& Notional ttymbtiam Netoopoficc. Wtwtoto to Constitutional Ctbcttn, Union, anö cocrn trnc interest of tlje Cotmtrrt.
PLYMOUTH, INDIANA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 185.
Ik VI BLlSlltD irstT TftCSSDAY M0B1MN0
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vance eaeoe pied security. Advertisements,
tune not marked will be inserted till forbid
den, ad charged at toe above rates.
ürpuMUau ÜoH 6öcr.
HAsrr.ii.Ls, I arsis es cards,
CII rjLAKI, I LtHELS,
PAMPHLETS. ! EL A 5 KS, &C,
Execute 1 on the shortest notice and in the
i5. ink lee i . Mortgages, NVes, S'ponaes,
Executions, and all kinds of Blanks kept on
Land and tor sat?.
OJfire u. stairs in the old Tlymouth Hotel.
MARSHALL COUNTY 1 KMOCRAT, T
M D oJ I mud H. B. Dickson pTopriV
C 'I A RLE? PALMER, Dealer in Dry Goods,
Hoots A Shoes, Haidware, Queensware,
Groceries, and Hats at Caps.
G OSBORNE. Attornej & Counsel
lor at Law. Office up stairs over Palm
er's More, Plymouth, Ind.
DR. J. W. BE VN AT T S office at Iiis resi
d ace three doors north of Edwards'
otel, on Michigan street.
BIOOKK EVANS, Dealers in Dry Goo.ls
Groceries, Crockery and Ready made
Clothing; corner Laporte A Mich, streets.
JBROW.VLEF. dx CO. Dealers in Dry
Q v)i, Boots A SLoes. Ready made
ClaHhicg, ffaidsrjrie Cu.Jery
DR. T. . LEMON, Practicing Physician,
j i t dr-ater in Drags Jfc Medicines, Oils,
pjinte S, BtwesSatSj east s,de Michigan street.
ATtSKUQm. Dealer in Foreign ami Do
. m.'s:ic (rocerie and Provisions east
si le Mihiran street.
r L PIATT. Chair 4. Cabinet maker.
Vf and Undertaker. Purnüure room in
nrih room the old Plymouth Hotel.
JBASCt.TON, Manufacturer and .lealer
. in Bi. A Shoes, and Shoe Findings,
west sHle Alirhigan street.
T Cl -.Pil POITKR Saddle aud Harness
manufacture', corner Laporte and Center
Gs LLAVELAND Wholesale ami re-
tail dealer in Dry Goods. Hardware aud
tfrveeraPah new building, north side Laporte st.
VT Q. OGLKSBEE 4 Co. Dealers in Dry
X 1 Goods Groceries, Hardware, Boots and
S-nei, Crockery arc; in the Brick Store.
ICE CRSV3I SALOON. M- H. Tibbits pro
prietor, up stairs ia Rusk's buitJing.
E. W EST ER V ELT & Co Dealers in
Di-vGood, Groceries, Hardware Boots
& Shoes, Heady made Clothing .Vc.
Pc tSrüNG A- THOMPSON, Wholesale and
Retail dealer in Drugs Medicines, Oils,
Paints, Gla-s ft Glassware, and Groceries
BROWN V BAXTE8 Manuract .rersof Tin
vieet ran and Copperware, and dealers
in Stoves iixn of Tin shop A Stove.
CH. RE;:VE, Any. at Law. Collections
. punctually attended to in Northern In
diana. Lands lor sale cheap.
MW. SMITH, Justice of the peace, will
M attend to business in the Circuit and
Cm. Pleas court. Over the Post office.
I Xt. SAM'L. HKjGINBOTHAM, Physician ,
W ,11111 TIUCHH. VflU' C II III. II
he east side of Michigan street.
JOHN COUGLE, Keeps a general assort
ment of Dry Goo la, Groceries, Vegetables
a nd Meats of all kinds. Cor. Gano & Mich. s'.s.
DR. D. GRAY, Eclectic Physician, will
attend to calls dar or night. Office four
ataer north of C H. Reeve's residence.
