Newspaper Page Text
The Oaies Ames List-
Last fall, when tlie Credit Mobilier scandal was rst devised to prop the failing fortunes of the coalition, and to give an aggressive charac ter to a movement already lapsing into insig nificance, the assumed basis of the affair was a certain list of Congressmen who were al leged to have been oonrupted with Credit Mo bilier stock. This list had been produced in evidence before a Philadelphia court, and ran as follows : Blaine, of Mnine 3 000 Patterson, of New Hampshire!!!! .3,000 Wilson, of Massachusetts 2,000 Schuyler Colfax, Speaker ! 2,000 Sconeld and Kelley, of Pennsylvania, each 2,000 x.uui, vi jiassacnusetts 3,000 Dawes, of Massachusetts ; 2,000 Fowler, of Tennessee .' 2,000 Bovitwell, of Massachusetts ." .2,000 Bingham and Garfield, of Ohio... . ..2,000 v e have now the means of judging conclu sively of the value and exact meaning of this list. Mr. Ames, who is alleged to have dic tated it, McComb, who wrote it down, and eve ry man mentioned in it, except three, concern ing whom there is no question, have been ex amined and cross-examined under oath as to the transactions to which it was claimed the list related. What does it all amount to ? To this : Mr. Ames formed in his own mind, in the latter part of 1867, the project of "inter esting in the Credit Mobiher all the infiuen tial men he could, including members of Con gress, llis motive, he says, was not corrupt, nor does it seem necessarily to have been so. He wished to induce members, when the af fairs of the Credit Mobilier, or of the Union Pacifiic railroad, with which it was indissolu bly connected, were likely to be affected bv legislation, to " look into " them, and satisfy themselves that there was " nothing wrong in them." He believed the Congressmen wonld do this more thoroughly if they held stock in the company ; in fact, that thev would not do it at all if they were not pecuniarily interested. 11113 is Mr. uakes Ames story of what he in tended, and how he expected to carry his in tentions into effect. He succeeded in interesting several Con gressmen, not mentioned in the list. and. curi ously enongh, never mentioned in any of the opposition attacks based on the Credit ilobilier operations. Senator Grimes, now dead, Mr. Alley, now out of the House, and Mr. Hooper, a member of the present Congress, invested considerable amounts, and took an active part in the business of the company. Of those re counted in the list, and treated to the bitter aspersions of the campaign, the evidence dis closes the following facts : Mr. Blaine was offered the stock, but de clined it, not entertaining, however, any idea that the proposal was directly or indirectly a corrupt one. Mr. Patterson agreed conditionally, near the close of 1867, to take $3,000, par value, of stock of Mr. Ames, on the assurance that it was a proper stock for a Congressman to hold, and that no legislation would be wanted. He failed to take the stock, but believed he had a perfect right to hold it as much vs he would have to hold national bank stock. Senator Henry Wilson, 011 the suggestion of Mr. Ames, invested $2,000 of his wife's monev in Credit Mobilier stock, with the assurance that the road would wan; no legislation; on discovering that the compuy was in difficulty he "backed out of the bargain." Vice-President Colfax agreed to take' S2. 000 of the stock, on the assurance that no legisla tion was required; he paid $500 on the amount; learning that the company was involved in liti gation, he canceled the agreement, and after ward, when Mr. Ames became financially em barrassed, Mr. Colfax surrendered Ins clam on Mm for the $500 advanced. Mr. Scofield, of Pennsylvania, gave Mr. Ames one thousand dollars, in 1368, to pav for ten shares of Credit Mobilier stock, but subse quently chose to take another stock instead. Mr. Kelley, of Pennsylvania, agreed to take some stock of Mr. Ames, but " the matter was dropped ;" " he saw no more impropriety in a member of Cougress buying that stock than in buying a flock of sheep, and then voting on the tariff on woolen goods." Mr. Eliot never had any of the stock. Mr. Dawes, of Massachusetts, gave Mr. Ames one thousand dollars early in December, 1867. to pay for ten shares of Credit Mobiher stock received one dividend of thirty-five per cent.; learned the company was involved in a law suit, and returned the dividend, receiving from Mr. Ames his original payment and interest on the same. Mr. Fowler, of Tennessee, never had anv stock. Mr. Boutwell, of Massachutetts, never had ny. Mr. Bingham, of Ohio, gave Mr. Ames two thousand dollars in J -muary, 1868, to pav for shares of Credit Mobilier stock at par," Mr. Ames returning a receipt and agreeing to ac count for all dividends. At the same time Mr. Bingham invested six hundred and