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be in all of of ol two of the THE HERALD the morning herald if) published every morning, (Sunday ex cepted) and delivered in the city of Wil mington and surrounding place* for six cents per week payable to carriers. Mail gulworiptions, postage free, three dollars per annum. Oxo. CBybhe A Co. Proprietor* and Publisher*; Cbokgi Troop Maxwell, Editor. Robert A. O'Bybh*, Ae't Editor. Office No, 509 Shipley street, Wilmington Del. btV. Notice to subscribers--- Those of our -ncriben who ere Indebted to the Morn- HkrALD, will oblige by an early re- mittance. _ -vrLOUSUTOE.Del., l>ee IS, 1*78. HU 1KG Tnn experience ef mote than a quarter of a i entury has convinced the temperanee pe -pie of New England that prohibition do 3 not prohibit._ Thb bloody-shlrt issue, of all Issue*, I* th! one that will bring ont the fewest Re- publican and most Democratic votes. In lb,- words of Patrick Henry, let It come. 8 The Millard elub have purchased a glflSO W ner grand piano, whieh will be at their ro' ms next week. This lea notable, and 1 > l able step In the musical affairs of our cit/. . 'f* are authorised toaay that General R L. Gibson, of Leulslana,declined to serv* on he committee to pass upoa Hon. J. H. At klen's cat* bacanse he had bean a class m ,te and friend of tb* father of th* family mvlived, but 1* not a relative.—[Waiting to Poet. No eane man can pretend that there la any occaalen far eacrasy In aay investigation un lertaken by either branch af Congrese In rel itton to so pablle an event as a general elt > tlen. By rafnalng to Instruct th* laves ttg iting eemmlttae te alt with open doore, the Republican Senate take* the surest way •f impairing public confldeace In the hon esty of his Intsntlons. Daylight and 'pub lic 1 y are not dreaded by those who have nothing to conceal.—[Wash. Poat. or the of te tue in i* Hon. Jams* Williams will accept oar th .aks fer valuable public documents. We acknowledge our self under obligations to him also, for personal attentions during onr recent visit to the Capitol. Delaware has reason to be proud of her delegation in Co.'iqress. Her Senators take rank with ti e leading statesman of the country, and no State can boast of a more vigilant and judicious Representative, and, withal, a more genial companion and courteous gen tleman. _ A BATCH OB CRIMINAL III Cl DAM1B. Morton, and Huhn the Market street rai way, stock raisers and forger.', were sentenced yesterday by Judge Thayer, in Philadelphia, to ten years iaiprisomsnt each,in the Easters Pemtantiary,—the ut most limit of imprisomeut allowed by law, for their offence. Bayers who shot hi* ife in the church of the Ascension, for which he was to have been hanged te-day was respited until the 16th of January; but with the respite, came also a warrant for his death en that day. Ilergin, a Mollie Maquire, wa* also re pri.;yed until the I6th of January. In thei r casta the delay is given to enable thei, ouasel to test the constitutionality of a re rec. nt act of assembly in Penn.,which limits tie time for obtaining a Writ of error, in ca, ilal cases, to twenty days after judg m 'it, it being held, that as the conBti' tu ion of 1874 m akes the writ, one of right, an ! a supersedeas of a death warrant, the L qislature could not abridge the pro. vi ions of the organic law. HISTORICAL SKETCHES. TMK OBI#IN OF NRWSFAFEM. NO, II Close te the frontier line between feet and fable, we must go, to zeareh for the oi igin of newspaper*. Half read people, who never fail to rretulat* what is called A agio Saxon civilization—are in the habit ol ascribiLg the origin of newtpapera as in' other things to what is eallsd the Angle 1 xon race- W* were led to write this, article, from reading in a religious ntws )■ • per, last week, a sentence of a speech made at a Sanday