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Marshall County Republican. (Plymouth, Ind.) 1856-1878, February 26, 1857, Image 1

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MARSHALL COUNTY REPUBLICAN.
SI National Ucpnblican Newspaper. Dcüoteö to Constitutional Cibtvtn, Union, anö mtn true interest of tlje Countrn.
I I Ü1.
PLYMOUTH, IiIArA, THURSDAY HORIV, FEBRUARY 26, 1857
VOL,. 1.1
IVO. 31.
K
r I
I Published every Thursday Moruin;,
BV I. JIATTIJM-LY.
If paid in ailvancr, - - - -After
(be expirauou of three months,
At the end ot' tV year, - - - -
$1 50
2 UU
2 50
TERMö F AuVt nl iSING:
Oae square tea linos or less,) three insertions,
or ls, one doiUr; each additional insertion under
tiuve month, tweay-five cents.
Bauness C trds, uot eacctiing five hues, insert -ed
twelve m mthd tor five dollar.
L mrr advertisem.-uu, by the year, inserted at
the custom iry rates.
Oj Michigan Street, over Pershing's
Dm,- Store.
- m a a a a i
hive a .M over two notwrea aouar worm
. i l- - I . . .-. ... .... ,.'t, . i puMAntlr ... 1 I i i 4
feel prepared to execute, on hart notice, all kind
PLAIN AND FANCY
Job Priming,
Either in Brotiie or Colors.
THOSE WANTING
Parn hlet. Bu iuess and
Hand Bid, Visiting Cards
Catalogues, B it iieads
Blanks of Every Dccrlilioii,
Will he furnUhcd on short notice, and at redn
7d nr.ee i. Tue patronage ol the public general
lv, is solicited.
Poetical.
t;ie prixteb.
Among the ranki of hum in k'n J.
Sora ff before, and some behind,
But m'nd them well, and you will find.
Not liinJin st U the Printer.
Tue lemons Traich you learned at seh k1,
That yu m'ght nH grow up a fool,
II M. all in scientific rule,
B?en .uilulied by the Priuter.
Haw do jwur Presidents and K'.ags
jveni so miny thousand thinrs '
'Ti i by the types, the screw aud springs,
13elonr?injr to tiie Priuter.
The farm r ad mcrh.tuic too,
Would sometimes scarce kiv.w what to do,
Could they not get a certain view
O" work done by tae Printer.
The doctor c.innot meet the crooks
Of ail hi eases, tiU he looks
Upm the p-iges of the books
Sallied him by the Pnnt5r.
Tlie lawyer for ar wit h vs pissed,
Bu: high a- lie hishe wl mtycist,
He w uld be but a dtmce at last.
Were it n : r the Piinter.
Who is it that so neatly lei's
Th various goodo tlie merchant sells,
lnvi-in all the beaux and belles?
Wiw is it bat the Printer?
The classes of the hitman ra.ee, 4.
OV diuVr-ut tfizc, ofdiAVreut fa e.
Appear in this and every place
II jvr obvious U) lite Printer.
On: lings the bass, one sharps and fiats,
Bedecked with pmi-ilooas and hat-,
Aud iong-t dled coats and mxth cr .rats,
Ot this cs& is the P. iniur-
T'ae other sing the treble sweet.
Adorned with trucks and bonnets neat,
Aal look! how beautcons aad complete,
And lovely to tke Printer.
Tis Hymen's will of course , you know.
Those classes sfcouM in couples go,
Aai since the world will have it so,
"3 j be it," says the Pmiter.
There's not a mm below the skies
W ao better ua Je .-stands to prize, m
Tm cuu-cii thtt grace a lady's eyes,
Tnan doewthis very Printer.
Young miidcns then, without debase,
'Tis hoped you'il luly estimate,
Before in fact it is too late,
The value of the Printer.
The Plow, Ike Kalte aal the Hoc.
A song for the golden past.
And the high old forest trees
A son for the curls of Issue's hair,
Out-Sooting on the farcesei
A song for the knightly halls of Spain,
. th their chivalry lon ago
11'. a song of sonr for the itfsscr's tools,
fiie Pw, the R dee and the H )c
shoot for the nacn of war !
' 1 torn the btooJ-red fiekl they cime;
I ay seek lor the work! to rse with awe
At th 2 sound of tue fife auddru a .'
II wk: how the rabble cheer,
.'hill and valley low
Well aeed them not, for our sen; shall be
U. W P.ow, the RAe and iieH .
Oh ! a fansVa the m ua of men!
Wis! siaoWi hit - cVWh ot r. j ;!,
Wh Eio(y s:e?ad a 3ih n j e,
Ailtiiut th it is m tde tj fee'.-l-Tj
fe-H ths bjua l'a,M o: yjf
Ail throb at the sight ot' woe,
ofasu On 5 a soag Jr the noble knight
Tu? Pm, tho Rdte at J the Hoe.
it forth thou son 0 toit,
Th earth like a brios's-svad gay,
h putting a carpet of veruuaj down.
