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MARSHALL COUNTY REPUBLICAN. 51 National Ucpublian Newspaper. Beuoteo to Constitutional Cibettn, Union, anö euern true Jntcrcat of trje onntrn. PLYMOTUH, INDIANA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 35, 185C. NO. 13. VOL. 1.1 rjc Ucpublican is ruiuUF.n EVSST TWLTDAY mobmieg by i. m.ittin,ly. If paid in advance, ----- fl 50 .V the end of six months. - - - - 2 00 If delayed until the end of the year, -2 50 A failure vo order a discontinuance at the expiration of the time subscribed for, will be considered a new engagement, and the paper continued. XJ" No paper will be discontinued until all im asanas are paid, unit at the option of the Pablsiher. UTtie above terras will be strictly ad hereJ to. Xdvertising . (rs MSSS. oi kSa, aarviia. mask a sq' aki One square three insertions or lss, tl 00 .cn additional insertion, ... 23 Bnsiness Cards inserted one year, I 00 Lfl advertisements must be cash in ad vance or aocf-ped security. Advertisements, time If marWed will be inserted till forbid den, and charged at me above rates. MeSttfelttat Office. MlN C3ILL9, circulars, pamphlets. Bl 81 Si ESS CAR 06, HEEI.S, FLASKS &C , F.wuted on the sho:test notice and ia the latest style- Blan Deed?, Mortgages, No-e. Snhpcenaes, Executions, and all kinds of Blanks kept on hand and :or sal-. - aaxH.-r u stairs in the old rivmoutb Motel. DIRECTORY. M ARSHACt COUNTY I BMOORAT, A- m n u TV II ...1.1 laaaaaa at .,.p;i..l .ilaii t'. .IK U ili-l ('" C uro I H.Mafl PALMER, Dealer in Dry GockIs, 3 ota Shies, tlaidware, Queensware, :eries, and Hats & Caps. JCi OQORNE .Vttoroey & CouneT- lor at Law. Office up stairs over Palm era Store, Plymouth, Ind. , DTJ W " BSNMBTT S office t his resi-U-nee three doors north of Edwards' otel, on Michigan street. B"5üRE4. EVANS, Dealers in Dry Goods Groceries, Crockery and Ready made Slothing; corner Laprte Mich, street-. iioWNLEE CO. Dealers in Dry " GoJs, Boots Sho, Ready made Clothing. Hardware A Cutlery. DR. 7. . LEMON, Practicing Physician, ami dealer in Dms .Med.c.nes, Oils, Paini A Groceries, east s.de Mich.ganjtreet. AVINEDG.:. Dealer in Fore:gn and Do . mestic Groceries and Provisions east side Mihnan strret. , W- L. PIATT, Chair Cabinet maker. . and ündeTtaaer. Farniture room in n i room of the old Plymouth Hotel- J rSELYON, Minufacturer and deaie ; --..Ts Jt Shoes, and Shoe Filings, W J wast siue .Wichi?an street. GS.CLEAVELAND Wholesale and re . tail dealer in Try Goods. Hardware and (rxicerirs, new buildiag north side Lanorte st. TtxT H. OLESBLE & Co. Dealars in Dry lN . Coo Is Groceries Hardware, Boots and r ' ryjjajhnc Storo. , JL WESrtv&VELT Ä Co. Dealers i. Dfc)-Goods Groceries, Hardware. Boots a how. Rea ly made Ckrthin A c. FKIIHQ .V I rtOMPSON, W holesale and Retail dealer in Droge Sa dicing Oils, P a l a,taVHasa Glassware, a ni Groteries. BRÖWN 5l BAXTEitManuract irersof Tin Sheet Iron and Copperware, aad dealers a -1 v i. v'i i i-i in Stoves sign oi nn suuV H. REEVS, Atty. at Law. Collections C punctually attended to iu onnesn i Lands lor sale clieap. dtana MW SMITH, Justice oi tne peace, w, . attend to business in the Circuit and C im. Pleas court. Over the Post office- Vt SM'L. HIC.G1NB Tri M, Physician J in Rurjeon. Office at hisresidence on tae east side of Mir higsn street. T1)HNCOUOLB, Keeps a general aJreort mentef Dry Goo Is, Groceries, Vegetables and Meats of all kit. Ja. Cox. Ganoi Mich, a .s. DH J D GRAY. Eclectic Physician, will attend to calls day or night. Office four doors north of a H. Reeve s residence. xr.nr, Piri?e Sl Plow &L.i'i i v.u. o- r-,..ar at their new stand at the south ead of the Bridge, Michigan street- D it. Dito .1. r ut.-"-" -o - ' -i . m 11 rails in his , , . . l - v- u . ; fi! Sur.' on. mm Will Q:.JlUjLIJ hu ' nVofessionT Office athis residence. south Plym. a TfVic.PH. Cabinet Maker and Uu- . dertaker, Sonth Ptyreouth. Di CHAS. WBSP, ücitctie rnaciiu, Offije at hs reiideuce. east side M;chi- s-a street PA! LOR, Cabmet Maker an J underta ker, corner uenier at watmngiuii TDWARDS' HOTEL, Wm. C. 5dwai Ii Pro- I J prietor, corneroi aUicniga.un.au .uiufc l . atreets. AK BRIGGS, IL.rse Shoeing and Blacksmdhineof all kinds dona toorder. Si-p sontt east of Edwards' Hotel. M&R1C AN H USE, C P. Cherry i Son proprietors, Soiiymoutjl MR. PRTftSK CO., De-ilersln Family , Gro-:eries. .' revisions, Coulacuouariet ik t South PlymontP. w ebd f t E' RICK & LAMS lN. Ilm, Sign, and :n,un .