Newspaper Page Text
MARSHALL COUNTY REPUBLICAN.
National Hqwiblicon Newspaper. Pcuotco to Constitutional Cibcrtn, Union, ano cucrn true Jntcvcst of trjc Cotmtni. PLYMOUTH, INDIANA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 185C. NO. 11. VOL. 11 Hia f)c Ucpublican 1i rUliLI.HEB EVEEY THURSDAY MOBS IKC BY I. MATTINttLY. mm Upnid in advance, ----- 1 M At f . end of si, months. - - - - '2 0 jf öelayaal until the end of the year. 2 M) A failure to order a discoe.t muaiice at Ihe expiration of the time subscribed for, will he evnaidesed a new engagement, ar.d the paper conlinned. rj-No paper will be dirontuiued until an arrearages r P,d unltM at l" Otl," ' tbe Publizier. m . ; , CT The bore tf ns dl be stn:t!y ad he red to. "advertising. tex tuts ox um. aacviu. i a On iqure three insertion or less, 81 00 Kaca add. tioiial insertion . . . Bnsiaes Card inserted one year, 9 00 Leal advertisements mast be cash in ad ,,ce or accepted security. Advertisements. ;,me nit marked iM U inserted till lorbid dea, and euarsed at the above rates. ep uni t can Sot (Dffter. iiASDBILI.S. I BL'SIMös ""1 ClirULARS, r M tH LETS. tABELS, TLA S KS, &C, Executed on the hostest notice and in the lAnianiNeca-,M.rti:.esNoes,Subpcpnaes, F.xecntions, and all kinds of Blanks kept oh hau-l and lor sal-. - le.ee u. Stain iu IbeeW Hwea Ch lintel. DIRECTORY. INI ÄRS1IA1.L C "MY I BMOCRAT. A. Tl,.,,,,,.-.. mid r.M U .n;.l ;, piil.iiliet.. (1 URLF.-? PALHER, D nler i n VtjSM j Bonta &. Shoes, ILiidware. Jueeusware, tiresenes, and Hats Caps. Jg OiBORNl Attorney ft Co-in-ci- lor at Laer. Offne up stairs over Pdltn er'saitorc. Plymouth, Ind. XT J W US NN KT T S office t h resi ) d nee three dodrs north of Edward' ,,tet. on MicbijM street. ;0(kR4 EVANS, Dealers in Dry C.od? It (it .-. r es, Pro: I Ut-ady made 'lot-, ... -.-..rr l.npn.tc .V M.eh. streets. J- "fROWNl.fi i CO. Dsalet in Dry Go!, Bots& Shoes, Ready made Clot! i n. Hardwire Ac CuMenr n K T. A. LEMON, Practicing Physirian, and dealer ,u Drugs & Medict. Oils, ratal a X Groceries, east side Michigan slrc-t. AVINRD'iS: Dealer in Korean and Lo . we-itir s r cerieand i'roviawiis easi Me Mtehiyan s r- et. WE PIATT, ('hair A. Cabinet maker, and Ctdertafcer. Furniture room in eorth room ol the old Plymouth Betel. JhVnELTON, Mannfactnrer and dealer . in Be's4. Shofs, and Shoe Findings, ei side .Wioljijran street. . JOSEPH POTTER Saddle and Harness manufacture', corner Lapor.e and Center streets. C S. C LEA VELAND Wholesale and re Tf. tail de-!rinDry Goods. Hard wart and Groceries, new Building, north side Laporte st. NR. OHLESBEE ft Co. Dealars m Dry . Goods (Iroeenes, Hardware, Bootsand Shoes, Procter? ft c.. In the Brick Store. iT WES TER V ELT öt Co. Dealers in DrvGood-, Groceries, Hardware. Booty ft Shoes, Ready ma le Clothin? ftc. 'ÖSiTsTl I NG AM I I i i M f N. W hol e a le a nd Retail de.der in Drui'S Ma4MI KaOtW Paiats, Glass Sl Glassieare, aTvMjror eries BROWN It BAXTER Manufact irersof Tin .Sheet ron and Copperware, md dealer in Stoves sign cniTin shop ft Store. C1 II. REEVE, Ally, at Lav. Collection punctoally attended to in Northern In diana. Lands lor sale cheap. m1" W. SM IT 1, Justice ol tne peace, win . ,i:nt m'l-ismcss m tUe Circuit and Com. Pleas courts. Over the Post office. nit SM L. MIGGINBOTIIAM, Physician and Sarrenn. Office at his residence on tue east side of Michigan street. ifiiiiv hy;LR. Keens a eeneral assort I ment o Drv Goo Is, Iroceries, Vegetables anl .Meat.so an ainu. . ... . i -: j i . . r i ., ,, V- Mich a f v'. J D GRAY. Eclectic Physician, mill -tf to calls day or iuht. Office four doors north of C H. Reeve's residence. ari.l.lOTT ft Co. Wagon, Cairiaee A Plow aT Manufacturers, at their new stand at the south end of '.be Bridge, Michigan street nl. R. BROWN. Physician and Surgeon, will nromntlv attend to all calls in his piofession. Office at hi residence, stasjah Plyrn. A. J'"SE?H. Cabinet Maker and Un- I, der:ker, 8ouih Plymoath. sTvr. CM. WEST, Eclectic Physician, I Offi'-e at his