dr. J. C. Bayies. formerly president of the New York city health board, and was read by him at a meeting of the Academy of Medicine. We quote it from the col umns of Engineering News, which says that the sanitary science convey ed In the verses may seem elementary indeed to our readers, yet it needs but the slightest knowledge of conditions about the average farmhouse and coun try village to realize that millions of people are living amid just such un henlthful surroundings in entire igno rance that they have anything to do with causing disease and death. The parody is as follows: With what angruloh of mind I remember my childhood. Recalled in the light of a knowledge since sained. The malarious farm, the wet fungous grown wlldwood. The chills then contracted that since have remained; The scum covered duck pond, the pigsty close by It. The ditch where the sour smelling bouse drainage fell. The damp, shaded dwelling, the foul barn yard nigh It. But worse than all elite was that terrible well. And the old oaken bucket, the mold crust ed bucket. The moss covered bucket that hung in the welL Just think of it! Moss on the vessel that lifted The water I drank In the days called to . ..... mind: Ere I knew what professors and scientists gifted In tbe waters of wells by analysis find: The rotting wood fiber, the oxid of iron. The algae, the frog of unusual size. The water. Impure as the verses of Byron, Are things I remember with tears in my eyes. And to tell the sad truth though I shud der to think of it I considered that water uncommonly dear. And often at noon, when I went there to drink tt. I enjoyed !t as much as I now enjoy beer. How ardent I seized tt with hands that were grimy And quick to the mud covered bottom it fell: Then reeking with nitrates and nitrites and slimy With matter organic It rose from the welL Oh. had I but realized in time to avoid them The dangers that lurked In that pestilent draft I'd have tested for organic germs and de stroyed them With potassic permanganate ere I had quaffed. Or perchance I'd have boiled It and after ward strained it Through filters of charcoal and gravel combined. Or. after distilling, condensed and regain ed tt In potable form, with Its filth left be hind. How little I knew of the enteric fever Which lurked in the water I ventured to drink. But since I've become a devoted believer la the teachings of science I shudder to think. And now. far removed from the scenes I'm describing.. The story of warning to others I tell. As memory reverts to my youthful imbib ing And I gag at the thought of tfcat horri ble well. And the old oaken bucket, the fungous grown bucket In fact, the slop bucket that fauns in the welL Haatlasr far a Capital. It has been arranged that at the end of January the mem tiers of both houses of parliament of the newly or ganized commonwealth of Australia will set out in search of a site for tbe permanent Australian capital of the future, says the Chicago News. Mel bourne, as agreed at tbe time of the federation, la only the temporary home of the government The excursion has been mapped out by the government leaders and will probably extend over a fortnight Eight or ten sites will be carefully examined, a start being made at A 1 bury, a beautiful border town among the vineyards between Victoria and New South Wales. The late gov ernor. Sir Hercules Robinson, after ward T'rd Rosmead. once delivered f famous oration on federation at Al bnry and designated the place as the '"lure metropolis of united Australia. That was twenty years ago. but Al bury's chances are not now considered as good as those of Bombola and Or ange, while several other available sites still bare fair chances of beinf selected. . -c TUrilSIONI) DAILY FALL VDIUSI. HAMA SOAP saaHpMS followed bv a light dressing of Hmjr'a Mmlf-Hmmtth, gently rubbed into the scalp, will sort en and remove scale, crust and dandruff, stop itching and promote a sweet growth of luxuriant hair. It combines in one sor.p at one price the best skin and complexion soap and the best bath and baby soap in the world. 