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The Denison review. (Denison, Iowa) 1867-current, February 14, 1899, Image 1

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(Aldricli Cha3. Curator,
r, Histoid
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1
Abstract of Findings of Commission
to Investigate the Conduct
of the War.
MAJOR GENERAL MILES IS CRITICISED.
Honesty In All Branches Shown—
"Embalmed" Beef Charge* Held to
Be Untrue—Little Fault Found
with Alger Advise Abolishing
Office of Commanding General.
Washington, Feb. 13.—The report
submitted to the president last Wednes
day by the commission appointed by
him to investigate the conduct of the
war department in the war with Spain
was made public Sunday. The report.
is a unanimous one, all the members
of the commission having signed it ex
cept Col. Sexton, whose death occurred
February 4. The report is a voluminous
document, containing about 63,000
words, and an official abstract, prepared
by the secretary of the commission, was
furnished to the press for its con
venience.
The abstract, after speaking of the or
ganization of the commission, September
24, and the facilities afforded the press to.
furnish the American people with the do
ings of the body, says that among the first
acts of the commission was to request the
secretary of war and other officials of the
war department to transmit all the com
plaints received by them touching the ad
ministration of their respective bureaus.
-.This request was promptly complied with,
.and from that time forth all complaints
were forwarded to the commission Imme
diately on their receipt at the war de
partment. The commission also, through
the press, invited all persons having knowl
edge or belief of any official wrong or dere
liction to submit their statements in writ
ing, accompanied by such collateral proof
•or information- as might be at their dis
posal. This' Invitation met with a liberal
response. Next, the secretary of war was
chiefs ,«f.
the com-.
the coridt
•,.y tton of their respective departments at
fr" th*
outbreak'of the war and the operations
of the same during the oerlod of hostilitlea.
Scope of the Inquiry.
This communication recited In detail the
subjects on which Information was de
sired, comprising acts touching'the mo
bilisation of troops and their organization,
the amount and kind of camp and garri
son equipage on hand at the beginning of
the war, the amount subsequently pur
chased, Similar information with regard
to furnishing the troops with arms and ac
coutrements, information as to which of
the volunteer regiments .were armed and
•equipped in the various state camps, how
the location of the camp of general rendez
vous was determined, full particulars as to
the transportation of troops, an account of
the quantity, quality and kind of food fur
nished, information as to the tentage, beds,
linen, medicines and all other necessaries
for the hospitals, as to whether the medical
staff was efficient, and as to the conditions
and operations of the engineer and ord
nance departments.
No Evidence of Dishonesty.
"It may be said now, at the beginning of
this report, that there has been no evi
dence before us that anyone in or connect
•ed with the war department has dishon
estly received dollar. We have made
persistent efforts to secure the attendance
of persons to whose names rumor had at
1.ached an allegation that they knew of cor
ruption of officials in the war department,
but these men have either denied the state
ments attributed to them or have main
tained silence when invited to tell what
rHhey
Before proceeding to a specific descrip
tion of the conduct and management of the
war, the report gives comments and sug
gestions touching certain matters which
came' under consideration as a logical con
sequence of the inquiry pursued by the
commission. It recommends that the pres
ident be authorised to call into active serv
ice in time of war all retired officers of the
artry. In the matter of regimental offi
cers, the commission found that all volun
teer commands officered by men of mili
tary experience and training fared much
better than those officered by amateurs.
The soldiers were more effectively cared
lor, enjoyed better health and were better
fed ana clothed. The commission recom
mends for the future a strict examination
into the qualifications of all officers ap
pointed to the army, regular or volunteer.
/The establishment of schools of instruc
tion for inexperienced officers taken from
civilian life to meet the emergency created
3y the war is highly commended.
Condition* at Opening of the War.
The report now proceeds to take up the
•ubects In their regular order, beginning
with the army. "On the first day of April,
1898, the strength of the army was 3,1-13 offl
cers and 26,040 enlisted men, a total of 28,
183. War with the kingdom of Spain was
declared April 21, 1898. On May 31 125,000
volunteers had been mustered into the
service. In August, 1898, the regular army
numbered 56,305, the volunteer army 207,
244, a total of 263,609. These figures of them
selves indicate that an immense work was
thrown upon the war department. After
-33 years of peace, during a great part of
which the army did noc exceed 26,000 men,
it suddenly became necessary to arm,
clothe, feed and equip more than 250,000.
