OCR Interpretation


The Denison review. [volume] (Denison, Iowa) 1867-current, August 01, 1902, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038095/1902-08-01/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

rwm.
THE HOME AND HIGHER
EDUCATION
BY MRS. CARRIE CHAPMAN CATT,
PRESIDENT NATIONAL WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION.
Within a few weeks there have been
graduated from our colleges and universities
four or five thousand young women. The
fact represents the fruit of a half century
of earnest and intelligent agitation in behalf
of the right of women to receive the higher
education, and the duty of the public to pro
vide means whereby that education may be
acquired. COLLEGE WOMEN AREj
NOW FAR TOO NUMEROUS TO BE
REGARDED AS AN INNOVATION,
AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENTS HAVE
BEEN TOO IMPORTANT TO CON
SIDER THEM LONGER AS AN EX
PERIMENT yet there is evidence in plen
ty that the college woman, her present
sphere and her future destiny furnish a problem which vexes the
spirit of many a skeptic. The subtle ridicule which attended the ad
vent of the college woman has given way to cordial approval. The
conversion of intolerance into tolerance, of ridicule into applause, is
due to the fact that these doubts have been forever quieted by the
indisputable demonstration of the fallacy of the four chief claims of
the opposition:
1. Women are mentally capable of grasping a college education,
and a great many women are more capable of doing so than a great
many men.
2. Women are physically able to bear the continued strain of a
college course, and many are far better able to bear it than many'
men.
3. The college woman has no more lost the "eternal womanly" 1
than the college man has lost the "eternal manly" in the struggle
for education.
4. College women, like college men, have not lost their ability
and desire to become home-makers, nor their willingnss to obey the
second law of nature, "the preservation of the species."
For 50 years the extension of educational privileges to women
has been a concession to the plea for individual rights of women the
new question has been raised in defense of the rights of men. An
impetus was undoubtedly given to the new line of thought when, in
1898, Charles W. T. Harris, commissioner of education, made the
prediction that if women students at colleges should continue to in- 1
crease as rapidly in proportion to'men students as they had done
in the past, it would not be many years before there would be more
women than men in our colleges. This fact evidently has frightened
the conservative and aroused a gentle but firm opposition to co
education. The fact that girl graduates from our grammar and
high schools are considerably greater in number than boys, and the
even more significant fact that men in our nation now carry a larger
percentage of illiteracy than women, may have added to the general
alarm of conservatives.
Invite the college woman to share in the work of the world ac
cording to her inclinations and her abilities, recognizing her as a pos
itive factor of society, as in the charactcr of her endowments we may
safely conclude nature intended her to be. Then endow her with the
ballot, that she may have authority to force her opinions and to do
the work of her choice in the most effective way. In the beginning
the gift of education to the people through our public schools was
not given in the spirit of philanthropy, but was extended in order
that our government might rest upon an intelligent citizenship. Now
that a majority of the products of the public schools are GIRLS and
a preponderance of literacy of the nation has been tipped to the side
of WOMEN now that the interests of the women can no longer
be confined to the home, but are found upon the outside as well as
the inside of that home, the logician will have difficulty to find a
sound reason for believing much longer that the government, as well
as the home, the school and the church, MAY NOT BE SAFELY
TRUSTED TO THE JOINT JUDGMENT OF MEN AND
WOMEN.
THERE ARE NO
Hardly any phrase is more misleading, or has done more injury
to man and beast, than: "The dog days." In July and August it is
supposed that dogs are in danger
of rabbies, and that human beings
are subject to hydrophobia, if bit
ten by them.
O A S
BY CHARLES H. HANKINSCN,
Supt. of American Society for the Pre
vention of Cruelty to Animals.
HYDROPHOBIA. When you hear the cry "Mad dog!" in the
street, the chances are many thousands to one that the dog is not
mad. When you read in the newspapers that some one has been bit
ten bv a mad dog, the chances are thousands to one that IT IS NOT
TRUE.
