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Marshall County Republican. (Plymouth, Ind.) 1856-1878, April 25, 1872, Image 6

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of . lie husbands of J
Dr., woodbwm.,' one
"Victoria C. "Woodhull, died in New York on
8unday night, from the effects of morphine
and whisky A break has occurred in the
Delaware and Hudson canal 2J miles above
Lock No. 81, on the Neversink. The break
is 50 feet lone and 16 feet below the canal
level. It is estimated that it will take at
least ten days to repair the damages.
A tbbriwh railroad: disaster occurred on
"Wednesday morning on the New Jersey
Midland railroad. The train leaving Pat
erson for Hackensack, at 8 a. m., was passing
over the saddle river bridge, two ana a half
miles above Hackensack, when the structure
suddenly gave way, hurling the train into
the water below. John P.. Doremus, brake
man, was instantly killed, the baggage
master, name unknown, had one of h-s legs
broken, and a passenger was injured in a
Eimilar manner. David Blauvelt, conductor,
was badly bruised about the head, and is in
a precarious condition. Isaac Wortendy,
Prebate Judge -of Bergen county, was ter
ribly injured. Twenty-five or thirty pas
sengers were taken from the wreck in a
more or less injured condition. Had the
water in the river been at the usual depth,
none of the passengers could have escaped.
Mullen, Parker 4 Co.'s paper mill at
Carlisle, Pa., was destroyed by fire on
"Wednesday morning. The fire was acci
dental. Loss $45,000 ; insured for $30,000
Thm TlTiinn Hotel, of Saratoga, was sold at
miction on Tuesdav. to an aeent of A. T
Stewart, for $535.000 Two colonies from
Pennsylvania, numbering 300 families, left
AUentown on Wednesday ior nomes in mus
sel county, Kansas A fire at Oil City, Pa.,
nn WnHnpsHav morniner destroved the Gait
House, the Benn House, Fisher's large tank,
the Model Refining Company's tan, ana a
larse school house, the loss is about $25,000.
Th fire engines were burned, but others
were sent from Titusville and Franklin
The whole city was in danger at one time,
and a high wind was prevailing.
Thb tug-boat Davenport was blown to
atoms Thursday morning by a boiler explo-
ainn at Jeraev Citv. instantly killine six of
her crew. Scarcely a fragment of the tug
was to be seen after the explosion, both the
boat and -victims being literally obliterated.
A. blind man, named Richard Cain,af-
ter making his way alone through a New
York store for many years, fell through a
hatchway on "Wednesday afternoon, and was
instantly killed A locomotive attached to
a freight train on the Boston and Albany
railroad exploded on Wednesday at Grant
ville, Mass. J. W. Stoughton, fireman, was
scalded and has since died. Michael Man
noy, a brakeman, will probably die from
scalding The wool and packing establish
ment of Hitchcock & Freese, Jersey City,
as damaged by fire on Thursday morning
to the extent of $30,000.
Ohlt one cf the killed by the explosion of
the tug Davenport, at New York on Thurs
day, John Caulfield, has been recovered.
Efforts are being made for tne recovery of
the remaining nve. Tne .uavenport was
known to be an utterly worthless craft. Tae
explosion is attributed to a lack of water in
the boiler, owing to the neglicence of the
engineer and fireman, who wre witnessing
a dog-fight on one of the barges A com
mittee of the Georgia Legislature has com
menced an investigation at New York into
the financial acts of ex-Governor Buljock.
A Halifax (N. &) dispatch of the 12th
says: "A rainstorm . is producing heavy
freshets, which have done great damage to
roads, bridges, and lumber throughout Nova
Scotia. The Western railway track, near
Windsor, is eight feet under water."
A fire at Ayer, Mass., on Saturday night,
destroyed the entire business portion of the
tewn, and also a number of residences.
Less estimatel at . $200,004 ; insured for
about $J,000! ..The first Charleston straw
berries sold in New York on Saturday at
$2.50(5,3 per quart A fire at Pottsville,
Pa., on Saturday, destroyed ten' tenement
buildings. Loss, $15,000 Lieutenant A.
Mahoney, of the Fourteenth Infantry,
dropped dead, on Friday evening at the
American House, Boston The Metropol
itan Paper Collar Factory, New York, was
V.urned on Saturday night. Loss, $175,000.
Five hundred girls are thrown out of em
ployment. Bexjamis Tillisger, a young German, was
crushed into. an. unrecognizable mass on
Monday between two cars on the Cleveland
and Pittsburg Railroad..... .The" Grand Jury
of Philadelphia has indicted Charles A.
Dana for the libel of ex-State Treasurer
Kemble, in an article in the New York Sun,
relative to the .hvans fraud.
Thb school building and boarding house
of "Millis, at South "Williamstown,
Mass.;-was burned on Sunday afternoon.
Loss $15,000 ; insurance $12,000 Leonard
F. Fowler, a well-known Western counter
feiter, was arrested in New York on Tues
day while engaged in negotiating a' quantity
of $10 'and. $20 bills on the Poughkeepsie
National bank. - He -wes held in $10,000
Tho "West.
