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Blue hens chicken & Delaware Democratic Whig. (Wilmington, Del.) 1845-1848, January 30, 1846, Image 1

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PRIKTED AMU PEBLIS1IED ETEBI FRIDAY DIOR MIM«,
BV JEAIDELL & VINCENT, SOI'T K— Al^tST CORIEB Ol-' FROST ol MARKET STS., AV 1 EM £ M CJ TOM, B E I. A AT A R E ■
tfi
VOLUME I.
FRIDAY, JANUARY 3T) 1846.

NO.—24.
Ijhjb
B giAllli U LU . II. - t
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OBEGUEHAE VCW2B%
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In
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right, '
Imriaiiig cy«*.
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Fo
ly #'er co
Iler gloMy »uli
In curio lux.I
in„lc
Au-I grnc
rig»'*
nj. cheek,
I ml har bewfc
Tbs oncul t
balmy lip*,
O'er ht
Vith
Ui^luy.
All ilieae combine i-»gct!icr,
Id
cly
To
Vhlch
I »pell ?
Tha
And
Oh!
in
iiiah
hor 1 fuiu
D.D,
I lily Iuijh*
JOHNNY.
revillc,.
>1, Join.
WOMAN.
in youkcr skji
No
lighl like
b : la
■ B e
IK
Li I
! yicM» I
And wo
lioly light
fighter, brigh
\
right,
»«y I
I
I fa
liu
It niarsha
SüSLjECT taxes.
BEAUTY ASLEEP.
ELLEN ASHTON.
" What say you to a stroll, Harry, in those
fine old woods ?" said Franklin Carson to his
friond, as they emerged from the dining
the little i
of
Rockbridge.
"Agreed!" replied his friend.
The
: have thus iutrodu«-.--!
young
to the reader had left the cit^r, jbr a week, to en
joy tho trout-fishing of this celebrated vfefcrity.
Thoir dress, aif and manners bespoke them for
's favored children. Tho first spoaker had
a tall, commanding*figurc,and n countenance of
great intellectaal beauty. His compani
scarcely less distinguished by manly beauty hut
it was of a loss elevated kind : his face indeed
»poto of one in high gpod humor both with the
world and with himself.
Frank Carson, and his more mercurial friend
accordingly sallied forth. Aftercrossing a fow
fields they entered the wood to which our hero
had pointed, a noble piece of forest, probably
.—-centuries old. A deep gloom pervaded its
cesses, except here and there where a stream of
sunshine breaking through the giant trees, Hood
ed tho soft turf with golden light.
"This is grand," said Frank, "how
could enjoy Shakespeare here ! Think of read
ing " As You Liko It," in a spot like this."
" Ay ! and there is Rosalind," suddenly ex
claimed Horry.
"Where?" said Frank.
" Hore—on that bank," said Harry poiutfcg
through the
On a gently sloping bank, fast asleep,
letisly reclined a young and beautiful girl. Her
♦ace was turned towards the strangers. The
Ijhjb soft j
[mellow sunlight that guahj&i thrn»gkTtfaj4jiis
'ti'*Hind her. lUrff itr .tfiHt, ih'ifi V#,-% r^k
ba tho greenewar«! at her side. One hand hung
carelessly down, feebly retaining in its relaxed
hold the wild-llowers she had been gathering.
Her left shoulder was thrown somewhat into
relief by the position In which she lay, hrdf re
vealing the snow/ bosom which
with her breathj4g. 'Hie
ternoon light enveloped this,
white figure in rosy and delicious tints, like
tlioso of a titian. A noble dog half slumbered
bosider >cr, but as Harry unconsciously uttered
an exclamation of surprise
the <nimal looking up in the direction of the
d, and showing his white teeth, growled.
" Hush!" said Frank i
charm is broken."
"It is too late," replied his friend, " see,she
ft
half parted in a smile;
.1 fell
glow of the af
8 weil as her
much beauty,
hi8por, "or the
half languid and looking around,
Tho growl of the dog had aroused the mai
den. She
catching sight of the half concealed straggers
bounded hastily away.
" ÜIT, like a startled deer ! I should like t<
know where she lives. This is better thantrout
fishing," said Harry with glee.
