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The Union. [volume] (Georgetown, Del.) 1863-1866, December 25, 1863, Image 2

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♦ I friends
Sfttlitu Da ion
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 25, lftft*.
To Correiipondciit« nnd other*.
We solicit contributions anil oorroapondenoe from
*11 quarters, nnd wUeu worthy will "be appropriately
pubiwhed. Our friends mart welt* briefly, legibly,
n*d on one aido of the papor only. The roel name
of the author must looompany each oonimuniaeAion
»• « guaranty of good faith.
The following perioni bare lie«* authorized to
not as adrerti.ing aud lubseriuttou agrnta for "Tun
Union," el) money ooUeotei by them will be duly
credited-on the books.
Con. JOHN C. CLARK, Je., -
Vhr int iana. Uni.
llfd Lie», Utl
Passing event« have already convinced
Ike most casual observer, that Dolaware is
destined to become a free »Stato.
st it tit ion of slavery lias not for years liad
a secure lodgment with our people. Tht
contiguity tf our northern extremity with
one free State, and the separation of
entire eastern liuo by only the nar
row waters of the Delaware river and bay
from another, have had a tendency to
der slavery leas secure than in those states
The in
remotc from free territory. Tho
probabilities of escape being greater here
than in a State further south, the number
of fugitives has been proportionality great
As our business and social communi
cations with the free states have increased,
our opinions of slavery and its consequen
ces have been modified, and our former
prejudices materially changed; while the
slave's opportunities of gaining his freedom
ky flight, have become
This drainage upon "tho institution" hi
not only nffeeted it numerically, but greatly
detracted from former valuations of the
negro slave in the statç of Delaware.—
At tho breaking out of this war, therefore,
slavery here was undergoing a sloyv but
certain process of extinction; ibis rebellion
will but excelerate its lingering dpath.-r
Ab it is, we shall see the shaekels stricken
from the last slave ; while otherwise, this
"relic of barbarism" might have maintain
ed a nominal existence in our midst for
years to come. We may therefore regard
slavery as an abolished institution iu this
more numerous.
The formality of legislative enact
ment mu y speedily arrive, b\4 pun pot givp,
practically, any greater certainty to its ex
tinction than now exists,
in this County who would regard its
abolishment with regret is true, for de
mocracy will shudder with horror at be
holding its favorite idol shattered into
i/au incuts ; but the great mass of OUT Ä <>
pic inspirited as they have been by the
cause of human freedom—and wrought
up as they arc by this uncalled for rebel
lion, to an immovable determination to
That there are
bring tho issues involved in this war to
practical conclusions—will rejoice with
unfeigned gratification over the destruc
tion of slavery as the generator of treason
and the only impediment to American
greatness. The abolitiou of slavery iu this
State is becoming populur, because it is
right in principle, because it is allowable
under our constitution aud laws, because
it will add greatly to the prosperity and
greatness of our little Commonwealth, and
because it is in unison and conformity with
the great idea of American liberty.—
Slavery must die ; its advocates must be
silenced ; this appanage of American trea
son must be forever extinguished. The
whirligig of fate is rattling a discordant
requiem over tho dying agonies of the
m«dia*vul curse of America, and when its
last vestige shall have been obliterated in
the United States, every citizen of this
then noble republic will feel prouder of
his country and her institutions. Ther*
is another fact which is giving popularity
to the cause
we espouse. It is success,
ihe popular heart loves to hour the song
ol triumph aud the shout of victory, aud
will uncontrolably participate in and ap
prove of these jubilant demonstrations.-—
Victory has already perched upon the ban
ner of our cause, and the issue is no longer
wavering and doubtful. AA T e are the tri
umphant party in the polities of the day.
The democratic party did at the last elec
tion refuse to vote.
It thus not only
acknowledged its defeat, but diabauded it«
followers aud proclaimed its owu disor
ganization. To be called a black rspubli
can was once considered insulting now
many voluntarily assume that name; but
a tew months ago the aboliliouist was con
fined to the snow banks of the N
land States; he now exista in Sussex
county. Recently in this section of
State the self considered elite of our fash
ionable society, (God save the mark Î) gave
tone and consequence to their respectabil
ity by the most blatant enunciations of
« vr
pro-slavery sentimeuta. To-day he who
has the audacity to advocate slavery is
vairrously regarded as a
vative, or a southern sympathizer, as effect
ed with tho mania africanic , or as com
pletely satura teil in the treasonable
oiivities of the later-day democracy.
