Newspaper Page Text
Har shall $ounig $f publican
PLYMOUTH, IXDIAXA. NEWS SUMMARY. The East. New York has had another horrible double murder." Stephen Haas, a letter-carrier, quar reled with and murdered his mistress, Mrs. Barbara Schaffer, and then cut his own throat. It is stated that evidence has been obtained showing that the frauds under the old New York Board of Audit will amount to fully $10, 000,000. Fresh frauds are continually coining to light. The boiler of Wood's rolling-mills, at Norris town. Pa., blew up on the 3d inst., killing oight persons, and wounding thirteen more or less dangerously. John H. Selwyn, the well-known theatrical manager, died at Philadelphia last week. The Kepublicans of Connecticut have nom inated H. P. Haven for Governor. Andrew Dalrymp'le, living near Tidonte, Fa., was clandestinely engaged in filling a torpedo with nitro-glycerine, the other day, when it exploded, blowing him to atoms, killing his wife, and fatally injuring his children, who were in an adjoining apartment. Jacob Knoop, an eccentric German, was found dead in his room, in New York, the other day. When discovered, his dog was feeding on one of the legs, having eaten the flesh from the rest of the body. At the meeting of the Director of the Samana Bav Companv, at New York, the following fcivfi Committee was appointed : Paul W. Spofford, Chairman ; Frederick Schuchardt, S, L. M. Barlow, C. K. Garrison, Henry Clews, H. W. Grass. Burton N. Harrison, counsel for the company, says that hundreds of letters m iwp.ivAd dailv from parties desirous to emigrate to San Domingo. The City Council of Philadelphia has passed an ordinance making an appropriation of 500, nf the Centennial Celebration. A bill for 1,000,000 is pending in the Pennsyl vania Legislature. Old Joe Pentland, the veteran circus clown, died in New York last week of disease of the brain. Stokes is said to be growing demented, and his hair is rapidly turning white. Tn New York, the other day, William Barker, aged 16, shot and killed John Schaef- ler, aged 10. .T.x-Gov. Gearv died suddenly at Harris- burg, Pa., on the 8th. While sitting at break fast with his family, and in the act of helping his little son, his head suddenly fell back, and before his wife could get to his side he was dp&ft. It is supposed heart disease or apoplexy was the cause. Near Titusville, Pa., laet week, a train was tumbled into the river by a broken rail killing three passentrers and injuring some dozen others. The West. Minnesota papers are filled with the arrivals of persona reported as having frozen to death by the great January storm. It appears that numerous parties supposed to have been lost had simply taken refuge at some house, and a few days after the storm turned up all right. It is now thought that the loss of life at the utmost limit will not exceed thirty for the entire State. Chris. Bafferty, who murdered Policeman O'Mara, in Chicago, last spring, has been con Ticted of murder and sentenced to be hung. Work has been commenced on the western end of the Texas Pacific railroad. Dr. Phipps and a man named Hughes have been arrested at Marvin, Iowa, for attempting to procure an abortion on the wife of the lat ter, aged 16. The robbers who stole $15,000 worth of jewelry from a New York man at the Tremont House, in Chicago, have been arrested in the latter city. Fred Douglass, who viBited St. Paul to lec ture last week, was denied admittance to either of the first-class hotels, and was the guest of Hon. Wilford L. Wilson. No little excitement has been produced at Salt Lake by a report telegraphed there that the President has determined to remove all the troops from the Southern States, and sta tion them in reasonable contiguity to Utah. Mrs. Schunk. of Peoria, 111., was recently gored to death by a mad cow. McNulta, the Peoria wife-murderer, was hung on Friday, Feb. 7. On the same day Leo Canman, the Chicago mail-robber, was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment in the Illinois Penitentiary. Both made speeches protesting their innocence. Henry W. Bigelow, an old, wealthy and re spected citizen of Chicago, committed suicide recently by shooting himself through the head. Three persons were killed by the falling of the old wall of the Ferguson House, at Kansas City, Mo. At Jefferson City, Mo., the other day, two loving colored brothers, Charles and Joseph Clark, got into an altercation, which was ended by Charles drawing his little butcher-knife and plunging it into Joseph's heart. At Dodge City, Kansas, recently, a vigilance committee made a raid on a dance house and ended the earthly career of two frontier des peradoes. The South. Trains are now running regularly becween St. Louis and Little Bock, Ark., over the Cairo and Fulton railroad. The contemplated tour of the President and his Cabinet through the South next month is to be made the occasion, it is said, of numerous demonstrations in the larger cities. i Washington. Congress having abolished the franking privilege, it now proposes to do away with the twin evil of mileage a biH to that effect hav ing been prepared. A pension of $50 per month has been grant ed by Congress to Mrs. Bobert C. Ward, daughter of the late President Taylor, who, it appears, is in very destitute circumstances. The House Committee on Claims have re ported a bill passing the awards of claims