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NSW AND OLD POLITICAL CAM PAIGN METHODS COMPARED. GROWTH OF PRESS BUREAU Days of Spellbinder Not Yet Passed— Xlagniflcent Driveway Proposed to Mount Vernon—Question of Drinking Water. Washington.—One thing seems to have been developed in this year's am pa a that is a change in electioneering is change has been gradual during the past dozen years, but in this na tional campaign more marked than ever before. The 1 brass band, torchlight proces sions, and barbe To Excite Public In- CUe style of Cam" terest. Paign is not fol lowed, as it for merly was, but the excitement and hurrah of such uemonstrations are re served for the last few weeks or days before the election. Twenty or 80 years ago, and even before the war, there were months of campaign excitement, and political gatherings were held throughout the country, where issues were fought over, pre tented and refuted, and the voters talked to for the purpose of conver sion. So far this year it has been dem onstrated that the voters of the coun try take little interest in the public addresses, and in the old-style "joint debates," by means of which political doctrines were formerly disseminated. It has been demonstrated that these only attended public meetings who are interested in sending noted men, and hearing the oratory of noted speakers. They do not attend to hear arguments, and care little for what Is presented on either side. They go to public meetings to be entertained and diverted. This change has been fully grasped by the political man agers of the two great parties, and they are directing their efforts to edu cate the people by other means. They liave not abandoned altogether the public gatherings, the barbecues, inarching clubs and torch-light pro cessions, but provide for them more as a means of exciting public interest than making political converts. s4ftn Chairman Babcock, erf the repubiic- congressional campaign committee, declares that the most effective work Is now done on election day, not ille gally, in the way of bribery or ftny .fraudulent work, but by persistent personal efforts in getting out Indlvld nal voters. The Political PreisBurtiau. 1 11 Political managers of the republican and democratic headquarters believe that the highwater mark in campaign expenditures has been passed. Nei ther party expects to spend so much this year as in former national campaigns. This is due largely to the ha in public mind re gardingpolitics. It is not necessary The New Political t0 Spend much Educator. money the spec tacular as former ly, and while a corps of spell-binders will traverse the country from one «ad to the other, there will not be so much dependence placed upon their efforts. The national managers have learned that the establishment of rural free delivery and the extension of sub urban trolley systems have been the greatest aids in the dissemination of general knowledge in the past ten years. They have aided in the polit ical .education of the country by giv ing the rural population daily mails, and of this the national committees have taken due advantage. They send out dally brief pamphlets on political topics, which the farmer and work men can read in a few minutes. They have a corps of newspaper writers at headquarters, who furnish to th-j smaller daily newspapers editorial matter and news letters of a political character, so that the claims of each party are constantly before the eyes of the public. The public is a closer reader than ever before, and for this reason has about made up its mind on political questions before the cam paign orators swing around the circle with their speeches. Spellbinder Still with Ue. It is too much to say that the day of spellbinders has passed, especially when the array of oratorical talent, most of which is produced from of ficial circles fn The Washington, is considered. Con gress furnishes the largest corps from which these pub lic speakers are drawn. The cab inet circle con tributes a num ber, and other branches of the Spellbinder Plys His Trade. furnish some eloquent government speaking. The democrats draw from ucongre&g, as well as do the republic-1 1 iM "'""""Hi niYLnnwAjr ans, and rely to a great extent upon ex-office holders tor their debaters. Wherever these' nen go, whose names are household words on account of their prominence in public life, there is sure to be an interested audienco to listen to them. Speaker Cannon, of the house, draws immense throngs, as does Bourke Cockran, easily the first orator on the democratic side of the house. Senator Fairbanks, vice presidential candidate on the re publican ticket, and ex-Senator Davis, the vice presidential candidate on the democratic ticket, are always sure oi a hearing. When it comes down to a heart-to heart talk with the horny-handed sons of the soil, Secretary of Agri culture Wilson takes the prize. His value as a campaigner is so well es tablished that he was one of the very first to receive assignment for work in the field. The old gentleman is a Scotchman by birth, and he has never lost the burr from his tongue. He speaks with a broad accent, and is pos sessed of plenty of quaint Scotch hu mor, that is keenly appreciated by the people. He