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S fV1- Vv y* *S3v» 4' •V WASUiNGTON LETTER vfclTTLE STORIES GATHERED AT THE CAPITOL. rk&'JtXt#|,NATIONAL OBJECTS TO THE CARTOONS Washington.—Recollections of Extremes to which some of the toonists of Secretary Shaw. -"V Iblood in his eye. 'I'll teach you to in struct the jury to defeat justice!' he thundered, as he pitched into his '.honor. "So you see a joke can be carried al together too far. I think some of the ifunny picture men are overdoing it" Hoar Favors the Printers." •Senator Hoar has for years been ^looked upon as the -guardian of the government print ing office. The big print shop has been a sort of hob by with him, and he never tires of visiting it and watching its won derful machines turning out count less thousands of Senator Hoar.i pages of official publications from every department of lie government. Though not a member of the senate committee on printing Senator Hoar has nevertheless shown a greater in terest in the printing office than mem bers of that committee, and records liis vote for every appropriation for its maintenance or expansion. He was strongly in favor of condemning the -old government printing office and •erecting a new one, and urgently worked for that end before it was final ly accomplished. In some respects Senator Hoar is like Lincoln. He has a way of illus trating a point with a story. To illus trate the condition of the old govern ment printing office he has several times told the following story, which is an incident of his early law prac tice: "I am reminded," said he, "of some thing that happened in the supreme •court of our state some years ago. They held court at Northampton and went over to Mount Holyoke, where there is an elevator which takes trav elers up the side of a steep rock a hundred or two hundred feet to avoid the difficulty of climbing. "The judges, as judges are apt to be, •were, nearly all of them, rather corpu lent men. They saw that the rope that •held the. car in which they went was very much frayed, and they asked the .manager if he did not think it was a .little unsafe. 'Yes," said the manager, 'it is wholly unsafe and likely to break every .minute, but we are going to have a uew one next Monday." A Useless Printing Press, Some of the most remarkable print ing machines in the world are to bo Jouud in tho government printing of Hco. They are such marvels of inge nuity that they seem almost human. But the most ingenious of all these •machines is the great perfecting press •which has stood in the press room for half a year waiting for experts to de •termine why it would not run. It was bought especially for printing the Con gressional Record and will, if ever put in running order by the makers, cost the government $38,750. For six months a mechanical sharp frojn the factory has been going over file mammotl' machine, and, although ho lias declared lime and again, thafcit was in "the pink of_ condition" and •i^ir-v-1. :--K t."t-- fu/xlk Arfc •^.^•c a! -1 ••, Secretary Shaw Thinks Fanny Men's Pictures Breed Anarchy Sena "i tor Hoar the Friend of Print ers—Other Capitol Gossip. the car- country went dur ing the last presi dential campaign has brought a pro test from Secre tary Shaw against the use of what he calls "anarchy breeding pictures" in the coming campaign. He be lieves that these pictures, where they go to ex tremes, as many of them do, are but food for the firebrand, and insists that some means should be found for stopping their publication. S "These pictures often carrj^ a joke too far," he says and to illustrate his point he tells a little story of an in stance which happened in Iowa when he was a boy: "There was an old judge on the bench in my town who was something of a humorist in his way. One day he heard a case in which a new attorney appeared for the defendant. The young lawyer pleaded his case most eloquent ly, but the burden of proof was against Ins client and he lost. After the judge £ot home that night he received a call from the counsel for the defence. 'Judge,' said the young lawyer, it. 'you ruined my life to-day. I am start ing out on my legal career. I had a good case, and before I went into it I told my client that I would win. It s. was my first case, judge, and if I had -won it it would have done me a world of good. As it turned out, I am a ruined man.' 'Oh, don't feel that way about it,' replied the judge. 'Just go to your client and tell him that it was all my fault. That it was the instructions I gave the jury that lost you the case.' "The next time the judge stepped out of the house he found t.he defend ant in the case waiting for him with "ought to run lik6 greased lightning," there has been a hitch somewhere in its metal anatomy that prevented it from reeling off the "Records." The new press is known as the "Pride of the Printshop." It is a mon ster, 20 feet high and 35 or 40 feet long, and when it gets to working wili dash ofE more than 200,000 pages of "The Congressional Record" an hour. All the other presses in the biggest print ing office in the world look like pyg mies beside it. The guides who steer visitors about the works always stand awestruck before it when they get within sight of its polished arms, bright plates and monstrous rollers. In