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Xhe Body of James Smithson Is at Rest in Washington. THE INSTITUTION HE FOUNDED %,3 I*«t Important Center of Scientific tteaearch in This Country—Re tlliement of Secretary Hoot— National Capitol Gossip. Washington.—James Smithson, the English founder of the Smithsonian in it saw the United ''James Smithson States while he was living and it ia fit ting that his body should be brought here now 75 years after his death to rest for all time in the shadows of the institution which as his real monument. Smithson was the natural son of James Smithson, the first duke of .'Northumberland, and it was not until after his father's death that lie assumed bis father's family name. Up till that •time he had gone by his mother's name and was known as James Lewis Macie. He had an ample fortune which, he de voted to scientific research. He was •graduated at Oxford and then spent the •rest of his life traveling on the continent •engaged in scientific observations. Wherever he went he carried with him portable laboratory and a large col lection of gems and minerals. He was a member of the Royal Society •of England and of the French Institute. He died in Genoa in 1829 at the age of 65, :and left his entire fortune of ?600,000 •to a nephew, with the proviso in this will that if the nephew should die with out heirs the entire property should be "left to the United States for the pur .pose of founding an institution at Wash -$ngton to be called the Smithsonian In stitution for the increase and diffusion »of knowledge among men." The nephew died in 1835, and the prop erty, amounting then to ?50S,318.4G, came Into possession of the United States gov ernment,. resulting in the establishment -of the Smithsonian Institution in 1846. Smithson's body has rested ever since Siis death in the cemetery at Genoa, and Jtere it mighthave remained indefinitely bad it not been for Alexander Graham Sell, who started a movement to have the body brought to the United States. He enlisted the support of Secretary Moody and other officers of the adminis tration, with the result that atter the arrival of the body at New York it was brought to Washington on the steamer Dolphin, thus giving to the transaction tie official flavor which it deserved. The Smithsonian IiiHtltiitlon. It-may be doubted whether Smithson Siad any conception when he put the al ecrnative provision in his will to what extent his bequest would grow, end the far-reaching re suits it would have. His original be quest has multiplied like a grain of mus tard seed. Under the direction of the of S it so an government in the £a*t half century lias expended millions of dollars in sci entific research, and some cl the most eminent scientists in the world have been in its employ. Last year th •. amount appropriated lor the support of the institution was $678,400, a sum sur passing the entire original becuest. Tins year estimates have been laid before aongress calling for an appropriation of nearly $900,000. The institution has become the most Important center ot scientific activity in isjsfchc United States, and there is nothing $«4anywhere else in the world that sur tWspaases it. The original institution build .Wfivfng—one of the most beautiful structures ft:, .architecturally in the United States—is w©*the nucleus for a greaj. and constantly ^'.texpanding system. The ethnological m.\i: bureau costs $50,000 a year. The govcrn f-:?aieiit is at an expense of nearly halt a '^million dollars a year to sustain the '^national museum. The zoological cpark on the outskirts of the city, con staining one of the finest collections ol vanimals in tne world, costs $100,000 a #ia»year to maintain. Smithson gave his money to a coun- try which seemed to him to be poor and struggling simply because he was enam Mfc&ored of the principles upon which the re IfeigMiblic was founded. His body will rest •pfc'iwider the shadow of the institution which bears liis name, in the midst ot A?.- ooe of the most beautiful cities in the :%^*rorld and one of the wealthiest. ,• Retirement of Hoot. Secretary Root retires to private life ... the first of February more generally regretted than any official of the gov ernment who has left its service in a generation. There is hardly another instance of a man coming to Wash ington ara tively unknown ex cept for a local rep utation who lias won for himself so high a place in so short a time. The Misa Root. nearest approach to it in rcccnt years it •Olney, who came into Cleveland's cabi net with no national reputation at all •and who was regarded simply as a suc cessful corporation lawyer of Boston, ftifiked up by Cleveland for som? particu- lar reason of his own. Olney became the strong man of the Cleveland admin istration, both as attorney general and as secretary of state. Root came here with more of a reputa tion than Olney, because he had played on the larger stage of New York life and had been more or less conspicuous in local politics in a somewhat academic way. Few realized that he had in him the stern stuff he has developed. Even before his retirement he was recognized as one of the two greatest secretaries ot war in the history of the government, and there are some who believe that if he had been confronted with the momen tous problems Stanton had to solve he would have shown qualities superior even to