residence, east side Michi gan street. FAILOR. Cahmet Makeraiid undertt ker, corner Center A. WasWngrou sts. EDWARDS' HOTEL, Wm.C. Edwards Pro prietor, corner Jf Michigauand H'ashing ta streets. ft K.. BRIGGS, Horse Shoeing and Btacksm'tihiu. of attkiadsdona to order. Shop south eastof Edwards'. Hotel. MF.RICAN H'AJSE, G. pVcherry &. Son proprietors, South Plymouth. T M- i'F. :HKR & CO., Dealers'! a Family j jj . Qroeertesh Provisions, Couiectionsrier &c. Seeth Plymouth. w EIRICK &r LAMSiiN. House, 8'igv. od Ora-imc'tsl runter. Klnq south f the Bri l-'c, Plymouth, I ml. Cheeseman's Pills, HPtfE True sourfe at Health in the Fe Mala Constitution, fest received and for safe by PERSHING THOMPSON. ia. 7, 18. TjEEMRtE MOUSE. . W. AXTELL, Fropritlor, LAPORTR, INDIANA. DOTY'S HOTEL, 62, Randolph St, Jicue.. IMtpraitsV T.BOTV, - Proprietor. Jocttcal. J True Riebcs. , , ... , , ,,rnj j llnst thou loved. in the ;.'mI ninii's i-.tli o ir mi Aud b ut ,,'er the MitK-nr's lowly j Ilist thou sought ob IBM buoyant wings OS piny er A. kaaace, which Mm faithless amy ssaj bare? D thy h..K.all sasid to the pirit-l on?. And Ihw'b've Ua brigbt,usi lflai d baud? An- these thy tr-iisiirrsf Old Miss ui.tohl! Thuu hast PSaJtli tbat aaock' th all gems and gold! . - . ' Live in Love, 'tis Ple:i:nit Living. llv not harsh and iiiilorgi ing. Live in love 't is pleasimt liviug. If aiiv angry man should meet thee, Ami asssail thee indiscreetly. Turn not thou l; tin and rend him, U'st tlioaeelIcssly i lTnd bim; Show him love lcttli boon lliy twachci kindness is a Mteut p-each r; Gi nllcness is e'er forgiving Liv iu love 'I is plaaaant living. Why be angry with ench otlo i I Man was made to love bis brut be I : K'uduets is a human duty, Meekness a re'eaial beu!y. V..rd Chsa lnedit, npuke in wno, Hive a weight with men of reason: l)u n'l beotberV foil es blaming. An 1 their little vice nafjaj .g. Cli irity 'is a run- fir railm-r, flki sTiaa much, is all 1 1 aafisisj. tjoiirage, then, mi l be forgiving; Lissa in l"vc, 'i la pftasnal hmstsr, L' t hv loving be passion N t a compliment fsdiitMSsfh Love ii wisdom, cxt proving Tm I'liilosophy is loving II. ist rtioii know u t list bifT feeling. 'Geiilerol by out Iri'e's concealing RVtVr I.oe. :!i mii o blindly; Et-n tby iocs will oil it kindly. Words are wind: O. let tbein iii-ver Fi inid!iip's goKb'ii love--onI sever' N r b- ungi y, th ugh another S.-orn to c dl thee irinid or brother. ' Brajhet,' siy. let' W. forgiving: Live in Love, ':n o!ant living." ittisccliancous. Ioeftxtl Dhii. The following very clever and very I radical jue d'esprit, addressed by the editor ol the "Methodist Protectant" tu . il' li-iijuani subscribors. is not eopied - ' - ..( :. . . 1 1 1 . .1 rt subscribers to the Republican; still, if my entertain fears that it vill ever ap ply to them, and ate anxious to relieve themselves from such torment, by pay ing their subscriptions in advance, we assure them that so far from being offen led that it will be highly acceptable. Should you ask why this dunning. Why these sad complaints anJ murmurs. Murmurs loud about delinquents Who have read the paper weekly, Read what they have never paid fm, Head witn pleasure and with profit. Read of church atfiirsand prospects, Read of news both home and foreign, Read of essays aujl the poems, FuU of wisdom and instruction; Rend the table ot" iho maikeis. Cirefully coirocled weekly HsOtJlal you ask us why this dunning. We should answer, we should tell you, Fiom the printer, from the mailer, From the kind old pper mnker, From the landlord, from the crrier, From the man who taies letters Witha stamp from Uncle Snoiuel Uncle Sam the rowdies call htm. From them nil there comes a message. Message Kind but firmlj spoken. 