Cs the ssorning of April 6, a "terrible tor
nado visited the vicinity of Newton, Jaspar
county, 111., unroofing barns, demolishing
houses and forests, and destroying life. The
house of one Ezra Mehaney was demolished,
and Mrs. Mehaney killed. This was eight
miles soutwest of Newton. One mile far
ther it struck the house of James Reed, de
molished it, killing Mr. Pope, Miss Little,
and Mr. Pope's father-in-law, and wounding
seven others. Two miles further on its dev
astation ceased.
D. "Wooster, surgeon of the United States
Marine Hospital at Ban Francisco, is sued
for $30,000 by a patient for alleged malprac
tice Letters from Lone Pine, Cal., say
that the whole of Owens Valley has sunk
fourteen feet. Over seven thousand shocks
have occurred to date, and still continue,
but not of sufficient force to do damage.
tHE tteamer Oceanus,. from Red River taf
St. Louis, when near Brook's "Point, thirty
miles above Cairo, at 4 o'clock on Thursday
morning" exploded' her boiler, blowing ' her
upper-works almost entirely away, immedi
ately after which the wreck took fire, burn
ing to the water's edge. There were about
forty cabin and thirty-five deck passengers,
which vma the crew maae a total ot nearly
onehundred souls, about sixty -of whom are
supposed to be lost A fire at Kalamazoo,
Mich., on Wednesday destroyed five build-ingsrelonging-to
N. B. Wager,, and George
Goi 5 The Iconlenta - were mostly saved.
Loss $10,000. ."A piece of stone cornice" on
the. State National Bank building, in St.
Louis,' feil ob , Thursday and struck J. S.
"Warner1, an old and respected oitixea, on the
head, killing him instantly The earth
quake shocks in Inyo county, Cal., continue,
with tonal reports, as of cannon, proceeding
from the summit ot Mount Breckinridge.
Sfrijjd. -the first Bhock, which .was felt from
Oregon ta.Ceutral America, the disturbance
has been purely local, and not felt west of
the, pipyaNeadas, or out of Inyocounty.
MkJ Joh Bbcpf) aW old and wealthy cihV
sen of Morgan county, 111., fell dead in his
house on Thursday morning while convers
ing with some friends. Supposed cause of
death is apoplexy Mr. John Paradise,
one of the proprietors of the Sentinel, Jack
sonville, I1L, had an arm badly broken on
Friday by Being caught in the machinery
of a job printing press Professor Faber,
with his wonderful "Talking Machine,"
has arrived in Chicago John C. Lang,
while assisting in the erection of the tewer
of the new Sangerfest building in St. Louis
on Friday afternoon, fell a distance of 64
feet and was killed. John F. Carr was also
severely injured.... On Thursday afternoon
.Isaac Prica and .Milton H. Seward ; were
drowned tovr mnes oeiow ot. jusujiu, niu.,
bv the unsettine of their
boat while
crossing the Missouri river..... .There
were two terrific snow-slides at Little Cot
tonwood Mine, Utah, on Friday. Eight
men were carried away in the avalanche.
One was lost, and the others were rescued
after almost incredible exertions. There is
great fear of further slides.
Geokgc D. Ormir, Revenue Collector of
the Fifth District of Missouri, is accused ot
defalcation, and a suit has been commenced
against him and his securities for $10U,uuu
j The Kadlora iiouse ana eievamr n
Warreneburc. Mo., was burned on Saturday.
The elevator contained fifty thousand bush
els of grain. Loss, $100,000 John Lay, a
brakeman, on the Missouri Pacific Railroad,
was crushed to death at Laclede on Saturday
between two construction trains Dr.
Wm. Hewer, an English miser, aged b-i
years, long a noted character of San Fran
cisco, was lately found dead in his room on
a pile of rags. Evidence of his owning
twelve thousand pounds in the English
funds was found in the room.
Whilb chopping wood near Napoleon, O.,
on Monday, Thomas Palmer was struck by
tree and instantly killed. He was
a single man about 21 years old A man
by tbe name of Marcus Combs, at Exeter,
111., on Sunday stabbed Nicholas Heigh, a
saloon-keeper, inflicting a ghastly but not
fstal wound. Combs thinking he had killed
Nicholas, and fearing the retaliation of the
law, repaired to . his room and suicided by
taking morphine On Sunday, at Red
Bluff, Cal., one Pearce shot through the
window of a house of ill-fame, and killed
Nellie Brooks, and wounded the man with
her, named Perkins, who iu turn shotPearcer
dead and was arrested In Chicago oa
Monday morning J. F. Johnson, a workman
in Richards' planing mill, was instantly
killed by being caught by a belt and drawn
around a rapidly revolving shaft. Both
arms were torn from the body and he was
otherwise horribly mutilated.
The Farwell block, Chicago, occupied by
J. V. Farwell k Co. and Henry W. King &
Co., wholesale dry good3, was damaged by
crht to the extent of
$10,000. Loss to stocks by fire and water
nmhahlv Sin nnn At Cleveland. Ohio, on
Tiipsdav evenintr. the livery stable of Wall
Sc Co., the flour and feed store of Low fc Gale
and two barns, were destroyod by fire.
