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TOE THE LITTLE FOLKS,
Cracking Nuts. When the enow is drifting, sifting, Through the leafless maple boughs. And the saucy wind is lifting All the latches in the house, ' Isn't it fun, boys, to sit by the fire, Willi ail the good nuts that you can desire, And Fancy or Kate To fill up your plate T While the hammer goes whack, whack, whack : At a rattling pace . - - - On the flatiron's face, , The hickory nuts to crack. When the red flames, dancing, glancing Up the sooty chimney flue, Seem like summer's lightning lancing Fleecy smoke-clouds through and through, Isn't it fun, girls, to sit in the light Of such a bright fire, on such a rough night, And hud in the flame Your fortune or name? While the hammer goes whack, whack, whack ! At a rattling pace On the flatiron's face. The hickory nuts to crack. In his arm-chair, smoking, joking. Grandpa tells us old-time stories How the Yankees, wanting no king. Conquered George and all his tones ! O, isn't it fun, boys and girls, to know That your grandfather lived bo long ago. And that he can tell Old stories so well ? While the hammer goes whack, whack, whack ! At a rattling pace On the flatiron's face, The hickory nuts to crack. In her arm-chair codding, plodding With her needles, grandma sees Through the smoke-wreaths grandpa flooding Our young ears with tales like these. And O, boys, ient it fun to behold her Trying to set herself up for a scolder ? For the double chin Wont let her begin ! And now the old lady, Is laughing already I While the hammer goes whack, whack, whack! At a rattling pace On the flatiron's face, The hickory nuts to crack. Let the north wind rattle, battle ! Rake the t?ee tops ! shake the doors ! We will sing, and laugh, and prattle Where the cheery hearth-fire roars ; For the boy aud the girls, it is fun to gather. On a stormy night in wild winter weather, Bound the warm, bright tide Of th chimucy-Bide, While the hammer goes whack, whack, whack ! At a rattling pace On the flatiron's face, The tickory nuts to crack. The Ship of the Desert. This is the name given in the East to the camel, which is one of the greatest blessings the bountiful Creator has be stowed upon the oriental nations. De signed for a country' where "it can find little nourishment, it is extremely spare in the whole of its formati&n. ' The head is smalF; the body yxrd with a soft and rather long hair of, a reddish color. Its lea's and thie-hs sfem, k be denrived o o . ) f r of every muscle but snchs are wnted for the purpose of motion ; anXijTwitb; eredifreme eems furnished only with the, vessels and tendns necessary to hold together. The camel is provided, more $vr, witfi a strong jaw, that lie may grind'ythe hardest food ; but, lest he should eaj.too much his stomach is con tracted, so that ' like cows and sheep, he is obliged to chew the cud. There are i a 1 ! i r 1 : 1. i I mu iocs uu uis iiooi, wiucii However, is not fully divided. He has often to cross deserts of loose and deep sand in which a hoof quite divided would have sunk too far, while the one which he has, being entire in the under part, enables him to move over the surface with" more ease. Hid foot is lined with a lump of flesh, which fits him only for a dry, level, and C fl T l cwtl " Without any sort of defense against hi enemies, , the camel is obviously in tended for a domesticated state, like that in which the sheep and some other ani mals live; but the wise Creator has placed his home in the depth of vast deserts, where the want of vegetation can attract no game, and where, in con sequence, voracious creatures, such as lions, tigers, leopards, and wolves, can have no inducement to prowl. The fugi tives from babel found this invaluable beast of burden wandering on the edge of the wilderness, and by its assistance peopled the most barren regions on the face of the globe. No animal employed by man for the purposes of traffic equals it in size, in stvength, in activity, and in docility, patience, and power of endur ance, it is surpassed by none. Like the ass, it is pleased with the coarsest food, and a very little even of that satisfies ita moderate appetite. The labor and Fa tigue which it is capable of enduring, on the poorest and scantiest means' of sub sistence, almost exceed belief. It wll travel four or five days without water V whilst half a gallon of beans and barley, or else a few balls made of the flour, will sustain it a whole day. Before drinking, it disturbs the water with its feet ;'and then, after the manner of pigeons, takes several successive draughts. In traveling over the deserts of Arabia, a full-sized camel will