Far the foot of ü3 blue eye J My
Caoss forth with a Uriah hanj,
Taj seed in the furrows sow
Wha we gaUyiem hi the chjerfn
Tae Plow, the R tke and the rl
TT A smile evoe the m st bright and beautiful
wh a tear uon it hu je fee dawn without the
dew. Toe sm Je is rendered by the te?r preeans
shore the susfls itself.
THE REPUBLICAN
miscellaneous.
3T The following interesting article on
Mormonism, we publish at the request of
an esteemed friend. Every body should
read it:
From the Boston Investigator.
Mr;. Euitqr: Thc challenge put forth
in voir last issue by the Mormon, Mr.
Bernard Snow, is hereby accepted. Mr.
Snow says:
"What I wish more particularly to speak
of, is, the impression very comnun in the
minds of the people at large, viz.: "That
the "Mormons" are living in open violation
of the laws of our country, an I bidding de
fiance to the powers of the United States!"
; Nothing can be more false than this. They
, evef ,. f j
I
a law-abi
ding people, anl I defy the; world to pro
duce the first instance where the Mormons
as a people have resisted th2 laws of our
country.
The italics are Mr. Snow's. Whcthorhe
be really honest in making this deüaiit
statement, or, whether he b no' la king in
information of Hie history of Mormonicm,
the reade must juh?e. 1 can prove the
Mormon lea lc; have held tha: they or
their sect were justly entitle 1 to the tempo
ral domin on of these United Stat-; an 1
that they are to gain it by tho swp4 if not
by pea -eable m in. Nay, more, 1 can
prove that the High Priest of Mormonim.
"Joseph Smith, Jr., Hiram Smith, Sidney
Bigdon," and about fifty other Mormons,
"were arraigned be I ore the Hon. Austin A.
King. Judge of the fifth judicial circuit in
the State of Missouri, at the Court House
in Richmon 1. in a criminal Court of Inqui
ry, began Nov. 12, 1 v:is. and charge I with
ths several crimes of hiyh treason against
the State, murder, hnryJury, arson, ro'iLery
and lar cny," and of which they uvre guilty,
according to the testimony OT a large num
ber of unimpeachable witnesses, mot ot
whom were or had been Mormons! Here
is the proof:
1. In th? Mormon Creel, entitled "Doc
trine and Covenants of the ChurA of the
Latter Day Saints, carefully seleete 1 and
compiled from the lievelation of lo hj&y
Joseph Smith. Jr., Oliver Cowdry, Sidney
liiglon, F.G.Williams, (Presiding El
ders of said Church,) propiictorojivirt
lan l. Ohio. Printed by Williams St Co.,
1835. This book is of Divine authority
among Mormons. Now turn to page 138,
and we find the following language:
"For behold I say unto you, the Lord
willeth that tlie disciples Mormons and
the children of men persons not Moimöns
should open their hearts even to purchase
this who:.e mjmoi or OOCXTKY as soon as
time will permit.
"Behold, here is wisdom; let them do
this, J.sr they receive mine inheritance,
save it be the sheddirrj cf Mood."
"Wherefore the laid of Zion these
United States shall not be obtained but
by pureJoase or ly blooJ.' lb. page 143.
"And now 1 Fav unto yon, keep thest
things from ooing a'road unto the ux rld,
until it is expedient in me that jra may ac
complish this work. ke., in the eye o!
your enemies, that they may not know your
voks, until ye have accomplished the
thing which I command you." lb. page
132.
Here, then, is proof, such as no Mormon
can consistently dispute, as it is from the
Book they consider Divine, and of binding
and paramountocthoritv with them. And
this Book tea-ties, what all Mormon-: be
fore, that it is God's will that they should
vrain pessessioa of this whole country,
! either by purchase or by con (liest; an I, il
our Government stanl in th.ur wav, they
s W
arebounl to destroy it. That tho Mor
mons in Missouri so understoo I Mormon
ism, when they robbed post offices, com
mitted theft anl murder, is proved by
documents publish? I by ihz Congress of
these Unite I States, llcnee, I oSaei 99
2. My next p oof is "Cong cssion.il
Do2um?ut No. 189 20th Cong. ess, Sac
on l S;ssion. published by order of the
U.S. Senate, Fe1). 15, 1841." This is aa
8vo. pamphlet of aoout 50 page, and con
tains the testimony of a large number of
Mormons un ler oath, proving that the lead
ers and others of the seet had robbed the post
office, engage I with a gang of counterfeit
ers, coiners and blaek legs, cheating and
burning property. Indeed, the testimony
of the Mormons, proving their High Priest
and leaders guilty of "the several crimes
of hh treason, mnrder, bnrglary, arson,
robbery and larceny," would fill two or
three numbers of this paper. John Cor-
ro!l, a Mormon, testifies ax follows:
"This Mormon Church has been reprc
sente 1 as being tha little ston: spoken of
by Daniel, which should roll on and crtsh
a IX opposition to it, aOd ultimately
ho
as
Th
blv
religion binds them to ultimately annihi
late all Governments that eondict with the
Mormon Church; and it was this prjxciple
which led to the outrages committed in
Missouri twenty years since, an account of
which is set forth in the "Document" pub
lished by Congress. Were it not for oc
cupying so mach space, I would quote
largely from this document, showing the
ENoaMous crimes committed by ths Mor
mon lea lers, who organised "seeret oath
hound societies" for this DUroose: -rimes.
