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The new North-west. [volume] (Deer Lodge, Mont.) 1869-1897, July 14, 1876, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038125/1876-07-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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CAST: c; ' n
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; i. Loif MA!N JA.(CKSON STS.
HieIona. ~Montana,
rr o o rictors.
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2 :;n LAP.GEST
1'i : E I.ý 1Ut'Itl ill I 1Iv 'i'erri~hrY. 1
-- iL i, a le1se for a lout; term if q
,it-m-,, -1 t;i. ire aid Conimotditious l"iie,
SI! I~lt, refirfib'.'Cll at.l d enibel- q
li-~ parlors and elegant snits
ii ep ns or ptainis will be
ý;ý,uic· 1 1 : .t 1 nue to in11 ovCe and keep it
< ! , riilci ri I · The tables arc
si1 llbiit lile very best tihe mrnarkets
afford al l oi 1-1 deb(icacies of tIescason. Ait- t
han.ule lt .pflton ie. '['cr105, reason- 1
Warm Zpringz Iotel
L, ;7;,A 11alR 4 ProprietOr.
iii: '1>10 SnUGllt~ne' thrat tinl shnx~c IOUll
;,·~ ~i· ·· t.., ' cn ro ll ,'" ll cca 'll cnt I~lciliiiea·
'ii .t" *I:!d1 with atll te h~liciCIe5 of the
Lx1.cllert .31±th Booms; Medicinal Waters
APTLY. 't.-~ L 2
i'i ; l" ."' · ·I~l~ the it'arli C i lN ,"SP" ntt ! ly 1il: "rl·1(
.ýi. 11, .1, ",t,1,; ttucl w,.)? Y ::1,te r .11 uuiulilent.
L 131LAN0Eli?
Deer Lodgo and Butte Road,
I- I ItItLY t AiNCiI ELI'b,
Allen Rierse, Proprietofu {
"Ij" iNTEflliTI1IlhiT FOl I
ti ll It. sl l lO1",ta pnTr
Hllll I NIUC ~fil* V 1I PleaSD
I i!º l fffltion G;iren to AuiifalS.
UE~J~Y IMKAlxl14I~~,
,7 -?y 4,~ ~ I /'" . " `k ' i `ý
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"-• tnnial O.r-tion.
S it. .,, . xv
S -om it the
th n. ,l,-: , f L : ",.'.i . . n-t 'l' d.& 'd by
inW t 1 ' 1t. n IrI c v !i b .;it h'' l N l inigh
.,,~r. ~,: : , 0 . . . 'i. '. ., : :thi t I' t ih
dl,.i - vi t 1 -t &,u . ,lt t "o ; t.'z'c,
Ss,., i . t s uo., f t: , i .h i!'
h , i i nh ,t.' ltn ai ii, t ' '',I'" f h-' i i
iJuly, i ';". 1' ',lt c ka ' ; in1 c;tln'
lhft 1,i,. i , hme in the y earl 10 1., to ..,
forth ui i cr te' h'aki rCst ipUA i:: et., ll 1ir 'Thi.,
wahl tmilt silt't d till the, c'ame to :" it 'r'l.t
rai' C:ý, w 'ih::h coud!itry they lrainw llt in0
111d3, ( l; lil i , -tii:n c. t ts) they little
t9;oulj tt l:a:. th " nlyC'' idi,(cotvurl . an.
