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ATTORNEYS. Vmn-ji lolinitoii, OTARY Pnbltc. Attorney . ' Counselor at Law, Attharind War O aim Agent, Plyn -4h, lad. ft.pocial attastioi given to th set tasat at Ks.atos, Cnnveya icing, and the cul vtion of Soldiers" Claim Tor Pension. Bootitr, as Pay, and Alt otaarWar Claims. Office On Wichigaastraat.avar Back Toaa-a Hardware ' . : - . ' ; . 34ti ' R. D; LOGAN, A TTORNEY AT LAW and No IJL T Puaua. Office BroanWa BhKk.ow si-kara Saw, Plymouth, Ird. CoUectiuu a v- -- jvl.iyl t, JD. 9. FISH, Attorney at I.rv, Tustiee of the Peace, and Imuran Agent, Over tiie Post Office, la Kendall's BI.k. riymooib. lad.. ' jylSyl " t; CARD. ioJHl7SSULlI AW. Attorney: ai Law, Ileal Estate, and Collecting Agent, '-j-- -. ENOX,' STARK CO., INDIANA., - liLLpBACTici: ui all tTie' Con rts TV of Stark. Mai-thall and KoariiiKkn. Conn Uea. The payment wf Non-rpsiduuta' taxes prompt- t attended to. jel3 . COR BIN , JCHN DARNELL, PORBIN & DARNELL, ATTORNEYS AT-LAW. Will Practice in Marshall and adjoinins: Conn Wee, in every Court wht-n called npuu All l-nst-as prompt y attended to office in or Inn's ! ck, aeroud floor, Plymoath, Ind. junZ9ly ". M. .A.. O. Packard, TTORNKT at Law and Notary Public. Boom i Km. 1. Balcony Block, Plymouth. Marshall coonty, iud. . 134tf . John S. Bender, ft OTART Public, attorney at law. and Wi. elaita agent. Office Balcony Block. Plvm. sib, Indiana. 34t"f A. C. & A. It. Cflrfii. 4 ITOKAKTS COUNSELLORS. Real Kalale and lleetin( Agents, Plymouth. Tnd., ae practta ag la the law courts of Marvhsll and adjoining ou.iIns, aad will give prompt attention to all I era) aoitiese entrusted i them. O-neral colletting agonuior ATorthern Indiana and Son t hern MMiigau. Pal ienlar atteniion given to the settlement fasYdent' estates and ensrdlanships. Deeds.nmrt a-s, and other contracts drati n up and acknowl juts taken. Office, Brownlx's Block, np stairs o w. a. pe. kotahy fvblic OSBORNE & HESS. A I OR VETS. I.nw. Hlatrnf) promptly i a? profrsiaioaa luiMinvm rntrttMt-d to th'in. Par. .lrlar ten Hot. riMi to ir! ItsUAim-K. li I Xniittrid and qitrt Cotlrciinfi irwd nt:d r-tMptW remttt.. Office on Mk-bien Sti ft a ! toora nortli of Ihr Parker House, Plvim-ut f lad. F. O. Ac H. 1. Pnrlc , VTTORXKY.Cn!Horn al l.aw.Noii , Pnb H:and Auf hortznl Wnr CUim Aki . Hour boa, Ind. Enpecial attention gi'en to (ht 'ttmrii Kiaites. ''nnveTHiirinpc, a d hr Col cIob of 8otdieraf .'latins for PnHions, Bounty, ck Pay and all itbrr War Claim f:Htf PHYSICIANS.. .C TTMTTt, M. D f FtlASCE. M.O I(IYHI"IAN STROEOVS. Borif B'. Tbe dictom r-)oM tli:r pair v t ch -a l in Ck day t iirr pr-nii t it. ittltn iitMtfnn ir b com )i I ry . hpx:iiil atiettin j i rlit llenp atl !pMtfve nrictry. OfBr alaa.v o e.i, and doctor in ronstaut atttndmic M . Jcoh f K O, RKin,.R PHTSUIaN and t.ratiTf 8nr goi, tiltV,a hi n'fn nil - vicr to th wop of M;iriil county. In tidditioii to t If tiBtm-nr flinciM.- cn. iKin to l" country, p-r ta I a ttn ti n will i vn t o Zu retry . t he treMtnien' if surc;ifal d'.rwaw sud dioeiDfA nt f? OMl. KifiUl rlJit in t"ii and cnnrry prf.inptjv ateidfd l Charpr4 narUaltf. (tjlior itpMaiii in cttrner hnrdiTis Kuth of tin- ttaufc. H lr. .1. f. Tlnd, OHYPI'lAN aid fV1H, Kif. IndinriH attiidi to all rails prni tly. 14 T. A. Eortoru IL D. H:i4 ri:niov(l ltis now rosi tMce, one dtor nth of ht t rnwr dw lHii;, n 'lie emit iide ot Mn hipn atriH't. br In- may le found and coniiulted pr4lioialI.v. 34-yl. A. - MortoTi, DKNTfST. Office vfT J. F. Wt-tirvi'lt store. Teeth extracted without palti, 1V the line of Ni-irou-t ixiilf (or Kat.ftiiir Tef.th: from on :ili o a full af tt, cheap thiit the rich and tor 5an all ret them. Office open all days vceit Mon iayaand Taeadaya, l4tf . XI. Reynold. M. !. En.AH rhyi-i;tn aad krative Snrfon. offrs his proMiflioimr aervlcea tth rititena f lymaulh and Htirronntlinc eountrv In addition to the treatment of dieites rmnnci to the conn y. pecial attention will be ivr-n to Snr;ery the raatnient of nrjctcal diseaeea and dtiensea of fe males Night calls in town and rountry promptly a'leuded tn. Charjreci Tfasonale. ffice and reai denceoi wett aid mf BZirhipiin atreet, three doora t the hank, Plymouth, Ud. f :4 tt Mrn. Hr. C. W. foopfr, nOMEOPATHlC PIIYSICIAX. ..nd Wlliw of tlw late Or. K. W. Poop, er. eiilln il.n mteution of the people to lh fct tht ah intfinU contiituin the prarth'e of medicine nit4 fifhtiHtry in her lute bmdtawd'fi place, and that ahf ail) pimpttv Mtrrtwi to all call and treat all disease that afflict the human nvtfiu. Office and ?eiidence first dor uih ot Alletnau'a furniture Mora. 2g I) It. J. A. I) UN LA P, 1 hvsfcian and Suroreon. SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN to 'hroal - lieasis. and dtete- ol children. Office oner S. E. Itcem? Grocery Store. ' sepg-tf MISCELLANEOUS. ti. itiGi: & Co., MEAT DXARKET, LAPORTE .STREET, ,:. PLTHOCTH, ISDIASA, K EEP ON HAND FOR THE .Trade,, all kinds of cfaoh-e meats. july20mfi Fashionable Barber & Hair Bresss LArOUTE TRKKT, PI TMOCTH, ISD. i HAVING Hair Cctting. 8ham T7 looing, and Coloring done in the moat approv ed anht. Jel3yl G. U.BULNK, - PLTMOtTH. BP., PROPRIETOR OF THE PLYM oath fMftining Mill, and dealer in Lumber. Lath, Walnut Bed Stuff, &c, oaih of the P. Ft. W. C R R . also, mannfee Snrer of Monldiogs. Brackets .and Scroll work of all kinds and patterns, at pries more thxa b per cent beloar tlte Chicago and Milwaukee rates And I he work is warranted to I inferior lo none. Jjlayl GKO.ivvOHK & Co., Cenml 1'ommkviou Merch'nls. PL YM O UTJI, JND , K EEP always on baud, at the Red Warehouse, Hair, Uaie. Cement, and Land PlaeKr, which win be sold at tbs lowest cash price. v . . v iy3yi I. O. O. F. Amaaicps Lonsc. So 91, meets erery Thursday seen ing at their ball, orer Bock Tuan'a Sard ware store jfeiubera and visiting Brothers re spectfully lashed, Bivar Hatkk, K. O. D. M. Bott. Sect. X4t JOHIj' MUELLER. Fashionable Barber AJTD JEIA.Ha DBESSEE, South Side of Larorte Streets Plymouth, Indiana. or23-ly. Mcardy House. jijOrtTH stdeP. Ft. A C. r- w., Wanatah. Tnd. v Praok McCordy, Proprietor. Coarenient and staasleeaccoainodatktne. IlistP Mtat Market- CAMrtL MMORE. Tn the Ute Ir. Wert's Bnlld !"5'"JV w ...nih of A. R. Philpnt'e Silver smith ilfej. n Michigan loreet. Jteepa the very est of all kind of bMat and naasaga, and sel Is them ; 16-io-tf. BENDER & MILLIKAN, Editors and Publishers. 4 PRESIDENTS 'MESSAGE. Wabhisoton, Dec. 4, 1871.'