.1. 1.1a - '
me reci.ai of
hieb is enouarh to chill
one's blcKKl, and which show what Irin ! i
ot a "law a
m
JstMOg people'' tho Mormon?
are, wh-ro th?ir religion and their oaths
binl tham to kill and destroy tha Gteatües.
And, inieeiy Congress ordere 1 tho publi-
cation of tftk testimony detailing theo
characteristic of Mormeniam, for no oth-
. . ittU'.la 1 rt n T.'MmUil OB -i.ll t .niul'! n 1 SU 1- ! 1 e .1
i.i jz cjiui . it i ' j in i ic uu.li i. .in i new chucks is mi Tiir ti.r. i iL.
nnniuai Atiiyivm. oiner naii oi tue aent as loilown. viz- t i
'Tli . r r : , i ..s- . . . . .7 . . ,u y
is is tue ''si 'j Ji-i.uioui.sm, picca- im, r iv ner cent . otate toek. ' fino- i
it we can. foreihlT if we mnst." Thir for ono-h.llf Hif tili nrin-.ioAl r.f fkm TiJ. . .
' J I -''v '..un toi yJL Ll.o LIUIi: I S In tlx. 1
er pnrpose than to put the nation in pos- Car.al Stocks have been issued, for the pay
eaaioa, of this knowledge of their true ment of which the State is in no wise re-
character,
Now for a few words concerning "spir-
itnal wifery" among th2 Mormons. Mr.
Snow somewhat naively says:
"True, Wh (fee world are pleased to
call "Polygamy," exists to some extent in
Utah, not however as a civil institution of
the Territory, nor will it Ihj recognized in
the State, if so be a State is granted; but
purely as a sacred religious institution, to
whi h onlv the pure and virtuous can be
a linkte 1.'"'
Mr. Snow's authority for having two or
two hundred wives, please, notice, is drawn
X.&'from the invisible world! It rests pg
"revelations" fron: the unseen! That is
the sour-e whence the authority for the
"spiritual free love" practice is drawn. It
has been a most fruitful source of evil,
fana'i.-ism, bigotry and persecution from
the earlier ages of the world. And, mark
you, Mr. E litor, what a nose of teax this
Invisible region is how easily any fa
natic may draw ai'TiioniTt from it for any
a t he wili feo commit! The Mormon
elders tell the Mormon maidens, "There
arc multitudes of spirits waiting to take
mortal bodies in you, and the poor spirits
n a unhappy until yon become a mother!"
So t!i? Sniritna.ist, (case reported in the
Daily Herald of January 10, under the
h a I of "Free Love and Tar and Feaik
tra, ) says to a m s lium, "you must be
my wife, beeause I have ha 1 a revelation
that the spirit of my defease 1 spouse ha
come bock aud taken possession of your
body! '
L?t it be inscribed upon the broad heav
ens in letters of living fire, that all the
authority for "spiritual free love," Mor
mon nrdvwnmv. and ihe worst form of 1a-
naticism" is drawn from the dart, un-
kwnen, inoitHAe, imafi'mnry irorld'
Of course, no "civil institution'
could
rojognie such authority's mow than
they coulU summ..; spirits to testily m
courts ot justice, tiencc mormons may
well say. that polygamy is not t(T be al-
1..W ..I ,;,.! of At ,bnr,h Una -h., .
farce to call such practices "a sacred re-
ligions institution," to which the Mormons
only "are to be admitted!"
Finally, I con dude that Spiritualism'
and Morm onisra will, on the whole, sub- (
serve some goo 1 purpose in this way they
et men to thinking, and show, by many
sal examples, the dangers and evils in ta
king revelations from the iniUihb icorld,
as authority tor our actions.
ANTI-SECT.
Boston, Jan. 21, 1807.
l ue State Debt ( Intüai.a.
Wc abstract from the Audtor of State's
Annual Report thc following statement of,, been i(1.,t 0n ac
tlie origin, progress and present colWition of count 0f bonds surrendered
the debt of the State. It will be read Who
k nil-
... v- . v 1. Vj " ' " -
The nature of the pnblic debt of the Stale
lias b n so often explained that it is pre-'
some 1 to be und rstood by all who tak any
interest in public a.Hairs: :ind therefore it is
leeme 1 unnecessarv. at this time, to do any-
thing more than to make a very brief expla -
nation. ITie debt was created by the sale
of State Bonds, in the first place, for the
construction of the Wabash and Uirie Ja-
nal. and in the second place to raise means
to progress with the public works, the con-
. iaa
strucuon ot which was authoiuea by the,
V 7tot.hr L"p',s,fture' aPProvel January
- ' "j- j.i. .v,.
