Newspaper Page Text
ïltf Werkty ^nlon.
1-.. W. WA.Lt.AZZ, Editor. PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDAY MORNING AT Georgetown, Delaware. TERMS QV SUBSCRIPTION: ÜÄE Copy, oxh tear, Q igpuiit invariably In advance,) - $>M# copy payment ai the elose of the year, > r OR A CLUB or TEX COPIE# to $1 00 2 00 13 00 address, Twenty copies to one adtiftÉM, payment in advanee as above, - 2ft 00 (Hubs, attd in addition We Will swAd a oopy of the p&tftr gratis for of fifty. year to tho getter up of a club tbe tfornnr. • tWrittteh for The Union.] LASÏ NIGHT OF SEPTEMBER, 1863. By Delaware. i lie jjrav; told gloom of night r.U. .olemn o'er eilent earth, from ocean shore to shore, From wondrous depths, wide blazing from afar, Translucent fair fliinet star succeeding star. Bolls orb round orb in many a winding maze, Serenely on in their appointed ways. Chill blows tbe night wind o'er the dewdtimp ground, Bustles the thiokets and tile forests round, Curls the dark stream, and whitens ocean's wave, Moans sad above the lonely grave. Lo, where the clouds a yellow tinge betray In the far east, where first beams golden day, Tho Harvest moon, tho regal queen of night, On amber wheels slow rises Impetuous to the stars her broad beams fly, Shoot through all space and gleam along the sky, O'er rocks, and hills, and floods, and fields they fall, Forests, lone castles, moat, and ivied wall. Thou art the moon that on Antietain shone, When from tbe plain went mingled moan on moan, And curse, and sigh, and prayer, to Heaven's ear, Where angels bending dropped tho pitying tear, Where heroes died and Their country saving from dishonor's fame. The streams ran blood where thy pule splendor fell* Where varying horrors seemed a second hell; Retreating traitors wound the hills among, Through the deep night in baffled rago along, On^roop and weapon thy toll radiant shone A following splendor where the gloom bad gone. And too, of late, oh mournful truth! thy beam Rhone saddened down o'er the far Georgian stream, great army felt disastrous fate, On her brood banners breathe a baleful hate ; the night spread low her leaden pall, Black traitors fell in thousands, weltering alL In a far age to eome, when by fixed .doom, All whp now live, shall molder in the tomb, Some warrior brave shall note thy rising ray, And to himself reflecting, thus bhall say : "There shines the moon that on two battles shone, Whose equal thunders shook the solid zone, Where Freedom's armies hastening to the fray, From black Rebellion plucked the laureled day ; Where thickening thousands trod the bloody ^plain, When sulphrous clouds gave forth an iron rain; And gained o'er hell tho whole world's liberty, That deepening, broadening still, grasps all eternity." Now where the boundless regions of the west extend, The Evening Star with steady blaze doth tend, Beaming mild love on all; the court of night She sadly leaves deprived of all her light. As hours roll on, tho lesser planets slow, With all their light into the darkness go. I hear re-eehoing thronge each woodland aisle, In mellow notes, the hunter's horn the while, And still more distant comes the hound's deep bay, In quick pursuit through tangled wilds away ; On quivering branches sits the game on high; Straight to the tree the hounds unerring fly, The hunter climbs, it falls upon the earth, A savory prize to greet the blazing hearth. And now again through shadowy arches dim, Pass tainted ground with straining eye and limb. Here rolls a river to the restless main, Whose solemn flood divides a fruitful plain, On either side the full orbed moon looks down, Where in fierco Now looked in sleep the mingling columns lie, Their bed the turf, their roof the star gemmed sky ; Chilled to the bone, on anxious round the guard, With sense acute, o'er all keeps watch and ward; His thoughts meanwhile, in every regioi^ roam, VMÜNndown as «rut in hia own l> lie lives again where war ts far away, And the sight ; immortal namo, "■ ! i two mighty armies frown. qniot night aucooeds the peaceful day; There Ueavei the ocean on the hollow shore, Through the still night with uuabating Stars Bet, winds cease, all nature sleeps, but ho Forevermore rolls on JUis angry sea. Light o'er the waves the b^pad winged vessels fly, Bailing straight on where mingles sea and sky; Winds flit their pinions, waters give them room, That roused in storms would hurl them to the tomb. In shiny caves, on beetling crags below, Thousands lie still, where high the billows flow. The midnight hour is near; ghostly and dread, A thousand spectres screen the stars o'er head. The world lies dark below, the moon on high Sheds not A beam across the sullen sky ; Strange voices call along the trembling gale, Whore phantom hunters seek the lolig lost trail; lonely chureh/ard ghastly visions tread, While marble tombs emit the rising dead. The hour hath oome! and lo, in hurried flight, September bids the world a long, along goodnight. Milton, Del., Sept. 30, 1863. i ha