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Some Inside Facts Regarding a Most Perplexing Problem. WHY THE NATIVES HATE THEM Parchnse of Land* llcld by Romnn Cntliolic Orilci's and Departure vof Friars from Inland Will I'roic llcnelicinl. HE report that Pius X. has decided the property of the friars in the Philip pines belongs neither to the Vatican nor to the church at large, but to the Philippine church alone, has caused excitement far and wide. The idea, it s-eems, is that whatever money the United States shall pay in the purchase of the property of the friars shall remain as a permanent fund for the support of the Catholic church in the islands for this maintenance of its churches, schools and charitable works. As the turn is estimated at from ?8,000, 000 to $10,000,000, it is no wonder the subject is a matter of wide interest. As a class tl Philippine friars are tnen that have b:en trained from boy hood up in the seclusion of the church seminary not men that have sought inonastic life in mature year?, after an experience of the outside world, as is the case with many members of the Jesuit order. The Philippine islands have held a unique postion in that the administra tion of the church has been wholly in the hands of monastic orders, and that •what is called the secular priesthood has had only email, subordinate posi tions. The friars have been at work in the J1 Philippines for almost four centuries the Augustinians came to thearchipela .go in 1589 the Franciscans in 1577 the Dominicans in 1587, and the Recollets in 1606. When the various orders took up the Catholic work in the islands, the "work that has grown to such great di men'i-ons, the country was portioned out to them Individually and each followed the task assigned. The friars did not settle in communities of their own, but were scattered widely, the priest, or dained to live apart from his fellows, •cheerfully accepting hardship and isola tion with the native. HOPE Pius THE OLD CATHEDRAL AT CAVITE. A Chaiactenstic Specimen cf the Ecclesiastical Architecture of the Philippines. From the first the native of the Philip pines took kindly to the. Catholic mis- X. eionary, and the Spanish conquest of the Philippines was due to the religious or ders to the missionary rather than to •Spanish arms. In the beginning, the labor was altogether in the line of mis sionary endeavor, but gradually the friar began to have put on his back civil burdens, and gradually he took unto himself such burdens. The indolent Spanish officials found it easier to rule through these men that spoke the dia lect of the. native, knew him and his mode of life so much better than did tliey themselves. In the course of time,espe cially in the provinces, the friars came, into absolute control. Finally their power reached such a height that if de •crees were made in Spain not agreeable to them they would cither have the de crees repealed or else Ignore them if •officials were sent out that proved dis agrEeable. they were usually retired sooner or later. In the meantime the friars accumu lated great wealth. The Spanish govern ment had bestowed large tracts of sparsely settl'd land upon the church with the idea that the lands would be cultivated and the country improved. And that the friars, or their parish ioners, improved these lance, is undenia ble the revenues therel'rcm have climbed to high figures the friars have been able to build great cathedrals, con struct monasteries and convents almost palatial. By various other means much other Teal estate than that granted by the gov- ernment was added to their possessions, and sometimes half of a province would become church property. At the close of our war with Spain, in the immediate vicinity of Manila the Dominicans held 140,000 acres. Within the walled city in Cavite and in Paco, the Dominicans, Augustinians, Franciscans, Recoletanos, Sisters ot St. Vincent de Paul and Jesuits, all had large churches, convents,schools and other property the finest buildings in the islands were thechurch buildings. In 19Q2 the valuation of the real estate of the friars in Manila alone was 5,901, 978 Mcxican dollars. In addition to their "parish" property—convent, rectory, cemetery, glebe and farm lands the or ders have owned sugar estates, blocks of real estate, shares in business com panies, and have themselves entered into, business enterprises. For awhile they had the monopoly of the important rice trade. At various periods the people rebelled against their power. In 1622 the island of Bohol made insurrection, and again in 1744 in 1872, in Cavite, there was an uprising and in 1896 the Tagalog prov inces evinced their dissatisfaction with the priestly power. The object was the expulsion of the friars and the confisca tion of their property. From time to time secret societies were formed and' much agitation was kept up against ec clesiastical control. As one writer has so well put it, at the root of all things political