I .. . -I-'.- I 1 a
",r V " ; "!tt ni,i "Pr"vnts.
tnerunii commissioners continueo to sell
Bonds from year to year until some time in
L839, wh n, in conse juenee of the derange
ment of the monetary afTairs of the country,
no more would sell on the terms prescribed
by the General Assembly, and, as a mat
ter of course, operations on the Public
W orks were soon after suspen le 1. The ,
interest on the Bonds sold was regularly :
paid up to 1841, when, in consequence of!
thi taxes ho i n t t'nr th most nar .' 1. .'.. I 1
a. . q ,,, . nw. i. .. T"
oi .mv. . i ii . . in uns ... i. ui in an as-
ik- i- r .u.
l J W 1.1 H MLill.Ul.l I J 1 in. il VSU,
an I it was therefore for enteral years un
paid. Th holders of the Bon is, becom
ing somewhat impatient on account of tlie
non-payment of interest, (the nominal val
IIVMI-I'IIY llirm Ml lllirn.l, I III-; 1 1 V i 1 1 I 1 1 .1 1 iJ-
' i i ii u r n .i
oa ot our Bonds, as well as those of all the
States upon which interest wa not paid,
. .k .ii -
becoming in the meantime greatly depi ccia-
ted.) titioned the Legislature to take ac-
tion in regard to the matter. In 1847, at
regan
the instance of a large portion of the Bond
holders, th? Legislature pased an act sup
plementary to an a t on the same subject,
approved .fan. 19, 1846, providing for an i
adjustment of indebtedness of thc State. since the comm-ncement of the arrange
The oojeei and effect of this nnangement ment, is as follows, viz:
was to release the State from all liability
for the payment of the principal and inter-
e.t on one-half of the outstanding debt, the
ajii i iioiuers receiving in neu oi it the
w abash and bine Lanal. its lands and rev
enues. The -old Ifonds were all to n sur-
surrenderea. I
2d "Two and one-half pnr cent. State
Sto.k," being for one-half the arched and
one per cent, of accruing interest on the
Bon Is surrendered.
For ths paym?ut of these two Stoeks only
1.
i uif okk rvspuiisiuic. a tie oonds ig
soeil forthe principal were to draw fonr
per coat, interest from the consummation of
the arrangement to the 1st of January, 1853,
and afterward five per cent, until redeemed,
which may be done at the pleasure of the
Sinti aftr the exniration of twnntv mn
Thi Ron; Is tissued for the accrnad ind ob
percent, accruing intero&t,
beinor tha, 9 1 O
per cent, ütojks, requirde no interestto be
pai 1 on tharn until 1853, and then only at
the rate of 1 1-2 per cent, peronnum.
For the payment of the othar half of the
debt principal and interest, varioos kinds of
I ... - .una
sponsible.
The condition in the arrangement, that the
uon,j 0fcn should complete the Caual
from Tcrrp Hante to Evansville has been
complied with, and the Canal is in opera-
tion thrüUgh the entire State.
. . . . .,
i ne ioiiowuig smicuiciii ui tut- prv.seut
condition or the Public Debt is taken from
tho report of the Agent of State.
Bonds Surrendered.
There were outstanding on the
1st dav of November, 1855,
435 Bonds of 1,000 each 435,000 00
There have been surrendered
since that time 10 Bonds of
1,000 each 10,000 00
Leaving outstanding on th: 1st
November, 1856 425,000 00
Fire per cent. Stale Sto k.
There had been issued on ac
count of bonds surren lere 1
up to the 1st day of Nov
1855.
5,306,500 00
There has been issued sinec
that time on the same ac
count 5,000 00
Making total issued on the 1st
of November, 1850 5,300.500 00
Tiro and a half per cent. Slate Stock.
There had been issued on ac
count of bonds surrendered
up to the 1st day of Nov.
155 2,036,373 50
There had been issued since
that time on the same ac
count , 3,837 50
, Making total issued to 1st of
November , 1856 2,040,811 00
Five per cent preferre f Canal Slo'k.
There, is outstanding of this
st0k same as reported last
-yrar 4.079,500 00
, , . , ( , v, ,
f P prefered Special lanal Sloes.
There is outstanding of this
stock same as repotted last
fß . 1,216, 3l 50
Five per eint, deferred Canal Stock.
There ha 1 oeen issued op ac-
count of bond" surrendered
up to the Ut day of Nov.
1.222,000 00
There have have heen issued
since that time on same ac
count Making total issued on 1st of
500,0 00 00
November, 156
1,227,000 00j
Five ter cent, deferve I Siberia!, Canal Stock.