" She is very beautiful," said Frank nbjtract
ir of modesty ! 1
rdly, " and then what
charming a blush."
"Tut, man you are in love already," said
Harry with a laugh. " What fun Ishalljhave,
if you take it into your head to woo this pretty
shepherdess, who, I warrant, is a little simple
ton mid knows nothing hut her catechism/'
" Here is a handkerchief she has dropred in
her flight," said his companion picking ityip.
she*has, » Maryfrrc
follow' her, like a true knightj ami
" A very pretty
ror," let
restore the prize."
" Not
frightened dready,"!
r<T'Ii''d Fnvik i|'ii> t!y jd.-ciii- tin; linndkc'fUAi
-
Mg.m d
The two lrieuds accordingly
the inn. Here Harry solaced liimsch wi h a
cigar and then a siesta,
dusk, when ho found his
out. In about half an hour Frank roturne
ke inti!
panion had
C
"You have been stealing a
ch 1" said Harry, as his friend o;
have fcfcin taking back Miss Trevor's hanJcor
chtnf. Your face pleads guilty. Well, is she
a dowdy, or dunce, or both ?"
"Neither," said Frank, with a tono of sight
displeasure. 0
" More in Jove than before, I declare"laid
Harry. " Only to think that Frank Cany ft—
rich, handsome and courted—should for flirte
winters escape the snores of our dashing city
belles, yet bo caught at last by a country ijimp
kin's daughter, who makes butter, mil| the
cows and digs potatoes," and Harry lay btokon
the sola and laughed immoderately at the jntigc
he had conjured up.
" I'
" but 1 would
uiieh
in iCve, by any me
, said Rank,
willingly marry a coitnlrjgirl
as onefcity bred."
" The douce you would. I'd
suicide
lief cfmmit
crazy a thing-," rnji.im.-il
"Take
" Why is MissT
said Harry incredulously.
" If I may judge by a half hour's visit she is.
Her mind is well stored and her opinions sound.
graceful creature I
of yourself then."
or really so fascinating!"
I I
-'ll' Id III'
" A country girl as graceful as Miss Danton,
or Ellen Rush, or others of our city belles—tell
it not in Gath!"
" If you doubt me, come, and
to-morrow."
of
yourself
Yersible
Mn0 to in love with her, oi
of tr y girii without style, fortune,
Harry
but this
of
4 Very well—but
you say, I should think myself lh
w ith any
ir connexions."
if she proves as
On the
evening the friends called and
surprised
jet a graceful an«l well
educated female, where ho had expected to find
an awkward, ignorant and dowdy Miss. At first
indeed, Miss Trevor
little embarrassed,
off, when she conversed with
and spirit. Miss Trevor had read a great
deal, and read too, with taste ; her table
well supplied with tho magazines of the day,
the latest volumes of the poems, and
works: she was altogether a person whose
talent, apart from her beauty, would have made
her distinguished anywhere. Frank evidently
listened to her with growing interest. Harry,
however, on leaving said she would do very
well to flirt with, but that, for his part, he wish
ed a wife who knew city manners.
" Shn is graceful, intelligent, and even witty,'
he said, 44 but there is a certain air belonging
rn beauties which is wanting here.
And then her dress !—why, it is in last year's
style and weil worn at that."
" But you must admit it suits 1
ioi:."
complex- 1
"And
Evening aller
e^er,jÿw« foUWl Jhj
Thé week which Fra
it would her grandmother."
.** the
uds, luttv
. and
ly determined to spend in trout-fishing, w
tended to a month, yet still the
gcred. Harry at first, had several animated dis
putes with his friend in reference to Miss Tre
's manners :
Isimids Un
she laughed
independent in her remarks,
d something, he knew
her hearing
what which a high-bred lady should have. Oc
casionally he quizzed lier somewhat scanty
wardrobe. But tlieso discussions gradually
became lees frequent and finally ceased alto
gether.
