GOSSIP OF XBN AND EVENTS AT
OUR DIPLOMATS IN KOREA
They Are ttie Predominating Influ
ence in the Hermit Kingdom
Condition of Gorman—West
ern Boys for the Navy.
Washington. American influence
promisee to be a dominating factor in
the affairs of Ko
rea, the Hermit
Stevens, a loyal
but for some 20
years in the diplo
matic service of
Japan, lias been
selected as the dip
lomatic advisor of
the Korean gov
ernment. His head
quarters will be at
Seoul, the capital,
where is stationed
Hon. Durham White I
Another American, Horace N. Allen,
the United States minister. While a
representative of this government, Mr.
Allen's influence with the Korean gov
ernment is perhaps greater than that
of any other foreigner or any of the
king's court. As Japan has practical
suzerainty over 1'orea, Mr. Stevens
will virtually be the minister of state to
that country. With an American in
such an influential position and with
such an influential man as Mr. Allen
for minister, it will be strange if the
United States does not receive first
consideration in all matters of interna
Mr. Stevens is one of the most ac
complished diplomats of Washington
and is probably as well posted on great
international questions as My other
man, not excepting Secretary of State
John.,Hay. It is undoubtedly due to
his wise counsel to the Japanese min
ister that the atmosphere in official
Washington changed so materially in
favor of the Japanese when the trouble
between Japan and Russia broke out.
He was able skillfully to have the Jap
anese side of the controversy presented
and understood here, and his long ex
perience in the diplomatic service en
abled him to steer his minister and the
legation attaches clear of any compro
mising or embarrassing situations. Mr.
Stevens is a genial, companionable
gentleman and quite a favorite in offi
cial circles. While he has served the
Interests of Japan fuilhf'.'lly he is s'ill
a staunch American and will be abl$
without any disloyalty to the govern
ment that engages him to serve the In
terests af the United States.
a Popular Official.
much regret among the
Joe Miller that he
was not nominated
for congress in tne
Fifth West Vir
ginia is tr t.
Identified with the
two Cleveland ad
Miller was one of
the most popular
public officials of
those eight years.
He is a large, fat,
Enjoyed Sport on the with a fund ol'
Potomac. good stories that
been labeled "Joe Miller's Joke Book."
He was a great favorite of President
Cleveland, and of all of Cleveland's
intimate advisers. He represents that
element in West Virginia democracy
and it was thought that his character
and political probity would win him
the democratic nomination in his home
district, but those who believe iu more
practical methods than he were suc
cessful. The average West Virginia
politician does not believe in handing
nominations to men "on silver'plat
When Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Miller
were in office in Washington they were
boon companions on many a fishing
trip. The waters of the Potomac above
the capital city are famous for the
small mouth bass. Few of the Potomac
fishermen were better acquainted with
the haunts of this fish than President
Cleveland and Commissioner Miller
and in the spring and fall months,
when the fish are biting freely, these
two would slip off quietly, engage na
tive boatmen and enjoy the sport to
the fullest extent. There was great
rivalry among the newspaper corre
spondents in securing stories of these
fishing jaunta, but both of the dis
tinguished sportsmen were usually ret
Jcent as to the size of their catch.
Condition of Goraiaji.
Some anxiety is felt in Ifcfe circle of
Senator Arthur Pue GormaiTs' frtends
over the condition
of the distidglftgh
ed Maryland dem
ocrat's health. His
this year has been
a matter of much
comment and has
attributed to indif
ference. Mr. Gor
man is not in phy
sical condition to
to enter as actite
ly into political
work as in the past.
Just what his ailment is no one with
knowledge will disclose, but it Is
known that under his physician's or
ders he kept away from the national
democratic convention at St. Louis and
declined the offer of the chairmanship
of the democratic national committee.
His illness does not show in his per
sonal appearance. His face is full, but
colorless, as it always has been. His
smile is as genial and his manner as
cordial as ever.
in heeding the advice of his physi
cian Senator Gorman displays a wis
dom that has not characterized some of
his associates in public life in the past.