t waddling conaer
We were much gratified, last weeki
a viait from our friend Rurgeon Maull, of
the 1st Rcg't. Delaware Volnntocrs. His
return to hie home, being unexpected, was
agreeable surprise to his numerous '
I friends in this vicinity. The hardships '
of active campaigning have not in the :
slightest impaired his health ; he is look
ing letter and stonter than when he first
left for the war. At tho breaking out of
the rebellion, the Doctor enlisted m the
three month s serviec, and received the
appointment of the f irst Lieutenancy in
Co. G, upon its organization. He after
wards was promoted to the Captaincy. At
the expiration of the three month's ser
vice, the First Regiment was reorganized ;
the Doctor returned home, assisted in
raising Co. E, and when that Co. was xnua
tei-ed in was appointed Surgeon, which
he lias since occupied. lie was with his
regiment at the battles of Antietam, Fred
rieksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg,
Bristow's Station, aud every other fight
in which the regiment lias been engagid.
Verity, the Doctor has smelt gunpowder.
AYitli tho exception of this visit, he has
never liad a leave of absence, but for ten
days. As the oldest Surgeon, by appoint
ment, he now ranks as Surgeou-in-chief of
the 2nd Brigade.
Surgeou Maull has
shared in all the hardships uud trials of
this noble old regiment, and truly deserves
the position which he now occupias. He
left home, ou Monday last, to rejoin the
army. We wish him all success, and hope
that before he again returns, he will enter
the city of Richmond with the victorious
Army of the Potomac.
It will he seen, by reference to the pro
ceedings of the U. 8. Souate of last Friday,
that Bayard aud Saulsbury object to the
oath of allegiance to the government of
the United States. All Iruh/ loyal men
would , and could take this oath. The rea
son >yhy these Senators, whq sq miserably
misrepresent this Stato iu tho Senate, .ob
ject* tp this oath of allegiance is, that they
are disloyal , and sympathize with the rebel
lion ; and with the rebels. Veil their mo
tives as they may, their actions speak
trumpet-tungued, that they are disloyal to
the government which has cherished them
iqto life : and from whjch thqy, each, re
ceive three thousand dollars , annually, in
gold, for those very peculiar services
which qll loyal men appreciate ; and which
history, truthful history will appreciate.—
'tions also loudly proclaim, that they
belong to ; and are in league with a faction,
the copperhead, sham-Dcmocracy, \yhich,
in accordance to their oft repeated decla
rations, have refused "to vote a dollar,
a man to suppress the rebellion:" and
WÎ\!» l>x those actions. are_"aa/
c fort'* to the rebels now in an is against
their government. It is high t me, that
these men, and all like them, were placed
in their proper position, and out of harm'
Our readers have had an opportuuity
of studying the President's last annual
message. It is a document worthy of the
attention of the people, and of the excel
lent and exalted chief of a great nation.
Without any attempt to eke out a sen
tence; or "round a period;" it takes
Lola, at once, of the great questions which
now engage the attention of the world ;
and presents, those questions in a calm,
statesmanlike, and most able
The progress,achievpients, and position
of our patriotic, gallant armies and navy,
as presented by the President, are grati
fying to every loyal heart:—and whilst
they call forth earnest thanksgiving and
praise to Him "who orders all things after
the counsel of His own will
—gives as
sured hope, nay confidence in the final
triumphant success of the Union
and of the restoration of Peace, ie-union
and hnppiness. Our finances are shown
to have bceu most faithfully managed,
under the able control of Mr. Chase, the
very ablest Secretary of the Treasury since
Alcxqmler Hamilton.
The AA'ar debt, it is manifest, is less
than we might have expected—in view
of the gigantic operations, and extraordi
nary efforts of the Government to save
the lift of the nation.
No nation has ever achieved as much,
within as brief a period of time, and at as
little cost, as the Federal Government bas
achieved within less than three years. It
is truly wonderful, as exhibiting the a
bundant, the unbounded resources of our
loyal people, that this gigantic war has
been conducted, without borrowing one
dollar of any foreign capitalists.
The Commerce, foreign and domestic, of
the United States, is in a most prosperous
condition. The manufacturers and me
chanics of the loyal States, have never
been more so. The same may be said of
our agricultural interests.
Education, morals, and religion have
been cultivated and advanced. The hu
manity, and benevolence of our people,
and of our government, through the
tary and Christian commissions, challenge
and claim the admiration and respect of
the whole civilised world.
Thank God that it is our happy lot to
live under such a government ; and among
such a people as ours. We desire to call
special attention, as we hinted we would
in our Urt. to our Foreign RitmtwfU ; aud
8 UU 1 -
to the condition of the European Govern- diately
ments; as manifesting., to our compreheu- names
8 ; on , "the finger of God" raised in our be- be
, ullfj to "restrain the madness of men,"
and to "make the wrath of man to praise
Him." Tho officials and aristocracy of _
England and France, though sympathizing bor
w fth the rebels, h#ve been restrained by „„y
the sound moral tone of feeling, of the mor
great masses of the people of those Gov- for
ernments, from a more active sympathy object
than they have exhibited fbl the south.