Seven horses, two mules, and five buggies
were Durnea. ijosb siu.uuu. uxv iuomuc.
The trial of Chas. Wallor, for the mur
der of Henrv Taylor, both colored men, in
Cairo, 111., last October, resulted in the con
viction and sentence of Wallor to ninety
nine vears in the Penitentiary Jeremiah
Coller, an old man who was convicted at St.
Louis two weeks ago for killing his wife last
November, is to be hanged A glycerine
still in the establishment of Schneider k
Co., Chicago, exploded on Monday night,
killing Henry Hanfield, who was in charge
The South.
"William Mardis, a farmer, aged 70, near
Saloma, Taylor county, Ky., was killed by
lightning on Monday. The bolt came
through the roof and passed down his body
from hend to foot..... .At Frankfort, Ky., on
Monday, durine .he storm, lightning struck
the house of a man named Martin, killing
hia child, and seriously iniurine his wilo.
Much damage was done in that vicinity by
the great rise in the streams, washing away
saw mills and bridges.
ATWilmingto.,, N. C, Calvin Oxendine
the last of the Lowery gang in custody, was
acquitted on Friday of the murder of Sheriff
-rr-z. , -I : J. J. 1. .. . : . . :
mony was believed to he perjurec.
J. D. Lickerd, proprietor of the largesaw-
mill on the river above Columbus, Ky., was
drowned on Monday morning by the over
turning of a canoe in the breakwater near
the mill A desperate attempt was made
by a mob of twenty-seven disguised men on
Thursday morning, to capture the jail at
Clinton. Hickman county, Ky. The jailor
resisted, and the citizens gathering drove
the mob off. A murderer, named Cunning'
ham, is confined there, and two men ch&rged
with rape. The mob asserted that they
wanted to lvnch the latter, but the citizen
believe they were confederates of Cunning'
ham seeking to release him.
The International Typographical Union
meets on the 3d of June, in the hall of the
House of Delegates, in Richmond, Va. Th
Exchange Hotel is selected as the head
Quarters of the delegates, and arrangements
are being made for the proper reception of
the members of theUnion.
"TT- ' VVaahii! gto n.
The Secretary of the Treasury transmitted
a bill to the House on "Wednesday with rec
ommendations that it pass, providing for the
appropriation of $61,164 to reimburse Treas
urer Spinner for losses incurred by embezile-
ment, etc. ... .. ;
The President has signed the act granting
right of way through the public lands for
the construction of ' a railroad from Great
Salt Lake to Portland, Oregon. .....Th
House Judiciary Committee is engaged upon
a bill providing lor the election ot postmas
ters The first of the new Civil Service
rules, whica are now being prepared by the
Commissioners, will provide that, hereafter
fidelity to the Union shall be a prerequisite
to any appointment to omce.
Maj. J. W. Powell was before the House
Committee on Appropriations on Tuesday,
asking for an additional appropriation to
continue the exploration of the Colorado
river. The committee after hearing a state
ment relative to the value of these re
searches, agreed to allow $20,000 for this
summer's work Senators Chandler and
Terry appeared before Secretary Boutwell
on Tuesday thoroughly demoralized over
the report that the Chicago Relief bill ad
mitted manufactured lumber, such as doors,
blinds, etc , free of duty, and only excluded
raw lumber. The Secretary informed them
that the question was without precedent,
but such was his opinion, that articles
which entered into buildings and were not
known as raw lumber could be admitted
free. Still, as the question was a new and
important one, he was willing to hear argu
ment before finally deciding. So there is to
be an argument... ...Secretary Fisii has in
structed our Consul at Bucharest to remon
strate against the outrages committed on
Israelites in Ronmania On Saturday last,
the District Court rendered a verdict of
$10,000 against the " Ohio and Baltimore
Railroad Company, and in favor of Junes
Starkweather, of Romeo, Mich. This suit
was for damages for negligence on the
part of the employes of the road, whereby
the wife of, Mr. Starkweather was killed,
' Soy. 18, 1868. U l - r .f J j J. f
A Lokbok letter says that the object, of the
visit of the Queen of Germany, though os
tensibly to see her half-sister, the Princess
Hohenhohe Langeberg, is really to hush np
a' scandal which threatens the royal family.
The story is that Prince Teck, son of Prince
Alexander, of Wurtemburg.Jiaa been ac
companied in his late travels by a well-
known London actress, and that the Princess
Teck, the Princess Mary of Cambridge, who j
won Ksw I n 1 anI wVia !fl tViiii trao va rKa
naa uJi ia au -' uu n uw id iv ut j vui a uv
senior of her husband, was so enraged
thereby that she was about to apply for a
divorce, to prevent which her Majesty went
to Baden The Pope has refused to receive
a sum of money offered him by the Italian
Government. In declining the gift, he de
clared that when it became necessary for
him to accept alms as a means of subsist
ence, he would only receive them from the
Catholic world Mount Vesuvius is again
in a state of violent eruption. A column of
flame shoots several hundred feet above the
crater, and stones, ashes and cinders fall in
dense showers around the summit. TouriBts
are hastening to Naples to witness the spec
tacle Additional particulars of the re
cent dreadful earthquakes at Antioch repre
sent that the River Orontos rose and swept
over the lower portion of the city. The two
bridges across the river were carried away,
and great portions of the city walls were
thrown down. Assistance is rapidly being
sent from the adjacent cities to the scene of
the disaster.