draws his illustrations from nature, and when he gets right down to an earnest talk with his au dience he comes nearer making votes than any other speaker on the politi cal platform. He is a good mixer, and when he goes around among his au dience after the speaking is over, shakes hands with the farmers, and asks about their crops, at the same time giving some shrewd suggestions regarding the same, he iust about captures the rural crowd. National Avenue to Mount Vernon. In the recent agitation ior improv ing apd beautifying Washington and surrounding his toric territory, the attention of many patriotic organiza tions has been called to a scheme for the construc tion of a national avenue connecting the Arlington cem etery with Mount Vernon, the home of the immortal Washington. This Proposed Road to Alt. ldea was flrst Vernon. gested Such a project, if carried to com pletion, would mean a perfect ^and handsome driveway from Washington City to Mount Vernon, and it is be lieved would become exceedingly popu lar in addition to its historic signifi cance. There is now a splendid road from the limits of the city to Arling ton cemetery, the ancient home of the Custises and the Lees. Adjoining Ar lington is the military reservation of Fort Myer, now one of the best-ap pointed military posts in the country. If the avenue of the 13 original states were built, It is suggested tht memorial arches and other means of perpetuating the history of the flrst confederation could be built, and the driveway be lined with shade trees representative of the various lat itudes, as nearly every form of tree will flourish in these parts. The Question of Drinking Water. The city of Washington has been greatly stirred this summer on the question of whole some, healthful in in a How Epidemics of ty phoid fever in various parts of the country have called the atten tion of the people to methods of if in a supplies. In the a a partment are noted Washington Is ®c'entists, whose Threatened. business it is to study means of conserving the public health. These learned gentleman have experimented a great deal, and are satisfied that they have discovered a safe and cheap method in the use of copper sulphate. They do not want to force their rem edy upon the people, but they have been hinting very strongly that the District of Columbia offers a field for a trial of their discovery. They want to put this copper sulphate in the city reservoirs, and' they also recommend that for simple drinking purposes wa ter be placed in copper vessels and al lowed to stand a few hours. The district authorities, however, do not take kindly to the suggestions of the government experts. They de clined to allow the copper sulphate experiment to be "tried on the dog." They have ignored the recommenda tion regarding the use of copper ves-r sels, and when the public schools opened a few days ago they Insisted that the children be irrigated with boiled water. This, they claim, is the only practical method so far found of exterminating germs. They have supplied the schoolhouses with old fashioned tin wash boilers, in which the water to be used by the children is boiled. Now come the government experts with a cry of horror that wa ter boiled in these tin vessels, contain ing a large percentage or lead, is poi sonous, and so the controversy goes on. §111111 TWO DAINTY WAISTS. su£- by Gen. Corbln two or three years ago, and has been dis cussed to some extent since. It is just 13 miles from the boundary lines of Arlington national cemetery to the old Mount Vernon mansion. The way lies along an elevated ridge, bordering the Potomac, from which a beautiful view of that noble river and surround ing country can be had. The idea as it has been discussed is for the states now representing the 13 original colo nies each to take in charge one mile of this avenue, build the road, and suitably beautify it. should be well equipped for concerts or theater-going, as well as for quiet even ings at home. Of the two blouses shown in our sketch, the one on the left is the more suitable for smart occasions, since in addition to its elbow sleeves, it is cut a little low in the neck in that pretty, round shf pe which is always so becom ing to a young girl's figure. This blouse should be made either in white or in cream soft satin, according to whether it wMl be worn with a white or a cream colored skirt. The satin is cut as if for a low bodice, and then arranged with gathers and box pleats upon a lining of soft batiste, covered with Valenciennes lace and insertion. From under the lace, round the upper part of the bodice, the lining is cut away, so that the lace is left transparent, but if the wearer should be at all suscepti ble to cold this need not be done, as the bodice is quite sufficiently smart if the lining reaches all the way up. A pretty arrangement consisting of small straps of stitched satin, fastened with tiny gold buttons should be noted, as it helps to hold the box pleats In place. The elbow sleeves are box pleated in the same way as the bodice itself and finished very prettily with frills of Valenciennes lace. The deep waist belt should be of Louls ine silk ribbon, and can be either white or colored as preferred. The second