those of Lincoln's great war secre tary. There is no doubt that Root's experi ence in Washington has broadened him and ripened him as he has risen to meet each new emergency. He knows more about men than he did, and is less char acteristically the corporation lawyer than he was. He will go back to New York to take unchallenged his place at the head of the New York bar, a dis tinction which he seems to prize more than any other that can come to him. Root's Successor. Gov. Taft, who will succeed him at the head of the war department, is a man of perhaps equal ability, but of ail altogether different temper. He is younger for one thing, and he is personally more ot the hail iellow well met. Taft was so licitor general in Harrison's adminis tration and he was then one of the most popular offi cials in Washing ton. He is remem- Secieiarj Taft. bered even now for his genial qualities, as well as for his official success. He is a big fellow physically, with a face not altogether unlike that of Cleveland. Taft has great courage, as Root has, but it may be that he will be more in clined to listen to argument than Root, and there may not be the up and down determination which has characterized the proceedings of the war department during the past four years. Root has been the trusted adviser of two presidents of opposite tempera ments—McKinley and Roosevelt. It ia hard to say which leaned, on him most, and it is certain he has been intensely loyal to both. Taft at the beginning can lvardly hope to fill Root's place in that regard, wnatever may come later. ••-•A CnrrtiiKC Qnc«tion. The burning question as to whether or not assistant secretaries and chief clerltg of departments shall have car riages at the gov ernment expense has been agitating the bosoms of the house of represen tatives. No The Smithsonian Institution. George II. Wil liams, former attor ney general of the United States dur irg Grant's at'min istration, and still a man ot tonse 1'rce Car quence Oregon, must chuckle to him self if he ever reads the Washington dis patches. Vi llliams, one ol the ablest men in Grant's cabinet, and nominated by Grant to be chief justice of the su preme court, was lampooned irom one end of the country to the other tne democratic press and gained tne nick name ol Lancauict" because Mrs. W il liams trove about in a handsomely up holstered lanuaulet iurmshed by the government when she made her social calls. For some reason that was regard ed as reprehensible :n those days, eve though Williams wis a member ot tlio cabinet. But now, 30 years later, the carriage habit has become so lixed that very little excitemnut is created outside ot congress when the question arises as to the advisability ol allowing the privi lege to chiet clerks in the uepartments. The house of representatives very properly voted that no part ot the ap propriations sl'ould be used for carriages unless t.lie» were specially provided in the legisla ivc bill, and tor a time that will do away with carriages except lor members of the cabinet and two or three others but, as a matter ot fact, the car riages in very many instances are really a necessity, and they will gradually creep back one by one through legiti mate channels. There is not a government official in Washington below the cabinet ranic who can afford to keep a carriage on his salary. LOUIS A. COOL1DGE. Lucky Stngrc I'rlfillt. One of the most striking anecdotes told in Hermann Klein's "Thirty Years of Musical Lite in London," relates to Anton Seidl's first interview with Wag ner, in the library at Wahnfried. Seidl found the room dark and, imagining nobody was there, lie pulled out his letter of introduction and began silent ly rehearsing the speech he had pre pared. Suddenly, from out of a gloomy corner, Wagner appeared, and Seidl was so nervous that he could not bring out a sentence of his speech. This proved to be his salvation, for Wagner, declaring, "11 you can work as well as you can nokl your tongue, you will do," engaged him on the spot. SuiTffis of K!MftrocuHo«. Attorney General Cunnen, of New York, has received a communication from a man in Michigan, who inquires whether electrocution is an effective punishment lor the crime of murder, The attorney general iu reply stated that so tar as he is awaru no man who has suffered tnat punishment ever again committed murder or iny »thei crime. ABRAHAM LINCOLN A TRIBUTE: By HON. C. W. RAYMOND Jadge United States District Court for Indian Tei» ritory. Late Vice-Prcsideivt Illinois Bar Association. In all the years of civilization his name will be a beacon to lovers of lib erty and government by the people. He believed in law, and license to do wrong was chief among his hates. He believed in liberty, and gave a life in proof of his belief. He believed in justice, and strict constructionists were ever making ac' cusation because he leaned too much to mercy's side. If precedent stood in the way of right he pushed it from his thought and signed a bill of rights giving liberty to black as well as white. His heart was kind to his fellow men. Forgiveness was the motto of his daily life. Charity was the prayer which led the business duties of the day—and love as wide as earth gave tone to all his deeds. He played no game hurtful to moral life. He signed no law not sanctioned by honest thought. He made no speech which after years did -not applaud