SftUtt Sale. THE SOLDIEE'S LETTER. " When did you hear from Thom'as ?" A young lady had stopped at the door of a small house, standing on the outskirts of a village in Pennsylvania, and asked .this question of a woman who sat working ,on a coarse garment "It's more than two months since I've had a word from him," replied the woman in a half troubled, half complaining tone. Then rising, she added, "Won't you come in Miss Annie ?" The young lady accepted the invitation, and as she took the proffered chair, said : " Two months is a long time not to have heard from your son, Mrs. Rogers. Where is he ?" The last news I had came from Williams burg, just after the battle. He sent me three or four lines, to say that he wasn't hurt." "-Vid.you've heard nothing since?" ""Nothing. Mis« Annie. He may be dead, or a prisoner, for all I know. Oh dear ! dear ! its worrying the very life out of me." " When did you write to him last ?" in quired the young lady. Mrs. Rogers moved uneasily, and a shameflush covered her face, as she re plied : " I haven't taken a pen in my fingers these five years. They're all cramped with hard work, and I couldn't write fit to bo .seen. •"A single line from your baud, Mrs. Hogers, blotted and scrawled though it may be, would have come to Thomas, in his far away camp, as a most welcome visi tor from home. Think of his comrades getting letters by every mail, while there comes not a word or a token for him." "Oh! hut Miss Annie, I've sent him two pairs of stockings knit with my hands ; and he's never so much as let me know that he received them." "A letter should have said tho young lady. " own gone with them," The stockings, if they ever reached him, were but dumb signs; a loving sentence, even if ho had been obliged to spell it out slowly from among ill-formed words, would have spoken to his heart, and warmed it with a living pleasure. Write to your son, Mrs. Roge Nothing that you can send him wifi do n, . 4 ' 'M Ir a ♦ VOL. I. GEORGETOWN, DEL., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1863. NO. 6. Thdtttns Thdtttns half so much good as a letter from his mother. A single line will be precious. Don't let him any longer have the feeling, among his comrades, that he alone has uo one to care for him, or send him sweet re membrance." " I don't believe I can write, Miss An nie," said Mrs. Rogers. " Try. Have you pen and ink ?" "No, Miss. As I told you just now, I havou't had a pen in my lingers these five years; and I don't believe I could com pose a letter, even if Lhad the skill to write it out." "You must try, Mrs. Rogers. It will never do in the world for Thomas to go any longer without a letter from home. 1 have spare inkstand, and will step around for " And the young lady arose, saying as she went out: " I'll be back again in a little while with pen, ink and paper. Between us, Thomas must have a letter." On Annie's return with writing mate rials, Mrs. Rogers, still reluctant to under take the unaccustomed task of penning a letter, sat down, half per force, and made sundry awkward attempts to form words and sentences, by way of practice, before essaying the epistle, which her ardent young visitor had made up her mind should he produced and mailed to the absent sol dier that day. "Very well done ! Of course you write," said Annie, encouragingly, as she watched the efforts of Mrs. Rogers. " Now take a sheet of paper, and just think you are talking to him. Write down whatevor you would like to say, and say just as much about home and what is going on here as you think would interest him, as you can call to mind. Take your time to it, and don't feel hurried. I'll come round again in the course of an hour, and see what you have done. Then we'll both go over it and I'll make all the corrections needed, so that you can copy it out fairly. My word for it, there'll be a nice letter for Thomas, that will do his heart good. In an hour Annie came back, as she had promised. Mrs. Rogers had filled two pages of paper with rather badly spelled sentences ; but the matter was all right as far as it went. Annie made all needed corrections, and then waited until Mrs. Rogers had copied the letter which she .folded and directed for her. a s it. can " Shall I mail it for you ?" " If you please," said Mrs. Rogers. And the young lady went away, taking the letter. Since, learning that Thomas Rogers;' UHU É T ry well remembered, had not once received a letter from his mother, although he had been absent for over a year, she had felt pity and concern for the young man, whom she remembered little wild in his habits before he went as a into the army. This had made her urgent that the mother should do her duty. The letter was as well as could have been expected under the circumstances. Still, as Annie's thoughts went off to the distant camp, and dwelt on the young man's pecu liar case, it did not seem to her all that he needed. , "1 will write to him 1" she said, as the ease continuing to dwell in her mind , pre sented itself in stronger and stronger light. " He was once, for a time, my scholar in Sunday School, aud that will be rant." my war So she wrote him a brief but pointed and earnest letter, touching his duties soldier and as a man. as a Not in a superior, lecturing tone ; but in a kind, suggestive way, aud in language calculated to touch his feelings and arouse his better nature. An officer sat in his tent, near Gaines' Mills, Virginia, three days previous to the assault on the right wing of our army be fore Richmond. " In the guard house again !" he said, speaking to the orderly who had just sub mitted his report. There was regret as well as discouragement in his voice.