blouse, of which we give an illustration, is a most successful ex ample of a young girl's evening bodice, which is quite high to the throat, but which is nevertheless smart enough for almost any occasion. The blouse in question is made in soft white muslin, embroidered in white, with little sprigs of flowers. The muslin is so arranged that the embroidered edge (which Is worked In the same way as the fashion able broderie anglaise), comes down the front on either side of the center, so that it borders a little inner vest of mirror velvet. This can be arranged in any color that happens to suit the wearer, but I would suggest a deep orange for a dark girl, and rather a Those who invest in really good furs of three-quarter length get value for their money, and do not pay more for style than for the skin, as is the case sometimes when but little fur is used in A BOLERO IN SEALSKIN AND CHIN CHILLA, WITH MUFF TO MATCH. a model. The warmth and comfort of three-quarter coats will be appreciated in the days to come. The amount of fulness in these basques and the trim ming of the same, show the vogue of the later Empire. Many trimmings, apart from Turs, are used, such as silk, embroideries, encrustations _of velvet, beautiful laces anfltfill kinds of buttons and clasps.. .^cjS Fashions for M&.deifi<siselle f-r: ITH the gaieties of the early winter season in view, any new and pretty suggestions for evening blouses are nat urally most welcome to Mademoiselle, as she proba bly knows by experience that one or two of these dainty blouses will be simply invaluable to her between now and Christmas. Last year's skirts in soft white silk, perhaps, or even in voile or alpaca, where economy is an object, can easily be pressed into the service, and will not need much in the way of renova tion beyond perhaps a visit to the clean ers. With a choice of one or two dainty waist belts, and those charming blouses which our artist has specially designed and which may be seen In the accom panying illustration, Mademoiselle bright, real turquoise blue for a fair girl, as being shades that are sure to be becoming, and also to look well at night. Prevailing Fashions in Furs A:RIS.—What strikes one about the fashions of the coming winter is the extraor dinary amount of trimming used one also notes the prevalence of three-quarter and Dlrectoire coats, and the astute mixing of totally different furs with ex cellent results. si. The little space left open at the neck, above the vest of mirror velvet, is filled in by a transparent chemisette of finely tucked white silk muslin. This blouse is arranged in quite a new way, with a number of flat pleats on the shoulders, the sleeves being draped round the arm, and reaching only to the elbows, where they are finished with kilted frills of plain white silk muslin to match the chemisette. A pretty waist belt of soft white satin completes this blouse, drawn down to a long point in front and fas tened on one side with small rosettes, made to imitate the leaves of flowers, and wired invisibly to keep each separ ate piece in shape. An embroidered silk frock for a small girl about nine or ten years of age may be seen in our other illustration. In white silk, with the rounds of embroid ery worked, in pale shades of blue or pink, this would'make a nice little party dress, or even a rather uncommon kind of frock for a small bridesmaid. The same idea might also be expressed very successfully in soft cashmere, for a win ter best dress, with the rounds of trim ming carried out in silk braid, and matching exactly the color of the cash mere. In this latter case, the lace yoke might be replaced by a tucked or gath ered chemisette of soft silk, arranged in the same shade of color as the waist belt, which might either contrast with the cashmere, or match it, as preferred, Among the prettiest of the new hats for girls, suitable for every day wear, there are some particularly pretty -V«\ ~S. wmm Saps ffiltv |ssg&i 3* f!* 1 A- 1 AN EMBROIDERED SILK FROCK. French sailor shapes, made In rough hairy felt with white crowns and brims in various colors, trimmed quite simply with knots and folds of velvet, and one or two quills. Very suitable also for the same purpose are the hats in smooth felt, with the brims turned up all the way round, and the crowns draped with folds of silk or velvet, which are drawn up into two big choux, one on each side of the front. The three-cornered Mar quise hats in felt will also be very much worn by girls this winter. ELLEN OSMONDE. The sleeve of the Dlrectoire coat fits rathe* voluminous cuffs, turned back or falling over the hands these cuffs are generally of contrasting fur or embroid ery of some bright color. The much trimmed fur coat is a notable feature of the early autumn fashions. And now to tell you of the favorite skins. Chinchilla almost threatens to outrival Russian sable, so popular has it become but we may put these two furs first on the list. Caracul in black, white and gray will struggle for popularity, all black and all white being the most popular. Moleskin is somewhat at a dis count, though, it is still used for beauti ful coats, li^ed or trimmed with ermine. The latter fur will be almost as much used as chinchilla as a trimming