w II.,i;e fiO l:, t' . thi' r ,ation'l:ti t iad
tla it I 1 2 t'one C' tI:itbu.-s woV il' claim it
il:'i f 'ti th1,'. ' it would go thr.1 ug1 tilti
Ct ''` ," : (of gon-u'!'lii:t 1 ut until a.t last
the 1, . ... (':st.;1g - Hl il roi" c: :perim .ieC ts
nilI 501 n10: - nv'' y I, t the w I l) ,Ot n b, t
l , t 1 1(1 . l l ....1`" o.ý 1' to -Is
the Il. .,, nid( i:: . ..I 11i . t',, hres,,-hohl of
i :t ..th 1':1t id.t. ,'. a f.ib 1.1;) . 15.011 ' i ove r
li!: < nt o' 0 : W a% r, ,COtt"' Uri"ntl c.,n
c )!tins than t he 1uilf , stlubbor'n f1:c;'
thl . 1h whiih t ht litcon;It'yliu.<s;p]:'s 'l.until
lilt.( - 151 from] i the c un ibei. it coim.-, ilo:L
puillh l '..nt tlenlatlled to tak " it. p, 1 ,t o!t , t lw t'n
th,' nati)1)", Ofte t O1; 1' , and s, ow by it-,
li , ry that there i. a IProvidenlcc th::a rul's
ltO d .e-ti li,'.,of ; h .tio;501. i, , :t" t1'.1 :. 1
as we n:,Y.' ' t oll I ir, 1, 0.-11 the
c lonutry 1+,:1' ', l' 0l l" a, 1 . oh " f il
structh• :l t'! 'L('.il of i1:, . i n(,lt eli
of .17n1( 1 i.:tl : ci il:zat l,;n a11d n:i5 -in, li -
"t \1.'. 11 0 .-.In to.u5, t ab. t, A meoriec -.
ti( k' w ; wh, thou"h ti+,:, -n s labor"
i "1 '," the oalni;;eme1t of thoii" le
,pe(CtlV(, so,)Vt'ri' gns, wer-'', : vet;1'i It. lets, in
tI'iIuIt ue : in 1_0 1',; hands of accolml'lpihain"
Lis ..re:t da0.igs on the Ancric.lil c01t1
net t. Tie work of ln'par'ation was ca 1'1 i.Cd
f1rwa ll\ , generation afttir F'elnotti.on ac
0onlli. hinn their mi:.Obion and pt.o<ing
awcay. The workmen died ; uitt G(d car
riod ,.! the work, t.ll, in the fulhness of
time. fi ' ot m ' th1 sv:I-.,ilt -[!ore of lassach u
.ats .,is Ir'd tiu ,host wlhoso ever bera
ti,)n s,5 , lh'd lroulnd tli wh rld. It i.- (1ulr
design this ; fter'nI/ n | ') lo 'e.'l'nt s,501), of t he
principal,'s er( nti , of ti:C' lI;kolatit'.n ::nl :.li -
,tqllut.. f;rt's in ('.u li..to'ry, kcv;ing the
!,ltr vtiltltt ('..til OIi .' theo' rizi^5 " .7 s5~1n1
't el2 ' ,CC_.lasi nll : ;:' n it mIty 1.:' 1:i0,. ' proper
1y putst'd . tln o11 a ('oentcu:i:, .ýli n 'n i "e
;ul jcet Iai's. (+:'e it n i her iner
.u ,Use , it th the ('ln ies t reated theium mlore
like s-la 'i.,s than ~ , ns of Iitihsires. Loid
('ihihan in onc of hib imasterlyu 1spee he. in
the Lou' of ;ri "t, ,a : " Evenn ti,
,hinmncy ewer'; c r·s t t:he , ti'cets t:lk.' r
1bo;: i.n ly t1 'eil' subic lts in A mIIcICa,
and it v,1a l'' g-uin d l l'' E (:; ptll had i o dt o
,';as sie-:a . .antib o Alm ican Colouies
a,+utl,1 t1 " quickly as toe slava <ni -va
the cl,c .,C i n a. ter. Tl .is : .,. . :s
lct -,h 2 l . i "',11 1 : aO . in 1ii.. t1 t I n1 -
cia l b alt', stu b, mu i ' rd t,) P a irhlia m;e ! tt, e 'x -
hibitt d ::l -x e hitiherto 1-.-r,*
dented, s',.t , i_. - 1a dcilet-7'y ' l}L'.C it- i -
lin. of .i G;li, t:. . orgC e mi l _ e
tilt head cf the ml',:istry and i:nl.ibin.; tie
i 74t, a !ai; Act to operate in the A\mer
ican Colonies vheri.by i12oy sioilhd 'tA t, il,
uto toward this debt. A c:,!y of tiI- Act
was transmittedl to America, and was met
with indignation by the pcoile ; whiile the
assemblies of New York, MIiasachu.it, - t
Virginia, and Penusylivaniti inuneodiat ly
prote-Cted, dccl:iring that tax'ttion whit.oiut
representatioln .as reducitlitr thicli to the
condition .of slaves. Dr. Franklin was sent