" The Polish question" too, sprung up, an y
in time to engage the attention of all Eu- 'I' 6
, ,. . . ., r h t" 9
rope, and gave, and is now giving them full ...
. b , . , . 6 _ ? . . with
employment in th.,r own affiurs; m ef- 0
forts to preserve the peace of Europe; or
prepare for a general war. Another
knotty question has arisen lately, to trouble ]y
all Europe, gnd intensify all their difficul- in
ties, iu the "great question," as to the
succession to the Duchies of Schleswig—
Holstien, in other words called "The Dan- ribs
• 1 .. ,, • n . , . . .. . was
i8h question : in reference to which, it is .
. , .7 „ ~ . ' ...
sa,d, that "upon the aet.on of Pruss.a w.ll
depend Peace or War* for
With all these difficulties, hanging like cover
a "black pall" over Europe. The rulers
of Europe find but little time now to de- been
vote to the rebels. It would really seem,
.. , . 7 , ... n years
that those European <] .fficult.es were Prop- feD
idential interpositions, in behalf of the
government of the United gtates, who quest
will by the blessing of God, suppress the
Rebellion, and with it, wipe out slavery, as "
the prime source of most, if not all of our and
national troubles.
We present to our readers, a statement
of "the Danish question," by the London
Punch, whose statement is "clear as mud."
It is no wonder that a question so mysti
fied, so entangled, so difficult, should be
seized, with avidity by the diplomats of
Europe to exhibit their skill in preserving
the "balance of power," which usually ends
a general war :—but to Mr. Punch —
"Tiie Danish Difficulty Explained.—
Young persons who dine out, and wish to be
considered well-inform young diuers-out,
must desire to be able to answer, in a few
simple words, the question so frequently put
as to the real value of tho difficulty about the
King of Denmark's succession to tho Schles
wig-Holstein duchies. Mr. Punch will ex*
plain tho matter in a moment. The case is
thisc King Christian, being an agnate, is
the cpllatcral heir male of the German Diet,
and consequently the Duchy of Holstein, bo
in«; mediatised, could only have ascended to
the Landgravine of Hesso in default of con
sanguinity in the younger branch of the Son
derbur^-Gluffkshuvgs, and therefore Schlcs
wig, by the surrender of the Duke of Saxo
'obnrg Gotha, was acquired as a nei w
ouîTnaër by vfie morg&Vtttjo n
Frederick VII. This is clear enough, oi
course. The difficulty, however, arises from
the fact that, while the Danish protocol of
1852, which was drawn up by Lord Palmer
ston, but signed by Lord Malmesbury, re
pudiated ex post facto the claims of princess
Mur y of Anhalt, as romainder-woman to the
Electores8 of Augustonburg, it only oporuted
as a uti bossideties iu reference to tho in
terests of Prince Christian of Schloswig-IIol*
8tcin-Sonderburg-Ulucksburg, while Baron
Bunsen's protest against Catholicism, under
the terms of the Edict of Nantes, of course
barred the whole of the lineal ancestry of the
Grund Duke from claiming by virtue of the
Salic clause of tho Pragmatic Sanction.—
The question is therefore exhaustively reduc
ed to a very narrow compass, aud the dispute
simply is, whether an agnate who is not
consanguineous can, us a Lutheran, hold a
fief which is clothed by médiatisation with
the character of a neutral belligerent.—
This !b really all that is at issue, and those
who seek to complicate the case by intro
ducing the extraneous statement, true, no
doubt, in itself, that tho Princess of Wales,
who is the daughter of the present King of
Denmark, made no public renunciation of
either of the duchies, or tho ivory liuir brush
es, when she dined with Lord Mayor Rose,
are simply endeaoring to throw dust in the
eyes of Europe."
Jlesigned. —AYo have bsen informed that
Matthew Reach, a Justico of tho Peace for
Georgetown Hundred, has resigned his office.
He tendered his resiguation to Governor Can
non on last Tuesday.
Large Hogs. —Four men in Bridgcvillc,
living neighbors, slaughtcd 10 hogs on the
14th inst., which weighed on tho aggregate
4,486J pounds, as follows : four killed by Dr.
John R. Sudler, weighing 497}, 487A, 467J,
446; two killed by Joseph AA r atson, weighing
491}, 433 ; two killed by Joshua Willey,
weighing 490} 4G6i ; and, two killed by Cle
ment Lines,, weighing 476J, 429}. AVe do
not know what somo people would call these
animals, but we call them genuine porkers.