fifty dol lars in ten shares of another company of Mr. Ames. He settled the Credit Mobilier matter in January, 1870, and the other in the spring of 1872, and thinks he made about six thousand five hundred dollars on the two operations. Mr. Garfield was offered stock, but declined it. . This concludes the list. It will be seen that the ouly man of the number who made any money out of the Credit Mobiher was Mr. Binhgam. We presume no one will question the statement, nevertheless, that Mr. Bing ham's established reputation as an honest man t nd a pure legislator is not likely to bo affected by that fact. Why ? Because he was not one of the politicians whom it is considered profit able or pleasant to malign. It will be seen, also, that of those who re fined the stock, or who agreed to take it, and eutisequently declined it, none based their ac tion on any impropriety in the transaction, while several of them, and notably Messrs. Patterson and Kelley, men of recognized char acter, distinctly assert its perfect propriety. Concerning this point, and several others in volved in this matter, we may have some views to offer hereafter. At present we call atten tion to the facts as above succicntly stated, that oar readers may have a clear and full idea -of what the evidence in the case actually is. iVeic York Times. The Case of Mr. Colfax. We do not undervalue or attempt to ignore the circumstantial evidence against Mr. Col fax. That it is very strong and direct is ad mitted by the Vice-President himself, who, in asking for a committee of investigation, stated that he did not underrate its force. While we admit this, therefore, we at the same time pro test against the constant perversion of Mr. Colfax s language in relation to this matter as given in his speech at South Bend last sum mer. The Times and Tribune of this city have repeatedly Btated that he denied in that speech ever having any interest in the Credit Mobilier. This is untrue. The charge was, that Credit Mobilier 6tock was given to him, together with large dividends, as the price of his vote. This was what he denied ; not that he had ever owned stock or been interested in the company. In fact he stated, in effect, what he has wnce avowed, that he was dis suaded from holding stock solely because he did not wish to be embroiled in a lawsuit, and not because he thought it wrong in the ab stract to be possessed of it. . The onlv vari ance between Ms speech at South Bend and Oakes Ames' testimony is that relating to divi dends. Mr. Colfax stated that he never had received a farthing as profits ; Ames says he has, and submits proofs that throw the burden of denial on Mr. Colfax and call for the fullest explanation. The Vice-President makes no unreasonable request. He simply aslx. the public to suspend judgment as to his guilt un til he can present proofs of his innocence. This would not be refused to a criminal in the dock ; shall it be denied to one who has main tained through long years of service a spotless name and reputation. There are many aneerers at piety and scof fers at virtue who hailed the implication of Mr. Colfax in this business with greeful tri umph. They were eager to believe the charges when first made, and were swift to jump at a conclusion of guilt even before there was aught to subettntiate it. With such the downfall of honor and the ruin of high charac ter are always welcome. To others, and to better men, it comes with inexpressible sad ness. The possible failure of the Vice-Presi-dont to establish his innocence will bring to the millions who have known and loved him the most unfeigned sorrow. And these will most willingly grant his request, and suspend their judgment until he can have the most am ple opportunity to unravel the network of painful testimony that now encircles him. Un til he fails in this his myriad friends will con tinue to have faith in his innocence. Chicago Inter-Ocean. A Political Wake. The public had almost forgotten that thero ever was such a thing as the Liberal move ment, so many important events have occurred during the three months since the election. In the caucusing and other political operations of tbe day the Liberals now cut no figure. The party itself was what an old flint-iock hunter would call " a flash in the pan." Even in this State there is not so much as a nucleus to be found. Chicago and Springfield, where so much strength was claimed, have consigned the abortion to the hole dug long ago for the Unow-JN othing organization. In Cincinnati the movement died and gave no sign. The only post-election effort of Liberalism was put forth at St. Louis, the cradle of "Lib eralism," last Wednesday night. The State of Schurz, Blair, Brown and Grosvenor started the Liberal ball, and it was there that the main strength of the unborn party