for glorious opera wraps, and mink, too, will be used for the same purpose, as well as for day wear. Among the lesser furs, musquash '.s being dressed in a new way to resemble sealskin, and Russian fox is wonderfully imitated. Bear, too, I hear, will be used in various forms, and pony skin, for motor coats, has been brought to perfec tion by means of dyeing and dressibg. We now have it in lovely soft tones of brown and gray, and it is cosy to the touch—very different from the ugly whitey-brown color and harsh texture of the motor coats of two or three win ters ago. In fact, so beautiful has pony skin become that it may be made into delightful three-quarter coats and worn with plain cloth skirts of the same shade. There will be the usual rage for while fox, which is so extraordinarily becom ing to some people. Sealskin, mixed with ermine, will have a certain share of popularity. Fur edgings will be a great deal used —ermine, chinchilla and sable edgings on velvet gowns and coats and mink, astrachan and caracul on cloth and Drwr- tical frocks. Many Americans are fa voring. these edgings and boleros of gray Persian lamb. ANNETTE1 OIRVY ADVICE FOR A BEGINNER. Everything in the Poultry Business Depends on Getting a Suc- ^r[, cessful Start. fill "I am starting a poultry business here and I have sufficient ground to raise all my feed (excepting fresh meat), and wish some suggestions as to what is best to raise. I have corn, oats, Kaffir corn, sweet corn and sorghum planted I have 2S acres of tillable land. Also, how many hens per rooster for breeding purposes give best results? Also, how much fresh meat per 100 fowls, and how often should it be fed? How shall I divide my running yards? Also, would it be advisable to place house and running yards in an old orchard?" To the above inquirer Mr. L. E. Keyser replies in the Ohio Farmer as follows: You have a sufficient variety of foods when the grains are supplement- mm -wm £2 POULTRY HOUSE AND YARD. ed with meat and green food. Wheat and buckwheat are superior to sweet coru and sorghum, if as easily grown. Cabbage, mangel-wurzels, etc., should be grown for green food in winter. I prefers mangels, as they are less diffi cult to handle and store. A ration composed of a mixture of the grains named, with green food and meat, should be divided about as follows: Whole and ground grain, 55 per cent. green food, 30 per cent. animal food, 15 per cent It is best to feed meat every day, giving about four and one half pounds to each 100 fowls. If you can secure fresh bones from the butcher and have a bone cutter, this is probably the best meat supply. If bones are difficult to secure, feed a good grade of beef scraps. The number of females to one male varies with the different breeds. For the lighter and more active breeds, such as Leghorns, 20 Plymouth Rocks, 15 to 20 Brahmas. 10 or 12 are safe numbers. W" In locating a poultry plant it Is a great advantage to have the houses -.U face the south or southeast. House room 12x14 is sufficient for 25 fowls, and the yards 24x100 feet are also about right for this number. Your plan is good if the houses all face the south. The runs may extend from the north side if desired. An old or chard is an ideal place for locating a poultry plant, and is especially valu able as a run for growing stock. An other excellent plan is to have houses in the middle of the runs, making them 50' feet deep on each side of house. The accompanying plan is a good one. Houses are 10x32 feet, divided into two pens each 10x16, holding 25 fowls each. Yards, 22x50 two to each pen one in front and one in rear of house. The hens can be allowed to oc cupy both yards, or may be confined to one yard while a forage crop Is growing in the other. Portable fence may be moved from one side to the other, thus saving half the cost of fence and leaving the ground on one side of the houses clear for cultlva tion. The houses all face the south. This plan may be extended to accom modate any number of fowls. HELPFUL POULTRY HINTS. Disinfectants are better than disease. A boiled egg which' is done will dry quickly on the shell when taken from the kettle. Wooden floors close to the ground attract the damp from the earth, and are always moist. The dust heap aids materially to cleanse the feathers and skin from ver min and inpurities. The eggs from hens by themselves will keep good three times as long as those that are fertile. Sell off the surplus cockerels and do not retain the late-hatched pullets, as they will not lay until spring. In feeding fowls at any time, whether in confinement or not, give only so much as thev will eat up clean.—American Tnbune. for Hg- Where fowls are kept^ytfnied they do not often have the amount of yard room that should be given them. On our farms restrictions of this kind are not necessary, as land is worth too small a price to make it necessary to lessen the amount the fowls should have. The small amount allotted to the poultry is ofton due to the cost of fenc ing. But the larger the yard the less the cost of fencing. If no top rail is used, four feet will be found high enough for a wire fence, if the yard is of good size. The smaller the yard the higher will the fence have to be, as the smaller the yard the more strenuously will the fowls try to get out of it.