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JHW ,1 7-v tiV -x? ^Blpftppf W £. "f 1fi» HJi fc f/ MT 11 I :K^r sr Jp \$» «ia L/ mmm ii VV^ ,z.!*-Y 'i ft It %&,*• ©T", im$ vi &!• •silver bullion purchased under the Sher man act is exhausted, and that in all probability no more new silver dollars '-will be turned out by the government mint plants. Which, for old association's -sake, seems regretable. Although the silver dollar has led to «•-much heated 16 to 1 controversy, we W'should give it the respect due iti long' •service. In a report of the United States monetary commission, this tribute is :®aid It: "The silver dollar has been 'i mlnd-your USINESS THE FRANKLIN COPPER. iV First Coin Issued bj the United States Mint. j&f 1 longer known, is more widely used:, and if'.v is more familiar to mankind than any pother coin of either metal." The coin was ^lin common use in 1785 when the Ameri can congress adopted it as the unit of ac 'count. To our great financier, Robert 4 Morris, belongs the credit of our decimal V' money, but it was Thomas Jefferson that proposed the dollar as unit of ac iT-' count, reasoning that the Spanish silver ij'dollar was "famMfar to the minds of the 'V| PeoPle, and alrcaSf as much referred to •/as a measure of *Slue as the respective •..provincial pounds" the provincial pounds of the recent ruling English. j- Spain borrowed the dollar from Aus :^ife,tria during her union with that country Sunder Charles V., ana as the "thaler" the dollar was coined from Bohemian i&tifiilver mines. The Spaniards with their ^-wonderful wealth of American mines 6upplied the world' for centuries with ^v.Bilver, and made the silver dollar be come very widely known. Being close neighbor to Spanish-America and carry ing on with her much trade, we early be- THE FIRST UNITED STATES DOLLAR. came familiar with the silver dollar, and easily adopted it as the national coin when it became necessary to establish a currency of our own. And it was not only that we liked the silver coin, but .also that we disliked the British to the •extent of desiring to cut loose from all •that savored of dependence on the ene jny. Gen. Washington indorsed Thomas Jefferson'b memoir which led to the adoption of the silver dollar unit, and showed tils final approval by his signa ture to the mint act of 1792. An en thusiast writes of the doughty coin in this fashion: "The silver dollar has thus the sanction of the solid and practical worth of George Washington added to the learning, genius and philosophy ol' $ Mr. Jefferson. It is as much a tradition of the United States as their national •M military air, or their national flag, and if? it is a policy as well as a tradition." The growth of a national language is :i?: an interesting study, and also an inter is «sting study is the establishment of the $ THE WASHINGTON HALF DOLLAR. currency of the country. Efforts have g^.been made toward a universal system of coinage, but there seems small prospect that (.ho nations will agree upon com i|adon coins. France finds most con lenient the perfect deciaml divisions Jf the franc the widely-scattered Brit ish have proven tiie power of the English Impound sterling the Yankees'attachment ^eejto the dollar is proverbial. Harper's Book of Facts gives in con- „, ^money. The first coin used in America fs-was the "Hog Money," a coin issued for the Virginia company somewhere about 1615. It was issued in shillings and six- ^jjpences, and circulated in the Bermudas 'the money got its name from yie fact that a hog was s.tamped on tho coin. In 1652, the general court of Massachusetts passed an act establishing, in Boston, the first mint in this country, and the mx' liSt i"r'.\ vV5^ *v Passing of the Good Old American Silver Dollar It Is Probable That No More of Them Will Ever be Coined by the Government ,% ~T «& HAT ponderous and more or less troubling coin, the sil ver dollar, has had its day, acceding to Mr. George T. Roberts, director of the United States mint. Mr. Roberts says the supply of Pllfllli ,uf f/ 1 shilling, six-pence and three»iJence that were coined here are known under the name of the "Pine Tree Money." John Hull, who was the contractor for the Massachusetts mint, received- one shil ling for every 20 coined, and as the pine tree coins were issued in great quant ities, he grew very wealthy. For almost a hundred1 years the pine tree coin was the chief