- - Irn.m.ulxl P lltllTJl. Shu ip anuin the B. ider, Plyraouth, Ind. Cheeseman's Pills, fXi'dE Trw Scarce of Health in the Fe x male Co a ution. Jast receivea ana mr taW by ;fllNG it THOMPSON. taf. 7, 1856. TEEGMMM9E1V HOUSE. . W. AXTELL, Prwfrkaor, ' LAPORTE. INDIANA. DOTY8 W OW E L , 62, Randolph St. T.JMTY, - - lropHrtor. .'CT ALL LAMPS, for i eale at Robert Lapaate. poetical. aRarth's Ansel. Earth has ner angels, though their forms arc moulded, But of such clay as fashions all below. Though hatps are wanted, and bright pinions folded, We know them by the love-Ii4ht of their brow. f have seen angels by the sick one's pillow: Theirs was the soft voice and noiseless tread; When smitten hearts were drooping like the willow, Tbey stood between the weeep'ng and the dead. And if mv sight, by earthly dimness hindered, Beheld no hovering; seraphs in the air, I doubted not; forspi its know their kindred They smiled upon the wingless watchers there. There have been at gels in the gloomy pis c n In crbwdel halls by the lone widow's hearth; And where they passed the fallen have op- riiCi hope j The giddy paused the mourner's had ! rib. Oh, many a spirit walks the world unheeded. That when itsveilof sadness is laid dawn, Shall soar aloft, with pinions unimpeded. And wear iis L'lorv lika a inrrv rrntvni 0 j - mt- J w a. aBaaawaaasaaaaawaaaaaaBBaaaaMaaaaaaaB political. i iir tSr-i-.ihlir.aia ta4fcltion or Wat.inSton to Ha Republican or the I is i tetl States. 1 The Presidential coutest is over, and at last we have some materials to enable, us to form a judgeaneut of tha results. j Seldom have two partios emerged from I a conflict with less of joy to the Tictors ' more of hope to the vanquished. The ( Pro Slavery nartv has elected its Presi- i deniial csndidate, only, however, by the' votes of ve minority, and that of such a character as to stamp the victory as the offspring of aoctionalism and temporary causes. The Republicans, however, able to prr sent clearly to the public the real issurs of the canvsss Slavery Extension or Slavery Restriction have carried the IVople wit) them by unprecedented ma j .rities almost breaking up in s- tne States the organization of their adver saries. A sndden gathering together of ihe r.erple alarmed at the inroads of the I ! .v8 Puwm. r.iher th.n a well orgaoi j zed party, with but a f?w months to at tend to the complicated details of pnrty warfare, obstructed by a secret Order, which bad nre-occunied the Geld, and obtained a stronghold of tbe national aad I religious prejudices of the masses; oppo sed to an old party, commencing thacan- viss with the united support of a pow erful section, hardrnsd by long party 'fill, accustomed to victory, and wield ing the whole power of ihe Federal Ad ministration a party which only four yjars ago carried all but four of tha Slates, and a majority of ihe popular vote stiil, uui'er uil these advert cir- cumstnnces. they hare triumphed in elf - ven. if not twelve, of the Free Sta tes n -min-nt for enternrise aYid c-ntral : a ...j uir f- -r o uieuageu,. .uu c..n... ... the white popawavion of lhe country ;g,v, en to their Presidential candidate near-; . n -a, aal ly three times ns many electoral votes as ... Wh; nn ., 16.1S9 ... 1 t .1 r r !;. aio I., ennne vvihrmt ,mUr i ua prear ii i conu iiiou una luiuic piu- ciiesinui wrnuer Biicirn'iv a-wwn in anil this da v con tro the Govern men s of . taeir votes in response, t mout emoar-, r . ww uns (.8J (.ui.hu. uu . r . Defeat of his party, to be followed, 1 ti a nee wa? very ditfeienl fiom the pre fourteen of the moat powerful Statea of , raasmmt. without restraint of ax.y kind. )OStliul,t by junioUi WOUld seeru lo be ' sent growth, lt was strong and durable, the Union. ! nineteen twe?nuetha of the people of the sufficient to disturb bis equanimity. j and lasted, as raftere, 500 years; no in Well may our adversaries tremble in Free States rind perhaps more then half ISul yesterday be received information of sect preyed upon it. It fa said that the hour uf their victory. "The Dmo-of ihe people of the Slave Sta tee. woulJ the business to be 'laid before ihu South-, oaks, too, in the middle ages were ea . . . . mm. - at S-v.-. hj.. h and lnct irom Ii- ilniVipiit frnrn thnsA nt tili n-r. : A i-l. P.-nklin " r rät 1 r ni 1 iii.il a tar huuiiluu i t w a . . ' , ' they say "are nearly baianceo in regara to pover. The former was victorious . 