I HAVE BEEN WITH THE
SOCIETY FOR 30 YEARS. I
HAVE NEVER SEEN A MAD
DOG. I DON'T BELIEVE
THERE IS SUCH A THING AS
If a human being is bitten is he doomed to a fearful death by
hydrophobia? Not at all, for, if it exists at all, HYDROPHOBIA IN
HUMAN BEINGS IS MUCH MORE RARE THAN RABBIES
IN A DOG.
Physicians who have given special attention to the subject are
convinced that hydrophobia is never caused by the bite of a dog. It
is simply a hysterical nervous disease caused by unfounded dread.
But how to be sure that a dog is not mad?
It is supposed that a mad dog dreads water. It is not so. He
is apt to plunge his head in up to the eyes, though he cannot drink.
It is supposed that a mad dog runs about in intense excitemciH.
The so-called mad dog never runs about in agitation. If approached
by
man or dog, he shows no signs of excitement, but snaps and re
sumes his solitary trot.
If a dog barks, yelps, or howls, he is not mad. The only sound
a mad dog emits is a hoarse howl, and that but seldom.
It is supposed that a mad dog froths at the mouth. If the dog's
mouth is covered with white froth, the dog is not mad. The sure
sign of a mad dog, so the authorities say, is a thick and ropy brown
mucus clinging to the lips.
I repeat: There is no such thing as human hydrophobia, and 1
have never seen a mad dog. THERE ARE SICK DOGS, AND
POGS THAT HAVE FITS.
Q9«*
SOME LONELY PLACES.
PUZZLE PICTURE.
Island Homes "Where the News of the
World Is News a Month After
the Event.
The lighthouse keepers at Eddy
stone were 11 days late in learning
the news of the peace in South Af
rica, but they may be quite early
compared with St. Kilda, which may
have still to learn that the war is
really over. It is strange to think
that, in this age of telegraphs and
telephones, when messages are
flashed round the world in lesa time
than it takes a cabman to drive from
St. Paul's to Charing Cross, there are
still lonely parts of the empire many
months removed from civilization, so
isolated that no whisper of great
events reaches them until they have
taken their place in history, and are
all but forgotten in the great world.
More remarkable still is it that in
these days of imperialism there
should be, even in an empire which
shelters one-fourth of the human
race, a whole community quite for
gotten, says St. James' Gazette.
Yet, "forgotten empire" is much
more than a mere phrase. There is
pathos as well as glory in empire.
The entire population of a lonely
island in the Pacific, over which the
British flag flies, was found two or
three years ago to be "close to
death" through starvation. For nine
months not a ship had called at the
Palmerston islands, and, though the
heat killed all the cocoanut trees and
dried up every plant and vegetable
which could be used as fruit, the peo
ple of the islands were cut oil from
the rest of the world, and from food
supply of any kind. Somehow, in the
shipping' arrangements which em
brace Palmerston islands, the place
had been forgotten, and the situa
tion of the people liad become des
perate when the relief arrived. The
owner of the island had died the day
before, and the whole population was
starving when a calling vessel, hap
pily named the Empire, brought them
food.
The Eddy stone lighthouse men,
though left for 11 days without an
historic piece of news, have never en
dured the bitter experience of the
lighthouse men on Percy island, one
of the many small islands on the
Queensland coast. For months they
were "forgotten," and the supplies
which should have reached them in
August arrived at the end of October,
with the result that the unhappy
men, 20 in number, were found al
most delirious from lack of food. The
food supply of Percy island is sup
posed to be delivered once a quarter,
but no food arrived at the island
after 1he first week in June, 1900, un
til a British sloop chanced to pass in
October. The islanders managed to
hail the vessel, which left behind an
atnple supply of provisions, and re
minded the Queensland government
of the lighthouse men, whose ex
istence it liafl forgotten.
Won't "Work in Rain.
"There's a queer thing about Ital
ian laborers," said a contractor who
employs a great many of them, "and
I that is that they absolutely refuse to
work in the rain. Stop a minute and
I think. Did you ever see a gang of
I them working on the streets, dig
ging trenches or doing any other
manual labor, in the rain? Well, you
never did, and probably never will,
Just as soon as a shower sets in, no
matter how slight, they will scram
ble for cover. If the rain continues
they will soon complain of feeling
sick, and knock off for the day. One
fellow, will have a sore throat, an
other will be doubled up with pains
in his stomach, and others will sud
denly acquire equally severe ailments
of all sorts. It is useless to attempt
to do anything with them, and pret
ty soon they will all go trooping
home. Why is it? I suppose it's
their natural antipathy to water."
