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LIGHTNING RODS GOOD.
(Continued from page 2) whereby the surcharge of electric force in the air may be conveyed safely to the earth. Can this be done? I am very positive in the conviction that it is within human power to greatly lessen, if not wholly prevent, loss of life and property by lightn *ing strokes. What man has done man may do. The fact that electrical power is now generated and applied in all civilized countries affords sufficient evidence "that this tremendous energy is sub jcet to human control. In this coun try there are more than 300.000 men employed in producing and control ing electrical force, in all the varied forms of application to human service. They directly handle, and use with almost absolute safety, electric cur rents fully equal in power to ordinary single discharges of lightning in our average thunderstorms. And fatal ities are of ver^ rare occurrence be cause the men use adequate means of protection. By the same use of safe guards, though under somewhat dif ferent conditions, we may ward off lightning stokes. At Niagara Falls a small percent tage of the immense water power is uaed in the generation of electric force, which is conveyed by insulated copper cables 75 miles to run factories and illuminate cities, without ap preciable loss of power in the trans mission. This affords ample proof of what may be done by well constructed metalic conductors. If the cables used in the transmission of electric cur rents in operating cars and running factories at long distances, were as defective in construction as are many of the lightning rods on buildings, there-would be the same measure of unbelief about the utility of electric power that we hear expressed con cerning the value of lightning rods. To be valuable in either case the con ductors must be constructed scientifi cally. There are hundreds of thousands of miles of telegprah lines, and long distance telephone lines in this county which are generally well protected from damage by lightning but oc casionally some damage is done to their instruments and offices by in ordinately heavy discharges beyond the capacity of ordinary safety ap pliances to control. That fact, how ever, does not justify the conclusion that it is not worth while to use means for the protection of their lines. The same holds true as to oc casional failure of lightning rods on buildings to protect from damage by overflow in cases of unusally heavy shocks of lightning. If it an be prov en that protecting rods on buildings are efficacious as against the greater number of storms, then the case is established as to their value. The fact should be understood that barns and other buildings are sometimes fired and burned to the ground by very light electric flashes, while it often happens that very heavy bolts of lightning crash through a structure without causing a flame. It is "cer tainly worth while to protect from harm by the light discharges, even if we do not completely guard against the occasional heavy ones. A well constructed lightning rod. having a good point and continuity of connection from roof to the moist earth below, performs a two-fold office: First, conducting the electric charge to the earth, and second, pre venting a disruptive discharge by neutralization of the cloud electrifica tion. The point above the roof is about as essential a^ the rod reaching the ground below. The chief defects of all rods are blunted points and. breaks in the connection of the rod with moist earth. In ihs state, during the six months from April 1st to October 1st, the greater part of the rainfall comes with thunderstorms. In the mid summer period the weather office re cords show the prevalence of thunder storms in some portions of the state nearly every day. And for this reason it is true that in the insurance of farm buildings and ii.ve stock the chief element of hazard'is the des tructive effects of lightning. If that could be eliminated the assessments paid by farmers to mutual insurance associations would be relatively light. This is especially true as to live stock, the loss of which by lightning constitutes the heaviest burdens of the farmers. The investigations carried on by the State Associations of Farmers' Mutuals show that about two-thiras! of the animals killed in the fields by lightning were in close contact with wire fences. And it is well known that the larger portion of this might have been prevented by the use of ground wires. In this connection it may be well to inquire as to the use of this means of protection of the wire fences. About how large a percentage of the members of the farmers' mutuals use ground wires on their wire fences? If tbe farmers do not use ground wires, what reason