carry a weight of more than a thousand pounds ; he re ceives this load kneeling, but if his driver lays more on him, he refuses to rise till the burden is lessened. This animal has sometimes been yoked to a chariot, and forced to contend in the race. The Emperor Nero sent to certain games chariots drawn by camels ; and another Roman Emperor, Heliogabalus, is reported to hayeamused himself in his private circus frith chariots drawn by the same number. To .this custom the prophet Isaiah alludes.Wn his prophecy of the fall of Babylon : " He saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot of camels. " In time of war, too, these useful crea tures have been pressed into the service of conflicting hosts ; they then groaned under the cumbrous baggage of Oriental armies, or mingled in the tumult of bat tle. Many of the Amalekites, who burned Ziklag, (1 Samuel xxx. 1), were mounted in this manner, for we are told j (vet. 17) that not a man of the whole army escaped the furious onset of David, " save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled." The Arab ians used to set two warriors upon each animal, back to back, of whom one op posed the advancing enemy, and the other repelled the pursuer. All the Arabians in the army of Xerxes, the an cient historian Herodotus says, were mounted on camels that equaled in speed the swiftest horses. The people called Bactrians, from the name of the province in Persia in which they lived, also fought in the same manner ; and the Parthians, in their wars with the Romans, threw incessant showers of arrows from their horses and camels on the legions of their terrible foe. Mounted on this " ship of the desert," the traveler in the East pursues his way over vast and trackless regions with ease and safety. For his convenience, a couple of round baskets are slung on each side with covers, which hold all his neces saries, and between which he is seated. Sometimes two long chairs, like cradles, are hung on each side, with a covering in which he may sit, or stretched at his ease, resign himself to sleep, without interrupting his journey. These -covered baskets, or chairs, are the " camels' fur niture," where Rachel put the . images which she stole from her father. (Gen. xxxi. 34.) That species called the dromedary i3 chiefly remarkable for its swiftness ;'the Arabs say that " it will run over as much ground in one day as one of their best horses will do in eight or ten." No doubt this is an Oriental exaggeration, but the prophet Jeremiah has good reason (Jer. ii. 23) to call it the " swift dromedary." Dr. Shaw, who traveled much in the East, had several opportunities of vary ing the estimate of the Arabs in relation to the speed at which their " ships" can perform a journey. The sheik, or chief, who conducted the party to Mount Sinai, rode a camel of this kind, and would often favor them with a display of its abilities: " he would leave their caravan, reconnoiter another just in view, and re turn to them in less than a quarter of an hour." The dromedary has but one hump on its back ; the common camel has two. These creatures are not only of great importance in the East as beasts of bur den, but also as a means of subsistence in that inhospitable desert. Their flesh and their milk supply their owners with food, and their hair is woven into stuffs for his clothing. This hair is not shora off, but is plucked off about the time it is naturally shed. It was raiment of this kind that John the Baptist wore ; made of the shaggy hair of which we have above spoken. When a caravan of camels arrives at a resting or baiting place, they kneel, and the cords sustaining the load being un tied, the bales slip down on each side. They generally sleep on their bellies, crouching beneath the bales they have carried ; the load, is therefore! easily re placed when they recommence their jour ney. Those which are used for speed alone are capable of traveling sixty or even ninety miles a day. Sowing Discord. "Aunt Alice, I think Sarah Lee is the most disagreeable girl in our school ; she is always making mischief. Now I have helped her ever so many times in her les sons, and lent her my history, but she is not in the least grateful. She told Mabel that I was very proud of my curly hair, and that my composition wasn't half as gooJ as Mary Gray's. "Were not both statements true?" quietly asked her aunt. Laura blushed, but presently said : "I think it is very bad of hereto talk about me in that way. I suppose she was provoked because I got above her in spelling. I am sure it was not my fault that she missed. T told Mabel I thought that was what made her so spiteful." " You never