coin in circulation in New Eng land. For Maryland's use, Lord Baltimore in 1661 had coined in England the shil ling, six-pence and penny. France took the lead in sending to American posses sions copper coinage, in -1721 giving Louisiana a small copper coin bearing the letter L, the initial of the king, Louis XV. The English colonies, which had been clamoring for copper, were at last heard, and in 1721 ten tons of copper coin were exported to Massachusetts! In 1773 England sent Virginia a copper coin that.for long was one of the most beautiful of the coins in use in this coun try. Among our early coins was the "Wood Money, "or "Rosa Americana." In 1722 William Wood, of Wolverhampton, Eng land, obtained a monopoly for coining '"tokens" to be used for currency in America. This coin, which was made pf a mixed metal that resembled brass, ob tained quite a wide circulation. In 1737, there was in circulation in Connecticut a private or unauthorized coinage known as the Granby of Higly token. There were various devices in theHigly token: a deer surrounded with this legend, "Value A PINE TREE SHILLING. Me As You Please a group of ham mers and the words, "I Am Good Cop per a broad ax and "I Cut My Way Through again a deer with the words "The Value of Three-Pence hammers and "Connecticut, 1737." In 1785 Ver mont issued the copper one cent, and the following year copper was coined in New Jersey. Massachusetts in 1786 estab lished a mint to coin gold, silver and cop per, but no gold or silver was coined in this mint and its coinage was shortly discontinued. Immediately at the close of the revo lutionary period need was felt for state coinage, and divers coins were issued by the respective commonwealths. What is known as the Georgia cent bore a fig ure representing Liberty standing be hind a barrier of 13 bars Vermont sym bolized the spirit of the day in her coin age, one piece of money bearing the words "Independence and Liberty," an other the sun rising over the mountains with, on the reverse, Latin words mean ing "fourteenth star New York liked the combination "Virtue and Liberty," and another of her many coins bore THE ROSA AMERICANA PENNY. cents and Washington half-dollars and a great many less known coins. In 1786 congress decided upon the fol lowing coins the gold eagle, the half eagle and quarter-eagle the silver dol lar, half-hollar, quarter-dollar, dime and half-dime the copper cent and half-cent The first United States mint was estab lished in 1792, and 1793 is the date of the first United' States coinage. The first issue from the national mint was the cent which bears the admonitory words "Mind Your Own Business," and, per haps because of the advice, called the Franklin cent. The ^rst silver coiift of the American series were issued in 1794 a dollar, half-dollar and half dime. One of the rare United States coins is the silver dollfer of 1804. That the 1804 dollar should-bo so rare is something of a mystery, as 19,570 were coined. Two explanations are given: that part of this large issue was included in the mintage of 1805 that a vessel bound for China with almost the entire 1804 mintage, was lost at sea.f KATHERINE POPE. Compulsory Faith. Judge Parry, of the English judiciary, tells of a feebler-looking man, who was rebukedtfor supporting a ridiculous claim made by his wife. "I tell you candidly I don't believe a word ofyoui wife's story," said Judge Parry. "Yer may do as yer like," replied the maa mournfully, "but I've got to."—-Argo naut A S a./ -i I a \THEEE-HOtTB LECTURE.-" Chippy—What did your wife say to you when you got home late the other night? Chappy—Have you got three hours to spare? Chippj—Lor, noj^ Chappy—Then I shouldn't have time to tell you.—Ally Sloper. An Aid to Longevity. "I noticed the other day, Miss Clin key, that some papers say that mar ried men live longer than single ones." "And haven't you any desire to live long, Mr. Putty blow?" "Why, yes, of course I have. Miss Clinkey." "Oh, Mr. Puttyblow, this is so sud den! —Cleveland Plain Dealer. The Irrepressible. In summer tlmo you're growlln' With sunshine in your soul & In winter—"Shut that crazy door An' bring In tons of coal!" .« So hard to satisfy you!