ELLIOTT 4k Co. Wagon, Cairiage A Plow
Manufacturers, al their new stand at the
south end of the Bridge, Michigan street.
DR. R. BROWN. Physicisn and ßnrgeon,
will promptly attend to all calls ia his
piofession. Office at bis res dence, south Plym.
A. JOSEPH. Cabinet Maser ana cn
. derUker, South Plymouth."
DR. CH VS. WEST, Eclectic Physician,
Office at hi? residence, east aide Michi
FAILOR, Cabinet Makerand underta-
a ÜIab a Ufa, .L! n 4 m
la ä?i uui .l.r tC nie r Ol. w as Ii I ii i is sia.
EBsTARDS' HOTEL, Wm. C. Edwarda Pro
prietor, corner of Michigan and Woahing
C. TURNER, House Carpenter It Joiner-
A K. BRIGGS, Horse Shoeing and
Blacksmithingof all kinds done toorder.
Shop south east of Edwards' Hotel.
AMERICAN HOUSE. 0. P. Cherry & Son
proprietors, South Flymeaith.
MH. PB JHBR ft CO., Dealers in Pamily
Groceries', rrovisions, Conieetionanes
Ac. Sooth Plymouth.
WE! RICK L AMBON. House. Sign, and
Ornamental Painter. Shop south
öd of the Bridge, Plymouth. lad.
In the Market.
WHEAT At the highest market prices
taken on subscription to the Re pub -iean,
delivered at the office. Oct. 9, 56.
rXlHE True source of Health) in toe Fe
male Constitution. Jost received and for
sale by PERSHING as. THOMPSON.
Jf. 7, 186. saV.
D V l I I U l
"finr .hir.i Aim t." sin här.
Hnvr delightful her notes rmisl
be to devotional ears:
For the Republican.
The Habbiilli Bell.
Hark' I hear the8a'bath Bell,
Sweetly sounding on the air,
Sister, now array thyself
And go forth to the house of prayer,
Aud upon thy 'h-m led knee,
Breathe to Heaven a prayer for me.
Sister, haste thee, haste away,
Still the notes to me are borue,
'Til welcome call to prsy
On this silent Sabbath morn.
Happy they who reverent seek.
The hall i wed place w th spirit meek,
There thou'lt hear of Israel's sons
VVh their bondage long had bone,
How the Lord did raise up one
To lead them forth from Egypt's scorn,
And how a "sign" by night snd day,
Was always given to show the way.
Thou'lt hear how the Shepherd boy,
S ew Goliath with a sling,
How the people shout for joy,
How the "Boy 1 ecame a "King,"
Becsuse he trusted in the Lord,
And slrova to keep His holy arorj.
And thou'lt hehr of Him whose lore
Sought to save our souls from psin,
Who f eely left the Heaven above,
Suffered death and rose again,
His life (or us a ransom given, Heaven.
That we, thron h Him might come to
Ah, thou'lt list to truths divine,
Gentle sister, now de part,--
Reverently thine ear incline,
Write '-be teachin s ou thy he rt,
Ah! met i! inks t.iy plscid brow
Wears the Savior's signet now.
'Tii t' e "pearl" of price untold,- -May
it e'er thy brow adorn.
Richer far than gems or gold,
Winoh earth's monarch's e'er have worn,
The precio s passport to th e given,
For entrance at the gate of Heaven.
Wooi.or.AND Wild. GRCIE.
Politic mtö Nona.
The Extension or Slavery.
Grand Programc of Jefferson Davit
Slavery Extension to be the Union
Plan in the Democratic
The New Orleans Delta, one of the
most rabid disunionist Buchanan journals
in the country, takes Buchanan s election
for granted, and claims all the credit for
the South. I; closes its article as fol
lows: Mr. Buchsnan, it elected, will owe
his success en irely to the reaction in the !
Nortern min i, caused by the determined
attidude of the Southern party. We may
be called extremists, or fire eaters or
what not it does not matter. While
we cannot be driveu inio the abandon
men l of plinciple to aerve party success,
we are ready to maintain the rights and
institutions of the South even to disu
nion. This conviction we have fostered
in the Southern mind. It is s pity it was
not fostered there twenty yesrs since.