and praise. He did no act which brought the blush of shame to face of friend or foe. He did what none have yet accomplished—fought a civil war of fright ful magnitude and forced the vanquished by sheer love and charity to gather at hrs bier and tomb and there she.l tears over the silent heart they had helped to break. To the Great West the ideal man in politics is the great war president. "Lincoln is the typical American. He worshiped at the shrine of liberty. His Book was conscience. His creed was justice. His text was truth. His speech was honor. His prayer was for the pub lic good. His music was the Battle Hymn of the Republic, and from his benediction the sweet incense of charity perfumes the century and the world. God was his ministering angel and he a willing sub ject. Like the great Moses of Israel, from the top of fame's lofty mount he was permitted by the Almighty to view the promised land and Era of peace, but not permitted to enjoy the fruits of his great labor and wisdom. He left us to finish the journey alone, an. id cheers for the return of peace, amid universal sorrow tor the departure of his great spirit. His life is the marvel of a marvelous century. Born in a cabin as lowly as the Saviour of man, he saved a nation. Reared in obscurity, the light of his noble deeds shines in every corner ot our world. Surrounded by bitter poverty, "ie passed on life's highway every favored man of the century. Passijig his youth among the ignorant and lowly, he achieved, a dis tinction, the just pride of the Anglo Saxon race. Coming to manhood with few ot the graces of education he led easily the most gifted of his countrymen. As a river boatman he touched elbows with the meekest of the Republic. As a merchant he earLfcd the title of "Honest Abe." As a lawyer he ran tad with the leaders of a bar noted for its dignity and learning. As a politician he leaves to posterity a rich legacy of consistency and fair dealing. As a legislator in Ilhnos he laid the foundation of an endless fame. S As a member of congress honor and character gave prophecy of future lovalty and integity. As a private citizen he was the political leader of his state. His first inaugural address is now a part of the world's choice literature and stands side by side with the Declaration of Independence. His speech at Gettysburg will live as long as the oration of Demosthenes on the crown. His second inaugural should find place in the text books of our schools and colleges and be read with Washington's farewell address to the American people. His humanity will ever keep his liame in the list of the world's heroes. Ten thousand years may come and go, but the fame and face of Abra ham Lincoln will stand out in history then as clearly defined an.l noble as it does to-day. Stand as securely fixed in manly politics as Shakespeare stands in litera ture. Stand as heroic rn the nudst of times full of conflict as Alexander or Caesar stand war. Stand as steadfast and true in lessons of patriotism as shine the names of Kossuth and Washington. Stand in deeds of nor.or and valor as imperishable as Cromwell or Columbus. Stand as strong in statecraft as stand Pitt and V, ebster. Stand as noble character and performance of duty as live Luther and the Martyrs. Stand as a doer of imperishable deeds as stand the names cf Wellington and Bismarck. He was a genius without allow Slis Iteply to Committee. Lincoln day this year brought out several characteristic stories ot the martyred president, some ot which may be new, all of Which are good. One relates to that extreme, correct ively critical attitude which Secretary Seward always maintained toward the president. Mr. Lincoln and the secretary had managed to escape from a man who had been boring them, and, as Un reached the house, the president threw himself into an armchair, and exclaimed: "I3y jingo, governor, we are here!" Mr. Seward replied by asking, a reproving tone: Mr. President, where did you learn that inelegant expression?" Mr. Lincoln immediately turned to several young men who had entered the room in time to hear the exclama tion, and said: foung gentlemen, excuse me for sfi-' Iring before you. 'By jingo' is swearing for my good old mother tauglii me that anything that had a 'oy' before it is swearing. 1 won't do so any more." LINCOLN'S SHREWD ADVICE. lie Dlsplnycd the W ixiloin of Solomon in bottling (tdarrei lie I ct-n Neinil bor*. Abraham Lincoln, the lawyer, was one day confronted by a complaint against the trespassing chickens of an indifferent, neighbor. Because ol ihe lnendly relations existing between the I two families, the client did not lavor a lawsuit lulling the chickens might cause a loud, and a higher tence would be an insult. "A hopeless case," said Lincoln: "you are taking the remedies from nie. However, come back tomorrow." The next day Lincoln learned from A patriot without pride cl self. A true American whose life and conduct should b? example lor us all. In God's great gallery he is nature's master piece. WHY LINCOLN QUIT BY JINGO. his client that he had two children, and his offending neighbor tliree. (ircni 'War I'rexiiiciii Ad sis it Jus- "Go home," said the lawyer, after »t sern'tar)1 si'wani'* iiriirouf grave reflections, "boil a dozen eggn hard, and color them alter the manner ot Easter eggs. Alter each visit from your neighbor's chickens place one ot the eggs