1- u... - ...ia ih. .T.n.inn ..r.Wv JA.iro.ia ih.t III IUC IfLCUl 9U -b6 U r W v ; 00 "a hardlv" won. with lha aid of important - ' .fMntal adriatgcni The latter hr.s acx. dentai aavantagea. i ne lawei abated nothing of its seal, and baasjfler- eJ no pauae iu its preparations for anoth-1 er battle. Wiih such numerical force, such zeal. intelligence and harmony in counsel; . wiih so many great States, snd mere than a million voters rallied to their standard 1 by the efforts of a few months, why may j not the Republicana confidently e a pect i victory in the neit contest? The necessity for their organization Stilt eiiätl in all its ferce. Mr. Buch anan has always proved tree to the de. msnds uf bis .party. He fully accepted the Cincinnwti platform, and pledged himself to its policy of fillibustering a - broad and slave propagandism at home. Prominent and controlling emong wis supporters ere men commit teal,, by word and deed; to that policy, and wbat is therein his Character, his antecedents, tlTe nature of his Northern support, to authorize the expectation that he will diaregard their will' Nothing will be so likely to reatxain baas and counteract theiff eatreme meaawes, ae a vigorous and growing Republican Oroniaatfcn, as nothing would be mere necessary i..fiia . . j it tha cms of Freedom and the Union, should he, as we have every reason to believa, continue the Pro Slavety policy of the present incumbent. Let ua be- mm . ( fVil.tiiin nm urn-3 r rl trat tins In II C U IUIUIUS Ul lim um w sea what he will do. We know the am bttion, the necessities, ine schemes oi tne Slave Power. Ii? policy of extension nnd aggrandizement aud universal empire, . . " ... . . . , a r is the Ia.T ol its bom, not an accident is settled, not fluctuating covert open, moJerate or extreme, according to gatchy of s ave-holders and slavery prop circumstances, it never changes its spirit pagandists. governed by Wise, Atchison, or aim. With Mr. Bjchanan, the ale et Soule. end Walker, founded in fraud and aafa .--ii i v.. il:. . mii vinl. -nrc and aeekinT affra nd ize man t bv v,. - p-.., i- ministering the Government, the safety of th c ouir.rv, an 1 of frao institutions must rest in the organizilion of the Re publican parly. What, then, ia the duty bofore us? Organization, rigiirtnee, action, action on the rostrum, through the prss, at th- ballot box. in Stale, c mn'.y, city, end town electiuiu; evory where, at all times. in every election, making Republicanism, or loval'y to the policv or principles of its a I vocates the sole political lest. No primary or municipal election should be suffered to go by default. The party . V. ........ ' I IV..: I I - - i..av uu.u uterru auunoiiy, must in- uinj'.i in iiic kj.t .ra iiiu iiiuuipii in oiu; elections must be prepared by municipal anrrrca N xt to retaiuine power in the States lreadr under the control, let the RPuV 'icans devo'e themselves to the work of disseminating their principles nud imita- i ' ting the true course of political action in the States which have derided thü l,r. uecitifuiueeiecB, tion against them. This time we failed for reasons, nearly all of which may be 'era ived by proper effort. Many thous and honest, but not well informed voters, who supported Mr. Buchanan under the delusive impression that hfc would hror .a - arsa a, the cause or free Kansas, will soon learn their mistake, and be anxious tie correct 't. Th tim id nnllrv nf in R-nuhl icins mi New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Indi ana in postponing their independent ac tion, and temporizing with a party go: up fur purposes not in harmony with therown, the conduat of Mr. F.il!morea ,. . . , .f . friends, in either voting for Mr. liu.han-i.. an or dividing the opposition by a fi,f r" ate ricket, can hardly be repeated g-in, The true course of the Republican ia. toorg-vnize promptly, boldly, and honest , B . . . , , ly npon their own principles so clearly set forth in the Philadelphia Platform and avoiding co.litions with other Pariiea, appeal directly to the masses of, . P.riiPQ to iot.ntf all oririnizilinna and isaues which would divert the Puo- lie Mind from the one danger that now threatens the honor and stability of ihr Union, Slavery Propagandist!) allied wiih Disunioniem. Let us not forget that it is not the want of generous sentiments, but ofsuf ficicnt information, that prevents the ! o that he will not be iu ihe way of any American people from being united iai ,. , .... , f 1 ' ' T:i dtflrtrnlfo ia m tne attitude of nfir ! action egainat the aggressive policy of the j Slave power. Were those simple ques ! lions submitted to day to the People of I . - . th. U.,iid Stains- Are vou in f.ivor of . n the ex. ension of slavery-Are 30110, 'avor of fuch extension by the aid or m. . mtl. B. Ja t äaV av Y 1 af A. . aa . connivnnce o! ;ne reuerat uovernment' in coul.l thev be re r .111 1 V: 6 I o recoreT return a drrided neirativfl tn both. ... , . u c .w. I. ' ua o. a.iu ... imm reupir, ei us believe that at heart tney are hostile -- J territories or the Lniou be confers- j . 