. To the Senate and House of Representatives : In addressing my third annual message to the law-making branch of the govern ment, it is gratifying to be able to stale that during the past year success has gene. ally attended the effort to execute ail laws found upon the statute books The policy has been not to inquire into the wisdom of the laws already enacd. but to learn their spirit and intent and enforce them accordingly: The, past year has, under a wise Proidence,1eeD oneofgenc eral prosperity to the nation,- - It . has, however, been attended withmore than usual chastisements in the loss of life and property by storm and fire. These dis asters have served to call forth the best elements of human nature in onr country, and to develope a friendship for us on the part of foreign nations which goes far to ward alleviating the distress occasioned by the calamities. The benevolent who have so generously shared their means w ith the many victims of these great mis fortunes, will reap their reward in the consciousness of having performed a noble act, and in receiving the grateful thanks of the men, women and children whose sufferings they have relieved. OUR I'OREION RELATIONS THE TBgATY OF WASHINGTON. The relations of the United States with foreign powers continue to be friendly. The year has been au eventful one in witnessing two great nations, speaking one language and having one lineage, settling by peaceful arbitration dispute of long standing, and liable at any lime to bring tho.se nations into bloody and hos tile conflicts. An example has'thus been set which, if successful in its final issue, uiay l followed by other civilised na tions, i nd be the final means of returning to productive industry millions of men now maintained to settle tbe disputes of nations by the tiayonet and broadsword. I transmit herewith a copy of the treaty alluded to, which has been concluded since the adjournment of Congress wit hi her Britannic Majesty, and a copy of the ! protocol of the conferences of the com missioners by whom it was negoiiated. This treaty provides meihods for adjust ing the questions pending between the two nations Various questions are to be adjusted by arbitiation. I recommend Congress, at an early day. to make the necessary provision for the tribunal at Geneva, and for the seve.-al Commissions on the part ol the Lnited btates, called for by the 1 reaty. His Majesty the King of Italy, the President ot" the bwi b Confed eration, and iii., Majesty the mjeror of brazil have each con.-en:ed, on the j 'iut request of the two powers, to name au ar bitrator tor the tribunal t Geneva. 1 have caused my thanks to be suilably ex pressed for the readiness with which the j- int request has been c:mi;lied with, by the appointment of gentlemen of emmin enit: and learning to these important po sitions. His Majesty the ,uiperor of Germany has been pleased to comply w ith the req test of the government, and has consented to act as the arbitrator of the disputed water boundary oetween the United states and Great Britain, an'' the contracting parties in the treaty have un dertaken to regard, a between themselves, certain principles or' public law for which the Lnited Mates have contended from the commencement of their history. They have also agreed to brin-.- these principles lo the know ledjif; of the oilier maritime powers, and invite them to accede lo them. .Negotiations me going on as to the form of the note by which the iuvita tion is to be extended o the powers. I recommend the le!iUlaU..n necessary the part of the L nited States to bring in to operation the auicles of the treaty re luting to the fisheries, and to the other matters touching the relations of the Lnited States toward the Bri.ish .North American possessions, to become opera tive as soon a the proper legislation shall be had on the Dart of Great Britain and its possessions. It is much to be desired that this legislation may become operative before the tishcrmeu of the United btates begin u make their arrangements for the comirK season. 1 have addressed a communication, ol which a copy is transmitted herewith, to the Governors ot Aew lurk, Pennsyl vania, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin. urrinsr upon the govern ments of those btates respciiveh'. the necessary action on their part to carry in to effect the object of the article of the treaty which contemplates the use of the canals on ei'her ide. connected with the navigation of the lakes and rivers form ing the boundary, on terms of equality by the inhabitants of both countries, it is hoped that the importance of the object and the benefits to flow therefrom w ill se cure the speedy approval and legislative sanction of the btates concerned. THE FOKTY SISTII PARALLEL. I renew the recommendation for an ap propriation for determining the true po sition of the forty-ninth parallel of laii tuue, where it forms the boundary be tween the United btates and the iiiiiish North American possessions as between the Lake of the Woods and the summit of the Hocky Mountains. The early ac tion of Congress in the recommendation named would put it in the power of the War Department to place a force in the field during the next summer. THE rBOTECTIOS OF GERMAN RESIDESS IX FRANCE. The resumption of diplomatic relations between If iance .and Germany have en abled me to give directions for the with drawal ol tbe protection extended to Ger mans in France by the diplomatic and consular representatives of the United States in that country. It U just to add that the delicate duly of this protection has been performed by the minister and the consul General at Paris, and the vari ous consuls in i' ranee under the super vision of the latter, with great kindness as well as with prudence and tact. Their course has received the commendation of the German Government and has wound ed no susceptibility of the jb'rench. "i EOLATIONS WITH OTHER NATIONS. Tne Government of the Emperor of uennany continues lo manliest a tnetKlly feeling toward tne United States, and a desire to harmonize with the moderate and just policy-w hich this Government maintains ib its relations with tbe Asiatic powers as well as with the buth Ameri can Republics. I have given assurance that friendly feelings of that Govern ment are fully shared by the United States. The ratification of the consular and na turalization, conventions with the Aus-tro-Hungary Empire have been exchanged. 1 have been officially informed of the an nexation of the States of the Church to the Kingdom of Italy, and the removal of the capital of that kingdom to Rome. In conformity w ith the established policy of the United States I have recognized ihis change. The ratification of the new treaty of commerce between the United States and Italy has been exchanged. The two powers have agreed in the treaty that property at sea shall be exempt from capture in case of war between the two jtowers. The United States have spared no opportunity of incorporating this rule into the obligations of nations. - 8P AN SIH-AMERICAN CLAIMS. " The forty-first Congress, at its third session, made an appropriation for the or ganization of mixed commission for ad judicating upon the claims of citizens of I the Lnited Slates against Spain, growing out of the insurrection in Cuba. That f Commission has since been organized. I transmit herewith the correspondence re lating to its lormatton and its junsdic ( tion. It is to be hoped that this com- mission will afford the claimants a com .1 o plete remedy for their injuries. It has been made the agreeable duty of the United btates to preside over the confer ence at Washington between the pleni potentiaries of Spain and the allied Ameri can Republicans, which has resulted in on armistice, with the reasonable assur ance of a permanent peace. . . THE NORTHERN BEAR CATACAZY. The intimate friendly