— In Heavenly pasture sunny You'd say: "The harps ain't playin' right- Less comb, please, an' more honey!" —Atlanta Constitution. -a figure of Justice on the obverse and an eagle on the reverse. The early coins and tokens showed the popular feeling toward Washington, innumerable ones having figures meant to be portraits of the Father of his Coun try and in 1783 there were issued four varieties of the Washington Independ ence tokens, and following the Euro pean custom of placing a representation of the head of the country upon the na tion's coins, the bust of Washington was used on the American mintage. There were coined the famous Washington HIS LITTLE BREAK. "Howd'y'to, Miss Lulu. Have to be careful how polite one is to the girls nowadays—leap year, you know." "Oh, yes. So it is." "Happy time for the girls, isn't it?" "Yes. Sometimes it is such fun." 'Specially to a girl who loves fun as you do. Must call up old times to you." —Chicago Tribune. Neglected Incidentals, He had a million dollars: He had scorned all thought of rest, And he finished with a stomach Quite reluctant to digest. And his temper needs excuses As through life he glumly goes. For he hadn't learned the uses Of occasional repose. —Washington Star. How He Won Her Regard. Mrs. De Neat—It seems to me that for a man who claims to deserve chari ty, you have a very red nose. Moldy Mike—Yes, mum the cheap soaps that uc poor people uso is. very hard on the complexion, mum.—R Y. Weekly. The Last Vows. Seedy Nobleman—Are you sure, dear est, that you will always honor my noble family? American Heiress—Always. And will you always love and cherish my money? "While life lasts." "Then let the wedding bells ring."— N. Y. Weekly. Taking Advantage of Trim, Kate—Why did she insist on a church wedding? Nell—Well, she said she was going to hare him go to church with her for once.—Somerviile Journal. Wvi S? trf-Si $ v8», xt'''-1- UNNY Why He Was Sad. V" 'Are you well acquainted with Mr. Rigsby?" 'Quite well. He is employed in the same office as myself." "I think he is such an interesting young man. He is always so melan choly. He surely must have suffered some great disappointment?" "Yes, he has." "Oh, how romantic! What was it?" "Why, he expected a rise In hi» salary on the first, and he didn't get it."—Tit-Bits. Trouble for Him. Towne—I helped Goodart the other day to select a beautiful etching— Browne—Don't mention' Goo.dart to me he's a contemptible character. Towne—What! Why, he told me he was going to send the etching to you for your birthday. Browne—So he did, and my wife made me rearrange all the other pictures in the parlor to make room for it and I'm not done yet.—Philadelphia Press. UNDAUNTED COURAGE. "Is he a man who is easily discour aged?" "Hardly he is going to be married for the fourth time next week."—Chicago Journal. The Very Best. Mr. Nuwed—Gracious, dear! Where did you get these peaches? Mrs. Nuwed—Why? What's the matter? Mr. l^uwed—They don't taste like the best in the world. Mrs. Nuwed—They must be. I picked them out myself. The plctere on the can was prettier than any ol the others.—Philadelphia Press. Enthusiatic. Every evening now my good wife Fondly greets me at the door And the first thing that she asks, Is: "Say. John, what's the score?" —Cincinnati Enquirer. CAUTION REQUIRED. "Do you think it's right for a man to put so much money in his clothes?" "Jt depends upon how sound he sleeps —and how noiselossly his wife can walk.'V-Chicago Journal. So Convenient. Mrs. Urban—How you must enjoj living in the country. I suppose you can get all the fresh fruit and vegeta bles you want? Mrs. Annex—Oh, yes. Such a nlc« peddler comes out from the city thre§ times a week.—Brooklyn Life. Her Husband's Zeal. Mrs. Jones—Here is a letter I want you to mail, dear. It is to my milliner, coun termanding an order for a hat. Mr Jones—Here—take this cord antf tie both my hands behind my back, so I won't forget it!—Puck. i*r'tf.V' 'I*' /j ^4/X •tr# "pi ^f*i 844 I v?& 5 Judging from the tone of the mayor's article it is safe to prophecy a continu ance of the fight against book-making in Chicago. Temptation. ~r- AT'1 ^7^a'v '.( -e *-.* -t THE GAMBLING MANIA CHICAGO SEEKS THOROUGHLY SATURATED WITH VIRUS. MAYOR HARRISON SINCERE Closes the Pool Rooms and Policy Shops for What He Believes 3b 1 Best Interest of City— His Views. A T1 Chicago.