4 Please to pay us what you owe us." Sad it is to hear ueh message When our funds are all exhausted, When the last bank note has left us, When the gold coin all has vanished. Gone to pay the paper maker Gone to ray the toiling printer. Gone to pay the landlord tribute, Gone to pny theawble carrier, Gone to pay o'd Uacle Samuel Uncle Sam the rowdies call him. Sad it is to turn ur ledger, Turn the leaves of this old ledger. Turn aud see what sums are due us, Due for volume" long since ended, Due for years of present read in r;, Due for years of t.dljome labor, Due despite our patient waiting. Due despite our constant dunning, Due in sums fl m two to twenty. Would you lift a burden fiom us? Would you drire a scept.-e from yon? Would you taste a pleasent slumber? Would yon have a quiet conscience? Would you read a paper paid foi? Send us money send us money, Send US money send u& money; Send the money that you owe us! Rats on tub S r A(a A "Swede of ge- nine taiKv ilAraa iKa r raca nt slaasartk fi f i . . . u I i.i. , ; dramatic to'ent. has discovered that rats. Swedish rals at least possess wonderful haetffonic powers, aud after a careful ! search among the sewers and barns in bis tive land, he h?s obtained a company of rat Rembles, rat Reans and rat Sid dones, who (or which, for really a neu ter cau scarcely be applied to such ge- ii i uses) move lae Swedes to laughter or to tears, as the cae' requires. Among hit company there is a sable skitmed, brieht evVd ,at. wo Hamlet perfection (arranged a9 pantomina, 0f coarse), and ell of them play Punch and Judy with geaius. The Swedish impres- sario is about to make bis rats appear be - (are the Parisian public. , , . , Conquer your eatHDics wiü love. Kcporls ot Mm i l m n t j bnlnucc of Imports ever hxports is prob The fallowing condensed account of ably about Fifty Millions. If there be i the Renorts of the various Departments , . 1T of the L S. Government, prepared to our hand br the New York Tribune, will be found not only interesting, but con- bonds an i stocks rn Europe? taiuing many important facts with which ; fr Guthrie urges a reduction of the every person solicitous for the well be- Tariff, for reasons which do not seem so ing of the Republic should at-quaiut him- forcible to us ns to him. How a debtor ielf. The almost uuiversdl con up'.i'-n, jM Htm 0 Vi I ty or Sixty Millions aud ambition to ape the aristocratic ens- should feel impelled to reduce his in toms and manners of Eur.ipc, w hich come in order to snve himself from hab seems to have seized our Sham Demo its of extinvne-vuce and his servants from cratic rulers, renders it necessary lor the people to look eloee'.y into public afTtirs, that they msy be the better prepared to discharge the duties they owe themselves and posterity, in preserving anJ perpetu ting tho free institutions we yel enjoy; but which, we firmly believe, covert at tempts are now being made to over throw, under the guise of Domocracy nnd lojd professions of love for the ,4der people." So lir as in our power, s readers of the Republican shsll be kept posted up in public affiirs, by the publi cation of documents and facts, ami tttu? enabled to discharge their duty to then country understan lingly. The Treasurer'" ICoport. The Repoit of the Sec-clary of the Treasury is long but able aii.t lucid. It shows that the Federal Goverment iä itow costing the people about Sixty MiHioati of Dollars annually, beside the payment ou account of the Public Debt, which average about Ten Millions a year. T!ie Debt was a little lets than Seventy Mil lions when the Pierce Administration was inaugura'ed, and has since beeu re d iced to about Thirty One Millions. j Betde this, however, there are a little over Twenty Minions due to various In- dian tribes, in payment for ces? ens o! j their land?, and probably Ten Millions j ufucture is far weaker fan the British, j du3 to claimants of all sorts, making the;aa ) the g .o 1 effect would prob,ibly not I 1 ' - a n .1 I. A J . nä arrsWaa. - Ii t a a . a asa. a . fe BBBssaaaii fcg-'g'.o luueuirciicso oi uie ti .vernment ab ut S tty Millions. It is not th less true, however, that the present Administration w ill h ive reduced i the Debt during its term by fully Forty . Millions; but li understood that