to England as representative of the Colo
nies and endeavored to impress the minis
try with the indiglnation of the people, but
in vain ; for on the 22d of March, 17(15, the
Act was signed by George III. and became
a law. This, of course, caused intense feel
ing, but as yet no overt act was perpetrated
by the Colonies. Though cast down they
were inot forsalken. God was leading thenm
by a path they knew ntt ; for it appears-to
us to-day, looking back upon the past. as
though God allowed the hearts of the Eng
lishl inistry to be hardened, and caused
King George, within two years from the
time of signing the first Stamp Act, to firm
a new Cabinet with Charles 'lownsend at
its he:ul, a man of Ailli ant wit and clo
lnence, wholci power over Parlianteit w s
unboihndied; one' who would einforce the
old l.aw, and make his name notorioul:, by
introdutcing another bill to oppress the Col
oni':;, making the yoke tliready heavy to
gall and chafe, until patience ceasing to be
a inlt ue, they wouldl no longer submit. On
thi f 2lth of June, 1717, the bill imposing a
duty ,on tea, glass, Iape:, and painters' I
cob.lo s bt canme a law. W'Ve have learned how
thesa, Acts stirred the heads of the people
as they found themts.elves reduced to servil-
ity. Their condition likened to the child
ren of Israel in Egypt, in other words to
toil and llabor that (Phnoa Ih) King George
alni l'arliament might dress in fine linen
and fare sumnptuously every day. ' What
matter if the cold, bleak wind swepIt its
chilling blast through their cabins, and
pill.l the snow upon the c )erlet of their
bede. What matter if frail women and
hiel;,lcsi children were on the verge of star
vation in some sparsely set'ledl sections
and tl!ough they called for breador aid it
could not be rendered ; and thou(gh their
childreul die from expos'ure, thel tax must
be paid, or the hirelings of the kinff will
seize their farms and hly their, humble
dw-,nlliings in ashes ; taxed they were, pay
tho tax they must, and that without a bhea'
in,, for thcse odious and painfulliaws were
imposed by mseen who knew nothing. of:,their
walns, and appeared to care lets. -I the
intld ration like fire lohog sin rwas
detifnel to burst forth in a repidrut
flae o patriotism and true manlood,amid
which Ahgland and the whole world were to
Ihear the voices of our forcefithes, as ncie,
c olaiming,
" Give tUltCirty or givce t Dea:th!"
T ei indicatiojis of the coming storm were
heb ind Inthe expressions from the different
assemblies of the Colouies, prominent
am.ong which were the words of Patrick
Henry, who, in the niidst of a speech to the
;iassembly ofVirginia, in referring to taxa
tion witi ! ''lries.oWC at sn and the tyranny
of the tuotltcr country, said: "Ceser had
hi I Brtus, Charles I. his Crowell and
George III.'" "Treason!" cried tl cr
.-n'may profit by their fxample. If tittibe
Si treisoi make the miost of it.' t o -oerce
Sthu~ Colonies and' particularly the ctiof
Thiston, stldier;s were stutt diad there in the
autumn of 1768. Atnid t liteF unalppY cir
' tiimstances pecie w-Ispr aiinVi ed itildn th~e
- stith of Mabrch177O0 when <º eola oat s mr'
aa betwcest thie troops nud citizens or 13,s
on andt four of..the.lattr wea,.ill,,d
; y..cal woitided.'- Tle British lmiimiý ap.