relations which have so long existed between the United States and Russia continue undisturbed. The visit of the third son of "the Emperor is & proof that there is no desire on the part of his government -to diminish the cordiality tf these relations, i he hospit able reception which" has been given to the Grand Duke. is vproof that on our 6ide we share the w"rslieVtf that Govern ment. The inexcusable course of the Russian Minister at .Washington rendered it-necessary to' ask. his removal, imd to decline to longer receive that functionary as a diplomatic- representative. It was impossible, with self-resiec. or witb a just regard to the dignity of the country. to permit M. catacazy to continue to bold intercourse with this government, for bis abuse of government officials, and for his persistent interference, through various means, with the relations between the United States and ot her powers. In ac cordance with my wishes this govern ment has been relieved of further inter course with Air. Catacazy, and the man agement of the affairs of the Imperial Legation has passed into the hands of a gentleman entirely unobjectionable. CHISA AND JAPAN. With Japan the United States continues to maintain intimate relations. The Cabinet of the Mikado has. since the close of the last session of Congress, selected citizens of the United States to serve in important offices in several departments of the Government, I have reason to thiuk that this selection is due to an ap preciation of the disinterestedness of the policy which the United States have pur sued towards Japan. It is our desire to continue to maintain this disinterested and just policy with China, as well as Japan. 1 he correspondence transmitted herewith shows that there is no disposi lion on the part of this Government to 3werve from its established course. THE COREA. Prompted by a desire to put an end to the barbarous treatment of our ship wrecked sailors on the Corean coasts, I instructed our Minister at Pekin to en deavor to conclade a convention wiih Corea for securing the safety and prevent ing tne inhuman treatment ot such mari ners. Admi.-al Rogers was instructed to accompany him with a sutbeient force to protect him in case of need. A small surveying party sent out, on reaching the coast was treacherously attacked at a dis advantage. Ample opportunity wa given for explanation and an apology for the insult; neiiher came. A force was then landed. After an arduous march over a nigged and difficult co.oitry, the forts from which ihe outrages -A been committed were gallantly assaulted and were destroyed. Having thus punished the criminals, aud having vindicated the honor of he Hag, tiie exjicdiiiou returned, Lnding it impracticable under theciicum stances to concl title the desired conven tion. I respectfully refer to the corres pondence relating "thereto herewith sub mitted, and leave the subject for such ac tion as Congress may see tit to take. THE REPUBLIC OF MEXICO has not yet repealed tue very objection able law establishing what is known as the "free bone, on the frontier of the United States. It is hoped that this may yet be done, and also that more stringent measures may be taken by that Republic for restraining lawless persons on its frontier. I hope that Mexico, by its own ucllm, will soon relieve this Government of the difficulties experienced from these causes. CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA. Our relations with the various Republics of Central and South America continue, with one exception, to be cordial and friendly. I recommend some action by Congress regardiug the overdue installments under the aw ard of the Venezuela Claims Com mission of ls'ji). The internal dissen sions of this government present no jus thxation for the absence of effort to meet their solemn treaty obligations. The ratification ot an extradition treaty with .Nicaragua has been exchanged. it is a subject for conjriatulatkm tha' the great- emphe oi Brazil has taken the iniatory steps toward the abolition of slavery. Our relations with that empire, always cordial, will natuially be made more so by this act. It is not too much to hope that the government of Brazil may hereafter find it for its interests, as well as intrinsically right, to advauce to wards entire emancipation more rapidly than the present act contemplates. The true prosperity and greatness ot a nation is to be f und in the elevation and educa tion of its laborers. SLAVERY IN THE WEST INDIES. It is a subject for regret that the reforms in this direction, which wore voluntarily promised by the statesmen of Spain, have not been carried out in its West Indiana colonies. The laws and regulations lor the apparent abolition of slavery in Cuba and Porto Rico leave most of the laborers in bondage, with no hope of release until their lives become a burden to their cm clover. I desire to direct your attention to the fact that the citizens of the United States are large holders in foreign lauds of this damental law of their adnntrxl nonntrv - I recommend to Congress to provide bv strincent ltrt.slatinn . Kiiiialila r.i,...H,r against the holding, owning or dealing in slaves, or beinsr interested in kvr nmn. erty in foreign lands, either as owners, iiii. o ur iiiouigagers, Dy persons in tbe TUB CONDITION OF CTJBA-i-OUR RELA TIONS WITH SPAIN. It is to be regretted that the disturbed condition of t he island of Cuba continues to be a source of annovunra ami antiutn The existence of a protracted struggle in sucn uiose proximity to our own territory Without anna rent nmsnpcl. of an onrlv tr. mination, can not be other than an object of concern tti our ttertnlp wlio u-htl h. StttiniDr from interlerf lire jn t'u nrhtirM of other powers, naturally desire to see every- country in tne universe in. tue un disturbed enjoyment of peace, liberty and the blessino-A nf fn iiwtitntirin On. 0 - - . .......- .. ... HI Naval Commanders in Cubian ; waters nave been instructed, in case it should be come necessary, to spare no effort to pro tect the livpa snd nmnurtv hnn. A ., -J Mru UUC American citizens, and to maintain the dignity of the flag. It is hoped that all pending questions with Spain, growing out of the atiairs of Cuba, may be adjusted in the spirit of peace and of conciliation, which has hitherto guided the two pow ers in their treatment of such questions. OtJB DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH CHINA -. AND JAPAN. ,,; To give the importance, and to add to the efficiency of our diplomatic'relations with Japan and China, and the further re taining the good opinion of those people, and to secure to the United States its share of commerce destined to flow be tween those nations and the balance of the commercial world, I earnestly recom mend that an appropriation be made to support at least tour American youths in each of tne-te countries to serve as a part of the official family? of onr; Ministers there. Our representatives- would not even then be placed upon aneqialitv with the representatives of Great Britain and some other powers. As now situated, our representatives in Japan and China PLYMOUTH, MARSHALL COUNTY, IND., DECEMBER 14, 