One LeMon Tuuicht.
A recommendation looking to the future
then follows: "One of the lessons taught
by the war IS that the country should here
after be in a better state of preparation for
Huljiwar. Suggestions have been made that
larKRifiupplles of all the material not liable
10 aafcerioration should be kept on hand,
to be continuously issued and renewed, so
-that in any emergency they might be avail
able. Kspeclally Khoultl this be the case
with such supplies which cannot be rapidly
outalned in open market."
A Sinilliic-jilU jisijieenlion.
Uerhaps the most significant utterance
in the whole document, so far as concerns
the discipline and efficiency of the army,
comes next. It says that for many years
the divided authority and responsibility in
the war department has produced friction,
for which, in the interest of the service, a
remedy, if possible, should be applied. The
•••'h• constitution makes the president the com
mander in chief of the army, and he can
not transfer that authority to any other
?acy
erson.
if
The president selects hls.secrc
of war, who has his confidence, and
who la his confidential, adviser.''The com
manding general la, assigned to duty as
such by the president." After quoting the
duties of the commanding general, the
report sayp: "The president must have
the same power of selection of his gencrai
In chief as he has of ins crctarv of war
-o'lthout this there can be no guaranty that
Tim\ \naW vitv\W
SIXTEEN PAGES A WEEK—PART TWO. DENISON, IOWA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14. 1899
•ne win give or that the secretafj oi
Was Not Prepared for War.
"It will be observed that the declaration
of war threw upon the quartermaster's
department an amount of labor and re
sponsibility for which it was neither
physically nor financially prepared. The
department has reported that on April 1,
1898, it was amply provided with all neces
sary clothing and equipage supplies for
three months for the army as then organ
ized. It appears that within a few weeks
it became necessary to provide for clothing
and equipping an army of more than 250,COO
men. So soon as funds were available, so
soon as war was inevitable, bo soon as law
permitted, the quartermaster's depart
ment undertook this enormous work. That
the quartermaster genet *1 threw the en
ergy of his department into his work when
funds were available wastevldent, and that
his officers labored faltHCully in their ef
forts to aid him, is plain to those who have'
carefully studied their work.
Soine of the Complaints.
"In spite of every effort there were occa
sions wnere troops suffered from poor tent
age or lack of tentage and absence of straw
for bedding, where clothing was scarce
and-troops suffered discomfort for lack of
shoes, shirts and other articles of apparel.
At Santiago the deficiency "at the front ap
pears to have been caused rather from lack
of transportation from the coast than from
lack of clothing and tentage, a supply of
which was on the transports. Great com-
erence to unnecessary delays and lack of
promptness on the part of the quartermas
ter's department in moving regiments and
In the care of the sick and convalescents
returning home either with their regiments
or alone. Great complaint was made of the
railroad congestion at Tampa and the ab
solute lack of ability to bring order out of
chaos at that place during the early part
of the period of its occupancy by troops.
The major general commanding'has stated
that supplies for 70,000 men for 90 days were
ordered there, and the confusion on the
railroad when he reached Tampa was nyy
great, 1,000 cars being sidetracked, some of
them as far back as Columbia. S. C.
Lack of Executive Ability.
"It is stated that in the hurry and rush
attending the commencement of this work
the contents of cars were unknown at
Tampa that bills of lading were not for
warded, and that it seemed impossible for a
time to determine where absolutely neces
sary articles were located. Col. Bird, of the
quartermaster's department, testifies that
this was corrected later on, when the con
tents of cars were clearly marked upon
them and bills of lading promptly forward
ed. The condition of the railroad conges
tion during the early portion of the time
Tampa was occupied By troops seems un
paralleled, showing an almost inexcusable
lack of executive ability on the part of
those charged with the loading, unloading
and handling of th'e trains. Col. Bird and
Gen. Humphrey testify that there were
very poor facilities for transferring troops
and supplies arriving at Tampa, via the
3 supplies arriving at Tampa via the
rlda Central, railroad to the Plant sys
n, leading direct to Port Tampa. Order
teml
was finally brought out of chaos, the cars
unloaded, the congestion overcome and a
vast amount of supplies of every character
delivered at this Immense encampment.
