MARSHALL COUNTY REPUBLICAN.
51 National Ucpublian Newspaper. Beuoteo to Constitutional Cibettn, Union, anö euern true Jntcrcat of trje onntrn.
PLYMOTUH, INDIANA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 35, 185C.
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.cn additional insertion, ... 23
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Lfl advertisements must be cash in ad
vance or aocf-ped security. Advertisements,
time If marWed will be inserted till forbid
den, and charged at me above rates.
Bl 81 Si ESS CAR 06,
FLASKS &C ,
F.wuted on the sho:test notice and ia the
Blan Deed?, Mortgages, No-e. Snhpcenaes,
Executions, and all kinds of Blanks kept on
hand and :or sal-. -
aaxH.-r u stairs in the old rivmoutb Motel.
ARSHACt COUNTY I BMOORAT, A-
m n u TV II ...1.1 laaaaaa at
.,.p;i..l .ilaii t'. .IK U ili-l ('"
I H.Mafl PALMER, Dealer in Dry GockIs,
3 ota Shies, tlaidware, Queensware,
:eries, and Hats & Caps.
JCi OQORNE .Vttoroey & CouneT-
lor at Law. Office up stairs over Palm
era Store, Plymouth, Ind. ,
DTJ W " BSNMBTT S office t his resi-U-nee
three doors north of Edwards'
otel, on Michigan street.
B"5üRE4. EVANS, Dealers in Dry Goods
Groceries, Crockery and Ready made
Slothing; corner Laprte Mich, street-.
iioWNLEE CO. Dealers in Dry
" GoJs, Boots Sho, Ready made
Clothing. Hardware A Cutlery.
DR. 7. . LEMON, Practicing Physician,
ami dealer in Dms .Med.c.nes, Oils,
Paini A Groceries, east s.de Mich.ganjtreet.
AVINEDG.:. Dealer in Fore:gn and Do
. mestic Groceries and Provisions east
side Mihnan strret. ,
W- L. PIATT, Chair Cabinet maker.
. and ündeTtaaer. Farniture room in
n i room of the old Plymouth Hotel-
rSELYON, Minufacturer and deaie
; --..Ts Jt Shoes, and Shoe Filings,
wast siue .Wichi?an street.
GS.CLEAVELAND Wholesale and re
. tail dealer in Try Goods. Hardware and
(rxicerirs, new buildiag north side Lanorte st.
TtxT H. OLESBLE & Co. Dealars in Dry
lN . Coo Is Groceries Hardware, Boots and
r ' ryjjajhnc Storo. ,
JL WESrtv&VELT Ä Co. Dealers i.
Dfc)-Goods Groceries, Hardware. Boots
a how. Rea ly made Ckrthin A c.
FKIIHQ .V I rtOMPSON, W holesale and
Retail dealer in Droge Sa dicing Oils,
P a l a,taVHasa Glassware, a ni Groteries.
BRÖWN 5l BAXTEitManuract irersof Tin
Sheet Iron and Copperware, aad dealers
a -1 v i. v'i i i-i
in Stoves sign oi nn suuV
H. REEVS, Atty. at Law. Collections
punctually attended to iu onnesn i
Lands lor sale clieap.
MW SMITH, Justice oi tne peace, w,
. attend to business in the Circuit and
C im. Pleas court. Over the Post office-
Vt SM'L. HIC.G1NB Tri M, Physician
J in Rurjeon. Office at hisresidence on
tae east side of Mir higsn street.
T1)HNCOUOLB, Keeps a general aJreort
mentef Dry Goo Is, Groceries, Vegetables
and Meats of all kit. Ja. Cox. Ganoi Mich, a .s.
DH J D GRAY. Eclectic Physician, will
attend to calls day or night. Office four
doors north of a H. Reeve s residence.
xr.nr, Piri?e Sl Plow
&L.i'i i v.u. o-
r-,..ar at their new stand at the
south ead of the Bridge, Michigan street-
it. Dito .1. r ut.-"-" -o -
' -i . m 11 rails in his
, , . . l - v- u . ; fi! Sur.' on.
mm Will Q:.JlUjLIJ hu '
nVofessionT Office athis residence. south Plym.
a TfVic.PH. Cabinet Maker and Uu-
. dertaker, Sonth Ptyreouth.
Di CHAS. WBSP, ücitctie rnaciiu,
Offije at hs reiideuce. east side M;chi-
PA! LOR, Cabmet Maker an J underta
ker, corner uenier at watmngiuii
TDWARDS' HOTEL, Wm. C. 5dwai Ii Pro-
I J prietor, corneroi aUicniga.un.au .uiufc
l . atreets.
AK BRIGGS, IL.rse Shoeing and
Blacksmdhineof all kinds dona toorder.
Si-p sontt east of Edwards' Hotel.