in the islands has lain that most delicate of all matters, a religious ques tion. The feeling has grown and grown, and to-day, whether unjustly or not, there is a considerable demand amongst the natives for the expulsion of the friars. The constitution of the Philippine Re public, adopted January, 1899, confis cated their lands and the revolutionists not only drove out many monks, but im prisoned and put to death others. Some sought safety in light, and their numbers decreased from the 1,124 who were in the islands in 1896 to only the 472 of 1900. But the treaty of Paris, which de- fined our relations with Filipino affairs, allowed the expelled monks to return and provided protection for the property of the religious orders. Since, our assumption of authority, petitions find their way to newly-arrived American dignitaries, military and ec clesiastical, asking that the signers, loyal Roman Catholics, no longer be re quired to submit to the administrations of the distasteful friars, but that the se cular clergy serve, in their stead. Such re quests, as can readily be understood, have proved difficult matters to settle at all satisfactorily, and the- question oi what to do with the friars has been one of the very gravest that has confronted us since we took to expansion. Latest reports say, however, that the friars themselves now wish to leave the Philip pines, would go as a body into voluntary exile from the land where their kind have labored for so long. There are many evidences that the friars not only took but also bestowed in their centuries of work in the Philip pines. They proved of greatest aid in protecting their people from invading Moor and from Chinese pirate. All the Filipino received in the way of education and religious instruction was through the friar and however narrow that may have been, he gave- the savage whatever of enlightenment he attained to. In 1901 the parish registers showed 6,599, 998 church members out of a population estimated at from 9,000,000 to 12,000,000. As missionary, teacher, confessor, physi cian, the friar has played a very impor tant part in the life of a Filipino com munity and if he lias arrogated to him self much power, he has also borne, the white man's burden of the tropics. KATHER1NE POPE. Baby Bridesmaid ltnu Away. A curious incident occurred at a fashionable wedding in St. Peter's church, London, the other day, when Miss Ruth Okeovcr, niece of Lord Wa tcrpark, was married to Capt. Hervey Bruce, of the Irish Guards. Shortly after the commencement of the service quite a commotion was caused by the baby bridesmaid, daughter of Mrs. As sheton Curzon. Tiring of the long cere mony the child placed her basket, of flowers on the floor and trotted dov/n the aisle between the perplexed guards men in search of amusement. She was captured at the door by her nurse and handed over to her mother, who car ried her back to the altar. nnrnlar wltli l'isliiiist I.ino. An American, a guest at a hotel in Peking, was awakened during the night by a roll of paper falling. Getting out of bed he saw, with astonishment, a pole, to which was attached a fishing line, moving about the room, collecting various objects and removing them through the window. Upon going down stairs he was heard by the burglarious Chinaman oufside to whom the rod be longed, and who escaped, leaying hi* fishing line behind him. GAVE THEM A SETBACK, "I was making a little tour of a su burban county in my automobile last summer," said aNew Yorker, relates the Sun, "and one day drew oft to one side of the road with my machine and stopped to let an approaching farm team pass. The team came up, showing no fear at the sight of the auto, and I liailed'the farmer in the wagon. He stopped his team. I'm glad to see that the horses through her? have become used to the automobiles and are no longer fright ened by them,' I said. 'Yes,' replied the farmer, "but its a big setback to us farmers. It's goin to raise our taxes like all possessed 'Raise your taxes!' said I. 'Yes,' he replied. 'You see, some of our feller citizens has been hot foot fer a good while back to have the town git one o' these steam road makin' ma chines, and they cost tremendous—?2,000 or |3,000—and we've been objectin' to it every time, and carryin' our p'int, on the ground that one o' them machines work in' on the road and tinkerin' of 'em up all the time would be everlastin'ly sheer in' our hosses so at every turn that there'd be nothln' but smashed wagons and broken bones in the town from one year's 'end to t'other, and it wouldn't be safe fer us to drive nowheres.' 'Well?' said I not a little puzzled. 'Well,* continued the farmer, 'then by and by along comes the automobiles )f all kinds and sizes and shapes, and with all sorts o' noises, and the first thing ns farmers knows it gits so our hosses ain't no more afeard of 'em and tlon't keer no more about 'em than if hey was only ox teams geehawin' by. And that knocks us.' 'How so?' said I, still puzzled. 