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The Denison review. [volume] (Denison, Iowa) 1867-current, May 25, 1904, Image 12

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WASHINGTON LEnER
1
INTEBESTING GOSSIP FROM THE
NATIONAL CAPITOL.
5REAT POWER OF COCKRAN
le Is a Giant Among Orators—Moved
All Members of the House—
_"j The Leadership of
Allison. ,t
Washington.—The closing days ol
soogress developed the fact that ora
tory is not dead in
'lion. Bourke
ran.
1
i.
I
I
the house of rep
re at iv a
that under proper
ad a
body may be ex
pected to assume
on
proud position it
formerly held in
the scheme of gov
ernment. It was
shown that given
Cock- the men and the
occasion the floor
of the house may well become the
arena for dramatic scenes equal in in
tensity and interest to any of the great
days which once made the popular
tMranch of congress the center of attrac
iqn lor those who throng the capitol
I Bourke Cockran, of course, is a giant
among popular orators. It is doubtful
whether in all American history there
has been any man who could exceed
fcim as an overpowering oratorical per
sonality before a popular assembly. He
Is big of body, big of head, big of
voice, big in magnetism, with a genius
for pharse-making and a wealth of in
vective with which no man of the pres
ent generation can compete.
It is doubtful whether in all the his
tory of American politics there has
been a more impressive oratorical tri
umph than that which Cockran won in
the Democratic convention of 1892 at
Chicago. In that year Cockran attend
ed the convention as a member of the
Tammany delegation from New York
•who were bent upon defeating the nom
ination of Grover Cleveland, and who
united in a written appeal to the dele
gales from other states against Cleve
land's nomination on the ground that
it wsuld surely involve the loss of the
Empire state to the democratic party.
.The convention was in continuous ses
sion in the great wigwam for hours
during tiie day and far into the night.
The rain beat upon the roof, the great
crowd of 20,000 people surged and
howled and altogether it was an unruly
mob. The sentiment for Cleveland was
dominant and the democratic managers
-trader-the lead of William C. Whitney
had completed the arrangements for
his nomination. For hours the most
"effective orators in 4jie party had been
-Appealing from the platform, some in
Savor of Cleveland, others against him,
.tout no matter who they were or whom
|'..|ithey favored they were drowned in the
li'ijsiury of the crowd. Their oratory was
'i fc!. voiceless pantomime. Then at three
S" :.o'clock in the morning Cockran rose
I j^'iind plowed forward to a place on the
platform. He had not been speaking
:-jtwo minutes before he had the g»cat
auditorium silent under the spell of his
eloquence and he held a hostile audi
:'v ence there for an hour, while hex mar­
r:
Bhalled argument after argument
against the former president, who was
as he described it "popular on every
day except election day." Then after
f' I1® had concluded his speech the con
4 •:vention went calmly to work and
placed in nomination the man against
whom he had let loose the floods of his
f- eloquence.
Cockran in the House.
The scenes in the house during the
elosing days of congress were not un
like those in the
Chicago wigwam
in 1892. There
again Cockran had
a hostile and crit
ical audience with
the 1 is 1 a tive
a a
against him and a
certainty that if
ever a vote was
taken any proposal
which he might
make would be de-
Congressman Dal
zell.
feated by a substantial majority. Yet
again he dominated his audience by
the force of his overwhelming person
ality and while he held them under the
Bpell of his eloquence seemed to be
carrying everything by storm. He
roused chcers of frenzied enthusiasm
from his democratic associates and,
from the galleries and even those on
•the republican side of the house could
\lhardly restrain themselves from ex
pressions of involuntary approval.
,, The glamour of a dramatic occasion
disappeared in the cold gray dawn of
the morning after, and even some of
the de/nocratic representatives who had
indulged in the most frenzied exclama
tions of deltglit began to wonder seri
ously what it had all been about and to
.recall that Bourke Cockran in the past
Jihad lent his eloquence fully as often to
'the opposition as to them and that he
ii&d only rarely been on the" winning
Bide.
Dalzell, of Pennsylvania, whose in
terruption of the Tammany orator was
thfe occasion for stirring Cockran to
his great burst of eloquence, is physi
cally so inferior to the Irish leader as
to make his attack seem almost ridicu
lous in the retrospect. He has a slen
der figure of medium height a head
g|which
tips pertly to the right at an
wangle of several degrees, and a voice
which is thin and piercing almost to
\,^the point of racking the hearers'
"~?es.
He is lacking in magnetism and
"S&- 'Ha
popular qualities and, though he is
recognized as possessing great ability,
he has never been able fully to secure
the confidence even of his own political
associates as a parliamentary leader.
