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GOSSIP OF XBN AND EVENTS AT NATIONAL CAPITOL. OUR DIPLOMATS IN KOREA They Are ttie Predominating Influ ence in the Hermit Kingdom Condition of Gorman—West ern Boys for the Navy. Washington. American influence promisee to be a dominating factor in the affairs of Ko rea, the Hermit Kingdom. Mr. Durham White Stevens, a loyal American citizen, but for some 20 years in the diplo matic service of Japan, lias been selected as the dip lomatic advisor of the Korean gov ernment. His head quarters will be at Seoul, the capital, where is stationed Hon. Durham White I Stevens. Another American, Horace N. Allen, the United States minister. While a representative of this government, Mr. Allen's influence with the Korean gov ernment is perhaps greater than that of any other foreigner or any of the king's court. As Japan has practical suzerainty over 1'orea, Mr. Stevens will virtually be the minister of state to that country. With an American in such an influential position and with such an influential man as Mr. Allen for minister, it will be strange if the United States does not receive first consideration in all matters of interna tional moment. Mr. Stevens is one of the most ac complished diplomats of Washington and is probably as well posted on great international questions as My other man, not excepting Secretary of State John.,Hay. It is undoubtedly due to his wise counsel to the Japanese min ister that the atmosphere in official Washington changed so materially in favor of the Japanese when the trouble between Japan and Russia broke out. He was able skillfully to have the Jap anese side of the controversy presented and understood here, and his long ex perience in the diplomatic service en abled him to steer his minister and the legation attaches clear of any compro mising or embarrassing situations. Mr. Stevens is a genial, companionable gentleman and quite a favorite in offi cial circles. While he has served the Interests of Japan fuilhf'.'lly he is s'ill a staunch American and will be abl$ without any disloyalty to the govern ment that engages him to serve the In terests af the United States. Was a Popular Official. much regret among the c^fteyeaue Commissioner There is" friends or Joe Miller that he was not nominated for congress in tne Fifth West Vir ginia is tr t. Identified with the two Cleveland ad ministrations Washington, Mr. Miller was one of the most popular public officials of those eight years. He is a large, fat, jovial gentleman Enjoyed Sport on the with a fund ol' Potomac. good stories that have humorously been labeled "Joe Miller's Joke Book." He was a great favorite of President Cleveland, and of all of Cleveland's intimate advisers. He represents that element in West Virginia democracy and it was thought that his character and political probity would win him the democratic nomination in his home district, but those who believe iu more practical methods than he were suc cessful. The average West Virginia politician does not believe in handing nominations to men "on silver'plat ters." When Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Miller were in office in Washington they were boon companions on many a fishing trip. The waters of the Potomac above the capital city are famous for the small mouth bass. Few of the Potomac fishermen were better acquainted with the haunts of this fish than President Cleveland and Commissioner Miller and in the spring and fall months, when the fish are biting freely, these two would slip off quietly, engage na tive boatmen and enjoy the sport to the fullest extent. There was great rivalry among the newspaper corre spondents in securing stories of these fishing jaunta, but both of the dis tinguished sportsmen were usually ret Jcent as to the size of their catch. Condition of Goraiaji. Some anxiety is felt in Ifcfe circle of Senator Arthur Pue GormaiTs' frtends over the condition of the distidglftgh ed Maryland dem ocrat's health. His inactivity politick this year has been a matter of much comment and has erroneously been attributed to indif ference. Mr. Gor man is not in phy sical condition to to enter as actite ly into political work as in the past. Senator Gorman. Just what his ailment is no one with knowledge will disclose, but it Is rntimm known that under his physician's or ders he kept away from the national democratic convention at St. Louis and declined the offer of the chairmanship of the democratic national committee. His illness does not show in his per sonal appearance. His face is full, but colorless, as it always has been. His smile is as genial and his manner as cordial as ever. in heeding the advice of his physi cian Senator Gorman displays a wis dom that has not characterized some of his associates in public life in the past. One of his warm friends, although po litical opponents, and one of the great est political leaders of the last genera tion was Senator