there, 1 are Indian treaties, which have been ne i gotiated, but not yet ratified, which will j add Eleven Millions more to its amount. I We nppreheud, moreover, tha'. a pretty heavy bill has been run up by the specu- fa a e a a rnes a latora ludian vr in Uregon ana vsli- ''g10"' The expenditures under Mr. Pierce have been larger than under any former Administration in time of peace; but the receipts have fully kept pace wiih them, so that this Adminis'.ratien, when il goes out, w ill Jeave fully Twenty Mil- liuus of Dollars iu the Treasury, uiiliss it shall devote a portion of it to paying off debt, which amounts to the same thing During the last fiscal year, our Mnitnry service cost uearly Seventeen nnd our ! Naval over Fourteen Millions together more trnu Thirty-One Millions of D 4 lars at a time when wo were as neaily it peace with ail mankind as we can I hope to be this side of the Millenium, ä tits is more man twice tno entire cost of the Government thirty years ago, Can it be possible that our fighting, or 1 make-De!ieve. oujJfU to cost US over Thirty Millions a yeai? Might it not be we do all we can to facilitate the collec as well done by contract for less than j t ion of his bounteous one? If any State hall the amount? i chooses to proscribe Small Notr s, it does In addition to our cash expenditures, however, it should be considered that we have for years been giving out Public Lands in the shape of bounties for p-st military services at the rate of some ten millions of acres per annum, which is so much added to the cost of the Govern ment and of our fighting. Mr. Guthrie estimates the receipts of the Treasury for the current fiscal year, should the Tariff remain unaltered, ot Sixty-six Millions from Customs, Six Millions frem Lauds, and One Million from all other sources iu all Seventy three Million. Our Imports for the fiscal year ending with last June were officially valued at Three Hundred and Twenty-seven and our Exports at Three Hundred and Fifteen Millions an excess of only Twelve Millions on '.be wrong side of the Ledger. But it must never be forgotten that our Exports mainlv tav r " r" Specific, while our Imports are subject to Ad Valorem duties, so that there is every possible inducement to undervalue the latter and none at til to undervalue j i loa farmer. We boheve our Imports are valued at the custom-houses in the nve- roge twenty five per cent, below their markei price, while our Exports are in , c-n i . .t. votced at their fall value, so that the ac- tual excess of value of our Imports over Ex porta is nearer One Hundred Millions 1 than Twelve. But from this balance is ; bfi dt.ducU(t thc profits 0f Navigation. w i l i (and the proceeds of Exports like Ice, 1 that cost little or uothiug. tnd the actual no surh balnnca. will BUT one tell why . , e buy so much on credit' nn.l whjwt i are fcw)S trying to pUce" railroad - - . , rascnlity. we do not perct he. Wliy not j frst j,av off his dabls. or provide the means for piying them? Tut we do not object to the mode of reduction which the Secretary indicate?; in fact, we hpar tily approve it. No dead level of twenty per cent., nor anything like it, is coun tenanced by him. On the contrary, he ' would" rcinovo entirely the imposU now J charged on certnin raw materials Wool, , Silk, Furs, Hides and Skins, ftc. so as to diminish the Revenue, simplify and reduce the labor of collection, and at the same time give advantage to our in fant and struggling manufactures. In this view, we believe him entirely right, nnd trust :hat he may be heeded by the present Congress. Uuder this head, he exposes the defects and vices of our , present Tariff with a severity all the more rigorous that it is manifestly unin tendvd. Wo are quit ure he is right with regard o Wool, and that a free im portation of this staple, r-gtrd'ess of quality or price, will prove beneficial to our wool -giowsrs ns well ns woolen man ufacturers. The fact stated by him that British wool actually advanced in price