" a . 6 a.ofo s deriving toro
ie of' of thi!'r
other indignities, was more than t!e p:: ,il
could endure; for when the tea arrived, ,i:
stead of paying tribute, they cmusd i! :,
p-ay tri:bute to the si-:, ca'i it-c ii co.l
11om; the sl,;i, thi: _ : ..; t it, al" 1:.,-t:o
IT.:: II, 1'l ,an the fa : ',- teapt, t l r' ,C
:11 tie tta E] l,: au!nd sl1 ,'1!,; . 'nd. To 1:-n
ish T he tl'I:le for this, the t'olonial c.:t
of 'lass,.chlustts was d-m:n:led, and any
,.. rs th"y had heI , fUn :fore eived A,',
:ac n from tho . 'c is t chiti r "w s : vt
.:c ad.rd by the ctlo n i as'; a satr.'d ctom
piit betweel ' I the Lit , dand themsel :s; and
wvItn l:in', C( e e't' a:bitra'ily an.tilcd i`t
t icy 1o' ici ied they ;ee fron that mllo
,int i:t- i::'rncde' t and f -co from their alIt
c·, to' tihe iki ti.ho chro n1. 'The rigt of
lriid by j:r, by th i:r: ow c .:uintymcen wats
a:' t:.: 0 w'-y,- and ir:s' 5,s aceusced of
c:".:ai:n c( es 1 1ro:'Ce o d.eried to Ihtgl:.nd f' r
tr'il. Thus t i'ndigt all 1,1;e of dr, ss flt'rom,
tl:e nth:-r cou.intry takuen away. they ri
ohld t, trust to the God -;f thl. i fa thics
and their own rihtarn o iit the wvw(mng
lhey 1011d suc I.r:ml, :lid on the .'t! of Sop
.,l r, 1771, fifty-two hie', 'tes f'rm 1"
clee ,.s a 't n tlhe ' c C y of Pi hil hAlttc' :i- to
Jake acti;n fi' theirn utul safety and pro
t'ction. Thli wa1 the session of the Con
tin., l (.'ony.r:G':.; - h'h was composed at
-i1;. of 12 ct0- i.-:, no'c- afterward joined 1yv
t "r;.ir:: ll;', 1 ýikii·g !0I', ,r; :in:l 1:3, who,undert
,x,,. wc-'e to ma1, th' dei tinies of a c 'oun
try .hat ft, a: ,st, cm" :-.l1ho d 1, "Th
:i(d 'f the free, and the hiOint of th
'', ,'nuh- I be nrc :'it to duty, did we
fa. t, n. i tic I l-.. rif ci i'g devoti on
1 1t. ,: spfit of holy c p t'f lilt 1 ttt actu
-it"-'"l:.i, " i dva nct'menlt gr:ted 1r
ga; ,. ::< u1kn_.w n amn.. them. Tiy
r:t r t, eir " i '"rs g , ;atl. her wel
,'t : s lh .,. , i tix of their mI inds,
while i -, l en ro;,uld t 'e hli-'st al.c
I'' ofth:i hit-' . Ther clrwtr have
',n ib i.lrl.-o"- u:-i every L:.ae
of Amneric.n l hit ",. A:d , en C l
'-, w,.inl w-t- have Sin l ' .'-1 to r '
a.lt is h; 'isl.: e h l 1 h v' t t rUl t, .'
e', n led tfr'ttf the path of r,.t li:.i u a .i
tv. ::e o .:remh:d. th,0m1 of F"a:..
,hldi-,'rstn, Livingti : , lhu'ris, .-,da;., ,.:ui
fr -elf, but fi': t±' t I:il ti ey lovh d n.1 {Ir
,ik , Ut with a 1 wiint.tue::t 1 - h 1t
their eh oral i,.eI ns on thC :11,1 f
sa icei'' , ti t ti:c c u' try cit'i r t of' i:ct
FIo 0h' s, t:'I ' ti 'ed-- thr' " c iv 's, t .i
1 ; 1::::es a::d !. ; . ::. .clod l,, ' . nd l,, :, -
in c ,::,k tir:o gh the it t wi ", .
to t e:o a cc tic: of ti i:-i , i c x
an ' i It'. hI th r x iiit s Il, 1', ct-'
t3'd tih'.m, we fcid t -,ucli l u :' :. i. c . i tt.
.pt 00y ,ft nu i;:ng t ,1 i1 \i::, hI
.i ; ,f ' t ,' :c h t ; in ito Ih 11
, mi e of ri d cit , -ty h x:.v-e 1 I, t: c
i',v th1t be t twill -:, u S ,o,:'.
: h11"11 'i; d sires. ':, a)lb theo i -I;,'u:. ,:
ltn e. devolvin±, up1 ,:' Ilt0',0, I-.s ,'t'
ti,:;1 :: (.'to, nander-in-( ef ," ,
1 , `. f eft`. Comnprehenle'i..; ' I: i ,' :1'
1:l,1.):sibility amli trlu t they w,,re ,ob:.: :,
tVnl.t.i: to .tie iinds of- of Oil ii.:. , ,n :
:-:,wi ]s ow finn' iti e wrc:'' l mllnilco itjc:: .'it.