lay. . In that cit adel would there be strength, if anywhere, and courage to rally for one more assault upon the Republican party. The question which agitated that Wednesday evening conference meeting was the one which perplexed the gloomy Dane, " To be or not to be ?" Which were better ? was a conundrum the confreres gave up as too knotty for their solution. The resolution adopted runs as follows : Resolved, That we reiterate our adhesion to the liberal ideas and principles declared at Jef ferson City and reaffirmed at Cincinnati, with the exception of the doctrine of free trade, looking at the development at Cincinnati and since the election as a complete vindication of our attitude. y Just what this means passes the comprehen sion of the uninitiated. When and how has the Liberal attitude been vindicated, to any ex tent whatever, not to say completelv? It has received such vindication as consists in being completely annihilated. As well might the en gineer who was hoist by his own petard claim a complete vindication of his attitude. If to be blown into indistinguishable aloms was the ambition of Liberalism, then the vindication was complete beyond a parallel. The more probable explanation is that the real design of the resolution was to indorse the platform of Cincinnati, except the tariff plank, which was a mere dodge. It will be re membered that the Missouri gathering at which the Liberal movement was begun took very strong free trade ground. The resolution given above must have been drafted under the too potent influence of soft-shell crabs. The Democratic and Liberal factions are both more utterly demoralized than the leaders suppose. The situation can enly be seen in the light election returns. The most obdurate adherent to the present organization will be convinced by the returns of 1873 that the Pres idential campaign of 1872 thoroughly destroved, root and branch, both the old Democracy "and the abortive Liberal party. Chicago Journal. Seward and the Sultan. The following is told by an eye-witness : When Sir. Seward was in Con stantinople he received higher honors than any prince or potentate had ever received from a Turkish Sultan. Such distinction was accorded to his age and distinguished service to his country. The Sultan not only granted a personal interview, an unprecedented favor to a private individual, but as a further token of good will and a compliment to " the nation of handshakers," extended his hand in greeting. Mr. Seward's right arm was entirely paralyzed, and he had not the slightest power to place his hand in the outstretched palm of the Sultan. His intense mortification and embarrassment may be imagined at thus being forced to appear even for a moment ungracious in his response to such remarkable courtesy. There was an awkward pause of brief duration until turning to Blacque Bey, who sat beside him, Mr. Seward exclaimed in an accent of irritation : " Raise my arm and put my hand in his."" Mr. Seward was remarkable for his courtesy, and this untoward circumstance at the be ginning of his interview with the Sultan must have detracted greatly from the pleasure and gratification his kindly re ception gave him. A Curious Suit. A very curious suit, arising out of on 3 of the incidents of the late war between France and Germany, will shortly be brought to trial in the French courts. During the war a German soldier was shot near the village of Yarn, where upon a Prussian column swept down on the place and captured twenty-eight peasants who had fled for Tefn church. The Prussians, determined to nave revenge for the death of the slain soldier, announced to the frightened CaDtives that tlirAA nf thai-r immli. would be shot, leaving the selection of xi : x a ii uie victims to tne prisoners. The Prussians proposed that they should draw lots, and kindly offered them the use of a soldier's helmet to ratta tb purpose of an urn, but the offer was d -clined. Finally, after they had been shut up in the church for seventy-five nours, mey reported that tne three re quired victims had been selected, though no information was given as to how the selection was made. The unfortunate men, who found themselves in a minority, were led out and shot, and now tliA sur vivors are sued for damages by the AX. 3 n T ii "i , nits ground iaai me tnree were not selected by lot. Abd-el-Kader. Abd-el-Kader is ly llL He is now 65 years of age. Forty Tears asro. he was tli -most fnrmif!c.WD enemy of the French in Algeria, and earned from them the title of "The Eagle of the Desert." In 1832 he formed a combination of 23 Arab tribes, able to put into the field a fighting force of 12,000 warriors. From this time un til 1841. he foucrit tha invnIinrr TVonOi enemies with indomitable perseverance ana wim varying fortunes. V aonquished and taken orison Ar in that held as a captive in France until 1852, wnen ne was released, and took up his residence in the east. He has always been reerarded as th model tvn of the Arab chieftain. His personal appear ance is mus described : " Mis stature is above the lnid.llA 'haitrht. Viin Viooil beautifully shaped, and his black beard uuuutur lunn a striding contrast to his garments of white wooL His hands are of the most graceful form, and white as a woman's, and his whole aspect is one of grace and dignity." Southern State Debts. The debts of the Southern States are as follows: North Carolina f 30,000,0V) South Carolina 16,000,000 Virginia. 