M&R1C AN H USE, C P. Cherry i Son
MR. PRTftSK CO., De-ilersln Family
, Gro-:eries. .' revisions, Coulacuouariet
ik t South PlymontP.
ebd f t
E' RICK & LAMS lN. Ilm, Sign, and
:n,un .- -
Irn.m.ulxl P lltllTJl. Shu
the B. ider, Plyraouth, Ind.
fXi'dE Trw Scarce of Health in the Fe
x male Co a
ution. Jast receivea ana mr
;fllNG it THOMPSON.
taf. 7, 1856.
. W. AXTELL, Prwfrkaor,
' LAPORTE. INDIANA.
DOTY8 W OW E L ,
62, Randolph St.
T.JMTY, - - lropHrtor.
.'CT ALL LAMPS, for i
Earth has ner angels, though their forms
But of such clay as fashions all below.
Though hatps are wanted, and bright pinions
We know them by the love-Ii4ht of their
f have seen angels by the sick one's pillow:
Theirs was the soft voice and noiseless
When smitten hearts were drooping like the
Tbey stood between the weeep'ng and the
And if mv sight, by earthly dimness hindered,
Beheld no hovering; seraphs in the air,
I doubted not; forspi its know their kindred
They smiled upon the wingless watchers
There have been at gels in the gloomy pis
In crbwdel halls by the lone widow's
And where they passed the fallen have op-
The giddy paused the mourner's
had ! rib.
Oh, many a spirit walks the world unheeded.
That when itsveilof sadness is laid dawn,
Shall soar aloft, with pinions unimpeded.
And wear iis L'lorv lika a inrrv rrntvni
0 j - mt- J w a.
i iir tSr-i-.ihlir.aia ta4fcltion or
Wat.inSton to Ha Republican
or the I is i tetl States. 1
The Presidential coutest is over, and
at last we have some materials to enable,
us to form a judgeaneut of tha results. j
Seldom have two partios emerged from I
a conflict with less of joy to the Tictors '
more of hope to the vanquished. The (
Pro Slavery nartv has elected its Presi- i
deniial csndidate, only, however, by the'
votes of ve minority, and that of such a
character as to stamp the victory as the
offspring of aoctionalism and temporary
causes. The Republicans, however, able
to prr sent clearly to the public the real
issurs of the canvsss Slavery Extension
or Slavery Restriction have carried the
IVople wit) them by unprecedented ma
j .rities almost breaking up in s- tne
States the organization of their adver
saries. A sndden gathering together of
ihe r.erple alarmed at the inroads of the I
! .v8 Puwm. r.iher th.n a well orgaoi j
zed party, with but a f?w months to at
tend to the complicated details of pnrty
warfare, obstructed by a secret Order,
which bad nre-occunied the Geld, and
obtained a stronghold of tbe national aad I
religious prejudices of the masses; oppo
sed to an old party, commencing thacan-
viss with the united support of a pow
erful section, hardrnsd by long party
'fill, accustomed to victory, and wield
ing the whole power of ihe Federal Ad
ministration a party which only four
yjars ago carried all but four of tha
Slates, and a majority of ihe popular
vote stiil, uui'er uil these advert cir-
cumstnnces. they hare triumphed in elf -
ven. if not twelve, of the Free Sta tes
n -min-nt for enternrise aYid c-ntral
: a ...j uir
f- -r o
uieuageu,. .uu c..n... ...
the white popawavion of lhe country ;g,v,
en to their Presidential candidate near-;
. n -a, aal
ly three times ns many electoral votes as
... Wh; nn ., 16.1S9
... 1 t .1 r r !;. aio I., ennne vvihrmt ,mUr i ua prear ii i conu iiiou una luiuic piu- ciiesinui wrnuer Biicirn'iv a-wwn in
anil this da v con tro the Govern men s of . taeir votes in response, t mout emoar-, r .
ww uns (.8J (.ui.hu. uu . r . Defeat of his party, to be followed, 1 ti a nee wa? very ditfeienl fiom the pre
fourteen of the moat powerful Statea of , raasmmt. without restraint of ax.y kind. )OStliul,t by junioUi WOUld seeru lo be ' sent growth, lt was strong and durable,
the Union. ! nineteen twe?nuetha of the people of the sufficient to disturb bis equanimity. j and lasted, as raftere, 500 years; no in
Well may our adversaries tremble in Free States rind perhaps more then half ISul yesterday be received information of sect preyed upon it. It fa said that
the hour uf their victory. "The Dmo-of ihe people of the Slave Sta tee. woulJ the business to be 'laid before ihu South-, oaks, too, in the middle ages were ea
. . . . mm. - at S-v.-. hj.. h and lnct irom Ii- ilniVipiit frnrn thnsA nt tili n-r.
: A i-l. P.-nklin "
r rät 1 r ni 1 iii.il a tar huuiiluu i t w a .