School Anniversary, vis: "The world owee 10 England shorn of tbe thraldom of Rome, th* newspaper whiob enables die., Ac." Whereat there v.as applause says the repert. This state ment is absolutely and without any quali fication false. It was no doubt received us true. To t te Roman time* we must go, to find the first newspaper. In the days of the Republic, a journal called the "Acta uiurna," aDd sometimes, " The Acti Populi," or simple "Acta" was daily pub lished at Rome. According te Suetonius Julius Ceaser having entered upon his ' ffice in the year of tha city 695. or fifty nine years h'forii th/ . 'th of Cnrial, in troduced a n w reguiat^co ( that the daily icts, both of tu- denntn and people, should lie committed to writieg and published. After the"AcU"had been drewn up, and at tested by a Quaestor wa* copied and posted in several of the public place* of the city, ml In of ale the ing la ly where citisens could read them and take copies. Cicero speaks of persona whom be calls Oferaii, who made it their business lo copy or make extract* from these, which they sent to their subscribers in Italy, or to the provinces, where they were eagerly Bought after and extensively read from the Seine to the Oroniea. What did they contain ? . I. Tiie number of births and death* in the city, an account of the money paid into the public treasury from the provinoee,and all needed information as to the supply, and price of breadstuff*. II. The edicts of magistrate*, th* will* of wealthy and distinguished men, report* of trials, both tha names of the parties litigant, especially that of parties either acquitted, or convicted in oriminal trials— also the returns of sny elections which had been held; III. The proceedings of the Senate, with a full account of each measure de bated, or acted upon. The proceedings of the Senate,—speeches included, were taken down, in short hand, by a Senator, as no stranger was ever admitted to its debates. IV. An account prepared by a Censor, ol such public events, and foreign wars, as the government deemed it wise to publish. V. Ctirious and interesting occurrences, ■jeh as prodigies, and miracles, the ereo tion of new edifices, great fire*, religious ceremonies, games, amatory scandals, with the names of tbs parties. Although Sue ton ions speaks of Cesser having established the Acta Diuma, it is quite certain, that it was no m ire than a revival of a similar daily journal which h»d ceased to be written and port' d, about two hundred years before. The Roman "Daily," filled in great part the functions of the mtdern newspapers:—Court reports, tales of scandal, Senatorial speeches, price currant of wheat and corn, news from th* legicn 3 , accidents Ac. It would re quire no great stretch of imagination to picture a ragged gamin, running through the street* of Athens, Syracuse, Alexandria, great fire in 8 or Antioch, crying ont, Victory of the Ramans in Gaul" "Elopement of Lucretia with 9ains Lepi dius" or any other of the excitements of the day. Time passed on, and the chariot steeds of the barbaritn were being harnessed be yond the Danube. The warriors of Bcythia buret in apon the Homan empire, and the civilisation of two tboueand year* went down like the wheat before a sickle. A new era began, while the oonquerera of Borne were being concreted, into nations arls, literature, and science, were driven into the cloi-ter of the monk. For twelve hundred years, there was no community, with a suffleienty high political organism te require a daily journal of event'- In tue loth century tbe Republic of Venice, was mistress of the Mediterranean, and Adriatic, and alone of all tbe Christian powers had acquired political aud social organization! in commerce, arts, and arms. She was unrivalled; her civilization over topped that of any other people—and with in the roar of