'How so?' responded the farmer. 'Why, consarn it, if our hosses ain't skeered by automobiles, of course they ain't goin' to mind a steam road makin' machine, and so we hain't got no legs to stand on in arguin' ag'in the gittin' of one! And they're goin' to get one and set it to work, and our taxes is goin' to be humped up like all possessed to pay fer it! Two or three thousand dol lars, and all because our hosses has got iircd to automobiles on the roads, and won't skeer no more! Big setback? I should say so! Geet up, Bill!' "And the farmer drove on, but he didn't appear to be as much cast down over the setback as one might have thought. Coldent I.liiuld. Liquid hydrogen is by far the coldest liquid known at the present time. At ordinary atmospheric pressure it boils at—422 degrees F., and reduction of the pressure by an air pump brings the temperature down to—432 degrees, at which the liquid becomes a solid, resem bling frozen foam. According to Prof. Dewar, to whom the credit is due of hav ing liquefied hydrogen in 1898, the liquid is a colorless, transparent body, and is the lightest liquid known to exist, its density being only one-fourteenth that of water the lightest liquid previously known was liquid marsh gas, which is six times heavier. The only solid which has so small density as to float upon its surface is a piece of pith wood.—Cas sier's Magazine. Clever Girl. Nell—Doesn't Mr. Staylate annoy you awfully with these tiresome stories of his adventures? Belle—Oh, no they come as a relief. They enable me every now and then to elevate my eyebrows and enjoy a yawn, which he takes for "open mouthed" amazement. Philadelphia Ledger. THE TRAVELERS AND THE CROW. 3lure Than Once. "Queer idea that of calling a man and wife 'one.' "Well, when they are married they are practically one." "Nonsense! It takes two to ma'.:e a quarrel "—Philadelphia Ledger. fflfl Find a Fourth Traveler. Sonic Travelers, setting out on a journey, had not proceeded far when a one-eyed Crdw flew across their path. This they took for a bad omen, and it was proposed that they should give up their plan, for that day at least, and turn back again. "What nonsense!" said one of the Travelers, who was of a mocking and merry disposition. If this Crow could foresee what is to happen to us he would be equally knowing on his own account and, in that case, do you think he would have been silly enough to go where his eye was to be knocked out of his head Moral—AH bad omens may usually be dismissed as easily as was this one by the op timistic traveler. IIow tlie Automobile Interfered with the DoineMtic Economy of One Village. STRANGE SEA MONSTER. IIow tlie First Slight of a Manatee or Sea Cow Impressed a Flsbermau lu Florida Waters, A sight that is getting more and more raye now is that of a manatee, or sea cow—the wonderful mammal lives ex clusively in the water, like a fish, and that has furnished the foundation of many a mermaid story by thrusting its head and shoulders out of the ocean near shore, just in time to let a startled crew see it, says the Washington Post. "I shall never forget the scare I got at the first sight of a manatee," said John Mansfield, the angler. "It was last year, in the Indian river, in Florida. My boat was anchored under a bank of grasses, and I was lolling in the stern, looking idly downward into the water and thinking of anything except a sea monster, when suddenly a vast form made me pull my head back in tinctively. "The thing was so dark that it looked almost black. It was shaped like a huge, thick carrot, only, instead of the thin tail of a carrot, it had a broad, flat tail exactly like that of a lobster. "It came along smoothly and silently, gliding close along the bottcm, and at first I couldn't see any head at all. It looked weird, and I couldn't imagine what it was. "Suddenly, it bent that big lobster tail backward, doubled it beneath itself, and instantly its progress stopped as if it had put on brakes. "The next moment the thing was ap parently standing straight up on end. Then I saw two bony things like arms shoot out from the upper part of its body, and the thing began to bob back and forth like a very clumsy person trying to make funny little bows. "Then I realized that what I was look ing at was a manatee, or sea cow, and that it was in the act of feeding. A big bunch of river grass grew just where it had stopped, and it was taking it down in great mouthfuls. "I now saw that it had a head, sure enough, although it was a most absurdly small head, looking like a little cork in a big, fat bottle. But the most r: mark able thing about the head was the mouth. "The lower jaw was all right. It was like that of a seal. But the upper jaw was split vertically, so that it opened like the upper lips of a rabbit. It was a true hare lip, only it was about 40 times as big as the worst hare lip that ever was on dry land. "With the queer upper lip the manatee seized the big whisps cf river