It would have saved to the parties a deal
of trouble. Bjt th: Southern party hss
something else to do now. Hiving
checked for a time the black republican
crusade, wa must push forward these re
forms at home, which are neecesssry
for the assertion and miintainance of our
equality in the Unioj, or of our nation
ality and independence out of it I
Remember Nicaragua ,aud Cuba are
vaatly more important to us than Kansas
. ., ,u-a. v ij
territory, though we should not renounce
the Utter. Mexico ie not far off. The
nint nfrnmm.,.;.! a,--.-' , !
te . w r 1
SM from Tehuaotepec. Bui Nicaragua
is the great political nucleus, and while
the ' national men of the South
busy over the spoils of the victory won
through the coursge and baldness of the
Southern party, let u. put forth all our
strength in Nir.r... I
W.h. ool, fcur . ,o p,.p.
for lb, gte.t COH1MI ID 1860. Oire W..
ker the power, and he will solve
not only the Central American
question, but with it that of Cuba.
Once firmly established in Nicaragua, he
will restore the West Indies to their ori
ginal condition, as sLve colonies. It can
be demonstrated that tba comparative
decline of New Orleans commenced with
the abolition policy of England in the
American tropics. It only requires the
defeat of Walker in Nicaragua and the
Africanization of Cuba to make the decline
more than comparative, perhaps irretriev
able. It only requires, on the other hand,
the reorganisation of Central America, as
a slave producing country, with the re-
demption of the Weat Indies froaa Negro
Barbarism, to make New Orleans the
centre of a vest tropical empire and to
realise, in connection with the Pac- '
ttade, the advantages to which she is g .
graphically entitled. This ia a work for
the Suihern party, We have shown
our poer in nati onal politics lei us
bl il practical direction nt home.
In the foregoing we hate briefly re.
viewed the causes which led to the tenc-
tion in the North, and sketched the as. in the fight. Some doubt existed as to
sumption that Buchsnau's election wssn ' which party fired first, the witnesses man
certainly. But what will be the sig ifesting considerable shrewdness iu the
niflcatiun. with regsrd.'to sll the import
ant questions of the day, we shall be
compelled to leave to the solution of
time, So far as it may convey a rebuke
to te fanatical spirit of the North, so
far as it may be an effectual piotest a
gainst the open attempt of one section
to subject another to the tyranny of s
hostile majority, ao far as it may show
that tho resistance oollcv of the South is
really the only policy that can save tl;
Union and our rights and our honor
at the same time, thus far, at least, it
will be a triumph for the South, and s
valuable lesson to the politicians of both
sec ions. It will prove thnt Northern
i merest is superior to Northern fannti
cism, and that slavery though the subject
of serii nal egitalion ia in reality the
strongest conservative and national ele-
jicnl in the Union.
j What the northern wing of the Dem
o ratic Congress may do with the slavery
question we ahall have to leave to future
developments. We fear, however, it is
deeply imbued with the non ex tension
theory, to which so many democratic
leaders, North, and South, have given
their sanction. It was no good omen to
aee the younger Van Buren and John C
Dieckenridge Disking speeches from the
same platform and in the same cause
and the elder Via Buren and Mr .Buch
anan embracing upon the same construe
tion o( the Neursska Bill.
These omens have not been improved
by the profuse declarations made by dem
ocratic speakers and journals of the
North, that the black republicans utter
ed "inlaraous lies" in charging Mr. Buch
anan with being in favor of slavery ex
tension. Why so earnest in this denial
if the Northern democracy desires to pre
seree the political equality of the South,
to which the extension of slavery is es
sential. But after all, we have the Os
j tend manifesto, to which Mr. Buchanan J
is pledged. There is sound enough
Southern doctrine in that, and if Mr.