Water Transportation.
With reference to the vessels used to
transport troops to Cuba, the report says
"it was shown by evidence that their ca
pacity had been largely overrated and it
was Impossible to carry upon them, with
out great discomfort and danger, more
than 16,000, instead of 25,000, men, with their
equipments, artillery, ammunition, sub
sistence, medical supplies and 2,295 animals
for a voyage of 1,000 miles.
"The quartermaster's department ought
to have been able to more thoroughly
equip these vessels, and surely it shou'.d
have been more certain of their carrying
capacity. A sufficient number of vessels
for transporting 25,000 men, with the re
quired lighters for their disembarkation,
should have been promptly furnished, even
had such action rendered necessary the
seizure of every steamer on the Atlantic
and Gulf coasts sailing under the American
flag.
Land Transportation.
"Owing to the lack of necessary trans
ports the means of land transportation dur
ing the Santiago campaign was painfully
deficient. The testimany shows that the
transports arrived off the south coast of
Cuba near Santiago on June 21 that the
pack trains were landed on June 22 that
the first wagons were landed on June 25,
and that the landing of the latter was con
tinued more rapidly than they could be
set up on shore, and that In fact some
of those that were landed were never set
up at all. Gen. Cliaffee testifies that on
July J, at the battle of El Caney, ten days
after the arrival of the fleet there were
no ambulances or wagons available and
that the roads were so horrible that they
could not reach the front.
"IP is plainly evident that this army of
17,000 men disembarked in the face or an
enemy in a'hostile country, and rapidly
thrown forward against a well-armed
force, was painfully deficient inland trans
portation, but in spite of the absence of this
almost absolutely necessary portion of the
equipment of a well-trained command it
drove tbe enemy before it, captured their
outposts, pushed them behind their main
(leftl'.Ki s, drove their fleet from Santiago
bay 40 absolute destruction as it faced the
navy of our country, and finally, aftermost
gallant fighting under a' tropical sun,
amidst most adverse conditions, captured
a strongly-fortified city and received as
prisoners of war over 23,000 Spanish sol
diers.
O TiWe 3\xve "P\a\\xv\jLxa CaVv\ve\s OTV\^
\Yve Vas\, come
WlI
will place in the general In chief that con
fidence which Is necessary to perfect har
mony. Neither the president nor the sec
retary of war should have in the command
of the army an officer who is not working
in harmony with him."
The Secretary of War.
The report now takes up the war depart
ment and its various chiefs of subdivisions,
beginning with the secretary of war. "The
records of the war department, which have
been laid before us, show that the secre
tary of war extended to all chiefs of bu
reaus cordial and full support, and prompt
ly responded to every proper demand made
upon him by commanding officers. No
testimony has been presented showing in
tentional neglect of duty nor any attempt
to serve personal interests. The charges
made that the secretary of war was pecu
niarily interested in contracts, purchases
and other transactions of the war depart
ment have been thoroughly examined and
found baseless.
"In the judgment of the commission
there was lacking in th» general adminis
tration of the war department during tho
continuance of the war with Spain that
complete grasp of the situation which was
essential to the highest efficiency and dis
cipline of the army.
"The commit ion find that the inspector
general's department was not as efficient
as it ought to have been. The organiza
tion In the field was ample, and the in
spectors made reports to the commanding
officers to whom they had been assigned.
These reports were often not acted upor
and were not forwarded to the war de
partment.
Vr, tvoxb, G\xv *5vcves\ MDovW Suavardeed.
certain there was but one occasion, mat of
a day, in front of Santiago, when the troops
were seriously short of rations these had
been supplied, but thrown aside when the
men went into action: the condition of
roads and lack of transportation prevent
ed prompt reissue. At times the vegetable
ration was r.ot of good quality, the pota
toes and onions being spoiled. Condemned
by a board of survey, such vegetables were
destroyed and an equivalent part of the
ration Issued. Some trouble occurred be
cause such vegetables and other damaged
food were disposed of by the company
without the warrant of a board of survey.