grass, and handled them as an elephant would handle hay with its trunk. Then the lower jaw would shoot out and yank it into the cavernous mouth. It was a great sight—the funny mouth, the tiny head, the huge body, twice as big around as that of a man, and about as long the rough hide, the tiny flippers, and the lobster tail—a veritable cross between a cow and a seal, and a fish and a water bug." Unhcnltliful Palaces. The illness of the czarina has been attributed to the insanitary condition of many royal palaces irf Russia, it may be so, but there are cases where inflammation of the ear arises from quite other causes. There is, of course, considerable difficulty in renovating the private apartments of a monarch whose life is in constant and imminent danger from obstinate anarchist in trigues. Unless rumor gravely lies, the czar himself doe3 not know where he will sleep before night comes, and to throw open the geography of the pal ace to workmen would increase its ter rors tenfold. The best plan would ue to employ foreigners, and, preferably. Englishmen, wno are least of all touched by hatre«l of monarchy. A court is always conservative, like a university, and it is not uninteresting to ccmpaie the statements about tho damp and unhealthy i-alaces of Russia with the famous American mother's chara -tevlsHc condemnation of the col lege, it ox&fcl.—Londoa News. THE TRAIN TO TRUNDLEBED Every niglit, when the sun goes down, The train pulis out for Trundlebed town, For Trundlebed town, that is far away. In a land where g-oblins and elves hold sway, A land that is Summer tho whole year through, The grass ever green, the sky ever blue, And every night, when, the stars look down, The train pulis out "for Trundlebed town. Choo!—Choo!—Choo!— "Hushaby," the bell Is ringing Choo!—Choo!—Choo!— "Hushaby," the steam is singing Singing, ringing, ringing, singing, Choo!—Chco!—Choo!— —John N. Milliard, in Four-Track News. TOM WAS ASTONISHED. "Snoop Cat" Has a Christmas Eve Ex perience Which He Will Xot Forget Very Soon. Thoirias was a very exemplary cat, except for the fact that he was inquisi tive. His cold nose would be stuck into 11 the jars and pitchers on the table, until they gave him the name of "Snoop Cat," which hurt his feelings. It was Christmas eve when Thomas wandered into the dining-room. "My! that's a funny looking box over there by the fireplace. Wonder what's in it?" said he to himself. "Been told not to touch hings that didn't concern me, but I'd certainly like to know what it is. "Wonder if it'd hurt jusCto push that hook back and look in. I'll die if I don't see what's in there." Softly he stole up and pushed the wire hook back. "Must be some sort of a Christmas present for Bill. If I see it first, that will be a joke on him, won't—" Fizz! squeak! slap! slam! bang! wow! Up flew the cover and out of the "PUT ME BACK. OF COURSE." box came the worst-looking ogre that ever disgraced a fairy tale. "What d'yer mean, you rascal?" shrieked the figure. "Oh!" groaned puss, as he shrank back, trembling, "this is so sudden!" "I should say it was," said the ogre, "I had just settled down for the night, hoping to get some rest before those chil dren got hold of me to-morrow, and here you come 'snooping' around and meddling with the hook and my spring sprang, and now we're in a pretty mess, for I can't get back in the box by my self, and to-morrow is Christmas." "What shall I do?" asked Thomas. "Put me back, of course, you stupid." "But I can't get you back." "That's just the moral of the whole affair," snapped the ogre. "One never can do ever what they have undone, which is to say, they can never undo what they have did, which is to say that—" But Thomas was so terrified that he did not wait to hear all the moral.—Cin cinnati Commercial Tribune. BOY SCHOOL TEACHER. Although But 13 Years Old He Lar ruped a I'upil Who Wus Keurly Thrice His Weight. The youngest pedagogue in Missouri, and perhaps in the United Stales, is teaching a country school near Gaines ville, in the Ozark mountains. He is Glenn Harrison, aged 13 years. Glenn is the eldest son ot Guy T. Harrison, a lawyer. He completed the course of study of the Gainesville public schools in March, 1902. The same mouth he took the ex amination given candidates for third grade teachers' certificates in Ozark county, making a good average and se curing a certificate. He continued to study, and just after he became 13 years old he took the examination for a second grade certificate. This time his average grade was the highest made, being 9ti per cent. Mr. Harrison be lieved his promising son was too young to teach and refused to let him accept several offers. But one day when his lather was absent attending court, Glenn took the job of teacher of a rural district, the directors of which came and offered him the place. He began work before his father returned, and the latter, finding him so ambitious, decided not to interfere. p!enn now has 29 pupils. The major ity are larger and older than he, but he maintains a degree of discipline which many older and more experienced teachers may well envy. "How are you getting along, Glenn?" ask«d his mother one day, when he came Home at the end of a week's work. "I had to whip several of the boys," the young ster replied. It turned out that among others he had larruped an obstreperous youth that weighed ISO pounds. Glenn doesn't weigh much more than half that—Kansaa City Journal. ARE FIERCE FIGHTERS. The Kiiaaii in Whose Connfrjr th* Zionists Propose to Locate Are 'Hai!