. ' , '
they say "are nearly baianceo in regara
The former was victorious
. 1- u... - ...ia ih. .T.n.inn ..r.Wv JA.iro.ia ih.t
III IUC IfLCUl 9U -b6 U r W v ; 00 "a
hardlv" won. with lha aid of important
.fMntal adriatgcni The latter hr.s
acx. dentai aavantagea. i ne lawei
abated nothing of its seal, and baasjfler-
eJ no pauae iu its preparations for anoth-1
Wiih such numerical force, such zeal.
intelligence and harmony in counsel; .
wiih so many great States, snd mere than
a million voters rallied to their standard 1
by the efforts of a few months, why may j
not the Republicana confidently e a pect i
victory in the neit contest?
The necessity for their organization
Stilt eiiätl in all its ferce. Mr. Buch
anan has always proved tree to the de.
msnds uf bis .party. He fully accepted
the Cincinnwti platform, and pledged
himself to its policy of fillibustering a -
broad and slave propagandism at home.
Prominent and controlling emong wis
supporters ere men commit teal,, by word
and deed; to that policy, and wbat is
therein his Character, his antecedents,
tlTe nature of his Northern support, to
authorize the expectation that he will
diaregard their will' Nothing will be so
likely to reatxain baas and counteract
theiff eatreme meaawes, ae a vigorous and
growing Republican Oroniaatfcn, as
nothing would be mere necessary i..fiia
. . j it
tha cms of Freedom and the Union,
should he, as we have every reason to
believa, continue the Pro Slavety policy
of the present incumbent. Let ua be-
mm . ( fVil.tiiin nm urn-3 r rl trat tins In
II C U IUIUIUS Ul lim um w
sea what he will do. We know the am
bttion, the necessities, ine schemes oi tne
Slave Power. Ii? policy of extension
nnd aggrandizement aud universal empire,
. . "
... . . . , a r
is the Ia.T ol its bom, not an accident
is settled, not fluctuating covert
open, moJerate or extreme, according to gatchy of s ave-holders and slavery prop
circumstances, it never changes its spirit pagandists. governed by Wise, Atchison,
or aim. With Mr. Bjchanan, the ale et Soule. end Walker, founded in fraud and
aafa .--ii i v.. il:. . mii vinl. -nrc and aeekinT affra nd ize man t bv
v,. - p-.., i-
ministering the Government, the safety
of th c ouir.rv, an 1 of frao institutions
must rest in the organizilion of the Re
What, then, ia the duty bofore us?
Organization, rigiirtnee, action, action on
the rostrum, through the prss, at th-
ballot box. in Stale, c mn'.y, city, end
town electiuiu; evory where, at all times.
in every election, making Republicanism,
or loval'y to the policv or principles of
its a I vocates the sole political lest. No
primary or municipal election should be
suffered to go by default. The party
. V. ........ ' I IV..: I I - -
i..av uu.u uterru auunoiiy, must in-
uinj'.i in iiic kj.t .ra iiiu iiiuuipii in oiu;
elections must be prepared by municipal
N xt to retaiuine power in the States
lreadr under the control, let the RPuV
'icans devo'e themselves to the work of
disseminating their principles nud imita-
ting the true course of political action in
the States which have
derided thü l,r.
tion against them. This time we failed
for reasons, nearly all of which may be
'era ived by proper effort. Many thous
and honest, but not well informed voters,
who supported Mr. Buchanan under the
delusive impression that hfc would hror
.a - arsa a,
the cause or free Kansas, will soon learn
their mistake, and be anxious tie correct
't. Th tim id nnllrv nf in R-nuhl icins
mi New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Indi
ana in postponing their independent ac
tion, and temporizing with a party go:
up fur purposes not in harmony with
therown, the conduat of Mr. F.il!morea
,. . . , .f .
friends, in either voting for Mr. liu.han-i..
an or dividing the opposition by a fi,f r"
ate ricket, can hardly be repeated g-in,
The true course of the Republican ia.
toorg-vnize promptly, boldly, and honest
, B . . . , ,
ly npon their own principles so clearly
set forth in the Philadelphia Platform
and avoiding co.litions with other
Pariiea, appeal directly to the masses of,
P.riiPQ to iot.ntf all oririnizilinna
and isaues which would divert the Puo-
lie Mind from the one danger that now
threatens the honor and stability of ihr
Union, Slavery Propagandist!) allied wiih
Let us not forget that it is not the
want of generous sentiments, but ofsuf
ficicnt information, that prevents the ! o that he will not be iu ihe way of any
American people from being united iai ,. , .... , f
1 ' ' T:i dtflrtrnlfo ia m tne attitude of nfir
! action egainat the aggressive policy of the
j Slave power. Were those simple ques
! lions submitted to day to the People of
I . - .
th. U.,iid Stains- Are vou in f.ivor of
the ex. ension of slavery-Are 30110,
'avor of fuch extension by the aid or
m. . mtl. B. Ja t äaV av Y 1 af A. . aa .
connivnnce o! ;ne reuerat uovernment'
in coul.l thev be re r .111 1 V: 6 I o recoreT
return a drrided neirativfl tn both.
, . u c .w. I.