—Chicago Journal.
A Had Job.
Sunday School Teacher—And Sam
eon was shorn of his strength and
compelled to go into retirement.
Why was this?
Tommy—'Cause he had his hair cut
by a woman. That's enough to make
any feiler want to sneak off an' hide
somewhere.—Philadelphia Press.
ew
"I WONDER WHO HAS DEBH USING THIS SAWT"
FIND THE CULPRIT,
AMERICAN SELF-DECEIT.
A Fnllinc AVTilcli Calls for the Exera
else of Discipline of the
Intellect.
Our self-deceit is a sign that we
have neglected great interests con
nected with the intellect, says H. D.
Sedgwick, Jr., in Atlantic. If our
minds were used to study not merely
material things, but also all other
ideas that surround and vivify life,
we should not be able to lead this
amphibious existence of self-deceit,—
half in words and half in deeds. As
contemplation is our help to see life
as a whole, andi our guide toward
ripeness and completeness, so we
may discover a help against self-de
ceit in the observance of discipline.
Discipline is the constant endeavor
to understand, the continual grapple
with all ideas, the study of unfamil
iar things, the search for unity and
truth it is the spirit which calls
nothing common, which compels
that deep respect tor this seemingly
infinite universe which the Bible calls
the fear of the Lord. Discipline
turns to account all labor, all experi
ence, all pain it is the path up the
mountain of purgatory, from the top
of which contemplation shows man
life as a whole. Discipline teaches us
to keep distinct and separate the per
manent and the transitory on the
moral side discipline teaches us that
right and wrong are not matters of
sentimentality, that will and energy
are untrustworthy guides. Discipline
lies less in wooing success than in
marriage to unsuccessful causes, un
popular aims, unflattering ends. Dis
cipline is devotion to form it teaches
that everything from clay to the
thought of man is capable of per
fect form, and that the highest pur
pose of labor is to approach that
form. Discipline will not let us nar
row life to one or two ideas, it will
not let us deceive ourselves, or put
on the semblance of joy or grief like
a Sunday coat.
"For the holy Spirit of Discipline will fle«
deceit,
And remove from thoughts that are without
undertsancing, I
And will not abide when righteousness I
cometh in."
Discipline and contemplation bring
life to that ripeness which is the I
foundation of happiness, of righteous
ness, of great achievement tliey are
the means by which, while we wait
for the inspiration and leadership of
great men, we may hope to piece out
the brilliant but imperfect education
provided by our industrial civiliza
tion, and help our sons to become, in
Lowell's proud words, the finest race
of gentlemen in the world.
VERY YOUNG SMOKERS.
Even Ilabies, Just Old Enoigh to
Toddle Are Addieted to
the Habit.
"Slumming to find out how the oth
er half lives, has always been more
or less of a society fad yet, perhaps
there are conditions even in sweet
smelling Detroit not generally un
derstood. Why, I know of streets in
this city in which nine out of ten per
sons, men, women and children,
smoke. Even babies, just aid enough
to toddle, are addicted to the tobac
co habit."
Such were the remarks introduc
tory to a story by a gentleman whose
work in the slums is not in any
sense a fad, states the Free Press.
"Not long ago," said he, "I was
talking with a woman who seemed a
little more intelligent than her
neighbors:
'Do your boys smoke?' I asked,
not knowing for certain that there
were boys, but knowing that in thin
street the home without boys was
the exception.
"Not attempting to imitate her dia
lect—'yes, they do,' she said, 'both of
'em. The oldest one isn't bad. He
just smokes a pipe once in awhile,
liut my youngest boy, he does like
tobacco! Why, every time he gets
hold of five cents he goes right off
to the store and buys one of them
long black cigars, and sits right down
and smokes it.'