talk against her, do you, Laura ?" "No, indeed; I am sure' I never did." "Take care, my child ; I think I can- convince you that you said she was the most disagreeable girl in school, that she was always making mischief, that she was ungrateful, and spiteful because you got above her. Now, did she ever say anything half as bad about you. How would it sound if what you have just said was told her, exactly a3 you said it ? Would you not be very sorry indeed to have her hear it ?" Laura looked, as she felt, very much confused, .and she had no apology to offer. Always look carefully within when any one speaks ill of you, and see if you do not deserve it, and cannot learn a lesson from it. Then, before you allow yourself to get angry, ask if you have not said quite as bad things about the other person. There are a great many hasty words spoken, which hurt nobody but the speaker, unless they are repeat ed. To do this is a tale-bearer's busi ness ; that is strictly forbidden in the Bible. Thou shalt not go up and down as a tale-bearer among my people.' It was wrong for Mabel to repeat the words that gave you so much pain, and it is quite likely that she reported your .answer also. Of all seed-sowing, it is poorest to sow discord among those who should be good friends. I think the true course for you, dear, is to repent truly of your unkind words, and seek, by constant kindness, to be at peace with your friend. As you are much the greatest offender, it is proper that the first step toward peace-making should come from you. Jn venile Prayer. " Kitty's going to join our Sabbath school ; she's coming with me next Sun day ; ain't you, Kitty ?" " Oh, I don't know I've never been to Sabhath school what do you have to do?" "Why, you get saved, of course ; and books and albums, and . "I mean what do you have to do have to study anything ?" "Oh, it isn't like that. It's like church, you know. When yon first go in you have to put your head down and pray." " But I can't pray," says heathen Kit ty. "I don't know how to bow." "Oh, well, do as I do. Shutyoi.' eyes and count fifty" Causes of the Trojan War. In the early part of the twelfth cen tury before Christ, the gods held a feast in honor of the marriage of Peleus and Thetis, to which all the gods and god desses except Isis, the Goddess of Dis cord, were invited. Isis was enraged by this slight, and to be revenged of the gods, she threw a golden apple into the assembly, on which was written, " The apple for the fair one." Then conten tion arose among the gods as to whom the apple should be given, for Minervi, Juno and Venus each claimed it. It finally was agreed that they should ac cept of the decision of Paris, a shepherd, son of Priam, King of Troy. So these three goddesses repaired to Mount Ida, where Paris tended his flock, to obtain his decision. Each of the three used all the means in her power to obtain the decision in her favor. Ve nus offered him the most beautiful woman in the world for his wife; this offer he could not withstand, and so he decided she was the 4 4 fair one. " Helen, a princess of Greece, was the most beautiful woman, and she had been sought in marriage by all the princes of Greece, and they agreed that whosoever of their number she should choose should have her, and that the rest would protect her from being car ried off from her husband, and if car ried off, would aid in restoring her to him. , , Helen chose as her husband, Mene laus. Paris, guidedjby Venus, came to Greece, and enticed Helen to elope with him, and they fled to Troy. Menelaus called the princes of Greece together, and told them what had happened and reminded them of their promise. The princes swore that they would stand by him and help him recover his bride. So a fleet of eleven hundred and eighty-six vessels, each carrying about fifty men, was gathered at Anlis, in Bo cotia, and placed under the command of Agamemnon, the brother of Menelaus, to make war upon Troy. The True Inventor of the Locomotive. On Redclay creek a tributary to the Christine, running into it parallel with the Brandywine, near the city of Wil mington a number of mills have seated themselves, attracted by its swift tor rent, amid scenery of steeps and rapids comparable with that on the Lehigh about Mauch Chunk. 