One of his warm friends, although po
litical opponents, and one of the great
est political leaders of the last genera
tion was Senator Quay of Pennsyl
vania. Mr. Quay was ailing for years
before his death, but was never amen
able to the advice and orders of his
physicians. He ignored their regula
tions concerning diet, ate heartily of
forbidden dishes and finally paid the
penalty. Another great political leader
Senator Hanna of Ohio, was almost
equally careless of his health. He dis
regarded the doctors' advice even up
to the beginning of his last fatal ill
It is believed that the example of
Senators Quay and Hanna and other
men in public life, who have succumb
ed to diseases that might have been
fought off, influences Senator Gorman
in caring for his health. Mr. Gorman
Is in his sixty-eighth year, but well
preserved in mind and body and with
care ought to live many years. He has
always lived a temperate life, except
in the expenditure of nervous force and
physical energy in political work. Now
that the latter threatens his health he
is restricting his efforts in the face of
ciiticism that he is not heartily sup
porting his party's ticket.
Want Naval Officers.
Experience in the navy has devel
oped the excellence of western brawn,
muscle and brain
in the service. A
of the enlisted
men in the navy
come from the
western states, but
is anxious to have
more of the same
at a a
officers. There are
07 vacancies In the
grade of second
lieutenants in the
marine corps and
the secretary is desirous that most of
them be filled by western boys. The
appointments will be made by the
middle of November and the presi
dent agrees with his secretary that the
west is entitled to a big share of
During the last year there have been
about 50 appointments of lieutenants
in the marine, corps and the naval reg
ister shows that at least seven-eighths
of the appointees came from eastern
states. The majority of them are from
Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, New
Jersey, Virginia and the District of
Appointments to the marine corps
are now considered very desirable po
sitions in the navy. Formerly this
branch of the naval service did not
have the standing of the line and en
gineers. It has become exceedingly
popular, however, since its brilliant
achievements in Cuba, the Philippines
and in China. It has been greatly In
creased since the breaking out of the
war with Spain and the corps now
embraces something like 8,000 men
and officers and will probably be
increased a couple of thousand more
The examinations for appointments
are restricted to persons between the
ages of 21 and 27 years. A candidate's
personal aptitude and fitness count for
much, although he must pas* a physi
cal and professional test. The latter
examination covers such subjects as
English grammar, arithmetic, algebra,
geometry, surveying, geography, his
tory and the constitution. The lowest
position is that of second lieutenant,
in which the salary is ?1,400 a year.
New Post Office Ruling.
Third Assistant Postmaster General
Madden is preparing a new rule which
will permit circu
lars and other
mail matter calling
for one cent each to
be carried without
affixing the usual
stamp. This will
be of great advan
tage to advertising
houses and large
desire to send out
circulars in bulk.
It will also help
send a great many
small articles in
the mail. According to the plan of Mr.
Madden, this sort of matter can be sent
out in bulk instead of sticking a stamp
on each circular. The whole package
can be weighed and the amount of
postage due paid at the point of trans
mission. In speaking of the new regu
lation, Mr. Madden says:
"Of course we will continue to sell
onft-cent stamps and they will have a
limited use for mailing merchandise.
But nine-tenths of all one-cent stamps
heretofore sold have been used by busi
ness firms that send out large quanti
tes of circulars and which will now pay
the postage due by chock. This law
will break up the business of a lot of
Faglns who keep 'stamp fences' in the
large cities. Business men are con
stantly explaining about thefts of
one-cent stamps by office boys and
messengers who dispose of them at
reduced rates to crooks. We think the
adoption of the bulk law will pift a
stop to this petty thieving."
Then He Said It.
It was 11 p. m. and Slowboy had at last
made up his mind to propose.
"Miss Marbleton—er—Clara," he be
gan, "I am about to say something that
I should have said some time ago. Look
into my eyes and tell me if you—er—
cannot guess what it is."
"You look as sleepy as I feel, Mr. Slow
boy," answered the fair daughter of
Eve, as she tried in vain to strangle a
yawn, "so I guess you must be going to
say 'good night.' "—Cincinnati En
"Can never be my wife, eh? Ah, 1
suppose you'll say, but you'll be a sis
ter to me, though."
"No I'll be a daughter to you, be
cause you have been a popper to me."
The Story of a Sage.
He had a most inquiring mind
No query would he shirk.
He just Investigated,
But never did much work.
Slakes All the Difference.
"I want a policeman to come over
and shoot my dog," said a man to the
sergeant in charge of the police sta
"Whose dog is it?"
"Your dog? The one you wouldn't
let us shoot when he bit a neighbor's
"Yes, but it's different now."
"He bit me."—Cleveland Plain
Mrs. Egerton Blunt—But why did
you leave your last place?
Applicant—I couldn't stand the way
the mistress and master used to quar
Mrs. E. B. (shocked)—Dear me! D:d
they quarrel very much, then?