"Come to find out, the moderate
pipe smoker had reached the discreet
age of seven. The smoker of long,
black cigars was live!"
CHICKEN COOP DOOR.
It la Simple in Construction, Dot Ef
fective at All Seasons of
the Year.
While making a visit to George I.
Moore's farm in Plymouth county,
Mass., he called my attention to a
chickencoopdoortliat he invented and
has used for some time. The arrange
ment is simple, as the drawing will
show, but is nevertheless effective.
Doors that slide up and down between
•leats are apt to bind when swelled by
rain.
When doors are fitted with hinges,
upless of leather, they will rust and
break when exposed to the weather.
•gkagfcwi'jI,.jA'jlQf
DOOR THAT NEVER STICKS.
Mr. Moore has obviated all this trou
ble by the use of a common one-quar
ter-inch carriage bolt, and the door
is opened and closed with ease, no mat
ter what the weather may be. The
entrance hole to the coop should be
circular and about ten inches across,
while the door must be about one inch
larger, with one side pear shape, in
which to bore the hole for the bolt on
which the door is hung.
The door rests on a cleat, the up
per side of which just fits the side of
the door. Mr. Moore has used these
doors double on some of his coops,
one inside, the other out, thus giving
greater protection to the inmates, es
pecially in the fall and winter months.
In freezing weather the outside door
might stick to the cleat, but this trou
ble can be avoided by driving two
shingle nails or screws on each side of
the cleat for the door to rest on. To
insure the easy working of the door
ft would be well to put a washer be
tween it and the side of the coop, which
will prevent binding during a rain
storm.—American Agriculturist.
CLEANING FEATHERS.
V»ry Few Know That They Can B*
Washed, Whenever It'May lie
Needed, Jnst Like Clothes.
The old-fashioned feather bed. once
so popular, has been steadily on the
decline for some time, as many claim
that feathers are hotbeds for germs,
and breed all kinds of disease. There
may be some truth in the theory,
but the prejudice is, no doubt, great
ly exaggerated. Our grandmothers
for the most part slept on feather
beds several times as large as the
ones now in use, yet many of them
enjoyed excellent health and lived to
a ripe old age. Feathers are unde
niably very comfortable ,jii winter,
and delicate persons and those who
culler greatly from cold should use
them, if they are aired regularly
and given hygienic care there is no
danger. It is commonly believed
that feather beds should be sunned,
but such is not the case, as the heat
of the sun draws out the oil in feath
ers and gives them a rancid odor
air them in the shade, it does not
matter how cold it is, provided there
Is no dampness. Many are not aware
that leathers may be easily and suc
cessfully washed, thus insuring thor
ough cleanliness and disinfection, at
stated periods or after illness. To
wash a feather bed, it is more con
venient to divide the contents by
emptying them into two large sacs
made of coarse cotton. Have ready a
tub of boiling hot suds to which has
been added two or three tablespoon
fuls of powdered borax. Immerse
the bag in the water and stir with a
clothes stick until the feathers are
quite clean. Then dip in a second
tub of waim, clear water and rinse
in the same manner. In warm weath
er there is no difficulty in drying
them, but in winter they should be
hung in a warm room, or better
still, near a hot air pipe or register,
and left for some time before they
are again used. Pillows may be
treated in the same way and- are
much easier to manage.—E. 1{. Park
er, in Indiana Farmer.
PREPARE FOR DROUGHT.
1
Clean Versus Dirty Empi,
Commission merchants say that on
an average there is a difference of
four cents a dozen between soiled
eggs and those that are sent to mar
ket bright and clean, and it is not
necessary that all the eggs of a ship
ment shall be soiled in order to
make the consignment rank as such.
Even a very small proportion of
soiled eggs in a package will cause
the whole to be rated several cents
below the best market price. The
trampling on the eggs by the dirty
feet of the hens, fresh from the
moist earth of the yard, and the dis
coloration produced, does not affect
the contents, but it gives the egga
an uninviting appearance, and it is
not expected that people will be in
different to the looks of things which
they buy for their table. Poultry
keepers can afford to take time to
clean the shells of the eggs which
they send to market when the failure
to do so means the loss of four cents
dozen.—Rural World.