' ua o. a.iu ... imm reupir, ei
us believe that at heart tney are hostile
territories or the Lniou be confers-
j . 1? r t ,n .... ..
ted to Free Labor and Free institutions
.and that they requires only eulightment
to the most effrctual njeans of secu-
! ring this end, to convert their cber-
ished Kolimenl tuto a find priociule of
Tbe times are pregnant with warning,
That a Disunion Party exists in ihe South
no loiger admitt of a doubt It accepts
tbe erection of Mr. Buchanan as afford
ing time and means to consolidate its
strength and mature its plans, which will
comprehend not only the enslavement of
K.nsas, and tha reconitori of all slave-
ry in all territory of the United State?,
uui nie .ugicniuii ui tu lunn Ulli Ul
tCaaifrrnie into a Slave State, the organ-
ixailon of a new Slave Territory in she
Gadsden purchase, tbe future annexation
of Nicaragua and subjugatiou of Cectral
America and tha acajisition of Cuba;
and, as the Free Statee are aot expected
te submit to ell this, ultimate niacin bar
meat of the Uniou end the formation of
e great Slave-holding Confederacy, with
foreign alliances with Brazil and Russia.
It may assume at firet a moderate tone,
10 Brevem sudden alienation of ite North
ern alias; it may delay the devrlopement
nf !t nlnt a i t 1 id un Jer tbo Piprre Ad-
of .ts plot, as it did unJer the Pierce Ad
ministration; but the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise came at last and so
will come upon the country inevitably
the first acts of dark conspiracy. When
, a I
. . - I f m . lirt V., I,- a III I
ihn hour shall have corns, then will the
- .... .t ... t
i. a it. ....... .a .i, M ... . -n
nmit.v ycuiut.u u. ..i..
driven into our ranks, and the men of the
Slave States who prefer the Ropublic of
L- a ,..-, t..-. ...w
vasningiou. auhihi, jbiiciiuii-i rrpuu-
r lie of law, order and liberty to an oli-
'V ' ? " '
the spoliation of nations, will bid Odd
speed to the labors to the Republican
Prtv to ncpserve Liberty and the Uuion.
one and inseperable, perpetual and all-
"--y I w
RtPUBLic.H Rooms, Washington, No
vember. 27. 56.
Flattering iNtimate or .fir. Bn
cZiauaii. One of the Lmcaster gossippers, who
hangs about the premises of the President
elect, eulightent the readers of & New
York contemporary by llio following es-
timate of Mr. Buchanan. We thiak the
1 . . a . . a
pjctura is over uravvu, out give it as we
i Sjme of your correspondents have come
Bnr i!i(. mirW in their nred.ctioiis of the
future, if I am any ja;lge.
f.. :r 1 . .. : .rl r .. II., , .,
5. i I . UUä I a 1 a l
iB linn w in tiprn.ns. aoovo n i outers.
a . . l , . i
possesses n zest for the tnjoyminf of the lf slflV0S may ba carried wherever no
ii I .,' . L - j:i.tlawr forbids it. tvhv mav Ihov tint ho
rfC5l:leiicy. lie is lunu oi me uispiay
of official dignity: loves gay society and brou&h! horn Africa, if a white man hap
fiue appearances; is cheered by the pres Pens l. b,,J " fcw .n thc Guinea coast?
i i i:i
"nee Ol women niiee inen tuqunriei,
. . . .
! . . . V f
their blandishmehts, ond their lascina-
Whoever wins Miss
! Lne i heart will
have his a double
(prize, worth contending for. He is food
i a good dinner, good wine, good whist
and bon mot. Hiving robust health,
Tii.ii,t laarnintrrinil ma Iure kl.i trsm n
Bhj lhe hQnQn of tha c,jief Execu;ivt
I.- racefullf worn by him. And
J thus he would pass his term, if poasi
But with all the experienca of the
President elect, his familiarity with teg
islation. with treaties, and with the de
tails of the Departments in every
of the aervice, it is to be douhti
j rautn "nctner uta rrpoaa at vvneetland
is to be exchanged for a bed of roses.
... ., " -. . ..
t his trouu.es will not come in l.ie lorna
1 of the annoyancea generally predicted.
Your pertinacious cliques of pwou.ge
epecu'etota in New York will not err
, " -
i character, his action will be summary,
; ephll,c aml fintl Tne partisans w h
J design npproaching him with peremptory
deaaet.ds, w i'l ba) awed in his presence.
I. V . , l. ,nliirlili nl lhal
e s tho lecully ol suDduiog interior
... inIa aa aa n.il 1 aa a a I vat Mino In 1 1 i r f 9
I " j o r
aniK: and therättS UOt 11 is II V oLlhe latter
jn ,,, H.-nce, il ia Üle to suppose
t,lia; (j jl. Forney tan iuflueoce him iu
the seleciiou of his Otbiuet, or in fram-
: . v. ...... r I. ; . j -:
nit ur mintuic.ui .I'liiiiui.tijuuii.
u6. 1. 1 r- 1 v .. a
ei uecu on v obedience. lie talks lo him
' d ,alim-n doea to junior
...i :.r ii ;m .i.i. r,a.
a ii a an iiiirnur. no 1.1 humui ,w. mi.i,
tjeg aQd t, e dinger m-u,cig the U.no,,.