Applicant—Yes, mum when it
wasn't me an' 'im it was me an' er.—
Fifteen Minutes Slow.
The clock struck nine. I looked at Kate,
Whose lips were luscious red.
"At a quarter after nine I mean
To steal a kiss," I said. .',
She cast a roughlsh look at me,
And then she whispered low.
With Just the sweetest smiie: "That clock
Is fifteen minutes slow."
FAITH IN ART.
The Boy—Say, mister, are you an
The Man—Certainly, little boy.
The Boy—Den I wish you'd get busy
en' paint me a hen ter sit on dese
Hard to Understand.
The campaign orator doth come,
And think with dire dismay
That spite of all his speeches some
Will vote the other way.
Proud of Her Hubby.
Mrs. Littlewit (proudly)—Only just
think! Charles has gone to address a
Friend—I didn't know he was a
Mrs. Littlewit—Nor I but he's been
called upon to make a statement be
fore a meeting of,his creditors.—Tit
"What a beautiful lawn you have!"
"Yes," answered Mr. Nagley's wife,
"my husband keeps it that way."
"He must be very industrious."
"Yes. He never misses a day with
his lawn mtvrer although I could
scarcely get him to touch it until the
neighbors began to complain about
the noise it made."—Washington Star.
Parson White—Mistah Jotinsing**
Brudder Jones—Yes, indeedy. He'fl
r&dder work dan ^fl|arried.—Lif*.
No Other Alternative.
Editor (to author, who has been read
ing something to him)—Well, I should
not care to pronounce an opinion upon
it, for, to tell you the truth, I am no
great judge of poetry.
Author (eagerly)—But, my dear sir,
it is not poetry, it—
Editor (interrupting)—Pardon me,
but it must be, for it certainly isn't prose.
The Latest Arrivals.
Stern Merchant—How is it that you
are so late this morning, Mr. Quiver
Quiverful—Very sorry, sir, but I was
up all night with the boys.
Stern Merchant—What? Spend a
night in dissipation, at your age,- too?
Quiverful—Oh no, sir I was allud
ing to the twins.—Ally Sloper.
Teacher—What is it that our Chris
tian people should spread through tho
Tommie—I don't know, ma'am.
"What is it we send to the heathen
through our missionaries?"
"Pennies, ma'am."—Yonkers states
Mrs. Sweetly—My daughter, you know,
has just graduated from music school.
Did you enjoy her piano recital last
Mr. Bluntly—Oh, yes. I was born near
a boiler factory, and my mother always
said I inherited a fondness for noise—
Detroit Free Press.
If time is money, you can bet
A nickel or a dime
That there arc people in this world
Who live on borrowed time.
STRAIGHT FROM SHOULDER.
The Cad—Don't you think many in
teresting people come to this place?
The Maid—I do not. You're only
the third one I've met.—St. Louis te
Husband—My, but I wish I had
Wife—So that you could expres3
Husband—No so that I could stop
it when I wanted to.—Detroit Free
Slowboy—Am I to understand that
you regard me only in the light of a
friend, Miss Swift?
Miss Swift—Well, it isn't my fault if
you—cr— don't know enough to turn
down the light.—Cincinnati Enquirer.
Model of Propriety.
Fred—Miss Upperten is the most cir
cumspect young lady I ever met.
Joe—What's the answer?
Fred—She refused to accompany me
on the piano the other evening without
a chaperon.—Cincinnati Enquirer.
Wasn't in a Hurry.
ou can take the medicine either
in tablet or liquid form," said the phy
sician. "Which would you prefer?"
"Well," replied the patient,
may give me the kind that kills
At the Consultation.
First Doctor—Then we decide not to
Second Doctor—Yes. What do you
think we ought to charge hiia for decid
lng not to operate?—Brooklyn Life.
Mrs. Blither—Well, Mrs. Shrew, and
how do you find things now
Mrs. Shrew (spitefully)—Why, by
looking for them, of course. How
would you think?—Ally Sloper.
A Bad Case.
Kind Lady—Why, how did you get
Escaped Convict—Well, yer see, mum,
dey all had smallpox, an' 1 broke out
Joys of Wedlock.
"We may as well come to an un
derstanding right now," said the an
gry husband. "It may be hard for you
to hear the truth from me, but—"
"Indeed it is," interrupted the pa
tient wife, "I hear it so seldom from
Quite a Success.