25c. cakes at leading druggists, 3 for 65c NESS AND HEAD NOISES CURED lets )(us'-.rHteriMiio wmnr 1- r ajnit)e MM Md nsariM f pfi- ;:,free SAMCAN COSTUMES. Wade With a Kateket. a. Clai aad a 1'ot of Faint. In th- south seas dresses are made wltii n iiaiehet. a club aud a pot of p.uui. Lverv housewife is her own roiw ami hao.t maker. When she feels the need of a new town, she goes and chops down a tree. When her husband needs a new suit, she cuom down an other tree. That is easy, for meu and women are clad exactly alike a plain fold of cloth causrht about the waist and banking loosely to the knee oi shin. The races inhabiting the w lau'l of the tropical Pacific are almost alone iu having t;o idea of the loom and thr various ai ts of the spinner and weaver. This lack is undoubtedly due to the natural provision of material which renders a woven cloth unncessary to this primitive jteopie. The only fabric used iu that part of the world is a crude, tough paper made of bast The tree from which the material is derived is the pajx'r uiullierry. or Broussonetia papyrifera. which is grown in planta tions under the sole charge of women and is also found wild In all parts of the islands. In archipelagos so high ly advanced as Samoa and Tonsa. where women have none of t!:e coarser work to do. the entire care of the mul berry plantations rests with the wom en of each village. The trees are planted closely to In sure a spindling growth without lat eral branches. The plant will grow from seed. In such a climate there 1 no difficulty about getting things to grow, but experience has shown that better results follow the planting of twigs from the sturdier wild trees. In about three years from planting th tree will le in the best condition for the clothmakers. In that time it will attain a height of twelve feet or more, and the trunk will have a uniform d! ameter of rather less than two Inches. Alout four feet of the trunk Is wastr and not available for the particular ptu'itose for which the tree is grown: the first two feet from the base Is too tough to work well, and the two feet at the top is too soft. If the tree is properly grown ami left to mature, there will be available for the eloto maker a stick of eight feet in the clear and as straight as a measuring roil.: without knots or branches and of uni form girth throughout. New York Tribune. i 1 A Story- of a Father's Love. Old Mr. has an only daughter. They are of lowly rank, but he is hon est and industrious. By trade he Is a puddler in a foundry, and he earns $l.f0 a day. Twenty years ago ttm wife and mother died, and the child ol five became the old man's pet. Twelve years ago he sold his property and spent all his money in sending her abroad to study music. She came back two years ago a famous singer and a matchless beauty aud refused to own her father. He has moved to the east side In order that liy living on a pit tance he may have $'J0 every week tc give her to buy clothes. Every week he sends It. and every week she spend? It, though she neither sees nor writes to him. Week after week he grows a little prouder and also a little sadder. City Missionary in Indies' Home Jour naL December's ames. December, so called from being the tenth uiMtith when the year began in March, has probably had more names conferred upon it than any other of the twelve into which our year is now di vided. Among the early Saxons it was called Winter Mouat. or winter month After their conversion to Christianity they called it Ileligh Monat or holy month, in honor of the birth of Christ In later days in Germany it was ea!!et! Christ Monat for the same reason Fires used to be lighted for warmth It: this month, and the want of chimneys used to cause a too obvious Inconven ience, which led to its being called Fu mosus. or smoky. It was also dubbed Canus. or hoary, from the snows oi hoarfrosts which then generally whit ened the higher grounds. The Foree of Cyclone. Careful estimates of tbe force of a cyclone and the -energy required U keep a full fledged hurricane in actlv operation reveal the presence of a pow er that makes the mightiest efforts ol men appear as nothing in comparison A force fnlly eqnal to over -tOU.ttno.t: horsepower was estimated as develop ed In a West Indian cyclone. This i about fifteen limes the power that can le developed by 11 the means with'r; the range of man's capabilities during the same time. Were steam, water, windmills and the strength of all met: and all animals combined they couhi not at all approach the tremendous force exertetL To Cleaa Cold Lau. To clean gold lace trimming and fringe soak the nr:i.