Frank, meantime,
seriously in love: and
in his life. Bu t he almost de
for the first ti
spaired, for while Miss T
to him with attention, her
hlways listened
smiles and her intcr
seemed wholly engaged by Harry. Indeed,
had Frank known his friend to be so en
'tertaining; ho would have given worlds as if
he could have been half as talkative. But tho
presence of Miss Trevor seemed
like a spell : the moment ho entered her moth
er's little parlor, his
and his ideas failed.
i Frank
J of manner forsook him, |
The pang of jealousy was
Franks other torments. Harry day by day evi
dently became
lie often neglected his morning's amusement
and devoted the ti
mistress; for Frank was too jealous ___,
himself to words and Harry, seeing his friond's
feelings, had too much generosity to speak on
the subject.
Frank, meanwhile, industriously continued
his angling, at least in appearance, for every
morning, with rod and basket, ho took his way
to the mountain streams, hack of the village, and
until the sun had sct,>vhen
J ;>• üvb ianatmo.
all the evening, instead of visiting Miss Trevor,
, M..I
interestod in Miss Trevor :
wholly io her. The
•ly conversed of their mutual
often did not re
ÙR-ld IMMi
formerly. But in these long excursions he
gling. Perhaps he
spent little of his ti
would make a fow casts until he had partially
filled his basket ; and then, putting up iris tackle,
he would climb
height overlooking the
iccalcd, he would
the white cottage of
village, where, himself
gazing
Mrs. Trcvo
One afternoon, returning sadly to his inn, he
had reached the foot of the mountain and was
threading his way through tho forest, when he
aroused from his abstraction, by the
of voices close at hand. Looking up he beheld
Miss T
fallen
and Harry seated on tho trunk of a
, which lay right across his path. As
other way by which to advanco,
the point of addressing tho lovers,
words of
lie
fixed by
coremoniously.
, dear Miss Trevor,"
;hen his attention
Harry and ho stopped
" Pray, jest not at
his friend said, " why will you not believe
in earnest?"
" Believe you in earnest," said Miss Trevor
speaking gaily, but with an averted faco, while
her fingers were tearing a wild flower to pieces,
" did ever any one know men to '
—as well believe wt
fickle, or country
girls no simpletons."
" Upon my word—up on-my honor," was tho
reply in a tone of vexation. " What can I do to
assure you of my seriousness?"
"Do nothing, Mr.'Ilaviland. We country
unused to fine speeches as you
take all tho pretty compli
whispered i
especially by a fine gentleman who would
amuso himself during a dull visit to a stupid
village."
" Really—solemnly— -M J.
"Nay, no oaths," said Miss Trrvo»,still gaily
rising, as she spoke, " you have carried on the
jest bravely so far, but there is no necessity to
sweat. I'll give you a certificate that you know
how to flirt and even propose, without asking
you to go on your kness or call heaven to wit
; you play the part admirably. Practice
d«iubt if you can get
devoirs to the lady
er. And
girls
fancy, aud do
ments for truth that
makes perfect, and I'
in love, that you'll pay y
elegant
having got through your lesson,
if you please for the air grows cold."
"But my dear Miss Trevor,' said Harry,
laming her hand, and Bpeaking rapidly and pas
sionately, 4 tliis i
distractedly—life is nothing without you. Here
I offer you heart, hand and fortune,—all I have
shall have."
fair in the
will return
jest, I love you—deeply,
Miss Trevor blushed
these impassioned words, but her answer
calm and assured, though a
perceptible in her reply.
" If you do
seriously, "I
bo yours."
Harry gazed at her in amazement. He had
persuaded himself that Miss Trevor had 1«
jbocn in love with him; indeed ho could
neck and brow,
of feeling
jest, Mr. Ilaviland," she said
sorry, very sorry. But I
derataml how ilshçuld he otherwise,
nothing of th«v»f*| >v which h;, J -,
of Ute- 1 elite of a city, a'iiu sue
country girl 1 But his assurance b'egafi
desert him.
to
yen* fca uoi rich and -\
" Then you do ■w
ton® between astonishment and despair.
** I do
half haughtily.
"Not after
last six weeks."
"Not after
!" he said, in a
," said Miss Trevor, half
constant nsnociatio*r forth«
that sir,' said she
quite
loftily.
"I don't understand it, Miss T
Harry, in a tone whore vanity ptMominttcd
quite as much as love.