AVe have heard of single hogs woighing mor©
than either of these but on the average
doubt whether they can be beat, if they can,
we would wish to be iuforined of the fact.
The Lady's Friend .-^Tho first number. *of
magazine has been received. Its
frontispiece, entitled "Gabriel AVilkie's Re
turn," is a beautiful steel plate engraving.—
It also contains a double colored fashion
plate, besides' other engravings. Its literary
matter \i of the best kind. The publishers
of this work also offer a AVheeler & AVilson
Sewing Machiue worth forty-five dollars, to
any person who will forward to them thirty
subscribers and sixty dollars. This i
easy way of procuring one of these excellent
machines ; now, who has not got thirty dear
friends who will subscribe for this handsome
book? so ladies all, who are in want of a
sewing machine send along tbo names. As
you get each name seud it to the publishers
with the money and the book will imme~
UU 1 -
diately forwarded, and when the number of
names have been received the machine will
be 8cnt f ree of cost with the exception of
Lud ' es fal ' iD fjr / our Sewia f
JdreT pI'Zu ^PhZ'cTphV
_ , , ... T
bor e /thU Va^rilTha. been r^yod."" _
„„y gentlemen ÿel^to insure tho good hu
mor of the fomefyine ^ortioar of his household,
for a year, he can occomplish that desirable
object by subscribing for Peterson." The
present number is well caleulaUd toentertain
an y lad y> as tU * reading matter is inudo up of
'I' 6 mi,st , choi . oa aad vftriod f ruia
t" 9 P® n °* eminent authors, and embellished
... . „ . . . . , _
with two fine steel engravings entitled "The
0 rpl,an'a N(JW y ettr> and Merry children ...
Subscription prie, is only *2 00 per year,
FM Accidfnt _ Cattia M „ us le y was fatal
]y injured by falling from the saddle horse,
in one of the foams of Jessup & Moore, near
Benjamin Elliott's gate, on the Concord pike,
Saturday morning. It is stated that his
ribs wero lnoke "' and U is supposed that he
was injured internally, either by tho horse
trampling on lnfn, or by tho wagon. He was
8peecUlc89 whon ft , Hn(Jj am , although lie livod
for about an hour afterwards, ho did not re
cover sufficient!« to give any account of tho
acoidpnf lyhich bad befallen him, Ho hiul
been iu the of Messrs. Jessup &
Muure f " r " uu, ff r of ab "M' 31
years of age, an4 leaves g vy>fe and fivechild
feD ffh( , rcai( j 6 L Rw y aml> to depluro his
untixpely end, fcoroncr Zcbley held an i H -
quest ovor the rcfiiains of deceased on Sunday
morning and theljury rendered a verdict that
" bo came to his South by falling off his horse,
and 'l 10 ^vhpel.s of tho wagon passing oyer
Murder of a Soldier .— Ou Saturday last the
dead body of a soldier named John Ford, of
Company B, Fifth Maryland Regiment, sta
tioned at Bmndywiuo Springs, was discover
ed in tho woods between Cpmp Lincoln and
Stanton, abobt 1J miles from the former,—
Oij examination a gun shot wopud was found
in his left sidenear the loin, which it >vrs
evident caused ,his d»»ath, Jt is generally
supposed that tlfc pn/ortuimto man had bocu
shot and drUggod to tho spot where ho was
found. Licuteuunt A. I 1 . Osmond, jr., had
the body removed to camp, whero Coroner
Zebley held an inquest, the jury rendering a
verdict that his death was caused " by a dis
charge of shot from a gun iu the hands of
some person qqkuown." The body was then
taken to Tilton Hospital, in this city, for in
ter jpent,— t?7a f
Futal Accident.—Two men Filled .—On
Tuesday night,"two men employed on the
gravel train on tho P. AV. & B. Railroad,
named Michael Peistcl, aged alxiut 60 years,
and AVilliam Gerown, aged about 45 years,
were instantty''killed, having accidentally
fallen from the tram while in motion, near
Price's woods, jfcernl miles below this city.
The wheels over them, mutilating
trmir ^yp jking j* uu., c r. Uuronor
Zcbley bold au iuquest or ,Wednesday, the
jury rendering a verdict iu accordance with
the facts above stated.— ib.