Yet in cold type his encounter with
Cockran reflects no discredit on him.
Allison as a Leader.
Allison of Iowa emerges. from the
sessibn of,congress just closed with an
even higher repu
tation as a parlia
mentary leader
than he had be
fore. Allison is
recognized by both,
parties in both
houses as a master
of legislative strat
egy in dealing
with whom young
er and ^seemingly,
more aggressive
politicians find
themselves contin-
Senator Allison. ually at a disad
vantage.
Allison has been in the senate now
for over 30 years and prior to March 4,
1873, whan he took his seat in the
chamber at the north wing of the cap
itol, he had been a member of the
house of representatives for four con
gresses, so that legislation comes to
him now by instinct and he can accom
plish more without apparent effort than
many others can accomplish with much
straining and strenuousity. He is 75
years old now and he has been in con
gress since he "was 37.
Allison has a greater facility in shap
ing legislation than any other man who
has been in either house or senate in
many years. He has a positive genius
for parliamentary phrasing, securing
by an apt word or sentence exactly the
legislative result which he desires. On
a conference committee, where so much
of the important legislation of congress
is really framed, Allison is irresistable.
Without exciting antagonism or seem
ing to be insistent he almost invariably
secures exactly the results which he
sets out to obtain. With a smile and a
suggestion he touches unerringly the
hidden spring which opens up what
looks to his antagonist as a compro
mise, but which in truth results in pre
cisely the aim he had in mind.
An Old Army Record.
Gov. Upham, of Wisconsin, who was
executive of the Badger state ten years
ago and who has
been an interesting
figure about the
capitol for a fort
night, has a record
which it would be
hard to match.
33* f,
During the civil
war he was offi
a a
dead and memorial
Ex-Gov. Upham. ?eryJCe*
Wer*
in his honor in his
native town of Racine, Wis., while he
lay in a southern prison, awaiting an
opportunity to communicate with those
who were mourning for him at home.
He was a member of the first regiment
enlisted from Wisconsin and he was
wounded at the battle of Bull Run and
left on the field grievously wounded. A
year later he appeared in Washington
and amazed Senator Timothy O. Howe
by walking into his committee room
and asking for a furlough in opder that
he might rejoin his regiment. The sen
ator looked at him hard: "But you are
dead, Bill," he exclaimed. "How can
ytu go back to your regiment?" Nev
ertheless Upham persisted and Howe
took him up to the white house. "Uncle
Abe" bent a kindly eye on him. "In, I
can't send you back to your regiment,"
he said. "You have already done every
thing a man can do for his country.
You have fought, bled and died for
her. You are officially recorded as dead
and of course you can't do any more
fighting in this war. I canYsend you
back to your regiment, but I tell you
what I can do. I will send you to West
Point and make a soldier of you."
And sure enough to West Point the
boy went and graduated into the regu
lar army in the same class with Quar
termaster General Humphrey and
several others who have made high
rank in the army.
Upham remained only a short time
in the service after the close of the
war and then went back to Wisconsin,
where he settled down and went into
the lumber business, marrying in due
season a little girl who had been affi
anced to him as a boy and who had
worn black for him when the news
came to Racine of his demise. She has
to-day the scrap book she made then
-containing the newspaper accounts of
the funeral services with the eulo
giums of the first Wisconsin soldier
to fall in the war.
When Upham was mentioned for
governor there were two others in the
race and it was a pretty three-cornered
fight. The first ballot resulted in no
choice. Then one of Upham's support
ers rose and-read from the Chicago
Inter Ocean the story of how he once
died for his country. The tide was
turned his way and he was nominated
on the next ballot.
LOUIS A. CUOLIDGE.
"Abide with Me."
How the beautiful hymn "Abide with
Me" came into being is recalled by tlia
efforts which are being made to com
plete the rebuilding of tue Lower Brix
ham church, England, which was be
gun 30 years ago in memory of the
author of the hymn, the Rev. Henry
Francis J-fie. At the age of 54 ho
himself doomed to die of con
sumption. In sorrow at having to leavo
his work unfinished he prayed that it
might be granted to him to write some
thing which would live to the glory of
God when he was dead. His prayer wa3
granted and he wrote "Abide with Me"
on the last evening that ha ever spent
at Brixham, after preaching to con
gregation for the last time,
I
TOLD IK NEW YORK
MEN OF MILLIONS THAT ABE
PRACTICALLY UNKNOWN.
GRAFT AND THE GRAFTERS
Hints of Boodle Are Found in Both
the City and State in Busi
ness and Politics—Other
Gotham Gossip.
