Newspaper Page Text
I- This Paper- Inucd In Two Section* Scctton Two. Page* one to 6. V.'h :¥v I •M "I VOL. 50 SPRING FESTIVAL AND EVANS'SHOW Denison Fire Boys Arrange for Hold ing Spring Festival and Have Se cured Evans' Big Show. DURING THE WEEK OF JUNE 7TH Not Street Carnival, but Festival With Fifteen Big Attractions, Two Bands, Vocal Soloist*. The Denison volunteer lire boys closed a contract and made ments last week for the holding of a spring festival and show. A reprc scntatlve of the Ed A. lCvans' greater shows was in Penison Thursday and Friday and made the necessary pre liminary arrangements' with the tire men, and beginning with Monday, June 7th, wljl give a week's solid nmusement on the streets of Denison. this ib said to be a very reputable amusement ei^erprise and does not style itself as p, carnival, but rather as a festival. Recommendations from various officials of Iowa cities and ether states speak very highly of the concern, saying it is absolutely free from the vulgar and ordinary type of street carnival. There arc fifteen .splendid attractions, including a mo ^ordoiiie, carry-us-all, ferris wheel. Hawaiian entertainers, two good bands, a vocal soloist with prize band and other attractions of unusual merit The festival, is given with the sanc tion of the city council and will have the use of North Main street and Tremont ftre£l. During the week many unusual "stunts" will be pulled off, among others the crowning of the festival queen, the lucky young lady receiving a diamond ring. The Winfletyl (Kans.l Courier, of April 28th, says of the shows: "Under the auspices of the local or der of Moose tile Ed A. 10vans greater allows opened a week's engagement here lust night to good business. "The attractions are located on Main street from Eighth to Eleventh and present a very attractive appearance with the numerous fronts with myri ads of clectric lights. "The attractions are all clean, moral and refined \yiU|out a tint of immor ality or one objectionable feature. Without a doubt, tjip Evans shows are the fc^st that hiive ever paid the city !•. visit. "At 7 :"o6 all tlio attractions were op ened for public inspection and the crowd of amusement seekers Immedi ^i iitely took Advantage of the opportun .. ity by bgfetowlng a very liberal pat ronage on the various shows and rides "the Tango show featuring a troupe of native Hawaiian entertainers showed, to capacity business at each performance. This show is a distinct novelty to the show going public and is being well patronized in every town played by this company. "The feature, attraction of all and tlio one most liberally patronized last evening was the motordome, where do re devil riders rpce around the cancer of dcgjji at the rate of sixty miles an hour!' inviting death at every performance. In the Australian pur suit race three riders are in the bowl at one time making the most sensa tional and spectacular exhibition ever ,- scon here. "The Evans prize bund, V. (J. Willick loader, is an organization any com pany can well be proud of and the concerts rendered each afternoon and evening prior to the opening of the shows are well received by the public. The girl who sings to beat the band. Misb Zora Roberts, lives up to her repulation. At each concert her ren dition of popular songs receives com mendation from all." 3 DAYS ON BREAD AND WATER. Joe Bernhard Sentenced to Three Days in City Jail by Justice W. C. P. ins Saturday. Joe Ilernhard, who drifted into Den ison last week, managed to get himself into a, peek of trouble on Friday and i's a result was given three days in the city jail on a restricted diet con sisting of bread and water, by Justice Rollins on Saturday afternoon. Hernhard was loafing around the buss barn of Hilton & Larson Friday and when one of their horses died he volunteered- to bury the carcass. To i:ethor with another man they dragged tlio animal to the city dump near the Northwestern round house, where tliev were observed by Street Commissioner N. I'. Cavett covering up the carcass with rel'u«e. Mr. Cavott went at once to the scene and notified them that they would have to dig a pit several feet deep ana cover it with earth if they burled the apimal in the ehy lim its. Iiernhard diclnt' take kindly to thin suggestion, however, and made the statement th^t he wouldn't do any such thing. The street commissioner raid thai unless he complied with the request that he would be arrested and liernliard started after Mr. Cavett with a pitchfork. It was a lively chase, hut Mr. Cavett nutnged to make his escape .and liptlfied the marshal, wno v. as not long getting to the scene and placing the man under arrest. At the trialiiield Saturday afternoon iiernhard plead guilty to the charge p'aced against lilin and was given three days in the city jail on bread and water. So far the fighters of ICuropu when they capture a city have not yet put all the womien' and Hiildren to death, but no doubt that is a little detail that will not be much longer overlook ed. jrvt ,'M ... iV" 1 arrange 7v-:.