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w. J. HORTON,
nans, SDSGirioaMoii-s aid timates Furnished on Short Notice. 1 HOUSE MOVING DJUUMOH. IOWA. Mfntoy ill tai •Stw, 8?/' rsj sir is West KM Dht ttam. A. 1 nil Stair Building a Specialty. Will sell you the Best Brands Carriage Paint And a Brush to put it on with. THE LORENTZ&N BARBER SHOP. Stnml Blufesalth, Wagon, Curlagt Work Guaranteed. furnished with any or all bids if desired. Call and gel your job work done. Shop second door west of Baptist Church, Denison DON'T FORGET THAT BO WEN the Wood-Butcher, He also has materials for renewing any part of your carriage, whether of wood, iron, steel or leather, and will do you good work reasonably. Und$r First National Bank, Four chairs. All work first-class. Flrst-Class Outfit. Experienced Men. Satisfaction Guaranteed. JAMES McOLELLAN DENISON. IOWA .41 lUlllltlUlIllllIIllllIllllllllllllIIIIIIllIIIIth H. W. RANDALL, 3'—r The Denison Decorator. An Expert-Paper Hanger and Painter, capable of doing the very finest work. Estimates made. Special attention to country work. For estimates call on or address 3 H. W. RANDALL, AND IREPAIR SHOP- HORSE SHOEING. PLOW WORE, ETC. ^BISCHER BROS, CITY MEAT MARKET. itm EL XJPIAANE, HARTNEY, Proprietor ef NOUSES AND OTHER BUILDt|ia| MOVED WITHOUT INJI CHAS. DOLK, AUCTIONEER, KIRON. IOWA. Will cry sales in Crawford and adjoining counties at low rates, and will guarantee satisfaction. Give me a trial. Satisfaction guaranteed. ^TTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT TTTTTT TTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT• OHRI3 OZiKISTElT8S2T, The Denison Decorator. Fresh. Meatss Fresh Oysters. F" xJ. MGGORMIGK, 1 QEALEH IN Stock Cattle and Hogs. HIGHEST MARKET PRICE FOR STOCK HOGS. RLACK-SM1TH1NG Horse-Shoeing a Specialty. I wish to announce that I am prepared to do all kind* of blacksmith work in first-class shape and at price! is low as is consistent with good labor and material. Leave orders ait Smith's Barber Shop. Bond or reference furnished'if'desired. fIRST-OLASS IN EVERY RESPECT. Fine Sample Rooms, excellent location and best of all Homotlfilfsd and 1 w.' TOM BATEMAN. ^pjaixrisoasr, IA. 11 wonu: GUARANTEED. FARGO HOUSE rQT GOOD MEALS ||oomT)vseases "DomesWe ?V\uma\s |£omm\3LXvvea\i\e\o'SCLa\v. As SI ^Te^etvYuje arvA. C-uraYwe *iTea.\m&Tv.\. 1 The Farmer's Need ot Education in Elementary 1 veterinary Science. Mr. President, Officers and Members of the Iowa State Agricultural Society: —In dealing with this subject I must of necessity confine myself to a few plain words iu reference to Some of the diseases which appear as factors in the destruction of our domestic animals, the loss of property and sometimes human life. These results follow al most all forms of contagion and in fection. We should know that almost all con tagious diseases of animals are com municable to man and vica-versa. When sanitarians of the medical pro fession recognise the-fact that veterin arians' are in Close touch with the great, question of communication of diseases from animals to man and are willing to meet us half way, then we will achieve greater things in the prevention of diseases communicable to man and in so doing may save some lives in future which in the past have been sacrificed to disease germs. First, let us consider Anthrax a germ disease affecting all domestic animals very fatal in its results and very dan gerous to human life. It is due to the introduction into the body of the bacil lus anthracis which works especially on the Mood destroying the red corpuscles rapidly and causing spleenic apoplexy. The bacillus is visible under the micros cope and appear as a little rod like body with bright spot at either end which is the spore of the bacillus. The rod gives way to the influence of the atmosphere and disappears leaving only the spores which are not easily destroyed by heat or frost and have been known to live for many years and then reproduce the disease. Immediately after the death of an animal from AutkrBx there is dripping of serum laden with the bacil lus from all the orifices of the body which infects the bedding and ground in the immediate vicinity of the car cass. The carcass may be removed but the litter and soil thus contaminated remain as the probable source of future outbreaKs even supposing a violent rain storm follows and washes the spores all away to the low grounds, there they will remain and retain their virulence until picked up by animals forced by the drouth of summer to feed upon the coarser marsh grasses. This is how and why this disease breaks out so often during the drouth of latest summer. Agaiu, suppose the carcass of the victim of this disease is buried an ordinary depth in the earth, the changes which the body and its tissues undergo do not destroy these spores but they remain for years and are carried upward or downward in the soil by the water or by earth worms in search of moisture and finally by them brought to the surface of the earth where they remain attached to tbe roots of the grass until finally they are taken up by the animal graziug and an outbreak of Authrax follows. Such outbreaks are traced to tbe burial of animals years before. In one case seventeen years had elapsed before the outbreak thus traced. Therefore we concludp that the best preventive to future outbreaks of Authrax is the proper cremation of all animals dying of the disease and to this end it will be necessary that each township have a suitable crematory which might be so constructed as to be portable and could be taken to the car casses