Buchanan shall live up to it, well and
good; we will be the Mm to throw the:
mantle of forgiveness over all his past
political sins of onission or eommi.sion
Meantime, as we have often said before,
thoagh not un.xc.ptional, he is our
choice for President; but in supporting
him pre have chosen to do so with our
eyes open, and have desired that the
Southern people should have their
eyes open also. If they vote with them
shut, it will be no fault of ours; if de
reived in any paticular they cannot shake
their heads and say we did it.
Ihe future is yet a problem. Assu
mirg Mr. Buchanan's election to be a
certainty, the horizon ia still misty.
But of this we feel sure: the Northern
resction against Fremont is due o the
resistance policy; and the Delta, and oth
er so called extremists snd disunionists
of the South, have been the true Union
"A distinguished Louisianian," wr'u?ng
N lhe Delta (tot Washington, finishes
Utier " follows.
"But the time is now Pl to discuss
this matter (disunion ) A truce of four
l "O" us 8 inl clion
make our terms, based oat the Constitu
tion and determine not to here peace
. : 1 1 . u i : . : : . : . u - . r
Heaven ana man, are suoscribed to ny
thrt whole country.
Ths existence of the
Lru0" dePemls uP0n lt' 1 for on'
'nd "l SJ il bold,y'" "Upn ih "lrn
,",OB f sUvery ha"8 lh qHtW and
' ,,. niogt effective
, ' , t . .
.... . ,w. oÄ.w .u-
UntOSJ pieserving plank that can be dove
tailed into the democratic platform. Let
us have it by I860."
TRIAL OF THE FREE STATE PRIS
ONERS IN JUDGE LECOMPTE'S
and Arrest of Capt.
Oorretpondence of the Cin. Gazette.
Lawrence, K. T. Oct. 30, 1856.
Seven young men of the Free State
prjionrs ha been indicted for
mrder in the ftrai degree, 'rare taken
ini0 Coot at Lecompton to esy, by the
United States Depsty Marsnal. and their
trial coiaMalunffd. The witnesses for the
Territory were introduced and fare in
evidence It the effect Ural some of the
prisoners at the bar wer recognized as
be in; engaged in the warlike attack upon
Hickory Point on the 14th of September
last, which resulted in iiieoeain oi Chas.
O. Nawball, who was shot while engaged
evade n direct answer to the
Two of them were overheard
boasting in private conversation that
"they Bred first, but it wss not known to
the Attorneys," and they tcok considera
ble eredit to themselves for their success
in not letting the Court Inow about it.
Ono witness testified that on the morn
mg of the 14th of September, a party of
i men nuroberint 2d0 Surrounded the
house, and with their cannon commenced
an at nek upon it. The assailants were
uuder the command of Col. Harvey, well
armed ckc That the party in the house
were in iwu luinpauics -uuc, uic lumpa-
ny fiom Atchinson, was commanded by
Capt. R jbertsou. The other was raised
in that vicinity, and cotnmsoded by Cipt,
Lowe. They numbered 50 men. When
Harvey's m. n spproached, the men in
the house had a black flag flying from it,
and after a fight, which continued five
hours, it was tsken down snd a white
one put in its place. They surrendered,
made a treaty, and Harvey's men started
back to Lawrence; while on their svay
they were captared by the Uuited States
Dragoons, under the command of Col.
Cook, end taken prisoners to Lecompton.
As was expected, every one of the Ju
rymen on this case are of the most ultra
pro slavery men in Kansas each one ta
king the oath prescribed by the bogus
laws, to support the fugitive slave law,
dec,. &c. The Marshal did well for his
party, in going about the county, and
wherever he found a pro slavery man, of
the Atchison school, to subpoena him to
appear as a juror. He got six'y men in
this way, and made only one mistake nnd
got a Free State man amongst them, but
he wss soon disposed of by the attcrney
for the Territory, who challenged him
and thereby prevented him from serving.
The Governor has not returned from
Southern Kansas, where he has been for
some time with the Iroops, engage in
cspturing Free State men, chsrged with
the commission of some crime or other
ia the defence of their sacred right?.