do they give for the omission? Is it because of un belief. or just pure shiftlessnees? Statistics show that the risks of loss of life and property by lightning were five-fold greater in farming dia- tricts than in the cities and larger towns. The reason is that in the cities a large measure of protection is afforded by the network of wires and the amount of steel and other metal used in the construction of buildings. And this fact is evidence in support of the increased use of pro tecting rods and wires on the farms. In my opinion it would be well for farmers to use metallic roofs on their barns, with points above tlie ridges, and rods or strips of metal connecting with the moist earth. In time to come, when lumber becomes scarcer and dearer, there will be a larger use of steel and concrete in the construc tion of all buildings, and then loss by lightning will be reduced to a very small percentage of the present amount of destruction. At a meeting of the British Asso ciation for the Advancement of Science, Sir William Thompson made the remark: "If I urge the Glasgow manufacturers to put up lightning rods they say it is cheaper to insure than to do so.'' This would undoubt edly be the answer of many farmers who leave their buildings and wire fences wholly unprotected. They say: "O well, what's the use of bothering about rods or ground wires: we may not be hit by lightning, and we are insured anyway. It's cheaper to in sure." Now that is bad in point of moral ity and economy. It is not square dealing for a man to lay upon his fel low members the burden of loss that may result from his gross negligence. All that a man may rightfully claim of others in tha same association is indemnity for loss he could not pre vent. And it is not good economy to incur risk of loss and depend upon in surance for reimbursement. Every member of an association carries a considerable share of risk, unless his property is grossly overinsured. As a rule it is true that the amount of indemnity received does not equal the loss sustained, in cases of destruction of property by fire or lightning. Every contract of insurance im plies, legally and morally, that the man insured shall faithfully use all possible means to prevent loss of his property. He who comes in court to claim indemnity, should come with clean hands and a good conscience. And then. also, there is hazard of human life, as well as property, by failure to provide safeguards against fire and lightning. In violent electric storms dwelling houses are safer than barns, and a man or animal is safer from lightning in a house or barn than in the open or under a tree. And in a well rodded. or metal-roofed building of any kind, there is well nigh absolute safety of both life and property. This is so well attested by experiment that it seems to be almost criminal obstinacy or recklessness when people do not avail themselves of the means of self-protection. ATTRACTION AT BOYD THEATRE, OMAHA, NEB. Klaw & Erlanger's collossal pro duction of Gen. Lew Wallace's "The Prince of India "will be the great attraction at Boyd's Theater. Omaha, the entire week of February 11th with Wednesday and Saturday mat inees. "The Prince of India" written by Gen. Lew Wallace, author of Ben Hur", and presented by Messrs. Klaw & Erlanger (the producers of that world-famous spectacle.) excels its predecessor from almost every point of view. While adhering to the reverent atmosphere which domi nated"Ben Hur". it is a more inter esting story, largely because of the greater dramatic possibilities. The Fifteenth Century at the time of the brief struggle between the fanatic Moslem tribes led by the war like Sultan, Mohammed, against the Greeks of Eastern Europe under Byzantine. Emperor Constantine, gives opportunity for study and war like episodes, the culmination being the attack upon and the fall of Con stantinople. then the Christian Cap itol of Greece, a scene vividly depict ing the awful carnage of that memor able battle, showing as it does the terrible conflict between the opposing armies, with their mailed and armor ed hordes, armed with lances, spears, scimitars, shields and other warlike implements of offense and defense peculiar to the time. This remark able scene utilizes the services of an enormous number of people, and is beyond question the apex of all anima ted stage pictures. There are twelve other magnificent scenic views in "The Priiice of India", the most marked being'the "Princess Irene's Palace at Therapia." the "Audience Chamber ot the Emperor Constan tine." the remarkable moving pano rama of the storm-ridden Bosphorus, and the massive golden-domed in terior of the Church of Sancta Sophia. The cast of "The Prince of India" embraces such prominent names as William Farnum. Emmett