tones appropriately hushed, as though in the presence of majesty, they describe the workings of the great cyl inders, the powerful motor and almost human intelligence of the parts that count the sheets, fold the leaves or stop the whirl of the giant wheels when, anything goes wrong. "It'll be the most wonderful press in the world—when it gets to working right," the guide remarks as he passes reluctantly on to some smaller piece'of machinery. The government will not pay the $38,750 that the press is supposed to be worth until it works perfectly. At present the experts who have been toiling over it for half a year to dis cover what was wrong say that a little pin no largeT than one's finger is miss ing, and as soon as it is made and put in place, the whale of the printery deep will be able to swim. Quay's Successor. Who will succeed to Quay's place In the senate is a question in which many people in Wash ington are interest ed. If Washington were consulted in the matter it is probable that At torney fL al As a story teller Quay could always secure an attentive audience, though there were but few outside of a coterie of intimate friends who were privileged to listen to his tales. One of the last stories, he told in Washington was re lated while standing in the senate cloakroom, and was intended to illus trate the high standard of morality in the Keystone state. According to Quay an old Pennsylvania Dutchman, a thrifty but not wealthy farmer, was elected to the legislature. Several "meaty" railroad and other corpora tion measures came up for considera tion., and after the session had closcd the old farmer surprised everybody by buying and paying cash for prop erty worth $30,000. Some one asked if a fortune had been left to him. "Oh no," was the reply. "I have just been saving money while in Harrisburg at the legislature." "Why, Hans." said his friend, "you could not save $30,000 in three months when your salary was only three dollars a day." "Ah, but you forget," explained the old man as he stroked his beard complacently "my wife didn't keep a hired girl all the time." Fighting Cortleyou. An echo of Quay's political influ. ence is found in the fight, that Is de. veloping against ., John P. Elkin would be the man, but MT. Elkin is the candidate for the supreme bench in Pennsylvania, The Late Senator anj has announced Quay. tjja£ jje js QU(. q£ active politics for good. It is not prob able that Pennsylvania will soon have another man in the senate like Quay. He was one of the worst hated and best liked men in Washington. Though he figured prominently in national politics and was considered as one of the leaders of his party, he has but few notable achievements to his record as a legis lator, and never played a conspicuous role in the deliberations of the senate. It was but seldom that he was to be found in the senate chamber, nor did he give greater attention to the meet ings of the appropriations committee, of which he was a member. Secretary Cortel you as the nation a a chairman. Quay is said to have start ed the opposition to the selection of the young secre tary of commerce and labor, and but a few hours before his death sent Secretary Cortelyou word to President Roosevelt that he was making a mistake. The message was sent by Don Cameron, who received it from the lips of the dying senator. "I want you to tell him as soon as possible," Quay is quoted as saying. "Probably I should have no voice in the selection, but tell the president that he is surely making a mistake. "Don," he is reported to have said further, "the coming campaign will be a hard one. It will be one of the hard est fights in the history of the repub lican party. The opposition is strong and it may grow stronger, and on this account the new chairman should be a mail who has had tho greatest political experience that it ia possible to ob tain." Senator Penrose is also supposed to be opposed to the selection of Secre tary Cortelyou, and is said to be mak ing an effort to unite eastern republic ans on some other candidate for the place. Rumor has it that the choice of this dissatisfied element has centered on Senator John Fairchild Dryden. It is said the opposition to Cortel you results from a lack of consultation on the part of the president with rec ognized leaders of the party before his selection, but the president and his friends seem not to foar the result at the coming convention. j. jr-v -f-»y »J7^as: J* Morocco Bandits and Their Field of Operations J* The Marauding Hands ofifre Desert Are Welt Organised and Are Fearless. OROCCO and piracy have been associated in our minds ever since school days taught us a little of the history of the Barbary states, brought to us thrilling tales of enslaved American voyagers, of gal lant liberating Decatur but, in our ig norance, we had thoughtMoorish piracy a thing of the past, not in existence in these modern days of telegraph and rail way. However, we are to learn the Moorish pirate and tirlgand is still a creature of vitality, seemingly as un conquerable as the Berber race itself. At present, news is flashing round the world concerning the captivity of an American citizen, Mr. Ion Perdicaris, in a mountain stronghold in Morocco, and the danger threatening our citizen if the demanded ransom