The last heard of him he was on the Ne-
Capt. Emery, of Leavenworth, the
murderer of W. Philips, the man that
took the Rev. Mr. Nute and Mr, Wilder
prisoners while traveling on the highway
and imprisoned them in a dungeon for
days, and stole their teams and other
property, appeared befoie Judge Le
compte end gave one thousand dol'ars
bonds to appear for trial. Emery has
been indicted by the Grand Jury, and the
Court is not so sev.ro upon Pro-Slavary
men as upon Free State men, accused
Judge Lecompte refuses to admit
Free State mnn, now a prisoner, to bail,
a man that ia. sick, and has a family of
four children at home to provide for,
He is not so indulgent towards him as
Later from Kansas.
Arqnittal of Eight Free Stats Prisoners. One
Lf.coupto.v . Kansas, Nov. 3.
To the Chicago Tribune: This morn
ing the Court met, and after the transac
tion of some preliminary business, Mr.
Stephens, Esq., counsel for the defence
then made his closing srgument to the ju
ry. It was an able effort, and reflected
great credit upon the author.
He wss followed by Marcos J. Parrott,
Esq , of Leavtnworth Ci'y, senior coun-
-.1 i j.. u :
r o , wie uriencc. uc inveaueaieu
o.Uho.oughly ,b, ,rid,ac. inuodocd
h, co.l fo, Ihe Go.,n.n,. ...
posing their one sided and fanatical as
, . r , . j a .
aumjuions, in a ciear ana lorcio-e man-
nor, 'evinciog the highest legal attain
meets and a most thorough acquaintance
with all ths incidents connected with the
arrest and trial of the prisoners at the
He was followed by Col. Isaacs, Attor
ney General of the Territory, w ho closed
for the prosecution, in a masterly man
ner, manifesting great fairness towards
the defendants, avoiding all persons 1 al
lusions to their political opinions, which
cannot ba said of his colleagues in the
caae. After be hsd concluded, the Judare
gave bis charge to the jury. They re.
tired, and after an absence from the Court
Room of an hour and a half, they return
ed with a verdict of "Not Guilty,"
The following named persona were
then released: John L King, formerly of
Brattleaorougb, Vl.j Thomas J. Bowers
Chillicothe, Ohio; J. H. York, Buchanan
Co., Mo.. David Patrick. Lexington, Mo..
Otto. N. NeeT, Blouminglon, Illinois; Jei-
ae F. Pyle, Orrancastla. Indiana; Justus
Q. Ketchum, Hloomington, Hi,, James
C on I ay, Half Day, Illinois.
The others were aent back to (bell pris
on house, to await trial for other crimes
alleged against them in the indictment
of ;he Grand Jury.
It is understood here that Judge Le.
compte will adjourn Court on Saturday
night, and those who are not tri d before
thnt time will have to remain in prison
until the next term of Court in April
A term cf Court in Judge Cato's Dis
trict, commences on Monday next, ubd
t'.iat is the reason alledged for the ad
journment of this.
Celd weather has already commenced;
all stay long it has been snowing, with a
high wiud; the prison house is very open
and uncomfortable, and the prisoners suf
During the coming winter it will be
very severe upon the prisoners, and o
upon the guard, many of whom are com
plaining already; denouncing Col. Titus
for not permitting them to return to their
homes in the South, before navigation on
the river closes. A more homesick look
ingset I never saw. One of them told
me that he had spent all of his money,
had nothing to do, and so he joined Col.
Titus' militia, wanted to go back to Soath
Carolina, before cold weather, but could
not. He came to vote for a Slave State,,
was promised money to sustain hfa for u
year. But they did not fulfil their prom
ise and he was left without friends, and
compelled to join the Militia, or die of
Judge Lecompte has sentenced Mr.
Bairter. who was convicted a few days
tfatCVi for "assault and battery with in
tent to kill,'' to six years imprisonmeu!
in the penitentiary.
S. F. T.
From the State Journal, Oct. 23th.
Fifth Annual Fair of the ludiaaia
Stale Agricultur al ocicly.
The receipta of yeaterday ahow that we
were not mistaken in the large numbers
atterdiug. They were nearly Jiic thou
To-day has not been favorable, for the
morning was chilling, and the afternoon
wet and cold. Still there are tnanj vis
itors, and the interest seems unabated.