-!e in tietizoline and when thoroughly wet take ont an! srtih lightly with a small brush which a Utile dry plaster of pans hat I-een sprinkled. After brushing, rinse it) some clean bsnzoline and dry la clean rags. TUESIIAY. JANUARY 2S. 10O.I. JK sporting world Tl- Sfcaflaai SriMa. The skant;? seneon h-s pw"-r Into Its stride, and steel ihod thousands of ; merry outdoor sportsmen are lul.:.: i full advantajre of their opportunity's Skating is truly the king of . .. . r recreations, aud its votaries coii:pi.s both young and old. the rkh tini tl' poor. The championship meet of the Na tiouul Skating association is scheduled to take place Jan. 31 aud Feb. 1 at DB. ARTBl'B O. KEANE. Champion figure skater of America. either roughkeepsie. N. Y.. or Mont clair. N. J. All the amateur experts of this country will apix-ar, aud a sextet of prominent Canadian cracks has entered to defend the titles captur ed from our boys in Montreal last year. Figure skating is another branch of the great sport that is receiving a deal of attention just at present. Dr. Ar thur G. Keane of New York is the American champion, having success fully tlef ended the title for three con secutive years. Dr. Keane erfornis all the most difficult maneuvers and in the opinion of experts will win again In this year's contest. Olympian Game of 1TMVI. It is now an established fact that the Olympian games of l'.XH will lw held in Chieaco. and the committee in charge of the preparations is already deep in Its voluntary task of promot ing the event. One of the latest fea tures planned to add interest to the athletic games anil gymnastic contests Is a museum of athletic apparatus, chronologically arranged so as to show the improvement in the instruments of all lines of sports. The congress of the Olympian committees of all coun tries will be held this spring at Brus s Is. aud the importance of the meet ing has been increased by the an nouncement already made that King Leopold will preside. The following men have been appointed a committee on finance for the games: Benjamin Rosenthal, chairman; II. N. Higin iMithaui, ex-president of the World's Columbian exposition; James II. Eck els, ex -comptroller of the treasury; Or son Smith, Clarence Buckingham. Charles L. Hutchinson, aud Otto Young. Mike Owyer's Tearllari. Although the well known name of M. F. Dwyer has not been seen on the race programme during the past sea son, it is said tbe "white, gold tassel." will again be seen on the turf nest summer, as he has ten yearlings now quartered at the Gravesend (N. Y.I race course, and It is hoped that some of them will revive the glories of old times. The yearlings are in the car of Trainer Richard Miller, who ha! Ieen in charge since the death of liar dy Campliell. for whom he acted at foreman. Healey Tarts With, MeCae. Tom Healey. who will train exclu sively for R. T. Wilson. Jr.. next sea son, has stated that he has parted com pany with tbe former jockey. Patsy McCue. He could not control the !oy and thought it lest to let him have a free hand. McCue has taken on so mncb flesh of late that there are only two courses left open for him to earn a living as a rider to become a stee plechase jockey or go to England, where the scale of weights Is high. Canada Can Race la Ifto.t. The International yacht ree for th Canada cup. which was to have lieen sailed between vessels representing the Royal Canadian Yacht club of To ronto and toe Rochester Yacht clul off Toronto harbor in 11KJ2. has bees postponed until lfWR.' since It is not likely that tbe Yacht Racing Union ol the Great Lakes will decide In tim to permit the clubs to build what class of yachts shall be permitted to entei for competition for this cup. MrOairri aad Attell. Jack McKenna of lenver has depos ited a forfeit or Sl.tXiO to bind a matct fc-tweea Abe Attell and Terry McGov ern for the featnerweight champion ship of the world. SIcKenua stipulate! that the boys shall meet at 122 pounds the featherweight limit, the boot t take place regardless of the outcom of tbe coming bout between McGoven and Dave Sullivan. . .. - - ; Pate's Celery Compound Most Famous Remedy in the World It Makes People Well, W iff Ts" i er es cortrol and ? ermine th-- ,b f every funt;o ol the br. i :ind I txly. ore ibun nine leuths f all dis aes that ate not infect i us are known by m ry pbyMoiac to be merelv the i-al t-jniptoms i f a com iny break-down of the nervt.ijs sys tem. in ore person tbe ciseusd con dition of the nertes manifest.-. it.elf in insomnia; in anoiber by indiges tion; iu another by rheumatism; some oran of the human bocy be comes ailected and refuses to per form its proper work. WLen ?Lt e symptoms bfpin to show thero elves, medicine tday knows tint this one remedy, the la rr.ous diM overy of Ir f Edward E. Pbelps, Ai D., LL D , whose v.