I up to the 1st of November,
1500
4C1,745 00
There has been issued
an
s.nce
that time on the same ac
count 837 50
. . . . . Jff
mS t?tat sXA on 1st of
. owember, l8ob 36o,5S yü
' Coupon.
There have been r ight cupons
surremlere 1 of 825 eaeh
sinrte the 1st of November,
1S55, making
r
jf-Wc have to repeat the remark made
in )ast year's report from this o$ee, that
tnre appears to he a mistaKe m tne report
i.' - ,.
a to m amount of Bonds ontstamling.
The following is a correct statement of the
-,i; to 1. .Uta in tho Audi-
tor's Office, :
The Bonds outstanding at the
time of the Stat? Debt ar-
rangemsnt wil
th the Bond
holders amounted to 811,048,000
The amount jf State Sto -ks
issued to the 1st of Novem
ber, 1856, is 8o.30G,500
i Add same ain't
. r, 10i i - .aß -.nn
for Canal StOcks,o,30ß,o00
10.013,000
8435,000
Leaving outstanding
The error referred to seems to have oc-
... f n 1 IC.
nirrol in thc report ol I'c eml'er, ldJ.
! " , " .. . .
I S?5 th-n Ü rP'"rte:
at 80S2.000, when the figures shows it
... ' ft0(V) (MII? r, . . ,
should have been 8992,000. The mistake
I "nu,"u Mve n
! hasJn H'i"""
ever since. Auditor
of State
TNTEKBST OS THE STATE DEBT.
According to the ledgers of this Office
the amounts of interest paid each fiscal year,
fn thc year 1841
J In thevear 1848
' In the "year Ls40
87,600 00
183,730 00
188,344 00
188,595 00
203,718 00
1W,7800
249,12775
198,255 52
300,509 14
316,674 34
1 n the year 1850
In the year 1851
In the. year 102
ar 18o3
car 154
year 1855
year lcoo
82,513,397 75
LNTEHEST AXD EXCHANGE.
Amount audited in 1854
Amount audited in 1855
Amount audited in 1856
83,756 50
0,050 00
3,2(50 00
812,066 50
The amount of State Stocks redeemed
since the State Debt arrangement is 8378,
234, f which 8150,000 are five per cents
and 8228,234 two and a half per cents.
Of the five per cests releemed 875,000
wore received from the Madison and Indi
anapolis Railroad Company for the amount
due the State on account of her interest in
the rood.
expenses or AOEXCY.
Amount audited for incident-
-l co noA rio
passed in January, 1830, at a time when f
everything was buoyant and prosperous, j
and when even kind of real estate was sought
after with avidity. At that time, and in- j
deed for some years previous, during which
the eastern part of the Y abash and Erie
Canal was in the course of construction, no
difficulty was experienced in the sale of of
State Bonds on favorable terms; and for a
a short time the public works were vigor
ously prosecuted, the large amount of mo
ney disbursed giving a rapid impetus to
every species ol enterprise. In loo a re
vr.lsion took place, which put a stop to the
tp .-illation in real estate, prevented the
further sale of State Bonds, suspended op-
erationi on the public works, caused sus-
pnesion of spe.de payments by the banks,
and produced general embarrassment, not
in Indiana only, but, to a greater or less
extent, in every part of the Union. At that
time no facilities existe I in Indiana for the
transportation of produce to market except
by wagons, over difficult roads and of course
it commanded a low price at the place of its
production.
When the public w vks were suspended,
considerable balances we e due to contract
ors as well as to the Banks for a lvanccs
mo In in nntit-n.Ql i..n rf tVin fnnl imin.l tol.
ai expenses oo.uou vo
The Agent has received no warrant for
his salary during the last year.
It may not be out of place, in this con
nection to take a brief retrospect of the for
mer and contrast it with the present condi
tion of our financial affairs. The internal
improvement bill, as has been stated, was
it t 11a UlltlV.IIMllVlt ' Wl VOlltlllUVH
contraetota on the roublic works, a lame a-
mAnnt ,,f Treaiiirw Volfto l.oarinor ti t f.r
d in the early part
cm - an 1 for the puis
Aahaarlsm to th
cent interest, were issue;
of 1840, and paid to tlu m
n. Af mnMimr ih in.UUp.lr.aies to thfl
R.T.L- .AiiJ..!- nfWnn- v,-.t,.c
denoinimited Bank Scrip, bearing' five per
ewt. interest was issued early in 1842, and
deUvered to them in payment for advances
made bv them. Thde treasury Notes were
receivable for State dues, and constituted
the principal currency for the payment of
tav L U .-.....Uia find n,,
to meet the ordinary expenditures of State
n . M'i. . f.. i .