47.C0O 000 Georgia 10,500,000 Alabama.. 15500,000 Mississippi....; 25,000,000 Louisiana 01 nnn iwi Tennessee 31.000.ono Florida, 6,000,000 Making a grand total of f 202,000,000 Legend of a Musket. Mark Twain tells the following story related by a fellow passenger, who, bantered about his timidity, said he had never been scared since he loaded an old Queen Anne's musket for his father once, whereupon he gave the fol lowing : You see, the old man was trying to learn me to shoot blackbirds and beasts that tore up the young corn and such things, so that I could be of some use about the farm, because I wasn't big enough to do much. My gun was a single-barreled shot-gun, and the old man carried an old Queen Anne musket that weighed a ton, made a report like a thunderclap, and kicked like a mule. The old man warned me to shoot the old musk?"., sometimes, but I was afraid. One day, though, I got her down, and so I took her to the hired man, and asked him to load her, because it was out in the fiald. Hiram said: " Do you see those marks ou the stock an X and a V on each side of the Queen's crown. Well, that means ten balls and five slugs -that's her load." " But how much powder?" " Oh," he says, " it don't matter; pu in three or four handfuls." So I loaded her up that way, and it was an awful charge I had sense enough to see that, and started out. I leveled her on a good many blackbirds ; but every time I went to pull the trigger, I shut my eyes and winked. I was afraid of her kick. Toward sundown I fetched it up to the house, and there was the old man resting on the porch. " Been out hunting, have ye ?" " Yes, sir," says I. " What did you kill ?" "Didn't kill anything, sir didn't shoot her off was afraid she would kick I knew blamed well she would." " Gimmie that gun !" the old man said, mad as sin. And he took aim at a sapling on the other side of the road, and I began to drop back out of danger. And the next moment I heard the earthquake, and saw the Queen Anne whirling end over end in the air, and the old man spinning round on one heel, with one leg up and both hands on his jaw, and the bark fly ing from that old sapling like there was a hail storm. The old man's shoulder was set back three inches and his jaw turned black and blue, and he had to lay up for three days. Cholera, or nothing else, can scare me the way I was scared that time. Mother Goose Not a Mvth. W. L. Stone writes from New York to the Providence Journal .- In the Jenuary number of the Brun onian armears a well-written mid esting paper entitled " Mother Goose's iueiouies. jji tne hrst paragraph is this sentence : " Here tliA traditional bard is Mother Goose, of whom nothing oeruun is Known. jut more than the name, history does not reveal." In this statement, however, the writer is in error; for so far from "Mother Goose" being a creature of fancy, she was, we beg to assure him, a veritable personage. The mother-in-law of Thomas Fleet, the editor, in 1731, of the Boston Week ly Rehearsal, was non nthm- tVmn fha original Mother Goose the Mother croose ot the world-famous melodies. Mother Goose belonged to a wealthy familv in Boston V Viugov daughter, Elizabeth Goose, was married py uotton aiather, in 1715, to Fleet, and in due time gave birth to a son. Like most mothers-in-law in our own d-c tim importance of Mrs. Goose increased wim me appearance of her grandchild, and poor Mr. Fleet, half distracted with toer endless nursery ditties, finding all umer means iau, tried what ridicule could effect, and actually printed a book with the title : " Songs for the Nursery, or Mother Goose's Melodies for Chil dren, printed by T. Fleet, at his printing house, Puding Lane, Boston. Price, ten coppers. " Mother Goose was the mother of nineteen children, and hence we may easily trace the origin of that famous classic : " There was an old woman who lived in a shoe, She had o many children Bhe didu't know what to do." An Eccentric Man. Eccentricity seems to be the only hope of some people for a momentary noto riety. An exceedingly eccentric man has just died at Hincsburg, Vt., in the person of Augustus McEwen, aged 84. He had his grave dug some twenty years