<p></p>THE "Department of State, "Washington, D. May i:i, 1!»13. "The secretary of state to the Amer ican ambassador at Berlin: "Please call on the minister of for eign affairs and, after reading to him this communication, leave with him a copy. "In view of recent acts of the Ger man authorities in violation of Amer ican rights on the high seas which culminated in the torpedoing and sinking of the liritish steamship Lus itunia oil May 7, 1915, by which over 100 American citizens lost their lives. It is clearly wise and desirable that the government of the United States and the imperial Qermau government should come to a clear and full un derstanding as to tlie grave situation which has resulted. Concern, Distress and Amazement. "The sinking of the liritish passen ger steamer Falaba by a German sub marine on March 28, through which Leon C. Thresher, an American citi zen was drowned the attack on Ap ril 28 on the American vessel Gush ing by a German aeroplane: tlio tor pedoing on May 1 of the American vessel Gull'Iight by a German sub marine, as a result of which two or more. American citizens met their death and, finally, the torpedoing and sinking of the steamship Lusi tania, constitute a scries of events which the government of the United States has observed with growing con cern. distress and amazement. "Recalling the humane and enlight ened attitude hitherto assumed by the imperial German government in mat ters of international right, and par ticularly with regard to the freedom of the seas having learned to recog nize the German views and the Ger man influence in the field of inter national obligation as always en gaged upon the side of justice and humanity and having understood the instructions of the imperial German government to its naval commanders to be upon the same plane of humane action prescribed by the naval codes themselves to be obliged by the extra ordinary £ircujui£tances of the pres ent war and the measures' adopted by their adversaries in seeking to cut Germany"tiff from all commerce, to adopt methods of retaliation which go much beyond the ordinary methods of warfare at sea, in the proclama tion of a wni zone from which they have warned neutral ships to keep away. Warning of Danger Doesn't End Rights "This government has already tak en occasion to inform the imperial German government that it cannot ad mit the adoption of such measures or such a warning of danger to operate as in any degree an abbreviation of tlio rights of American shipmasters or of American citizens bound on law ful errands as passengers on mer chant ships of belligerent nationality: and that it must hold the imperial German government to a strict ac countability for any infringement of those rights, intentional or incidental. "it docs not understand the impe rial German government to question MEETS SUCCESS IN THE WEST Guy V. Whaley, Formerly of D^w City, Making Good As Educator—Grad uates From California University POSITION AS SUPERINTENDENT Vallejo, Where Mr. Whaley is Locat ed, City of 15,000 and Is a City That Does Things. The Review is in receipt of an in vitation to be present at the com mencement day exercises of the Uni versity of California, which took place oil May 12th. We note that Mr. Guy V. Whaley. formerly of Dow City, and well known over Crawford county, will receive a Master of Arts degree at that time. Mr. Whaley Is city su perintendent of the schools of Vallejo, Cali., a position lie lias held for the past three years, and we are pleased that he has just been re-elected at au advance in salary, a fact which his many friends will be pleased to learn. Mr.'Whaley is what is termed as a self-made man and lias risen to his present enviable position by hard work and sacrifice. Born at L»ow City, lie graduated from the high school of that place and later taught the rural school at No. ti, Soldier township. Coming to Denison ho at/tended the Denison normal and had charge of the college paper in con junction with Mr. Clarion Hardy, now of chautauqua platform reputation. Mr. Whaley worked his way through college here by assisting Mr. A. H. Brown in the photograph gallery and Inter graduating from the college, taught the Hell town school for a num ber of terms. Later he attended Simpson college and the Iowa State university, from which he graduated. He held the principalship of schools at Stewart. Corwith, Correctionville and ferry, and in 1910 went to Cali fornia. where he entered Pomona col lege at Claremont. and one year later entered Leland Stanford Junior uni- those