luring tl:o year in which the Wool duty of twelve cents per pouud was taken off, j strongly in poiut Oisr woolen ma ri ia SO k peeüliy lellued as in the Bri'.ish case; but activity and prosperity to our ( woolen manufacture would soon extend to the wool grower. Every tun of fo reign wo o) imparled and manufactured would make a market for a tun of home grown wool in the joint production of ! fabrics now mainly imported, J Silt is on the Secretarj r e free list, but j not Sugar. Ha does not even hint at a reduction of ihe Sugar duty. Here, too, I . we agree with him. Iron and steel he j djayusses in such a manner as 9 show ihat he looks to the retention of the duty and the gradual expansion of the home ' product to furnish both in cheap abun dance. The SecrefMy forcibly exposot ihe fallacy of any attempt to substitute a Specie for our present mixed Currencv, but deems it incumbent on him to preach n crusade against Small Ban k Notes. We regret this. Small Notes are not necessary to the collection o' his iucome, ind he rejects them as he has a perfect right to do; but we need them in picking up our living in 61?, 62s and 63, oa eil as fe5s, 610s and 20s, from Maine ( to Minnesota, and we have many subscri bers who, in the absence of small notes, would with difficulty pay us at all. On j what principle, but tha t of the dog in j the manger, shall the Secretary impede : the receint of our modes: infame, iwhpn so; if any State chooses to have them why not? Mr. Guthrie's suggestion of a j Constitutional amendment to prohibit the issue of Small Notes is likn breaking a butterfly on wheel it can never be carried out. The Secretary arguel tri at Ad Valorem are preferable to Specific Duties, but not very heartily or forcibly. Simplicity, exactness, labor saving, honesty, are all in favor of Specific Duties. He tries to idefitifv Specific wilh High Duties, in j defiance of the fact that Grent Britain and other Free Trade countries uphold Specific Duties sj far as possible. The fact.incidentally stated by him that tuo thirds of our Imports are on Foreign ac count, ought to have weight in ibis con nection. Mr. Guthrie puts the amount of our Federal, Slate and Corporation stocks and bonds at Fourteen Hundred Millions of Dollars, of which over Two Hundred Millions are held by foreigners--in oth er words, we owe to Eurrpe Two Hun dred Millies iu this shape, net to speak of olhers. Does Mr. Qt. believe that we would have been thus in debt abroad if the Tariff ui '42 had been maintained? We are sure he does noi. The cost cf collecting the Revenue from Customs, including: Revenue Cut tare, and everything that can be fairly charged to this service, is about 5! per cent, on the amount collected. This is quite large larger than formerly. The amount of overdue iudebtcduess to the Government is Twenty-four Million?, of which one quarter is utterly, hopelsly lost by the death of the insolvent debt ors. Part of this large nggregale is due j from defaulting officers, 1 fraction from insolvent Deposit Bduks, but the larger amount from importots ofgoods ubder the exploded system of credits for duties. No credits are now given for either Du ties or Lands. It is wisely suggested that the hopelessly lost debts be charged to profit anJ loss, and stricken from tho current accounts of the Treasury. Formerly, disbursing officers settled I tl,e,r 81 counts q-onrtcrlv, and were strong ly templed to use meantime the public moneys in their hands in speculations. Now they ure required to settle month ly, wilh the beet eflVct. The Secretary soys but one defalcation has occurcd un der this system, lie proposes its exten sion so as to reach ail officers intrusted with public money. Mr. Guthrie urges an iucrease of tho salaries, of the principal Accounting offi cers in his Department. He proposes that the Government should sell out tho stocks held by it in sundry State corporations (for internal improvements) aud sell nlso the Slate slocks in which il invested the Smilhso- mau anu