The Anchor line steamship Dacian, with
a cargo valued at over half a million of dol
lars, from London for Halifax and St. John,
went ashore on Tuesday morning on flint
rocks, Clam Harbor, about forty-five miles
from Halifax. The crew, passengers and
art of the cargo were saved. The vessel is
total loss A Paris dispath to the .London
Times says that Thiers has abolished the
passport system. Henceforth travelers will
be registered at the tronuers. no lax win
bo levied therefor, nor will they be subjected
to the scrutiny of the civil officers while in
the country The claimant of the Tich-
borne estates appeared in the court on
Wednesday and pleaded not guilty to the in
dictment against him. A writ of certiorari
was issued removing the case to the Court of
the Queen's bench, where the prisoner will
be tried in June. Meanwhile, he is re-com
mitted to Newgate Forty-seven thousand
women of Alsace and Lorraine have ad
dressed a petition to Bismarck, in which
thy ask that their fathers and sons may be
exempt from service in the German army
lor a few years.
Arthur O'Connor, the assailant of Queen
"Victoria, has been sentenced to a year's im
prisonment at hard labor and twenty
lashes The French Trans-Atlantic Tele
graph Company has! concluded a contract
with the Telegraph Maintenance ana con
struction Company, for the laying of the
fourth line of telegraphic cable Detween
Europe and America In the House of
Commons on Wednesday John Bright took
his seat for the firBt time since his protract
ed illness The bark Andaman, of Bath,
Me., foundered at eea on the 13th nit., and
seven of the crw were lost A revolution
has broken out in St. Marie, Hayti. The
troops were massacreing the insurgents by
The London Times of the 13th, in an ar
ticle on the Alabama claims controversy,
savs that the British Government will de-
iver its counter case at Geneva on the 15th
of this month, but will not regard this act
as prejudicial to its position of opposition to
the American clfiini lor indirect aamag-es.
It the United States shall not, before the
tribunal is ready with its award, have
abandoned the claim for consequential dam
ages, then ureal Britain win witnuraw
her ratification ot the Treaty ot Washing
Miss Nellie Grant, daughter of President
Grant, arrived at Liverpool on Saturday, and
was received by Mr. Dudley, American con
sul. Miss Grant proceeds to London A
fire on Saturday night at Appen Station, on
the Great Western Railroad, 25 miles west
of London, C. W., destroyed all the station
buildings and contents, with considerable
wood and other outside property. Loss, sev
eral thousand dollars.
The Board of Arbitration at Geneva, on
Monday, under the Treaty of "Washington
assembled and held a brief session. The
counter cases of the British and American
Governments were presented and the board
adjourned A Dublin letter to the .Loudon
Times si ys that the emissaries ol the inter
nationals who made a descent on the Irish
coast at Dublin and Cork, with the view of
establishing branches in that island, met
with a more discouraging reception in the
former city than in the latter, ihough a
small branch had been actually formed in
Dublin some little time ago, it was afterward
impossible to convene it, and even when an
attempt at an assemblage was made, those
who were in attendance avowed their pur
pose of repudiating th'ir hellish association.
The caller of the meeting did not put in an
appearance The French squadron is pre
paring tn bombard Tomatar, on the east
cast of Madagascar, on account of the ill
treatment of the French residents by the
A shoemaker named Nichols, who resided
with his family on Maiden Hill, a suburb
of London, on Monday night murdered all
his children, four in number, and then
committed suicide. It is not known what
prompted the man to commit this terrible
act, though it is believed he was insane ,
Thiers has written to KingAmadeus declar
ing that no power, not excepting Italy, is
more interested than France in the con
solidation of the dynastic institutions of
Proceedings in Congress.