ihe Lion of St. Mark, th* taper revived. The Venetian Gazette wa* nrst published about 1470, and was sold for a coin of the value of one half cent, called a gazetta, some say this was the origin of the name. Other*, that it came from oazzeba, the Venetian for magpie, or chatterer. The Venetian Gazette was at first published in manu script, but waa subsequently printed. It i* a singularity suggestive fact, that the fir*t writer* for newspayers were ealled Mxnaxti, because lays Vossias, they spread defamatory relectioni for which they were censured by a bull of Pope Gregory XIII styled Mxxaktib. The firat Eng lish newspaper was published by Butter in 1663, it is conclusively proven that the topics of the "English Mercuric" bearing date A. D. 1578, in the British Musenm are forgeries, as the original copy, with oorrections, written on modern paper, has been discovered in the pamphlet depart ment of tbe Museum. Marchmant Need ham one of the patriarchs of tha Ecgltsh press ; was as mendacious and as change able in r.is politics as many of the editors of the present day. He was first a royal ist, then a roundhead, then a Royalist again- changing the tone of his editorials as parties nse and fell. Thirty years before the first English newspaper, was published th- Gazktte de France was founded by Lotus XIV. The Dutch Cocrante Van Europa ranks the first English journal six years. Since then newspapers have multiplied, in every civilized land, and are now a necessity of every day life. It is worth remembering that the Aota Diorna of Rome, embraced almost every topic of the papers of to-day, The as sertion that the newspaper is an outgrowth of Anglo Saxon religious liberty, is not even open to donbt; it is falsehood pure Amrkgin. Rome a can ing of uewsi r in as at and simple. [Balt. Bvtnlsg New*. JOB GOBI—PHIY8ICAL CULTURE. llniaxs. Kbit***:—H aving read In tbe Dally News th* remarkable reeord of the world-renowaed aparrer. Joe Goal, and, thinking It would be both Interesting and profitable to many ol our amatear athlete* to know tk* system of training which ena bled him to face hla rival In th* ring, In on* Instance for nearly four hours, we vlilted him at Gibbons'* Hotel, eeeklng In formation at to how he acquired tbe requi site "wind" and endurance. He wa* obllg fog and courteous, thorougly posted in his bualueaa, and eminently conserva tive In hi* view* upon pbytlcal culture. Interrogated at to the short lives of such famous athletes ae Sullivan, Hyar, Heenan, aud Morrissey, and the pres* frequently using them aa evldenca ef the bad effects of tralulng, ha readily 1 re torted that they were not representative men. They were all notoriously fond of "seeing tbe gaaont." They did not lead temperate lives, Morrissey In particular having bean so Injured about the head In ward riots as to reader loag Ilf* improbable years before he trained for the ring. He deprecated tbe geaeral disposition of youig men to "over-train," attemptlcg feat* of •kill and strength aad daager without pro per preparation, looking upon their accom pl shrnent ae the end iaatead of only aa .In cident of gymnastic lift. Heavy ball* and cluba ha disapproved of, I . , _ thinking them «#y awful te exhibit a atrongme*'* strength, end not fit for g*®* ml service, hi* tralstng bell* weighing only two pound*, end u»ed only for n few mitt ute* dally. The heavy **nd beg, *o **ni* In rogue In thle country, 1* not need In hie training, bat 1* replaced by a mpended foot ball made of an Inflated bladder, cots •red with leather; thl. he .trike* and dodge*, and lta rapid and eccentric move nests afforded him sxssllest practice li warding and planting blow* In »parrlng contests. Time recalled for training waa usually two month*. The flret week draught# of •anna and salt*, modlfled with raialna. were taken to cleanee the *y*Wm, and