This was done through Ignorance, their
officers not knowing what was necessary
to be done.
1
Subsistence.
Of the department under charge of Gen.
Eagan as commissary general, the report
says: "The commission has carefully in
vestigated the subject of the condition,
quality and quantity of the food supplied
to the army. Almost without exception it
has been shown by the'testimony taken
thait wherever the^traqp*. were ordered.
Whether to the various camps in the United
States''or in' Porto Kleo, Cuba aniTMariila,
the rations prescribed by law were on the
ransports ."nd at the camps with the sol
diwH. So Jar us we h.-ivu been abls to un­
1
Refrigerated Beef, "v-'
"This commission was organized the
24th day of September last, bp to the 21st
day of December Its members had taken
testimony in 17 different towns and cities
and nine camps. It had also received manv
hundred letters, communications and
newspaper clippings from persons living
In all parts of the country. Examinations
of numerous officers and enlisted men had
been made as to the quality and condition
of the meat issued to the troops. The
testimony, with some exceptions, showed
that the refrigerated beef issued was pure
sound and wholesome.
"On the 2Xst day of December last Maj
Gen. Nelson A. Miles, upon the written re
quest qf the president of this commission
appeared before it. He refused to be
sworn, as all other witnesses had been ex
cept one, who affirmed, stating that he
would make his statements without being
sworn and was responsible for what he
said. He proceeded, and for the first time
in the history of this.investigation the al
legation was made that refrigerated beef
issued to the troops had been chemically
treated.
Gen. Mile*' Chnme.
"In the statement, revised by himself,
Genr. Miles said: 'There was sent to Porto
Rico 337 tons of what is known as so-called
refrigerated beef, which you might call em
balmed beef.' He proceeded to read a com
munication from Dr. W. H. Daly, major
and chief surgeon United States volun
teers, on his staff, bearing date of Sep
tember 21, 1898, wherein Dr. Daly stated
that: 'In the several Inspections 1 maue in
the various camp3 and troopships at Tam
pa, Jacksonville, Chickamauga and Porto
Rico I found the fresh beef to be appar
ently preserved with secret chemicals
which destroy its natural flavor, and which
I also believe to be detrimental to the
health of the troops.'
"Although Dr. Daly swears that he in
formed Gen. Miles about the 1st of August
1898, that he suspected that the refriger
ated beef was chemically treated, it does
not appear that the general informed the
war department that an officer of his staff
had made this discovery, nor does it appear
'.hat he at the time ordered any of the
officers under his command to probe to the
bottom an allegation which, if true, con
cerned the health of 275,000 soldiers of the
United States. It appears from the report
of Dr. Daly, which he handed to Gen. Miles
October 21 last, that he then speolflmllv
Stated that the refrigerated beef furnished
to -tha troops was 'appareh tly^chemlcally^
treated.' It does not appear- that' iShen
this charge was made, October 21, It hav-'
lng been already made to him in August,.
1898, that Gen. Miles communicated to the
secretary of war or to the commissary'gen
eral the belief or suspicion entertained by
him that refrigerated meat, dangerous to
health, was issued every day to the troops,
in failure to do which there was dereliction
of duty. It is true that on September 20
he had directed that an order should be
issued asking for reports relative to meats
issued, but the order specifically mentions
'canned fresh roast beef,' and nothing else,
and it was the reports received in answer
to this that were presented in abstract by
the general at the time of his appearance
before the commission and since.
Dr. Daly Criticised.
"In his report Dr. Daly does not make the
alt-important statement that he had al
ready chemically analyzed any meat, al
though he suggests that such analysis
should be made. He does state that in the
several Inspections made by him at Tampa,
Jacksonville, Chickamauga and Porto Rico
he 'found the fresh beef-to be apparently
preserved with secret chemicals/ He said
that at Ponce the beef he examined 'was
also of the same character, being apparent
ly preserved by injected chemicals.' For
months, as it appears, Dr. Daly concealed
the commission of a crime affecting men
under his charge, whom as an officer and
a physician he was bound to protect."