Quay of Pennsyl vania. Mr. Quay was ailing for years before his death, but was never amen able to the advice and orders of his physicians. He ignored their regula tions concerning diet, ate heartily of forbidden dishes and finally paid the penalty. Another great political leader Senator Hanna of Ohio, was almost equally careless of his health. He dis regarded the doctors' advice even up to the beginning of his last fatal ill ness!. It is believed that the example of Senators Quay and Hanna and other men in public life, who have succumb ed to diseases that might have been fought off, influences Senator Gorman in caring for his health. Mr. Gorman Is in his sixty-eighth year, but well preserved in mind and body and with care ought to live many years. He has always lived a temperate life, except in the expenditure of nervous force and physical energy in political work. Now that the latter threatens his health he is restricting his efforts in the face of ciiticism that he is not heartily sup porting his party's ticket. Want Naval Officers. Experience in the navy has devel oped the excellence of western brawn, muscle and brain in the service. A large percentage of the enlisted men in the navy come from the western states, but Secretary Morton is anxious to have more of the same at a a the commissioned officers. There are 07 vacancies In the grade of second lieutenants in the marine corps and Wanted for Navy. the the secretary is desirous that most of them be filled by western boys. The appointments will be made by the middle of November and the presi dent agrees with his secretary that the west is entitled to a big share of them, During the last year there have been about 50 appointments of lieutenants in the marine, corps and the naval reg ister shows that at least seven-eighths of the appointees came from eastern states. The majority of them are from Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Virginia and the District of Columbia. Appointments to the marine corps are now considered very desirable po sitions in the navy. Formerly this branch of the naval service did not have the standing of the line and en gineers. It has become exceedingly popular, however, since its brilliant achievements in Cuba, the Philippines and in China. It has been greatly In creased since the breaking out of the war with Spain and the corps now embraces something like 8,000 men and officers and will probably be increased a couple of thousand more very soon. The examinations for appointments are restricted to persons between the ages of 21 and 27 years. A candidate's personal aptitude and fitness count for much, although he must pas* a physi cal and professional test. The latter examination covers such subjects as English grammar, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, surveying, geography, his tory and the constitution. The lowest position is that of second lieutenant, in which the salary is ?1,400 a year. New Post Office Ruling. Third Assistant Postmaster General Madden is preparing a new rule which will permit circu lars and other mail matter calling for one cent each to be carried without affixing the usual stamp. This will be of great advan tage to advertising houses and large institutions that desire to send out circulars in bulk. It will also help merchants send a great many small articles in with Stamps. the mail. According to the plan of Mr. Madden, this sort of matter can be sent out in bulk instead of sticking a stamp on each circular. The whole package can be weighed and the amount of postage due paid at the point of trans mission. In speaking of the new regu lation, Mr. Madden says: "Of course we will continue to sell onft-cent stamps and they will have a limited use for mailing merchandise. But nine-tenths of all one-cent stamps heretofore sold have been used by busi ness firms that send out large quanti tes of circulars and which will now pay the postage due by chock. This law will break up the business of a lot of Faglns who keep 'stamp fences' in the large cities. Business men are con stantly explaining about thefts of one-cent stamps by office boys and messengers who dispose of them at reduced rates to crooks. We think the adoption of the bulk law will pift a stop to this petty thieving." Then He Said It. It was 11 p. m. and Slowboy had at last made up his mind to propose. "Miss Marbleton—er—Clara," he be gan, "I am about to say something that I should have said some time ago. Look into my eyes and tell me if you—er— cannot guess what it is." "You look as sleepy as I feel, Mr. Slow boy," answered the fair daughter of Eve, as she tried in vain to strangle a yawn, "so I guess you must be going to say 'good night.' "—Cincinnati En quirer. THEIR RELATIONSHIP. "Can never be my wife, eh? Ah, 1 suppose you'll say, but you'll be a sis ter to me, though." "No I'll be a daughter to you, be cause you have been a popper to me." •—Chicago Chronicle. The Story of a Sage. He had a most inquiring mind No query would he shirk. He just Investigated, But never did much work. —Washington Star. Slakes All the Difference. "I want a policeman to come over and shoot my dog," said a man to the sergeant in charge of the police sta tion. "Whose dog is it?" "Mine." "Your dog? The one you wouldn't let us shoot when he bit a neighbor's boy?" "Yes, but it's different now." "How so?" "He bit me."