1? r t ,n .... .. ted to Free Labor and Free institutions ' .and that they requires only eulightment to the most effrctual njeans of secu- ! ring this end, to convert their cber- ished Kolimenl tuto a find priociule of 1 action. Tbe times are pregnant with warning, That a Disunion Party exists in ihe South no loiger admitt of a doubt It accepts tbe erection of Mr. Buchanan as afford ing time and means to consolidate its strength and mature its plans, which will comprehend not only the enslavement of K.nsas, and tha reconitori of all slave- ry in all territory of the United State?, ... uui nie .ugicniuii ui tu lunn Ulli Ul tCaaifrrnie into a Slave State, the organ- ixailon of a new Slave Territory in she Gadsden purchase, tbe future annexation of Nicaragua and subjugatiou of Cectral America and tha acajisition of Cuba; and, as the Free Statee are aot expected te submit to ell this, ultimate niacin bar meat of the Uniou end the formation of e great Slave-holding Confederacy, with foreign alliances with Brazil and Russia. It may assume at firet a moderate tone, 10 Brevem sudden alienation of ite North ern alias; it may delay the devrlopement nf !t nlnt a i t 1 id un Jer tbo Piprre Ad- of .ts plot, as it did unJer the Pierce Ad ministration; but the repeal of the Mis souri Compromise came at last and so ...I will come upon the country inevitably the first acts of dark conspiracy. When , a I . . - I f m . lirt V., I,- a III I ihn hour shall have corns, then will the - .... .t ... t i. a it. ....... .a .i, M ... . -n nmit.v ycuiut.u u. ..i.. driven into our ranks, and the men of the Slave States who prefer the Ropublic of L- a ,..-, t..-. ...w vasningiou. auhihi, jbiiciiuii-i rrpuu- r lie of law, order and liberty to an oli- 'V ' ? " ' the spoliation of nations, will bid Odd speed to the labors to the Republican Prtv to ncpserve Liberty and the Uuion. one and inseperable, perpetual and all- "--y I w powerful. RtPUBLic.H Rooms, Washington, No vember. 27. 56. Flattering iNtimate or .fir. Bn cZiauaii. One of the Lmcaster gossippers, who hangs about the premises of the President elect, eulightent the readers of & New York contemporary by llio following es- timate of Mr. Buchanan. We thiak the 1 . . a . . a pjctura is over uravvu, out give it as we ij,,,) j; i Sjme of your correspondents have come Bnr i!i(. mirW in their nred.ctioiis of the future, if I am any ja;lge. f.. :r 1 . .. : .rl r .. II., , ., 5. i I . UUä I a 1 a l iB linn w in tiprn.ns. aoovo n i outers. a . . l , . i possesses n zest for the tnjoyminf of the lf slflV0S may ba carried wherever no ii I .,' . L - j:i.tlawr forbids it. tvhv mav Ihov tint ho rfC5l:leiicy. lie is lunu oi me uispiay of official dignity: loves gay society and brou&h! horn Africa, if a white man hap fiue appearances; is cheered by the pres Pens l. b,,J " fcw .n thc Guinea coast? i i i:i "nee Ol women niiee inen tuqunriei, . . . . ! . . . V f their blandishmehts, ond their lascina- Whoever wins Miss ! Lne i heart will have his a double (prize, worth contending for. He is food i a good dinner, good wine, good whist and bon mot. Hiving robust health, Tii.ii,t laarnintrrinil ma Iure kl.i trsm n Bhj lhe hQnQn of tha c,jief Execu;ivt I.- racefullf worn by him. And J thus he would pass his term, if poasi 016. But with all the experienca of the President elect, his familiarity with teg islation. with treaties, and with the de tails of the Departments in every f branch i of the aervice, it is to be douhti j rautn "nctner uta rrpoaa at vvneetland is to be exchanged for a bed of roses. ... ., " -. . .. t his trouu.es will not come in l.ie lorna 1 of the annoyancea generally predicted. Your pertinacious cliques of pwou.ge epecu'etota in New York will not err em , " - i character, his action will be summary, ; ephll,c aml fintl Tne partisans w h J design npproaching him with peremptory deaaet.ds, w i'l ba) awed in his presence. I. V . , l. ,nliirlili nl lhal e s tho lecully ol suDduiog interior ... inIa aa aa n.il 1 aa a a I vat Mino In 1 1 i r f 9 I " j o r aniK: and therättS UOt 11 is II V oLlhe latter jn ,,, H.-nce, il ia Üle to suppose t,lia; (j jl. Forney tan iuflueoce him iu the seleciiou of his Otbiuet, or in fram- : . v. ...... r I. ; . j -: nit ur mintuic.ui .I'liiiiui.tijuuii. u6. 1. 