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1 I 3 *1 I- i- l3 .'• w/ 4 -f«I ilit li JH t" 7 1 WASHINGTON EOSSIP Df AND OUT OF CONGRESS AT THE NATIONAL CAPITOL. IMPEACHMENT PROCEDURE Precedents That Have Established Bules for Proceedings—No Work for Rules Committee of ysv« the House. sKf fe&est Washington.—For the first time in 28 years a case of impeachment is to be tried by the li United States sen ate sitting as a court of impeach ment The judi ciary committee of the house has voted to recom mend to the house the impeachment of Judge Charles Swayne, of the northern federal district of Florida, .and there is little doubt that the Judge Charles. Swayne. i- bouse will adopt the committee's re port. If this happens the house will present the case to the senate and then will follow a trial which may occupy the senate for weeks. The last case of impeachment was that of Secretary Belknap in the Grant administration. The house of repre sentatives in 1876 voted to impeach Belknap, but before the trial came to conclusion in the senate, Belknap re signed from his position as secretary of war and that was the end of it., al though a question arose as to whether the resignation of a government official -cbuld properly be accepted in such -circumstances. The most famous Impeachment case Is that of Andrew Johnson in the For tieth congress, the result of which ev erybody is supposed to know. John •son. was impeached by the house, but •after a long trial the senate failed to tconvict him, the vote standing 35 ayes •to 19 noes, one less than the two-thirds majority required by the constitution. The first impeachment case was that •of William Blount, United States sena tor from Tennessee. He was impeached for violating the neutrality laws of the United States in instigating the Cre'eks and Cherokees to aid the British in conquering the Spanish territory of western Florida. He was found guilty lind expelled on July 8,1797, but during the trial he was elected to the state tenate of Tennessee and chosen lis president. All other impeachment cases have affected federal judges, as follows: John Pieckering, district judge of New Hampshire, 1803-04 Samuel Chase, as sociate justice of the supreme court of -the United States, 1804-05 James Peck, United States district judge for Mis souri, 1826-1831 West W. Humphreys, United States district judge, for Mis souri, 1861. Impeachment Procedure, Etc. In trying Judge Swayne the senate •vill have to go back a long way for a precedent, al though several members of that body are familiar with the procedure against Secretary Belknap through the fact that they •were in one or the other branches of •congress at the time. Teller of Colorado, Allison of Iowa, Cockrell of Missouri, and Mitchell Of Oregon Announcing tun Im .? pcachment. were even then senators. Blackburn of Kentucky, Hale and Frye of Maine, Money of Mis sissippi, Hoar of Massachusetts and Piatt of New York were members of the house. Speaker Cannon is lift only member of the house of representatives whose service dates back so far as the Belknap trial. Senator Hoar, now chairman of the judiciary committee, was one of the managers on the part of the house. Should the case come before the sen ate great interest will be taken in the proceedings on account of their novel ty, if for no other reason. After the action by the house a committee, ap pointed by the house, will proceed to the bar of the senate and there im peach Judge Swayne of high crimes and misdemeanors while in office and inform the senate that formal articles •of impeachment will be presented. This •committee will be announced by the sergeant at arms, will proceed to the •area in front of the desk of the presi dent of the senate, will make its an nouncement and will demand that the ^senate take order for the appearance «of Judge Swayne to answer the im peachment. The senate will appoint a committee, to which the message of the house will be referred. The house will appoint managers to conduct for It the impeachment proceedings and these managers will proceed to the senate where, after taking seats as signed, one of them will read the arti cles of impeachment. The president of the senate will then dismiss them, will set a day for a trial and will give due notice to the managers. On the day set for trial the chief justice of the supreme court will be brought into the senate by a commit tee appointed for the purpose and will there administer, to the senators an •oath that they will do impartial jus "«i according to the laws. The house be formally notified that the :d for the trial and •"-•ill be admitted. the bar £Fy m* of the senate and will answer." to the articles of impeachment by counsel, after wliicli the trial will proceed as in other trials with arguments by coun sel and testimony of witnesses.