and thus prevent the possible danger in moving the carcasses. Not only the carcass should be cremated but all litter, excrement and contamin ated soil. Thus all the spores might be destroyed ami luture outbreaks pre vented. Aulhrax is readily communicated to man by innoculation and is called matignai pustule in man. In the summer of 'i)7jthere was an outbreak of virulent Authrax at Sioux City and in connection therewith five men became affected Trom skinning the dead ani mals. In connection with the same outbreak a litter of pigs two or three months old licked up the serum which dripped from a 'dead cow and all of them died inside of three days. Some dogs also became afflicted from eating of the ilssh of cattle dying of the disease. Actinomycosis. Actinomycosis (lumpy jaw) is a dis ease very common amongst cattle throughout the earth. It .is due to a vegitable fungus, actiuomyces, and may ba transmitted fromjone animal to another and from(animal to man. It is curable unless in very advanced stages b/ the use of iodide of potassium. When affecting the glands in the region of the jaw or neck it may be mistaken for tuberculosis, but an examination of the tumor will decide upon a diagnosis according to the presence or absence of the actinomces, or ray fungus. A case of this disease in a mm who was a butcher and accustomed to eating raw meats.was reported by Dr. Wright of Carroll who was asked to operate but found the jaw bone so extensively dis eased that the case was ^hopeless. To prevent further outbreak* a!! animate UUIXULU.1 An Address Delivered Before the Iowa Stace Agricultural -fAssociation by Dr. J. I. Gibson, State Veterinary. fcfll'cted with this disease should be isolated until cured and all contamin ated bedding and vegetation burned be cause the germs live on vegetation and upon being taken in by animals repro duce the disease. Black-Leg: 'V. Is an infectious disease more particu larly of young cattle which used to be classed with authrax but now is known to be the result of a distinct germ which though resembling the bacillus of authrax is somewhat different. The bacillus of black-leg is rodlike but en larged at one end so as to appear some what clubshaped. At this larger end will be found the spore of tbe bacillus which has similar powers of endurance and resistance to those of tbe authrax bacillus. In this disease we have tum ors or swelling peculiar to the disease, hence its name. The swelling is some times very extensive embracing the en tire region of the bips or shoulders. It may appear about the neck or throat. It never extends below the knee or hock. You are doubtless all familiar with the peculiar rattling or crackling sound heard when stroking the swelling. This disease is not considered trans missable from one animal to another or rather is not often communicated in that way, although to remove the hide from an animal dying of black-leg and allow the carcass to remain tbe spores may be transmitted to other animals through the atmosphere, vegetation or water. The disease generally spreads from the improper disposal of carcasses of one outbreak which allows tbe spores to be deposited in the soil and from it to get onto the gras3 and thus cause another outbreak. Animals have been known to develops the disease from grazing over the grave of an animal which died of black-leg seven years be fore. Therefore as in authrax all ani mals of black-leg should be cremated together with excreta, litter and con taminated soil. In the fall of '97 I wit nessed a peculiar outbreak of blackleg a few miles from this city. A gentle man bought a number of four-year-old bulls and some steers for the feed yard. The bulls were emasculated but did not recover very well fiom the operation The owner said he thought most of them would die. After recovering somewhat from the above condition they were taken worse and began to die. In answer to an official call found unmistabable evidence of black leg in animals that are ordinarily im mune to the disease. I explained to tbe owner that having been reduced by the operation they were made subject to the disease while in full vigor they would have resisted the advances uf the bacillus. In this case three of the steers were seen licking the pus from the wounds and they took the disease This case proved conclusively to me that the adult is free from the diseases of the young because of their power of resistence but in this case their system vitiated and constitution weakened they became the victim of a disease they could have resisted bad their health not been impaired.In blacklegthe best preventive and curative is found in vaccination which is believed to pro duce complete immunity for a period of eight months. It is being used on thousands of young cattle annually with satisfactory results. I therefore recommend heartily tbe black-leg vac ciue as a sure preventive and iu many instances it has cured animals present ing unmistakable symptoms of the disease. Glanders and Farcy. Glanders and farcy are different forms of one disease tbe result of the action of the glander bacillus. In glanders the respiratory system is the seat of disease. In farcy the lymphatic glands of the exterior of the animal and more particularly of the bind legs although sometimes first seen in one front leg. The virus discharging from tbe farcy ulcer will produce glanders and the discharge from glanders will produce farcy. The form developed de pends upon the seat of innoculation. There is no virus which appears in so many degrees of virulence ae that of glanders. We find the period of incu