1 r- 1 v .. a uv.se. 7 ei uecu on v obedience. lie talks lo him ' d ,alim-n doea to junior ...i :.r ii ;m .i.i. r,a. a ii a an iiiirnur. no 1.1 humui ,w. mi.i, tjeg aQd t, e dinger m-u,cig the U.no,,. ' TUe maiu principle of the pariy which elected him, the right to extestd Slavery 1a - a- . 1 t : t into territory now nee. cannot ne a oau doned or modified. Aud having ote al- iQCcecded lhe Repuii.icanTartv, wll tn irre,,reMible eagerness ana an . - - . at a 1 nudoutfting purpose, are already prpar- ma lor tne secoiiu eucounier Such is f u lure " wl . .a. a s . ari s . nignt ne was grave aua mougnuui. u seems Uial lhe s mtbern States are going to try experiments 011 a limited soule be- ' f,.rA n'.moinfr head and enr3 into diau- I 7 O O kRu 'u "f w tt first but keep near the shore, and see . . . r how thy can bear the temperature, &c. Without rupturing their Federal rela- tions, it eec.o they bate a project of non ' mtercoorse, gradual and prospective. i l" Bhof, lUr' nave., h lf"5 10 rc, Unha that thev will beam at once and j live and act aa nearly as posaible as if j tney were already separated; or rather as ! if .he North did not exist. They are to be economical, wear their old clothes, im port directly, end tell their eolton at home for specie! Thev ate Roing to do Something of that aort. Tbey will lake : a miociua taste of disunion first, 10 see 'how it will digest, and what effect til j fill have on the North. , f.'rnl!' ! , BTBSw 9aaavt3 m a aavi 's; tic Slave Traetc The Sentintl denies that any leading organ of lhe Democratic party hae advo- cted the'reotnine of the slave trade, and rates us roundly for asserting it, It aaTf- When the Journal, therefore, speaks TOfa doctrine that was too preposterous for serious mention two years ego, liar tog become so popular that the leading organs of the Democratic party of the 3 J :. i, la. f k. country auvocaia ., i ipnai ui i which ddes not exist; and tbe editor j shows extreme ignorance or audacitjt in risking the aaeertion. Wilt he name a few of those deeding organs,' Just by the way of showing the extent of Ins knowl- dg of a fac t of which he speaks with so confWpQe M flipncjr -A will name f everal. The New Orleans Delta, the organ of Jeff. D vis - aw and Genl. Quitman both goud Democrats, Cabinet officer, and the other pro- one a D.'mn- i iitiKr fill m I i ri 1,1 a c'v . - - ' . . . crane paper, tlie Uincmnlti inquirer is - - ' ;0)() The Charleston .Vcrcury, the or- gnn 0f Andrew P. Butler, is another. The Carolin Time, the South Bide Dtocrat. and the R.chmnn.l P-wttiHtr. - - -- - though this last aas it was 4 in f'1". when it urged the flare irirla rk.,n . All of these are Prominent and , ' i -independent.-if they choose, but tha t fa - live auonorters of tha Dumnrr.ii, The editor of nn nf n, i - - - - -ww w aa'vwv r I ' v ' ay w w u I the Democratic candidate for, Clerk of the ... ... Mouse last winter, and the editor ofan - other was Secretary of the Cincinalti Convention. Besides these, we hivo seen extracts from a number of professed Dem Mmrt.n f 1 1 , . i - : wwn pjpf n. vi nine uuic, iu irpu.i and Suu.fi Carolina, fdvoring the slave trade, bu; we have forgotten their names. But it is a matter of little consequence whether these papers ne technical) Dem ocratic organs or net. They represent that feeling which controls the course of j lh(, Soinh flnd thul (he mocalic - . party. I; is but a short step, and logi- !va,,7 iivaaaiy cur, iu lue Biuve liaue, ,rom e doctrine of the Democratic par l7 ll3B1 Slave noK-ers nave the sme ntit to take their niggers to a territory that a free man has to take his horse,'' i j i lie ri?ni in nr na nie nrnnertv bnmo iE o - -- - --.-r.-, - nmi, . k ...ki i. i.l. :. - 6" wm Home to a place wnere tnere is no law on the subject. The Darmcratic party made no greater change from iho policy of 1S43. when they passed the Nebraska ftsll, than . V. : 1 1 i a . i . f . i 1"T W,M ",,en u'eJ step irom me Nebraska Bill to the Slave Trade Lid. Jour. Agricultural. From Life Il'ustratrd. AMERIfiX FiUHLR'S 1NNHTLTE CLIP. j Weekly meetings held every Tuesday in ltu'ciucR. it tAe rooms 3bl Broad - way. New York. ' Tuesday, Dec 2. Judge Livingston in ; the Chair. The Secretary. Judge Meua ' read a variety of interesting papers; ono' of which was from an essay prepared by a la4. nf f'nrV . ht,. I ciM,. I j v s wavt upvil a i.v. j l oil worms that produce three crops of silk a j car-'.hat is threeliatchings of worms. -Mmm, V all supported Mr. Buchanan as faithfully ! 