0 these the most interesting traditions attach to the Faulk land Mills. Their name may remind the reader of the first novel of the late Lord Lytton "Falkland," written in 1828 but it was given to the spot long before in designation of a primitive settlement, Faulk's Land. The association with this site is that of Oliver Evans, the true in ventorof the locomotive, who here worked and dreamed in a mill enriched with his contrivances. Evans, like Fitch, is one of the world's lost renowns. Had the legislators of his time possessed sagacity enough to endow his inventions, the advantages of steam transport would have been anticipated by several years, and the glory would have radiated from the Delaware river instead of from the Hudson. His de sign for a locomotive was sent to England in 1787, disputing priority with the "steam wagons" of James Watt. He built steamboats at Philadelphia in 1802 and 1803, and ran them successfully, an tedating by five years the Clermont of -Kooert ulton Jjulton, wnoni people are beginning to regard with Mr. Stone, author of the recent " History of New York," as the man who has received the greatest quantity of undeserved praise of all who ever lived. Oliver Evans, born in 1755 of a respectable family, was a miller at Faulkland, where his smaller inventions were first put in use. The pianJK just under the apex of the roof, which he used to retire to as his private study, was shown until 1867, when the old mill was burned. Up among the swallows, as he lay on the board to which, as Beecher expresses it, he " brought the softness" the children of his genius were conceived and delivered. The mill was full of his labor-saving machines, which clattered to the bab bling Redclay. One of his notions was the mill-" elevator" (an improvement of something he had seen in Marshall's mill at Stanton), by which grain was raised to the top of the building in buckets set along a revolving belt which passed from the roof to the bottom, dis tributing the wheat with spouts to the bolt. This was set up, by contributions among the millers, at Shipley's great mill in Wilmington, and also introduced into his own, where his other inventions of the "conveyer" and the "hopper boy" attracted the stares of the rival millwrights. Poor. Oliver was known to the fat millers of his neighborhood as the inconvenient person who was always wanting the loan of a thousand dollars to carry out a new invention. The " thinking men" among them sagely ar gued that his improvements would ben efit the consumer by increasing the sup ply of flour and making it cheap a clear detriment to the interests of capital. Then Oliver plunged desperately into his idea of steam motion, losing the faint vestiges of his repute for wit, and died poor and heartbroken in 1819, the hero of an unwritten tragedy. The happy hours of his life were the hours on the dusty plank in the mill-gable at Faulkland. Li ppincott's. A Bold Exploit. The following is from the diary of the late Mr. Adolphus, the barrister and historian : "May 8th, 1840. We had a dinner party, among them Mr. Mathews and Curran, who told an amusing story of ah agent to a nobleman in Ireland. It was known to some ruffians in the neigh borhood that he had collected a large sum for rents to his employer. In the middle of the night he heard thieves breaking into his house. He jumped out of bed, and arming himself with a carving-knife, stood behind the door, and closed it, so that only one could en ter at a time, which one would be shown in the moonlight while he remained in the dark. Four of the thieves entered, and were dispatched one after another, without not knowing what happened. The fifth saw a gleam of the blade in the moonlight, seized the man, and a tre mendous scuffle ensued. The agent struck several blows with his weapon, but made no impression. He was got down, and his antagonist over him, when, feeling the knife, he found the point was bent. He had the presence of mind to press it strongly against the floor, so as to turn it back, stabbed his adversary dead, and as he was alone in the house and could have no assistance till the morning, re tired to bed. He was knighted for the exploit. Some one said to him, 4 1 wonder you could go to bed while there were on the floor the corpses of five per sons whom you had killed?' His an swer was, 4 It did make very uneasy; I could not get a wink of sleep for very nearly an hour !' " A Yankee down in Maine has hit upon a novel way of raising money. The State offers a bounty of $16 for every bear that is killed. This Yankee, in stead of engaging in the arduous and dangerous business of hunting bears, has gone to raising them. He has estab lished several bear-pens upon his farm, which are stocked with young and vigor ous bears of both sexes. As soon as a litter is produced he kills them off, ex hibits their heads to the authorities, and gets $16 each. The business is more profitable than pig-raising. He gets $16 per bear, and the bear meat for nothing. Other farmers, jealous of his success, are