ago, and stoned up and filled with earth, that it might be in safe condition when ever needed. Last fall he had the earth dug out of it, saying that he expected to he laid there before the winter was over. His coffin was in readiness seven years ago, and so arranged that he could lie on his side with his knees drawn up, as he said he slept in this condition in life, and wanted to sleep so in death. All his plans for the funeral were made in advance, and among the rest he selected four colored boys, who had worked for him more or less, as had their f atherjbe fore them, as pall-bearers. They were to carry the body to the grave, which was on his own farm, lower it to its last resting place, fill the grave with earth, and then walk back to the house, where they were to find each a letter, sealed and directed to them, in which was the money to pay for the last service which he had required of them. His friends took very good care to carry out his pe culiar wishes. What's In a Same! There was lately published in the Lon don Gazette a legal and official notice that Mr. Walter Knotts, of London, " in conseq lence of the present obnox ious name of his ship being strongly objected to by merchants, underwriters and others, intends to apply to the Board of Trade for permission to change her name to that of "The Newsboy." Mr. Knotts, who had made a fortune as pro prietor of an old and very profitable newspaper in Birmingham, thought the least compliment he could pay his old trade was to name his ship after a very useful and generally much knocked about person m it. But as the " Prin ter's Devil," first proposed, was consid ered too long, it received the name of "The Devil." It must be confessed this title is not exceedingly commercial. As " The Newsboy," insurers and ship pers can safely patronize Mr. Knotts' vessel. t - The only good motive for riding a man on a rail is a locomotive. FARM AND HOUSEHOLD. Does Breeding Short-Horn Pay I We doubt whether there is any spe cies of breeding that pays so well as that of raising fashionable short-horn cattle. We have here, in a country admirably adapted for them, animals which have been brought here from England, pur chased there at almost fabulous prices, and brought here at an equally great ex pense. The question arises, does it pay to bring these cattle here ? Let us take an instance: Louan the Fifteenth, sold by Jerry Duncan to Wm. Richardson, of this county, for $700, several years ago. The price was then considered exorbi tant. But let us look at the result. Mr. Richardson sold two of her produce at one time for 1,750. Her first calf was a bull, and, not admirmghim, Mr. Rich ardson made a bullock of him and sold him for $115, and would not to-day take $5,000 for what is left of her produce. What she may produce in the future, of course time alone will show. Take another instance: Mr. Richard son bouerht at Dublin sale PliroVm Tn-plor ior $100. He resold her to Mr. Kissenl ger, 01 Missouri, for $2,000, and that gentleman sold her first calf for $800. Let us take still another: Loudon Duchess 2d, a beautiful animal, the property of William Warfield. Her first calf, Loudon Duke 3d, sold for $250, and we doubt if I13 could be bought now for $2,500. We quote her other calves as follows: Loudon Duke 4th, $3,000 offered ; Loudon Duke 6th, sold for $1,500, and his present owaer has re fused $4,000 for him. Loudon Duchess 6th sold for $2,025, and Loudon Duchess 8th for $2,500. According to this state ment, Loudon Duchess has produced five calves, from which her owner has realized and been offered $9,275. Sev eral of those which he sold were after ward sold for nearly double amount re alized by him. The i thoughtful reader will need no more illustrations ; the fact is too evi dent that breeding short-horns does pay. Lexington (Ky.) Observer and Re porter. 9 Hard Times for Fanners. A farmer in debt always will have hard times, as those who have land and have a comfortable home, free from all in cumbrances cannot fullly comprehend. Mr. Beecher, who knows the cost of farming, perhaps better than its profits, says canuioiy: no ouster draws sharper than interest does. Of all industries none is comparable with that of interest, which works all day and night, fair weather and foul. It has no sound in its footsteps, but travels fast. It gnaws at a man's substance with inevitable teeth. It binds industry with its film as a fly i3 bound in a spider's web. Debt rolls a man over and over, binding him hand and foot, and letting him hang on the fatal mesh until the long legged interest devours him. There is but one thing on a farm like it, and that is the Canada thistle, which swarms new plants every time you break its roots, whose blossoms are prolific, and every flower is the father of a million seeds, every riant like a platoon of bayonets, and a lield of them like an armed host. The whole is a torment and a vegetable curst and vet a farmer had better Canada thistles than attempt to rest at ease upon interest. German Farming. A correspondent of the Springfield Republican writes from Dresden: Of the two and a half million inhabitants of Saxony, two-thirds live in the coun try (Flatland) and 1,300,000 are land Owners. 