—For some six months, ac cording to the statement of Mayor Har rison, the fight against book-mak ing in all its forms has been waged by the Chicago offi cials, but it was not until book-making was stopped at the Washington Park track on Derby day that the public seemed to fully awaken to the fight that was being waged. The stopping of book-making made the season's racing Mayor Harrison. at Washington park a losing rather than a profitable venture. It made for the city administration many enemies as well as many friends. The sporting fra ternity of the city have been loud in their denunciations of the mayor and the po lice force the reform element have mixed their praise with some criticisms because the reform was not more thor ough. "Playing politics'.' has been the cry of that portion of the public, and it is no small portion at that, which desires to risk their money on a horse race. They have charged the mayor with putting a stop to book-making, with closing the pool rooms, purely for its effect in vote malting. Even a portion of the reform element were inclined to the same be lief and refused to credit the city author ities with making the fight as effective as it might be. Mayor Harrison virtual ly answers both of these elements in an article recently printed in the Saturday Evening Post, in which he condemns race betting as a moral curse equal in its deteriorating Influence to the Louisiana lottery. In this article he says: "Give this virus an opportunity to in oculate all classes of a country, and you have allowed a blow to be struck directly at the source of a nation's prosperity." It was not until the poolrooms were closed that one could really come any where near esti mating the hold a in mania had on Chi a whom one would never have sup posed to be affected with the virus came out openly in their condemna tion against the re or a Business men saw in it a means of "killing" the town. they believed in a "wide-open" town as a means of keep Octopus of the Gam bling Mania. ing money in circulation. The clerk con sidered it a menace to his individual lib erty. Whole families, mothers, fathers, sons and daughters rose in condemna tion aganist the shutting oft of personal privileges. When the decree went forth that there should be no betting, no book making at Washington Park on Derby day, members of the Washington Park club, men of Influence and standing in the city, moved every power they knew of to either evade the decree or have it rescinded, but without effect. From tho ghetto to the boulevards the protesta tions against it arose, but the mayor had formed his own ideas of what was best for the city, and with the law on his side he stopped this form of gambling, or at least came as near to that as has been done In Chicago for many a day. Back of the mayor in this fight have stood the men who must employ other men in positions of trust the men who must employ other men to handle their money. Experience had taught them the force of the mayor's argument that, "Give this virus an opportunity to inoc ulate all classes of a country, and you have allowed blow to be struck at the source of a nation's prosperity." They had seen their trusted men swallowed up and pulled down to ruin by the octopus of the poolroom. They hadi learned through the school of experience of the fearfyl results of unrestricted gamb ling, and of racetrack gambling in par ticular. The Women Devotees. There have been no better patrons of the bookmakers than the women. Those of the fair sex who "play the ponies'* may be found in all classes from the factory girl working for five dollars a week to the madam who rides in her car nage and automo bile and lives in a a a sion. Within the past two years the ok a a come to under stand this, and had catered to this class of patrons. Dainti ly furnished rooms were provided fer Tlie Women re Good Patrona. ft '..I ,• iwp^fpMS! PPMHfPPffi V1-'-. ,.1',. i^MiafeiSl »«. f» i. •»*•T •& their accommodation eceated form sheets were furnished them a "barker" in the guise of a footman attended them at the door good-looking, attractively dressed, polite attendants took their commissions. The business, yhen for a time it was allowed a.free hand, and the town was "wide open," made un imaginable strides among the women. So far was it systemitized that agents traveled from house to house of the fashionables to take orders from those who did not care to pay daily visits to, the offices. jd Nor did these agents stop with their visits to the homes of the fashionables. They went also to the offices, where they solicited the patronage of the gtenographers, the clerks, and the