al lowed by the Commissioners on Southern Claims. The bill embraces 1,300 names, and appropriates about 900.000. The defeat of Senator Sherman's Specie Payment bill in the Senate, the other day, was altogether sudden and unexpected; but it fully confirms the general impression that there will be no financial legislation this session. The Postmaster General has issued adver tisements for bids for the new penny postal cards. It is the intention of the department to have cards ready for issue by the 1st of May. The Postmuster General has already re ceived orders for new cards in such numbers as to lead him to believe that 100,000,000 of them will be used the first year. Congress has removed the political disabili ties of Bobert M. T. Hunter, of Virginia. The several Executive Departments of the Government, are making estimates for the amount of their postage for the 'next fiscal year, when the law abolishing the franking privilege takes effect. The estimate for the Treasury Department is $265,000 ; for the In terior Department, $220,000. The War, State, Navy and Justice Departments it is estimated will reach altogether $1,500,000. The success of the new loan is so promising that Secretary Boutwell has issued a call for one hundred millions of the 5-20 bonds of 1862, and will shortly issue a like call for another equal amount. Senator Sumner's health has unproved so much within the last week or two that his complete recovery is regarded as possible by his friends. The bill reported by the House Judiciary Committee to adjust the salaries of the several departments of the Government provides that after March 4, 1873, salaries will be fixed as follows: President, 850,000; Vice-President, $10,000: Chief Justice, $10,500; Justices of the Supreme Court, flO.OOO ; Cabinet officers, $10,000; Speaker of the House, $10,000 ; mem bers of Congress, $8,000. The President has pardoned two more of the Ku-Klux confined in the Albany Penitentiary. Washington advices report that Speaker Blaine will unquestionably be re-elected in the event of Congress assembling on March 4. It is said but few members of Congress favor an extra session. It is said the President will pardon nearly all the Ku-Klux prisoners in a very short time. It is believed that Assistant Secretary Bich ardeon is the coming Secretary of the Treasury. It is rumored that Ministers Bancroft, Jay and Sickles are to be recalled after the 4th of March. Foreign. Prince Lunalilo has been inaugurated King of the Sandwich Islands. Over 75,000 iron-workers in Wales are on strike. Lehree, a town in India of 6,000 inhabitants. has been overwhelmed by an earthquake, and 500 people killed. There has been another rise in the price of coal in London. It is now selling for 53 shil lings per ton. The British isles have been experiencing in tensely cold weather. One hundred persons froze to death in England within two days. The House Foreign Affairs Committee have j agreed to recommend the passage of the bill I incorporating the American, China and Japan Teegraph Company, with a capital of $10,000,000. Congress is being flooded with petitions in opposition to the proposed repeal of the Bank rupt act. President Grant, immediately after the close of the psent session of Congress, will, in company with members of the Cabinet, make an extended Southern tour, visiting New Or leans (via Richmond), Raleigh, Columbia, Charleston, Mobile, and other places. The cholera has again broken out in Russia and Hungary, in a violent form. Bobert Bowles, of the firm of Bowles Broth ers, American banners, nas been tried in Lon don for the fraudulent conversion of securi ties deposited with the firm, and acquitted. The Spanish steamer Murillo is under de tention at Cadiz, and her officers and crew are held in arrest upon the charge of having run down the emigrant ship Northfleet, in the En glish Channel. They deny all knowlege of the collision. Advices from Spain give accounts of numer ous encounters between the Government troops and Carlists, in different parts of the country, resulting uniformly in the success of the Royal arms. In one engagement 200 in' surgents were killed and 1,100 improved rifles captured. The following is a brief sketch of the Queen's speech on the opening of the British Parlia ment on the 6th inst. : "England is at peace everywhere. The great powers have promised to co-operate effectually for the suppression of slavery on the coast of Africa, Friendly negotiations are in progress with Bussia. Count Schouvaloff has assured her Ma jesty's Government of the friendship of the Czar for England. The new treaty of com merce between Great Britain and France is calculated to promote the friendship of the two countries. The President of the French Re public has been appointed to arbitrate the difference between Portugal and England rela tive to the possessions on the south coast of Africa. Copies of the Alabama and San Juan awards will be presented immediately. It is considered proper to hasten the payment of the Alabama award. The speech expresses regret at the rapid rise in prices, and the con sequent disputes between the workmen and employers, and promises that bills will be in troduced improving the Bystem of higher edu cation in Ireland, the reconstruction of the Supreme Appellate Court, and the prevention of corrupt practices at elections." Sir