"They say her wedding beggared
"Oh, more than that!"
"Yes. It beggared her father."—Tl:
A SUGGESTION FROM OHIO
Durability and Usefulness of a Wire
Fence Depend on the Brac
ing of End Posts.
The matter of putting in end posts
is a very important factor in the con
struction of wire fences. On passing
along different farms in observing
fences, as a general rule, you will see
that the anchors have been pulled up
by the drawing of the fence, or are
leaning. I present a plan which I have
used and find it to be very satisfac
tory. The posts that I have used have
been white oak. and walnut, having se
cured them from the farm. Posts are
about ten inches in diameter. The
main post, as will be seen by cut, is
placed in the ground four and one
half feet and two two-by-fours spiked
across the bottom. I then fill with
BRACING END POSTS.
dirt to the top of these two-by-fours
and tamp in solid.
I then fill in about one foot of small
stone. Dirt is then put in and tamped
solid to the top. The other post is
set in the ground four feet and dirt
tamped solid around it. The ^race
is put in about one foot from the top
of the back post, and about the same
distance from the ground on t'le
front post. Wire is then placed around
posts as seen in the cut and twisted
tight. If the posts are put in in this
way and the fence is drawn tight,
there is never any danger of the posts
pulling out or leaning, and the fence
will always be tight. In- connection
with building fence I conceived the
idea of using the bars of section
knives for supports for fence. Of
course it may not be easy for every
one to secure these, but I think they
can be purchased from almost any
The bars with the projection where
the pitman fastens are from five and
ono-half to seven feet, depending on
length of cut of the mower or binder.
The knives are removed, and where
the pitman fastens I put a bolt or piece
of iron about one foot long through
hole. I then place this in the ground
as deep as the fence will allow. (The
length of fence and length of bar de
termining this.) Then fasten the bar
to the fence by wiring through the
holes where the knives have been re
moved. I fasten about three places,
top, middle and bottom. This makes
an excellent and cheap support, as
hogs cannot raise the fence and go
under. This may not be a new idea
to some, but I have never seen it used
elsewhere.—Harry J. Greer, in Ohio
A NEW USE FOR DYNAMITE
Eastern Orchardists Uses the Explos
ive for Digging Holes for Trees
He Wishes to Plant.
The use or dynamite to lift trees and
stumps out of the ground is quite com
mon, but here is a man who uses it in
the planting of his trees, claiming that
it not only saves much labor, but im
proves the condition of the soil as well.
Writing in the Rural New Yorker he
"Get your trees in time, and heel them
in, never leaving the roots exposed to
sun or wind. When ready to set (hav
ing trees heeled in), first dig the holes,
and, if the soil is stiff clay or hard pan,
I would use dynamite to make the holes,
as it thoroughly loosens up the soil and
makes a fine bed for the roots. To use
dynamite, take one-fourth stick of 50
to CO per cent., with cap and fuse. Take
crowbar and make hole about 16 inches
deep. Drop in the one-fourth cartridge
with fuse, and kick dirt tight around
fuse at top of ground. Light the fuse
and 'light out.' It will cost only four or
five cents each for digging In this way,
and the soil will be in better tilth and it
is play instead of hard work. When
holes are ready, take one tree at a time.
Trim the roots where they are mangled,
and cut oft enough of the top to balance.
Set tree in and work around the roots.
As you fill up, tramp the soil, so that
when you are done the tree will be as
lolid as a post."
Neglect of Milk Utensils.
It is no wonder that some of our milk
men continually have trouble with their
mflk, judging from the way the cans
and other milk-holding vessels are neg
lected. One item of this neglect is the
taking hom from cheese factories of
whey, in the same cans that brought the
milk and leaving the whey in the cans
almost to the time when the cans are
wanted again. Cans should not be used
carrying whey at all, but, if so used,
they should be emptied as soon as re
ceived at the farm house and thoroughly
washed at once.—Farmers' Review.
The manure-coated cow is a proof
that her owner is in the wrong business.
STORING FRUIT IN CAVES.
Apples Can Be Kept There with L_i
Average Loss Than in Cold
Some years ago fruit growers
thought that the introduction of cold
storage would revolutionize the busi
ness and about do away with ordi
nal cellar storage. They belieVe%
that early apples could be kept in cold
storage throughout the fall season,
and thus come into competition with
the winter apples. While great suc
cess has been had with refrigeration,
the average farmer will still have mo
cause to change from the old-fash
ioned cellar method, if he uses com
mon sense a^J care in preserving hill
In a properly constructed and well
managed cellar, fruit and vegetables 3
should keep all winter. Farmers should
bear in mind that it does not huit
apples to freeze, so long as they are
buried deep enough to prevent thawing
before springtime. It is wise to put on
a mulch of straw or litter, after the
ground is frozen, to prevent the fruit
from thawing during a warm spell.