— " What are we to do with tho man ?" " You will have to order severe punish ment. Simple confinement in the guard house is of no u»e." " He has in him all the elements of a good soldier," remarked the officer, one goes through the manual better. He is perfectly drilled ; is quick, steady and brave. At Williamsburg he fought like a lion.. I cannot forget that to his prompt courage I owe my life. No—no notsovere punishment. We must bear with him a little longer. What is his offence now ?" He was away at roll-call ; and his port of himself is unsatisfactory. The man is restles and brooding, and sometimes so ill-natured as to make trouble with his comrades." The officer sat in thought for some time. He was about speaking, when a sergeant came in with letters, a mail having been received. In running his eye over them, the officer noticed two directed to Thomas Rogers, the soldier reported as in the guard house. He held them for a moment, and then laid them aside with his own let ters. No re "Let me see you in half an hour, said to the orderly, thing to reform this man. Thero is good in him, if we can only discover the way to make him active." Tho orderly retired, and the officer be came occupied with his Utters. After get ting through with them, word was passed t> have Rogers brought before him. He earnc, under guard, but the guard was dis missed, and the man was alone with the officer, who regarded him more in pity than in anger. The soldier was a youjg man, not over twenty years of age; of slender form, but compactly built aud muicular. Even under disgrace, there was a manly self poise about him that did not escape the officer's notice. he We must do somo I Under arrest again ! What have you to say for yourself?" The officer tried to be stern, and to speak with severity. The soldier did not answer; but a look, half dogged, half defiant, was visible in his face. I sliall have to order severe punish meut. There was no reply ; only a slight change in attitude and expression of countenance, that indicated a bracing of mind and nerve for more endurance. " When did you hear from home ?" ask ed the officer, who did not remember to have seen a letter addressed to Rogers un til tho receipt of that day's mail. " Not for a long time," was answered, and wirh apparent surprise at so unexpect ed a question. " Here are two letters to your address." And the officer, who had the letters in his hand, held them towards the soldier, who started, with a strange look of surprise and bewilderment, and received them with a hand that trembled visibly. " Sit down and read them," said the ofr ficer, pointing to a camp stool. The man sat down, showingcousiderable excitement, and after looking curiously at the delicate ly written superscription, opened one of the letters and glanced it through hurried ly. The officer's gaze was on him, and he read in his countenance the rapid play of various emotions. Then he opened the second letter, which was redd twice. As he finished it, he drew his hand hastily aeross his eyes. " From home ?" queried the officer. The young soldier stood up, giving the usual sign of respect, as he answered in the affirmative. The officer noticed that his face was graver and paler, and that the look of dogged defiance had faded out. "And now, Rogers, what have you to say for yourself? Will you drive us to a severe punishment ? You know, as well as I do, that discipline must be enforced." There was remonstrance, not anger, in the officer's voice. "Only this," answered the soldier hum bly yet in a firm voice, " I have done wrong and am sorry. Forgive me; and if I break a rule of the service again, shoot me." " Spoken like a man and a soldier ! I will trust you, Rogers," said the officer ; and dismissing the guard, he sent him to duty. Two days afterwards came that over whelming assault upon our right wing, and on the next day the terrible conflict at Gaines Mills. Among the coolest and bravest in all the fierce battles that follow ed, and among the most enduring in the long nights of retreat, was young Rogers. He was with that body of infantry which lay at the bottom of Malvern Hill, under our death-dealing batteries, the fire which staggered, and then drove back the rebel masses, whose desperate courage in that maddest of all assaults, was worthy of a better