1871.. have to depend for interpreters and tran-1 siators unon natives of those countries ! who knowour language imperfectly, or procure for the occasion the services of employees in foreign business hours or the interpreters to othei foreign minis ters. I would also recommend liberal measures fcr the purpose of aiding the American liies of steamers now playing be' ween San Frsuclsco and Japan, China, and the Australian line at most, onr only remaining fines of ocean "steamers and of increasing their service. THE TARIFF AND REVENUE LAWS. The National debt has been reduced to the extent of eighty -six millions, til'ty seven thousand, one hundred and twenty six dollars and eighty cents during the year, aud by the negotiation of National bonds at a lower rate of interest, the in terest on the public debt has been so far diminished that now the sum to be raised for interest on that account is nearly $17, 000,000 less than on the 1st of Maich, ldaii. It was" highly desirable that this rapid dimunirion should take, place, b Ui to strengthen the the credit of tbe coun try and to convince its citizens of their entire ability to meet every dollar of the liability without uaukrupting them. But in view of the accomplishment of these desirable cuds, of the apid development of the resources of the country, its in creasing ability to meet the large de mands, and aud tbe amount already paid, it is not desirable that the present re sources of the country should continue to be taxed in order to continue this rapid payment. I therefore recommend a mod ification of both tariff and internal tax laws. 1 recommend that all taxes from internal sou.ces be abolished, except those on spirituous, vinous and malt liq uors, and tobacco in its various forms, and stamps. In readjusting the tariff, I suggest that a careful estimate 1-e made of the amount of surplus revenue collected under the present laws, after providing the current expeuces of the Government, the interest account, and a sinking fund, and that this surplus be reduced in s.ich a manner as to afford the greatest relief to the greatest number. There are many articles not produced at home, . such as medicine and aud compounded essences, from which very little revenue is derived, but which enter into general use All such articles 1 recommend to be placed on the free list. Should a further reduc tion piove advisable, 1 would recommend it to be made on these articles which can be touched without disturbing home pro duction or reducing the wages of Ameri can labor. 1 have not eniered into fig ures, because to do so would be to repeat that laid before you iu the report of the becretary of '.he Treasury. A NEEDED REFORM IN THE COLLECTION LAWS. The present laws for collecting the rev enue pay the Collectors of Customs small salaries, but provide for shares in all seizures which are made at the princi pal M)its of entry, particularly to raise the compensation of these alHcials to a large sunt. It has al ways seemed to me as though this system" must at times work pei nicously. it holds out an inducement to dishonest men, should such get pos session of these offices, to be lax in their scrutiny of goods entered, lo enable them filially to make a large seizure. Your aiteuiion ij respectfully invited to. this subject. A 'SPECIE BASIS. The contiuued fluctuations in the value of gold as compared with the national currency has a most damtioing effect upon the increase and development ol the coun- 1 try, iu keepiug up the prices of all articles necessary iu every day lite, it fosters a npitit of gambling in tbe national t.nan ces. If the question can be unit as t. 1 how to get a uxed value to our currency that value constantly and uniformly ap proaching ar with specie a very ilesim ble oujfct will be gained. ARMY MATTERS. For the operations of the army in the past year, the expense of maintaining it, ai.d the estimates for coniinueing the sea coast and other improvements, conducted under the supervision of the War Depart ment, I refer you to the accompanying report of the Secretary of War. 1 call your attention to the provisions of the act of Congress approved March :J. 1815J. which discontinues prominent staff corns oftliearmyir.mil provided for by law. 1 recommend ihat the number of officers in each grade of the staff corps be nxed, and that whenever ihe number iu any one atte tails oelow the number so nxed. that the vacancy may be filled by promo tion from tbe grade below. 1 "also rec ommend that w hciv the office of chief of corps liecomes vacant, the place may be tilled by selection - troiu the .corps in wliich the vacaucy exists. TUE N.VVY. The report of the Secretary of the Navy shows an improvement iu the number and efficiency of the naval force, without a material increase in the expose of sup porting it. - This is due to the policy w hich has been adopted, and is being ex tended as fast as our material will admit, of using smaller vessels as cruisers at the several stations. By these means we have been enabled to occupy at once a larger extent ot cruising ground, to visit more frequently the posts where the pres ence of our lia is desirable, and generally to discharge efficiently the appropriate duties of the navy in time nf peace, with out exceeding the number of men or the expenditures authorized by law. 'During the past year the navy has, in addition to its regular service, supplied the men and officers for the vessels of the Coast Sur vey; and has- Completed the surwys au thorized by Congress of the Isthmus of Darien and Tehuantepec ; and under their authority has sent out an expedition, completely furnished and eqnipited, to ex plore the unknown ocean of lire iNorth. The suggestions of the report as to the necessity of increasing and in proving the material of the Navy, and the plan rec ouiended for reducing the prrsonuel of the service to a peace standard, by the gradual abolition of certain grades of ofll cers, the reduction ot others, and the em ployment of some in the service of the commercial marine, are well consideieu and deserve the thoughtful attention til Congress. I also recommend that all promotions in the navy above Captain be by selection instead of by seniority. This course will secure in ihe? higher grades greater efficiency, and hold out an incentive to youug officers to improve themselves in the know ledge of -their pro fession. ?. i,V -- . . ., ........ The present cost of maintaining the navy, its cost as conjured with that of the pre seeding year, and the estimates for the ensueing year are contained in the accompanying report of the Secretary of tliA T a tt ' A , 4 J . j '? .' THE POSTOFFICE DEPARTMENT. .. . The enlarged receipts of tha Postofflce Department, 'as shown by the accompany ing report of the Postmaster General, ex hibits a gratifying increase in that branch of the public service, It is the index of. the growth of education and pros perity of the people two elements high ly conductive to the-vigor and stability of Republics. With a vast territory like ours, inuch'of it sparsely populated, but all requiring the services of the mail, it is not at present to be expected that this de partment can be made self sustaining; out a gradual approach to this end fiom year to year is confidently relied upon, and the day is not far distant when the Postofflce Department of the Government will prove a much greater blessing to the whole people than it Is now; ; l he suggestions ol tha Postmaster G"1- eral for improvements in the departnMit presided over by nim. are earnestlv tec - JonimendedtyoujBrjecialatlaentior, es- pecially the documents favorable to ihe consideration of the plan lor uniting tue teieonmh svstem of the United States with the pos at system. It is believed that by such a course the cost of tele graphing conld be much reduced, and the service well if not better rendered.