Another Man Killed .—On Friday night
unknown man, dressed in the garb of a sailor,
fell off the cars, while intoxicated, as they
were approaching this city, in the same lo
cality. He was instantly killed, his body be
ing horribly mangled. Deceased had red
luiir and whiskers, and was apparently' about
30 years of age. Coroner Z eblcy held an in
quost on Saturday morning—verdict "that
he came to his death by accidentally falling
from the cars while in motion .—ib
Shooting Case .—David Ritncr Lynam, liv
ing about a quarter of a mile from the camp
at Brandywine Springs, was shot by one of
the guards of tho 5tli Maryland Regiment, on
Monday morning, about one o'clock, under
the following circumstances. It appears that
u son of JoHathan Catlin had been summoned
beforo tho Coroner's inquest on the charge of
implication iu the death of Ford, lie was
afterwavds released aud sent home in charge
I M j * i
of a guard, who wero ordered to remain aud
.... , /• v I . . .
protect the property, foarlul that an attempt
x . . .
wuuld bo made to injure the boy or the proper
iN , , . r ., ,, j », .
tv by the friends of said lord. Mr. Lynam,
J . . . n
who was on Ins way home from this city, was
ordered by tho guard to halt, when his horse
, .... f . . _
took fright, and commenced running. One
,, ,,
of the guards fi^d at lum, and a buck-shot
® , „„ • ,
passed entirely through his leg. The wound,
though somewhat painful, is not serious.-^.
First Hesslon.
The probabilities now are that Congress
will pass no important bill beforo adjourning
over for the holidays. The bill amendatory
of the Internal Revenue'*act as respects whis
ky, tobacco, &c., was not sent to the Commit
tee of Ways and Means to-day by tho Secre
tary of the Treasury as was anticipated, us
the Committee has adjourned over till Monday.
The bill relating to pay aud bounties, and
that ameudatory of the enrollment act, were
reported to the Senate from the Military Com
mittee to-day, but tlicir consideration was
postponed until they could be painted, one
objection being sufficient under the rules to
effect this. The only amendments not pure
ly verbal, made by the Committee to the first
named bill, are
providing that colored
soldiers who are in all other respects put on
the same footing with white soldiers shall not
receive any bounty ; and one extending the
soction increasing the pay to drafted men as
well as voluutcors. The only amendments
not mentioned to the bill amending the en
rollment act ore one limiting several clauses
in tho exemption section so us to require the
claimant to show that ho actually supports
his mother, and one striking out the proviso
forbidding the draft of a felon, and one em
powering the Boards of Enrollment to enroll
any person who reaches the age of 20, and to
discharge any one who reaches the age of 45
between the time of enrollment and that of
the draft.
Bureau of Emancipation.—The bill intro
duced by Representative Eliot of Mass., and
referred to the Select Committoe of which he
is chairman, creates a Bureau of Emancipa
tion in tiw War Department with a Commis
iioncr on a salary of $4,000, at the head. To
his Bureau all questions touching freedmen
are to bo referred, and all returns of proceed
ings to be made by military and civil officers
charged with the execution of laws or orders
relating to freedmen. The Commissioner is
also charged with the execution of laws pro
viding for colonization, the delivery of bond?
for compensation for freedmen, and the es
tablishment of regulations for their treatment
and disposition.
Pay and Bounty.—-In the amendments to
the Pay and Bounty bill, reported by Senator
Wilson from the Committee on Military Af
fair;, bounties aro confined to those enlisting
prior to January 5, 1864, and after that date
no bounty to substitutes, and none to enlisted
or drafted men, excepting the bounty of $100
now allowed, will bo paid,
Tlio Enrollment act.—rThe same Sonator
reported back the bill amendatory of the En
rollment Act, adding a new clause abolishing
the $300 commutation feature of tho present
law. It includes the enrollment of "any per
son arriving at the nge of 20 years and any
who has not been in tho service two years
and honorably discharged." It exempts a
person who may attain Ins 45th birthday be
tween the enrollment and tho draft, but abol
ishes the exemptions of folons, and exempts
none whose relatives aro w'holly dependent
on their labor for support, unless actually
supported by their labor. Senator Dixon's
amendment exempts all persons recognised
as elerfj-men by the ecclesiastical authority
of tlicir denominations. Mr. Hendrick's
amendment proposes t\yo classes of enrolled
persons as in tho existing law, the second
class not being liable to be called on till the
first is exhausted, There is a project to con
struct a military wagon road through the
Cascade Mountains and down the Williamette
Valley. It is designed to locate its commence
ment at Eugene City, to run by way of the
middle fork of the Williamette River, and
through the jposfc feasible pass of the Cascade
Mountains near Diamond Peak to the south
eastern boundary ot tho State. To aid
iu its construction, Mr. Nesmith of Oregon,
introduced into the Senate a bill providing
for giving three sections of public lands for
each mile of the road. He also introduced
another bill with a similar provision in aid of
the military wagon road from the Dalles of
the Columbia River to a point on Snake River,
near the mouth of the Dwyhee.
In the United States Souutc on Friday, Mr.