-n-derful acl'icvuneut has spread the fame of ore cf thi country's fleet est universities. No other remedy was ever universally pt escribed by physicians It was by the advice f the most ttnicent prcctinners in the country tb this t?ret ron.edv ns Cure Impotency, Night Emissions, Loss of eases, all effects of self-abuse or mm A nerve tonic and blood builder. Brings the pink ow to pale cheeks and restores 50c. per box, 6 boxes for fff Send for circular and copy of our fJERUITA TABLETS E?T,RAjs7RBENTH rrxu-ow iuio Immediate Results Positively guaranteed cure for Loss of Power. Varicocele, Undeveloped or Shrnnkea Organs. Paresis, Locomotor Ataxia. Nervonr Prostration, Hysteria, Fits. Insanity, Paralysis and the Results of Excessive Use of - obacco. Opium of Liquor. By niaC to plain package, $1.00 a box, 6 tor $5.00 with our bankaMe guars toe bone t cure In 30 days or refund money paid. Address NERVITA MEDICAL. COMPANY 4smxa soid Jarfcson Streets CMICS-.CO. H-lian- For sale by A. G. Luken & Co,, Main Street anri ihe Aoore Drixu Co., 8 nort- ejehth street. R bmond THE FLORIDA SPECIAL. Through Service to Southern Resorts via Pennsylvania Lines. Through passenger service to win ter resorts in Florida and the south over the Pennsylvania Lines via Cin cinnati. Atlanta and Macon to Jack- onvil'e and St. Augustine has been resumed. Drawing room sleeping cars leave Pittsburgh in the morn ing, Chicago at noon, each week day, reaching Cincinnati in tbe evening, from which point tbey go through to Florida in a solid train of composite club car, sleeping cars and dining cars. Only one night is spent on the way. The through schedule is given below: Leave Chicago, 12:00 noon; Lo- gansport, H:1U p. aa. ; Kokomo, 3:43 p. m.; Elwood, 4:18 p. m.; Ander son, 4:43 p. m.; Richmond, 6:00 p. in.; and at Eaton, Ohio, at 6:25 p. m.; Hamilton, 7:05 p.m.; Cincinnati, 9.30 p. m.; arrive Ailan'a 10:30 a. m.; Macon, 1.00 p. m ; Jacksonville, 8:10 p. m.; St. Augustine, 9:30 p.m., next day. Returning, the through sleeping cars for Chicago. Pittsburg asd in termediate points via Cincinnati and tbe Pennsylvania Lines leave St. Augustine, 8:15 a. m.; Jacksonville, 9:15 a m., dailv, except Sunday. For information about special rate tourist tickets to winter resorts in Florida and the South, sleeping car reservations on the Florida Special, and other particulars, consult near est ticket agent of the Pennsylvania Lines, or communicate with W. W. Richardson, District Passenger Agent, Indianapolis, led. If your horse is lame try me. If I don's do him good no charge. City Shoeing Shop. 23-6t lirst put within ihe reach of tc pub lic. Paine "s Celery Compound :s i ot in ary way a jatent nacd.ome. It is so superior to all the so called remedies, that do serious cmp tri son ran be made between them. Tbe formula of Paine's Celery Computd has been freely furnished from the first to reputable" physicians anywhere, and the thousands of uuthenticattd cases that are reported yearly by physicians of every school Lave prowd bejoud question that in every esse of dyspepsia, biliousness, liver torn plai tit, neuralgia, rheuma iiMii, or other diseases, that imply imaired nerves. Paine's Celrry Compound invariably gives relief. it succeeds again and again in completely curing diseases wh'-re erytbiu else has failed. It is the only prepart-d remedy in th world tbiit is openly and pub'icly indorsed ty medical jourcals. A single trial of Paine's Celery Compond will convince a yone that it accomplishes in every case all that it is claimed to do. Restore YiMIif) Lost Vigor and Manhood... Memory, all wasting dis excess and indiscretion. PILLS tbe fire of yootb. By ? 50. with (mr bank- CT. bankable guarantee bond. CHARLESTON EXPOSITION Excursion Tickets Now on Sale via Pennsylvania Lines. Low fares to Charleston. Siutb JCaro ina. for the Interstate and West ! Indian Exposition are offered via ! Pennsylvania Lines. Two forms of ! exc irsion tickets, season and fifteen day, may be obtained at pecial rates, i For information about fares and traias consult C. W. Elmrr. Ticke Agent. Richmond. Ind LOW FARE SOUTH. To New Orleans. Mobile and Pensa- I cola via Pennsylvania Lines. t . Excursion tickets to New Orleans, La, Mobile, Ala, and Pen-acla, Fl , for Annual Mardi Gras Festivi tie;, will he soli via Pennsylvania lin-s Februarv 31 to 9rh. i ici'isive. go -d returning l-aving ihim? pir i not lar iha" February 15ih. Any body may take ai vantage of ihe lo-v ra e-, and auy Pennsylvania lines pasM-Dger or ticket agent will fur. . cish full particulars upon applica- j ation. Reduced Rates to the Charleston Exposition Via The C. R. & M. The C. R AM. offers low rates to the Charleston Exposition Two forms of tickets nsed season and 15 day tickets. For further information call on Chas. A. Blair, TeL 44. City Ticket Agent.