abandoning pork and going into the bear business. The Teeth. Soap is an excellent preservative of the teeth. Indeed, for the prevention and removal of this tartar we know of no dentifrice equal to it. There are many people, however, who never think of such a thing as cleaning their teeth. Of all such we ask, how can yoa have anything but poor, miserable, decayed teeth ? What right have you to expect anything but untold dental torment and agony ? Would you expeet always to have a clean face if you never washed it? Have they a self -preserving and protecting power of their own so that they need no voluntary care exercised upon them? Nay, verily. On the other hand, like every other portion of the human body, if left to themselves, they have a wonderful and remarkable self destroying and decaying tendency, and not only do they possess this deteriorat ing power in themselves, but they have innumerable aids and helpers in this work of destruction. The very elabo rate and richly-cooked indigestible food with which our American tables are so heavily laden is by no means a lazy as sistant m their employ. But to.re are many minor causes, and of some of these we propose to speak. First, we would mention that of using pins in connection with the teeth. Nothing should be allowed to remain on or between the teeth after eating ; everything should be carefully removed. Never, however, use a pin or needle for the purpose. A regular tooth-pick of broom-corn, or something of that kind, is the best thing e nuow oi. e nave sometimes seen persons so rude and barbarous as to take a fork with which they ate their food. This, however, is too serious a violation of all good breeding and deco rum to need special denunciation here. Drawing back and forth upon a fine white thread between them will often times remove what may have lodgod there when other mans fail. Some per sons seem to have a great propensity to put and keep pins in their mouth, a dozen or so at a time. Without speak ing of the great danger which arises from this practice, of swallowing and becoming choked by them, we pass on by saying that enerything made of steel or brass should have as little contact with the teeth as possible. Carpenters often hold-nails in their mouths, especial ly when engaged in lathing. Very con venient this may be, no doubt, but a bad practice notwithstanding. Most, if not all, metallic substances, except sil ver and gold, are very injurious to the enamel of the teeth, and there is really not often any valid reason for hastening on their premature decay by such reck less habits as these. A Race Dying Out. From the amount of talk about Indian matters in Congress the American of av erage information would naturally as sume that the United States had upon its hands a copper-colored population of at least half a million, and the same American would be at first greatly in clined to doubt the statement that, set ting aside the so-called civilized tribes, there are less than 20,000 Indians within the limits of our entire country. In 1860 the number of the "uncivilized" was set down at 44,021. At the present time, according to the Commissioner's report, there are but 18,500. Should this frightful ratio of decrease continue, the beginning of the next century will see this portion of the aboriginal race of North America swept from the face of the earth. The " uncivilized " tribes, which go to make up the figures quoted, include parts of the well-known Shaw nees, Delawares, Wyandottes, Senecas, Comanches, Sacs and Foxes, Pottawat tomies, Miamis, Kaws and Osages, with a few New Mexico Apaches, and rem nants of other tribes once rich and pow erful in Pennsylvania and New York, but now almost extinct. These tribes. numbering 18,523 souls, are worth, not including their land, 3,172,408. They cultivate 6,995 acres, and produced in 1871 a total of 162,000 bushels of grain, or about 9 bushels to each man, woman and child. They have 42,100 horses, cattle and sheep, worth $1,691,000, and they raise yearly 2,000 tons of hay, worth $20,000. Eight of the tribes have well regulated schools, sixteen in number, employing in 1871 thirty-four teachers, and imparting instruction to 654 chil dren, at a cost of $16,700 for the year. In 1871, beside the grain yield, the In dian Territory produced $50,000 worth of raw cotton. In view of these facts, the extraordinary rate of mortality ap parent is fairly unaccountable. It can not be referred to the change in the mode of living, for the moitality is greatest among that portion which has refused to adopt the manners and cus toms of civilization. One thing is plainly evident, and that is, that the race is