is not forthcoming, the demanded stipulations observed. It is not improbable that America may again take up arms against a Barbary state at least we have begun making show of disapproval, our war vessels now hovering about that bold and treacherous African coast. The story of the capture of Mr. Perdi caris and his stepson, Mr. Cromwell Varley, reads like a romance, and we may be pardoned for reviewing it. About half past eight in the evening Mr. Perdicaris was at home with his family in a villa about three miles from Tan gier, the diplomatic capital of Mo rocco, when suddenly the house was surrounded by a body of armed Arabs, who, acting under order of their lead- "IDONIA," HOME OP ION ERDICARIS AT TANGIER er, Raisuli, seized the two men and fled with them to the mountains. Mr. Perdi caris is of -Greek origin, but is a naturalized citizen of the United States. He is very wealthy, has been a resident of Tangier for years, is married to an Englishwoman, and his stepson is a British subject—which latter face brings down upon the sultan's head now the wrath of two nations. It is in accord ance with the oriental custom, that our consul at Tangier has asked the sultan that he advance money for the ransom demanded, the consuls immediate con cern being the safety of the lives of the captives. It is reported the brigand chief more than once has enjoyed the hospitality of Mr. Perdicaris in Tangier, where the American is owner of one of the sultan's palaces but that the brig ands mean business, and death doubtless would overtake the captives if the terms UOAT LOAD OF ENGLISHMEN CAP TURED BY MOROCCO BANDITS. were refused. Mr. Perdicaris is 70 years old, and in poor health. Raisuli is the same bandit that last year kept captive Mr. Walter B. Harris, correspondent of the London times, and foreigners in Morocco attribute the pres ent bold act of brigandn«e to the indif ference chown by the government ai the offense, the bandits then going unpun ished. But it should be understood, be fore quick judgment is passed upon the laxness of the powers that be, that brig andage prevails to such an extent in Morocco arrests and punishment of indi viduals might easily lead to a general civil war", and the overthrow of the gov ernment. And who is this Raisuli that he dare steal citizens of great nations, dictate terms to great nations? One of the oldest and most influential of the Shereefian families, therefore not in awe of any nation, any people a brig and that can flee to the mountains so far entered only by tribesmen and captive, a place of intrenchment far from coast and battleship, a retreat most difficult for outsiders to reach in safety. Morocco has an area of about 219,000 square miles, but all except 53,800 miles is desert. Across the country, from east to west, extend the Atlas mountains. In the plains and mountains dwell the turbulent Berber tribes in the north the Riffian tribes. The leading races are the Moors, Jews and Berbers the latterjstyled "the free people," superior to authority, folk that do not pay ob servance to, seem scarcely to be con scious of the existence of, that gentle man of supposedly autocratic power, the sultan of Morocco. Constantly they are getting the sovereign into trouble by reason of their high-handed deeds of robbery and kidnaping, and the sultan is ever mixed up in international broils, is very often called upon to pour into the coffers of the offended goodly thou sands. No one nation, however, ap pears ready to interfere to the extent of assuming control of Morocco's internal affairs, and the country contines a land of political unrest, of lawlessness and also of oppression. Recently the brigands have been espe cially bold in their depredations. They cross into the spheres of French and of Spanish influence, seize upon any "Christian"" that may come within their reach. In 18D3 the Riffian tribes came in collision with Spain, and the government was forced to pay a large in demnity to the Spanish nation since the bad feeling then engendered, piracy on the Riff coast has increased. It may be of interest to readers to glance at a few words from an article written for an English magazine by Mr. Perdicaris on "Piracy in Morocco the author doubtless not dreaming at the time ol writing that some day he himself was to fall a victim to this very piracy. "Rif flan mountaineers, men of a race which has, alone, succeeded, alike in the past and present, in maintaining their inde pendence men who were neither utter ly quelled in bygone times by Carthage, Rome nor Goth, and who, to-day, defy the sultan of Morocco as they do the greatest of the European states, not one of whose subjects has penetrated that territory except as slaves or captives held as ransom, although the Bocoya country is situated in the very sight of Gibraltar." The strife between the .sultan of Mo rocco and the pretender continues. When the excitement was at its height last year, the London Times corre spondent, Mr. Harris, spent three weeks of captivity with the mountain rebels, of whom Raisuli is the leader, in the region about Tangier. Raisuli has laid to his account highway robbery, black mail and murder, and it may be some of the cruelty of which he has been guilty has been dealt out in payment for the years he spent in one