In the Senate on Tuesday, April 9,
Mr. Cragin presented a remonstrance of
citizens of New Hampshire against the re
newal of the patent for the Wilson Bewing
machine Mr. "Windom offered a reso
lution directing the Secretary of "War to
communicate to the Senate such informa
tion as the department may possess respect
ing the eanal and dyke at Duluth, Minn.,
and their effect on the harbor of Superior
City. 'Adopted The following bills, re
ported from the Military Committee, were
passed : To provide that minors shall not
be enlisted in the military service without
the written consent of parents or guardians;
to provide Superintendents for National
Cemeteries ; declaring lands of the Fort
Collins military reservation, in Colorado,
subject to pre-emption and homestead entry;
authorizing the Secretary of War to pay
certificates issued for fortification purposes
at Lawrence, Kan. ; to reduce the 1'mits of
the military reservation at Fort Stanton,
New Mexico ; to extend tbe time for filing
claims for additional bounty until January
30, 1873, and providing that all claims filed
after the 13th of January, 1871, shall be
deemed to have been filed in time; to pro
vide for the payment of women nurses
during the war ; directing the Secretary of
War to audit and pay the claims of certain
citizens of Glasgow, Mo., for losses by the
burning of the government stores in Glas
gow, in 1864, to prevent them- from falling
ing into tbe hands of the enemy; provid
ing that soldiers who enlisted prior to July
22, 1861, and were mustered imo any regi
ment, company, or battery, which was ac
cepted by the War Department, shall be
paid the full bounty of $100 ; te prevent de
sertion and elevate the condition of the
army; establishing a system of deposits,
which provides that Paymasters receiving
deposits shall give bonds and account for
the same as of public money; to pay certain
Nevada and California volunteers The
bill from the House directing the payment
of $190,000 to the officers and sailors of the
Kearsarge was passed...... After a short exe
cutive session the Senate adjourned.
In the House on the same day, Mr. Hill,
from the Post Office Committee, reported
the bill for the use of correspondence or
postal cards to be used in United States
mails. The bill authorizes and directs the
Postmaster General to lurnish to the public,
at a cost of one cent each, including postage,
open correspondence or postal cards of good
jtiff paper wiih postal stamps thereon, the
cards not to exceed 3 by 6J inches, the face
to be used exclusively for address and the
reverse side for communication. All cards
containing vulgar or obscene or scurrilous
matter to be excluded from the mails, and
the sender thereof to be punished by fine
and imprisonment. Mr. Randall moved an
additional section, which was carried, re
quiring the Postmaster General to advertise
for proposals for furni-hing the cards and
to give tbe contract to the lowest bidder.
Mr. Potter moved an amendment requiring
the card to be furnished with a flap or cover,
and spoke in support of his motion, which
was finally adopted, and the bill as amended
was passed Mr. Perry, ot Ohio,
from the Select Committee on Elections,
made a report on the Indiana contested
election case, with a resolution that J. M.
"Wilson, the sitting member, is entitled to
the seat. Ordered printed The Coinage
bill was discussed until adjournment.
In the Senate on Wednesday, April
10, Mr. Sumner presented the resolutions of
the Massachusetts Legislature in regard to
the French spoliation claims, which were
ordered printed Mr. Howe, from Com
mittee en Public Lands, reported a bill for
the relief of homestead settlers in Minne
sota, Wisconsin, and Michigan who suffered
bv the fire last autumn, rassed. The bill
provides that tbe settlers who were affected
by the hres shall have one year'B time in
which to rebuild, and that this time Bhall
be deducted from the five years residence
required by law The Indian Appropria
tion bill was paSBed Adjourned.
In the House on the same day Mr. Hill,
from the Postoffice Committee, reported a
bill abolishing the franking privilege from
and after the 1st of July, 1873, and pro
ceeded to address the House in advocacy of
it. After considerable discussion the bill
was finally recommitted, which is considered
equivalent to its defeat Mr. McCrary,
Irom the Uommittee on Elections, made an
adverse report on the petition of certain
voters to take testimony in the Ohio con
tested election case of Schenck against
Campbell. Laid on the table The House
went into Committee of the Whole on the
Senate amendment to the Legislative, Execu
tive and Judicial Appropriation bill. There
was a long discussion on the question of ap'
propriating $50,000 for the expenses of the
civil service reform system. The debate was
generally adverse to the proposed reform
Belore reaching a vote, the committee arose
and the liouso adjourned.
In the Senate on Thursday, April 11,
Mr. Davis (W. Va.) presented a resolution
of the West Virginia Constitutional Conven
tion in favor of the immediate removal of
all political disabilities in that State Mr.
Edmunds, from the Committee on Pensions,
reported adversely to the bill granting a
pension of $2,000 a year to the widow of
Admiral Farragut Messrs. Howe, Ham
lin and Stevenson were appointed a second
Committee of Conference on the Bayfield
and St. Croix Railroad bill The Consular
and Diplomatic Appropriation bill was
taken np. An amendment was adopted pro
viding that no allowance shall be made to
any consular or diplomatic officer afte' the
termination of hii official functions, other
than for the time necessarily used in his di
rect return to the United States. On motion
of Mr. Stewart, an amendment was adopted
making the Interpreter ol the American .Le
gation in Japan alse Secretary of Legation,
and giving him an additional compensation
of $2,500 per annum. The bill then passed.
In the House on the same day, on motion
of Mr. Wilson, of the Committee on Agri
culture, a bill passed extending the time for
providing the Agricultural College in Indiana
to tbe 1st ot March, 1S73; also a bill to pre
vent cruelty to animals in transit by rail
road, and other means of transportation, and
prohibiting the confinement ot animals in
cars, etc., more than twenty-four hours con
tinuously, after which time they are to have
five hours for rest Mr. Hazelton, from the
same committee, reported a bill to encourage
the planting of trees tor the preservation ot
woods on the public domain, requiring all
patents for lands to be on the condition of
keeping ten per cent, of the land in timber,
of planting two acres with timber trees for
every acre Irom which timber is cut, etc
The .Legislative, and Judicial Appropriation
bill was taken up. The senate amendment
appropriating $50,000 to enable the President
to carry out the Civil Service rules was
warmly discussed. An amendment reducing
the amount to $10,000 was finally adopted.