doomed, and that nothing can save it from early extinction. How to Manage Runaway Horses. The New York Times makes these suggestions on the above subject : Al ways stick to your horses so long as they are fast to the carriage. If a line breaks or the bits give way, step out of the fore end of the carriage, even when the team may be running, take hold of the har ness and spring on the back of one of the animals. Once astride of a horse, one can reach forward, grasp his nose, and soon check his speed. When a horse is running toward you, as he comes up, stand so that he will be within reach as he dashes past ; then make calcula tions to seize the reins near the bits with with one hand and to grasp the mane or the top of the hames with the other hand. A man may expect to be carried twenty rods ; but if he will hang to the reins a horse will soon stop. We saw a fine horse running away a few days since, with a wagon and a load of barrels. After passing hundreds of persons who tried in vain to stop him, a lad snransr to the rear of the wagon as it passed, climbed up among the barrels, went to the forward end, and the lines being on the ground he stepped along on the thills, got on his back and stopped him before he had run one-eighth of a mile. The numerous accidents in con sequence of horses running away sug gest the eminent importance of teaching them the monosyllable, whoa ! A horse is never half trained or half educated until he has learned that whoa signifies to halt. But, in the first place, teamsters must be educated to employ that word at no other time than when it is desira ble to have a team "stop. When the word is used let it be spoken with a full, open and sound voice. The Airless Mood. Among the illusions swept away by mod ern science was the pleasant fancy that the moon was a habitable globe like the earth, its surface diversified with seas, lakes, continents and islands, and varied forms of vegetation. Theologians and savants gravely discussed the probabili ties of its being inhabited by a race of sentient beings, with forms and faculties like our own, and even propounded schemes for opening communication with them, in case they existed. One of these was to construct on the broad highlands of Asia a series of geometrical figures on a scale so gigantic as to be visible from our planetary neighboa, on the supposition that the moon people would recognize the object, and imme diately construct similar figures in re ply ! Extravagant and absurd as it may appear in the light of modern knowl edge, the establishment of this Terres trial and Lunar Signal Service Bureau was treated as a feasible scheme, al though practical difficulties which so often keep men from making fools of themselves, stood in the way of actual experiment ; but the discussion was kept up at intervals, until it was discovered that if there were people in the moon they must be able to live without breathing, or eating, or drinking. Then it ceased. There can be no life without air. Beautiful to the eye of the distant ob server, the moon is a sepulchral orb a world of death and silence. No vegeta tion clothes its vast plains of stony deso lation, traversed by monstrous crevasses, broken by enormous peaks that rise like gigantic tombstones into space ; no lovely forms of clouds float in the black ness of its sky. There daytime is only night lighted by a rayless sun. There is no rosy dawn in the morning, and no twilight in the evening. The nights are pitch-dark. In daytime the solar beams are lost against the jagged ridges, the sharp points of the rocks, or the steep sides of profound abysses, and the eye sees only grotesque shapes relieved against fantastic shadows black as ink, with none of that pleasant gradation and diffusion of light, none of the subtle blending of light and shadow, which make the charm of a terrestrial land scape. A faint conception of the hor rors of a lunar day may be formed from an illustration representing a landscape taken in the moon in the center of the mountainous region of Aristarehus. There is no color, nothing but dead white and black. The rocks reflect passively the light of the sun ; the craters and abysses remain wrapped in shade ; fantastic peaks rise like phantoms in a glacial cemetery ; the stars appear like spots in the blackness of space. The moon is a dead world ; she has no at mosphere Harper's Magazine for March. Directions How to CarTe. The following from an agricultural paper will help many otherwise intelli ent people who lack all skill and are al ways embarrassed when asked to carve : To carve fowls, which should always be laid with the breast uppermost, place the fork in