Sumner, of Massachusetts, called up his
olution for a new rule, requiring that Sena
tors before entering on their duties tuke the
oath of allegiance prescribed by the act of
Mr. Saulsbury, of Delaware, said that his
colleague, Mr. Bayard, is tlic only Senator to
be affected by the order, and hi^* the right to
L*— Ukvtdvijd V/' vusfevr^d to
t he Judiciary Committee for iliclr action and
opinion. He made the motion accordingly.
Mr. Trumbull, of Illinois, opposed Mr.
Saulsbury 's motion.
Messrs. Johnson, of Maryland and Collji
mcr, of Vermont,.did not sec any evil to re
sult from the reference proposed,
Mr. Sumner believed that no report would
affect the minds of Senators, and urged
prompt action.
Mr. Clark, of New Hampshire, saw no rua
son for the reference.
unK I W„! .I.., .
Mr. Bayard, of Delaware, said he was up
willing without tho decision of the Senate.—
Bvrring his views against the constitutional
ity of the oath, lie could take the oath ps
readily as any member of the body.
Messrs. McPougnll, of California, and Row?
ell, of Kentucky, advocated the reference to
the committee.
G°° d result fn ' m a reference, us the Judiciary
Cummittae 19 the 8ame now as tbo >' ,e -
f ,,rted tbs act '
Hie question was taken on Mr. Saulsbui y's
motion toTcler, and decided in the negative,
~ b ^
Yeas. —Buckalew, Collamor, Cowan, Da
. ,, , 1T . IT , TT
vis, rout, Harding, Harris, Henderson, Hen
... ^ XT ... .. 0 ,
dneks, McDougall, Nesmith, Powell, Sauls
, *■,. ,, r . ,
UI *?' ° r ? ia ?' n §^ 1 * ni , p
Aays. —Anthony, Brown, Clark, Conness,
r.. rv 1**1 1 n * r* •
Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foster, Grimes,
1T , ,, , Tf . , , r , ir T
llalo, Harlan, II isks, Howard, Howe, Lane,
Lftne> (Kansas), Morgan, Morrill,
1Woj| Ram8ey? Sumner> ïen Eyck> Trum .
bull, Van Winkle, AVilley, AVilson.
Mr. Fessenden explained that he had voted
against the reference because the subject had
been considered in committee beforo the law
Mr. Ten Eyck, of New Jersey, could aeono
was passed. It was certainly a question of
interest to the Senator from Delaware and
that Senator's colleague,
Mr. Saulsbury said the former deserved to
be heard upon the subject.
Mr. Sumner said the Senate ought not to
adjourn over for any holiday until this ques
tion is decided.
Mr. B&vis said that, although the subject
had heretofore been considered by tho Sen
ate, there wore new Senators hero who had
not an opportunity to discuss it.
Pending the debate, tho Senate ^ent into
executive session.
Our Operations In Texas.
Boston, Dec. 19.—The New Orleans cor
respondent of the Traveler, under date of tho
10th inst., says :
General AVashburno holds the coast of
Texas from the Rio Grande to within one
hundred miles of Galveston.
Another division of tho Thirteenth Corps
will start for Texas coast to-day, and the ex
pectation is that Galveston will be the next
place to be put down in the history of the
war as having been reduced by the Uuited
States forces.
Générai Franklin is still at New Iberia
with about four divisions.
General AVeitzol will leave for the north to
join General Butler's command in a few days.
It is not known who will take his place in
this department.
Capture oftho Chesapeake.
Halifax, N. S., Dec. 17, 1863. —TheChes
apeako moved to S ambro Harbor, 20 miles
from Halifax, ye.sterdny. The U. S. steamer
Ella and Annio was informed of the fact, and
wi 11 be at that point early this mortting.—
The Government of Nova Söotia have issued
orders for the arrest of the pirates. There
are no other gunboats here.
Tho movements of the Chesapeake, since
her first appearance at Shelburne, have been
narrowly watched by the Uuited States offi
cials and the American citizens on tfio Pro
vince. Her whereabouts wore daily known,
but the absence of tho gunboats had caused
delay in her capture. On Tuesday the El lu
and Annie, Lieut-Commanding J. F. Nick
els, arrived for ooals, and was immediately
supplied at Cunard's wharf. Sho received
information oftho pirate, and at Ilf P
steamed for her, arriving at her rendezvous
at 3 P. M., but the Chesapeake left at 9 A.
M. of Wednesday, thus evading her pursuer.
The Ella and Annie immediately turned
back and steamed for Lunenburg for orders
arriving in the evening.
Meantime, the officials securing informa
tion of tho pirates being at Sumbro, notified
Lieut. Nickels, wko immediately steamed for
her, determined to take her, and at daylight
on Thursday acojmplished it. The crew of
fered no resistance, but at the sight of their
pursuers immediately fled to the woods, leav
ing a sumptuously prepared breakfast.