Alexander Cockburn has refused the Peerage, and has received the Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. John C. Fremont has been indicted by the Criminal Court of Paris for frauds committed in negotiating the Memphis and El Paso rail road bonds in that city. There was a lively debate in the British House of Lords on the motion for an address to the Throne, in which a number of disgusted Lords relieved their minds on the Geneva award. It is announced from Paris that a com promise has been effected between President Thiers and the Committee of Thirty the latter agreeing to modify their project by ex tending the veto power to the Executive, and according him the right to participate per sonally in the debates of the Chamber. Bills have been introduced in the British House of Commons providing for the abolition of capital punishment ; lookiag to the estab lishment of a protectorate over the Feejee Islands; providing that all treaties made be tween Great Britain and foreign powers most receive the ratification of Parliament ; legaliz ing marriage with a deceased wife's sister; providing for the purchase of the English rail ways by the Government; and removing electoral disabilities from women. The Committee of Thirty of the French Assembly have adopted the amendment offered by Haussonville, providing that the Council of Ministers shall decide whether the presence of Thiers is required in the Assembly during discussions on interpellations. The committee also adopted the remaining articles. The ac tion of the committee causes great excitement and uneasiness in Paris. Two passenger trains recently collided on the North British railway, near Edinburgh, by which nine persons were instantly killed, and a number seriously injured. And now comes Hungary proposing to join in the war upon the Jesuits, a bill having been introduced into the Chamber of Deputies pro viding for their expulsion from that country. A strange report comes from Madrid, to the effect that King Amadeus proposes to abdi cate the Spanish throne. The Carlist insurrection in Spain is growing formidable. It is said the Government is now acting on the defensive. Central. The sewing machine patents are about to ex pire, and, according to the New York Bulletin, there is a formidable combination of interests to lobby their extension through Congress. The royalty alone has yielded several million dollars, which were divided" among companies whose patents cover the essential points of the machine. These companies charge the American people one-half more for the ma chines than the rates at which precisely the the same articles are sold in Europe. The Bulklin tells that for a series of years the public has paid from $50 to $80 apiece for ma chines, which never cost more than from $5 to $8 each, and which could be sold for $15 to $20 each, and leave a handsome profit. There was an epidemic of railroad accidents on Tuesday, the 4th of February. A train was thrown from the track near Bussellville, Ky., and two coaches tumbled down a high em bankment. The wife and child of Lieut. Web iter, United States army, were killed, and some dozen others seriously injured. Near Lock Haven, Pa., a train was thrown from the track by a snow-slide, killing the engineer, and injuring two other employes. Near Little Bock, Ark., a number of passengers were in jured by an accident on the Fort Smith road. A brakeman fell from the cars near Tiffin, O., and was terribly mangled. Fires. Feb. 4. At Cincinnati The Globe Boiling Mills ; estimated Iobs, $50,000. Feb. 5. At Springfield, Mass. The Massa chusetts Insurance building, valued at $75,000, was burned, and the office of the Republican seriously damaged Lafayette, Ind. A num ber of stores were destroyed, entailing a loss of about $50,000 Boone, Iowa. Several stores and shops burned ; loss $15,000 to $20, 000 well insured. Feb. 7. At Evansville, Ind. Blount's plow factory; loss, $6,000 Brookfield, Mo.; loss, $30,000. Feb. 8. At Tipton, Mo. Herman Beef's brewery ; loss, $17,000 The Denver House, at Keokuk, Iowa, and a hotel at Sibetha, Kan sas, were burned to-day ; loss not stated Kirksville, Mo. ; loss, $25,000. Feb. 9. At Detroit, Mich. The Detroit Car-wheel Foundry Works were burned ; loss, 40,000 Albion, Mich. The Presbyterian church, valued at $20,000, was destroyed Phildelplua, Pa. The terra cotta works of John Newcomb were burned ; loss, $30,000. Feb. 10. At St. Louis, Mo. ; loss, $7,000. ..Cincinnati, Ohio ; loss, $12,000 At San Francisco, Sage's oil wareheuae was burned. causing a series or temnc explosions ; loss not stated. testified that William B. Allison took ten shares. He paid for his stock and never got a penny . for his services. The firm of Samuel Hooper also had stock. The committee heard the testimony of Mr. Hooper ; after which Mr. Stevenson undertook to re-examine Speaker Blaine as to his former testimony. During the examination, the Speaker, upon being catechized in a manner nun-ii eeeujsu ""yruixsr, cnaracienzea oieven son's conduct as unbecoming, and said it was against common decency. He added that it could be shown that Stevenson had an animus against him (Blaine). Judge Poland request ed both to stop the contest. Stevenson wanted to examine the witness in relation to the transactions of .Blaine of a private nature, but Judge Poland thought the testimony