certain inoian i rust itinus, pocketing the loss nnd re investing in more reliable securities. This may b adws.ble; but if the investments had , . . . oeen proper.) maue in tue urs lmwev, there would have been no need of incur ring loss. State stocks are good proper ty when judiciously bought; but invest ments in Arkansas or Mississippi bonds, made to benefit some Senator or carry a de-legation for e:;me Presidential aspirant, are sure to turn out ' acily. Though this Report is too long, and not always right, it is on the whole a good one, and may be studied wilh prof it. Mr. Buchsridu will be fortttonte if ho secures so able and upright a Secretary of the Treasury as James Guthrie, Tlie iciiernl Post-Oflico. It appears from the Postmaster-Gener aPs Reports that the number of Post-Offices iu the Union on the 30th of Jane last bs 25,662. Of these, 330 have an income of over 81,000 per annum, and the Postmasters appointed by the Pres ident, subject to the confirmation of the Senate. The total compensation of Post masters was, for the last fiscal year, $2, 102. S90. The numbe of mail route con tractors was 6,372, of mail ageuts, 394, ani of mail messengers, 1.1 OS. The mail was carried over 20,323 miles by railroad, over 14.951 milos in steam boats, over 50,153 miles in coaches, aud over 153 913 miles by inferior convey ances. The cost of transportation for each mile traveled is, by railroad, 10.6 cents; by steamboat, 20,3 cents; by coach.nbout 7 cents, and by inferior con veyancea nearly 8 cents per mile. The total cost of mail transportation for the current year, including '.he salaries of agents nnd messengers, but excluding ! the ocean service, is 86.576,129. The Postmaster-General renews his compUint of the large amount paid to the Panama Kailrsad, amounting for the last fiscal year to $141,308. and for lb first quartet of the current fiscal year to $14.308. He recommends an act limi ting the amount to be paid for that ser vice tu $90,000, and an appropriation of $200,000 toward a semi-monthly mail, via Nicaragua or Tehuantepec, giving, with the Panama route, a weekly mail to Calaforr.ia. The total expense of the Dapartment for the last fiscal year was $10.405,296. The entire revenue, including the annual amount of $700,000 for mail service ren dered the Government, was $7.620,821, showing a deficiency of $2,787,046. which considerably exceeds the average of the prececding three years. The expenditures for the current year are estimated at $10,608,079. The rev enue at $9,991.794. m. et the foreign mail service occupies a large part of the ReporL No postal convention with France has yet been concluded, though provision has been made for the transit conveyance through England to Frnnce, Algeria and all those parts af Turkey, Eygpt, and tho Levant, with which France has postal communi cation; of books, newspapers and other printed matter, upon prepayment of the same rates of United States postage ee are chargeable on the same matter wheu sent directly to France." A proposition from Great Britain is pending to reduce the inter ocean postage between the two countries to twelve cents the single letter, or one half the present rate, but is yet delayed, in con sequence of another proposition attached to it as a condition that the transit charge on all British tnd American mails passing through the two countries re spectively shall be reduced to a uniform rate of 12! cents the ounce, without which the proposed reduction of postoge would, in the Poft master's opinion, op rate, greatly to reduce the receipts ef the Uuited States mail ship liues. Arrang' rnonts have boon completed with ihe postal authorities of Great llrit ian nnd C-irrada for a mutual registration of valuable Utters, Postbl conventions ore pending with Holland nnd Mexico, and an informal arrangement has been concluded wilh Hamburg for an exchange of mails by the Hamburgh steamers, but only letters to Hamburg itself can be sent by this cor.ve) anco, The aggregate postage, foreign and do mestic, on mails transmitted by the Uni ted States stenmship lines,- ws3 last year ft 1. 