The report thei.. after quoting from the
regulations of« tbe agricultural depart
ment prescribing the manner In which In
spections are made (and no packing house
In the country is allowed to do business
without governmental inspection), after de
tailing the processes pursued by our offi
cials and showing the practical Impossi
bility of putting impure meat upon the
market, goes on to say:
"The commission has not confined Itself
to merely. verbal or written proof. Im
mediately upon hearing the testimony of
Dr. Daly on the 20th of January, telegrams
were sent to all Issuing commissaries in
Cuba, Porto Rico and ft the various home
camps occupied by troops, asking that
samples of refrigerated beef be at once
taken, placed in glass jars, securely sealed
and forwarded to the commission. These
samples were to be of one pound weight
from the outside and one pound weight
from the inside of a quarter. In response
to this request many samples have been
received, and later sent to the chemists of
the agricultural and interior departments
for careful chemical examination. The re
sult of analysis has been reported to us In
29 cases, and, as will be seen by the reports
attended, in no specimen examined has
either boric or salicylic acid or other dele
terious chemicals-been found.
No "Embalmed" Beef.
"In view of the facts above set forth the
commission is of the opinion that no re
frigerated beef furnished by contractors
and issued to the troops during the war
with Spain was subjected to or treated
wilh any chemicals by the contractors or
those in their employ.
Medical Department.
This important part of the report Is dwelt
upon' at great length by the commission
and must be read In its complete form to
be properly understood. A glance at the
commission's summing up, however, will
sufficiently indicate its nature:
"That the nursing force during the
months of May, June and July was neither
ample nor efficient, reasons for which may
be found in the lack of a proper volunteer
hospital corps, due to the failure of con-
gress to authorize its establishment and
to the nonrecognition In the beginning of
the value of women nurses and the extent
to which their services could be secured.
"That the demand- made upon the re
sources of the department In the care of
the sick and wounded was very much
greater than had been anticipated, and
consequently, in like proportion, these de
mands were imperfectly met.
"That, powerless as the department was
to have supplies transferred from point
to point, except through the intermedia
tion of the quartermaster's department. It
was seriously crippled In Its efforts to ful
fill the regulation duty of 'furnishing all
medical and hospital supplies.'
"That the shortcomings In administra
tion and operation may justly be attributed
in large measure to the hurry and confu
sion Incident to the assembling of an army
of untrained officers and men ten times
larger than before, for which no prep
arations in advance had been or could be
made- because of existing rules and regula
tions. ,„
"That notwithstanding all the manifest,
errors, of omission rather than of com
mission, a vast deal of good work was done
by medical officers, high and low. nmuar
and vehiiiieei. and ihe.re were unusually
few deaths among the wounded and the
ttesult of Snntintro Campaign.
In conclusion the report says: "The re
sult of the Santiago campaign was the
complete realization of the several objects
contemplated: The capture of the city
with its fortifications and munitions of
war, together with Immense supplies of
foodstuffs and ammunition (the former es
timated by Gen. Wood at 1,200,000 rations):
the surrender of the entire province of San
tiago do Cuba, with all the troops garri
soning the same (amounting, as already
stated, to between 23,000 and 24,000): the de
struction by the navy of Admiral Cervera's
fleet after its departure from the harbor,
and the general demoralization of the
Spanish forces and the discomfiture of the
Spanish government and people, leading al
most immediately to overtures for peace
ty Spain. All this was accomplished with
out the loss of a prisoner, a gun or a color,
and with a list of casualties aggregating
in killed less than 250 and in wounded less
than 1,400—losses which, in comparison
with results, are less than have ever here
tofore occurred in modern warfare."
It should be added, also, that the total
deaths in battle, from wounds and disease
from the beginning to the end of the epi
sode aggregated less than 3,000—only a
fraction over one per cent.