"I am stlrc I cannot explain it."
" Did you not talk with me, laugh with me
and walk with me in preference to nl. others!"
" Iteally, Mr. Ilaviland," said Mfy Trevor,
coloring with anger, 4 this grows inperthlent.
I am not aware of having given r<nr-«v£ en
couragement;' she added more kindly, 'for 1
never suspected you were doing inything hut
amusing yourself. You made
intention to do so yitli me; you
quizzed all country girls and myqfelf in particu
lar. I may have tried to he as pleasant
sible in order to convince you that a.joo*r«try
girl was not, in consequence, a »impleton. J'or
such a motivo is natural to yourjex as well as
, but that I
so i<l
, at
| fi r8t> 0 f y
cav ^ n * s m y witness that
" ' ou 8a,tl 8omebo ' , 7 told y° u 1 to
amu8 f m y 8e,f with you-"
"^ou mistake," replied Misa Trevor rarick
ly ' '' Mr - Car80 " » above injuring a frienK
wa8 1 e . vi a K® : you
U3 ,0 r,en s '
...
J
"
8trove to wi* your love, o:
suspe ;tcd the possibility of such a thing
It
overhear?! Lot
bo nothing more."
" Then you love another," said lie qiuAly.
" And it is Frank," continued Hairy. »'You
deny it: he then is my rival," hefidod
d ■
angrily.
" I did not say
agitated
any longer;
my love—"
" It is enough," said Harry, pitying lu r
in the midst of his mordfiea
," said the lady qu1e2y in
is scfccly
. "Mr. C
jquaintance—he has
l.a i i-.i-sin. nt.
tion and pride, " tho secret i
safo with
Id ;
you home," ho addei, ina
tone of respectful gallantry.
\\ hat were Frank's feelings during tiis dia
thc point of
loguo ? Several ti
rusliing forward, but ho had tftways beat
strained by something that followed, until
length, the conversation took a
ho w
timt would
have made his appearance embarrassing to both
parties.
But ho
loved ! Miss Trevor's agitation
longer doubtful; and in the tu
mult of his happy feelings ho
though at another ti
Haviland's coxcombical assurance
rendered it
pitied Harry,
hofyould have regarded
properly
punished. How ho found his way back to the
, he scarcely know; but he \vas there long
before Harry. He seemed to fly thith*
The interest of
tale is
. '"ho next
morning Harry moodily left the village long be
fore Frank
up, leaving a slior
explanation excejt that ho
which he gave
was tired of the place. In a week, however,
Frank received a letter, in which Harry told the
real tho eauseof his departure, saying, diat
since his anger had cooled, he could 8)e that he
had been properly punished fjr his ajsurauce.
He bade God bless Frank in his successful
whoa absence should huv« o
d added that lie would
l'i; In
ft*
. «
rags.
The coolness of Miss Trevor to Frank, which
liad plunged him i
wounded
fiom pride,
neglect, h did not
of everlasting love ; and in less than two months
the marriage took place.
his app
take long to explain this,
A SAILOR'S Al'OLOGY;
Captain Christopher Cringle, was a short,
thick set specimen of human kind, with a broad,
good-humored face, and a bright eye, which
said as plainly as an eye could say, that a soul
inhabited that body. At the time I knew him,
he commanded the ship Oorondates, of Boston,
and enjoyed the reputation of being a good
sailor, a straiglit-feward, honest man—one who
was not backward to express his sentiments on
little regard to time
kind, but his
Or the Conscientious Car tain.
martingale.
all occasions with but
or place. His feelings
per bordered a little on the choleric.