al ready covered the points. Oakes Ames was a large subscriber. J. F. Wilson and Glenni W. Scofield were subscribers also. The Govern ment need not talk much of land given to Iowa, as it amounted to nothihg, nearly all of it being worthless. It reminded him of the Frenchman who had given away $2,000 before DreaKlast, ana wlien asked how he made it. replied : ' I have just marked my goods up." Laughter. B. F. Ham, Secretary of the Credit Mobilier, and Auditor of the Union Pacific Company in New York, was examined by the Wilson com mittee, sitting at Boston, on the 7th inst. He stated he had searched the books for the cost of the Hoxie contract on the road between Omaha and the 100th meridian. It cost $12,974,416.24. of which $1,994,769.90 remained unpaid. The 82,000,000 note was not given on account of this indebtedness. The cost of building was $7,806,183.33 ; could not give the cost of the first fifty-eight miles west of the 100th meridian. He knew no adjustment of profits on the fifty-eight miles, but $1,104,000 were paid on it by the Credit Mobilier on 1 per cent, interest and the prospective profits. The Credit Mobilier advanced $723,600.80 on the Ames contract. No adjustment was ever made to witness' knowledge, and he knew nothing of the cost of the 138 completed mileo included in the Ames contract, nor of the 58 mSes built on the Hoxie contract. The amount of stock of the Union Pacific railroad sold dur ing the execution of the Hoxie contract was 5,000,000, a million and a quarter of which went to the Credit Mobilier in Government bonds. Have examined the balance sheets presented by Crane yesterday, and find them substantially correct. The Trustees' profits were described as in securities and stock, of which Crane gave the footings, and several items were testified to. The summary is as follows : Profits on the Ames contract $29,a"!l,!3GO Profits on the Davis contract 7,802,135 Profits on the Hoxie contract 5,108,232 Senate bill appropriating $130,000 for a Government building at 3ovington, Ky., was passed The re mainder of the day's session was devetea to the consideration of bills of a private nature. Monday, Feb. 10. Senate. Pomeroy (Kan sas) offered a resolution for a committee to investi gate the charges against him ; adopted ; Freling huysen, Buckingham, Alcorn, Thurroan and Vickpra appointed on the committee Bills passed : To provide for a commission to complete the boundary line between the United States and Great Britain, under the act of 18S6, to execute tue treaty of 1846 ; to provide for the distribution of the Geneva award. The amendment to the Southern Claims Com mission bill extending the commission to January 1, 1876, was agreed to. Hoche. A motion to suspend the rules to pass the substitute for the Senate bill ex tending the provisions of the Agricultural College act of 1872 was lost The Senate bill appropriating $200,000 for Government buildings at Grand Bapids, Mich., was passed Bills introduced: For the re demption of United States notes in coin after May, 1874 ; to revive shipping and commerce ; to refund taxes improperly collected The bill to increase the salaries of the President and other executive otScers was defeated yeas, 81; nays, 120... Cox (N. Y.) offered a resolution defining the relative powers of the National and State Governments, and opposing centralization as the most dangerous of all abut es ; lost yeas, 85 ; nays, 84 two-thirdB being necessary to pass it. The Credit Mobilier. The Wilson committee had an uninteresting session on the 4th. John a. Alley was the only witness, and his testimonv related almost wholly to the dry details or the Union I'acihc railroad, and in an effort to show that nothing has been made out of the road ; that those who built it look bankruptcy in the face, and all that rending the return of Oakes Ames, the committee is engaged in preparing a report on the evidence already in. This report will take up the case of each Congressman, and make special reference thereto. The report will be accompanied by no resolution, but will simply leave the House to take such action as the evidence submitted may lustifv. The Poland committee reported to the House the evidence taken with regard to Sen ators Wilson, Harlan, I'atterson, and Vice- President Colfax, and it was unanimouslv cer tified to the Senate for its action as the latter body shall deem proper. At the llson committee, on the 5th. F. C Hoover appeared as a volunteer witness, and testified to certain matters of which he pro- resBes to nave Knowledge, implicating lion. William D. Kellev, of Pennsylvania, in the Credit Mobilier business. The fact was brought out that Hoover was arrested last year for a blackmailing operation, and other facts were proven showing such a notoriously bad charac ter that all in the committee-room were satis fied that for some purpose or other he was manufacturing thestory,,which had no founda tion in fact. Hoover is not believed to be sane. At the sitting of Judge Poland's committee. on the 6th, Congressman James Brooks sub mitted a letter from ex-Secretary Browning, dated March zi, lsbs, transmitting a commis sion as a Government director of the Union Pacific, and stated that it was on the 27th of De cember, 1867, that Neilson got his shares from Durant. Horaco F. Clark, President of the Union Pacific, was examined by