035 740, a falling off or some 000, ascompareu wnn tue previous year. Deducting the inVand postage, the net revenue from oceoa postuge by the Col lins lino wns 833U 749, by the Rremen line SSG.-103, and by the Harvo line fe71, 882. Tho total amount of letter postage on British mails was fcSi)7 618, on Prussian closed mails 299, 578. and on Harve mails &10,yi4. The Postmater com plains that the system of optional pre payment works unfavorably to the United Sates, the option of not prepaying being disproportionately availed of abroad, which throws the trocbre and expense of collecting almost the entire postage, and ofaccouuting to the foreign connlries lor their share of it, upon the United Stales Post Office Department. The abolition of the franking privilege is urged, or elso that the Department be allowed la charge the Government the I ordinary ratrs on franked matter; also ,ie abolition of the fifty per cent de iuc- j lion on the postage of periodicals pat ! advance. With itaw changes and i he ,rel ief( lhe Ptment from the bnrden of the ocean mail service the pMfl)Ut Qenoral thii.ks that his De. partment would support itself, As to the ocean mail steamers, the Postmaster General does not understand why some of them should not start from other ports than New-Yoik. The obvi ous reason is that New York is the centre at onco of our foreign and of our domos tic traffic' and that so far as the support of the lines dependi upon passengers, New-York has decided advantages over all other ports. The failure which the Postmaster mentions in case of the ocean mails carried from New-Orleans, are not much of an argument for diffusing the service. Ali aii of the Interior. Ihe Secretary of tnc Interior complaia6 hitterly of, and dilates at length upon, tha iminenso amount of work he has to do, and the incongruous nature of the matters over which his jurisdiction ex tends. He protests against any further burdens being imposed upon his depart ment, and evidently hints, though he says nothing directly on tha subject, at the propriety of erecting a new Depart ment or two to share his labor. The surveys of public lands have pro gressed with rapidity; but of the seven teen millions nearly or quite ready foi the market, a large portion has been withdrawn from sale in consequence of the recent raiiroad graut) nnd cannot be restored for nine months or more. The actual settlement clausa in the graduation act seems to be almost uni versally neglectod. end the Secretary op pears to be of opinion that il might be dispensed wilh altogether. There has alfo been a good deal of cheating in locating the State swamp lands; but the Secretary thinks thai the shortest and easiest way will be to over look all departures from law, and to con firm without question the selection made by the States interested. The sales of land for ensh tha last fis cal year have been 9,22'?. 878 acres for $8 821.414. There have been located on military land warrants 8,382.480 acres. There have Ußen selected under rail road donations about 15.680,000 acres, and confirmed to the States under the Swamp Land grant 6,036,000 acres. The public domain has thus been dimin ished to the extent of 39,328,000 acres. The sales for cash during the second and third years of the current calendar year were 2 000,065 acres for $1,906.682. The total salrs for the four years past have been 30,935.174 acres for $27,940, 15!; while, including, military bounties, swamp lands, and railroad grants, the total alienations amount to about 94, 000 000 acres. On the 30th of June last thero were 13 i32 pensioners, at a cost of $1.360, 694. In this departmant, too, many frauds are perpetrated, and the Secreta ry calls for additional power to strike from the lists the names of those who have ceased to be entitled to iuvalid pensions. Tt. number of patents iMuod during the year is about 2 500. The abuses of the Jadiciary depart ment are