800.000: rjossessinir faoh mnra than two acres, and 1,000,000 being tneir own farmers working their soil The valuation of the land outside of the city reaches nearly $600,000,000, and an annual harvest is valued at $45,000,000. The 50,000 farmers of Massachusetts, with a valuation in land of less than one fifth as much, get more than two-thirds as much for their crops as the Saxon farmers. Facts for the Household. Camphob Ointment. One ounce of spermaceti ; 1 ounce white wax ; ounce camphor gum ; 2 ounces lard ; melt over a slow fire. Add the camphor gum after the other has dissolved. To Glaze Shirts. To every quart of made starch add a teaspoonful of starch and one of white soap, scrap;d fine. Boil the starch, after adding hot water, until you have it as thick as you wish. The Phtlosopht ov Ft?vtv Tli true philosophy of frying is to have the r 1 i a -l - , -1 . ... las at a Doiung neat Deiore anything 13 Dut into it. Beins' merplv warm it. tmtio. trates, and the food is " greasy ;" hot, it is the perfection of cooking. Frizzled Beef. Put a piece of but ter the size of an egg into a skillet ; sliver up some beef and put in, turning nearly all the time, till done. Put the meat in one side of the skillet, and put in a little cream, milk or water for gra vy. Force Meat BatiIv Clion ft nnnnrl or two of veal kidney, or any tender meat, nue ; mix wim one or two eggs and a little butter or raw pork some like an onion; season with salt and pepper. Do them up into balls about the size of half an egg, and fry brown. Stewed CbtiEry. Wash two 1rw heads of celery, throw away the leaves and ereen Btalkfi. and cut, tliA bpr.rt. and white stalks into pieces about an inch long. Put' these in fast-boiling water, and boil them till very tender. Put into a stew-tan a trill of nream. a litt.l nnlfc pepper, and pounded mace : put it over ii i -i t . . me uik, una wnen 11 simmers aram the celery and nut in the cream. Boil uo , once and serve. Ham Toast. When a ham cets un sightly for the table, take off as much of it as you require, and mince it up finely, j To one pint of the mince put two table- I spoonfuls of fresh rich cream. Boil it five minutes ; prepare well buttered slices of toast, and spread the mince on them. Strew over this well-grated bread crumbs, a little parsley, and some small pieces of butter. Brown in a quick oven and serve hot. EaETH PoTTT.TTrrRfl. Thftvalnfi of flarth as a disinfectant and deodorizer in waII known, and the treatment of ulcerated sores and gangrenous wounds with it is becoming very general A new applica- uuu una lately oeen aescnoea Dy nr. . S. Bunker, who states that he has re cently used clay as a dressing for the faCe in twO O.afiOa rt AnnAnnnf nninlln- dusting it in fine powder over the faces of the natienta a rrvn o n 1 v. X KFVVSl (3 UUDUIUCO - come fairly developed. This formed a clean, dry, wholesome scab, absorbing the infectious material, and scaled off during the convalescence, leaving an un derlying skin in it3 natural and normal state. The painful itching, which is one " nwoi -uurucierisiics 01 tne dis ease, was entirelv nhnforl fl.. covi, used was fine pipe clay. To fhVRAW Patx-tttt-v Srmnima n : ---i.. fc k.i3. XAICA is nothing better for cleansing painted wood-work than a piece of common in- .1 ; 1.1 -r r .i a-iuuuer, xvud tne wood as if you were erasing pencil-marks, and then pass a dry brush over it. No water is neces sary. Borax is a useful articl a in h A half pound of it will drive the cock roaches out of any house. A large hand ful Of the rjOWder to ten nrnllnna r,t j. ' ni will effect a saving of 50 per cent, in Ti - ii - . . - . """i i an excenent dentifrice, and the best material for cleaning the scalp. A WRITER in the ITnuxe.hnll. aA n'una la dies who have furs to cleanse, to take nice Indian meal in a 1 tliem with it using no water nothing uuu ur y meai, ana tney win look as good as new. Alum and rlaster of with water, and used in a liquid state, will form a very useful cement. It will be found quite handy for many purposes. j.b ioims a very nard composition, and for fixing the brasses fcr on lon-iTia nothing could be better. For preserving hams and shoulders tdke P" Ton Till Vl.plr lunndir a nnai-t , ,f ) X L . 'JllLti. 