— Farmers' Review. TIME FOR WEANING COLTS.i How to Bring the Foals Through a* Serious Period of Existence with Perfect Success. The season for weaning foals is at hand and it is time to make preparation, therefor, if such preparation has not al ready been made. The colt should be! taught to eat grain and be fed regularly s6 that it will learn to depend upon the feed rather than upon its mother's milk. Under such conditions there will be much less fuss OD the part of both mare and colt when the latter is finally re moved, and the change will have less effect upon the growth and condition ofi the colt, as it is extended over a long period and effected gradually, says the Prairie Farmer. It will be well, too, to have the coltJ halter-broken before it Is taken away from Its mother. At no time can it be more readily taught to stand tied or to lead than when by the side of the dam. Even if the colt is to run loose in a sh ?d or box during the winters until it is old enough to work, the halter-breaking at this time should not be neglectecl. The colt will never forget it and when ready to go into harness will be much more tractable because of the early lessons. Again, it is often necessary to handle the colts during their, growing period for the purpose of trimming the feet or dressing wounds that have been acci dentally Inflicted and in such cases it Is a very great advantage to have them well halter-broken. ,£ The colt should be liberally fed on nourishing, growing food during Its first winter, as its development the first year, determines largely the kind of a horse It will make. After the first year It will get along very well on' coarser and cheaper feed than some other kinds of stock, but it should have of the best during the flrst year. While it should have a liberal grain ration the colt should not be fed too much corn. Muscle and bone making feeds such as oats and bran are better suited to its needs. A mixture of corn, oats and bran make an excellent grain ration for the colt. With good clover or alfalfa hay for roughage, the bran may be dispensed with, and a larger proportion of corn used with satisfac tory results. HORSES THRIVE ON SILAGE But, Says an Indiana Man, It Must Be Fed Judiciously and with zlr'siWSiM Some Care. When silage was first introduced many cases of sickness in horses were reported, and it was then thought silage was not suited for horses under proper care, hewever, good silage is a safe and valuable food for horse3. When beginning to feed silage, allow the animal to become accustomed to the food by degrees, as this is as im portant as when changing from old tot new-corn or from hay to grass, the flrst feed give a small amount, and •. Increase gradually as the animal's ap petite and condition of bowels may In dicate. Silage makes a good roughage for horses when used in connection with hay or stover and grain. Silage is also a good feed for hogs and lias been found to be economical to use ia conjunction with corn as a main te nance iation, but not so if used alone. All good silage contains a lt.rgo amount of corn and if a large ration of corn is given besides, it often pioves dangerous and gives bowel trouble. Hogs fed from 28 to 35 popnds of sil age and 14 to 21 pounds of corn on the cob per week can be kept ill good' condition through the severe winter. By using silage the feeder save& one third in the cost of feed. Silage is considered a cheap maintenance ration for carrying brood sows over winter, and not for fattening.—Agricultural Epitomist. CONVENIENT HOG TROUGH. Arrangement That Is Handy Because It Can Be Cleaned Without the Pigs Interfering. -....'.y.-v Make a common shaped trough or heavy solid lumber. Make a swing gate of 2x4 tim ber and one 1 inch boards. Take 2 1-4 inch boards 12 inches wide: by 4 on an or 2 in in 3 inches from ends. Hang the gate oy nailing boards to each end of trough. Attach a latch so that the gate can be held on either side of trough. Place the trough in hog lot fence. When yoCT go to feed, push the gate from you and latch it. Clean out the trough and put in the feed. Now pull the gate to you so hogs can eat. This arrangement is handy, for the trough can be cleaned oj feed mixed without hogs interfejt C. B. Robinson. Windmilllfade at Home. It may bejbtfut by setting an upright post, supporting an upright shaft, hav ingjt^fiub on top, carrying three hori zontal arms, to each of which are hinged light rectangular frames, covered with heavy muslin or light canvas, regulated to swing in one direction only, from horizontal to perpendicular. The sails are carried with wind at right angles to it, and return edgewise against the wind. The post may lean two feet at the top, so as to shorten the connection of the upper box with It. The lower bearing may be in a post set even with the ground, under the upper bearing. The pulley, four feet in diameter, secured near the bottom of the shaft, may nava a smooth, true groove for rope band burned into its circumference by a crow- I bar, its one end resting in a hole in post, the other in hand, whili the mld-i^? die, in contact with the wheel, is red#!-? hot.—Albert Daily, In St Louis GloUi-f'® Democrat. ..