still far from being cured, and the Secretary calls for new laws which we doubt not are very much needed to suppress tho peculating spirit which pre vails there. The Indian Agents, too, the Secretary thinks, need looking after, and he sug ge6ts the appointment of traveling a gent to visit them and report on their pro ceedings. There are now twenty Indian treaties before the Senate involving the cession of 122 000.000 acres of land for a con sideration of about $11.000.000. The Indians within our limits are estimated at a boat 300,000 souls. As we become more familiar with ihe more remote tribes, it is found that their numbers bare in general been greatly exaggerated. The Indian Department costs about $2.- 600,000 annually. The Secretary evi dently concurs in the opinion, so gener ally expressed by all who bare impar tially examineJ the sabjeet, that it it in the nggressions ot unprincipled white men that all our Indian war take their origin. Under these circumstances he thinks the only policy that promises pro tection is the system of colonization up on limited reservations a policy which j he represents ns going on very favorably. Vole ol' Indiana for President, rtBST DISTRICT. Buch, Fre. 111 27 1191 21 1277 277 1512 567 970 76 772 80 181U 306 1259 235 1880 372 Fill. 939 44 731 536 30 674 625 608 840 480 1071 510 1202 625 636 625 273 695 142 90 21 421 172 463 381 1040 61 297 37 380 14J 63 33 40 49 14 104 24 72 153 205 68 142 296 625 586 191 423 349 80 884 80 22 34 37 142 42 76 8 40 9 66 45 38 27 10 6 42 145 75 18 12 6 48 19 67 69 47 89 38 28 68 64 64 14 108 16 Daviess I 1 Kn 1 i Qibso K.M0X Martin Pike Posey Spencer Vanderburg Warrick 1506 107 SFXOHli DISTRICT, 1950 490 735 24 1767 228 1697 773 1207 49 1019 306 688 264 Clark Crawford Floyd Harrison Orsnge Ferry Scott Washington 1778 332 Oll RU DISTaiCT. Bartholomew Brown Jackson Jefferson Jennings Lawrence Monroe Switzerland 1844 1292 681 148 1693 291 1918 2336 1150 1293 1226 480 1187 512 1121 228 FotJttTH DI8TH1CT. 1639 1718 2619 1573 2257 1437 503 106 1661 1425 1685 1614 huh nisTnicT. 92 1736 1002 1128 122 2741 1253 2042 719 763 1958 3689 SIXTH UlSTBtCT. 1343 962 1378 1680 1608 lu93 3738 3697 1558 1573 2075 1610 D?catnr Dearbon Franklin Ohio Ripley Hush Delaware Fayette Henry Rindolpli Union Wavna Hancock Hendricks Johnson Marion Morgan Shelby Clay Greene Owen Parke Putnam Sullivan Vermillion Vigo StVXKTH D1S1BICT. 1109 365 1198 398 1239 487 1281 1491 1882 1345 1655 262 824 866 1808 1165 EIGHTH OIITRICT, 1493 1299 1344 1261 1364 1361 1588 1616 Boone Carroll Clinton Fountaiti Montgomery Ti ppecanoe Warren 2088 1910 2307 8778 768 1168 M I NTH OISTBICT. 217 315 Benton Cats Fulton Jasper Lake La Porte Marshall Miami Pulaski Porter St. Joseph Starke White 1539 835 548 310 2239 1039 1513 559 614 1509 155 746 1503 822 633 923 2533 927 1390 341 847 1813 112 703 TEHTH DlSTBICT. 3211 1593 Allen DeKalb Elkhart Kosciusko La Grange Hoble Steuben Whitley 1247 1601 1075 640 1198 553 651 1097 1921 166S 1406 1257 1215 797 ELEVENTH DISTBtCT. 847 413 406 238 1035 1395 1185 1748 666 1057 A dama Blackford Grant Hamilton Howard Huntington Jay Madison Tipton Wabash Wells 1161 1232 880 688 1603 1309 738 546 1190 1785 931 786 Total vote for President, Buchanan 118 672; Fremont 94,377; Fillmore, 21,775. vote tor President at Disttttcts. First District, 13110 2145 6838 Second District, 10877 8271 6656 Third District 10753 6568 3323 Fourth District 10268 7901 1003 Filth District, 7144 12160 889 Sixth District. 11670 10516 594 Seventh District, 10053 6368 3968 Eighth District, 10951 11383 435 Ninth District, 11857 18663 363 Tenth District, 10426 10998 330 Eleventh District. 10588 11332 615 PorüLAt Amüsements, Whatsoever it not detrimental to society; and it of positive enjoyment, it of God the surer of all good things, ami ought to be re ceived and enjoyed by-hit creatures with thankful delight. Jfoörrf Burn. Advertising 'it the ail which tha wise tradesmen pat kt their lamps tad thai fool iah ones neglect to use.