' TUe maiu principle of the pariy which
elected him, the right to extestd Slavery
1a - a- . 1 t
into territory now nee. cannot ne a oau
doned or modified. Aud having ote al-
iQCcecded lhe Repuii.icanTartv,
wll tn irre,,reMible eagerness ana an
. - - . at a 1
nudoutfting purpose, are already prpar-
ma lor tne secoiiu eucounier
f u lure
. .a. a s . ari s .
nignt ne was grave aua mougnuui. u
seems Uial lhe s mtbern States are going
to try experiments 011 a limited soule be-
' f,.rA n'.moinfr head and enr3 into diau-
I 7 O O
kRu 'u "f w
tt first but keep near the shore, and see
. . . r
how thy can bear the temperature, &c.
Without rupturing their Federal rela-
tions, it eec.o they bate a project of non
' mtercoorse, gradual and prospective.
i l" Bhof, lUr' nave., h lf"5 10 rc,
Unha that thev will beam at once and
j live and act aa nearly as posaible as if
j tney were already separated; or rather as
! if .he North did not exist. They are to be
economical, wear their old clothes, im
port directly, end tell their eolton at
home for specie! Thev ate Roing to do
Something of that aort. Tbey will lake
: a miociua taste of disunion first, 10 see
'how it will digest, and what effect til
j fill have on the North. ,
, BTBSw 9aaavt3 m a aavi
's; tic Slave Traetc
The Sentintl denies that any leading
organ of lhe Democratic party hae advo-
cted the'reotnine of the slave trade,
and rates us roundly for asserting it, It
When the Journal, therefore, speaks
TOfa doctrine that was too preposterous
for serious mention two years ego, liar
tog become so popular that the leading
organs of the Democratic party of the
3 J :. i, la. f k.
country auvocaia ., i ipnai ui i
which ddes not exist; and tbe editor j
shows extreme ignorance or audacitjt in
risking the aaeertion. Wilt he name a
few of those deeding organs,' Just by the
way of showing the extent of Ins knowl-
dg of a fac t of which he speaks with so
confWpQe M flipncjr
-A will name f everal. The New
Orleans Delta, the organ of Jeff. D vis
and Genl. Quitman both goud Democrats,
Cabinet officer, and the other pro-
i iitiKr fill m I i ri 1,1 a c'v
. - - ' . . .
crane paper, tlie Uincmnlti inquirer is
- - '
;0)() The Charleston .Vcrcury, the or-
gnn 0f Andrew P. Butler, is another.
The Carolin Time, the South Bide
Dtocrat. and the R.chmnn.l P-wttiHtr.
- - -- -
though this last aas it was 4 in f'1".
when it urged the flare irirla rk.,n .
All of these are Prominent and
, ' i
-independent.-if they choose, but tha t
live auonorters of tha Dumnrr.ii,
The editor of nn nf n,
i - - - - -ww w aa'vwv r I ' v ' ay w w u
I the Democratic candidate for, Clerk of the
Mouse last winter, and the editor ofan -
other was Secretary of the Cincinalti
Convention. Besides these, we hivo seen
extracts from a number of professed Dem
Mmrt.n f 1 1 , . i - :
wwn pjpf n. vi nine uuic, iu irpu.i
and Suu.fi Carolina, fdvoring the
trade, bu; we have forgotten their
But it is a matter of little consequence
whether these papers ne technical) Dem
ocratic organs or net. They represent
that feeling which controls the course of
j lh(, Soinh flnd thul (he mocalic
party. I; is but a short step, and logi-
!va,,7 iivaaaiy cur, iu lue Biuve liaue,
,rom e doctrine of the Democratic par
l7 ll3B1 Slave noK-ers nave the sme
ntit to take their niggers to a territory
that a free man has to take his horse,''
i lie ri?ni in nr na nie nrnnertv bnmo iE
o - -- - --.-r.-, -
nmi, . k ...ki i. i.l. :.
- 6" wm
Home to a place wnere tnere is no law on
the subject. The Darmcratic party made
no greater change from iho policy of 1S43.
when they passed the Nebraska ftsll, than
. V. : 1 1 i a . i . f .
i 1"T W,M ",,en u'eJ step irom me
Nebraska Bill to the Slave Trade Lid.
From Life Il'ustratrd.