- At the conclusion of the trial each senator will answer guilty or not guilty as the case may be. •-Y Rules in the House. Under Speaker Cannon there Is a marked change in the personnel of the managers of the republican majori ty in the house. As for the committee on rules it has had very little to do during the present session. It has hardly been necessary to bring in a special order for the pur pose of putting through any measure of importance, and without special or ders the committee on rules becomes a somewhat superfluous body. Misplacing a Building. Secretary Wilson, of the department of agriculture, is probably the best secretary of agri culture in the not very long list, but there are a great many people in Washington who think that as an architect and land scape gardener he is a dismal failure. The last con gress made an ap a of about three mil lion dollars for a new building to be used by the agri- Looking for a Build- cultural depart \l N'. The committee on rules has fallen into innocuous des uetude in striding contrast to its au tocratic perform ances under the administrations of Speakers .Reed Crisp and Hender son. The committee on rules assumed Speaker Cannon its great importance first under Speak er Reed with the adoption of the new rules of the house, under which all the most important legislation was enacted under special orders adopted by the committee, of course with the speaker's approval. Under Reed the rules com mittee was kept busy all the time. In the Fifty-first congress Cannon and McKinley were the majority members of it. When Reed came back to the speak ership he had with him Henderson and Dalzell. Under Henderson the other republicans on the committee were Dalzell and Grosvinor, and they are now Cannon's associates, but it is no ticeable that these two members who, with HendersonJ were regarded as the whole thing are not seen in the speak er's room now nearly as often as some of the younger members of the house who, under the old regime, were not highly regarded by the powers in con trol. Speaker Cannon is getting to lean more and more upon Hemenway of In diana and Tawney of Minnesota, one of whom, now chairman of the appropria tion committee, was in the last con gress of importance only as Cannon's lieutenant, and the other of whom was regarded as a "kicker" altogether out of favor with the men in control. For that matter. Cannon himself was out side the breastworks and nothing but his powerful individuality and his po sition as chairman of the appropria tions committee, which could not bo well taken away from him, gave him a position of standing and influence in the house. ing Site. ment. It was provided that it should be situated in the Mall near the pres ent department and the selection of the site has been left with the secre tary of agriculture, who has caused a sensation by picking out a place which will cut off a large portion of the vista between the Washington monument and the capitol that has been one of the greatest beauties of Washington for a hundred years. If congress could get at the thing it would pass a law, with little or no opposition, which would prevent the location of the new building in the place selected by the secretary and would compel it to be moved back a hundred feet or so, thus saving an architectural blunder which could never be remedied. But Speaker Cannon refuses to let any bill of this kind come up in the house and Repre sentative Powers, who has introduced the bill, finds himseif helpless. So do the senators who are deeply interested in the matter. "Uncle Joe" has an aversion for ar chitects and all their works. He is es pecially out-of-sorts with the scheme of the so-called park commission, which would fix permanently the archi tectural development of the city along the lines of L'enfant, the French genius who first laid out the map of the cap ital. He is filled with indignation whenever he thinks of the work of Architect McKim, which has made the white house a thing of beauty, and he is determined that so long as he has anything to say about it the architects shall not be given any further leeway in the development of the city. "Uncle Joe" is in a decided minority numerically, in this position, but it happens to be about the only one in which the great majority of congress does not gladly follow his lead, so that he is likely to have his own way about it so long a£ he remains at the head of the house. In the meantime Secretary Wilson will doubtless go ahead with his plan and will erect on the Mall a magnifi cent public building, which will de stroy for iill time one of the most ex traordinary attractions of the capita] from an artistic point of view. if LOUIS A CO&MDQB -i &, Pbeen A ,. V'' W", 1 l* .. V1! ".