rights. It assumes, on the con trary, .that the imperial government accept, as of course, the rule that the of other nations, the government of the Tuited States was loath to be lieve—it cannot now bring itself to believe—that these acts, so absolutely contrary tot he rules, and/practices, ahd the spirit of modem warfare could have the countenance or sanc Uuii.ol' that great government-. "It feels it to be its duty, therefore, to address the imperial German gov ernment concerning them with the ut most frankness and in the earnest hope that It' is' not mistaken in expecting actiou on the part of the imperial Ger man government which will correct the unfortunate impressions which have been created and vindicate once more the position of that governme'it with regard to the sacred freedom ot the seas. "The government of the United State# has been apprised that the im perial German government considered lives of noncombatants. whether they be of neutral citizenship or citizens of one of the nations at war, cannot lawfully or rightfully be put in jeop ardy by the capture or destruction of au unarmed merchantman, and recog nize also, as all others nalions do. the obligation to take the usual precau tion of visit and search to ascertain versily. From there he was chosen principal of the Riverview. Cali., un ion high school at Antioch, and was later called by telegram to the posi tion he now holds. Vallejo has a pop ulation of fifteen thousand and is lo cated on the north side ol' San Fran cisco bay. :50 miles from San Francis co. It is the city of Mare Island navv yard, tlio largest government yard on the Pacific coast. The Review takes priiie ill noting the success of former Crawford coun ty boys, of whom there are a number who have gone out and made a suc cess in the different avocations of life. In many instances these young people liavo secured their initial training by attending tlie Denison Normal & bus iness college, where their ambitions were encouraged and where the teach ings of the different instructors re sulted in much good. Keeping Up Advertising. Publicity has recently been given to the success of a St. Louis roofing concern, which in the hard times of last fall-organized a $20u."00 advertis ing-campaign. As a result so much new trade came in that their busi ness-is_. 70 per cent better than it had been the year before. In a small way this experience can be duplicated by the experience of a great many retal business enterprises. It used to he the case, that when there was husiness depression, advertising fell off. and newspapers ran fewer pages or filled up more space with plate matter. Our observation of our exchanges is to the effect that they have run just as mucli^ advertising as ever thryugh the slow business of the last year. This is because enterprising firms have realized that advertising is the mainspring of their business. When a manufacturing firm finds business flat, it does not turn off its salesmen. On the contrary it is apt to hire more salesmen, so as to cover the territory more thoroughly. The newspaper advertisement is the retail merchant's salesman, and it should he kept working all the time. THIS WEEK'S NEWS THIS WEEK, NOT NEXT WEEK. DENISON, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 19, 1915. TEXT OF PRESIDENT WILSON'S NOTE TO GERMANY Impressive and Final Protest Against Submarine Warfare on Merchant Ships WILSON PAINTED BY FILIPINO BOY. Tills remarkable oil portrait of the president is at the Pan.-ima-l'acltie exposition. It is by F. Guerrero, who hits had only one year's instruction in art and who composed the picture after studying the likeness of the president in periodicals. It represents the chief of the nation with his back to a battlefield and an olive branch in his hand. whether a suspected merchantman is in fact of belligerent nationality or is, in fact, carrying contraband of war under a neutral flag. "The government of the United States, therefore, desires to call the I attention of the imperial German gov ernment with the utmost earnestness to the fact that the objection to tlielrj present method of attack against the 4w»de of tUeJt-e.neiuies lies in tlie prac tical' impossibility of employing sub marines in' the destruction of com merce without disregarding those rules of fairness, reason, justice and human ity, which all modern opinion regards as imperative. "It is practically impossible for the officers of a submarine to visit a mer chantman at sea and examine its pa pers and cargo. It' is practically im possible for them to make a prize of it, and, if they cannot put a prize crew oil board of it, they cannot sink it with out leaving its crew and all on board to the mercy of the sea in small boats. These, facts, it is understood, the im perial German government