Mr. Brooks. He testified that he never had any interest in the Credit Mobilier. The witness' examina tion as to the construction of the road de veloped nothing new. One hundred per cent was not regarded as a large profit on construc tion. He did not think the capital could be raised now to build the Union Pacific, even if sfiu.ouu.uuu or prohts were guaranteed. Hon James M. Beck, of Kentucky, was sworn and examined bv Mr. Brooks. The witness was a member of the conference committee inrelation to the interest question of the Union Pacific railroad. He has been very intimate with Brooks, and does not remember of Brooks ever speaking to him in any shape or form whatever in regard to -the Pacific road. Hon. Daniel W. Voorhees was examined by Mr. Brooks. Witness was a member of the Pacific Railroad Committee during the Forty-first Congress, and had questions up in which the.Uniou Pa cific road was deeply interested. Mr. Brooks never spoke to the witness- on the subject of the Pacific railroads, and never appeared before the Railroad Committee on any measure be fore it. , The Yfilson committee heard the testimony of ex-Ponsion Commissioners (Jox and smith. of the Land Office, showing that Hoover, a former witness, had a questionable character. After hearing the testimony of Hon. Wm. D. Kelley, of Pennsylvania, contradicting Hoover's statements, the committee adjourned. A dispatch from Boston of the 6th inst, says : Judge Wilson, Chairman of the Con gressional Committee, re-examined Rollins, Treasurer of the Union Pacific road, to-dav. He said the check for $19,000, said to have been given to J. F. Wilson, has on it the fol lowing indorsements, the initials " T. A. S. being in pencil : " Pay E. H. Rollins, Secre tary, or order. (Signed) " B. W. Spencer. (Signed) " E. H. Rollins, Secretary." " For collection for Girard National Bank, Phila delphia. T. A. S." (Signed) " W. A. Shella- dy, for Cashier." The $3,000 paid Rollins in December was for services rendered at Wash ington. He never received a dollar from the company that he did not earn. The profit on Ames' contract so far as appeared on the books as divided was $29,854,960 in stock and bonds at par, and that on the Davis contract 87.802.135 in the same material. on the 7th inst., John L Blair was examined by Bepresentative Stevenson. The witness tnt.ified that he was an original corporator of the Sioux City and Iowa Falls and Dubuque railroad, with Pratt Smith, of Dubuque ; John F. Duncombe, of Fort Dodge, and W. W. Walker, of Cedar Bapids. He detailed the his tory of building the road, the legislation by Congress renewing the land grant in 1856 to the State, and the legislation of the State giv ing the grant to the road, and testified that not a dollar was expended in procuring such legislation, either before Congress or the State Legislature. The witness never expended a cent for blackmail for any one, either as mem ber of Congress or private citizen. There was not a single road across Iowa to-day that was worth the money it cost to build it. The wit ness referred to the list of subscriptions and Total profit to contractors of entire road in stock and securities at their par value. $42,825,327 A Washington telegram of the 8th savs : Judge Poland's committee, this morning, held a secret session for two hours, and discussed the evidence preparatory to a final report, to be made within a week or ten days. They only await the return of Ames to close the examina tion. It was decided to send the Sergeant-at- Arms for him if he is not heard from to-day. Two telegrams sent to him are unanswered. After the examination of Ames, Mr. Colfax will be allowed to offer testimony to show where the $1,200 deposited in the First National Bank came from ; but the committee expect to hear all this evidence in one day and then close. At the request of Judge Hale, counsel for Mr. Colfax, the committee directed that Ames be notified to bring his memorandum book, referred to in his testimony, on his return. lhe llson committee examined no wit nesses on the 8th. Judge C. T. Sherman, of Ohio, was examined by the Wilson committee on the 10th. The witness thought the prices allowed under the Ames contract were double what they should have been. At one-half that price the con tractors could have made fair profits. The Hoxie contract was the one entered into while the witness held the f-uaition of Government Director. The manner in which the road was constructed under the Hoxie contract was satisfactory. Had not the Credit Mobilier been formed and taken hold of the road the work would have been stopped in sixty davB. If the Credit Mobilier expended $30,000,000 and made $15.000,000 profit thov made no more than rair profit, lie did not think that 41,- 000,000 was an extravagant price for building the road. The Poland committee met on the 10th, but nothing was done. It is probable that several davB will be occupied in examining the evi dence before further action can be determined. The committee will ask leave to sit during the sessions of the Senate. FORTY-SECOXD CONGRESS. Tuesday, Feb. 4. Senate. Bills introduced: To raiBe the salaries of the President and Vice-Pres ident to $59,000 and $10,000 respectively ; to author ize the consolidation of national banks A copy of the evidence taken in the Credit Mobilier investiga tion was received from the House. Mr. Patterson