- It would secure the further advantage of ex tending the telegraph through portions oftheeountry whete private enterprise will not construct it, to commerce, trade, and above all the efforts to bring a peo ple widely separated Into a community of interests, where all may be benefited by a rapid intercommunication. Education, the ground work of republican institutions, is encouraged by the increasing facilities to gather speedy uews from all parts of the country. Thedesire to reap the bene fit, of such improvements will stimulate education. 1 refer you to the report of the Postmaster General for full details ol the operations of latyear, and for compara tive statements of the results with for mer years. TUE RU-KLUX LAW. There has been imposed upon the Exe cutive bianch of tbe Government the ex ecution of the act of Congress, approved April so, 161 1, ana commonly Known as Ihe Ku-Klux law, in a portion of the btate of South Carolina. - The necessily ol the course pursued will be demonstra ted by the report ot the committee to in vestigate Sonthern outrages. Under the provisions of tbe act I issued a proclama tion, calling the attention of the people of the United States to tbe same, and de claring my reluctance to exercise any of the extraordinary Dowers thereby con ferred upon me except in case of impera tive necessity, but makiug known my pur, pose to exercise such powers whenever it should jcconie necessary to do so for the purpose of securing to all citizens of the United States a peaceful enjoyment of the rights guaranteed to them by the Cousti tulion and the laws. Alter the passage of the law, information was received that combiuations of the character referred to in this law, existed and were powerful in many parts of the Southern States, panic ularf in certain counties in the state of South Caioliua. Careful investigation was made, and it was ascertained that in nine counties of that State, such combi nations were active and powerf 1, embrac ing a stiflic.enl iwirtion of the citizens to control the local authority, and liavin among other things the object of depriv ing the emancipated class ot the substan tial benehts of freedom, and of preventing the free political action of these citizens w ho did not sympathize with, their own views. Among their operations were frc quent scouigings and occasional assassi nations, generally perpetrated at niuht by disguised persons, the victims in almost all cases being citizens of different politi cal sentiments from their own, or free lersons who had shown a disposition to claim equal rights with other citizens. Thousands of offensive aud well-disposed citizens were the sufferers by this lawless violence. 1 hereupon, on October 13, la71 a proclimation was issued, in the terms of the law, calling upon the members of the combinations to disperse within five days, and to deliver to the marshal or military officers ot the United States all arms, and dinmuilion, uniforms, di.-guises, and other means and implements used by them for tari j ing out their unlawful purpose. This w;,ruin- not h .ving been heeded, on the 17ih ol October another p:oclimation was issued susiending the prvilcge ol the writ of hubcas eorpttif in nine counties in that state. Direction was given that within i tie counties so oesignaicu, persons sup posed, opt n credible int rmation, to be members oi such unlawful combination should be arrested by the military forces of the United Stutes and delivered lo the Marshal to be dealt with according to law. In two of said counties, ork and Spin tansburg, many arrests have been made At the last account the number o: persons Ihus arrested ws 108. Severa iiunareu wnose criminality was found to be ot an interior degree were released for tbe present. These have genes ally made contessious of their guilt. Great caution has been exercised in making these nr- rsts, ana noi wiiiisianaing the large num ber, it is believed that no innocent iwrson is now in custody. The prisoners w ill be hell for trial iu the judicial tribunals oi .ue l nneii Elates, as soon, it Hp pears, as the authorities of the United States were about to take vigorus mens ures to enforce the law, many persons ab scouued, and there is good ground ibi supjvjsing that all of such persons Jiave violated lire law. A lull report of w hat has been done tinder this law will be sub muted to Congress by the Attorney Gen e.ut. - POLYGAMY PROSECUTIONS. In Utah there still remains a remnant of barbarism remignaiit to civilization, de cency and the laws ot the United States. Territorial officers, however, have been found w ho are willing to perform their duty iu a spirit of equity, and with a due sense of sustaining ihe majesty of the law. Neither polygamy nor any other violation of existing statutes will be per mitted within the territory of the United btates. It is not with the religion of the self styled saints that we are now dealiDg, but their practice?. Thev w ill be ;ro- tucted in the worship of God according to tiie dictates of their conscience, but they will not be permitted to violate the laws under the cloak of religion. It may be advisable for Congress to consider what, iu the execution of the laws against polygamy, is to be the status of the plu ral w irs and their olfspring. : The pro priety of Congress of passing an enabling act authorizing the territorial legislature of Utah to legitimatize all born prior to a time fixed iu the act, might be justified by its humanity to these innocent children. This is a suggestion only, and not a re commendation. ....... , . THE INDIAN POLICY. The policy pursued toward the Indians has resulted favorably, so far as can be judged from the limited time during w hich it has been in operation. Through the exertions of the societies of Christians to whom itJias been Intrusted, the ex ecution of tire policy of the Board of Com misstoners authorized by the law of April 10, 18o0, many tribes of Indians have been induced to settle on reservations, to culti vate the soil, to perform productive labor ol various kinds,- - and to partially accept civilization. They are being cared for in such a way, it is hord, as to induce those still pursuing their old habits of life to embrace the only opportunity which is left them to avoid extermination. 