Many Seasons That Begin with Otn
plons Downponrs of Itain End
In Dry Spells.
A look ahead is worth more than
a dozen glances behind, unless the
latter are used to draw a lesson
from. After the drought it is poor
consolation to say that if we had
done so and so the crops would have
been saved. It is better to be pre
pared for a drought early in the
season, and to do this is simply to
give the crops the cultivation they
actually need. First we should do
our plowing as early as possible, and
then the harrow and cultivator
should follow the plow, at regulaj- in
tervals. By giving early and deep
and continued cultivation we accu
mulate moisture in the soil so that
we have a surplus to withstand any
ordinary droughts. But to retain a
surplus of moisture the soil must
be in a finely pulverized condition.
Lumpy and cloddy soil soon parts
with moisture, either through soak
ing down into the subsoil or being
carried away by the winds and sun.
Deep plowing is necessary at first,
but surface cultivation thereafter is
best. The few inches of topsoil that
is finely pulverized may then dry
out by the hot weather and winds,
but the roots of the plants wall find
a moist subsoil which they can
run down to. This is beneficial to
the plants because it strengthens
their power of resistance to drought
and makes them sturdier and more
vigorous growers. Surface feeding
plants are always the first to suc
cumb to drought.
One should use the roller more
freely on soils to store up moisture
against drought. This is particular
ly true on very light, loose soils
where the capillary openings are al
ways so large that water passes too
readily upward and downward. The
roller compresses this soil and
makes it firmer, so the movement of
the water is slower. Rapid move
ment of the water in the soil, either
upward or dowjiward, is to be avoid
ed. The soil that holds it and re
fuses to part with it is what we
need. We can get such mechanical
conditions in almost any soil if we
plow, harrow, cultivate and roll
properly. Such preparations against
drought are the best that can be
done, for if the dry spell does not
appear the plants will be benefited
by the cultivation to such an extent
as to pay for all the trouble.—W. S
Farmer, in Boston Budget.
POPULAR IN SOUTH.
Outdoor Fresh-Air Closets for the
Storage of All Sorts of House
hold Necessities.
It is common in the south for
country folks to have a sort of out
door fresh air closet, a small de
tached structure set in the shadiest
place possible, standing upon four
tall legs, with a flat shingled roof of
barely enough slant to shed the
rain. The floor is at least four feet
OUTDOOR FRESH AIR CLOSET.
from the ground and the whole
structure only wide enough to reach
well across one's arm. There are
shelves all around and the weather
boarding up near the roof is drilled
with tiny augur holes for ventila-
tion. The door fits tightly andj
fastens with a lock. Around each of
the legs is fastened a tar bandage
six inches above the ground, which
traps ants, spiders and their ilk.
The structure is whitewashed inside
and out twice a year. In hot weath
er shelves and flooring are washed
every morning and scoured twice a
week. Such a fixture should not
cost over three or four dollars, even
if one hires it built.—Mrs. T. C.
Cummings, in Good Housekeeping.
TIMELY FARM NOTES.
The best M'ay to keep weeds) out of
the fields, is to keep fertility in. The
grass will then assert itself and con
quer the weeds.
Whether potatoes are to be grown
on the level or in ridges depend*
largely on the »oil and to some ex
tent on the s,eas.on. It would be a
mistake to attempt to raise potatoes
by level culture in a clay soil badly
drained.
When once established alfalfa
should be cut at least three times
yearly, the first cutting occurring in
June, well before the usual time, of
haying. If cutting be delayed quality
sniffers. It must, therefore, be grown
by itself, unmixed with grass..
Valuable Salve for llorire*.
A salve valuable to horsemen, says
the New York Tribune, may be made
of equal quantities by measure of pino
tar, sulphur and lard. Mix the sulphur
with the tar and stir it well, then add
the lard and stir again. Set it on the
stove and simmer for six hours, occa
sionally stirring it. It will cure the
scratches on horses, and galls from the
harness. For rcratches thoroughly
wash and clean the parts Willi castile
or some other good kind of soap, and
then rub on the salve.

xml | txt