the diet chiefly fartaaceeu*. The eneretoe before break feat wa* a walk of k three mile* and apon return the meal wa* tea and bread and lean 'meat. Then the walk wa* In creased to a ten mile "•pin," and upon re turning the *weating elothe* were need to remote *uperfluon* fat. After thl* the bath, and than dinner. Thl* meal con*l*ted of bread, lean meat, and a Rial* or two of ale or beer. . , , Thl*, ho think*, a**Ut* dtg*»tlon, helping the proper tfslmllttlon of food, end thus repairing the waste of tl*»ue consequent upon exercise. The walk after dinner le another ten-mll* "spin," making a total ol twenty-tbrea miles. It thus seems that walking moderately, simple diet, light belU and a foot ball, ending with a meal of tea and toast, Is all that I* required to develop the remarkable "staying" qualities of ofth# "gamast men" tka world baa eter known. Tom Allen, In training, walked daily eighteen mile*, and used rery l*ght bells. Bauer trains by walking, and uaea •lx pourd belli. All of these lnatancea gif# additional value to the letter* of Prof. Wm. Miller, recently so widely circulated through the press, to show the Importance of walking and running and careful training to Insure permanent and good results In athletic ex erclees. Wood's Therapeutic*, under "Kx erclae as a Tonic," add* furthar evldenca to sustain Miller'* opinion In regard to tb» value of walking and running, and give* th*m preeminent places •• aid* la promot ing health and longevity. "Hasten slowly" la a good motto for all lnciplant athletic glsnts and should not be, as It 1*, universal ly disregarded la our gymnasium*. Kespeetfully, Mnmcc*. on,- A couple ef bull-dozers have had eome. thing like adequate justice meted out to them at Tfinton, North Carolina. A* these particular bulldozers were very ag gravated specimen* of the genu* bulldozer, their conviction and Mntence to imprison ment for six year* in the Penitentiary, because they assaulted, with intent to kill a citizen who voted for a candidate of the party with which the two bulldozer* in qHest'on did not affiliate, is a matter for' very sincere congratulation. It would be possible for our congratulatory feelings to have a keenness which ihev now do not have, were the assaulted citizen a Republi can as well as a negro, and the bulldozers white men and Democrats. It so happens, however, that the assaulted individual is a colored man, and that his offonse was vot ing the Democratic ticket. His assailants couple of negroes of Republican proclivities, who undertook to discipline him for voting contrary to what they re garded a* their interests. In view ol the facts that all the parties to this bulldozing transaction were citizens of African des cent, the conviction and sentence of the two Republican bulldozers cannot, unfor tunately, be regarded as an evidence of an intense desire on the pait of North Caro lina courts and juries to punish with pro per severity bulldezieg by whomsoever committed. The conviction and sentence of these two colored Republicans is, how ever, an interesting expoait on of the im portint fact that all the bulldozing in the Southern States i* not done by white Democrats—Pbila. Evening Telegraph, Rep. were a HEAR THE OTHER SIDE. The Montioello Fla., Constitution b * lieves that Jefferaon county will yet be represented in the Legislature by four Demecrats. They charge that fraud and intimidation were practiced at the polls by the Republicans. THE 8EA80NS. "Oh I the breath of spring to meet In tbe morning air is sweet, And woman's love la sweeter than roses In May ; But the breath of spring Is fleet A* th* roses at her feet, And lore, like the spring-time, s r on passeth away. The summer sun Is brlirbt, The swallow's wing is light, And woman's love Is warm as a fine sum mer day ; But tha suu will set In night, And tbe swallow wing