moved the appointment of a select committee of five, with power to send for persons and papers, to whom the matter Bhould be referred, which was agreed to. House. The evidence taken before Poland's Cred it Mobilier committee was reported and ordered printed. The bill for the payment of the Montana war claims was passed. Wednesday, Feb. 5. Senate. Senator An thony, in the chair, appointed Messrs. Morrill (Me.), Scott, Stockton, Wright, and Stevenson, a special committee to consider the testimony transmitted by the Credit Mobiuer committee ot the House The Finance bill was laid on the table The Com mittee on Indian Affairs reported favorably the Bouse bill for the relief of settlers on the late Sioux reservation in Minnesota Frelinghuysen, from the Judiciary Committee, reported adversely the bill to refund 2 per cent, to Ohio, Indiana, and Illi nois; Thurman submitted a minori'y report. Uuth ordered printed A bill was introduced extending tne time for hnng claims tor additional oounty un der the act of July, 1866 A resolution was intro duced and laid over instructing the Election Com mittee to inquire whether Arkansas has a legal State Government. House. A bill was passed repealing the act of July, 1861, which prohibits the allowance of pensions unless prosecuted to successful issue within five years from the date of being filed, and allowing claims so barred to be granted upon parole evidence, witmn two years rrom the passage or the act An amendment to the Postal Appropriation bill increas ing the appropriation for carriers from $1,600,000 to $1,700,000, and allowing the employment of carriers in places having 20,000 population, was agreed to. Thursday, Feb. 6. Senate. Ferry (Mich.) presented a concurrent resolution of the Legisla ture of Michigan in favor of setting apart a portion of the Island of Mackinac for a National Park .... A bill was introduced by Logan directing the Postmaster-General to advertise for proposals from American citizens for weekly mail service for fifteen years, by at least six American-built 4,000-ton screw steamers, between New York and Liverpool, at not to exceed $600,000 per annum.... The Diplomatic and Consular Appropriation bill, the Fortification bill, and the bill for the distribution of the Geneva award were passed. House. A resolution authorizing the Wilson se lect committee on the Credit Mobilier, etc., to con sider and act upon the testimony taken before, the Poland committee was adopted In Committee of the Whole a motion to strike from the Postal Appro priation bill the item of $500,000 for increase of com pensation for carrying the mail on railroad routes, and authorizing the Postmaster-General to readjust the compensation on certain conditions, was lost. The amendment reducing the appropriation to be paid out of the Treasury by $1,500,000 was adopted. The amendment providing for letter carriers in places having 20,000 population was agreed to. The bill as amended was passed The bill for a rail road bridge at Memphis was discussed and recom mitted The Scofield conference committee on the bill for constructing sloops-of-war made a report agreeing to the construction of eight such vessels at a cost not exceeding $3,200,000. Adopted: Fkiday, Feb. 8. Senate. A resolution was passed directing the Secretary of the Treasury to furnish a statement of the earnings and expenses of the Pacific railroad for 1870-71 The Committee on Library renorted adversely the bill providing for an international copyright Mr. Sherman introduced a bill authorizing an irrevocable deposit of money in the United States Treasury, and the payment of five per cent, thereon for charitable or educational pur poses. ...Mr. Alcorn reported a bill to aid the construction of the Sutro tunnel The bill for the distribution of the Geneva award was discussed without action A bill was passed relieving a large number of Southerners from political disabilities. The Senate refused to entertain an amendment in cluding the name of Jefferson Davis, offered by Mr. Flanagan (Rep.), of Texas. Roithx: Aft.r th riisrvwial of a few private bills. House went into Committee of the Whole on the Millitary Appropriation bill, and spent the remainder oi the aay in its consideration. 8atukday, Feb. 8. Senate. Not in session. Housb. Dawes made an appeal to take up and pass a new Boston relief bill, but Kerr objected. . ENORMOUS FRAUDS. Expose of the Memphis and El Paso Rail road Swindle How French Capitalists Were Robbed to the Time of Several millions The Then FreaihGovernment a Party to the Steal. The New York Sun of the 7th has the following facts regarding another series ' of enormous frauds which are on the eve of investigation : .We have been pained at rumors, cir culated during the last three or four years, accusing Gen. John C. Fremont of dishonesty in the sale in France of six or eight millions of bonds issued in behalf of the Memphis and El Paso, or, as it was more commonly called, the " Transcontinental Railway." Suit has been instituted in the French courts, which will bring the matter to the test of judicial investigation. These trans actions occurred nine or ten years ago, when the Government of Louis Napo leon was still in possession of despotic powers. There were circumstances of a most remarkable nature connected with the affair. The managers of the under taking, whoever