in the yard. Your chil dren will find them, and when they question you, credit the eggs to the offending towls." A few weeks later the client entered Lincoln's office and said in explana tion "When my little ones learned the source ol those colored eggs, they were wild with glee, and with them tanta lized their little neighbors. -"Then the neighbor's children tried to keep the chickens at home, and my little ones tempted them away. After each visit there was a colored egg, and sometimes two. "Those children worried themselves sick, and made their parents frantic. This morning a load ot palings and barb wire arrived at. my neighbor's." "I thought the plan would work," said Lincoln. I,i.hoolit'm lluy Crop. A story of Abraham Lincoln would have to be older than the one "oelow to lose its characteristic savor In the summer ot 1857 Mr. Lincoln was sitting in lus ofhee, when he' was visited by one of his neighbors, an excellent farmer, but. one inclined to increase the size ot his crops, even after harvesting. He had given iin this particular morning a skillfully padded account, ol the hay he had put in. "I've been cutting hay, too," re marked Air. Lincoln. "\vhy, Abe, are you larming?" "Yes." "What von raise?" "Just hay." "Good crop this year?" "Excellent." "Mow many tons?" "Well, I don't know lust: how many tons, Simpson, but my men stacked all they could outdoors, and then storvt' the rest in tlio barn." THE LITTLE HEART. A little Heart hid a thought ot spfte Deep in its innocent white away And It whispered when tt knelt to pray: "Nobody knows, for it's hid from sight." But the little Heart was wldft av*ke, And the silence spoke to It and said: "O dear little Heart, the thought is red. Like a danger sign tor saftty's sake." The little Heart heard, but heeded not And it nursed tile thought, and kept It warm- Safe from the tempest of inward storm— And thought: "In the morn 'twill Oe lor got.'r But the blue sky wept: the sun was sad And the roses hune'Taeix Jaint heads, Dropping tears on the viotet beds And the little Heart was tar from glad. So the ugly thought was thrown away. And a lovely one came In its place Then smilc-s arose In ea-ch flower face— The sun came out, and the Heart was gay. —Etta Wallace Miller, in Youths Com panion. CARLO, THE DOG HERO. Broke Away from Tramp Who Had Molcii Him and Saved Hi» Mau ler from Drowning* Carlo was Frank McMillan's dog, and a fine specimen of the canine lie was. Mr. McMillan had brought him from Scotland. He was a Scotch collie, and was only a few months old when he landed in America. Carlo was a favorite with the whole family, especially with the two boys, William and George, who had not yet reached their 'teens. They delighted to speak of Carlo as "a gift from Uncle George, of old Scot land." The pup was strong and healthy, and soon developed into a large, muscular dog. His intelligence seemed to be above that of the average. No pains were spared to teach him, and as a result his training almost equaled that of a performing dog. Mr. McMillan lived near a river, and' the boys' great est delight was to throw sticks and other small objects that would float into the water, and liave the dog swim in and bring them to the shore. When Carlo was about two years old these boys went to visit their Uncle Harry, who lived about 30 miles dis tant. When on the point of starting they each extended a hand to Carlo, and he in return extended his paw to "shake" as intelligently as a human being would have done. The boys charged their parents to "keep him company" while they were gone. Now it was midsummer, and as Mr. Raymond had a son between the ages ot William and George, they spent a great deal of their time in outdoor sports. The nver was only a few hun- v^-/, CARLO, WHO SAVED IliS ilASTlCli. died yards away from the house, and the boys had a boat in which tlicy took a row each day. One day, while they were out rowing, George's hat dropped into the water, and in frying to reach it he lost his balance and was precipi tated into the stream. I-Ie could r.ot swim, and the other boys set up a great cry for help, but were so excited that they could do nothing themselves. George soon disappeared beneath the water, but as the stream was of no great depth at thatpoir.t he almost in stantly reappeared at the surlace. Then the two boys in the boat saw some thing resembling a dog seize their drowning companion by the collar of the coat, so as to keep his head above the water, and make for the shore, which he soon gained, never relaxing his hold on the boy till he had him safely on terra firma. Then he bound ed a few feet away ar.d vigorously shook himself. It was Carlo! George was badly scared and some what the worse for being strangled, but he soon recovered. The other boys hastily rowed to the shore. In their joy to see Carlo, William and George almost forgot their adventure. Carlo was a hero, but they could not unravel the mystery surrounding his appear ance upon the scene. He had a leather F'.rap around his neck, as if he had been led by it. They went to the house and related their adventure. Mr. Raymond told them that he had seen a tramp passing by an hour or two before, leading the dog, and going in the direction of flie river. Then they believed that he had been stolen, and this belief was con firmed next day, when they had a letter from their father, saying that Carlo was missing, and ihat a tramp had been seen a few miles away with a dog an swering his description. What if the tram]) had not stolen Carlo!