cause. Twice during this* series of battles, as once at Williamsburg, had Rog ers, risking his own life, 3aved that of his Captain ; and in several of the conflicts, he had shown such coolness and courage, that positions were saved, which, but for the infusion of his spirit into his comrades, would have been lost. One day, about three weeks after the letters were written to Thomas Rogers, the young lady whom we have called Annie, received a reply from the soldier, dated " In Camp near Harrison's Landing, ran thus : it " A good angel must have put it into your heart to send me that letter, for it came just in time to save mo. I was in the guard.house for neglect of duty and disobedience of orders. I was reckless and desperate. All my comrades were getting word from home—letters came to them by every mail—but no one wrote to me or seemed to care for me. So I lost respeet for myself, griw sour, unhappy, and indif ferent to duty. But your kind your talk about the past time when you were my teaoher—your strong appeal to my better nature—your calm, true, sweet sentences, dear lady ! stirred my heart with new feelings, vnd filled my eyi tears. I was before my captain in di when your letter was placed in my hands. " He waited for me to read it ; saw that I was touched, and like a true man that he is, forgave my offence. Then and there, I resolved to die sooner than swerve a hair's breadth from duty. I have been in fearful battles since, but God has kept me from harm. To day, for bravery aud faith ful service in these battles, I have been made a second lieutenant. Thanks, thanks to you, kind, good friend ! You have sav ed one who came nigh being lost !" Fair reader, is there not in some far away camp, a soldier who would be made better or happier through a letter from Think ! If there is, write to im. Brothers, sisters, fathers, mothers, write often to the soldiers who have gone out from your homes. They are in the midst of temptations, trials, suffering and privations, and your words of love, your tenderly manifested interest, your exhorta tions to courage and duty cannot fail to do them good. words— es with isgr&ce, our hand ? " Wur are book-keepers like chickens? Be cause they have to "scratch" for a livelihood. Those who angle continually for praise get bitten oftener than the bait does. Lag not behind the wheels of progress less you would have your eyes blinded by dust. A Frencu writer has said that "to dream gloriously, you must aot gloriously while you are awake ; aud to bring angels down io verse with you in your sloep, you must labor in tho causo of virtue during the day." , un con From the Smyrna Times. No. 4. To A, en. Ntoekljr, E«q. Sty Dear Sir :—■ The " Elder of an Old School Presby terian Church" declares that, "it has been tbe commonly received opinion of all ages, that tho negroes arc the descendants of Canaan," p. 9—that " there has been a supernatural in terposition by which a portion of the race were mado negroes, specifically distinct from and subject to their white brethren," p. 7—that 11 we hear the curse of )>erpotual slavery pro nounced by Sod's prophet'on the children of Canaan, and then find them occupying Ethio pia, tho 'land of Ham,"' p. 7—"that tho changes produced " (É tho " Ethiopian skin") " was Ood's miraculous performance, by way of preparation for, and adaptation to, the prac tical execution of Noah's curse," p. 8—" that the Divine law giver spoko by the mouth of Noah, and that the black skin and woolly hood, &c., arc the miraculous attestations, or rather consequences thereof," p. 9.—and that " Negro slavery was legislated into existence by a Divine decree, and by tho same authority it is to continue forever and ever," p. 9— from all which the " Elder believe that the " black skin and woolly head," are the evidences, the signs, by which wo may know tho descendants of Canaan — those cursed—and doomed to slavery, which is to continue "forever and ever." The " Elder " has a.pimed several proposi tions —not proved —for which he has no au thority—and which assumptions, in fact, are contradicted by the most authentic Historic records. First—The descendants of Canaan were not negroes ; they had not ' black skins,' and they did not settlo In, or people Ethiopia. It may be further remarked, that " the black skin and the woolly head " are not the attes tations " by which we may know the descend ants of Canaan—and those who were cursed, and doomed to perpetual slavery. According to his own showing, those descendants of Ca naan—whom Joshua obliged " to fly " from the land of Canaan, " flew " some into Africa, and others into Greece. Have we any evi dence that tho Canaanitcs who fled into Greece —or their descendant, were negroes? Or that tho Carthageneans. and other people in habiting the Barbary < ast, on the shoree of ith "black skins and weolly heart»*" Or that negroes— would have us men with " black skins and woolly heads " arc to bo found any where outside of central —tropical Africa—unless they