1.V vx a pound will do for two hundred weight, .uougn a nttie more or less will do no harm ; sprinkle first with pepper until quite black, ard then salt in the usual way. This method of preserving meat adds much to its flavor. The Buffalo. The first impression produced by the buffalo on the stranger is that of ugli ness. The huge forequarters seem quite out of proportion to the light hind legs ; the masses of hair on the forehead and chin have a particularly untidy appear ance, and give the head a badly defined oval shape in the distance. The impres sion is not improved when they strike into a slow canter, for the immense tufts of hair depending from the forelegs swing awkwardly, and the taiL which is held straight up, with a slight curve down again at the middle, is ridiculously small. When, however, a herd, roused from its lethargy, rushes at a speed of eighteen or twenty miles an hour, contempt is changed for admiration. The once lum bering body is now handled with perfect ease ; all the clumsy appendages become streamers in the wind and tho km withers give the flying body mass and power. ne DiacK eyes glisten beneath the matted hair; and were the hoofs changed to claws, and were the horns hidden, it would be difficult not to be lieve that one of the old giant lions of antediluvian daya had come to light. Home Reading. One of the most pleasant and noblest duties of the head of the family is to fur nish its members with good reading. Let good reading go into a home, and the very atmosphere of that home gradually but surely changes. The boys begin to grow ambitious, to talk about men. piacea, uoojss, ine past ana tne future. The ri rls hpcnn f- fool a -now ing before them in knowledge, duty and iu. xney see new neids 01 usefulness and pleasure; and so the family changes, uu uut irom its number will grow in tellieent men nnl wornon to fill Vi- J " -- wv I I I I UVUV1 able places, and be useful members of rt - L T A J 1 1 1 a .-. Bo-iy. uei tne torch 01 intelligence be lit in every household. Let the old auu vuiuig vie wim eacn other in mtro- uuiuiig new ana useiui topics 01 investi gation, and in cherishing a love of read ing, study and improvement. The Fnpoetical Jews. Here is a fact which shows how little nonsense there is in the Jewish race: The editor of the Jeiviah Messenger in forms his readers that " dnrinc all tho years of his editorship, perhaps not more man a dozen original poems have ben sent to him from contributors of the Jewish faith, and dnrintr tho nnat year he did not receive a single poetical euusion ior insertion. Home 01 the old Hebrews, notablv David and hi hnv Solomon, were slicTitlv addicted to versi fication, in their way, but the nation's harps have not rung much since theirs 1 1, a -n . . were nung on tne willows ot JsaDylon. Our Corn Crop. The heaviest corn crop ever grown in the United States was that of last year, which the agricul tural report states at the huge total of 1,100,000,000 bushels. Not only is this the largest crop, but it is said to be corn of a better quality and of greater in trinsic value than usual. Iowa was the banner corn-giowing State, her average being nearly 41 bushels an acre. Un fortunately for some of those who would like to have the Iowa corn, it takes the price of four bushels of said corn to get one bushel to the Atlantic markets. This is one of the reasona why some people are demanding cheaper trans portation between the West and East. Cuba. A census of Cuba has recent ly been taken, and Gen. Sickles, receiv ing the result from the Spanish Govern ment, has transmitted it to Washington. The total population of the island is placed at 1.399,811, there being 763,176 whites, 238,927 free colored, 663,288 slaves, and 34,420 Asiatic. In 1867 the population of Cuba was reported to be 1,414,503, so that in five years that have elapsed there is apparently a decrease of 14,706. The insurrection of Cuba probably interferred with getting an ac curate census of the insurgent districts last year. The exports of cheese from the United States in 1872 amounted to 66,204.025 pounds, valued at $7,752,918. In 1860 the exports amounted to 15,515,799 pounds; in 1886, 36,411,985, and in 1870, 57,296,323. But the quantity ex ported in 1867, amounting to 52.352,127 pounds, realized $7,893,535, or $140,617 more than the 66,204,025 pounds ex ported last year. Cheese has been low during the past five or six years. A lean conscience makes a fat officer. Personal Paragraphs. X'z Disraeli is 68. Gladstone is 63, 4 Dorset, the new Arkansas Senator, is agraduate ofOberlin. He is 36 years Clara Louisa Kellogg is said to have a weakness for driving close bar gains. A daughter of Minister Schenck is reported to be engaged to a British nobleman. Gen. Gordon, the new Senator from Georgia, was a Confederate General, and is 40 years old. Edward Jennings, of New Fairfield, Conn., incurred paralysis by butchering a diseased hog. Clara Louisa Kellogq's mother is a good, plain, New