*-•} 4 Spring Ma.teria.ls and Modes DESIGNS FOR A HOUSE GOWN AND VISITING TOILETTES. The house gown Is of souple taffetas corsage finished with lace and soft ribbon bows. The visiting toilette Is of Light colored cloth, trimmed with silkgalon, sleeve# open to show lace and finished with buttcM, ASHIONS in late spring ma terials are more or less pro nounced, and for the useful frock, after the generalities of cloth and serge have exhausted, I should say that canvas, hopsacks and rather hard makes of alpaca will be used. These harsh materials form a direct contrast to the clinging crepon de soie, and crepe de chene which are more than ever to the fore for recep-^ tion frocks and afternoon toilettes. Coarse alpacas and rough canvasses are excellent for hard wear, and voile, too, of a substantial make will be used for the new kind of plaiting, kilting, etc. Canvasses bid fair to take the place of the regulation serges, and they really are admirable for the bolero and skirts for every day wear. I think they are better when made up into the full, plaited skirts than 'when used plain, for here they show directly any pulling or rubbing. But closely kilted or plaited with a bolero style of coat to match, and worn with a neat shirt, the canvas toilette becomes a feature of the spring. We must not forget the smartest of all the tailor confections are mostly in ivory, and champagne colored cloths, and gray—a rather dark, slate-gray— has its usual share of popularity for the Lenten season. Bright shades of electric and peri kinkle blue are giving place to the more subdued navy—always the best tone for the orthodox coat and skirt. Brown, navy blue and scarlet form the three shades for the Viennese tailor made, which is quite simply fashioned, and not worn with violently contrast ing colors, white being the only per missible mixture, with a touch of gold and silver. 1 will endeavor to describe a really smart brown tailor built costume, in rough surfaced cloth. The skirt was arranged in big plaits, about two inch es below the waist, and just eleared the ground all round. The little bo lero coat ended above the waist, show ing a blouse of finely accordion-plaited crepe de chine in a little brighter shade Then again we have the silk galon, the braids and the trimmings of the same date, the cutaway coats, the em broidered waistcoats, and beautiful old enamel buckles and buttons, not to speak of the directoire hat. rSai The waistcoat is brought into a sharp point in front, and so, indeed, are many evening bodices. A beautiful white and gold damask brocade was worn at a big evening re ception here quite recently. The skirt was laid in on the hips in big pleats, but was almost plain in front, finished with twisted cords to weight the skirt at the feet. The corsage was cut a la Louis XVI., th^t is to say, it finished plainly with a sharp point, swathed across on inner waistcoat of d'Alencon lace over cream accordion-plaited chif fon. One Bide of the corsage was bor dered with gold leaves, on the other of brown, and a belt of kid to match. This smart little bolero was edged with a flat brown silk braid with a few kiltings of taffeta, with a faint tracery of gold thread. The high collar of the shirt was fin ished with a hem-stitched cravat, and the bolero was tied with a brown crepe de chine, tied with knotted fringe ends. The smart little hat of the Breton shape was tilted over the eyes and was made entirely of two shades of brown straw, with clusters of green leaves and bows of straw at the back. I need not add that thai smartest brown boots and suede gloves of the same tone completed this ex tremely neat toilette. Quite delightful are the old-fash ioned embroideries which are used on queer taffeta trimmings in pastel shades. A very smart cloth frock palest pastel pink, arranged with a full plaited skirt, had a panel of old-fash ioned trimming up the center of the skirt and bodice, which also formed a yoke-piece over the shoulders. This embroidery was carried out in soft pastel pinks and blues, and was fur ther decorated with some quaint braid ings and shaded pink roses in a raised design. The neck and inner sleeves were finished with rows of Valen ciennes lace on finely plaited cream batiste. This particular toilette struck me as being an excellent example of the pastel cloth frock confined to subdued color ings. It is a mistake, which even well dressed women are apt to make, when adopting subdued tones, not to keep to them throughout the toilette. I dis like even the contrast of the generally becoming black hat. The best trimmings, except those of oriental make, used on the harsher stuffs, are of faint old-world, subdued and neutral tones. Some of them re semble the work seen in old samplers, but these, of course, are expensive and are only used on beautiful cloths or fabrics of silken texture. FASHION'S FANCIES IN GAY PARIS HE pointed Marie Antoinette bands have Weil gradually elongated until now the corsage itself is arranged with the long