E W O
"Smith? Seems to
me I've heard that
•name," is about as
definite a comment
as the average citi
zen can make upon
the announcement
that a Mr. Smith,
"who died in Yonk
ers, left to various
persons $351000,000,
"and to the state of
New York $1,000,
000 in succession
taxes.
Mr. Warren B.
Smith was the man
In question. Hazily again, it is known
that he had something to do with car
pets. In fact, he was a manufacturer
of them upon a gigantic scale. He em
ployed workmen by the many hun
dreds. He Invested his great income
overflowing every.- rational need in
stocks, bonds, securities, and these in
turn gained in value. He lived quietly,
and to the gay group of luxurious mil
lionaires who form the "400' he was
unknown, though he could have bought
and sold most of tbem twice and thrice
over.
The Smith family has a way of sur
prising the wiseacres when money is
reckoned. Just as Mr. Warren Smith's
one million in death taxes alone fas
cinates New York's imagination, so the
greater estate which James Henry
Smith, the "Silent Man of Wall
Street," gained from his uncle, who
died in London a few years ago,
amazed even Britain of the older mil
lionaires by paying to the crown death
taxes which appreciably swelled the
national revenue. That one single es
tate saved a penny in the pound to
every man who paid income tax. Just
as Mrs. Mark Hopkins Searles' house
In Great Barrington, Mass., when it
was erected, cut in half the tax rate on
every other proprietor.
Mr. Smith died in Tunis, a traveler
for his health. His estate pays a lar
ger death tax than that of the late
Cornelius Vandebilt, because so much
of It is bequeathed out of the direct
line of descent, to employes in the fac
tory, to distant relatives. Direct heirs
pay nothing to the state.
Patrick Farrelly the Newsman.
RIGHT young Irish
lads take with es
pecial aptitude to
the business of sel
ling newspapers.
Patrick Farrelly
came from Ireland
with his parents, a
lad of seven, with
out prospects, 53
years ago. He had
•little education
when, not much
Slater, liev began sel
ling newspapers. As
a young man of 23
he had already
worked up a big route when he com
bined with Sinclair and John Tousey,
George and Henry Dexter and S. W.
Johnson to form the American News
company. He was the youngest of th-j
six, but three of the others survive
him, Henry Dexter nearly 90 years of
age.
Ever since I can rememoer, Mr. Far
relly has been president, or general
manager, or both. Whatever the title,
he was'in the office every day, attend
ing to business.
Few men in America had such a
wide acquaintance. That he knew tha
business managers' of countless news
papers and magazines was to be ex
pected. But he had also a large ac
quaintance with literary men. There
are few writers who are not at some
disastrous period stung by the bee of
publication. When some "perfectly
magnificent idea" occurred to one of
these young men the first thing was
to "see Farrelly." Would Farrelly
handle the papers or magazines? Then
success was assured.
Mr. Farrelly early learned that to
pour words of caution into the ears of
men bitten by the publication idea was
useless. He would "circulate" any
thing it was by the "returns' 'of un
sold copies that the doom of many an
ambitious publication was pronounced.
I have sat at table at a dinner given by
an over-ambitious author of national
fame, where Mr. Farrelly was a fellow
guest, and where the distinguished host
indulged in lofty talk of his- sure suc
cess, undeterred by the quizzical smile
upon the lips of the man who had
heard many such boasts before. The
new paper ran four numbers. Its pro
jector had tried twice before, with a
result that was not a bit more en
couraging.
Yet how many ventures as desperate
has the old newsman seen pull through
by the skin of their teeth and become
paying "propositions." One is pictur
esque. A paper of national repute and
circulation exceeding half a million
copies was kept alive in its struggling
days by the faith of the paper dealer
who supplied the publisher. He let the
bills run, even though he knew the
venturesome publisher hadn't a cent
left. The paper man has his reward.
The paper uses up ten acres of forest
•verv time it runs off a, numbar. It hae I
J,
i&W.-v
feWiffrrW
,i":is' ~xW$f
'.':r
never bought or tried to buy a pound
of paper from any other than its first
provider.
"Graft" in New York.
HE administration
of "Little Mac"—
George B. McClel
lan—as mayor of
New York, has re
ceived a body blow
in his signing of a
"grab" franchise
endowing the Stan
dard Oil company
and other owners of
the local gas trust
with franchises of
immense value, for
which they do not
pay the city a cent.
mcttfckAN
Until that bil*
was signed Mayor McClellan's admin*
istration had been called excellent It
had only been marred by three bad ap
pointments in the police department,
wherein part of the mischief has now
been repaired. But the gas grab is
considered a heavy, if not a fatal blow,
to Mr. McClellan's hopes of political
preferment.