the breast, and take off the wings and legs without turning the fowl ; then cut the merry thought, cut slices from the breast, cut out the collar bone, cut off the side pieces, and then cut the car cass in two. Divide the joints in the legs of a turkey. In carving a sirloin cut thin slices from the side next to you (it must be on the dish with the tender loin underneath), then turn it. Help the guest to both kinds. In carving a leg of mutton or ham begin by cutting across the middle of the bone. Cut a tongue across and not lengthwise, and held from the middle part. Carve a fore quarter of lamb by separating the shoul der from the ribs, and then divide the ribs. Help each one to a piece of kid ney and its fat. Carve pork and mutton in the same way. To carve a fillet of veal, begin at the top and help to the stuffing with each slice. In a breast of veal separate the brest and brisket, and then cut up, asking which part is pre ferred. In carving a pig it is customary to divide it and take off the head before it comes to the table, as to many per sons the head is revolting. Cut off the ribs and divide them. In carving vension, make a deep incision down the bone to let out the juice, and turn the broad end towards you, cutting deep and in thin slices. Warm plates are very necessary with venison and mutton, and in winter are very desirable for all kinds of meats. Drinking to Excess. Five-sixthB of an animal body is made up of water. A man weighing two hun dred may be dried into a mummy not weighing over about sixteen pounds, in cluding bones of the skeleton. Water, therefore, is largely employed in giving form, flexibility and beautiful lines. Enough is taken in with the food to meet all demands of the system. The precise quantity, and indeed quality, is regulated by a sense of thirst. But that vital sentinel may be corrupted by ex cessive indulgence. When simple water is taken, a morbid thirst never follows. If, however, stimulating fluids are swal lowed, a morbid craving may be gener ated, which, if not restrained, may be come an unsatisfied passion, to the posi tive injury of organs on the regular functions of which sound health depends. There is danger in indulging in artificial drinks. Nature distils over in the stom ach by her own chemical processes separating the water from them, which is used for legitimate purposes, but re jects all the rest, throwing it out of the body through the kidneys and skin. By working the renal apparatus beyond a normal gauge, to carry off offending elements, they fall into disease beyond the resources of medicine. This ex plains a prodigious advance of Bright's disease that is, a degeneration and loss of ability in those organs to do what they must accomplish for stability in health. None of the lower animals have kidney disease, because they never drink to excess or burden the stomach with compound beverages. In a short time there will be scarcely a Judge on the English Bench who was there two years ago. Such a rapid change is without parallel. The vacancies are all by death or resignation. i WeSs the eagle wants her young to fly she smashes their nest. Pell, who originated the "bonea" of minstrelsy, is no more. CurioHs Incidents of the Smjrna Dis ; " ' -,. " aster. The terrible disaster which occurred lately at Smyrna, when a cafe and con cert hall built on piles running out into the sea gave way suddenly, during the acrobatic performance and one hundred persons lost their lives, seems to have been one of that numerous class of acci dents which never ought to occur. Everybody in Smyrna, says the Pall Mall Gazette, knew that the cafe was unsafe, and might topple over into the sea at any moment ; yet no steps were taken to prevent two hundred and fifty people assembling in the doomed build ing, which, with hardly any warning, on the 9th of January leaned forward and disappeared in the sea. A correspondent of the Levant Her ald, writing from Smyrna, gives the fol lowing account of the tragedy: 44 On Saturday night at 10 o'clock we heard what sounded like the report of a can non ; it was the kivote giving way. The people living near the scene of the dan ger say that the sounds were most appalling. First one loud crash like fhmg of cannon, one long wail, and then a deep silence, soon broken, however, by the screams of those who got their heads above water. Some had clung to the ceiling of the cafe and could not draw themselves up until the hands which held on to their legs gave way. 44 It is said that most of the boatmen who volunteered their assistance first rifled the pockets of the sufferers and then drew them into the boats. Sixty seven corpses have