have emigrated, or have been transplanted from that region of burning sands, and vertical suns ? May we not say, with confidence, that, skin and woolly head, had been intended to designate the descendants of Canaan, and those who were the subjects of tho curse of a slavery which was to last "forever and ever," God, by his prophet would have stated it ?" Sir, I have never, in Um whole course of my reading, seen a work of no larger dimensions than this " Letter of an Elder"—occupying only fourteen pages so full of bold and reckless assumptions—wholly unsustained by proof—of palpable contradictions—of flagrant errors—of wicked declar ations, and under the sanctimonious garb of church membership, of such blasphemies against humanity—against God, and His Holf mUgOm But let us leave the "Elder" alone in his——with if the black whatever of laurels he may have gained by so wicked a production—and let us look to tho most authentic—tho only authentic record on these subjects—the Holy Bible—for a history of the early settlements of the sons of Ham, the second son of Noah. Moses is accredited, among Christians, as the author of the Pentateuch, and as having written by " the inspiration of the Almighty." —The son of Ham—and his youngest son— Canaan—are graphically described in the ninth chapter of Genesis. Dr. Adam Clark, in his commentary on the 22d—24th verses of this chapter, remarks—" Ham, and vory probably, his son Canaan, had treated their father on this occasion with contempt, or prehenBible levity." " The conduct of Shorn and Jnphoth was such a# become pious aud affectionate children who appear to have been in the habit of treating their father with do ccncy, reverence, and obedient respect. On the one, tho spirit of prophecy, (not the in censed father) pronounces a curse ; on the others, the «une spirit, (not parental tender ness) pronounces a blessing. These things had been just as tb«y afterwards occured, had Noah never spokon. God had wise and power ful reasons to induce him to scntcuco the re " of on of in 23, der and late were sons the one to perpetual servitude, and to allot to the others prosperity and dominion. Besides, the ourse pronounced on Canaan neither fell im mediately upon himself, nor on hie worthless father, but on the Canaanites ; and from tho history we have of this people, in Lcvit. XVIII—XX, and Deut. IX, 4: XII, 31 : may ask, could the curse of God fall more de servedly on any people thau on those ?" Their profligacy was great, but il teas not the effect of the curse; hat buiug foreseen by the Lord, the curse was the effect of their conduct." wa In the tenth chapter of Genesis, Moses, writing by inspiration, and with tho "tradi tional knowledge " of his family, gives " the generations of tho sons of Noah, Skem, Ham, and Japhoth ; and says "unto them born after the flood," v. I.—" and by these were the nations divided in .the Earth after the flood," v. 32. By the descendants of Ja pheth the eldest son of Noah—" wore the Isles of the Qentiles divided in their lands ; every one after his tongue, after their families in their nations," v. 5. By " tho Isles of the Gentiles" Europe is generally allowed to be understood. Tho descendants of Shcm, the youngest son of Noah, settled in and peopled Asia. of The sons of Ham," (the second son of Nonh) were " Cush and Misriam, and Phut, and Canaan," v. 6. " Cush is supposed to have settled the Arabic nome near the Red Sea, in lower Egypt. Some think the Ethio pians descended from him, whilst his sons, Seba and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raanah, and Sablecah settled in Asia. Tho descend ants of " Mezriam settled in Egypt, which was otherwise called Mczr and Mezraim." Phut is supposed to have " peopled an Egyp tian nome or district bordering on Libya," and " Canaan " " first peopled the land so called, known also, by the name of the Pro mised Land ."—The descendants of Canaan, by the names of their ancestors were all found in the land of Canaan, or the Promised Land—as Sidon , his first-born, the father of the Sidonio.ns, and Heth, the father of the Hittites —" And the Jebusite, and the Amoritc, and the Girgashite, and the Hivite, and the Arkite, and tho Sinite, and tho Arvadile, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite ; and after wards were tho familes of tho Canaanites spread abroad ; And the border of the Ca naanites was from Sidon, as thou earnest to Gerar, unto Gaza ; as thou goest unto Sodom and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zcboim, even unto Lasha. These were the sons of Ham, after their families, and after their ton gues, in their countries, aud in their tions," y. 15—20. It thus appears that the descendants of Ca naan settled in, and peopled tho land of Ca naan, or tho Promised Land, in Asia ; and none of these familes in Africa. It is also well known that the Canaanites were not ne groes ; but, doubtless, of the same color as tho present inhabitants of Palestine. Of Mizraim, Moses says, ho " begat Ltidim, and Ananmm, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, and Patheusim, and Casluhim, (out of whence came Philistine) and Caphtoiim." Ludim, being in the plural form of the Hebrew, is supposed to be the name of a people who in habited Mareotis, a canton in Egypt. " Ana mini , according to Bochart, were a people who inhabited a district about the temple of Jupi ter-Ammon," in Africa. " Lehabim the Liby ans, or a people who dwelt on the west of the Thebaid, and were called Lybio-Egyptains. Naphtuhim, which people " Bochart seemed inclined to place in Marmarica ," (in Libya, Africa) or among the Trodlodytes (in Africa, on the western shore of the Arabian Gulf, or Red Sea). Pathusim, tho people, occording to Bochart, who inhabited tho Thebaid (in Upper Egypt) called Pathros in Scripture. Casluhim , the inhabitants of Colchis (or the shores of the Euxinc Sea in Asia) Philistim — the people called the Philistines—inhabitants of the land of Canaan—and Caphtorim , tho inhabitants of tho Isle of Cyprus, according to Calmet."—Sec Dr. Adam Clark's comment aries on the tenth chapter of Genesis. Thus, we have in breif, what is known with any degreo of probability, of the early settle ments of the sons of Ham. Egypt appears, from the Psalms, to have been called " the land of Ilam" — seo Psalms lxxviii, v5I: cv, v. 23—27 : cvi, v. 22; and as three of his sons, to wit, Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, as well, probably, as Ham himself, settled first in Egypt and thence peopled Libya, and Ethiopia, or Abyssinia, and other portions of Africa, that portion of the Globe may have been properly called " the land of Ham." It may bo well, however, to remark, that several places in the Scriptures arc called Cush, and Ethiopia, indicating, probably, tho countries where Cush, or his descendants, the Cushites, settled—Thus the river Gihon, Gen. ch. n, v. 13, the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia, or Cush, as it is in the original Hebrew.—Tho Gihon is supposed by Hadrian Reland—os cited by Dr. A. Clark, comm. Gen. ch. n, v. 10, " to bo tho Araxes to which runs into the Caspian Sen "—and " tho land of Cush, washed by this river, he sup poses to be the country of the Cussoei of the Ancients. Do is as it do had for ry, aud his Nod were your " tion, seen sible. was Dr. Archibald Alexander says " Tho Scriptures appear to mention a three fold Cush, or Ethiopia. (1), Cush, Cuth, Culka, Susiuna, now Chuxctan, or the country of Cush, in Persia, on tho east of the lower part of the Hiddekel, or Tigris, Gen. n, 13. (2) Cush, or Cushan, on the north east of the Red Sea, near tho point of the Elanitic Gulf. (3) Cush, Ethiopia, or Abyssinia, a country on the southwest of the Red Sea, and south of Egypt." It is " put for tho Ethiopia, Ps. lxviii, 32, in part surrounded by the upper Nile—in habited by a people of dark color, Jer. xm, 23, opulent, Isaiah xliii, 3—xlv, 14—situ ated on tho south of Egypt, Ezek xxix, 10, and therefore often mentioned with Egypt, Neh. in, 9, Ezekiel xxx, 4, 5, 9 ; with the Libyans, n, 12, 13, &c., ftc." " Kusli for Ethiopia is also found upon the hieroglyphic monuments of Egypt— Ges. Heb. Lex.—un der the word Cush.—" The descendants of Cush, in our translation of tho Biblo, arc uni fbrmily called Ethiopians, and their place of res'dence Ethiopia—a name by the Greeks and Romans constantly applied to tho oountry south of Egypt," Dr. A. Alexander. " Thoy were called Ethiopians "—says a late distinguished author—from two Groek words denoting the color of their skin ; and the spirit of adventure by which they distinguished, together with tbe superiority which they every where manifested over the nations among whom they dwelt, rendering were this name illustrious throughout Europe, Asia and Africa." Dr. Adam Clark, in his comm, on Gen. x, 20—" There un the sons of Ham, afUr their families, <€r,"judiciously remarks, " No doubt all these were well known in the time of Mo ses, and for a long time after ; but at this distance of time, when it is considered that tho political state of the world lias been dergoing almost incessant revolutions through all the iutcrmi'ate portions of time, the impos sibility of fixing their residence, marking their descendents, must ho evident, |as both the names of the people, and the places of their residences, have beôn changed beyond the possibility of being recognized." But the habitations of the Canaanites are sufficiently well established, to prove that they never peo pled the interior and tropical regions of Africa ; and could not, by any possibility, have been the ancestors of the negroes—or people—with " black skins, and woolly heads." That the inhabitants of Arabia, Egypt, and other coun tries we have numed have dark, olive com plexions, some approaching to black, is well known and admitted.