jrovei Iimt'lll. 1 lie ruuu v ommissiwucia
i A .a.- . ,u .i,i:
debt until 141, after which it remained, in-
paid until 1847 when the arrangement with
, , f j A.u
tlie bondholders was consummated. At tha
j i .i . .i
J'UOUU II UÜU L ! 1 1 s u. i tl L 1 ' lli.il'. .." i.ia . ' "
aütlneöf all taxable. in thcState amounted to '
about $123,000,000 whilst the value of(
taxable for 1"G, f returns, were reeeiVed
from all the coonti would exceed 8300.-
of Bonds; to meet which, with other press- mS atswsr open as 11 now sianus.
ing demands the revenues of the State Ihe ex.ionses ot the Agency as coinpared
were whollv inadequate. Forthe purpose to "J4 tBeJ wf rc P"or l85t' are 1llt
of relieving" as far as was in the power of shwn. b7 the following statement.
the legislature to do so, the demands of the Ane A"dlt?r of Stte WJ Zfg'
n,A M.A i i . r l .
j equally among the voters of the State, the
i share of ca ob would not exceed 830. Ev
200,00 j cr since the new arrangement was ma le.
the interest of tic public debt has been
! promptly paid, and our bonds are in as good
. ,
creilit as anv hve iwrccn
. f .
SC'UntlnS IU ttlG
; market
Thus with a credit fully redeem-
, ed. with a oouulation an 1 wealth thusnxeat-
K- mnnnt.,1 dtl. om.non snboolc cto',.
lishod in every neighborhood, and with
railroals running through almost every
part of the State, Indiana needs but wi
legislation, and prudent and skilful man-
agement in thc various administrative de -
n
partmcnts, to preserve her present elevated
financial credit, and eecure to her citizens
enduring prosperity.
POMS8TIC DEBT OF TUE STATE.
Six per rent. Treasury Notes.
Total amount isssned 81,500,000 00
Total amount redeemed to
Oct. 31, 1853,
81,501,331)00
Total amount
redeemed
t -S AAP AA I fl
since ii,uöo uo
1 512 415 00
Excess of redemption $12,415 00
Five per cent. Treasury Xotes.
Total amount issued
8722.640 00
lotal amount re
deemed to Oct. 31.
153 8732,915 00
Total amount re
deemed since 2,630 00
235,545 00
Excess of rc-
I demption 812,905 00
Quarter ner rent. Treasttrv Xoiei
J
Total amount issued 870,000 00
Total amount redememed to Oc
tober31, 1853 76,995 00
Excess of redemption
80,995 00
Iutrrcst Account.
Interest allowed and paid on Treasury
Notes to the 3st Oct, 185Ö,, viz:
Ou six per cents. 8337.523 54
On five per cents. 163,064 45
On quarter per cents. 656 92
Total
8501,245 91
!
Report of the Aveot of täte.
The report of tho Agent of State shows
the same figure in regard to tho surrender
ed bonds of the State, the Canal and State
Stocks, as we have heretofore, published in
making abstracts of the Auditor's report.
Th abstracts of transfers of Hock aceorn-
uw.uw, annua new valuation oi rcai c- wit at to SOW 111 a Hot-Iled. Our correspondent from Tigo mentions
täte had been made in 1855, as wa content- lone
platod bv law, the value of taxables would! Il a three light frame of about six feet; u ' T.. n,
now reach nearly 8400,000,000, The pop in w,Jt0 ftml twelve leet long, o light can ! Piuxcetox, igo Co., Feb. 11
ulation of Indiana in 1S47 was probably ' appropriated to the seed of early vegeta-1 . Sir: d have noticed your request for
about WO.OOO; whilst it is now but little b,M" Tw fe lreeach, of the follow- information about the hog cholera One
short of l,5m.iMM. Th public debt, now W will be sufficient for a moderate cd i man in this township lost sixteen hogs.
a little over 87,000,000, has become in f;U,li v- For th - in st sowing. ry r, 1 he symptoms are the same as noticed in
f.i. i.u l l t an itlowers: Earbi York or Earbi Wat- four paper. I had one that died of it.
view of the crowing wealth and popula-1 tulim , joiaw auy rr m r-r
tion of the State, a comparative! v small , nlngstadt cabbage the latter is the best , and in a lew days after two Oth2rs were ta
matter, and n within th , easy control of tho ! X we hf Tc ,PrP i kcn 81f , They refused to eat corn, and I
Public authorities. If it we're parceled out PA tomatoes, white solid cclorv, a few I Bcperate them irom my other hogs and
. .-- - . . :C .4 "V 1 . 1 - 1 i 1 . . rrn .... t linn, n Kvi. knll vn C C J
panics the report, and also tabular state
incuts of the amounts of interest paid.