they were, gained by means a surprising hold upon the French Ministry. They secured for their bonds admission to the Paris Bourse, a privi lege which cannot be accorded in France to any foreign railway securities with out express authority from the Govern ment. These bonds were put upon the market, and, under the sanction of this official guarantee, they were advertised in the journals, and a special weekly newspaper, called the Transcontinental, was established to commend them to favor. It was even represented in this paper that the United States Govern ment had guaranteed the pavment of these bonds. Another suspicious inci dent was the presentation to the Bourse in Paris of a certificate, signed, sealed and apparently certified to with every necessary legal formality, stating that the Transcontinel bonds were regularly delt in and sold in the Pew lork Stock Exchange this being contrary to the truth, and all the signatures, seal and everything being forgeries. Gen. Cluseret, at that time a French citizen, published attacks upon the scheme, and he was at once summoned before the Minister of the Interior, and by way of punishment ordered to quit 1 ranee within twenty-four hours. The Courrier des Etata Unix, a journal long established, and of high respecta bility, likewise ventured to criticise the project, and the result was that it was immediately excluded from France, and deprived of the important benefit of circulating in the French West India Colonies. It cannot be supposed that all this was ttccomplished without the payment of bribes to an administration so corrupt as that of the Second Empire. What these bribes were have never been pre cisely ascertained, but it is notorious that the " Transcontinental " bought a large quantity of iron and a supply of locomotives from JUL. bchroeder, the great manufacturer of Creuzot, who was then President of the French legislative body, paying him enormously. The nominal value of the bonds sold to the French amounted, we think, to between seven and eight millions of dollars, net ting perhaps five millions. Mow much of this money was spent in France is not known, but what is certain, is that not a mile of the proposed railway was ever constructed, and that when tjie concern went into bankruptcy in this country, the receiver .found no movable assets, except a quantity of iron and a number of French locomotives, rusted and comparatively worthless, stored at New Orleans. These are the general outlines of one of the most remarkable in all the list of fraudulent and unfor tunate railroad enterprises. We pre sume that the approaching trial in Paris will develop all the facts in tins strange and romantic story. A Test of the Extinction of Life. In view of the uncertainty regarding the final extinction oi life that occasion ally arises. Dr. Magnus proposes the fol lowing test for the decision of the mat ter. If a limb of the body (a finger is best for the purpose) be constricted by a strong ligature quite tightly, there will, if the subject is yet alive, be a red dening of the constricted member. First the part in question becomes red, and then the red color becomes darker and darker, and deeper in hue, until it is finally converted into a bluish-red, the whole limb being, from its tip to the lig ature which encircles it, of a uniform color, except that at the region immedi ately around the ligature itself there is to be seen a narrow ring, which is not bluish-red, but white. Though there may be slight discoloration after death, the doctor has satisfied himself by ex periment that this cannot be confounded with the complete discoloration that at tends the performance ol the test on living limb. Scribner's for February. A man in Youngstown, Ohio, bet thirty dollars one bitter cold day last week that ne could walk to warren.. He spoiled s forty-five dollar suit of clothes, a four teen dollar pair of boots, paid a doctor ten dollars to thaw but hn ears, and was arrested at k Warren as a suspicious character, and locked up two days in jail, lie -won his Det. i A case in Hartford, Conn., is reported of a lady giving birth to one child on the 17th and another oi the 19th of the same month. ? ( Edmund Chicago. . Yates has bought a. lot in THE NORTHFLEET HORROR. Foil Details of the Terrible Disaster- Extraordinary Panic on Board the Sink ins Ship Thrilling Description of the Scenes on the lU-Fated Vessel. The details of the terrible disaster to the ship Northfleet are published, from which it appears that at half-past 10 at night, the Captain and others were alarmed by a cry from the officer of the watch, " A ship is right into us." The Captain and pilot rushed on deck, but be fore they got there the steamer had run into the vessel, striking her amidships and cutting her below water-miark. The carpenter quickly reported her nearly half full of water. The pumps were started promptly, and the crew worked hard at rfhem for some minutes, but when it was found that the water was rapidly gaining, a panic seemed to seize both the crew and passengers, and after wards it was impossible to keep the latter in check. A crowd of men and women had rushed up from their berths, many only half clothed. The passengers had mostly retired, but a few were un dressing. The noise of the collision is likened by one of them to a peal of thunder, and, such was the