—They inhabit warm latitudes ; and are subject to hot winds ; and the scorching infiuonces of vast sandy deserts ; but they have not " woolly heads." Thus in " the song of Solomon "—which is supposed by some, to have been an Epithalamium —or " nuptial song," in compliment to his wife, the daughter of Pharaoh, he makes his bride to say—" I am black, hut comely,"—" Look not upon me," (that is disparagingly) " be cause I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me." Solomon calls her the fairest among women." i, 5, 6, and again " Behold thou art fair, my love "—" thy hair is as a flock of goats, that appear from Mount Gilead," iv, 1—Though black; and the sun had " looked upon " her, yet this wife of Solo mon, had " hair " like a flock of goats—she had not a " woolly head." Moses himself, married one who was called an " Ethiopain, woman "—the daughtor of Jethro, a priest of Midian—a country about the northeast point of the Red Sea, in Arabia—a descendant of Abraham, by Keturah. I have been thus minute, and probably te dious, that I might briefly prove, as well as the ancient records will admit of proof, that the " Canaanitcs" did not people Africa—that they were not negroes, having " block skins and woolly heads —that Cush was the father of tho " Ethiopians ," and of the " Negro-race" —that it has not »'been the commonly re ceived opinion of all ages, that tho negroes are the descendants of Canaan," and that all those who have black skins are not slaves. These important discoveries—to wit, that tho Cunaanitcs arc the ancestors of the negroes— tho peoplo with " black skins and woolly heads "—that those people with " block skins and woolly heads"—(" attestations of the curse pronounced upon Canaan and his de scendants") have boon doomed to a slavery which is to last " forever and ever "—and that this " has been the commonly received opin ion of all ages ''—have been reserved for the astonishing powers of research, and discovery of this very learned " Elder of an Old School Presbyterian Church,"—of this " second Daniel come to judgement"—who, unfortu nately for himself, and his Democratic breth ren, docs not seem to know much about his subject, and " what ho does know isn't so." July 28th, 1863. un in for of C. S. L. Willing to make it Rigut. —Mr. M., of Northern Vermont, is not distinguixhed for liberality, cither of purse or opinion, llis ruling passion is a fear of being cheated.— The loss, whether roal or fancied, of a few cents, would give him more pain than the destruction of our entire navy. He one day bought a large cake of tallow' at a country store ut ten cents a pound. On breaking it to pieces at home, it large cavity. TMh he considered u terrible disclosure of cupidity and fraud. He drove furiously back to the stare, entered in great excitement, bearing the tallow, and exclaim ing: found to contain a an in for "Hero, you rascal, you have cheated mo! Do you call that an honest cake of tallow ? It is hollow, and thero ain't upar so much of it as there appeared to be. I want you to make it right." "Cortainly, certainly," roplied tho mer chant. I'll make it right. I didn't know the cake was hollow. Let me see ; you paid ton cents per pound. Now, Mr. M., how much do you suppose that the hole would weigh?" Mr. M. returned home with the dishonest tallow, but was never quite satisfied that he had not been cheated by buying holes at ten cents per pound. Sia Thomas Fitiqebald, who was famous for flogging, had raised a regiment of peasant ry, which he called the Ancient Irish. He aud they were sent on foreign service. On his return, he boasted frequently of their bravery, aud that uo other troops were so for ward to face tho cuomy. "No wonder," said Nod Lysaght, "thanks to your flogging, they were ashamed to show their bocks." " Yova wife's fat, but she's not handsome, "Well, Jones, that's expressing your opinion plump and plain, anyhow." You're right, Smith, that's exactly my no tion, she's very plump and very plain." Short dresses are said to be comming into fashion, and next winter nothing else will be seen in the grand salon of Paris.—This is sen sible. Samcil can you tell me of what parentage was Napoleon the great? "Of Cora.I-eau ded Smith." he $be Weekly ^nio«. I- W. WALEAZZ, Editor. PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDAY MORNING.AT Georgetown, Delaware. TERMS OF ADVERTISING : One Square, (10 lines or less) One Square twite inserted or two squares once, .... Two Square«, one montfi, " " six nonths, ** ** one year, Larger a<l vert lamenta Ailing one-fourth, three-fourths or a whole oolumn will be taken at lower rates, and must be made the subject of speoisl arrangement. insertion, $0 40 0 70 2 60 - 13 00 25 00 -half, Harvesting Corn. A farmer observes that he believes the heaviest and best corn is produced^by letting it ripen untoped. A few years ago, after be ginning to cut his stalks on a piece of corn, he was taken sick, and thus the remaining portion of the field remained untopped. On harvesting the corn, his attention was arrest ed by the noticeable difference in the quality and weight of the corn on that part of the field where the stalks were not cut, over that part where they were cut. He was asked whether the com was enough better to make up for tho depreciation in the value of the fodder, as compared with that part of the field where the stalks were cut and cured.