No one imagines that George Mc
Clellan has handled, or will handle, a
cent of the gas trust's money. But
there were powerful influences at work
upon him, claims of gratitude and feal
ty too strong to ignore. For instance:
"Boss" Murphy's brother is head of
the great company that had made a
contract to build the trust's new $15,
000,000 plant across the East river.
The profit will be at least ten per cent.
The trust, according to Mr. Lincoln
Steffens, the special student of "graft,"
contributed lavishly in money and in
fluence to the success of the McClellan
cause last fall. Finally, the Albany
lobby that passed the bill, corruptly, of
course, had close connections with
both the republican rural and the Tam
many local machines. For country
members frequently vote for rotten
legislation, undeterred by hint of local
disapprobation, so long as only the big
city is robbed.
The sensational revelations connect
ed with the arrest of Duke, the agent
of the "grafters" in the police depart
ment, have given the mayor's admin
istration another black eye, so that it
has now a difficulty in seeing milch
prospect of future success.
The Globe "Security Company."
HE affair of the
Globe Security com
pany suggests that
state politics, a3
well as local, are in
a bad way. Here
iflGL/inl Gf°v- Odell is hit by
trr/uxsr1 the disclosures.
The Globe com
pany was run lu
connection with the
Federal bank, man
aged by one Roths
child. The name
"Rothschild" sug
gested to the ig
norant that tha
president of both
2
VAULT
concerns was a relative of the famous,
and honest, Frankfort family. The
name "Federal" was meant to suggest
that the bank was a national bank,
which it was not.
Organized under the state laws, it
was being looted. Everyone knew it
was being looted. Share's of its stock
were sold on the auction block as low
as eight dollars. The state bank su
perintendent was notified, more than
once. His men were leisurely making
a routine examination of a big savings
bank. Not until that long job was fin
ished did the examiners attack the lit
tle bank that was being looted. The
saddest part of the affair was that its
East side branch, managed by an ex
alderman, was largely patronized by
poor merchants of the Jewish district,
whose all was swept away.
The Globe company was even more
rapacious. It made loans upon chattel
mortgages, sold them, took installment
payments which it failed to turn over
to the hew holders, then "failed"—lia
bilities nearly a million. When the
receiver's lawyer investigated the im
posing "vault" in the Globe office he
found its back a mask of painted tin,
belying the steel front with its massive
locks. That's the sort of thing that
goes on in New York when the author
ities shut their eyes, even for a mo
ment, to talk politics.
"Business Graft."
LL this recalls
what Mr. Steffens
has said about
business "graft" be
ing more danger
ous to a community
than police graft,
and far harder to
stop.
Permission to rob
the public, either
by service corpora
tions that receive
unlimited an
chises, or by "get
rich-quick" on
ceras, or by racing
touts that pretend
to give winning "tips," or by one of 50
devices for getting other people's mon
ey, are ten times a greater evil in New
York than the more picturesque polics
"graft" about which so much is heard
In spite of the Duke revelations, 1
must insist upon pretty accurate Infor
mation that. New York's police force is
better managed than under Van Wyck
Tammany started out with the definite
purpose of stopping police "graft," and
thus lulling public suspicions so that,
under such bribes to the public con
science as clean streets, a low death
rate and fair police protection, the big
ger "graft" could go on unchecked.
There are policemen who continue to
"graft" on a small scale, bat it is a.
risky business. Tammany would not
hesitate to sacrifica them.
WHEN THE WIND BLOWS.
.-When the wind blows,
Nobody knows
-Where the wind goes!
itei
When the wind blows
Every one's nose J%,
Is as red as a rose!
is.
'When the wind blows,
Th« old rooster crows
And defies all his foes'
When the wind blows,
Io you suppose,
pThat
sea captains doze?_.
When the wind blows
At night, and it snows, ..
Two eyelids close—
And ten little toes.
—Ernest McCann.dn St. Nicholas.
EARTHQUAKE ON TUMBLfk.
Here Is a Funny Little Trick That Is
Easy to So and Requires No 1111
Apparatus.
f?
Nearly fill a tumbler with water, wipe
the edge dry if you happen to have wet
it, lay on it a card which is large enough
to project at least half an ihch.all around
and let it stand undisturbed. In half
an hour or so you will find that the card
has become hollow, like a cup, and has
sagged down inside of the glass. This
Is caused from the vapor rising from
the water. The lower face of the card,
being moist, has swollen or expanded,
while the upper face has not, and there
fore the flat card is warped into the
shape of a cup. Take it off and replace
it with the damp convex side on top.