lines of thp deep point. The modes of the Louis XVI. period are visible in color as well as in design and fabric, and thus we see the vieux-rose, the strong blues and the pale yellows of that period. favorite waistcoat of the mo ment is composed of white kid or whitp suede, embroidered with beautiful golden galon, or worked with gold and silver, with tabs and loops. This, oi course, is worn with the Louis XVI. cutaway coat, which may be of silk or cloth, and a plain skirt gathered on the hips. One of the features of the late spring will be the embroidered blouse in vari ous fabrics, from very coarse linen to finest batiste. ELLEN OSMONDE. A SILK DINNER GOWN. In silver gray relieved with lace and pal« pink l'OBes. the lace fell softly. The sleeves, as fai as the elbow, were rather small, but were finished with voluminous frill? of the lace. A great deal of black Chantilly lacn is worn over foundations of white held in at the waist with a deep, poin ed band of satin. V\»T'.T fSTVt*' issw" v''if ""^S tffi J' 'BS?JS^SWSM^Sti Jf ""^t' tp^y '^1 fe ole A NURSERY WONDER. I have be.en a castle, And a balky horse I have been an engine (Puffing steam, of cours-e). I have been a fortress, And an army mule I have been a cradle, And a Sunday school ,1 have been a desert, And a spreading palm As a Bengal tiger I have caused alarm I have been a vessel Bound for foreign ports. But in spite of changes Of so many sorts Anyone can find! me In the evening where I was left at bedtime, ,jr Just a big old chair. —Elizabeth Gould in Youth's Companion. THE WHALEBONE WHALES. Their "Baleen" Is the Host Valuable Product Obtained by Arctic Sea Fishermen. Another group of whales have no teeth, but the mouth is provided with several hundred closely packed horny, flexible plates or slabs suspended from the roof of the mouth and hanging on each side like a curtain, so thai when the mouth is opened as wide as possible their end« are received within the lower jaw. These plates, which in some whales are nine or ten feet long, have pointed, frayed extremities, and are lined with long, stiff hair. This peculiar substance in the mouth of whales, which is called baleen, or whalebone, although it is not bone, is now the most valuable product which is yielded by these creatures and to obtain it thousands of men brave the dangers of the seas, of the Arctic ice, and of the chase, killing the whales by hurling har poons and shooting explosive bullets into them from a small boat. Among the various kinds of whalebone whales is the right whale, which reaches a length of 60 feet and yields 200 barrels of oil and 1,000 pounds of long, valuable baleen the humpback whale, which is sometimes 75 feet long, but has short MOUTH OF GREENLAND WHALE. (Showing Strainers, or Baleen, Which Furnish the Whalebone.) bone and little oil the finback and sul phur-bottom whales, of large size but comparatively little value and the bow head, Greenland, or polar whale. The ast is at home among the ice-fields, and is now the most sought of all the whales, on account of the excellent quality and large quantity of its baleen. The maximum length is Ga feet, and its bulk is immense the huge head represents a third of the length, and the tail islGto 20 feet across. The largest bow-lieads produce- several thousand pounds of bone worth five to six dollars a pound, and 0,000 or more gallons of oil worth 40 cents a gallon. In feeding, the balec-n whales crop the lower jaw and swim forward rapidly, and al! kinds of small (loafing animals —fish, shrimp, winged mollusks—pass into the yawning mouth. When the lower jaw is closed, the plates of baleen are forced upward and backward, the wat*r rushes through the sieve formed by the hairs, the food is lc-ft behind, and is swallowed by the aid of the tongue. Some of the baleen whales are said to attain a length of more than 100 feet, and there arc authentic records of examples measuring between 90 and 100 feet. The largest species of whale, and therefore the largest of all living animals and the largest creature that ever existed, so far as we know, is the sulphur-bottom whale of the Pacific coast. One of these was 95 feet long and 39 feet in circumference, and weighed by calculation nearly 300, 000 pounds. The sulphur-bottom whale is further distinguished by being the swiftest of all whales and one of the most difficult to approach it glides over thq surface with great rapidity, often dis playing its entire length and when it respires the immense volume of vapor which it throws up to a great height is evidence of its colossal proportions.