violence of the shock, that those standing were knocked down. It appears the steamer rebounded and came a second time in collision with the Northfleet. Water began to pour in, and, in a very short time, the passengers quarters were swamped. The women were slower to rush on deck than the men, and many were not in a condition to go till the water rose threateningly around them. No one on board the steamer was heard to speak, although the loud and eager shouts from the Northfleet must have made her crew aware of the terrible danger that existed. She backed for two or three minutes, and then steaming rapidly away was soon out oi sight. or half an hour the scene on the deck of the Northfleet was appalling. Women shrieked, men cursed, and swore, and fought their way towards the boats, whilst the Captain and first mate roared out commands to the men to keep back, and allow the women to get to the side of the vessel, but apparently with out success. Rockets were fired, and blue lights burned. The gun was loaded, but the screws of the ramrod became detached from the handle, and the piece could not be discharged. The signals of distress were seen by several vessels, but appear to have been regard ed as signals for a pilot, for no assist ance was rendered. Meanwhile the scene on deck baffles description. The Captain, finding the men determined to leave the vessel, went below, armed him self with a revolver,- and, ascending the poop, declared his determination to shoot the first man who tried to leave the vessel before the women were saved. The first boat launched was lowered by the passengers, by cutting the ropes. There being no' ladder at hand, the only way of getting into it was by leap ing or dropping some twelve or fifteen feet. As there was a terrible rush to wards the boat, the scene was one of distressing confusion, and a man and boy fell into the water, and were drown ed. The officers did all they could to force the men who first got into the boat to leave it, that the women might be saved, but no porpose. Even firing with blank cartridge, it is supposed at first, was unavailing. About thirty persons, having got into the boat, put off. Not one of the crew was in it. Another life boat was launched. A man got into it, and was ordered to leave. He refused, and the Captain shot him in the calf. Then Capt. ruiowles placed his wife m the boat, and said to the boatswain, who had already got in, " Here's a charge for you, boatswian. Take care of her and the rest, and God bless you." Wring ing his wife's hands, he bade her good bye, saying, "I shall never see you again." It is impossible to describe the panic that raged all this time. Heart rending scenes were witnessed on all sides. One of the passengers, seeing the Captain's wife in the boat, threw his own wife in, tossed the baby to her, and en tered the boat himself. A little girl was thrown into the boat byjjher father, who tried to save the rest of his family, but the seething, maddened crowd pressing to ward the side of the vessel prevented him, and with his wife and two other children he went down with the ill-fated vessel. The engineer made frantic efforts to save his wife and children, but was jammed be tween the cook-house and the gunwale, and received such dreadful injuries that he is in a presarious state. Only two of the seven boats aboard were launched, owing, no doubt, to the panic, and they were seriously injured, as the tackle was cut and they fell into the sea. When the second boat had got off, it seemed to be a question of mo ments. The quarter . deck was still crowded by men, women, and children, some crying, swearing, and praying. The captain and pilot were together, and the latter was heard saying, "If you want to save yourselves make for the topmast." To this many poor people rushed. In a quarter of an hour a tug picked up the second boat with thirty occupants, and then steamed for some time around the spot where, about three quarters of an hour after being struck, the Northfleet went down head first with awful suddenness with 327 souls on board. At that moment the first boat was 100 yards, and the second only 20 or 30 from the vessel. The crew of the first boat, after landing the women, rowed around the scene of the wreck, and saved five men trying to swim to shore. A lugger took off the occupants of the second boat, thirty-four passen gers, and a pilot-cutter rescued the pilot and ten men, who, having gone down with the vessel, rose to the surface and clung to the maintop-mast rigging. The vessel lies in eleven fathoms of water. The survivors say the captain displayed the greatest heroism, and maintained his presence of mind from first to. last, strove hard to put an end to the panic, and did his duty bravely to the did. He was at the last moment going across the wreck in hope of enabling some of the crowd, crushing round the boats on that side, to get away from the ship. The survivors say other boats got adrift when the ship sunk, and express the be lief that, if the passengers had allowed them to be lowered properly, there could have been saved at least one hundred more lives. - Unfortunately the -women could not climb the mata, although we did all in our power to help them, con sequently all the women and children, with the exception of the eaptain's wife and another and two children, were drowned. , ..