— Ho said probably not. There is little room to doubt that corn in uufrosty seasons, that is suffered to mature un topped, is haler and heavier than that which is topped, or cut close to the ground, and shocked or stocked. But in economical farm ing this is not the only point to be considered. It is said by some farmers that the forage of an acre of corn, when it is cut up, shockod and well cured, when the kernel is in full milk, is worth more than the hay which could be grown and made on the same area where it seeded to clover or grass. Such farmers have two good reasons for cutting up and shocking their eorq. The first is, that they are safe against tho chances of early frosts before the corn has time to ripen ; the second is, the much greater value of the fodder. Sometimes the third reason presents itself, to wit : the farmer may desire to sow his ground t.) winter wheat or rye. The first two reasons are of themselves, however, suffi cient with many farmers to decide the ques tion with them as to which of the throe meth ods of managing and harvesting a field of corn is best. Experience and observation have taught us that cutting up and shocking is the best method for making the most of the corn crop in New England. TIioho who maintain that corn growth with out topping is haler and heavier than that ripened in another way are undoubtedly right, but this does not settle the question whether the forage is of as much value as it is in the eastern States. Hence, that method of harvesting corn which shall secure the farmer against the hazard of early fall frosts, and at the same time make the fodder the most valuable, and guarantee to him mean while a good grain ^rop, must generally ha— conceded to be the most economical, and there fore, the best, few can reasonably doubt.— That cutting up and shocking while the corn is in milk secures theso benefits none it seems to us will deny. The Capitol at Washing; ton. Mr. Walter, architect of the Capitol at Washington, authorizes the publication of tho statement that the great dome will be com pleted before the next session of Congress. Distinguished mechanics of this country and of Europe have expressed great interest as to the manner in which the statue that is to sur mount the structure is to be successfully raised to its place. Capt. Thomas, the inven tor of the scaffolding, is said to entertain no misgivings on this head. Two sections of his ingenious contrivance are now fiuished, and three more remain to be done. We further learn that the entrance to the north wing of the Capitol, via., the new portico, will be effect ed this season. Not so with the north wing. Crawford's beautiful statues for the peudi ment will soon be in their places, and Crow fords door for the grand entrance is to be cast in this country, from models that have just arrived at New York from Italy.. The cele brated and costly doors, by Rogers, are to bo for the east entrance of the main building, between the presont statues of Peace and War. Crawford's Jefferson (companion to the Franklin, which is on the Senate side of tho Capitol, ) is to bo placed on the House side, in tho niche opposite to Leutze's fresco painting of Western Emigration. "Advantages o? Advkktisino." —Tbe in dividual who originated the ingenious idea of selling two cent stamps by advertising " por traits of Jackson" for twenty fivo cent«, which we noticed in our last issue, proved, on an in vestigation of the case, to be a youth of about sixteen. When questioned in regard to the matter he admitted the offence, and stated an oxeuse that he had just returned from a boarding school, the principal of which accustomed to impress upon the pupils the important of advertising as a means of success in business, and that his little opciation for the purpose of testing tho truth of his in structor's theory.— Holbrook's V. S. Mail. a« «ras was A good anecdote is told of ono of tho Con necticut boys. While in conversation with a rebel, after the capture of Fort Pulaski, tile latter said: "At loast, with all our faults, have never made wooden nutmegs." Tho Yankee, a very demure looking speci men, innocently replied: "We do not make them of wood any long er," and pointing to one of the big projectiles lying near, which had broached the fort, ad ded quietly, "we make them now of iron ! A mill just erected in Milton Vermont, will have a bell which was formerly a New Orleans ohurch bell, and among those givcu to tho rebel goverment, but afterward captured by Ueu. Butler, sent north and sold by our Goverment. we " These goes a man," said a friend to an other, " who is worth his hundred thousand dollars." " Ye»," quietly said the other, looking after the rich man, "quid that's all he is worth,"