In the Senate on Friday, April 12,
the House bill requiring a report from the
Commissioners of Claims was passed On
motion of Mr. Pomeroy, the House bill
passed extending the one-year term for pay
Mients on public land under pre-emption
claims in Minnesota, Dakota, Wisconsin,
and Michigan The bill was passed re
funding taxes on distilled spirits destroyed
by fire in bonded warehouses in Chicago and
other places, since Jan. 1, 1868 A joint
resolution was adopted to open negotiations
with the Ute Indians, in Colorado, for the
purpose of acquiring their lands After
some other unimportant business the Senate
went into executive session, and soon after
adjourned till Monday, April 15.
In tbe House, resolutions in honor of the
late Erastus Corning were adopted The
Senate amendments to the .Legislative, ti
ecutive and Judicial Appropriation bills, on
which no separate amendment was asked,
were concurred in as a whole. The amend
ment prohibiting the publication of laws
and treaties in newspapers was negatived
yeas 87, nays 4 Mr. Merrick, irom the
Committee on Elections, made a report on
the Dakota contested election case, that Mr,
Armstrong, the sitting delegate, is entitled
to the seat. Ordered printed The bpeak
er laid before the House a message from the
President vetoing a bill for the relief of the
children of John M. Baktr, by allowing his
salary as Acting Charge d'Affaires at Rio
Janiero in 1834. The President states that
Baker never did act as such Charge d'Affaires :
but, on the contrary, was expressly forbid
den to enter into diplomatic correspondence
with the Government of Brazil. The mes
sage was referred to tho Committee on For
eign Affairs Adjourned to Monday, the
In the Senate on Monday, April 15,
bill wab passed permitting the inter
ment in the national cemeteries of all hon
orably discharged soldiers and sailors
The bill authorizing the construction of i
wagon and railroad bridge across the Mis
sissippi river at Quincy, was passed
Memorials were presented protesting against
the renewal of tho Wilson sewing-machine
patent. They were laid on the table, the
committee having reported adversely on the
bill to renew the patent Mr. Trumbull
presented a memorial pretesting against the
exactions on freight and travel over the
railroad bridge between Omaha and Coun
cil Bluffs After a long consideration of
the Deficiency bill the Senate adjourned.
In the House, under a call of the States, a
large number of bills of no general interest
were introduced and referred .Mr, Hoop
er's supplementary Civil Rights bill came up
and much time was consumed in dilatory
motions thereon Mr. tox presented pe
titions against further land grants, against
recognizing God in the Constitution, and for
religious liberty On motien of Mr. Dun-
nell, the bill was passed confirming to the
Port Huron and Lake Michigan Railroad
Company the grant of land made by Mich
igan for a railroad from Grand Haven to
Flint, and thence to Port Huron The
River and Harbor Improvement bill was
passed. The bill appropriates about $5,
000.000 Mr. Hancock introduced a bill
for the appointment by the President of
three Commissioners at a salary of $10 per
day each, to inquire into the depredations
on the frontiers of Texas by bands of In
dians and Mexicans, and appropriating S6,-
000 for the expenses of such commission.
The bill was passed und tbe Hoi:se adjourn
ed. In the Senate, on Tuesday. April 16,
the bill was passed to provide for the re
demption, and sale of lands held by the
United States under the several acts levying
direct taxes. It excludes from its provisions
all lots or tracts on which there are national
cemeteries, or which have been set apart by
tne .rresiaem, or neeaea tor military or na
val purposes Mr. Cameron introduced a
joint resolution, which was referred to the
Committee on foreign KelationB, permitting
the Diplomatic and Consular officers ef the
United States in France to accopt testimoni
als from the Emperor of Germany for their
services to the Germans in France during
the war between France and Germany
Mr. Wright, from the Committee on Finance,
reported without amendment the bill to es
tablish an ass&y office at Helena, Mont
Mr. Alcorn, from the Committee on Mines
and Mining, reported a bill to promote the
development of the mining resources of the
United States, which was amended and
passed The Australian steamship subsidy
bill was discussed at .length, but without
acting on it the Senate went into executive
session, and soon after adjourned.
In the House, Mr. Dawes, from the Com
mittee on Ways and Means, reported a bill
to reduce the duties on imports and internal
taxes, which was referred to the Committee
of the Whole and made the special order for
Tuesday, April 23d, and from day to day
until disposed of Mr. Ketcham, from the
Conference Committee on the St. Croix and
Lake Superior land grant bill, reported that
the Committee had been unable to agree
He moved that the House insist on its ac
tion, and that another Conference Com
mittee be appointed. Mr. Scofield moved
that the House recede frem its action, which
would have the effect of passing the bill as
it came from the Senate. Mr. Holman
moved that the House adhere to its action,
which would make it final. Mr. Ketcham,
in view of Mr. Scofield's motion, withdrew
bis own and hoped the House would adopt
Mr. Holman s motion to adhere. The vote
was first taken on Mr. Holman's motion to
adhere to'its former action. The motion was
agreed to yeas 110, nays 54. This amounts
to a rejection of the bill, as the substitute
adopted by the House and to which it voted
to adhere was to declare that the laid in
question reverted to the actual settlers..