Corrigan. Boyd Putman, Adelaide Keim, Mar shall Farnum and Julie Heme. During the "Prince of India" en gagement. there will be special ex cursions on all roads entering Omaha. For Sale—Fine Plymouth Rock Cockerels. M. Wiblishauser, "Deni son. 4-tf. THE DENISON REVIEW, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1907 A NEW FIRE ALARM SYSTEM Denison Will Soon Be Equipped With Modern Apparatus. Denison is about to be equipped with an up to date automatic fire alarm. This system which is ^bout to be installed is one of the latest fire alarm systems and especially suited to the needs of a city the size of Den ison. It consists of an automatic striker and an indicator. The striker is run by a weight and is so constructed that it is operated by an electric current, and can be so arranged that it can be operated from one or more stations. The indicator is also operated by electric current. There is placed in the engine house an indicator having a range from five to thirty-five ^points on it. another box of like description will be placed in the central office, and the operator when a fire alarm is turned in will place the indicator so it will point to the proper district and connect the current and the indicator in the engine room will show the firemen in what district the fire is. This,apparatus is expected to ar live in the near future and will be installed by* Mr. J. F. Glenn, mana ger of the Crawford County Telephone Exchange and the alarm will be oper ated from their office. In case of fire, any one discovering the fire can call up the ceniral over the Crawford County telephone and tell the operator where the fire is and they will set the indicator and start the striker. This will be of great value to the firemen because when they reach the engine house they can look at the indicator and find in what part of the city the fire is. Fire Chief C. C. Kemming has been directed by the city council to locate all of the fire hydrants and to make a chart of the city dividing it into thirty districts. He has already made a draft of the chart and divided the city into districts. This is so made as to enable the firemen when a fire alarm is turned in to locate the part of the city in which the fire is, they are so arranged as to show the fire men what hydrant to connect to in each district The districts in the business part of the city are small and the firemen will be able to tell almost exactly where the fire is and they can make the run for the proper hydrant. This svstem will be of great value to the firemen as here has always been trouble to tell where the fire was after they had reached the engine room and were ready to make the run. This will save them the uncertainty and also make their ssrvices more valuable as they can be more prompt. There will be placed in the engine room, a large chart of the city showing the fire districts and the pro per way to approach each one and what fire-hydrants can be used to the best advantage in each district or any part of a district. Fire Chief Kemming will conduct a school for the firemen to make them familiar with the districts and to just what hydrant they must go to get the best results in each district. There will be no uncertainty, but each fireman will know where to go, and how to get there, and will be render ed all the assistance possible in doing their work. The city has needed just such a system for a long time, it will be of great value to the property owners of the city as an added protection and of great assistance to the firemen. STANDARD BRED HORSE SALE. At the Lookout farm, 34 miles west of Odebolt, Hanson & Helsell will sell at public auction on Thurs day. February 14. ten elegantly bred Standard Bred geldings, mares and colts, with fine style and action. Here's your chance to get a fine road ster, a good brood mare 01 a young stallion bred in the purple. At the same time will sell a lot of registered and full blood Aberdeen Angus cat tle, including seven good bulls al so 12 good dratt geldings and mares, and 13 bred Poland China sows. Leon Cassady was a business caller in Omaha this week. Chas. Smith foreman of the Bulletin printing office has resigned his posi tion to take effect Feb. 15th and ex pects to leave Denison in two or three weeks. As yet he has not de cided where he will go. The mail has been late, nearly every morning this week, on account of the cold weather. One good thing at least comes out of the coldness, people do not have to get up so early to look over their morning mail. Last Saturday quite a crowd gathered in tront of the Crawford County Bank, to witness the sale of a horse, at public auction. But, as no one would bid more than $25.00 and the owner would not sell at that price the horse was not