The Chesapeake was immediately takeu in
tow, and Lieutenant Nickels started for an
Am oriean port,
The Dacota soon came up and ordered
Lieutenant Nickels and the prize into Hali
fax lor Banption of the act by tho Govern
ment, where tho three vessels arrived at 4
P. M.
Throe of the original crew were captured.
Tho others were shipped in Nova Scotia.—
Tho Niagara left Pubuico this morning
bound East.
It is reported that tjie officials dispatched
by tho authorities to arrest the Braiue to?day
were resisted.
Rescue of tkc (Chesapeake Pirates
from the Civil Authorities.
IIalifvx, Dec. 19, 10 o'clock P. M.—At 1
o'clock this afternoon, the steamer Chesa
peake and prisoners on board of her were de
livered over to the government authorities.
Upon the arrival of the boat containing the
prisoners at the Queen's wharf, file excite
ment became intense. The prisoners were
seized by a boat's crow in the slip, and hur
ried off by the crowd in attendance.
Upon the government officers attempting
to arrest the prisoners under a warrant, they
seized and held by prominent citizens,
and rendered powerless to perform their duty,
The mob finally succeeded in getting the
pirates off in a small boat, which forthwith
oved down the bay.
The affair causes the greatest excitement
4.L»QuftLou£ tbo city. What h irso thp au
thorities will pur: ue in the matter it is diffi
cult to say.
The pirates arc now at liberty, and soq t
tcred throughout the province.
The United States gunboats are preparing
to leave. Some will take their departure to
piglft, aud probably all of thorn will leavo
before Monday.
Halifax, Dec. 19.—The following is the
statement of first engineer Johnston of the
course of the steamer Chesapeake aftor her
capture: " After we left St. John, the first
port we entered was Shelburne, where we ar
rived on Thursday night.
" Here we took iu ten tons of coal aud
some wood. Qn tho next morning we left for
Lahore riycr. Seeing a steamer ofi' the mouth
of the river, we concealed the vessel as best
we could, and ascended the river on Friday
night, We laid to at this point until Tues
day night, discharging a purt of the cargo,
for which we received a thousand dodurs.—
We sold the sugar for throe cents per pouud,
the flour at $3 per burrel, and other articles
at proportionate prices, We left tho river at
3 o'clock in th.e aitornoop, laying to at its
mouth all uight, and loading a schooner with
the goods which wo had not disposed of.
"On tho morning of Wednesday we steamed
for St. Mary's Bay, about ninety miles east
of Halifax. About nine o'clock on the follow
ing morning we saw a steamer, aad wo im
mediately concealed the vessel by hugging
tho shore. When the steamer disappeared
we started agaiu, We arrived off Sumbro
without .meeting any further trouble, and
were boarded by a. pilot named Flynn, who
took the vessel into Soinbro harbor,
" Captain Locke being now satisfied thgt
there were not coals enough aboard to com
plet© the voyage, concluded to anchor the
vessel, and he did so at two o'clock in the af
ternoon. In the meantime he started i'er Hal
ifax to procure coals and engineers for the
vessel. lie told me (Johnson) that, as soon
as he obtained new engineers, he in tended to
release me, and I told him that I would not,
on ony account, remain with the vessel any
Thn Captain returned at about two o'clock
on tho following morning. Having been suc
cessful in his expedition, a schooner c&mo
with him at about sit o'clock on tho same
morning. Tho pilot, Flynn, informed the
captain that the United States gunboats had
«nterod the harbor. The captain, to satisfy
himself that his statement was correct, or
dered me (Johnson) to scuttle the vessel. I
replied that I could not do it. The captain
then hastily secured what plunder he could,
and he and his officers and a part of thd crew
took to the boats just as tho Ella and Annie
appeared in sight,
Tl&e Outil of* Allegiance.
AVasiiington. Dec, 19. —Two hundred and
twelve rebel desorters were sent from the
Old Capitol prison this morning to Phila
delphia to t&ke the oath of allegiance. This
makes 418 that have been sent to the
same place this week for the same purpose.
Another Act of Coiiupiracy—Ah
American Schooner Seized.
New York, December 20.—The steamship
Morning Star arrived hero to-night from New
Orleans on December 13th, via üavuna on
the 15th. She bring« $100,000 in specie and
1100 bales of cotton. Among her passengers
are General AVettzel, accompanied by Captain
Fred. E. Smith, and Lieutenants Groves and
Fitch, who have been transferred to General
Butler's department, in compliance with the
wish öf the latter General*
The Morning Star also brings as passen
gers Captain Janies Nichols, and Walter
G reenough, supercargo of the schooner Joseph
L. Gorcty, which was captured by the pirates
on the second day out from Matamoras.