The Steamer Ocean uw Blown Into Fran
menls-MxIy to Seventy of the 1'assengers
ana crew tvuiea or uroniieii.
The stearaer Oceanus, from Eed river
to bt. Louis, when near Brook s Point
thirty miles above Cairo, at 4 a. m. on
Wednesday, April 10, exploded her
boiler, blowing the upper works almost
entirely away, immediately alter which
the wreck took fire, burning to th-
water's edge. Pilot Thompson, of the
steamer John Lumsden, lying a few
miles below, on seeing the light from
the burning wreck, manned a yawl and
proceeded up the river to ascertain the
cause, tie lound a small party of sur
vivors on the head of the island, but
passed on to relieve those on the wreck,
len or twelve were clinging to the
wheel, but it dropped before he reached
them, and all but lour were lost.
The steamer Belle of St. Louis, bound
up, took on board the survivors, thirty
six in number, many ot whom were
badly burned or otherwise injured
Seven died before reaching St. Louis.
George Keightly, the first engineer,
who was on watch when the explosion
occurred, says the boat had just struck
a bar. 1 he engines had been stopped
and Mr. Keightly glanced at his watch
to note the time, when the explosion
occurred, and, with terrible force, one
of the boilers was blown baok to the
cylinders, and the whole forward part of
the boat, including the pilot-house,
texas, ana forward state-rooms, were
scattered right and left. The boat took
fire instantly, and the startled and haif-
nude passengers that were not killed
awoke to a terrible reality. But one
boat was left, and that was badly broken
The officers did all they could to assist
the passengers. Pilot Harris stated that
Wicinns, their Red river pilot, was
drowned. Harry Tripp, the pilot on
watch, and also Capt. Reeder were
buried in the debris and were heard
calling despairingly for help, but the
fire had gained such headway that they
could not be reached and were burned.
Various statements have been made 1
by the survivors of the disaster, but
they relate almost entirely to personal
experience, and throw little or no light
on the cause of the explosion. The
bodies brought to St. Louis by the
steamer Belle will be held for inquest.
Those of the wounded not able to take
care of themselves have been taken in
charge by the city, and sent to hospitals.
One of the pilots states that it would
have been impossible for the steamer
to ground at the point where the explo
sion took place, as asserted by George
Keightly, first engineer. The passen
gers and crew numbered about 100
souls, as nearly as can be estimated, of
whom only thirty-six have been found.
The Earthquake in Syria Fifteen Hun
dred Persons Swept into Eternity.
London (April 6) Dispatch to the New York Herald.
A telegram from Constantinople, re
porting the occurrence of a most fearful
and fatal visitation by earthquake in the
East, reached this city during the morn
ing to-day. The dispatch states that the
city of Antioch, in Syria, has just been
visited by an earthquake, causing ter
rible loss of life and almost general ruin
of property. One-half of the city was
totally destroyed, and 1,500 persons
swept from existence suddenly. A rum
bling noise, of almost unearthly sound,
pervaded Antioch at an early hour this
morning. The people became alarmed
and startled. They were not permitted
a moment for reflection as to the cause,
when the town was visited by three suc
cessive shocks of earthquake and earth
waves, the force of which caused the
buildings to vibrate and rock to and fro.
Houses commenced to topple over, and
the inhabitants rushed from the falling
buildings terror-stricken and shrieking
in dismay. They endeavored to force
their way from the town to the open
country, but very many of them perished
in the attempt. The river Orontes rose
and swept over the lower portions of the
city. The two bridges which spanned
the river have been carried away, and
gTeat portions of the city were thrown
down. Great distress prevails in that
portion of the city which has not been
demolished, and the inhabitants are
sadly in need of the assistance which is
being forwarded to them rapidly from
the cities and town3 more adjacent to
the scene of disaster.
The city of Antioch or, as it is now
called, Antakiek, now again, for the
fourth or fifth time, debtroyed by an
arthquake, was in ancient times one of
the most famous in Syria, and at one
period was even more wealthy and
pleiidid and populous than eitner ot
its great rivals, Aleppo and JUamascus.