:'. Franklin li.ing in hi ] ,lac: i; is , u-t ,l
t.l hake 1:1 -,,ed "'' :101 '. 1t 1 1,_c bvltc 1,11
C'om.nlu:nder-in-('hief of the army is t.LA.i,
1h1 (.'i,,llain be reqiue 'ted to ii,,,k.- tl:}
a)i:.,' l a1' d 1 ,lessin-_c,' and the'w , n1:n};
Lored h1ad -!and s tce0_e he'rt:, they ,e
se,'ch the Hul," of the Un1 v'r.se t. 11 '-,
thri:lr.llse : 'l\i0 them a mln wh1`
t'm-t is in 1he L;.l, it:l will lead thcir tor
m: cs tl defulnd tl,,ir country, tlh i:" lov',ed
: ,''1s 1n1 1 th e ir l les ,. (G roid : t'ai " a , R '1 n tl ,
c: .',111 thei, praye' , for wh'n ihe lt,. t
0,1,; tal:cn and the an:1 ; of, (it c. ,ash
i::;,'n was Anls' 10l' d, y;:, kl.owtV, " as w,
1h;0, ifever n1;1n Wall, C, dl t , a I pit lr ilal ' 011.
,;,rk;, a.d was 1 's d a-a divilely-,,,oibted
in ,tru -, : for the acc1,lplii-.:n nt ,,f Gd'
tk ..ig 1.. t . ,,,'ke t` vsh'ld .'ton W,:s 1 Is, m a',
w1 ea: tlr:ak the yoke of t],11m::loi.
a",l i c t . llnSl nel? nT 1:1" 'L tZ[T r jTY':'I. ''
-: : ,. .li!.c: ti._`s 1,- o i] , "..' : irbe :1i i,.` ,'S.
Ott th. brooks v it" i c 'eatr :unli 1 i
heal L. !ih mn ,,c'sly (1"f this rien-.r:u l. e !:
n`.uni5 (,:.q1 : J by 1.. . re atue- . In
(,one :ue by this' appiintmient, yet I fc:l bi
5re't cis ress f1'Ome :: cOcscioutisnless t11h1t my cc
biloitiieand i miintry experience ar' e n1,
equal to the alduous . u: I wi
every poweij. pnvses. , in their solrii :is ; d
for the support of the glriouut ca:t e, l i,;r t.1
swer. Not only vas tlh, year 177O 1o i,';t't1- r,
able Lecaauso of the n:eting of tm; P
Continental Congress, but events were a,
transpiiing that were replete with int rest, a
prominent among ' which was the fiast reil ( i
battle of tie war. liertofore the British t:
soldiery coming upon defenceless citiznls s
h1iad disgRaced the name of soldier by sholt- t!
itg them down in cold blood aid Imu'derie g a
peixcful inlhabitants like dogs on the streett n
of Boston. But the 19th of April dawned p
upon men with wholm paticuce had cease, ;a
and they resolved to submit no longer to i
see their aproperty hirned and their breth- i
ren slaughtered by their side, for whenl ti ,
enemy opened upon them they returned the n
fire, and as darkness ci:sed the battle (; a
killed, 180 wounded, wilh 2 pri soners, toil
how they had puiiished their foe. This on- v
gageimet was followed by the brilliant ex- \
ploit of Elhan Allen in capturing 'ion- (1
derga aind Crown Point. Marchiug his v
forces up to the fortilication lie demanded I
its surrender. The co.maltier' st'-,ri'C.
euquired in whose name he made such t
demand; when this gallant soldier ill is
reply reminding us elf c(ideou's host, said:
' I d'emand the surrender in the namie iio,
the Great J.Tehovah and the (ontin'nt:l r
Congress." The Iiiiti.hl commniander, ap::'- t
SentlJy realizing that the Contincntai's had t
becomite the cause of leaven, surrendered t
to superior power, and 1t10 cannon, besides
1minunition and stores, became the proper
ty of the victors.