—F. M. Bev erly, in Oran?,e Judd Farmer. here ltrides Are ISoiiKlit. A wedding engagement in Turkestan begins with the payment of a substan tial consideration to the girl's parents. If the girl jilts her lover, the engage ment gift has to be returned, unless the parents have another daughter to give as a substitute. BRANDING THE THUMB. How Malefactors Were Ilrandcd li 4£nsland for Committing Minor Offenses. Those "good old days." How simple and direct were their methods in all things relating to the preservation of the social system, especially that part relating to the punitive, some hundred years or more ago! If you don't believe it, look at the picture of the holdfast with a hand in position that secured a malefactor condemned to have the for ever disgracing "M" brand on hfs thumb, and near it bangs the terrible branding Instrument. These articles are to be HAND IN HOLDFAST. seen to this day hanging in the dock of :o the crown court at Lancaster castle, in England. The prisoner's left hand was thrust into the holdfast and there locked, while the jailer seized the red-hot iron and pressed it with might and main on 'c the malefactor's thumb, thus marking him for life, and preventing honest men from giving him employment on his re lease. Prisoners appearing in this court were invariably compelled to hold up their left hands, in order that the jury might see whether there was a previous con viction against them." It is 100 years ago since this barbarous punishment with the branding iron was meted out in Lancaster castle.—N. Y. Herald. A CITY OF PIGEONS. Constantinople Is tlie Home of In numerable i'locks of Gray W liitc. Birds of This Spvcies. Constantinople is sometimes called the City of Dogs, but it might be called as well the City of Pigeons, for the« pretty gray white birds are there in in numerable flocks. They are protected and fed by the Turks, who hold them and the spider in great veneration. The reason they give is this: When Mohamet, the great prophet, was fleeing to Mecca he found one day that his enemies were in close pursuit, so he hid in a cavern on the road to Medina. After he got in a pair of doves immediately built their nests and laid two eggs at the mouth of the: cave and a spider flung his web across it. When the pursuers came along they stopped, but seeing the nest, with the eggs and the spider's web, they said: "No human being has been here," and on they went. This accounts for thi» Turks' veneration for the dove and ten derness for the spider, which tliey never? kill. These doves have a great kindness, for the morques, wh-re tliry form great garlands of black and white along thee cornices ar.d about the platforms of the inare1s. One reason for this may be that in the courtyards of the mosques there are always fountains and trees,: while the imams, or priests, keep a hag of corn or millet reed on h».nd to fted: them. Many of the sultars, as well as. private indi''idi'?lp, h?vo left n'or^v in tlieir wills for the maintenance of Ihcte holy birds. One mosque in particular, built by Sultan Bayezid II.. is generally called "Pmcon Mosque." or. account of the specially large number of birds that make their homes there. The tradition about this is that when the mosque was building a poor widow wished to help. She had no money, hut she had a pair of pigeons, so she gave these, (he best S she had. The sultan was so pleased with the gift that he decreed that no ono should disturb the birds and their de scendants. and so they have increased and multiplied beyond calculation.:# These piseons know a stranger, and as soon as they see one enter the court yard down they come, a feathered whirlwind, with a sound like the roar of a cataract, ready for the corn which they have learned to expect. A Turkish imam stands under the archway with a basket of corn, which he sells to the visitor for a few cents, just as the chil dren here buy peanuts to feed the ani mals at the circus or zoo. At the mosque of Eyoub, which the Turks consider too sacred for Chris tians to enter, there is in the courtyard th3 fountain called ""Pigeon fountain. Close to the fountain is a beautiful plane tree, which is something like our buttonball, and when it is a hot day the pigeons leave Ihe roofs and minarets and settle under the thick leaves of the tree until it looks as though there were more pigeons than leaves. An old, gray woman is employed to feed these birds. —Milwaukee Sentinel Monkeys Cnudfht by Strataeem. Ring-tail monkeys, one of the most valuable and expensive of the smaller animals, are caught in an interest ing way. A cocoanut is split in two and a banana with a piece cf wood running through it placed lengthwise through the nut, the two halves of which are drawn together by wires. Then a hole is cul large enough for the monkey's paw to enter. The mon key spies the tempting nut from nls tree, lie hops down, looks it over, sees the hole and smells the banana inside. He is fond of: bananas. Put ting his paw \n, lie grasps it, but the wood preven'rs it from coming out. Then the catchers appear and the mon key runs for a tree. Put he cannot climb because of the cocoanut on Ilia paw, and he will not 1st go of that, so he is captured, pawing wildly at tht tree trunk.