6aVfQ 1 ,,'e0, 8,1 10 WBrcB " wis ap end far more efficiently, than did the i P,ied while a!l 1the" d,,eri- B' "PP'' .SVufini-Z. Thev mnv 'rail kAmi.a.. ' ,nß certain fertilizers I h&ve produced Roses -Experiments. A Freren barkauJ lcag the bodies smooth, gardner has succeeded in prodacng, T m tion from mr. Bergen, of blua Kiel. An eiptriment has been Wa1, lhe PfljifMOr said U.tre was tnea öpon 415 varieties of potatoes w.th- uq j b,ow gj out any important result. A statement ( he Uf yt Uule , vhen be sel U)ern that we , ndorse says that no impSitant ouf and uimed them a fa; as they grew production of any crop can be ol-Uin di. , ..n, r . . , , a . , , 'into a pyramidical form. As to talk ot wit hout deep culture, and the harder the , 1 ,u ;, ; aU nr. " rr , rc I Ar b mfl he ninrknt lt IS Rli ll'.OOn. suit the deeper the cultivation needed. 1 -- a uo jjuuuuii .1 i i.e 1. u 111 bis nave 1 -T.1.J u... a .... .... !u ru , l known to iho luoaouanls of Ruma 1.200 1 years seo. Roses ere numerously us.-d I .u-. n f " .... iu mal uc u 'ua an uv . -;siuus, iioiu uiuiii to dea th. w - - An experiment tried, nroves that prain can be cut in France by hand at abdoi r - m w the same puce as ny machines. I'erhnps .a a - aa the same mav on said of anv ro.in . r where labor is chawp. m -e ay. Weight of Wheat Ptlf BtHElf IN I Scotland. The Highest grown in 1855 was 56 pounds, etid heaviest 64 pounes, The average weight of wheat in Scotland I . . . .a.... is 60 lbs. per imperial bushel. at AnCIEST CUEST.NUT TlMBER. Am. 1 vir, a aa ac w 1 a 1 aaarbsii a, 1 1 ' T 1 . a seniuay. Orchards Thr Best Mode or Plast me and Preserving. The Secretary .k.. f ty. uwv.aa. easaa ive taau aa .a-aw - j f tin UaV-VI lUU9tlvu vs liio uu j 11 iu aaaa a v vw 4 1 uiartinn r f lha rtb h-afl rriv oA and a considerable audience being present, he hoped some of them had something to offer upon this very important subject. The chairman called on Solon R Vin son, who stated that he had nothing to offer but wbat was well known to all pre sent that is, that fruit is at present very scarce and high, and he feared the caoae of it ws a general malady affect ing all fruit treea. It is well known that tbe Baldwin apple ia failing, and perhaps going out ol existence in the land of its origin, r loriaa once proauoara as nnr oiaua-.5 as ever grew in any part of the ; WOrld, and in extravagant abundance; bat a little mite of an infect is destroy j,,g the trees from the lace of the earth, Here at war own door, m New Jersey, i 5 i.u k iiuw iuc vOi.ii h 1 o .aii- j iug, and eveiy.erhese the epples are less fair and rich, and treea less productive thai formerly. Vow, if there ia a rem lady within tbe reach of man's power, we ought to search for it aad apply it. At I f laa4 we ought to think, and if there is uy thing that we can do to snake those who plaut trees and grow fruit think up on thia'aubject, we should do it earnest ly. Upon the subject of planting treee there does appear to be an excess of tg- norance or want of thought, among farm ere. The common naetaoa ia to eig a tit tle hole into a hard eoil, and stick in a clump of a trae with e few club roots, mmm. . a ft ... St aa nd pound down the d rt wuh a miul. and then let the ground grow up to grist, and expect the tree to grow and produce fr"'t- Now I hav in my nun I a gentle - man wI)o, by a careful preparation of the I a aa-.. 1 .J A ! 1 . 1 - j ' special manuring oi uja eva, has produced benhhy wood and abundant ' C,0P ot frnit at his option; and. at tbe i.i.t f,.,;. i... i... c,A haf., wm v..., : 1 1 i .a -a - 1 1:1 a8K inal genenan to tavor ua wilh 8ome mrks upon this Subject, Prof. Mape8--1 have-experimented ten ear9- uil i have found that I can make pear trees grow wood or produce fruit. I3y the uee of a fertilizer applied to a ,a3?c car? of "nd : 1 ... F , a. , I : "J-"ge My dwarf very large crops of pears year after year. pear trees this year averaged 290 large pears per year. In putting out Pear tree 1 l0P iUem severely. 1 stir- , m ' "c p,ow7 " c:hl I I in fliiir a rin'i (.fir not i Unn i ,V " , 1.. , ' i and four fef 1 Wlde and fiue( 11 ?lih 6ur ! i!' 1 lhen 'ed w 'la1a ,fo0t a"ßUr : SUU d9ePCr thaU 1 dU the holei' 1 8el .' ' v trees from lour to six inches fallow the joining of the pear with the quince root. I trim into a pyramid ical shape. To prevent winter blight I take away the malch and earth in the fall to check the growth before winter In ihe summer 1 keep all khe trees mulched to keep the soil moist and of an even temperature. j 1 take soluble humas an i potash to make wood, but I do not do that to make fruit. For that I render phosphate, of lime sol uble by an excea of sulphuric acid, ami apply in spring. Guano ehould nsver be applied in spring, or summer; it may be iu the