frankly ad mi:. "We are informed that in the in stances of which we have spoken time enough for even that poor measure of safety was not given, and in at least two of the eases cited, not so much as a warning was received. Man CLASS PLAY THURSDAY, 27TB Class of 19T5, Denison High School, Will Present "All of a Sudden Peggy" at Opera House. PROFESSOR JESSUP FOR ADDRESS May Day Festival at Washington Park Friday. May 28th—Alumni Ban quet in Evening—Busy Week The graduating exercises of the Denison high school this year will in clude the usual class play, which Will be given Thursday. .May 27th, at the Germania opera house. Those of the class who will participate in tlie play have been rehearsing very diligently, and expect to have the different parts perfected and in icadiness for re hearsal in the opera house this week. Commencement week commences on Sunday, May 2:!d. when tli^ class ser mon will be given at the Methodist church by Rev. .I. L. Uoyd. Professor •lessup, of Iowa university, will de liver the commencement address on Wednesday, .May 2'Jth, at the Ger mania opera house. Mr. Jessup has a pleasing, I'onelr.l personality, is a keen thinker and ranks well among the public speakers of the state. Thursday. May 27th. is the class play, and "All of a Sudden Peggy" has been selected. This play has been given with considerable success by a number of the graduating classes throughout the state and is said to be an exceptional story. Friday, May 2Sth. is termed "May Day." aiid the exercises will take place in Washington park and will prove very interesting. In the evening the alumni banquet will be held.' Supt. C. K. Humphrey has given out the ollicia! list of graduates as fol lows: CLASS ROLL Queen Bell Flla Lemko Hugo Bottger Florence Locke Frances Boyd Vera Menagh ifestly submarines cannot be used against merchantmen, as the last few weeks have shown, without an inevi table violation of many sacred princi ples of justice and humanity. People Confident of Nation's Guard. "American citizens act within their indisputable lights in taking their ships and in traveling wherever their legitimate business calls them upon the high seas, and exercise' those rights in what should be the well jus tified confidence that their lives will not' be endangered by acts done in clear violation of universally acknowl edged international obligation, and certainly in the confidence that,their own government will sustain them in tlie exercise of llieir rights. "There was recently published in tlie newspapers of the United States, I regret to inform the imperial Ger-1 man government, a formal warning,! purporting to come from tlie imperial German embassy at Washington, ad dressed to the people of the United Slates and stating, in effect, that any citizen of the United States who exer cised his right of free travel upon the seas would do so at his peril if his journey should take him within the zone of waters within which the im perial German navy was using subma rines against the commerce of.Greijt Grace Butler Wilv Mullen Beth Chrestenson Margaret Mullen Kileen Cummings Harry Meyers Gertrude Day Grace O'Connor Fred Gary Mabel Paup Leslie Ileiden Charles Seemanu Hula Hover ICtta Stcrrett. Julia Johnson Nora Stephenson Marian Johnson Dorothy Tucker Russel Jacobsen Loyal Voss Josio Kinney Bryan Weherg Richard LalTerty Forest Watson Mary Lally Bert Williams Hertha Lehfcldt Henrietta Johnstone Carl Frederick Kuehnlc Class Motto: Nulli Secundum.' Class Cfllor: Red aiul White. Class Flower: Red Carnation. The Custom Of Carrying Canos. One of the freaks of fashion that seems particularly amusing to the philosopher, is the new feminine fad for carrying canes. Reports from women's college towns say that it has become a craze. It is true that many young men have always carried canes. Yet the habit on the masculine side seems to he declining. Formerly almost every man had his walking stick. They were so common that they furnished t'he prin cipal means of chastising the bad boy, which was commonly referred to as "caning." In most hollies today other implements have to be collected for this necessary purpose. However, woman has a way of mak ing the illogical seem attractive and charming. There is a growing feeling that mot orists should not run more than miles per hour when turning street corners. It is surprising how many engage ments at the lodge always develop at the time when the carpets have to be taken up and put down. Too bad Congress isn't in session after the Lusitania disaster, so .that the Kaiser could bo intimidated by a lot of members getting leave to print their speeches in the Record. REVIEW 4 Britain and France, notwithstanding tlie respectful but very earnest pro test of his government, the govern ment of the United States. "I !lo not refer to this for the pur pose of calling the attention of the imperial German government at this time to the surprising irregularity of a communication from the imperial German embassy at Washington ad dressed to tlie people of tlie United States through the newspapers, but only for the purpose of pointing out that no warning that an unlawful and inhumane act would be committed can possibly be accepted as an. excuse or palliation for that act or as an abate ment of the responsibility for its com mission. "Long acquainted as this govern ment has been with the character of the imperial German government and with the high principles of equity by which they have in the past been ac tuated and guided, the government of the United States cannot belfeve that the commanders of the vessels which committed these acts of lawless ness did so except under a misappre hension of the orders issued by the imperial German naval authorities. It takes it for granted that, at least with in the practical possibilities of every such case, the commanders even of submarines were expected to do noth ing that would involve tlie lives of noncombatants or the safety of neu tral ships, even at the cost of failing of their object of capture or destruc tion. Asks Reparation and Prevention. "It confidently expects, therefore, that the imperial German government will disavow the acts of which the government of the United States com plains, that they will make reparation so far as reparation is possible for in juries which are without measure, and that they will take immediate steps to prevent the recurrence of anything so obviously subversive of the princi ples of warfare for which the imperial German government has in the past so wisely and so firmly contended. "The government and tlie people of the United States look to the imperial German government for just prompt and enlightened action in this vital [.matter with the greater confidence because the'United States and Ger many are bound together, not only by special ties of friendshi. but also by the explicit stipulations of the treaty of 1828 between the United States and tile kingdom of Prussia. "Expressions of regret and offers of reparation in case of the destruction of neutral ships sunk by mistake, while they may satisfy international obligations if no loss of life results, cannot justify or excuse a practice the natural and necessary effect of which is to subject neutral nations and neu tral persons to new and immeasurable risks. "The imperial German government will not expect the government of the United States to omit any word or any act necessary to tlie performance of its sacred duty of maintaining the rights of the-. United States and its citizens and od safeguarding their free exercise and qiijoyment. BRYAN." FIRE AT LOGAN CAUSES BIG LOSS Early Saturday Morning Fire Wlpts Out Logan's Lare Department Store and Damages Others. MORE THAN $100,000,000 LOSS Fire Discovered by Two Young Ladies —Missouri Valley and Woodbine Departments Respond. Logan. May lti—In the tire that caused $l'iO.OUO damage to the Logan department store, owned by C. A. Bolt er and G. W. McCord, other buildings also suffered.- Brown's l/very barn nearby was damaged, according to estimate, to the extent of $200 the Seabury garage across the street, $2f.u: the Kennedy garage, $100 1. O. O. F. hall. $200: Belter law olliee and Price variety store, $:00, and Mrs. Boil's residence, Itobertson's law olliee and oth er property were also damaged, but the amount could not be ascertained. Fxeepting the last named, all other property damaged was insured. The explosion that occurred in the basement of the department store building shook residences a mile away, but most fortunately no one was injured: however, R. C. Ehrhardt was overcome by the heat and taken to a doctor's otlice for medical aid. The tire was discovered in the basement of the store by Misses Mary and Nora Orusdorf. The alarm was given by Arthur Orusdorf and the hose cart run out by the three when they were joined by Will Card. John Brown and other members of the tire company. Though the local company were unable to save the store, yet they prevtnted the lire from sweeping over the principal residence part of Logan. Woodbhie lire fighters responded to the call for help and the Chicago & Northwestern railway hie company at Missouri Valley came also as well as many from the surrounding coun try. Mr. Head of the Fam ily: Don't begrudge the $1.50 it costs for the Review one year. It's worth it to your family. Better Iowa School Commission to In vestigate School Conditions Makes Report of Investigation THE GREATER IOWA MOVEMENT Report Shows Very Small Proportion of Patrons Willing to Return to the Old School System. No phase of the oducational situa tion