Wc extract from the report a suggestion
made to tho Legislature to have tho acts
of the State Agent more carefully guard
ed, I desire to call the attention of the Leg
islature to one fact in connection with tho
Agency, which in my judgement ought not
to be overlooked. Undei tlie law as it now
stands, there is nothing but the oath, the
official bond and honesty of the Agent, to
prevent mm irom .suuw st amount 01
. 1 1 a ; ; .
siock. ne may aesire, auu suoutu ue. ai any
time be tempted, he might, by an over is
Fue, render the State liable for thousands
of dollars for which she would never have
received one cent. Aside from this, the
Agency, as the matter now stands, is lia-
blc t0 the chrS ot havinS over
any time An unscrupulous stock jobber
may, for his own purposes see proper to
M "--- X I - -
make it, thus creating distrust in the midst
of those interest- ! as stockholders, and cast j '"7 lormett grain?, this process ot se
odium on the Agent, however trustworthy I steadily continued for a scries of
and honest he may be. This, I think, ! Jrs, would undoubtedly increase both
should be obviated bv simply creating a thc quantity and yield. Some growers
Wgistry, by which it "shall be "marie the du- j 1,S4Ve claimed that the seed ears should not
tv of some one to countersign and register ! bft elected at harvest time, but an earlier
ea-h certificate after it passes out of the hands !date. and t:'at thc wl"ch ripen first
of the Agent before it shall become valid. should be preferred. We suppose that
This would, as a matter of course, be at-! tx'' klnrls OI" ears "pen before the general
tended with a slight additional expense, but cr0V V1Z: those wliicn are largest ami most
this expenditure would, in mv opinion, be Ptect, and a portion of those distorted in
economv on the part of the " State when ! figure; thc latter should certainly be avoid
comnared with the risk she runs by leav-! ed- V hen fine fruit 18 required it may be
. s j
A
mjs 01 lRe agency irom reo. ast, tw, to
ist 1840,
to be
819.G0S 92, from
w!u h m7 be duct f?r AentlS ia.la
"r second year L00. leaving the m
Cental expenses, $18,00? 02, for one y
I alary
cl
UenU' CXpeil-C
ear
1 Kvett months, whereas, from
the 6th
? oi loo to the 1st of No-
vember l8o7, a period of almost three
7 thA5xP?!Mes1j )gfiL h?ve,?rV
5 been 810,014. all told-9.,300 ot winch
lor ASGni "W. mg th. inciden.
tml expenses ut tno gen.-y 83..114 14 for
three years. I make the comparisons in
orJcr to, bow tha; ;,,e expenses of a regis-1
State without
uv i.u uc jucurici v uiu
. . , A ,
making a burthen hard to lc borne
Three
Jr experience in the city o New York
convinced me that issue of stocks ol any
kind cannot be too strong v guarded,
. v""" , " T B Z - .
John M. Lord, Agent oj btate.
QVgviculturoL
. . - .
peppers II W.tlUL'.l. VI1U WUUIC llgUt Call
be sown with Early Cabbage lettuce, and
on- with Scarlet Short-Top or Early Oval :
radiah. The radish scM should be cov-'
ered about half an inch, the others not more; :
rt Anoidor on in I WKati c
v 14 ijuiivi v it j a is . s ii.ii out) u,
Pal ine sou uown Ull-V wuu 1110 uacK 01
t:V pade: and give a gentle wa
the spade: and give a gentle watering.
' The lights should then be laid on and cov-
erea wun rnanurr umii nie see is ucm to
' veg. when they most he uncoveretl in
the day time and covered at night. Should
tbcr0 be much stcam risino. a ÜtÖe air
1 nst be S'ven aI1 niShL Shortly after-
i."iiii,j. &
! 1 '.I . 1 .1 . 1 1 .
wards, it will be tune to sow a few cucum-
ber seeds under tho centre of each sash.
If three seeds grow in each, it will be
enough. When the cucumbers have made
their third rough leaf, the top should be
pinched out to make them branch, and thc
other things in the frame immediately
around them should be pulled up and used
' firsd.
The temperature should be from GO to
65 degress, by night, and from 75 to 80
degrees, by day. Give air in all mild days,
ami cover up at night. Should the heat
decline too much, a lining of fresh manure,
eigiiwru iiiciius imcK, suouiu oc appneu an
around the frame, within six inches of the
top, and then covered with barrels. Wa-
ter when the earth looks dry, with water a
few degress warmer than the atmosphere
of the bed say about 80 degs. Any rank i
steam, from the manure in the trame, must
be carefully guarded against; for if it come !
in contact with any of the young plants, I
they will be destroyed in one night; but it j
is easily smelt, and can be guarded against
by leaving a little air all night, and hang
ing a thin mat over the opening to prevent
cold wind.