One morning, Capt. Cringle wa* stauding
in front of Delorme's Coffee House, in Matan
, a place where Yankee ship masters in days
past,—ospccrally those who indulged in a liubit
of loafing,—were want to congregate. He had
bran couversinrr with some friends, ;i'*£l wa \io
the very act of telling on interesting story of
adventure he
it with in the untnhab
ited Island of Crockatoo, i
Sunda, where he
tho straits of
landed during a calin,and
was chused by a monstrous serpent while explo
ring among the bushes—Mr. Mayduke, a well
dressed gentleman, woll known in Cuba,having
resided for several years in Havana and Matan
bcing perceived by the
company, and tapped f'apt. Criuglo gently
on the shoulder, saying—with a conciliatory
smil
up, w
" Capt. a word with you, if y
Cringle turned
id, and when he
Mayduke before him, started back
suddontly c
serpent from which ho had
East Indies. A purple hue overspread his vis
age, his eyes flashed with
fire, and a dark frown rapidly gathered
brow. He returned Mnyduke's salutation how
ever with a slight inclination of the hoad,
drily said, "Mr. Mayduke, what i
wishl"
if ho had
contact with the identical
than ordinary
" Oh, I only wished *o speak
you about to
little matter—a trill in thing, herhaps; but it is
affair which deeply
,—my char
,—I should say my reputation,—but which
I dare say you will be able to explain satisfac
torily."
ir, what is ill" demanded Cringle,
with ill-suppressed indignation.
".Why, Captain Cringle, I have
i
" Well,
is all a mistake, and you will be quite
hear it ; but—but—in those cases
tha
ways best to go
I — Hore Mayduke
ed, that he could
if
tho fountain head, and
embarrass
proceed, He evidently
.
exclaimed* Cringle, in a
, "1 don't understand
clear and decided
you. What is this mistako !"
"Oh!" said Mayduke, who
sity of forthwith bringing tho matter to a crisis,
" it is rumored in Havana, but 1 don't believe
it, Captain Cringle, that you have
ccasion, said
thi
rather hard things about
"Indeed!" said Cringle, musingly, "and
what hard things, according to ru>
occasions?"
, have I
tixi
" Why," replied Mayduke, who seemed to
be gathering courago from the quiet manner of
d by
be a mis
the worthy seaman—" I have been told,
pretty good authority
take,—that
—but it
occasion, at a dinner given
by Mariatagni, Knight & Co., you denounced
a swindling blockhead! Hanl words,
those, Capt. Cringle, to apply
"Any thing else?" inquired Cringle in a
quiet
"On another occasion, if I have
grossly misinformed, you applied t(
epithets of thick /tended
gentleman."
the
ndrelr '
5, Mr. Mayduke," said Cringle.
" I have applied such epithets to you."
Mayduko was taken all aback at this candid
avowal. "Do I understand, then, Capt. Crin
gle," said lie, " that you are prepared to justify
your language in relation to mo?"
"It is all
"By
means," said Cringle, "I
that you havo directed my.attention to
ject, that
glad
the suli
a fair understanding,
always regretted that I used suoh lan
guage, on those occasions, when I
ing of you."
" Pray listen to him,gentlemen!" said May
th'ke parenthetically, add reusing tho bystanders.
"I consider it ungentlenmnly," continued
Cringle, to apply abusive epithets tea
hind his back. But 1 felt upleasantly at tho
, and lost for a moment tho command of my
-illing
I I
i., -
apologize for it."
temper,
44 Hear him, gentlemen!" cried Mayduke
with a smile of exultation. •* He apologizes
for the injury ho has dene me. I expected no
less, Capt. Cringle, from a
of your noble
44 What's all this ?" exclaimed old Captain
Deadeye, a rough looking sea-dog, who had
just joined the group. 44 Does Captain Cringle
apologize to you !"
"Tobe sure he does," replied Mayduke,
" like a gentleman as he is. He acknowledges
tho scurrilous epithets, ho used in connection
with my
logizes accordingly. I accept y
Capt. Cringle, with all my hoart!" and ho of
fered his hand,
, to be undeserved, and he apo
apology,
"Avast there!" cried Cringle, "you
fast, my good fellow : Let
going
stand each other fully. I did
disparaging epithets I applied
deserved !"
say that the
you
"Then what do you
'duke, turning pale.