of the worst of Morocco's notoriously bad prisons. Mr. Harris describes the brigand, Rais uli, as still young, quite handsome, with no appearance of the ferocity of which he has proved himself capable. Mr. Harris says his captors indignantly re fused all offers of ransom for his re lease, declaring their motive in holding him being not robbery, but their idea that the retention of a foreigner might get them from the government certain much-desired concessions, one of these concessions the liberation of imprisoned brigands. Mr. Harris' free dom was finally purchased by means of a 16 to one ratio, 16 men from the Tan gier prison being exchanged for the British subject. The Englishman said the liberated prisoners were in deplor able condition, Morocco's prison meth ods being the most inhuman, while he himself came from under the brigands' hands in the fine state of health. As to present-day piracy in the land. Mr. Perdicaris writes that the Bocoyas of Morocco weaken the boasted security of Gibraltar by waylaying the smaller sailing vessels that are unluckily driven their way shoot down those on board that resist, and carry off captive officers and men remaining. Italian, Portu guese, French, Spanish, all have had to make acquaintance with the tender mercy of the up-to-date Moorish pi rate. :•:)$$§ "SI# $$ KATHEF.INE POFE. *Vf' THE MONEY LENDERS LOAN SHARKS ARE THE CRYING EVIL OF CHICAGO. AS HEARTLESS AS SHYLOCK The Courts Are Practically Powerless to Help the Unhappy Debtors—A Big Intercepting Sewer Sys tem Just Completed. Chicago—The crying evil of this city these days is the salary loan shark. The man who ad vertises to advance money to salaried employes at legal rates of interest and without em ployers knowing of the transaction. It seems unnec essary to say that their advertise ments are the veri est lies. They will tell you so if you ask them, possibly not in so many words, but with an explanation to tho The Man with the Monej cffect that the advertisements are in tended to open the way for business, and that they are in the business of selling money instead of loaning it. There are many unitemized expenses connected with the selling of money which the purchaser must pay in addi tion to the legal rates of interest. Like many another crying evil the deepest dyed villain is not the one who is "receiving the greatest amount of condemnation at the hands of the pub lic and the newspapers. The public blame the men whose names appear on the advertisements, the men who sit in magnificently furnished offices anrl amuse themselves by playing with piles of $20 gold pieces for the edifica tion of their customers, the men whoso names figure as plaintiffs in the suits brought in the justice courts for judg ments against the unhappy mortals who have bought of this gold and have not paid the full measure they prom ised to. These men, and the justices who render the judgments against the unhappy debtors, and the constables who serve the garnishees, are fully de serving of whatever hard words may be said of them, but the real founda tion of the nefarious business lies deeper. The deepest-dyed villains of the lot boast pious Countenances, wear Prince Albert suits, ride to and from their places of business in decorous equipages and pose before the world as capitalists. They it is who furnish the $20 gold pieces. The flashily dressed man at tho desk, the justice and the constable are merely their ser vants, with whom they divide the profits of the business. Xodera Shylocks. But few applicants for assistance are turned away empty handed by the sal ary loan sharks. There is a classifi cation for every one with any sort of a position which offers an opportu nity for the collec tion of the debt. 0 0# o\jJL olio At the same time there are but few who escapewithout paying the full a nounced by the money lender. And this is how i'. works: In th«. Grasp of the Loan Shark. We will say that you apply for a loan of $200. You sign notes for that amount bearing seveu per cent, interest, and make an as signment of your salary to cover both principle and interest, to which also is added the cost of collection. You re ceive in cold cash possibly $75, more or less, depending entirely upon' how you are rated. If the notes are paid promptly all goes well, the employer knows nothing of your borrowing, and when you have returned about $250 for the $75 which you have received tha debt is cancelled. Should you miss payment on a note, however, the ShylocK is there at one.? to demand every ounce of his poqnd of flesh, nor do the pleadings of the af flicted or the homeless make one bit of difference to him. He is as cold and heartless as a piece of steel, and hounds the debtor for the "last cent, with new and greater costs of collec tion added. Men quit positions to escape, they change their names and places of resi dence, but a skilled corps of detectives hunt them out, though it may take months to do so, and the judgments which the well-paid justices deliver must be paid before peace can be de clared. The Courts Cannot Help. Time and again the courts haye been appealed to to stop this nefarious trade, but without effect With pres-. ent laws justice is helpless, and the ha to can find no relief from that direc tion. In a recent decision