—Cleveland Plain Dealer Perpetual Warfare. Mrs. Egerton Blunt—But why did you leave your last place? Applicant—I couldn't stand the way the mistress and master used to quar rel, mum. Mrs. E. B. (shocked)—Dear me! D:d they quarrel very much, then? Applicant—Yes, mum when it wasn't me an' 'im it was me an' er.— Tit-Bits. Fifteen Minutes Slow. The clock struck nine. I looked at Kate, Whose lips were luscious red. "At a quarter after nine I mean To steal a kiss," I said. .', She cast a roughlsh look at me, And then she whispered low. With Just the sweetest smiie: "That clock Is fifteen minutes slow." -Tit-Bits. FAITH IN ART. The Boy—Say, mister, are you an artist? The Man—Certainly, little boy. The Boy—Den I wish you'd get busy en' paint me a hen ter sit on dese eggs.—Chicago Chronicle. Hard to Understand. The campaign orator doth come, And think with dire dismay That spite of all his speeches some Will vote the other way. —Washington Star. Proud of Her Hubby. Mrs. Littlewit (proudly)—Only just think! Charles has gone to address a public gathering. Friend—I didn't know he was a speechmaker. Mrs. Littlewit—Nor I but he's been called upon to make a statement be fore a meeting of,his creditors.—Tit Bits. An Incentive. "What a beautiful lawn you have!" "Yes," answered Mr. Nagley's wife, "my husband keeps it that way." "He must be very industrious." "Yes. He never misses a day with his lawn mtvrer although I could scarcely get him to touch it until the neighbors began to complain about the noise it made."—Washington Star. Remarkable. Parson White—Mistah Jotinsing** vehy peculiar. Brudder Jones—Yes, indeedy. He'fl r&dder work dan ^fl|arried.—Lif*. No Other Alternative. Editor (to author, who has been read ing something to him)—Well, I should not care to pronounce an opinion upon it, for, to tell you the truth, I am no great judge of poetry. Author (eagerly)—But, my dear sir, it is not poetry, it— Editor (interrupting)—Pardon me, but it must be, for it certainly isn't prose. —Ally Sloper. The Latest Arrivals. Stern Merchant—How is it that you are so late this morning, Mr. Quiver ful? Quiverful—Very sorry, sir, but I was up all night with the boys. Stern Merchant—What? Spend a night in dissipation, at your age,- too? Quiverful—Oh no, sir I was allud ing to the twins.—Ally Sloper. He Knew. Teacher—What is it that our Chris tian people should spread through tho world? Tommie—I don't know, ma'am. "What is it we send to the heathen through our missionaries?" "Pennies, ma'am."—Yonkers states man. Prepared. Mrs. Sweetly—My daughter, you know, has just graduated from music school. Did you enjoy her piano recital last evening? Mr. Bluntly—Oh, yes. I was born near a boiler factory, and my mother always said I inherited a fondness for noise— Detroit Free Press. Borrowed Time. If time is money, you can bet A nickel or a dime That there arc people in this world Who live on borrowed time. —Yonkers Statesman. STRAIGHT FROM SHOULDER. The Cad—Don't you think many in teresting people come to this place? The Maid—I do not. You're only the third one I've met.—St. Louis te public. Mean. Husband—My, but I wish I had your tongue. Wife—So that you could expres3 yourself intelligently? Husband—No so that I could stop it when I wanted to.—Detroit Free Press. Wasted Opportunities. Slowboy—Am I to understand that you regard me only in the light of a friend, Miss Swift? Miss Swift—Well, it isn't my fault if you—cr— don't know enough to turn down the light.—Cincinnati Enquirer. Model of Propriety. Fred—Miss Upperten is the most cir cumspect young lady I ever met. Joe—What's the answer? Fred—She refused to accompany me on the piano the other evening without a chaperon.—Cincinnati Enquirer. Wasn't in a Hurry. ou can take the medicine either in tablet or liquid form," said the phy sician. "Which would you prefer?" "Well," replied the patient, may give me the kind that kills slowest."—Cincinnati Enquirer. 'you tho At the Consultation. First Doctor—Then we decide not to operate. Second Doctor—Yes. What do you think we ought to charge hiia for decid lng not to operate?—Brooklyn Life. Of Course. Mrs. Blither—Well, Mrs. Shrew, and how do you find things now Mrs. Shrew (spitefully)—Why, by looking for them, of course. How would you think?—Ally Sloper. A Bad Case. Kind Lady—Why, how did you get out? Escaped Convict—Well, yer see, mum, dey all had smallpox, an' 1 broke out Judge^ Joys of Wedlock. "We may as well come to an un derstanding right now," said the an gry husband. "It may be hard for you to hear the truth from me, but—" "Indeed it is," interrupted the pa tient wife, "I hear it so seldom from you."