The rounded card represents the earth,
EARTHQUAKE ON A TUMBLER.
or a portion oi it, and in a minute you
will see it quake.
But^ to makA the earthquake more in
teresting your earth should have in
habitants. You cannot make these
small enough to be in the right propor
tion to your little earth, and if you could
they would be too small to see, so you
will have to make them as small as you
can—an inch or two high. Make them of
paper, stand them carefully on their feet
or seat them on bits of cork on your
earth before it quakes. If you can make
the figures in pieces, with their bodies
gently balanced on their legs and their
heads on their bodies, so much the bet
ter.
You might also add a house built up of
four bits of card for walls, held together
only by the weight of a fifth piece laid
on top of them for a roof.
All your figures and buildings—there
isn't room for many—must be in readi
ness before you turn the earth—I mean
the damp card—over. Set them quick
ly but carefully on the convex surface
and wait for the earthquake. Very
soon the "earth" will sink in with a
snap, and walls, heads, legs and bodies
will go flying through the air. The rea
son is easy to guess. The upper surface
of the card has been drying and con
tracting while the lower surface has be
come moist and swollen, so that present
ly the card has to bulge down instead
of up.—Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.
WHEN
OWEN LA1CQOO.S
uT.nfM,
In the Worlds Largest Gun
a soldier or sailor is told a
gun is of a certain caliber he
knows exactly what the words
mean, but the average boy does not,"
and, therefore, when he read some time
ago that the largest gun in the world
had just been finished at Watervliet
arsenal it is very doubtful if he was
able to form any precise idea of the
ODDITY OF AIR CURRENTS.
When Blown Through a Funnel a
Candle Flame Is the Most Ob
-, stinate of Things. 'V
Of course you know what a "blower"
is. The meaning that we have in mind
is not to be found in the dictionary, but
you are doubtless familiar with the
term boaster, which is the same thing.
The next time you encounter him tell
him that you don't believe he can blow
out a candle placed only a foot from
his experienced mouth without any
other obstacle than his own breath be
tween them.
If he accepts the challenge, seat him
comfortably at the table, place the light
ed candle in front of him, and,-putting
to his lips a large tin funnel, with the
Sf
FLAME DEFIES THE BLOWER.
center of its mouth opposite and near
the flame, tell him to blow through that.
He may blow until he becomes black
in the face without extinguishing th»
candle. The harder he blows the more
it doesn't go out.
After he has given it up, say: "It is
easy enough when you know how," put
the funnel to-your lips and blow out
the candle. How? Simply by bringing
the rim instead of the center near tha
flame.
When you blow through a funnel your
breath spreads and follows the conical
surface, leaving a region of dead calm
in the center. Your friend blew all
around the flanJPwithout touching it,
but you extinguish it with a puff.
There are a good many queer things
about air currents that would never have
been thought of if they had not been
found out by experience. This is ona
of them.—Detroit Free Press.
KITTEN FOUND THE CATNIP.
After Rigel Had Discovered the Treas
ure He Wanted to Share It with sm
His Playmates.
An Indiana physician tells this stor^'"
of a bright kitten in OurDumb Animals:
The kitten was named "Rigel," was
very playful, full of reasoning in all hia
play, and soon grew to be a large cat.
Snow covered the ground most of the
winter, and catnip could not easily be
had by the cats. One day while sitting
at the desk I noticed my cat climbing
up a set of shelves which contained
medicines and drugs in bottles and
boxes. When he reached the fifth shelf
from the floor he carefully reached with
his paw a small packet, pulled it out and
dropped it to the floor. Nothing else was
touched. He jumped down, smelled of
the paper, then came to me and mewed
and ran to his find, which on picking up
I found to be an unopened flve-cent
packet of catnip. I broke it and gave a
part to him on a paper. "He ate of it,
then rolled in it and enjoyed a real feast.
In the evening of the same day, while
relating this to a friend, a mewing and
scratching was heard at the door. I
opened it and in came Rigel, and with
him a large white cat. Rigel repeated
his performance and seemed pleased to
see his friend enjoy it.
About a week after the white cat and
a maltese cat came in, and a third timo
my cat succeeded in getting the packefc
without disturbing another box. After
they had partaken to their satisfaction,
I put them on the walk and my friend
and I watched them in their play.
magnitude of the new weapon, lf so,
he will surely be interested in the pic
ture which represents two children sit
ting in the very breech of this monstrous
gun and thus shows at a glance its great
dimensions. The children are nine and
ten years old and there is ample room
for both. Our cut is from the N«jw York
Herald.
it
mm
L.
ste
-:SS
-44-^
**v

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