^ with A\eapon.n. In Africa there are many native war riors, but, as the accompanying pic ture shows, few are as picturesque as those of the Masai tribe, which has for many generations made its homo in British East Africa. To this tribe peculiar interest attaches just now, and for the reason that its members are scattered over that portion of the coun try which has been promised to the Zionist colony and which is known as A NASAI WARRIOR "The Promised Land." Though com paratively few in number, these Masai warriors are fearless and independent, and those who have studied them close ly say that they are becoming more and more opposed to the British on account of the high-handed manner in which they are parceling out the country, which they rightly or wrongly regard as their own property. However this may be, it is certain that these stalwart fighting men are well worthy of study, a fact of which ethnologists have recently be come aware. AWFUL SWEAT BATHS. s- ''s Native Boys of Alnskn Have a Hard Time When They Take Their Weekly Ablution. gii? Boys who make a fuss because their parents oblige them to take lrequent baths should be glad that they are not Eskimo children living on the shores of Norton sound. In that cold regiop of Alaska all the boys are obliged to take a sweat bath every week, and this i"S bath is no joke. Afire of driftwood is. built in the center of the floor of the kashim—tue one-roomed house where the men and boys of a village pass most ot their "*,! time—and when the smoke has passed off and the wood is reduced to red, fsKji glowing coals, a cover is put over the smoke-hole in the roof and the place $ becomes intensely hot. &s<|| The boys then must take off their clothes and sit about the furnace-like apartment until their skin becomes a»|^H red as the shell of a boiled lobster and seems on the point of blistering. Owing to the intense heat the bath- f. S er» are obliged to wear respirators to protect their lungs. These respirators are pads of shavings bound together. concave on the inside and convex on r"'^i the outside, and large enough to cover I the mouth, nose and part of the cheeks of the wearer. Across the inside runs a little wooden bar, which is held in the teeth to keep the respirators in place. The boys sit there until they are drip ping with perspiration. Then they rush outside into the intense cold and roll in the snow. E. W. Nelson, wno spent between four and five years in investigating for the' government the Eskimos living about Behring strait, says: "On several oc casions I saw them go from the sweat bath to holes in the ice on a neighbor ing stream, and squatting there, pour ice water over their backs and shoul ders with a wooden dipper, apparent ly experiencing the greatest pleasure from the operation." Although the Eskimo boys seem to withstand such a bath as this all right and even to enjoy it, it would, in all probability, kill any white boy who tried it.—Chicago Irter Ocean. JOHNNY'S LATEST ESSAY. /,'§ Subject Is the Hog:, and the Knonrl. edge He Displays Still I.eaves ,Vja. Illiu Star Scholar. The hog is called a hog b'cuz he makes a hog of himself. It runs in the family. All hogs are hogs. The hog has two sides to his charac ter, one of which is good to eat and the other we can't so cordjully admire. Aa an article of diet the hog is one of the warmest friends to the human race that I know of. Most of him is good for food and the rest is useful in making sausages, bristle brushes and other utensils. Nearly everything about him is palatable but his voice. The latter always seems to me to sound as if Ifc had kind o' soured, can't make t£iJ§ It is said that you a silk purse out of a lady hog's ear. I have never heard of any $ fool big enough to try it. As a citizen the hog is not so warm. His manners and instincts are gross io. the extreme, and his sole ambition 'pears to be to eat from early morn till far into the night. When a man is dead he becomes the late Mr. So-and-So, and we say nice things about him. When a hog is dead he is pork, and pa often says: "Confound this pork!" When I eat too much pa calls me a pig. A pig is a hog's little boy. This is all I know about *h*. h0=- How llaces Are Timed. ,/?$ In timing a racing man, the watcA ia started at the crack cf the pistol, st^ •topped when the runner breasts tape. When three watches are held ou & race, it is the custom to take the .• age time.