AMERIfiX FiUHLR'S 1NNHTLTE CLIP.
j Weekly meetings held every Tuesday
in ltu'ciucR. it tAe rooms 3bl Broad -
way. New York. '
Tuesday, Dec 2. Judge Livingston in ;
the Chair. The Secretary. Judge Meua '
read a variety of interesting papers; ono'
of which was from an essay prepared by a
la4. nf f'nrV . ht,. I ciM,. I
j v s wavt upvil a i.v. j l oil
worms that produce three crops of silk a
j car-'.hat is threeliatchings of worms.
all supported Mr. Buchanan as faithfully ! 6aVfQ 1 ,,'e0, 8,1 10 WBrcB " wis ap
end far more efficiently, than did the i P,ied while a!l 1the" d,,eri- B' "PP''
.SVufini-Z. Thev mnv 'rail kAmi.a.. ' ,nß certain fertilizers I h&ve produced
Roses -Experiments. A Freren barkauJ lcag the bodies smooth,
gardner has succeeded in prodacng, T m tion from mr. Bergen, of
blua Kiel. An eiptriment has been Wa1, lhe PfljifMOr said U.tre was
tnea öpon 415 varieties of potatoes w.th- uq j b,ow gj
out any important result. A statement ( he Uf yt Uule , vhen be sel U)ern
that we , ndorse says that no impSitant ouf and uimed them a fa; as they grew
production of any crop can be ol-Uin di. , ..n,
r . . , , a . , , 'into a pyramidical form. As to talk ot
wit hout deep culture, and the harder the , 1 ,u ;, ; aU nr.
" rr , rc I Ar b mfl he ninrknt lt IS Rli ll'.OOn.
suit the deeper the cultivation needed.
a uo jjuuuuii .1 i i.e 1. u 111 bis nave
1 -T.1.J u... a .... ....
!u ru ,
l known to iho luoaouanls of Ruma 1.200
1 years seo. Roses ere numerously us.-d
I .u-. n f " ....
iu mal uc u 'ua an uv . -;siuus, iioiu uiuiii
to dea th.
w - -
An experiment tried, nroves that prain
can be cut in France by hand at abdoi
r - m w
the same puce as ny machines. I'erhnps
.a a - aa
the same mav on said of anv ro.in . r
where labor is chawp.
m -e ay.
Weight of Wheat
Ptlf BtHElf IN
I Scotland. The Highest grown in 1855
was 56 pounds, etid heaviest 64 pounes,
The average weight of wheat in Scotland
I . . . .a....
is 60 lbs. per imperial bushel.
AnCIEST CUEST.NUT TlMBER.
Am. 1 vir, a aa ac w 1 a 1 aaarbsii a, 1 1 '
1 . a
Orchards Thr Best Mode or Plast
me and Preserving. The Secretary
.k.. f ty.
uwv.aa. easaa ive taau aa .a-aw - j f
UaV-VI lUU9tlvu vs liio uu j 11 iu aaaa a v vw
4 1 uiartinn r f lha rtb h-afl rriv oA
and a considerable audience being present,
he hoped some of them had something to
offer upon this very important subject.
The chairman called on Solon R Vin
son, who stated that he had nothing to
offer but wbat was well known to all pre
sent that is, that fruit is at present
very scarce and high, and he feared the
caoae of it ws a general malady affect
ing all fruit treea. It is well known that
tbe Baldwin apple ia failing, and perhaps
going out ol existence in the land of its
origin, r loriaa once proauoara as nnr
oiaua-.5 as ever grew in any part of the
; WOrld, and in extravagant abundance;
bat a little mite of an infect is destroy
j,,g the trees from the lace of the earth,
Here at war own door, m New Jersey,
i 5 i.u k iiuw iuc vOi.ii h 1 o .aii-
j iug, and eveiy.erhese the epples are less
fair and rich, and treea less productive
thai formerly. Vow, if there ia a rem
lady within tbe reach of man's power, we
ought to search for it aad apply it.
f laa4 we ought to think, and if there is
uy thing that we can do to snake those
who plaut trees and grow fruit think up
on thia'aubject, we should do it earnest
ly. Upon the subject of planting treee
there does appear to be an excess of tg-
norance or want of thought, among farm
ere. The common naetaoa ia to eig a tit
tle hole into a hard eoil, and stick in a
clump of a trae with e few club roots,
mmm. . a ft ... St aa
nd pound down the d rt wuh a miul.
and then let the ground grow up to grist,
and expect the tree to grow and produce
fr"'t- Now I hav in my nun I a gentle -
man wI)o, by a careful preparation of the
I a aa-.. 1 .J A ! 1 . 1 -
j ' special manuring oi uja eva,
has produced benhhy wood and abundant
' C,0P ot frnit at his option; and. at tbe
i.i.t f,.,;. i... i... c,A haf.,
: 1 1 i .a -a -
1 1:1 a8K inal genenan to tavor ua
wilh 8ome mrks upon this Subject,
Prof. Mape8--1 have-experimented ten
ear9- uil i have found that I can make
pear trees grow wood or produce fruit.