bation varying from a few days to ap parently years which is said to be due largely to the susceptibility of the ani mal. There are at least two well mark ed forms of glanders viz, acute and chronic and tbe same forms of farcy are found. We might add that there are cases of latent glanders and farcy which though too obscure to be detect ed may be a constant source of danger to animals coming in contact with tbem. From a well marked outbreak of acute glanders you will find chronic cases and from chronic cases those of the acute form will spring. To the constant observer, however, it would appear that on the whole tbe disease is losing in percentage of virulence. This is true in the history of contagion of all kinds. The favorite soil for the devel opment of glander bacillus is found in the rrenns equies (horse, mule and a^) and when we refuse to-furnish fuel we so far defcat-the disease. So that the destruction of diseased animals and isolation or quarantine of premises and utinsals which may convey the disease germs alone defeats and weakens the virus. There is probably no disease so well known and understood which so often puzzles the diagnostitian as glanders at the present time. The acute case is very easily diagnosed and creates such terror iu a community that there is no danger of its getting away. The chronic or latent cases are the ones with which we experience great difficulty, first in forming our diagnosis and second in convincing all parties concerned. The old soldier who has seen outbreaks of acute glanders and farcy in tbe army horses and mules is slow to take any stock in one or more isolated cases of chronic glanders. It is also very difficult to convince the layity that an animal may have glan ders and yet eat well and appear to be in first class condition and playful in habits but such cases are often seen. It might be well to enumerate a few of the ordinary or characteristic symptoms of glanders as seen in most cases. They are' as follows—more or less fever, respirations more or less increased, swelling of one or more legs, discharge from one or both nostrils, oi'tenest from the left only, ulcers of mucous mem brane of septum and sometimes even in tbe outer or false nostril and even at times ulcers are found about tbe lips and face. In glanders the semi-trans parent condition of the septum wnsi is absent and the mucous membrane is of an unhealthy leaden hue. There is a characteristic snuffling nasal breathing which differs from any other labored breathing in tbe horse. The discharge is characteristic but rather difficult to describe It is of a gluish consistency and adbears all round the nostril while from catarrhal affections the discharge may not soil any but tbe lower part of the nostril. The old addage as to the floating or sinking of the discbarge when dropped into a pail of water is an unsafe diagnostic because it will acquit, cases of short duration and will con demn all cases of discharge from the nostrils where there is extensive des truction of the tissues such as we often find in catarrhal cases coupled with caries of the teeth. The glands of the sub-lingual space are often enlarged, indurated and adheared to the jaw or base of the tongue. A discharge from eye and nostril of one side and of tbe same consistency is a good symptom. Iu farcy there is the swelling of one or more legs followed by the formation of little tumors or farcy buds which break and form ulcers which show no tendancy to heal. In many instances a chain of connection can be distinctly felt between tbe buds and ulcers. Farcy will sometimes break out on an animal and then apparently tend to re covery for some time, enough so to be quite pHzzliug to the diagnostition. Some few veterinarians claim that glanders may be cured, but up to date we may say it is unproveu. It is a fact clearly proven that high dry climate is not desirable for the existance of the glander bacillus. Dr. W. L. Williams while conducting the experiment sta tion of Montana reported that the climate there was so adverse to the development of the bacillus that with other lax laws there was little troubl with glanders. I think if my memory serves me rightly the doctor has also claimed that some cases of glanders may be cured. I believe some cases in man have terminated favorably. Man is susceptible to glanders by iunocula tipn or by the virus coming in contact with the more delicate and vasular mucous membranes. Cases of iunocu latiou by means of the virus being blown into the human eye are on re cord. There are very few deaths in the human from glanders but some are sad indeed. Iu June '97 a little child died in Sioux county of farcy in which the ulceration was so extensive as to expose the tendons and bones of the hands and feet. At the time no trace of the disease could be found on the premises, but a neighbor it was said killed two horses which he believed had glanders. A year later after condemning some horses iu the same c'ounty the writer on making inuqiry into tbe past history of the diseased animals, learned that one of them had beeu owned by the father of the child prior to its sickness nd was then discharging from the nostril. Occasionally a professional covered wagon horse trader contracts the disease and dies. What a blessing to the breeders and owners of horses iii the great state of Iowa if such would be the case oftener. The border counties of our state are traversed con tinually by these disreputuble beings and the only way to stop them is to prohibit horsetrading by law under heavy penalty ot inprisonment. Sheep, goats, dogs, cats