been found, but many more still remain in the deep mud, which the quay stones have forced up in great quantity. The clown of the acro bat troupe was saved and rubbed dry, dressed at Mr. Mirzen's house, and rail back to seek for his wife and daughter, the latter aged 12 years. The former had been got safe into a boat, when, looking round, she screamed out, 4 My husband and child cannot have been saved !' and jumped into the sea. She had expired before they brought her up again. Her daughter and the actresses were all to be seen at St. Antoine's Hos pital, lying dead in their stage finery. A Greek who escaped says he was awe struck at the moment they rocked right to left by the scene which was beings acted by the acrobats at the time namely, 4 Death' running after some one and causing great laughter among the spectators. At that very instant the eafe gave way." Hotel Profits. The following statement of the profits of our leading hotels, both in this city and elsewhere, will be of great interest. It shows that " keeping a hotel" is not such a bad business after all. The list may be relied upon as trustworthy: Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York rent S200,000, not inclusive of ste res beneath it ; profits $350,000 ; the greatest busi ness in America of the character. Twen ty years ago the ground was offered for ninety-nine years, for $500 per annum. Metropolitan Hotel, New York rent at present $105,000 ; just resuming and re covering from . young Tweed's manage ment. St. Nicholas Hotel, New York rent $97,000; annual profits rising $175,000. Hawks, the proprietor, has leased the new Windsor Hotel, Fifth avenue. Continental Hotel, Philadel phiarent $80,000 ; profits above $75, 000. Grand Central Hotel, New York very cheap rent said to be the cheanest for the opportunities only $75,000: profits $150,000. Astor House, New York, $75,000 ; very successful, on the European plan ; profits $85,000. New York Hotel, New York rent $60,000 ; profits $90,000 being full of Southern ers all summer. Parker House, Boston; owned by the proprietor ; profits $125, 000. Gilsey House, New York enor mous rent, . $85,000 ; profits $40,000. Hoffman House, New York profits $85,000. Arlington Hotel, Washington rent $10,000; profits $75,000. The following hotels clear $50,000 per an num : Clarendon, French's, New York; Taylor's, Jersey City (does the largest bar business in the United States) ; Cat aract House, Niagara Falls. The fol lowing hotels make $40,000 per annum : St. 'James, New York; Column, New York ; Sturtevant, New York ; St. Cloud, New York ; West End, Long Branch ; Gramercy Park, New York ; Revere House, Boston ; Metropolitan, Wash ington. The following hotels make profit as appended : Albemarle, New York, $30,000 ; Westminster, New York, $30,000; Grand, New York, $30,000 (rent reduced to $45,000); Clifford, New York, $25,000; United States, New York, $13,000; Belmont, New York, $30,000 ; Merchants', New York, $13, 000; Mansion House, Brooklyn, $25, 000; Everett, New York, $50,000; Pierrepont, Brooklyn, $25,000 ; Ameri can, Boston, $30,000; Congress Hall, Cape May, $36,000 (1872) ; Stockton, Cape May, $54,000 ; Congress Hall, Saratoga, $75,000. The largest hotel in the United States, as to room capacity, is probably the Great Union, at Sara toga. Mr. A. T. Stewart's new Woman Hotel, N ew York, has above 680 rooms. The new Windsor, New York, has 500 rooms. New York paper. Dry Method of Cleaning Soiled Fabrics.' Great progress has been made of late years in the method of cleaning soiled articles of dress, by removing tar, grease, etc., from wool and other raw material, this, as it appears, being ac complished best by the so-called dry method rather than by the use of a watery solution of soap or other alka line substance. This originally con sisted in subjecting the articles in a proper apparatus to immersion in ben zine, gasoline, bisulphide of carbon, etc., with continued rotation of the ap paratus. More recently, however, it has been ascertained that the vapor of these substances, caused by distillation, iss more efficient than the liquid substances. themselves, the articles thus treated be ing much more rapidly penetrated, and; more thoroughly, than in the old way.. The articles are placed upon a grating over the liquid, the vapor from wicbJ permeates them completely as it is car ried over into the reservoir, where it is condensed and collected. In thi form it contains grease in solution which may be removed by a second distilla tion, while the hydro-carbon is obtained in a form for further use.. .Harper's Magazine for March. The London Lancet bats night-workers should use tobacco.