1 rec ommend liberal appropriations to carrv out the Indian peace policy, not only be cause it is human. Christian like, and eco nomical, but because it is right. I rec ommend to your favorable consideration, also, the polity of granting a territorial government to the Indians of the Indian Territory west of Arkansas and Missouri, and South of Kansas. In doing so every right guaranteed to the Indians by treaty should be secured.- Such a course wis lit be the means of collecting roost of the In dians now between the Missouri and the Pacific, and south of the British posses sions, into one territory or one State. The Secretary of the Interior has treated apon this subject at length, and I recom mend to you Ms suggestions. . - ' THE PUBLIC LANDS. ' I renew my recommendation that tbe public lands be regarded as a heritage to our children, to be disposed of only as re quired for occupation, and to actual set tlers. Those already granted have been in great part disposed of in such a way a to secure access to the balance by the uojuy neuter wno may wis u to avail mm- sell Ol them nnn eaiitsrtn thnnlri tua ovun. clsed in attaining so desirable an object, 1 Educaiional intereuta n,o n a by the grant of the proceeds of the sales of public lands to settlers. I do not wish to be understood as recommending, in the least degree, a curtailment of what is be ing done by the General government for the encouragement of education. TnE REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR submitted with this, will gVe you infor mation collected and Dre pared for publi cation, in regard to the census taken dur ing the year 18711, the orations oi tue Bureau of Education lor tue year, tne Patent Office, the Pension Office, the Land Office, and the Indian Bureau. TJIE REPORT OF TDK COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE gives the operations of his department for the vear. As agriculture is the ground work of our nrosoerity. too much impor tance cannot be attached to the labors of this department. It is in the hands of an able head with able assistants; all zeal ously devoted to introducing into the agricultural productions ol tne nation, an useful products adapted to any of the vari ous climates and soils of our vast terri tory, and to giving all useful information as to the method of cultivating tbe plants, cereals, and other products adapted to peculiar localities. Quietly but surely the Agricultural Bureau is working a great national good, and if liberally supported ihe more widely its influence will be ex tended, and the' less dependent we shall be upon the products of foreign coun ti ies. SALARIES OF BUREAU OFFICERS. The subject of compensation to heads of bureaus and officials holding positions of responsibility, and requiring ability and character to fill properly, is one to which yo ir attention is invited. But few of the officials receive a compensation equal to a respectable support ot lamily. while their duties are such as involve millions of in terest. In private life services demand compensation equal to services rendered ; a w ise economy would dictate the same rule in the Government. ESTIMATES. I have not given the estimates for the support of tiie government for the ensu ing year. There is no comparative state ment between the expenditures for the year just passed and the one just pre ceding, because all these figures are con tained in the accompany ing" reports or in those presented directly to Congress. The&e estimates have my approval. REMOVAL OF DISABILITIES. More than six years having elapsed since the last hostile gun was fired be tween the armies then arrayed against each other- one lor the perpetuation, and the other for the destruction, of the Union it. will be considered whether it is not now time that the disabilities imposed by the Fourteen h Auiemiment should be removed. I do not see the advantage or propriety of excludiug men from office merely because they were before the re bellion oi standing and character sum eient lo be elected to positions requiring mem to iaKe tne oatn to suppoit the Constitution, and admitting to eligibility niose entertaining precisely the same views, but of less standing in their com munities. It may be said that the former violated an oath w bile the latter did not. 1 he latter did not have it in their Dower to do so. If they had taken this oath it I can not be doubted that they would have broken it, as did the former class. If there are any great criminals distinguished above all others for the part they took in opposition to tbe government, they might, in the judgment of Congress, be excluded front such amnesty. This subject is sub mitted for your consideration. 1 he con dition of the southern btates is unhappily not good. Social obtracism for opinion's sake, erstual violence or threats towards persons entertaining political views op posed to those entertained by the majority of the old citizens, prevents immigration and the flow of much needed capital, into the States lately in rebellion. It will be a happy condition of the countiy w hen the old citizens of these States will take an interest in the public affairs, promulgate their ideas honestly entertained, vote for men representing their views, and permit the same freedom of expression and ballot in those cutcrtaiuinj different political convictions. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Under the provisions of the Act of Congress, approved February 21t, 1871, a Territorial Government was organized in the District of Columbia. Its resu.ls have tlms far fully realized the e.jecia tioas of its advocates. Under the direc tion of the Territorial officers a system of improvements has been inaugurated by means of w hich Washinyton Is becoming a city worthy of the Nation's Capital. The citizens of the District having voluntarily taxed themselves to a large amount for the purpose of contribu ting to the advancement of the seat of government, 1 recommend liberal appro priations on the part of Congress in or der that the Government mav ht-ar it just share of the expense of cart-vino- nut a judicious system ofimprovemeuts. y tue great tire in Chicago the most important of the Government buildings in that city were consumed. Those burned bud already become inadequate to the wants of the Government in that growing city, and looking to the near fu ture v ere totally inadequate. I recom mend, therefore, that an appropriation be made immediately to purchase the remain der of the square on which the destroyed buildings stood, provided it can be pur chased at a li;ir valuation, and provided tlm Legislature of Illinois will pass a law authonzing its condemnation for Gov ernment purposes, and also an appropria tion of as much money as can properly be expended towards the erection of new buildings during this gscal year. IMMIGRATION. The number of immigrants, ignorant of our laws, and coming into our countiy annually, has become so great, and the impositions practice4 upon them so num erous and flagrant, that I suggest Con gress'onal action for their protection. It seems to mc this is a fair subject of legis lation by Congress. 