Generally I would say a cave is more
desirable than a cellar. A well-bricked
cave arched over and nicely cemented
will not cost too much for the average
farmer. The satisfaction of such a
storage house will fully repay the ex
tra work and expense.
Good results are obtained by sub
earth ventilators. In caves these are
made as deep as the nature of the
ground will permit, preferably so th*
top of the ventilator will not be above
the level of the ground. Tiling should
be laid from some point that is sev
eral rods from the cave it should en
ter at the bottom of the cave, and be
so constructed as to act as a drain in
case water should seep into the cellar.^1
Tiling should be large enough to allow
a good inflow of air, and a good open
ing should be maintained for the ex
clusion of foul atmosphere in the
cave. By the use of this system of
ventilation, outside air is cooled and
circulated in the cave while all im-
purities are carried off. If a farmer—
cannot see his way clear to build such
a storage cave, his cellar should be
opened in the fall, when the air is
cool, and closed when the weather is
yet warm. The cellar should be kept
tightly closed during" warm and windy
days of the fall. My experience has
been that apples stored in a well con
structed cave may be kept with less
average loss than in cold storage, and
certainly at a greatly reduced cost.—
G. H. Van Houton, in Orange Judd
MAKING OF GOOD VINEGAR
Some Authentic Information on
Topic in Which Many Farm
ers Are Interested.
Bulletin 182 of the North Carolina ex.
periment station tells about the rnakins
of vinegar thus:
Take sound barrels, or any suitably.
sized vessels of wood, earthenware
glass—never iron, copper or tin. Clean
thoroughly and scald. Fill, not more
than half full, with the cider stock, v:
which should have fermented at least
one month. To this add one-fourth it»
volume of old vinegar. This is a very
necessary part of the process, since the
vinegar restrains the growth of the
chance ferments which abound in the
air, and at the same time It favors the»
true acetic acid ferment. Next add to
the liquid a little "mother vinegar." If
this latter is not at hand, a fairly pure
culture may be made by exposing In a
shallow, uncovered crock or wooden
pail a mixture of one-half old vinegar
and one-half hard elder. The room
where this is exposed should have a
temperature of about 80 degrees F. In
three or four days the surface should
become covered with a gelatinous pelli
cle, or cap. This is the "mother vine
gar." A little of this carefully removed
with a wooden spoon cr stick should'
be laid gently upon the surface of the
cider prepared as above described. Doi^
not stir it in. The vinegar ferment^
grows only at the surface. In three days,%i£s
the cap should have spread entirely over/^l
the fermenting cider. Do not break this
cap thereafter so long as the fermenta
tion continues. If the temperature is
right the fermentation should be com
plete in from four to six weeks. The
vinegar should then be drawn off.
strained through thick white flannel',
and corked or bunged tightly, and kept"''*""
in a cool place until wanted for con
sumption. If the vinegar remains tur
bid after ten days, stir into a barrel one
pint of a solution of one-half pound of
isinglass in one quart of water. As soon
as settled, rack off, and store In tight,
vessels. Usually no fining of vinegar
is needed. No pure cider vinegar will
keep long in vessels exposed to the air"1'
at a temperature above 60 degrees F.
"Vinegar eels" are sometimes trouble
some in vinegar barrels. To remove
these, heat the vinegar scalding hot, but
do not boil. When cool, strain through
clean flannel, and the "eels" will be re-*
Despite all attempts, the
cannot create a successful el
Too liberal feeding of coo'
btem will produde Jy*"""
Arsenate of Lead Solution.
Arsenate of lead, now being used as a
substitute for Paris green, and which
has proved to be less destructive to
the foliage and to possess superior ad
hesive qualities, is prepared as follows:
Dissolve 11 ounces of acetate of lead i'
(sugar of lead) in four quarts of warm
soft water in a wooden pail, and four •Sr~
ounces of arsenate of soda (50 per cent.
purity) in two quarts of water in an
other wooden pail. These solutions are
sufficient for 150 gallons of water in
fighting the codling-moth.—Farm andS^iv
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