But this rain will convince all of the
necessity of having a covered shelter,
where, in bad weather as iu good also,
thousands may be seated, and whilst rest
ing or sheltering, be instructed or amused
by addresses, or by the exhibition of
stock that has taken premiums. This
matter will, doubtless, receive the con
sideration it deserves, at the January
meeting of the Slate Hoard ol Agricul
ture THE HORSES.
We have always felt how inadequate
are our opportunities to do justice to this
nob nd important animal, because at
few st. ,1s can we procure satisfactory in
formation of this animal, or properly
For the first time, we have had the
pleasure of seeing a Black Huxrk that
of Wm. H. Turner, of Indinnapo'ie,
named Vermont. He was in thin flesh,
having the distemper, is 15 hands and 1
inch high, black, and bears the evidence
of hie blood in almost evory point. He
trotted in the ring against a HJohuvk
stallion exhibited by B. Burney, of Jef
ferson county a fino auimal.
Ease and gracefulness of movement,
beauty of carriage and enduronce. are
matters that we look to much mure than
a few seconds of time. Judged by these
qualities, Vermont sustained the high
opinion we have heretoforo expressed of
the Black Hawk Morgans.
We looked at much of the trotting and
pacing, but none of it, except Vermont,
and next to him the Canadian Mohawk,
that gave us much pleasure in looking
at them. Head up. s free and sweeping
reach, and light and graceful movement,
these give us plensure. and all these are
fouod in the Black Hawks. We learn
with much satisfaction that more of this
j urepd wiilSoon be brought iuto the Slate.
! In Ohio, where strenuous exertionshave
been runde to overcome them by the best
' vrI no4 Kentucky breeds, they have
achieved a triumph. Let there be said
what may be about their want of pure
blood and descent, they are distinct and
pre-eminent in the high qualities as road
sters which have been claimed for them.
The time made by other trotters snd
pacers was good, but, we think, did not
quite reach that made last year. The
shortest time that waa made when we
were present was 2 minutes and 36 sec
Some of the mares were good. There
was a large black one, of the Engliah
draft stock, which weighed two thousand
pounds, loo large, we think for farm pur
poses, but probably the best for the dray.
We did not see all the mares in the ring,
bu. from what we did, we are satisfied
that there is not care enough taken in the
breeding of mares. We roust perfect
them in form and gait. We must not
cross a trolling innre with a pacing hoise,
or the contrary, but keep tro.ters and pa-
were the tallest we have ever seen too
...m, . f.. r,..w v i - ,;ii u.
laiut-uow. a a -rvii hi m ' . imii i . n i i t i i.
M irk Cockrill and the Kentucky breeders
settle the question of large and moderate
was very fine, largely exhibited, and was j
looked at with much it) tercet. The Chi- !
DCSe geeso drew most attention, and
would be a fine, fowl were it not for their
unmusical notes. Pity it i that they
cannot keep their mouths shut.
The exhibition ol these waa full aud;
The mills present were Joyce's ' Star,"
Leavitt's "Young America," the "Little
Giant," Brandt's "Premium Stock Mill,"
andtho "Eagle," by 11. C. Wren.
Each made twentv revolutions, and the
amount of corn nnd cobneal, with the
power tested by the dynamometer, is as
The St.su--powrr 370 pounds, being
the average of the revolutions, amount
ground 2 bushels, wanting f4 inches, or
not much over Is basliele. The half
bushel measure was 7? inches deep, con
sequently in the fourth half bushel there
was but an inch and a quarter of meal.
Y umg America draft 382i pounds
meal 2 bushels wanting three inches.
Little Giajnt draft 367 pounds
meal 2$ bushels, wanting Inches,
Pbf.mium Stoc Mill draft 235
pounds meal Is bushels, naming 3i
K.. ole which broke at the 15th revo
lution, ground li bushels, wanting 6
The Star, wo learn, received the pre
mium. Contests of this kind are very incon
clusive of merit because lhe durability
oi the grinders, their liability to break,
and the cost of replaotng tbem with new
ones, ere 'left undetermined, end these
are matters of the highest importance to
Connecled with the crushers, is the
boiling of the meal, and whilst speaking
of th former, we will merely add, that
the proprietors of the Little Giant, Scott
& Hedges, exhibited a boiler, which is
altogether the best one we have ever
seen. It cooks meal, and heai9 water
by steam, thus cooking the mush in a
barrel, which prevents it from scorching.