1 can not now state as lully as I desiie tie nature of tbe com plaints that aie made by emigrants of the treatir.tnt they receive, but will endeavor to do so timing the session of Congress, particularly if the subject should receive your attention.. . . , THE CIVIL 8ERVICB. It lias been the aim of the administra tion to enforce honesty and efficiency in all public offices." Every public servant w ho has violated the trust placed in him, has been proceeded against with all the vigor of the law. If bad men have re ceived places it has been the fault of the system established by law and custom for making appointments, or the fault of t hose w ho recommended for government potsi tions persons not sufficiently well know n to Jhem personally, or who give letters endowing the cha racter of office seekers without proper sense of the grave respon sibility which such a course devolves up on them. A civil service reform which can correct this abuse is much desired. In mercantile pursuits, the business man who gives a letter of recommendation to a friend to enable Mm to obtain credit from a stranger, is regarded as morally responsible for the integrity of his friend and his ability to meet Ms obligations. A reformatory law which wcnld enforce this principle against all endorsers of per sons for public places, would insure great er caution in making recommendations. A salutary lesson has been taught the careless and tbe dishonest servant in the great number t prosecutions and convia 1 tls.no th lo-t I, .:-. j ing to notice the favorable change that is , bringing to punishment those who We Vol. XVI No. proved recreant to the trust confided to them, and in elevating to public office; none but t!oae who possess the confidents of the honest virtuous who, it will al ways be found, comprise the majority ol the community in which they live. In my message to Congress one year ago, I urgently recommended a reform in the civil service of the country. Iu con formity w ith that recommendation Con gress, in the 9th section of an act making appropriations for sundry civil expenses vi uib jruvetiiiuem, ana ior other punv) ses, approved March Sd, 1671, gave the necessary authority to the executive to inaugurate civil service reform, and placed upon him the responsibility of do ing so. Under the authoritv of said law 1 convened a Board of gentlemen emi nently qualified for the work, to devise rules and regulations to effect the needed reform. Their labors are not complete but it is believed that thev will siu-n-mi iu devising a plan which can lie adopted to the great relief of the Executive the heads of departments, and members of Congress, and which will redound to tbe true interests ol the public service At all events Ihe experiment shall have a fair trial. I have thus hastily summed un the operations of the Government during the past year, and made sueh suggestions as occur to me to be proper for vour con sideration, l submit them with a confi dence that your combined action will be wise, statesmanlike, and in the best infer. est of the whole countrv. U. S. GRANT, Presldeut of the United States. Washington, December 4, 1871. Fur tha Republican. MY ROOM MATE. BY BELL LEE. Your old friend, Alice Frazier, died at the Asylum on the evening of the 16th of April." This was all there was telling me of the death of her whom I loved so fondly. Only a few simple words, but they con tained a vast amount of sorrow, as well as joy. Sorrow for the living aud for the past, as connected with her to w hom the sentence referred and yet joyfully I felt when I read it, and remembered the doc tor's words, " beyond all hope of recov ery." At the age of sixteen I entered a f-malc Institute, in one of the New England States, aud there met Alice Frazier. I remember so distinctly the. words of a schoolmate : " It is like uniting right and morning to make room mates of Bell and ' Alice ; ' a remark which was truthful to the last degree, for Alice was a bright, sparkling girl, with a fact;, a form, with hair and eyes, that were divine, while her voice was sweeter to me than tbe perfume of roses, and when I was tired and weary with my day's tasks, I would throw my self upon our couch, w hile Alice w ould tell me of ber far away southern home, of her brothers and sisters, and the beauties witti which thev were surrounded nnrl I w ould more than half imagine I could j uear me orooK oubbjing over us pebbled bottom the mocking birds singing in tbe boughs of the grand old magnolia trees that I could see the servants to whom she was so foncl'y attached, gathering around w iu tuut vlki mess ye, lioney, as she took her departure from them, and came north to be an inmate of Mrs. B 's school. I had been reared in one of the plainest homes on the western prairie, with no thought of aught else than that of beinr able to cipher through fractions, and of! bIc mht takinir the nt-emium nt tin- mimiv r.,; She had my agricultural wreath. I never had a female friend, for my mother died while I was yet too young to know what sorrow was, and sisters, God gave me none. My step mother was a maid of live aud thirty when she wedded my father, and by her hand was I mared. She low "sleeps the deep that knows no waking," and I sin ce.ely thank her lor all her kindness to me, for she, no doubt, governed mc ac cording to her conscience. It is not sur prising that I should represent night, hav ing been reared in the strictest manner by one of the strongest miuded women it was ever my misfortune to meet; and when there came to our home an uncle , of my mother's requesting my father to send me to Mrs. B 's school, kindly offering to meet all expenses, I crept away to my lit-1 tie room and cried. Ies, I was afraid to go out in the world so far from familiar scenes and meet strange faces. After much promising aud persuading, I con sented to accompany my uucle to the east. Arriving at our destination, one beautiful evening, just as the sun was sinking away behind the hills, I met on the piazza, the lady who was to assume the very respon sible duty of mother towards me, aud who was to mould my miud and character for future usefulness. I remember the smile of welcome she gave mc, which said far more than words, as she took my hands iu hers, and kissed me so fondly. Turning to a party of girls she introduced me to all, kindly requesting them to en tertain me for a few moments while she conversed with my uncle. In a short time we proceeded to my room, and Alice Frazier was presented to me as my room mate. How bew itching she looked in her pure muslin dress, with her hair hanging in ringlets over her shoulders, and how lovely she seemed, when she put ber arm about me and said " you are so welcome" From that moment I could not help lov ing this "queen of beauty." Days came and went, and I became more fondly at tached to my room mate with each suc ceeding one. Our friendship ripened in to love, ' and each knew the other's thoughts. Alice slept with ber head up on my shoulder, and her arms about ray neck, and in this position I have so often j heard her plans for the future, and of the glittering air castles she was constantly erecting. What a happy faculty she pos sessed of charming me into partaking of those sweet thoughts with her. There is nothing in tMs world so pure that sin and corruption can not penetrate It. True it may be in thoughts and