—Cincinnati Enquirer. Quite a Success. "They say her wedding beggared scription." "Oh, more than that!" "Indeed?" "Yes. It beggared her father."—Tl: JjBita. A SUGGESTION FROM OHIO Durability and Usefulness of a Wire Fence Depend on the Brac ing of End Posts. The matter of putting in end posts is a very important factor in the con struction of wire fences. On passing along different farms in observing fences, as a general rule, you will see that the anchors have been pulled up by the drawing of the fence, or are leaning. I present a plan which I have used and find it to be very satisfac tory. The posts that I have used have been white oak. and walnut, having se cured them from the farm. Posts are about ten inches in diameter. The main post, as will be seen by cut, is placed in the ground four and one half feet and two two-by-fours spiked across the bottom. I then fill with WOW* BRACING END POSTS. dirt to the top of these two-by-fours and tamp in solid. I then fill in about one foot of small stone. Dirt is then put in and tamped solid to the top. The other post is set in the ground four feet and dirt tamped solid around it. The ^race is put in about one foot from the top of the back post, and about the same distance from the ground on t'le front post. Wire is then placed around posts as seen in the cut and twisted tight. If the posts are put in in this way and the fence is drawn tight, there is never any danger of the posts pulling out or leaning, and the fence will always be tight. In- connection with building fence I conceived the idea of using the bars of section knives for supports for fence. Of course it may not be easy for every one to secure these, but I think they can be purchased from almost any junk dealer. The bars with the projection where the pitman fastens are from five and ono-half to seven feet, depending on length of cut of the mower or binder. The knives are removed, and where the pitman fastens I put a bolt or piece of iron about one foot long through hole. I then place this in the ground as deep as the fence will allow. (The length of fence and length of bar de termining this.) Then fasten the bar to the fence by wiring through the holes where the knives have been re moved. I fasten about three places, top, middle and bottom. This makes an excellent and cheap support, as hogs cannot raise the fence and go under. This may not be a new idea to some, but I have never seen it used elsewhere.—Harry J. Greer, in Ohio Farmer. A NEW USE FOR DYNAMITE Eastern Orchardists Uses the Explos ive for Digging Holes for Trees He Wishes to Plant. The use or dynamite to lift trees and stumps out of the ground is quite com mon, but here is a man who uses it in the planting of his trees, claiming that it not only saves much labor, but im proves the condition of the soil as well. Writing in the Rural New Yorker he says: "Get your trees in time, and heel them in, never leaving the roots exposed to sun or wind. When ready to set (hav ing trees heeled in), first dig the holes, and, if the soil is stiff clay or hard pan, I would use dynamite to make the holes, as it thoroughly loosens up the soil and makes a fine bed for the roots. To use dynamite, take one-fourth stick of 50 to CO per cent., with cap and fuse. Take crowbar and make hole about 16 inches deep. Drop in the one-fourth cartridge with fuse, and kick dirt tight around fuse at top of ground. Light the fuse and 'light out.' It will cost only four or five cents each for digging In this way, and the soil will be in better tilth and it is play instead of hard work. When holes are ready, take one tree at a time. Trim the roots where they are mangled, and cut oft enough of the top to balance. Set tree in and work around the roots. As you fill up, tramp the soil, so that when you are done the tree will be as lolid as a post." Neglect of Milk Utensils. It is no wonder that some of our milk men continually have trouble with their mflk, judging from the way the cans and other milk-holding vessels are neg lected. One item of this neglect is the taking hom from cheese factories of whey, in the same cans that brought the milk and leaving the whey in the cans almost to the time when the cans are wanted again. Cans should not be used carrying whey at all, but, if so used, they should be emptied as soon as re ceived at the farm house and thoroughly washed at once.