A bucket of cold water was made to boil
in li minutes. It requires but little fu
el, answers for washing, rendering lard,
boiling sjgar water, and a variety of oth
er purpose. We will notice it more
During the Fair, meetings for discuss
ing Agricultural subjects were held every
evening, and were numerously attended,
to the satisfaciioti of all.
VEGETABLES AND DAIRY.
In this hall Lsban Harding had some
"smashing" ruta baga turnips, and W.
Graves, Hendricks county, &ome flat tur
nips that do honor to the fertile soil ol
Wo cannat give the owner's names to
a tithe of the articles exhibited. If any
ono wants to see huge specimens of cab
bage, onions, parsnips, beets, carrots,
squashes, corn, Irioh aud sweet potatoes,
this is the place to go to. One good
feature we notice in this collection of
products they came from all parts of the
State, and are not the growth of one or
Vestal of Cambridge City ocupies a
large space in this hall, us well as in the
young men's department, with piles ol
enormous sweet potatoes.
Beautiful oats, wheat, rye and the dif
ferent grass seeds ore here exhibited.
The women of Indiana havo r.ot been
backward or slow in sending up speci
mens of their skill in lhe production "of
6onp. candles, butler, bread, crackers,
cakes of a dozen kinds, preserved fruits
put up in all imaginable ways, pickles
mede from every "green thing," candles,
clear and beautiful hotiey, jelües and
other things not in our power to give
This hall, althougu not so showy as
some of the other departments, is none
the less interesting as an exhibition of
the fatm, vegetable and dairy products
ol the great agricultural State of Indiana.
Apples for Human Food.
A friend desires us to re-publish the
following, which we do with pleasure,
The importance of apples, as food, has
cot hitherto been sufficiently estimated
in this country, nor understood. Besides
contributing a large portion of sugar, mu
cilage nnd other nutritive matter, in the
form of food, they contain such a fine
combination of vegetable acids, extract
ive substances, and aromatic principles,
with lb nutritive matter, as to act pow
erfully in the cspacity of refreshments,
tonics, and antiseptics; and when freely
used at the season of ripeness, by rural
laborers and others, they prevent debili
ty, strengthen digestion, correct the pu
trefactive tendencies of nitrogenous (ood.
avert scurvy, and probably maintain and
strengthen the powers of productive la
bor. The operatives of Cornwall, in
England, consider apples nesrly as nour
ishing as bread, and more so than pota
toes. In the year 1801, a year of scarci
ty, apples, instead of being converted in
to cider, were sold to the poor; and the
laborers asserted that they could stand
to their work on baked apples without
meat, whereas a potato diet requted
either meat or fish. The
Germane use apples erteosively; Indeed, I
it ia rare they sit down, in tbe rural dis
trict, without them in some shape or
other, even st tbe best tables. The labo-
. rers and mechanics depend on them to
ry great extent, and frequently dine on
sliced spplrs aud brend. Slewed with
r'cet tabbage, carrots, or by themselves,
w,,h 8 M ,u6r mi,. they make
1 both a pleasant and nuiritioue dish. If
our Mends will only provide themselves
"ith plonty of choice fruit, we will ven
ture that not one nun, woman, or child
in fifty would care forauimsl flesh to eat.
Who doubts for a moment that many
6Ciofulous snd other diseases sra traceable
to ii rii-at din? It is well known that
much of the inent we eat is in a diseased
blute when slaughtered; and its fleet may
be well imagined. Yet your fruit is al
ways iu a healthy 6late, at.d cannot gen
erste disease in the hunltfd hotly; but it
has a diluting, purifying, and renovating
tendency. Water Cure Journal.