and hog3 are susceptible to glanders. Cattle and barn yard fowls are immune. The most reliable diagnosis for glandersis injection of the ptomain from filtered cultures of the glander virus which is called mallein. In theory it is the same as the tuberculiu test for bovine tuber culosis and is believed to be as correct as a diagnostic, but it is difficult to in-1 duce the owner to believe iu it when it condemns the borse he likes human family TTT rT^ J4JTL..,n,4W^" r.f stnntly working out these problems and getting them easy of access to those who are doing field duty in the world's sanitarium. Giving to the world this valuable diagnostic, mallein has caused many deaths in laboratories. Hog Cholera. We have instances on record where hog cholera was apparently transmitted to man and developed as a fever akin to typhoid. I know of so called out breaks of typhoid fever which appeared to be traceable to a proceeding scourge of hog cholera, swine plague in the immediate viciuity. I will omit hog cholera from this paper, as you will get it from Dr. Niles tonight. ,-WivV^ Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (consumption) is a con tagious and infectious disease of ani mals as well as of tbe human family. It is one of the oldest diseases of which we have any record. It is often called "the great white plague," and surely it is a plague when we know that it causes more deaths in the hum in fami ly than any other disease. The thought of Asiatic cholera, yellow fever, small pox, and other plagues terrorize us and still when we inquire we learn that a greater percentage of persons affected with these diseases recover thau those affected with tuberculosis. Still we do not fear this disease because of the fact that it deals gently with the victim un til he is fully within its grasp and there is no remedy. Tuberculosis is tbe same wherever we find it, whether of the ox, fish or bird, excepting the slight changes due to the environments thrown around the baccilus. That it is transmissable from one animal to an other through the ordinary means of spreading contagion is established be yond doubt. We also know it is trans mitted from man to animal, and conse quently from animal to man. It is aiarming to note with what rapidity it is transmitted from the cow, through her milk, to other animals, especially hogs. Within the last few years we have seen some striking examples of the contagiousness of tuberculous and confronted with the fact, we naturally turn our attention to seeking out a pre ventive. An effectual preventive to the spread of tuberculosis must needs be a universal something which will reach every family dwelling, every cow barn and every pasture. It must also permiate the air and sink into the depths of the sea, for lo! the plague is everywhere. To meet such a demand principles as well as things must be in volved. In our domestic animals we see proof of the fact that too rapid evo lutionary methods have been exercised in domesticating them, and aB a result we find the hardihood of Dame Nature displaced by a sort of house plant ten derness which leaves tbe animal an easy prey to the germs which exist in such large numbers. Especially does this seem true when dealing with this disease. The ordinary man has little or no idea of what a smothering chest his cow barn really is. The natural cow, inhaliug a natural amount of pure air, is a tower of strength when con fronted by even the tubercule bacillus, and in such a state and condition only half of one per cent of the cattle are £ound to be tuberculous, while in con nection with our ninteeth century methods of keeping and raising cattle twenty per cent is ji reasonable propor tion to find tuberculous. I do not con demn our present taste tor improved feeding and breeding, but advocate carrying on these great improvements in properly constructed barns and premises. I have found cow barns without a ventilator of any description, and when filled with cattle on a cold night the frost would gather over every crack and crevice, and before morning twenty or thirty cows are hermetically sealed up in a box, so to speak, and forced to breathe the same air times without number until morning when. they are hurried out into the cold to suffer because their blood is poisoned and system vitiated the result of the above mentioned conditions. And so it goes on day and night until every animal thus kept is sure to become af fected with some disease. These con ditions exist iu both dairy and breed ing herds, and from such herds the tubercullin test has condemned fityf per cent and over, while where the con ditions are such as militate to the health of the animals but a small per centage of diseased animals are found. Then one great preventive ot tubercul osis is the proper construction of cow barns with plenty of good air supply at all times. The old open mouthed shed with plenty of bedding beats the ma jority of cow barns'from the standpoint of health and strength tor ^he cattle- A Wrong Notion It Is a mistake tosnpposethat 'baby must icome with great pain and suffering. An expectant mother need 'only use the wonderful lini ment called MOTHER'S FRIEND 1 so well. I ommitted reference to the fa:t that most deaths from glanders in the occur in the laboratories or'the'v.iiM where scientists are con-' •M 3i i» to escape the dread, danger, pain, distress and nervousness. Druggists sell this liniment for $1 a bottle, wives are in-V vlted to send for our free illustrated book.:] will tell them thiugB they ought to know. THE BBADFIELD REGULATOR CO.. Atlanta, Ga.