The report closes thus: "In concluding
Its labors it is with much pleasure that the
commission reports that notwithstanding
the haste with which the nation entered up
on the war with Spain, the resulting and al
most inevitable confusion in bureau and
camp, the many difficulties of arming, as
sembling and transporting large bodies of
hitherto untrained men, the carrying on of
active operations in two hemispheres, the
people of the United States should fever be
proud of its soldiers, who, cooperating with
Its sailors, in less than three months put
an end to Spanish colonial power, enfran
chised oppressed people and taught the
world at large the strength andthe nobility
of a great republic."
Quarreled Over Uanor Bill.
Cleveland, O., Feb. 13.—John Visocke,
a Slav, was shot and almost instantly
lcilled.in a saloon and dance hall at the
corner of Hill and Cross streets late
Sunday night by the saloonkeeper,
John Skintick. The killing was the re
sult of a quarrel over a liquor bill
which, it is alleged,' Visocke owed the
saloonkeeper. Skintick disappeared
from the place before the arrival of the
police, but was captured early Monday.
Good Citizenship.
Cincinnati, Feb. 13. The third an
imal convention of the National Good
Citizenship league will be held at Cin
Jinnati ?4ay 2,'3 and 4. The proceed
gpneral discussion and pro
mme of addresses will be in accord
ceffith the aims and objects of tliis
«a«v6ineni.
Haaband Charged with Morder.
Providence, E. I., "Feb. 13. Mrs.
Amos Palmer, of Edgewood, E. I., was
Shot and almost instantly killed Sun
day night in her home, and her hus
band has been arrested charged with
her murder. Palmer was at one time
confined in an insane asylum.
Blase at New Holland, 111.'
Lincoln, Bl., Feb. 13.—Fire visited the
town of New Holland, near here, Sun
day night-, and destroyed a half-block
of business houses and rendered sev
eral families homeless. The loss not
covered by insurance is $3,000.
To Do Hydranllc Mlntn«.
Tacoma, Wash., Feb. 14. —The North
American Transportation & Mining
company is preparing to engage in hy
draulic mining in the Klondike on a
large scale this sprirg.
BAD FIRE IN CHICAGO.
Book and Stationery Firm of A. C.
BIcClars Jk Co., Suffer Loss
of #050,000.
Chicago, Feb. 13.—Fire Sunday de
stroyed the live-story brick building on
the northwest corner of Madison street
and Wabash avenue, occupied by the
book and stationery firm of A. C. Mc
Clurg & Co., entailing a loss of $650,000.
of v^hich $500,000 is on stock. Mandel
Bros.' dry goods store, adjoining in the
rear, was damaged $10,000. The fire
was caused by an explosion of gas from
a leaking pipe on the third floor. Zero
weather hindered the fir-emen, many of
whom were severely frostbitten.
Frozen water mains checked the supply
of water. McClurg's stock was insrired
for $350,000.
Waa Not Yellow Fevei
Havana, Feb. 13. There have been
no new cases of yellow fever reported
from Guanajay. Lieut.-Col. O'Eeilly,
chief surgeon of the department of
Cuba, has accepted the report of the
autopsy made by Maj. Kneedler. the
surgeon there, in the case of a soldier
there who was supposed to have died
from the fever. Maj. Kneeuler's raport
showed that death in tliis case was not
due to yellow fever, but to pernicious
malarial fever.
Stubbed 'flifiiiiRli tlie Heart.
Cleveland, O., Feb. 13.—Jacob Ger
brandt, night iirenuui at- the Hunt
stamping works on Hiekox street, near
Euclid avenue, was found dead in the
boiler room of the plant, early Monday,
having been stabbed tbrough the heart.
The only clew found was a woman's
•knit fascinator, which was lying near
the body. The murdered man was 40
vnrs' old, aud had a wife and three
children.
Killed by illnck Uninp.
Diamondville, Wyo., Feb. 13.—John
L. Russell and B. L. Wright- were killed
Sunday nijrht by black damp in the
DiamondTille mine. Ten others were
overcnit^. but were rescued in time
to save lin.ir lives.
ISSUED IN fWO PARTS
.1'
Malabon, One of Aguinaldo's Strong
holds, Captured After a
Hard Fight,
THE AMERICAN LOSS WAS VERY SLIGHT.