sold. M. Morgan, editor of the Manilla Republican, was in Denison on busi ness last Tuesday. While in town he inspected the presses and other machinery used in the Review print ing plant and pronounced it the finest in the county and one of the best in this part of the state A LENTEN LETTER. ?v (Published by Request) Dear Parishioners and Friends: February 13th is the first day of Lent (Ash Wednesday). This holy season of Lent again calls us to turn aside for a little while from the press ing cares and activities of life, that we may enjoy its manifold opportuni ties to rise to a permanently higher plane of Christian discipleship. The Church invites us. as. faithful sons and daughters, to obey Lent's call to "come apart and rest awhile," that by special acts of devotion and dis cipline, we may grow in grace and become more like Him who offered Himself as willing sacrifice for our sin. As we are about to enter upon this season of holy privilege it is well that we should seriously consider the question how we may gain the greatest spiritual benefit from the observance of these forty days. Of themselves, all the increased attend ance upon the Church services and all the other means of spiritual improve ment can avail nothing, unless there be an earnest personal desire to know more of God's will and a not less sin cere determination to follow in His footsteps more closely. This should be to us a special time for self-examina tion and prayer. Let us ask our selves whether our religion is" reall.y deep and sincere, whether our chief desire is too serve Christ above all else whether we truly deny ourselves and take up our cross for His sake whether we are one year better pre pared, one year spiritually stronger, than we were last Lent, whether we have been growing in grace: whether we are daily striving to be more like our Master. Lent will be a blessed season to us if we thus hail its dawn, and regularly and faithfully take ad vantage of all of its privileges. We need it to stir up our spiritual life and how earnestly we ought to use ife Permit me to offer you a few sugges tions as to the prayer observance of Lent. To follow Jesus you must know Him. read therefore the lessons of each day and the Gospel «nd Epistle for each week. Study one of the Gospels systematically and read good devotional literature as you have the opportunity. Attend if you can all the services of the Church and care fully prepare for each reception of the Holy Communion. Be more fer vent and more frequent in your own private devotions. Pray for others as well as yourself. Sieze every op portunity to do good, visit the sick, seek out those in need and give to them, be considerate and gentle in your own home, strive to make as many happy as lies in your power. Believe more fully in His sacrifices and promises. Discover your besett ing sin and determine to overcome it. Try to put aside every bad habit and root out every vice. Abstain from innocent pleasures and places of amusement. Crucify the flesh and its lusts, by fasting and practising self denial. If any are estranged from you, forgive and seek reconciliation. Lay aside something daily for the Easter offering, and let it represent an act of denial and a willing offering for Jesus sake. A Lent so observed will bring you a real and permanent blessing and make your Easter a mound of privilege to your souls. Your Friend and Rector. Arthur Pratt. COMING: THE BANKERS' CHILD. Harry Shannon's Powerful Comedy Drama, which made such a big hit the past five seasons will be seen at the Opera House Thursday Feb. 14. The play has been rewritten, and more comedy added. While the story remains the same. Little Flossie Perry, the bright little star of the company, is even better than ever, wnile Little Pauline Perry keeps the house bub bling with her comedy role. These lit tle sisters are only 5 and 6 years of age. It will be well to secure your seats at once at Johnson's book store. Notice of First Meeting of Creditors In the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of Iowa. In the matter of Miles M. Brad bury. in bankruptcy. To the creditors of Miles M. Brad bury of Manilla in the County of Crawford and District aforesaid, a bankrupt. Notice is hereby given on the 30th day of January A. D. 1907. the said Miles M. Bradbury was duly adjudi cated bankrupt: and that the first meeting of his creditors will he held at my office in Council Bluffs. Iowa, on the 16th day of February A. D. 1907, at 10 o^plock in the forenoon, at which time the said creditors may attend, prove their claims, appoint a trustee, examine the bankrupt, and transact such other business as may properly come before said meeting. it -4 '-'.' W. S. Mayne, 6-lt Referee in Bankruptcy. The next attraction at the Opear