minute particles, but mind and substance is always more o r less polluted. Ever since the day that Eve was tempted, there have been ten serpents in human' form to every Eden. These halcyon days were not to last for ever, and they came, to a close very sud denly, on the occasion of a public eii'er tainment given at our Institute. ; Through some means, Alice was introduced to a foreign looking individual bearing the name of M. De Haven, and before she slept I knew the was ttroagly infatuated by him. Notes came and went from Alice to M. De Havefl through, every concetva- ble secret service-At last there were stolen interviews, counseled with my friend concerning such proceedings, but . she would only throw her arms about my neck and then slip away to meet her lover in some secluded spot. I eould not -help entertaining a cordial hatred for tM man, but I could not wonnd the feelings of my friend by telling her so. I fancied something would occur to prevent their marrying, and I knew if Mrs. R , be came acquainted wi'ii the facta, Alice would be sent home in disgrace. There fore. I kept the secret in my heart, and oh I how many times since have I cursed myself for so doing, for liad I exposed Alice, she might nave enjoyed her days aud been an ornament to home and so ciety. One evening early iu the fall, I strolled out on . the lawn, and this time farther than I was in the habit of goinff to a shady nook and sat down on a huge rock. Overhead the birds were twitter ing their "good night" among the golden branches of the maple ; while above, be neath and around me, was to be seen the finger touches of the first frost. I sat here dreaming when presently I heard voices and could distinguish words, and afraid to leave my retreat, I crouched down behind the rock and listened. "I confess to liking the child, Herman ; but w ould not marry her if I did not tWnk I would get a good pile of the old man's money. Oh ! the old folks will forgive her, and if we went south, perhaps the. wedding would be delayed, and those confounded debts of mine must be. piiid and this is the best chanee I see at present." The , footsteps and voices were lost in the distance, and I ran froin my hiding place . to find Alice and tell her all for the voice was none other than that of De Haven's and my little friend was going to lay her heart at the feet of this man to be trampled and crushed beneath the dust. Alice had gone for a walk the matron said aud .vould return in a few moments, but dark came and no Alice, Mrs. B became alarmed and sent messengers in search of her. Nine o'clock came and a rap at our door aroused me, they had brought Alice pale and insensible to our room. Her hair was matted about her neck with the crimson blood which ooxed from a wound at the side of her head. The men who brought her said they found her on the river bank where they went to fish and recognized her, having seen her but a few days previous, they hav ing rowed a party across the river on the occasion of apicuic given by our teachers. M. De Haven was lying near her having a broken limb and a bad cut on the head. The poor child received the best of modi- cal care and uursing, Rnd her parents were telghaphed for stating that Alice was quite ill. In the course of time a brotlier-inlaw arrived Waring the intelli gence that through some unfortunate speculations the father of Alice had In come a bankrupt, the eveut pros' rat inir ! both father and mother with a severe fe ver, and the real cause of my frieud's ill ness not being known it was considered best for the brother-iu-:aw to coins and. accomnanv her home Day after day we watched by the bed- ! side ol the poor unfortunate girl. In her delirium she talked of M. De Haven iu the fondest and most endearing manner. finally a change came aud with the ' change her mind was restored, and in the coarse of time she was able to be carried to the parlor, where one evening she re lated in the presence of 31 rs. B., her brother-in-law and myself, all concerning her accident ; a part of which wc had known before, enough to tell us how near she came to meeting death on that terri- left the school to meet her lover in a secluded spot, and go with him to a magistrate and be married. Every thing had been arranged and as soon as they were united they were going to her home and seek her parents pai ion. A carriage was in waiting and they started on their fatal journey winding along the banks of the river admiring the beautiful scenery and making plans for the future not dreaming that aught else than happi ness and a speedy union was in waiting for them w hen something s.t the road side frightened thair horses; they be came unmanageble, then she saw a sud den curve in the road at the top of a high hill, and this was all she knew. M. De Haven was taken to a farm house, aud previous to the convalescence of Alice left, the country. As soon as site could trove. my beautiful friend went to her home in the south, aud only once afterwards did I hear from aer. In the spring following the war broke forth and I lost all traces of her. Two years since I was travelling thro' the Southern states, and while on board a steamer bound from Mobile to Tusca loosa, we stopped at a landing and an in sane woman was put on board. I at once recognized in her guardian, the, brother-in-law of Alice, and hastened to make my self known to him. With tears in his eyes he pointed to the insane woman, "Do you know who this is?" he said. I remarked that I did not, but asked again, "Where is Alice?" You may imagine my feelings when he told me this maniac was my once beautiful firiend my little school mate who had slept so many nights with her arms about my neck, and now I dare not approach her. I learned that her head had been seriously in jured, in the fall she had received on tbat dreadful night, and when she learned that the man she loved had deserted her, with the death of - her mother, the loss of their nrnrtArnr . all .nrnKlnAj t ... . j 1 - , w vvuiuiucu, ujougii on a brain fever, and though life was left, her reason had flown. . Her father had died but a few months previous, and Alice had been growing worse until tbe could no longer be controlled. j . ... When we arrived at Tuscaloosa, I ac companied my friend to the asvlum tor mc (tuipuscui learning wnat-tnepnvsician thought concerning her, and these were his words "beyond all hope of recovery." Ienlisted the sympathies of a lady residing near the asylum in behalf of Alice, and iu a letter received a short time since, there was added this P. S. "your old friend, Alice Frazier. died at the asylum on the evening of the ICth of ApriL' To the Suffering. The Rev. Wil liam H. Norton, wMle residing in Brazil s Missionary, discovered in that land 4 medicines .a remedy for Consumption SCH0FULA,SORE ThBOAT.CoUGHS, CoLDs! Asthma, and Nervous Weakness. 1 his remedy has cured myself, after all other medicines had failed. Wishing to benefit lie suffering, I will send the receipt for preparing nod using tins remedy to all who desireit, Free e-r Charge Please send an envelope, with your name and address on it. Address, Rev. William Norton, 678 Broadway, New York City. .