fac tory girls. Stories of easy winnings were poured into the ears of attentive listeners that brought the dollars from the feminine pockets in a flood. Race goers estimate that not less than 10,000 Chicago women are patrons of the bookmakers. When given opportunity they would wager close to $100,000 on a single Derby day. Of course, in the end at least, the great, great majority lose. What is the ultimate result of this feminine craze for race betting? Go into almost any part of the city, and you can find girls and women with ruined reputations who can trace their downfall to the race track. Their desir# to not only recoup losses, but to pro vide the means for future bets have sent them to the gutter socially, and they int time become outcasts to populate the' slums. The Start and the Finish. The race track, the board of trade, the stock exchange may be called the zen ith of the gambler's career. To be sure the two latter have their legitimate uses, but so long aa buying and selling on margins is per» mitted they will b® utilized as a means of hazard by thoea posessed of the gambling mania. Primary School Gambling. Much as they are condemned, the or ganizations that strike at the root of the gambling evil are doing a commend able work. Typical of this class of or ganization is the Hyde Park Protective association. The eagle feyes of its work ers are ever alert for the penny-in-the slot machine in the cigar store. There is a law against them on the statute books, but the authorities are prone to overlook it, on the supposition that these things are harmless. The associa tion insists upon the enforcement of the law that prevents managers and own ers of pool and billiard rooms from al lowing minors to piay in them. With out such an association such a law would be a dead letter. It stops tho news boys from flipping pennies, from playing "craps," and. in fact, watches carefully every school of gambling that attracts ths young. If all of these schools for beginners were closed the gambling universities would soon findi themselves without a class of profitable students. The Boats Tied Up. The effect of the strike of the masters and pilots on the lakes will be felt all through the season. Chicago notices the effect of this very materially. As one of the principal grain ports of the lakes, It has noticed the de flection of the carrying business from the lakes to the railroads. Ship pers who have in past sea sons transported all of their grain by water found the use of the raila compulsory for a time, and the railroads, finding the business profitable, have made such rates as will keep it. What-tho effect of the strike was dur ing tho month when it was most ef fective may be seen from tho treasury department's monthly report for May: Only 1,016,723 tons were reported as received at 118 ports in contrast with 7,144,819 tons last year, and 6,795,337 tons in May, 1902. Compared with last season to May 31, there haa been a los» «f over G,000,000 tons of freight in do mestic lake commerce. Receipts of grain, including flour, re duced to bushels, at five ports during May were 8,582,168 bushels, and 22,914, 627 bushels in May, 1903. For five months this year 69,852,235 bushels were received. In contrast with 112,512,-. 133 bushels last year. "Mi 4 ''A J- -»'s --n}. -!V IP What is the .. jstartof this mania? There are many. of The boy plays a "keeps." A little later he has learned to smoke cigarettes, and finds it more ex citing to deposit his pennies in the slot machine the cards of which will de termine for him whether he gets one package for five cents, ten packages for five cents, or none at all. He pl§y» pool and billiards and the loser pays for the game. The interest in the game is in the hazard. And so the craze develops. It will run into matching coins, into play ing poker, into horse racing, and, given opportunity, into the buying and selling of margins. y- WEIGHT A. PATTBR80H. ^11 -U vH pSI Though it was set tled some weeks ago there are yet many vessels lying a a docks which have not, and in all prob ability will not, make a trip this season. A man interested in lake shipping said to me the oth er day that $500,000 would not covqjp the losses of the The Boats Are Tied Up. masters and pilots for this season, sim ply because of the number of vessels that were being kept out of commis sion. It V- V3 -V /, Sr Jsv' "f .'fii S I -v vS&"