fail. I always apply potash a f is r the phosphate, b me of my pear treea this year, that do not occupy over euht feet of ground, brought me 200 shil lings. I sold all my crop at 81 to 81,50 a dozn, My rows stand twenty feet n part, and I cultivate between, but I nev er uee any barn yard manure that will always injure the trees. The surface must always be kept in a pulverienl ataie, I would adjise to set dwarf tress 8 feel apart both ways, where the laud is not to be tilled. Great care must be taken i in pler.ting trees that is all important i so ia the soil. The fame of Newark cider ia world-wide. It comes from the iitwrison anl Ciuüeld applo-s, grown up ! on a certain locality. The juice is very rich, and not inclined to run into vine gar. The fruit of this district is po3 ' ,wd of tt pe-u!ir fl i orc!lu,,:i8 are 11)0 yei ivor. Some of the years o.d, but tbe pro- 1 16 111,5 generany very uKngtui aoout 7 rohrd, rv.u.r. u is oe causo lhe 0,d lree do 001 C0Ql,nue tü bear we!i- Tv:,ich ia üW"S 1 a "at ? hm n the soil. Tbe only raL uati wash for fruit trees is a saturaetd solution of soda. Take sai soda and heat lt, ftd hot- eili dt ö? p.oua(1 1 .n m. m- A itmrh if I 111 a- m m f ' T w 13 i An r V t . n I ' ma. ...'j " - shine. The confectioners windows are , ,, , , . .r, . of French peare, at 50 cents apiece ' A pear from California on tha table, i F . . . ..... ' w,8n8 two, foaa n0 maller wh.at 118 qaauiy, wouiu u m auj Huau.n -v im I uc , , tyboleale at 66 a dozen. This pear is i Mi inches in circumference by 19 inches bJ of ihe 8tem The kind in not Br it i II 1 B fl äW l.y i". 1 l.lirWITl III J 1 I r H i rr i t TT i : : . .r c ! me '. ent31ieu anutuer pear, sepposeu to be of the common ' pound pear spa- overthrow the Government because one cies, that grew upon a graft on a Calalor- j or two newspapers and a few monoma nia stock at S in Joss, that weighed 2 lbs. nines in a pnticular loeallity rail against 13 oz. and measured 14 fro und ths bulge. the union oa lee States and advocate its end 211 inches around by way oi the j dissolution. There are doubtless causes stem, by actual measurement to uay of complaint, not II of ihem imaginary, These pears are looked u pop. by all pres-. both North and South, but we have too ent as some of the most remarkable spec-: much faith in the general loyalty of both imens ever seen here; yet Mr. Corwin sections to admit the justice of the Pres says they are not uncommon productions! ident's allegation. In the most violent in ihait remarks b'.e State. debates of thela-U session we heard North- The price of apples, in this market, em S-mtors, distinguished for their ax is higher now than for years at this 6eason trees' opinions on the Kansas question, of the year. The. Maine Farmer reports not only pubiicaily repndiate tbe reino itut the app'e crop of that State, in com- ( test wish or intention to interfere with mo with that of oth?r Statss, is very' light, and good apples fetch a high price. - tad S -m B I I ! Here, in Sic w x or. ..nLB u nas ucen ns I , a f f U f a . g chnrf TFOH olfin I oles, not only at the Wc?t. but in the V.OI milieu l Eastern States, and throughout the coun try generally, the price of this fruit is enormously high. Greenings retail at t5 per barrel; Rutwets at f5. etc. Respecting apples which have been ex ported, the accounts are favorable. In stead of the total export between some 3.O00 or 10,000 barrels, aa estimated ear ly in the season, the amount will prob ably be near 20,000 Thus, we seud ap ples to England, and bring pears from France. We hopejfarmers will increase their orchards, and produce a full supply of fruits. From tbe GraysviUe Herald. Tbe Chinese Sugar Cane iu South ern Illiaaois. Being ttqueated by many to publish a statement, through lhe columns of your paper of my experience with, end value of the Chinese Sugar Cane, I therefore send you tbe following statement, which you will plraae insert. Oo the 25th of May I planted about half an acre of ground, one year old. A j portion of tha soil was low and wet in the spring, in fact' I covered the seed with mud, the other part was bigh aud sandy; the consequence was whea the dry season set in tbe wet part baked very hard, end Uta bigh burnt up for want of rain, I plowed it whan about tan inches higli, and that was .11 the workiag it got I with the exee ptien of a slight hoeing I previou3 to plowing; my object to 1 Ascertain the amount of saccharine mat ter contnined in the stalks, end supposed ! a t a a . a i enougn wouiü grow to mace tne expert- rnrnt. Many of the stalks graw from sixteen to twenty feet high, (in tha loi i: - iataiil Hl- , jjrouiiu n gie unit iwrnc icc. j ins made a mill on which to grind it, I commenced on the 24th of September. The cane had tbeu received two or three frosts, which slightly injured the taste of ihe water. 