House is guaranteed in every respect and is the strong Comedy Drama "The Banker's Child," put on by Harry Shannon and company on Thurs day Febr. 14th. Fine specialties, elegant costumes, special scenery and a very strong acting company, and entertainment worth seeing. Popular pricea, "The cars are sent out with a mis sionary. who frequently is accom panied by his wife, and are side tracked while in the town. They have living quarters for the mission ary and an audience room capable of seating from eighty to a hundred and forty people,, the newer cars being larger and more commodous than those first built. A library of books, papers and railroad magazines, an or gan and a graphophone form the us ual equipment. Often people come from ten or fifteen miles away to at tend services, and in a few instances the townspeople have laid side walks that the car may be easily reached. When it is ,remembered that in smaller communities the church is fre quently not only the guide and teach er in all higher life, both spiritual and intellectual, but the only social center as well, it will be understood what a blank has been filled by these itinerating chapels. "The cost of running six cars aver ages $15,000 a year, and all the cars are built and maintained by voluntary offerings. Some railroads have built a special side-track for the car. and on one occasion, never to be forgotten, a track was laid especially for the car. At another time the general manager of the road went with the car to the dedication of a church and offered finanical aid to the work in new towns. Anothar hitched the car to his special train. All these courtesies are much appreciated, but they are deserved, for it goes with out saying that when a car can in a short visit change a place so that the station agent will remain at his post when hejhas planned leaving beause of the rough element, such work is worth encouraging. AVOID SAe INTERNAL WRONGS or Pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder is to be had for the asking— Buy by name— CHAPELS ON RAILS In the Ferbruary number of the New Idea Woman's Magazine, Kath erine Louise Smith tells of the ingen ius method by which the benefits of religious teaching are being spread through many nev and sparsely set tled districts where the hamlets are too small or not sufficiently well-to-do to afford a chapel to themselves. This is by furnishing a regular railway carriage as a chapel, attaching it to a train and side-tracking it all along the line wherever it may be desired. The management is as follows: MM Alum in food causes stomach disorders—Its con tinued use means permanent injury to health. ^Following the advice of medical scientists, England and France have passed laws prohibiting its use in bread making. ^American housewives should protect their house holds against Alum's wrongs by always buying pur^ Grape Cream of Tartar Baking Powder. We have the new Duplex Spotless Sponger The only method that will sponge all classes of goods properly The Uniform Price Isv=f ,y ONLY 5 has been Mrs. John Neb., return- of Sioux City, Denver to Iowa in Denison, a few and visited with •gan of Manilla has for a divorce from her of the Republican al ind inhuman treatment. £uaate affair which we ed out of court. le Elite Lunch —ne reason why Your Gown's Dre DEPENDS ON PROPER' ill be amous CENTS A YARD The Balle-Brodersen Co. NOTlUK TO KBDUE.U ST \TK OK I OA'A I CKaWFoRD COUNTY To Mary tieury or Marv Henny. You are hemty nottiotJ that at a sale of la». una tots for taxes, vin the 1st day of uecem i.9o-. by the Tro sur»*r of Crawford Couit Iowa the following described lauds to-wii, Tbe North A'est Quar er of the North-W Quarter of the South Kust Quarter of *outh-VVest Quarter of Section 30 Townsbii ltange 40 Wet th P. W Iowa were sod t» »». Smiih for taxes of uud that the of redemptiou will exore, and a deed said laud wil» be mad* unless redempt frura su sale be nt'vit wit.htu mnty d« from the service of tills notice. Dated this ~tfth day of January 1907. MO i,. D. SMICU. PUBLIC SALE. On Feb. 9. 1907 1 will sell on the streets of Denison to the highest bri der the following property consistii of— Four head of horses, two mares, a well matched team, one 5 years ol i, weight 1600, one 7 years old weijj c" 1450 one gelding 9 years old weig a 1500. one sorrel mare 8 years I weight 1200, 3 sets of harness .e new, two lumber wagons, one ne one cultivator, one stirring pi- vE new. one 3 section steel drag, pulverizer, Rockland new. one Cant corn planter. 5-2t THOMAS PILATE. For Rheumatic Sufferers. The quick relief from pain affoir by applying Chamberlain's Pain Ba make it a favor te with suffer, from rheumatism, sciatica, la back, lumbago, and deep seated a i* muscular pains. For sale by L. Blosser, .1