It is gratifying, in 'he highest degree,
to know that the country bkl been blessed
with gooJ en i It is true there have
been some failures. The cold backward
spring, and the intense and severe drouth,
presented early picking; aud, upon
ground not subsoiied or underdrained.
J gave but half a crop. Still, ii is lelisved
thut, upon the whole, taking all things
into account, a greater aggregate of pro
duce lias been harvested this year than
ever before. It is evident to all that w
shall have enough and to spare. High
prices are now prevailing, in consequence
of the increasing foreign demand, and
farmers are glad.
The fall sown wheat, so far as we beve
heard, has never come trp better than it
has this season. All the fields we have
seen or heard of, have a green, thrifty.'
vigorous appearance that is most encour
nging. Though much of the seed was
put in rather earlier thnn usual, yet so
dry has been the weather tbat it has hot
go; too forward a start. Thus while
the last crop is being sent to market, the
next one is coming on to re fill the grar
Farmers ma now lay their plans for
spring-planting. It will be safe to plant
a good breadth to corn. Spring wheat,
oats, barley all of which make good
bread buckwheat, peas, beans, etc., and
any quantity of potatoes, carrots, beets,
turnips, etc. Pumpkins we do not g.t
half enough of these squashes, melons,
etc., and acres of berries should be grown:
while the Orchard should be pot in the
best condition, every tree trimmed,
washed, aud the ground pioperly en
liched with compost of muck, decayed
leave 3, lime, etc. Do this not omiuit.g
the honey bees and the country will go
on prospering. All other interests fluc
tuate wi.h the crops. Good crops insare
activity iu manufactures, trade, and com
merce. Short crops depress all. The
farmer stands at the bead of all human
purbuits. Ou him depend all others, nor
could they even exist without him. Far
mers, "put your best fool forward." Im
prove your lands, adopt labor-saving ma
chines; use the beSt seeds, and the best
varieties of plants, roots, fruits, etc.
Get the best stock, keep it well, and you
may rejoice in an honest occupation, end
consider yourself one of the main pillars
of civilization. Life Illustrated,
The Crops In Europe.
We clip the following from the Bath
Express, an xcellent English newspa
per: Scarcity is Spaiit Cons Imported
there free or all Dues akd Duties
The Queen of -pain having, by an Order
in Council dated the 1 Ith ol August, per
mitted the free importation of coro until
the 1st of June, 1827, has now, by a de
cree dated the 21st of August, ordained
that all vts.eis laden with wheat, flour,
barley, aud Iudiaa corn for the ports of
Spain, shall be exempted from tonnage
and anchorage dues, charges for loading
or unloading, lighthouse, or other muni
A good market for grain from our
The Harvest is Irelasd. The fol
lowing is extracted from the monthly ag
ricultural report of the Derry Journal,
and applies to the slate and prospects of
the harvest in the northwestern counties
generally: "The harvest is now suffi
ciently advanced to give a pretty correct
notion of the produce of the cereal crops.
Wheat will be sadly deficient in the nor
thern counties. The nearer it approached
to maturity, the more apparent became
the blighting effects which the moist at
mosphere of the past summer had upon
it. The few samples which appeared in
the market looked very ill, and the crop
is universally spoken of as wanting a third
of sn average yield. Oats, on the other
hand, were never better, both in quantity
and quality. Potatoes will fall very
short of last year'i produce. The growth
has ceaeed at too early a stage; so tbat,
even taking it for granted that those now
in the ground will keep good, which is
still very doubtful, we should want a
third or fourth of last year's quantity.
Statistics or Stock in Scotland.
We last week gave, from the statistical
tables issued by the Highland and Agri
cultural Society of Scotland, s summary
of the acreage laid down in different
crops this year. We now extract from
the same admirable tables a summery of
the total amount of stock in Scotland:
Cattle (including 300,041
milch cows) 967,3 1 1
Could not tbe Royal Agricuhural Soci
ety furnish for England what the High
land Society does for Scotland?"
Each State in the Union should.
through a Board of Agriculture, give all
these, and other statistics every year.
Massachusetts kas already set the. sam
ple.! Uft Illustrated,
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