It is situated on the river Aazi (the an
cient Orontes), about twenty miles from
its mouth, and thirty-four miles west of
Aleppo. It was founded about 300 B. C.
by Seleucus Nicator, and named by him
in honor of his father, Antiochus,
fifteen other cities, none of which have,
however, so successfully survived the
attacks of time, enjoying, at about the
same period, a like distinction. Situated
directl" in the track of the caravans
from Mesopotamia and Persia, in a
beautiful valley at the foot of the moun
tains, which rise at this point from a
narrow fringe of low-lying shore, with
abundance of water and a sinsiularlv
fertile soil, the city soon became won
derfully prosperous, and the wares of
Bagdad and Mosul, of Cashmere !nd
ienares, halted in caravansaries on their
way to the bazars of Byzantium and the
markets of Rome. One cause of its
wealth and greatness was no doubt the
energy and industry of the colony of
Greek?, of Athenian ancestry, by whom
n was peopled, ana who had been re
moved froui the neiaiiborine citv of
Antigonium by Seleucus. It was for
several generations tbe favorite resi
dence of the Seleucid Princ-s and be
came the capital of Syria. Splendid
palaces and baths and amphiteatcrs and
temples were built by the munificence
of its rulers until it was as celebrated
all over the Eastern world for the gran
deur of its architecture as for the wealth
and luxury and devotion to pleasure of
its inhabitants. Po doubt it fairly
earned the compliment of being termed
" Antioch the Beautiful" and the " Queen
of the East." At the height of its
splendor it numbered 700,000 inhabi
tants, and was tne scene ol almost unin
terrupted spectacles and fetes.
Its suburbs were especially noted ior
their beauty. A ring of verdure sur
rounded its walls of reddish stone, and
at its gates were the sacred fountains
and groves of Daphre, and the world-
iamous lempleot Apolio. It tell into
the hands of the Romaiis in 64 B. C,
and was planted with a Latin colony,
whose members enjoyed the especial
privileges of Roman citizens. Soon after
the death ol Christ the Gospel was
preached by the Apostles, and a flour
ishing Christian Church was founded.
Indeed, it was at Antioch that the fol
lowers of Jesus first assumed the name
of Christians. About 115 A. E. it suf
fered terribly from an earthquake, but
was restored by the Emperor Trajan.
In 155 A. D. it was destroyed by fire,
but was again rebuilt. As the Christian
religion spread over the Roman Empire
its inhabitants gradually became ex
clusively Christian, and in the second,
third and fourth centuries it was the
principal seat of the true faith in the
East, ten councils being held within its
walls between the years 252 and 3S0.
When the Latin power waned, it suf
fered greatly from the attacks of Persia,
and about the same period endured
three great famines, one of which, in
331, was so severe that wheat rose to the
price of 400 pieces of t-ilver a bushel.
Between the fourth and seventh centu
ries, the city was three times destroyed
by earthquakes. In the sixth century
it was made the Beat of a patriarchate,
which included in its province the
Syrian, Mesopotanian and Cilician
Churches. It was taken by the Sara
cens in 635, together with the rest of
Syria, and from that time has steadily
declined in importance. In y75 it was
again annexed to the Western Roman
Empire, and, having been retaken in
1084, was in 1098 captured by the Cru
saders and made the seat of a little
Christian kingdom, under Bohemod,
the son of Robert Guiscard. It re-,
mained in Christian hands for nearly
two centuries, and was then taken, alter
terrible losses, by Bibaro, Sultan of
Egypt. Since then its history has been
one of constantly waning prosperity.
The Christian religion almost, died out,
and, though it had fourteen mosques, it
did not possess a single Christian church
until an American missionary was sent
there a few years ago to found a new
church. In this he met with signal suc
cess, and the missionary journals occa
sionally contain very interesting ac
counts of this revival of the influences
of the cross. In 1822 it was again de
stroyed by a terrible earthquake. In ap
pearance Antakiek is at present a mis
erable little Arab city of ftbout seven
thousand inhabitants, built of square
mud houses, with sloping and flat roofs
by the way, an unusual feature for an
Eastern city and with narrow little
streets, noisome, with stagnant pools of
water, and alive with troops of hungry,
mangy curs. Strange as it may seem,
the American civil war somewhat im
proved for a time the prospects of this
ruined city. Stimulated by the high
price of cotton, the indolent owners of
the soil in the neighborhood, which is
very well fitted for such culture, became
industrious cotton raisers, and there
was even a cotton mill founded by an
English company. The latter enter
prise, however, did not pay, and was
abandoned a coaple of years ago ; and
since cotton has gone down the landed
proprietors have subsided into their
natural state of needy idleness.
From the preceding sketch it will be
seen that there have previously been
destructive earthquakes in Aleppo in
years 115, 458, 526, 5S7 and 1822. It is
a curious fact that this city is within
a thousand or fifteen hundred miles of
the antipodes of California, where our
last earthquake sensation occurred.
Pneumatic Transportation.
A bill is pending before Congress to
incorporate the "Pneumatic Tube Road
Company," which proposes to construct
such a road from New York to New Or
leans. As the incorporators number
among them several well-known lobby
ists, and as the proposed charter grant
many privileges and promises no return
therefor, it is probable that this particu
lar scheme will be negatived. If it could
be intrusted to capable hands, great
good might result. London, Paris an. I
Berlin have pneumatic dispatch tubes
for the transmission of parcels, etc., and
New York has an incomplete pneumatic
railway. It requires but little more trial
to devise a system of sending men and
women as speedily and safely as we can
now send parcels; and its mccess will
revolutionize travel far more thoroughly
than did the introduction of the railway.

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