-— St. Nicholas. Game Bird Won the Bay. A game cock and a bull terrier pup had a few rounds all to themselves on the side walks of New Haven recently. The bird was walking up and down in a stately manner, now and then inspecting an apple that lay on the sidewalk, when the pup spotted it. He looked the situation over carefully and drew near to the bird. Once or twice he circled about and then after having indulged in a round of look ing, jumped forward. The game cock met him fairly and, ruffing up his fc-ath trs, made a jab at the dog. The terrier re treated. Again he repeated his maneu vers, but the bird went up in the air afoot or two and landed on the dog, who re treated hastily. By this time the game bird was become quite excited anc ws rorcing the fight, while the pup seeme to frrefer to remain on the defensive. f. 'ki 0* & $ $ W i~ *'•. -i BEEP, PET OF THE NAVY. was over and all was still again. While the Alliance was in the China seas Beep's master received his discharge, but as the crew had become greatly attached to the dog he left her behind with his mess mates when he returned to America. She was, however, a dog of deep affec tions, and pined for him so much that she sickened and died while the ship was at Nagasaki, to the great grief of all on board. Owing to her 20 years in the navy it was decided to bury her with all the honors accorded to a dead comrade, so the tiny body was borne to a grave in the public gardens by a guard of sailors and marinesand buried to the mournful nofes of the dead march. A volley was fired over the grave and taps were sounded by the ship's bugler.—N. Y. Herald. SURPRISED WIDOW BROWN. True Story of How Some Boys Had Beal Fun Which Made Several Persons Happy. "Now, boys, I will tell you how we can have some fun," said Frank to hia playmates, who had come together one bright moonlight evening for sliding and snowballing. "What is it?" asked several at once. "You will see," said Frank. "Who has a wood saw?" 'I have." "So have I," replied three of the boys. "Get them, then, and you and Fred and Tom each bet an ax, and I will get a shovel. Let's be back in ten min utes." The boys all started to go on their several errands, each wondering o£ what use wood-saws and axes and shovels could be in play. But Frank was much liked by all the boys and they fully believed in what he said, and they were soon together again. "Now," said he, "Widow Brown, who lives in that little house over there, has gone to sit up all night with a sick child. "A man brought her some wood to day, aud I heard her tell liiui that, un less she got someone to saw it to night, she would not have anything to make a fire with in the morning. "Now we could saw and split that pile of wood just as easily as we could make a snow-man on her doorstep, and when she comes home she will be greatly surprised." One or two of the boys said they did not care to go, but most of them thought it would be fine fun. It was not a long and tiresome job for seven strong and healthy boys tc saw, split and pile up the widow's half cord of wood and to shovel a good path. When they had done this, so great was their pleasure that one of them, who had at first said he would not go, proposed that they should go to a car penter shop near by, where plenty of shavings could be had, and that each should bring an armful. They all agreed to this, and when they had brought the shavings, they went to their several homes, more than pleased with the fun of the even ing. The next morning, when the tired widow returned from watching by tha sick bed nad saw what was done, she was Indeed surprised, and wondered who could have been so kind. Afterward, when a friend told hep how it. was done, her earnest prayer, "God bless the boys!" was enough of itself to make them happy.—Our Dumb Animals. Monkey Acts as Shepherd. An African shepherd, living in a hut on the African veldt, once caught a monkey when he was out with his flock, and took it home with him. He took care of it and fed it, and the monkey used to go out with the shepherd every day, until at last it'got to know the goats so well that it could be trusted to take care of them all alone. So when the shepherd did not want to go out the monkey could remain with the fioclc all day, and then drive home to the kraal at night, riding on the back of one of the goats. 1ft, Travels of a Reindeer. A reindeer in Finland costs only abc ut $7.20. One of these animals recfln'ly traveled 120 miles in a day. S. p'tifXw r/^ *c (i- J* i* y- %u *vTi S 'i A tAr BURIED WITH ALL HONORS. Beep, Canine Naval Veteran, Had a Record of Which Any Dog: Might Be Proud. Many an old man-o'-warsman remem bers' Beep, of the Ossipee and the Alli ance, the intelligent black poodle who passed her long life at sea cruising around the West Indies and voyaging to China and Japan with her master. Beep was a good sailor, but she had a truly feminine horror of guns, and when she observed preparations being made for target practice or a salute, she re tired to the dark recesses of the store room, to remain there until the firing 'i i' I 4'% "-V I '"Vk" -i. a Cl sip ,A ilsfi fy. wf' -*tw 1 w- T-I.