England woman, and her constant attendant. Mr. P. T. Barnum, the showman, has engaged the great talking machine for his new establishment. An original portrait of Davy Crockett has passed into possession of the New York Historical Society. Mr. Booker, a wealthy merchant of New York, will shortly wed Miss Schurz, daughter of Carl Schurz. . "Doesticks," recently connected with the Minneapolis Tribune, has gone to New York again to reside. Charles Dickens, Jr., is a very clever young man with brown eyes, but he isn't noted for anything else. The Danbury Keivs says that a hu mane mother in that place chloroforms her boy before whipping him. The name of Mike McCaole, the pugilist, appears on the list of contrib utors to the poor fund of St. Louis. Fifteen beautiful maidens of Terre Haute, Ind., propase to jerk the forked lightning for a living ; or, in other words, learn telegraphy. Brigham Young has ordered a car load of scabs shipped by express froiu. Boston to Salt Lake City. He is going to vaccinate his family. The Rev. O. B. Frothingham is op posed to the gallows, and believes that poisons are the better way of taking the lives of criminals convicted of capital offenses. Cashter Amos Town send has com pleted a term of forty-seven years with the New Haven Bank, and thugh in his 75th year is still able to work vigorously at his desk all day. - The vitality of the human race is said to be on the increase. Hercules would have succumbed under the weight of in vective that a life insurance agent will Dear witnout winking. A Clerical Clown. The world has often been mildly as tonished by the versatility of genius, but at last a production of the nine teenth century has absolutely amazed it. The career of this wonderful man has but just commenced, and we wait with eagerness to see with which of the wide ly diverse currents it will eventually drift. Recently, while a North Caro lina audience was in the ecstacy of a circus entertainment, the clown gave a novel turn to the performance by making some earnert remarks upon the duty of his heareis in supporting and spreading the Gospel. They were surprised into rapt and respectful attention, and when next day he followed this beginning by a sermon, closing with an appeal for foreign misssions, a generous response was made. However successful he may have been in bis first venture we cannot but see that it would be better to make a final decision at once for one or the other calling. Custom is unyielding, and they cannot be made to blend har moniously. Imagine, as people leave his church after listening to one of his eloquent sermons, such remarks as these 1 "tWhat a lovely sermon !" " Oh, yes, lovely indeed ! But you should see him tumble !" Death of a Famous Steed. The famous horse, Skedaddle, died re cently, in Marion county, Ky. He was formerly the property of W. T. Pittman, of Boyle county, from whom he was kid napped by a band of scouting Confed erates. This was the horse on whose back Gen. John H. Morgan made his es cape from the prison at Columbus, O., and the last horse he rode during the war. By act of Parliament, an English banker is free from all responsibility as to the naver of a siht draft. He mav x v j pay the check to whoever presents it- asking no questions, requiring no iden tification, taking no risk. But if the draft is drawn at one day sight, or for ; any time, he must fully identify the in- dorser. For this reason many English drafts on bankers are drawn at one day sight. ... 1 While 3,000 copies of the Minnesota Governor's message have been ordered printed in Norwegian, 3,000 in Swede, 3,000 in German, 2,000 in French, and 1,000 in Welsh, but 1,000 have been or dered printed in English. The reason assigned for printing so small a number , in English is, that the message has been so widely circulated in- the English papers that it is unnecessary.'' Bergh has an organ at last and is happy. It is called the Animal King dom, and is issued monthly, and is de voted to the interests of all brutes except wife-beaters. As a family journal for? horses and cattle it is immense ; and un like other 'periodicals, no one is allowed to get' up a club for this monthly, on ac-' count of the memories the name inspires. . The population of the globe is usually estimated at 1,000,000,000. A new and careful estimate, based on the very - latest returns, has just been published at Gotha, by two competent German, : statisticians, who calculate the present number of the earth's inhabitants .at 1,377,000,000. - - :-- ..- T.J On the last day of the old year Presi dent Thiers dined with the Geaman Am bassador at Paris and received from him . a list of the Alsatians who ' opted for France. . There were 380,000 of them.' " New Tobk last year, arrested twenty- nine more female thieves than males.