!" enquired May
" What I said, exactly !" exclaimed Cringle,
an emphatic manner. " It i
ulv au4 cowardly net to say behind a wi
back, what yon wre I raid or unwilling to
to Kis iico. 1 said at a dinner Uble In piMfajj
of some thirty or forty gentlemen, timt I befleiß
ed you, Timothy Mayduke, Esq., ar, you call
yourself, to be a " swindling blockhead,*'
another occasion, subsequently remarked in
the course of conversation with
that you were "a thick-headed
wan very wrong in saying s>
present to hear
iiticmr-n,
ulrel." I
When
9. 1 ha
knowledged my
cordingly. But I now say
continued Cringle, raising his voi
ail pres
solemn conviotion that you, Timothy Mayduke,
of Havana,
headed scoundrel, and a ltiko
and have apologized
ycur face, and,
, it is my dclibcraVt-*nd
\ndling blockhead , a thick
Uie bargain! and I have been longing to tell
you so for six months past ! So,
got the load oil' my conscience, I shall loci
easier, I hope."
Mr. Mayduke said
a word in reply, but
looked discomfit ted and exceedingly urin
as he walked olT in double quick tiiné t.
away from tho sight of tho grinning counte
around him, and the grum bass-riol
laugh q f old Deadeye.
►py
The Clerk and Devil .—A merchant's clerk
came into a printing office a short ti
and seeing a pile of papers lying on the tabic (it
being the day of publication,) unceremoniously
copy, and uttered the ibl
helped himself
lowing to the printer's devil : " I 'sposo j
don't take pay for just
ways" replied the devil. Shortly afterwards the
devil entered tho
paper!" "Notal
whero tho clerk be
longed, and called fur a pound of raisins, say
ing" 'spoae you don't chargo any thing when a
fuUo-.v don't *&ko but a pound V*
. "JtoJ* sat ^ the elèf to sftor b-eiuqt th^H<*id
vnntage under which toe wà:- jrtnciS by Mr oVia
stingy illiberality towards the pennyle»«i print
er's devil, and looking daggers at tho little imp,
indignantly exclaimed : " When I get any
papers from a printer, VU pay fer 'em."
becomes
Inattention.—W hen a young
his master's business, he is half
ruined. He is then indifferent whether he
sella or not, and
up at less than
dise, and every day lie continues with his
the concern. When a person
not if the goods are put
t. His mind is somewhere
ter
has arrived to this point, ho i
to ruin.— Port. Tribune.
th.
We find the following good
M. Clay's T
in Cassius
American :—
named Bentley
drunkard, but would n
or in public, and always bitterly denied when
caught a litllo
One day some had witnesses concealed them
confirmed
\
drink with a friend,
tasting liquor!
, and when the liquor was
running down his throat seized him with his
clocked and his mouth open, and holding
ir of triumph,
in In
him fast, asked him, with
"Ah, Bently, liavo we caught you at last—you
would suppose
that Bentley would have acknowledged the
. Not he! with the
drink, ha ! Now
grave and irre
pressible lace, he calmly, and in a " dignified
nner," said, " gentlemen, my
Bently 1"
bridegroom
try editor for subjoining
the former's mnrriage sundry cpignuumatical
verses. Nevertheless
publish the following:
Married —On the 5/A of Sepinp'er, by the
Rev. Dr. Potts, Mr. Ezcidcl Black /> Mist Su
»annah Kettle.
"Pot told tho kettle it
Mercury.
t has sued n -
advertisement of
constrained to
illustration of the old saying,
black." — N. Y.
S^"The individual who has Hipped him
will bo kind enough
sound and healthy a condition
the substitute he left in i
,—N. r. Sub.
self]
it
it,
when he took it,
place does
exactly fit
If you desire to enjoy life, avoid unpunctual
people. They may impede business and poison
pleasure. Make it your
he punctual, but a little beforehand. Such a
habit secures a composure which i
happiness; for want of it many people live in
a constant fever, and put all about thorn in a
fever
itial
laugh at tho appearance of an old lady,
no matter how meanly she may bo dressed.
You may live to be old, and perhaps will be as
poor and friendless as she.
In New Orleans they call barbershops
• Tonsorial Institutes."