Captain Nichols reports that he left Mata
moras Nov. 16th, bound for New York, with
a cargo of cotton and six passengers. On
the night of the 17th, the passuugers with
drawn revolvers surprised and imprisoned
the captain and crew and took possession of
the vessel. Tho pirates after keeping the
crew iu confinement for eight days, put all
hands into a small boat, and told them to find
their way to laud the best they could. They
landed on the coast of Sisal, alter two days
and nights at sea ; there they got passage to
Havana. The passengers names wore T. E.
Ilogg, of Baltimore; J. Brown, of Canada;
James Clements, Kelly, Brown, and John
Wilson. The latter was a mate with Gordon,
the slaver, and says that he was in the Toombs
in New York for nearly five years. They
say there are four other pirates in Matamoras
waiting for chances liko this,
After they had put tho captain and crew
in the small boats, they hoisted tho rebel flag
and fired off pistols as a salute, saying that
they had authority from the confederate gov
ernment. When asked whero they wero
bound, they said to Belize, Honduras, where
they could sell tho vessel and cargo. The
vessel belonged to Franois Gorety, of New
New Orleans, De(^9.—The United States
gunboat Kanawha has arrived with the prize
schooner Winona, which was captured while
bound from Mobile to Havana. Her cargo
consists of 248 bales of cotton, 500 barrels of
rosin, 14 barrels of turpentine, and $5000 iu
Until a short time since the schooner had
been used as a rebel gunboat at Mobile,
The late black frost will considerably short
en the sugar crop in Louisiana.
Tho receipts of cotton in New Orleaus since
the first of September have beon over 43,000
One hundred guns were fired here, yes ter?
day, in honor of Grant's victory.
Rumors come from the southern confeder
acy that Bragg has committed suicide, aud
that Longstreot is trapped.
The recapture of Puebla by the Mexicans
is again confirmed.
Operation* in the $lienan<Joali
Baltimore, Dec. 19.—A dfspatch to tink
Bultimore American, from Harper's Ferry,
dated last evening, says :
Just as tho mail is about to close, a detach
ment of the 22d Pennsylvania cavalry has
brought in Col. Carter, of the 1st Virginia
rebel cavalry, and six other prisoners, who
were captured yesterday at Uppcrville, Fau?
quier county.
Messengers from Gen. Sullivan's cavalry,
beyond Winchester, report that Gen. Averill
and his cavalry were in Stanton yesterday,
and tore up tfte railroad track for six miles,
betw een that place and Gordonsville. This
is very important if true, but ft needs con
Charlestown, Va., Dec. 17.—Notwith?
standing tho terrible inclemency of the weath-.
er in these mountainous regions, Gen. Sulii?
van's cavalry are doing good service in the
Shenandoah Valley. Yesterday a squad oi
thirty rebel prisoners were brought from the
front, and the cry is still they
From tien. Butler 9 * Department.
Fortress Monroe, Dec 18.—A train of
cars, under a flag of truce, left Norfolk for
Suffolk yestorday, with fourteen women and
eleven children aboard, iu churgo of Captain
Tamblin and Lieut. Struble, of General,
Barnes' staff. These passengors arc going
south, to remain during the war.
Major General Butler has issued an order
for the enrolment of all able-bodied male
citizens, colored and white, between the age of
18 aud 45 years, in this department, to be
completed by the 1st of January next.
JVI^jor Stevenson, Commander of tho army
gqnboats, has been relieved of this command
by Brig. Gen. Graham.
The explosion of the magazine at Fort
Yorktown has destroyed almost all the build
dings regaining in tho town. Five men
were injured
On AVedne.8(Jgy night last our pickets
were driven in by the rebels at Gloucester
Point. Two companies were sent to their
aid, and succeeded in dispersing the enemy.
The Legislature of Virginia.
The Senate of Virginia, in session at-Alex
andria, passed a bill to provide for the elec
tion of delegates by the people to a convention
to assemble in tliv.t city, on the 25th of Jan
uary, to alter and amend the State constitu
tion so as to abolish slavery in tho counties
of Accomac, Northampton, Princess Ann,
Eliaabeth City and York, including the cities
of Norfolk and Portsmouth, the President's
proclamation of January last having declared
all the slaves in the remainder of the State
free. The act sets forth as the reason for the
change that without it tho executive and
judicial officer of the State, in executing tho
laws between the marter and slave, will be
brought iato conflict with the military authori
ties of the United Statos. A bill for a similar
purpose is pending in the House of Delegates.
From these will be framed, by a committee
of conference, an act w r hich it is expected
will pass both Houses by Monday.

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