in Iowa has been receiving more attention recently than the status of the rural schools. The Better Iowa School commission appointed to investigate school condi tions and possibilities in Iowa made its report after a year of thorough careful investigation and its first recommendation was one concerning rural schools and favoring voluntary, consolidation. The wisdom of thi3 recommendation was so apparent that the next legislature, meeting two years ago, passed laws further facilitating such consolidation and granting state aid for schools thus organized. Not An Experiment. Iowa is not trying a new experiment in providing for consolidated schools for other states furnish abundant testimony of their value. Nearly every county in Indiana has such schools, many are found iu Ohio. Minnesota and North Dakota and other states aro gradually abandoning their one room schools. One can scarcely ride through any part of our prosperous state without being impressed with the need ot doing something to improve the rural schools. Years ago we saw in the country small, poor residences, cheap barns and plain little school houses as devoid of any indication of taste and care and comfort as the dwellings. Gradually large, fine barns replaced the inferior ones, up to date farm ma chinery was procured, wind mills set. up. stock improved, lands drained and good commodious dwellings began to abound. But even now nearly every country school house is of tlie satue old type as in the early days with th» same neglected looking exterior and tlie same dingy furnishings and scanty equipment as were seen when everything was on a poor, cheap scale. Working Conditions Unfavorable. If surroundings not at ail attractive nor reajjy s^nilary were all, the cauo would not bo so serious, but tlio con ditions of work are most unfavorable. The classes in mose one room schools are so numerous that according to statistics the average recitation period is only eleven and a half minutes and in many cases less, while of course classes are too small to be interesting. Competent, experienced teachers are not willing to work under these condi tions so that in the 12,500 country schools almost forty per cent of tlie teachers have had less than a years experience and generally quite indif ferent preparation. It is no wonder that so many pro gressive farmers desiring better ad vantages for their children are leav ing the farm and moving to town if they cannot bring themselves to let their children board away from home and be without home care. Remedy in Consolidation. The best remedy that has been found is tlie consolidated school and tho transportation of the pupils to and from their home by concerted arrange ment. Tlie larger taxing unit together with the state aid available furnishes *y,' a fund large enough to provide tor better school houses, properly class! lied schools, better teachers and more. adequate equipment. The greater si/o of classes affords- more stimulus und interest. The most frequent objections made are directed aguinst the increased coat and the distance of tlie school fiom some homes and the consequent long rides required. Cost and Distance. As to the flr4st. even if it be granted that the initial expense is greater than under the old und inferior system, that fact alone should not prevent improve ment in a matter of such importance. All wool goods cost more than shodtly.. blooded stock more than scrub ani mals, an automobile more than buggy, but the higher prices are cheer fully paid because the more costly"' articles are worth more and surely a school as good as an up to date town school and easily aeccssiblo is worth more than the one room country school. Moreover the better schools boar far more vitality on the welturo of the family and community than any merely material consideration. Farm Values. it has been feared by some that their farms would depreciate in value if there were no district school near" by. On the contrary the experience Minnesota is that the consolidated. school raises the price of land within its territory many dollars au acre. The other objection to the consoli dated idea viz: that on account of distance a few pupils must start from home early in the school busses and return late is not due to a fault of the system but of the organization of certain districts which have been made to embrace too much territory. Anyhow is it any worse to ride an hour or even more and arrive at school dry and comfortable no matter what the weather may be than to walk half as long a time and arrive wet and cold? The good roads movement will be an aid to consolidated schools. But the chief point is that by means of this plan we may have in rural (Continued on Page T*'0.) I II, 4 No. 20 RURAL SCHOOLS GIVEN ATTENTION '1 1 lp! '••I vw-sfl.' -i'