I3y the uee of a fertilizer applied to a
,a3?c car? of "nd
: 1 ... F , a. , I
very large crops of pears year after year.
pear trees this year averaged
290 large pears per year. In putting out
Pear tree 1 l0P iUem severely. 1
' "c p,ow7 "
c:hl I I in fliiir a rin'i (.fir not i Unn
i ,V " , 1.. , '
i and four fef 1 Wlde and fiue( 11 ?lih 6ur
! i!' 1 lhen 'ed w 'la1a ,fo0t a"ßUr
: SUU d9ePCr thaU 1 dU the holei' 1 8el
.' ' v trees from lour to six inches fallow
the joining of the pear with the quince
root. I trim into a pyramid ical shape.
To prevent winter blight I take away the
malch and earth in the fall to check the
growth before winter In ihe summer 1
keep all khe trees mulched to keep the
soil moist and of an even temperature.
j 1 take soluble humas an i potash to make
wood, but I do not do that to make fruit.
For that I render phosphate, of lime sol
uble by an excea of sulphuric acid, ami
apply in spring. Guano ehould nsver
be applied in spring, or summer; it may
be iu the fail. I always apply potash
a f is r the phosphate, b me of my pear
treea this year, that do not occupy over
euht feet of ground, brought me 200 shil
lings. I sold all my crop at 81 to 81,50
a dozn, My rows stand twenty feet n
part, and I cultivate between, but I nev
er uee any barn yard manure that will
always injure the trees. The surface
must always be kept in a pulverienl ataie,
I would adjise to set dwarf tress 8 feel
apart both ways, where the laud is not
to be tilled. Great care must be taken
i in pler.ting trees that is all important
i so ia the soil. The fame of Newark
cider ia world-wide. It comes from the
iitwrison anl Ciuüeld applo-s, grown up
! on a certain locality. The juice is very
rich, and not inclined to run into vine
gar. The fruit of this district is po3
' ,wd of tt pe-u!ir fl
i orc!lu,,:i8 are 11)0 yei
ivor. Some of the
years o.d, but tbe pro-
1 16 111,5 generany very uKngtui aoout
7 rohrd, rv.u.r. u is oe
causo lhe 0,d lree do 001 C0Ql,nue tü
bear we!i- Tv:,ich ia üW"S 1 a "at ?
hm n the soil. Tbe only raL
uati wash for fruit trees is a saturaetd
solution of soda. Take sai soda and heat
lt, ftd hot- eili dt ö? p.oua(1
1 .n m. m- A itmrh if I 111 a- m m f ' T w 13 i An r
V t . n I ' ma. ...'j " -
The confectioners windows are
, ,, , , . .r, .
of French peare, at 50 cents apiece
' A pear from California on tha table,
i F . . . .....
' w,8n8 two, foaa n0 maller wh.at 118
qaauiy, wouiu u m auj Huau.n -v
im I uc
tyboleale at 66 a dozen. This pear is
i Mi inches in circumference by 19 inches
bJ of ihe 8tem
The kind in not
Br it i II 1 B fl äW l.y i". 1 l.lirWITl III J 1 I r H
i rr i t TT i : : . .r c
! me '. ent31ieu anutuer pear, sepposeu
to be of the common ' pound pear spa- overthrow the Government because one
cies, that grew upon a graft on a Calalor- j or two newspapers and a few monoma
nia stock at S in Joss, that weighed 2 lbs. nines in a pnticular loeallity rail against
13 oz. and measured 14 fro und ths bulge. the union oa lee States and advocate its
end 211 inches around by way oi the j dissolution. There are doubtless causes
stem, by actual measurement to uay of complaint, not II of ihem imaginary,
These pears are looked u pop. by all pres-. both North and South, but we have too
ent as some of the most remarkable spec-: much faith in the general loyalty of both
imens ever seen here; yet Mr. Corwin sections to admit the justice of the Pres
says they are not uncommon productions! ident's allegation. In the most violent
in ihait remarks b'.e State. debates of thela-U session we heard North-
The price of apples, in this market, em S-mtors, distinguished for their ax
is higher now than for years at this 6eason trees' opinions on the Kansas question,
of the year. The. Maine Farmer reports not only pubiicaily repndiate tbe reino
itut the app'e crop of that State, in com- ( test wish or intention to interfere with
mo with that of oth?r Statss, is very'
light, and good apples fetch a high price.
- tad S -m B I I
! Here, in Sic w x or. ..nLB u nas ucen ns
I , a f f U f a . g chnrf TFOH olfin
I oles, not only at the Wc?t. but in the
V.OI milieu l
Eastern States, and throughout the coun
try generally, the price of this fruit is
enormously high. Greenings retail at
t5 per barrel; Rutwets at f5. etc.
Respecting apples which have been ex
ported, the accounts are favorable. In
stead of the total export between some
3.O00 or 10,000 barrels, aa estimated ear
ly in the season, the amount will prob
ably be near 20,000 Thus, we seud ap
ples to England, and bring pears from
France. We hopejfarmers will increase
their orchards, and produce a full supply
From tbe GraysviUe Herald.
Tbe Chinese Sugar Cane iu South
Being ttqueated by many to publish a
statement, through lhe columns of your
paper of my experience with, end value
of the Chinese Sugar Cane, I therefore
send you tbe following statement, which
you will plraae insert.