the Illi nois supreme court ruled: A may assign his wages or anything else, and the law ..will enforce the Justice I. bounc. and assjgnmeilt Even e'p es bankruptcy does not wipe out the obligation. The whole business of the money lender is done **«4|a|jflt upon the salary assignment kasls. Tha notes which the borrower sign, anJ which bear only legal rates of interest, are of value merely as evidence should the money-lender be sued for usury. Not only is the employe hounded by the money-lenders, but the employers are seriously inconvenienced as well. In the establishments where consider able numbers of people are employed garnishees are of regular occurrence. They increase the cost of bookkeeping, and if one of these is disregarded, through error or otherwise, the em ployer at once becomes liable, and must pay the penalty. Fot some months there was some thing like an organized effort among the employers to discourage the bor rowing habit by discharging every em ploye against whom a garnishee was entered, but it resulted in the loss of so many good mechanics that it wa3 discontinued. Out of this effort, however, grew a plan established in some offices and factories to set aside a fund from which employes might borrow, and the amount be taken from their pay in in stallments. The trouble with this plan has been to distinguish the honest borrower, the one who borrowed be cause of necessity, and the dishonest one who secured all he could and then left his position. It is the old story of the' innocent suffering for the sins of the guilty. It seems that the only solution of the problem will be the establishment of places operated in much the same way as the State Pawners' society, where the working classes may secure small sums without other security than their notes backed by salary assignments. 1 Big Engineering Feat. One of the biggest engineering feats attempted by Chicago in connection with its efforts tj secure pure drink ing water was completed when tion, and the great size from 12j^ to 12,000 acres of land, the sewerage of which has previously gone into the lake to contaminate the water supply. When the Thirty-ninth street con duit, 20 feet in diameter, is completed, and the enormous pumping station at its head is installed, there will be sent into the drainage canal from this source 1,400,000,000 gallons of water per day, and with the completion of they. North Side intercepting sewer 75 per cent of all Chicago'3 sewerage will be carried over the canal dam at Lock port, instead of into the river, as it has been. The big pumps will draw from the lake four times as much water an the city water works, and will increase the flow over the Lockport dam to' about 350,000,000 gallons of water per minute. These pumps will not be ready to run until next February, but some relief will be had on July A, when a set of small pumps drawing 7,000 gallons ol water per minute will be started. The cost of the South Side sewer and conduit has been about $3,000,000. One million of this was spent in the con struction of the sewer south from Thir ty-ninth street, another million in building the Thirty-ninth street con duit, and the third million in equip ping the pumping station. The work was originally undertaken by a con struction company, but it failed, and the city has completed the job by day labor at an estimated saving of more than $300,000. The Public Does not Enow. It is astonishing how little the pub lic know of the big problems that are being solved in the city. The Illinois Vj? JI 'X *4 ft! -i. v$ if $ 'r Mayor Harrison laid.the last brick ia the intercepting sewer extending from Thirty-ninth street to Seventy fourth, a distance of four and one quarter miles. sw- vi r* A =v*i "V Thirty-two mil lion bricks, all made at the city prison,, were used in this construc sewer, ranging in 16 feet, will drain More Germs for St Louis. i-t fa a .~-. •*, ass 7 --y 1 Telephone & Tun nel company exca vated some 14 miles of tunnels under the streets of the business district and had freight cars run ning in them al most before the public knew any thing of it. Another work of which the Chicago public are more or less in ignorance is the filling of the Lake Front park. Through the system of tunnels under the down town district cars are to car ry the debris of the streets and the razed buildings to complete-the filling of this big tract of lake, which will add 360 acres to the Chicago park system. I Not one person in a thousand in the city knew of the building of Filling- the Lake Front Park. this Thirty-ninth street conduit and in tercepting sewer system. Patrons of the Illinois Central suburban service could see gangs of workmen employed at somethihg, but only a comparative ly few of them understood what tha work really was. There are to-day two tunnels under the Chicago river of which it is safe to say that not one person in 10,000 know of. Both are large enough to drive a wagon through. One was built by the Edison company as a conduit for its electric wires, and tho other is a part of the tunnel system of the Illinois Tunnel company. Neither of them will be affected by the recent congressional legislation ordering the lowering of the river tunnels, as both are some 40 feet under the bed of the river. WUIGI1T A. PATXi'ROOM.