N
Pf^ ,crt! wore >naiu
andT«*"» jjjj* '"J 1 ' •'
r
.aSvs AND LAWYERS.
s the policy of •
bring jusliisB home^io
Blackstone tells
(the ancient Englisli Constitution,
'very ih on's dour, by constituting as many <8uiis
ind townships in the king
were redressed i
that i
ea*y
, by the suffrages of
«1 erpeditii,
ighbors and friends. Under the present feu
natural.
dal system, justice
safe, speedy, and cheap, than i
at the castle
bv far
present,
of the
All tria 19 took pi
lord , free of cost, and of course, was cheap; be
the triers w
i a reference, it was speedy; and
the equals (pares) of the person
tried, specially selected to perform the duty, it
safe. This system deserved the
justice—and how immcasurahle superior
to that of this " enlightened age /"
Take for
of
it
illustration the low
• »'! th
ancient cor
of Piepoudre, held at
every fair and market, their jurisdiction extend
er«/ very fair or
. The inju
id determined, all
, the c
ail injuries do
mg
any former
be done, heard,
within tho compass of
provided the fair should hold
market, and
«7
d»y.
longer. Then
urt, held every
three weeks—then the hundred court, estab
and the
the freeholders'
lislicd, says Sir Edward Coke, " for the
of the people,^frat they may have justice done
to them at their
doors, without any charge
the county
or Ims of timet " then there
court, in which the freeholders of the county
judges, and tho shoritT the ministerial offccr,
which could not be adjourned
for a longer period tliau
eight days.
Under the Saxon Constitution, which contin
ued in force until overthrown by William the con
Supo
month of twenty
queror, (about 10GC,) there
rior Court in England, called the wHtenogemot*,
which &838cinLled annually at the place where
tho King kept Ch>i«tmn*, Ik. à Un
tide, not only to <ib justico, but to consult u*on
public business. The Norman conqueror, Bar
ing this annual consultation, changed this court,
and established
hall, tlie judges
being composed of the officers of his household.
Some inconvenience being felt from this
being bound to follow the king in all his expe
ditions, in 1200, king John consented that this
court should become stationary at Westmin
II ill, where it yet
the origin of fixed courts and permanent judges.
Having thus begun to make superior courts,
they continued to increase with such rapidity
that, under Henry 111., (1216,) and Edward
III., (1272,) they had a
hold
?8. This
of chivalry, house*
of t lie exchequer, king's bench,
chancery, iiigh stewards and barons, (now
of Lords,)—all the result of ambition
and rivally, rather than utility. Tho statute of
Rutland afl'ord sufficient evide
II
that " these
courts were, in reality, encroachments upon
tho rights and liberties of the subject, during
the monkish age, when taw, religion, and gov
ernment, were nearly all in the hands of a •
rupt and degonerato priesthood—as few
other could read or write ; hence, the proverb,
nullius clericus nisicausidicut —no priest, no law
yer." It was through their instrumentality that
the courts of law were changed from safe, sim
ple, eheap, and speedy justice, at every
door, to the complex, uncertain, and enormously
expensive superior courts of Westminister Hall.
No lawyers existed in the courts of England
until nearly the close of the thirteenth century,
during the reign of Edward I. In less than a
single century afterwards it became necessary
f® enact laws to restrain them. History record»
the disgraceful punishment and ignominious i
flections passed upon the profession—yet such
j (nnd is) their security againsl those they op
pressed and injured, that they entirely-dii«:yard
ed all this, amassed princely wealth, and mo
nopolized nearly all the stations of honor and
profit; tho surest road to preferment, place, and
lolument, was through the legal profession.—
Attorneys, at this period, (1283,) were appointed
to prosecute or defend any action in the absence
of parties to the suit —not a regularly organized
corps as at the present day, preventing the par
ties at issue from managing their
Pleading are the modern inventions of law
yers to cnablo them to fatten upon public ere*
dulty. When an action is brought, tho defend
puts in his dcfenco called a plea —then
plication from the plaintiff—a rejoinder by the
defendant—a tur-rejoinder from the plaintiff—a
rebutter from the defendant, followed by a *ur-re
butter from the plaintiff. Then issue is joined.
Now all this is mere moonshine—it is all fiction,
. statue requires them—none of these pic
tain a word of truth, perhaps, and the defend
cases is compelled to admit that
thoy are, or judgement goes against him by de
fault.—Such is the imposture of the legal pro
fession.
The neglect of the crossing of a /,
omission cf a dot
the
formerly fatal

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