Oo the 25th of May I planted about
half an acre of ground, one year old. A j
portion of tha soil was low and wet in
the spring, in fact' I covered the seed
with mud, the other part was bigh aud
sandy; the consequence was whea the
dry season set in tbe wet part baked very
hard, end Uta bigh burnt up for want of
rain, I plowed it whan about tan inches
higli, and that was .11 the workiag it got
I with the exee ptien of a slight hoeing
I previou3 to plowing; my object to
1 Ascertain the amount of saccharine mat
ter contnined in the stalks, end supposed
! a t a a . a
i enougn wouiü grow to mace tne expert-
rnrnt. Many of the stalks graw from
sixteen to twenty feet high, (in tha loi
i: - iataiil
, jjrouiiu n gie unit iwrnc icc. j
ins made a mill on which to grind it, I
commenced on the 24th of September.
The cane had tbeu received two or three
frosts, which slightly injured the taste
of ihe water. 1 am convinced that the
amount oi stalks I used can be grown
from a'quarler of an acre. The amount
of water obtained from the piece wai
270 gallons, from which I made forty five
gallons, which in flavor and bright red
color, is far superior to any molasses ob
tained from the South. I did not try to
grain any of it aa it will not grain after
being frosted, but I am convinced there
will bo no difficulty in graining it if
tried previous to frost. If it is planted
by the middle of May it will ripee by the
end of August, nnd remain in good con
riition until frost, and if cut up and put
in sheds (in apprehension of frost) it will
keep well for a month or more.
I will give a b. element of what may be
made per acre, judging from the amount
of water obtained from each stalk. One
of my neighbors, Mr. A. Dagan obtained
from seven choice stalks one gallon of
water, and in aooiher trial made by Mr.
McCiei t , sen., and myself, we pressed
from ten stalks one gallon and" a quart.
The number of stalks iu a bill ahould be
from four to six. In my calculations I
only estimate ona quart ol water to the
hill, allowing sixteen hills per square
rod. which will make 2,560 hills to the
acre, and this, at one quart per bill, will
mike 640 gallons of wniar to tha acre,
which will make 1 10 gallons of mo la see.
Valued at 75 els per gallon, it would
amount to $62 50 per acre, and I do not
hesitate in saying that the amounts may
ba doubled. I would urge upon the farm
ers of tha Western country to try it. You
will not only save, but make money by
the ooeration. I am well convinced that
in 1&60 the Soulhern planter will hare
no aale tor his sugar in the State of Uli
uois. From present indications there
will be 100 acres raised in Wabash coun
ty next year, which will save the county
tlO.000. The lima to commence work
ingthe cane is when the seeds have chan
gedfrom green to a dark red hue, although
it will remain good until fairly matured.
Should any person wish to make the
experiment. I have soma seed to spare
oue quart will planten acre.
j . avako it.
McClearey's Bluff. Wabash Co., Ill,
Scarce a voice ia heard iu favor of tha
Message. Even Southern Democrata ace
i chary in approving its tone, or defending
its conclusions. As for the A'arienai
Intelligencer, it condems it as strongly
as ever it condemed meanness or injus
tice in any official. It says:
' Whatever repugnance may be felt in
the free States, norih and west, to slave
ry in the abstract or in its practical ex
tension north of the line prescribed to it
by the legislative act of 1821, we hare
too high an opinion of tbe general respect
felt in those States for the Constitution
and its compromises, nnd for the inde
feasible righta of the Southern States, to
give credence to the sweeping charge of
the President. It is as unjust, we think,
to attribute to them any such sentiment
i " '"m " l "np
or purpose a it would be to impute to tbe
i patriotic p?onle ol t.le South a desire to
slavery in the Slates, but avow rher read-
inss to shoulder their muskets to defend
1 .1 1 a - B aaa a . .
mo me people 01 me aouth, if need be, in
maintaining their authority at home,
We are not extenuating the extravagan
cies of fanatics in the North or th West;
but, wiih all deference to tbe President,
we must say that he has gönn to far la
imputing revolutionary seniimenta or de
signs to se large e portion ol the people
of the Free States. It is not to be won
dered at, perhapi, that the President
should feel warmly and apeak strongly on
a subject in which his own official course
has been an severely condemed; bot when
tha angry contentions of tha day Shall
hare subsided lhe ucharitablenees of
many present views will be rectified,
and among them the one advanced in the
Message from which we now feel con
atrained in Justice to dissent, and on
which we will tar no more. We will
only add that we ahould be happy to aae
the day when neiiher the word slavery
nor any allusion to tbe institution will
find a pi see in the Presidents Message to
rgy A worthy minister, noted for his
wit, on being asked what kind of per
son the wife of Dr. was, reelied.
"! will give you her grammatical 'cber.
acter. She is a noun Tiibatantiva aaan
felt and heard."
COT Happineaa Is like a pig with a
graaey tail, whfek every ose runs efter.
but nobody can bold.
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