hla flight, And love, Ilk* the summer, soon passeth away. The autumn leaf la frail, Tbe moon at eve la pale, And woman's love la pure as the moon'* silver ray; But tha atlver raeon will fall, The leaf flies ou the gale, And lore, like the autumn, soon passeth away. The frosen stream la still, The wintry air Is chill, And death Is yet eolder and stiller than they ; But life's expiring thrill Relleveth every 111, And death, Ilk* the winter, soon passeth away. I The coming reign—presents. Gen. Beauregard has been appointed Adjutant General of Louisiana by Gov. Nicholls. Call and see A. V. Gaynor, 605 West Front St., to get your daily and weekly newspapers. All the Philadelphia. Hew York and Wilmington papers lor sale, also tobacco and segars, and variety store. A fine stock of Christmas goods on baud. decll-7t ■ CLOT felKq = r.. m SPECIAL SALE FOB THE NEXT THIRTY DATE,. -AT THE BOSTON ONE-PftICE CLOTHING HOUSE 213 MARKET and 212 SHIPLEY Sts OVERCOATS FOB MBN, YOUTHS, BOYS AND CHILDREN. N> order to oleer our eteck of a Une of HEAVY OVERCOATS, In tof er we will, allwwf r count from ear pressmflow prlc«» marked in plain figure*. Ooma tarty and make your selection. t, 41s We will allow thin woe diacount on some "Odd Suit*," ready mack from eithc r deportment, YOUTHS' MEN'S BOYS'OR CH1L DREN. Those are *9. and demand attenMen el all tn want ol CLOTHING. ALSO IN OUB CUSTOM DEPARTMENT we have a large Invoke ef BELEOT PAT TERNS, aud will extend the discount. To them. Now la Is your tins* fer a CUBTGM SUIT. Fit, Style and Workmanship guar anteed. ; V ,E. HOLMES, PROPRIETOR. ■ wnjotoaudmtopM* earn *om^mr£ '/ Arctic Icb Sind GoeiI Co Main Office, No. 2 Has, Swsot.a Sire-!' W M cd m r-?> r v - » < cd Cr. CD CD s p P Q O © W o >3 Coal pat in Cellars free of charge. J. B. CONROW & SON. Propria ^ora ■mmeiaiijM n FUN FOR THE MILLIO ft a 5,000 PIPES GIVEN AWA¥ ! Comeandgetap«uud of Qorl light or- ilark NAVY CHEWING TOBACCO fjr Cents oer pound a*J a present of a 25 Ce it pip,. Ora pouad of good Sino'tli ROUGH Ji READY and a 10 Cent Pipe, ' TEN THH0U8 AND POD >4DS OP TOB ICOO AND ■i 100,000 CIGARS THAT MUST BE CLOSED OUT BEFORE THE FIR (T OF JANUARY. FIVE HUNDRED POUNDS OP ODDS AND ENDS AT MO isT ANY PRICE' Hard tlmesand no work oalls for Low Priors. And you flat tnem at The Great Tobacco Mart 'fl.W.COR-1TH4 3HIP.LY SrS.. WILMINGTON DEL, i.i. mm ORIGINATOK OF LOW PRICES P. S. Remember this offer holds good until January 1st, 1870. NOW ON HAN L , A FULL LINE OF THE LATEST IMPROVED stoves, Heaters and Ranges. ESPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO THE LARGE STOCK OF SECONDHAND OFFICE AND PARLOR SI07ES. In good condition which is being sold CHEAP. " House Furnishing Goods. AT THE STOVE AND HEATER EMPORIUM O H. F. PICKELS, 7 & 9 E. FOUKTH STERET. sep26.dm *9. OldB' ovea taken In exchange. H YOU CANT STOP US! W ' WE ARE BOUND TO P f=l HALL/S 02 for: Ol ® BOTTOM PRI ES Ju it received a Full Line of Gentlemen's, Women's and and Uliil dreu's shoes, which I shall sell at the Lowest Possible Prices, which I have marked down to meet the times. I am bound to take the lead this fall. Call and be convinced as to caeapness. We will not be underso d. Misses' Shoes, $1.00 aud up. Women's shoes 1.00 •• Children's " 40 " jiX Also a Full Line of Ladles' Misses, and Children's full dress Sho«s a 1 the Lowest Poss ole Price for Casa. Remember the Place 507 Marko Street, Wilmington, Del., nearly opposite the Clayton House. P ^ Men's Boots, Aieu's Gaiters, Boy's Boots, 12.00 and np. 1.45 " *r L&O CD Ul J. Hall, Jr. CD CD ENOCH MOORE, Jr., FOURTH STREET WHARF—DEALER IN LEHIGH, SCHUYLKILL A CUMBERLAND COAL. ELMWOOD for STRONG DRAFT, INDIAN RIDGE FOR FREE BURNING. Put in Cellars Free of oharge The best coal sold in the city, 2240 lbs. to the ton. Oak and Pine Kindling Wood. BRANCH OPFICE, 618 STREET.