llakins: .1 Hot-Bed. :
About the last week in rebrnary, or as ( aso because it must have required prodig
soon as the reveres weather is gone, ma-! ions discernment to ascertain that there
nure should be prepared for hot beds-, ! were eight stories, after the six ones had
where hot bed frames aad sashes can be lallen and crumbled into dust. We are
had- -and no garden should be without puzzled to guess how this marvellous
them. The manure, if fresh from the sta
ble, should bo well shaken out, mixed,
thrown into a heaprAnd left for ten days or
a fort-night, under a shed or other shel
tered plaee, where cold wind and driving
snow or rain can be kept off, when it can
be brought out to some sheltered situation,
and shaken and squared up into a bed
three feet high and one foot larger every
way than the frame that is to stand upon
it. The manure should bo well beaten
down with tho back of the fork while the
bed is being made, and, if very dry, water
ed. Whon done, place the frame upon the
bod, shut toe sashes oleoe, and cow with
old mats or drr litter for a fewtäays. Ex-
amiue the bed the second or third daV, and
if very hot, let in a little air at the back of
the frame for one day and night, by raising
the sash half an inch; if not very hot, the
earth should be put upon the bed at once.
The earth should be prepared in the fall,
and kept under cover all winter, if possi
ble; well-rotted, turfy sods, with one-third
well -decomposed table manure, is the best.
If this is not to be had, take some of the
best garden soil that can be procured, well
enriched with good rotten manure, and a
portion of leaf mould, if to be had. When
this is prepared, put it on the bed to the
i " " w
, d th of aboutsix inchc3 reke it smoothf
j ftn(i pat jt
pat it down moderately with the back
of the rake.
Splected Seed Dorn
All practical farmers are aware that great
! JlT
I co,
M" most
care should be taken in the selection of
not only in selecting the finest
perfect ears, but in discarding
. I. 1 .1 . .
' 11 -lu ca,a L"'; "'"ici uira irregu-
obtained by thc removal of part cf the
crop, and why should this fact not be ap
plied to com raised for seed? Suppose a
stalk have two or more ears, why not re-,
move all the largest, when partly grown,
and thus cause the remaining ear to become
more perfect for seed corn? We have nev
er tried this system, and may be wrong,
but we suggest it to avail of the views of
others. Seed corn, when selected, should
I never be kept in close barrels or bins, but
should bo hung up by the husks, which may
be stripped and plaited together. Th
Working Farmer.
The Ho? Cholera.
From the following communication it
will be seen that this disease is in Vigo
county. Its ravages in this county still
continue latai. One person, yesterday.
: informed us of three lots, having from
twenty to twenty-eight hogs in each lot,
all of which died, in the vicinity of this
city, and another person, of another lot
of about one hundred, nearly all of which
arc dead. Wc understand the disease is
, very fatal in Hendricks county. Will
some of the subscribers there, and in other
counties, inform us as to itsextmt, and if
i linv ivmr.' ioo liav-A h-rn I'nuul af ,'inn t
'J ' -"- .v-....
v- mum auuui nail au UUIILK UI ikSSSHEllUa
dissolved in wann water, mixed with meal
io make a thin slop. After eating it they
did not seem so much affected, and in
about six hours were completely well.
auinp Of mv tifticrfHtfirs linv muri thn cam a
v Ö - i.n. oauiv
Ä' " 11 " ULCI Ia"m5
; cure, u apinieu m time.
x ours truly,
U' TT
; -v.n
So far, then, tue remedies are sulphur,
boiled flaxseed, and assafoetida. Some
i physicians think the disease is erysipelas,
affecting thc inner or mucous lining of the
i . v t
stomach and bowels. Iml.
Jour.
Thc Tower of Babel.
Xot long since, a correspondent of the Bos-
j ton Traveler, writing from Assyria, stated
that M. Place and 6ome other French sa
vans had discovered tho remain of Mm
j Tower of Babel. This took the newspaper
world bv surprise, and -rave oecasinn for
j some very fins writing and some learned
remarks. But the editor of the Buffalo
! Advertiser, in a fit of wanton malice, has
' spoiled the whole story at a blow, and
; sunk the famous Tower again bevond hope
oi resurrection. ine tollowmg ejctract
from that paper is a specimen of the malice
j prepense with which a good story has been
; spoiled:
As the Bible omits to tell how high th-
ambitious builders carried that celebrated
Tower before their tongues were confused.
the rcligous will be duly grateful to Mr
Place and his companions for tho infor-
mation that they had completed "eight sto-
rics" ol the gigantic structure. This ex
cites suspicion, not only because thc Bible
narration seems to convey the impression
that they were confounded at an early stage
of the undertaking, the obi ?ct being to pre
vent their building a very tall structure, bnt
secret was found out.
But we are even more astonished to
learn how perfectly those proud old build
ers baffled the Almighty. The two storks
of Babel that remain arc visible on the
plain, we are told, at a distance of sixty
miles. By a mathematical calculation we
have ascertained that an object tobe visible
sixty miles away, on the level ocean, mnst
be 2400 feet in height! As these two sto
ries are only one fourth of the whole
height to which the Tower of Babel was
carried it is easy to calculate that when the
undertaking was broken off, those old build
ers had carried, thoir Tower to a height
of nearly two miUs.
aaf. .

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