Only Tvro Killed and Xine Wounded—
Insurgent Loss, However, Was
Very Heavy—Rebels Cannot Check
Progress of Our Troops—Otis Will
Prevent a Retreat to Malolos.
Manila, Feb. 13.—Malabon was taken
Saturday by the American troops, the
insurgents setting fire to the town as
they retreated. The outposts have been
advanced beyond Caloocan, and Mala
ton, north of Caloocan, was shelled
Saturday morning by the monitor
Monadnock and the cruiser Charleston.
In extending the left wing of the Amer
ican army much desultory firing from
the insurgents has been encountered.
The monitor Monadnock steamed from
her position off Malabon and hurled
scores of shells along the coast line, de
moralizing the insurgents and sending
them scurrying toward the mountains
while the American column was advanc
ing.
American Loss Slight.
In this attack the American arms suf
fered a loss of two killed and nine
wounded. The insurgent loss was
heavy. After the retreat of the insur
gent forces plans showing a meditated
attack upon Manila were discovered.
It is estimated that the strength of
Aguinaldo's army is about 40,000, which
is made up in part of Ygarotes and
mountaineers. The evident design of
Gen. Otis' campaign is to pursue tho
rebels into the mountains and so sur
round them as to prevent the escape of
Agutealdo who. it is now i^derstood,,
iron his way taj. the insurgent capital,
Malolos. Here, ii\is thought, he will
attempt to make a last stanefcwith what -,
is left of his shattered army, and when
forced back the insurgent army will
break into outlaw bands and seek the
fastnesses of the mountains for se
curity. It is impossible for the rebels
to check the progress of the American
army. They are, however, attempting
to destroy the towns from which they
are driven.
Rebel* Burning Towns.
The fire at Malabon, set by the insur
gents as they retreated, was also put
out without great-difficulty. Beyond
Caloocan the railroad lines are still held
by the rebels, but up to this point the
American troops ar«i in possession and
have most of the road's rolling stock.
Haytay and Canita have surrendered to
the American advance guard. Hun
dreds of unarmed Filipinos are seeking
asylum within the., American lines.
Aguinaldo is now attempting to shift
the blame for his disastrous campaign
upon the shoulders of his subordinates.
Skirmish of Sunday Night.
Manila, Feb. 13. Pursuing their
customary tactics, the insurgents on
the extreme left of the line opened
fire at long range on the American
troops Sunday night, maintaining their
Are for a few minutes before settling
down.- None of the shots took effect,
however, and the Ameriofens did not
reply.
All was quiet along the rest of the
line.
The Concord it now lying off Para
naque.
The weather at night now is cool
and showers are frequent.
Private Meisick, of the Montana regi
ment, died in tbe hospital Sunday.
Waa Ordered from Hong-Kong
Washington, Feb. 13.—A dispatch
from Gen. Otis received at the War de
partment Sunday morning says he has
been informed that tfye attack made on
the American forces by the rebels was
in pursuance of advices received by
Aguinaldo from Hong-Kong.
TOO MUCH CELEBRATION,
Opening of tbe Chinese Xcw Year
Marked l»y a Small Tragedy
In San Francisco.
San Francisco, Feb. 13.—The celebra'
tion of the Chinese new year in this
city has resulted in a tragedy. White
fireworks were being exploded from a
window of the employment agency of
Jue Bun, at 724 Commercial street, a
lot of firecrackers inside the house was
accidentally lighted and the room was
soon in flames. A number of Chinese
were smoking opium in the place at
the time. Five who were rescued told
of others remaining in a stupor and a
vigorous search by the police resulted
in the discovery of the drugged Mon
golians. Quong Dqck was burned to
death and his charred remains were
taken to the Morgue. Tu Mow, Jim Shu
and Chan Wo were all badly burned and
their recovery is doubtful.
PRICE.
FHlDAT'^
VOLUME XXXIV NO. 13.
PHOTOS
Reduced In
Traffic Almost Paralyzed by Snow
in New Ycrk and Other
Big Cities.
BELOW ZERO IN THE SOUTHERN STATES
All Records for Wintry Weather
Broken at Wnshlngton, Baltimore^
and Atlanta—llallroads Blockaded
and Behind lime la Deluware ui
Pennsylvania.