—Farmers' Review. The manure-coated cow is a proof that her owner is in the wrong business. Occupation* STORING FRUIT IN CAVES. Apples Can Be Kept There with L_i Average Loss Than in Cold Storage Houses. Some years ago fruit growers thought that the introduction of cold storage would revolutionize the busi ness and about do away with ordi nal cellar storage. They belieVe% that early apples could be kept in cold storage throughout the fall season, and thus come into competition with the winter apples. While great suc cess has been had with refrigeration, the average farmer will still have mo cause to change from the old-fash ioned cellar method, if he uses com mon sense a^J care in preserving hill apples. In a properly constructed and well managed cellar, fruit and vegetables 3 should keep all winter. Farmers should bear in mind that it does not huit apples to freeze, so long as they are buried deep enough to prevent thawing before springtime. It is wise to put on a mulch of straw or litter, after the ground is frozen, to prevent the fruit from thawing during a warm spell. Generally I would say a cave is more desirable than a cellar. A well-bricked cave arched over and nicely cemented will not cost too much for the average farmer. The satisfaction of such a storage house will fully repay the ex tra work and expense. Good results are obtained by sub earth ventilators. In caves these are made as deep as the nature of the ground will permit, preferably so th* top of the ventilator will not be above the level of the ground. Tiling should be laid from some point that is sev eral rods from the cave it should en ter at the bottom of the cave, and be so constructed as to act as a drain in case water should seep into the cellar.^1 Tiling should be large enough to allow a good inflow of air, and a good open ing should be maintained for the ex clusion of foul atmosphere in the cave. By the use of this system of ventilation, outside air is cooled and circulated in the cave while all im- 7 purities are carried off. If a farmer— cannot see his way clear to build such a storage cave, his cellar should be opened in the fall, when the air is cool, and closed when the weather is yet warm. The cellar should be kept tightly closed during" warm and windy days of the fall. My experience has been that apples stored in a well con structed cave may be kept with less average loss than in cold storage, and certainly at a greatly reduced cost.— G. H. Van Houton, in Orange Judd Farmer. MAKING OF GOOD VINEGAR Some Authentic Information on Topic in Which Many Farm ers Are Interested. Bulletin 182 of the North Carolina ex. periment station tells about the rnakins of vinegar thus: Take sound barrels, or any suitably. sized vessels of wood, earthenware glass—never iron, copper or tin. Clean thoroughly and scald. Fill, not more than half full, with the cider stock, v: which should have fermented at least one month. To this add one-fourth it» volume of old vinegar. This is a very necessary part of the process, since the vinegar restrains the growth of the chance ferments which abound in the air, and at the same time It favors the» true acetic acid ferment. Next add to the liquid a little "mother vinegar." If this latter is not at hand, a fairly pure culture may be made by exposing In a shallow, uncovered crock or wooden pail a mixture of one-half old vinegar and one-half hard elder. The room where this is exposed should have a temperature of about 80 degrees F. In three or four days the surface should become covered with a gelatinous pelli cle, or cap. This is the "mother vine gar." A little of this carefully removed with a wooden spoon cr stick should' be laid gently upon the surface of the cider prepared as above described. Doi^ not stir it in. The vinegar ferment^ grows only at the surface. In three days,%i£s the cap should have spread entirely over/^l the fermenting cider. Do not break this cap thereafter so long as the fermenta tion continues. If the temperature is right the fermentation should be com plete in from four to six weeks. The vinegar should then be drawn off. strained through thick white flannel', and corked or bunged tightly, and kept"''*"" in a cool place until wanted for con sumption. If the vinegar remains tur bid after ten days, stir into a barrel one pint of a solution of one-half pound of isinglass in one quart of water. As soon as settled, rack off, and store In tight, vessels. Usually no fining of vinegar is needed. No pure cider vinegar will keep long in vessels exposed to the air"1' at a temperature above 60 degrees F. "Vinegar eels" are sometimes trouble some in vinegar barrels. To remove these, heat the vinegar scalding hot, but do not boil. When cool, strain through clean flannel, and the "eels" will be re-* moved. Despite all attempts, the cannot create a successful el Too liberal feeding of coo' btem will produde Jy*""" 1 Vf Arsenate of Lead Solution. Arsenate of lead, now being used as a substitute for Paris green, and which has proved to be less destructive to the foliage and to possess superior ad hesive qualities, is prepared as follows: Dissolve 11 ounces of acetate of lead i' (sugar of lead) in four quarts of warm soft water in a wooden pail, and four •Sr~ ounces of arsenate of soda (50 per cent. purity) in two quarts of water in an other wooden pail. These solutions are sufficient for 150 gallons of water in fighting the codling-moth.—Farm andS^iv Fireside.