1 am convinced that the amount oi stalks I used can be grown from a'quarler of an acre. The amount of water obtained from the piece wai 270 gallons, from which I made forty five gallons, which in flavor and bright red color, is far superior to any molasses ob tained from the South. I did not try to grain any of it aa it will not grain after being frosted, but I am convinced there will bo no difficulty in graining it if tried previous to frost. If it is planted by the middle of May it will ripee by the end of August, nnd remain in good con riition until frost, and if cut up and put in sheds (in apprehension of frost) it will keep well for a month or more. I will give a b. element of what may be made per acre, judging from the amount of water obtained from each stalk. One of my neighbors, Mr. A. Dagan obtained from seven choice stalks one gallon of water, and in aooiher trial made by Mr. McCiei t , sen., and myself, we pressed from ten stalks one gallon and" a quart. The number of stalks iu a bill ahould be from four to six. In my calculations I only estimate ona quart ol water to the hill, allowing sixteen hills per square rod. which will make 2,560 hills to the acre, and this, at one quart per bill, will mike 640 gallons of wniar to tha acre, which will make 1 10 gallons of mo la see. Valued at 75 els per gallon, it would amount to $62 50 per acre, and I do not hesitate in saying that the amounts may ba doubled. I would urge upon the farm ers of tha Western country to try it. You will not only save, but make money by the ooeration. I am well convinced that in 1&60 the Soulhern planter will hare no aale tor his sugar in the State of Uli uois. From present indications there will be 100 acres raised in Wabash coun ty next year, which will save the county tlO.000. The lima to commence work ingthe cane is when the seeds have chan gedfrom green to a dark red hue, although it will remain good until fairly matured. Should any person wish to make the experiment. I have soma seed to spare oue quart will planten acre. j . avako it. McClearey's Bluff. Wabash Co., Ill, The .llcssne. Scarce a voice ia heard iu favor of tha Message. Even Southern Democrata ace i chary in approving its tone, or defending its conclusions. As for the A'arienai Intelligencer, it condems it as strongly as ever it condemed meanness or injus tice in any official. It says: ' Whatever repugnance may be felt in the free States, norih and west, to slave ry in the abstract or in its practical ex tension north of the line prescribed to it by the legislative act of 1821, we hare too high an opinion of tbe general respect felt in those States for the Constitution and its compromises, nnd for the inde feasible righta of the Southern States, to give credence to the sweeping charge of the President. It is as unjust, we think, to attribute to them any such sentiment i " '"m " l "np or purpose a it would be to impute to tbe i patriotic p?onle ol t.le South a desire to slavery in the Slates, but avow rher read- inss to shoulder their muskets to defend 1 .1 1 a - B aaa a . . mo me people 01 me aouth, if need be, in maintaining their authority at home, We are not extenuating the extravagan cies of fanatics in the North or th West; but, wiih all deference to tbe President, we must say that he has gönn to far la imputing revolutionary seniimenta or de signs to se large e portion ol the people of the Free States. It is not to be won dered at, perhapi, that the President should feel warmly and apeak strongly on a subject in which his own official course has been an severely condemed; bot when tha angry contentions of tha day Shall hare subsided lhe ucharitablenees of many present views will be rectified, and among them the one advanced in the Message from which we now feel con atrained in Justice to dissent, and on which we will tar no more. We will only add that we ahould be happy to aae the day when neiiher the word slavery nor any allusion to tbe institution will find a pi see in the Presidents Message to Congress." rgy A worthy minister, noted for his wit, on being asked what kind of per son the wife of Dr. was, reelied. "! will give you her grammatical 'cber. acter. She is a noun Tiibatantiva aaan felt and heard." COT Happineaa Is like a pig with a graaey tail, whfek every ose runs efter. but nobody can bold.