Xew York, Feb. 13. The fearful
storm which prevailed all day Sunday
and Sunday night has increased in vio
lence, and together with the snow
which has drifted in many places has
almost entirely paralyzed traffic. Sur
face cars are almost entirely stalled,
the elevated trains are running with
out regard to schedule, and ferry boats
make a few trips as best they can. The
upper and lower bay is one mass of ice.
Mary Goodwin, of Brooklyn, aged 31
years, was frozen to death on Sunday.
An unidentified woman was found
frozen to death in a hallway on Forty
seventh street in this city Sunday
morning. She was thinly clad and had'
evidently sought shelter from the'
storm.
Philadelphia Trolley Cars Tied Cp.
Philadelphia, Feb. 13. The storm
in this vicinity has assumed the pro
portions of a blizzard. This has had
the effect of piling the light, dry snow
up in drifts until some streets beconi®J:§
impassable to trolley cars.
Abandon Train Service.
Philadelphia, Feb. 13.—The Beadi^/|||||
railroad at noom Monday issued offidtt'|'^%
announcement of the entire abax^bn»'fJfj
ment of its train service until furtfcfe^S
notice. The Pennsylvania railroad is^TJfeg
movitig about half of its
scheduled passehger "trains, but
abandoned ifeight'and.coal, traina
Snoiv In the Coal Heilo'nl
Pottsville, Pa., Feb. 13.—Th,e«oalre
gions are snow bound to the depth of.
several feet. The snow drifted' Ik
manner never equaled before. Bail^yi
roadi traffic is suspended, except. forV
a few mail trains, which are beinjf.,-,^'
forced through the. drifts ,hour*Jbe«t
hind time. |V4
Boston Traffic Delayed. j^i|¥
Boston, Feb. 13. The heavy srow^
storm which began here on Saturday
increased in force during tlie night
and Monday morning a high northeast
wind was driving the snow into biffi'V
drifts and covering the railroad tracka^S#
with amass of snow that soon, began to
delay traffic in spite of all efforts to
keep open the lines. Thermometer
was 12 degrees below zero. ...
BUndlnv Storm in Connecticut.
New Haven, Conn., Feb. 13.—During1
Saturday night the snowstorm whicb
prevailed intermittently Saturday night.. „,
a S a el in to
had many of the characteristics of''/
a blizzard, and Monday practically the
whole state of Connecticut waa suf^^|
fering from a blinding snowstorm.
All Records Broken In Wuklnglta,
fall of the past week 13 iriphes
added from Saturday night up to tea
o'clock Monday. At the hour when
the weathfer bureau made this observa
tion the snow was falling as fas& and
heavily as at any time since it began
and a high wind was piling ii in huge
drifts.
Baltimore Gets Iter Share.
Baltimore, Md., Feb. 13.—Snow has
been falling in this city without inter
mission since nine o'clock Saturday
night and the wind has been blowing
a gale, from the northwest, with tlie
result that the street car lines and all
tlie steamboat lines leading into the
city are at a standstill. Reports from
all parts of the state show the same
condition of things and much suffer
ing both. among the farmers and the
poor. All trains are behind, owing to
snowdrifts on all lines.
Situation in Atlanta and the South.
Atlanta, Ua., Feb. 13.—The south
shivered Monday in a temperature of
unprecedented severity. From the
Gulf of Mexico northward and from
the Atlantic coast to the west bound- i,
aries of Texas, the col&'wave has set"
tied heavily on" the countiry and prib'v
duced the lowest temperature ever'4
known. Anniston, Ala., reported tha
lowest temperature—15 below at seven
Vclock in the morning. "T
Vf
Washington, Feb. 13.—The phenom.
enal weather of the past week culmi- $S|
nated in a blizzard-like snowstorm
Monday which broke all records and-'' 'a»
left no room for the oldest inhabitant, jjs
to say the winters were no longer so
severe as when he was a boy. The
temperature record was smashed last
week when the thermometer went
15 degrees below zero and a snow
ord was established when to the
heavy-iS'I''1towas"'rec­

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