The year 177v was ushered in finding the
colonies struggling against a relentless en
emy. WVm Plenn was sent to England the
preceding year in hopes that all dilieulti:'s
might be adjusted, and retuliuilig home re
ported the cool reception he had received, t
and that their attemtptl d conciliation ani I
compromise had been rejected. Although 1
several en'gagements had taken place and a
Colonial Congt'ress had been organiized and
they had appointed a General, w ith lii; ar
my to carry on the war. yet it was not till
the 4tlh day of July. 1770;, one hindred years
ago to-day-a day henceforth forever im
mortal in the li.story of the world - that a.
formal 1)eciartion of Indepeiidence was
r lAed, which foiever separated the C(1lo,
eies from tie Crown of Great Britain. 'i'hs
act prompted England to send reiniforee
t ments to her iarmy in America, under Gen.
l Howe, whose filres now numbered :O0,000
o well-armed, drilled and equipped. Against
these Washington could muster but 9,000
men, poorly armed and unacquainted with
military tactic,--but with these lihe unfurls
e hisbanner, and after fighting the battle of
It Lodg Island leads his army through New
it Jersey, and on the 2i;th of )eecember fights
k the batttle of Trenton, and gains a triumn
c lhiant victory. which was followed seven
i- days afterwarni by the battle of Princeton,
y with another victory fo.r the Continental
d cause. l)uiin; the year 1777 the battles
of Braindywi.e, GeIrmantown and Saratoga
r were fought, which although undecisive
e to the main cause at issue, nevertheless
a convinced the enemy that the Americans
af would never surrenler. Early in the win
18 ter Washingtoit'O depleted army took up
r- their qunaters at Vtalley Forge. Though
Ssheltered' from the storms by rude huts,
r- the suffering of the army for want of pro
s- vision and clothing was indescribable. The
id severe winter found the men without shoes
p. or stockings and almost naked, while the
in the rough an*d frosen roads from White
,d Marsrh to Vtlle, PForge were stained with
in blood from the bare and mangled feet of
es these heroie ien. ia a short time time the
ie miserles of want. amuoiintii.g altost to
A famine, were added those of nakedness.a
SWassingtfonl -pJi to Oge -'O aid,
1. a we4 t g th .i he
Thsevz· ts r4A ti
sI : ..i' ii , " ; 1 '' . 1, :
l, , .. i: .!tit` "., .: ..,iii ..- i: t: .. i..,
limi . I I_' w:.y i:i,:ii' . ,:. '
the wo( .1.4 (.,"- o <:. , a . 1' I i.rd
vo.:~ c , a it ti u,"e i i .:1 .,..'; . :.d '
from m1 e was :1 f W;n- : : un , . i..:-",:1 l:t lo.
w, lit: 4 tiis n .iirS, anntl tiu iic! ''ii It : 'c l l'.
11oth1e { sto' y il n .. 1 i '. ':lt ic s to
cikVwI r: the iin ti l c1 . .ii' ; "'i l o hi 1. ul 'k I'h
in l y ltI i, t h:C ini" 1 c t. iih. ''lU" ',V -
iu,'e i 'ti tieMd ver . t t 3 h hik::it' "
fland the ,, i.; l a. c i, I ,: ' ii -, ,il b esi -
thu wspr I il fully n ' Eii IX n-IuI:ti i'titi
t:hl e i w France; ftOr o kl lk.l iiit , cihia t,1
(t:ile very day that ::., ::e :' ,ir ,:'-,
tWahingtou: suc d dl c'IV <': e ,' in '0 IT of: k'i)
thile treaty with Fr:auca i 'k' s tin ttl, " whtic
ofane t-he cil onict S t all i:irt 'alI: an i - vtlu::l,
uxiliary. Of courii'is, i: ]ill onmy I:heard of
the distr"eis of the i'ontinental army wlith
ijoy, and anticipaled an easy 1vitoe'y over
them in the ensuing campaign. Ulntb.fo're,
the spring had fully oti'nkd., Washington
with his ainy, amid tihe 1oatin i cr11osses
the Delaware and oceaIi.s Philadelphia t.
the astonishmenlt and consternathou of his
enemies. For the three uccelin, years he
l1tas the army through all th v i ssiltud es
of an arduous eampain, when in the i11 ing
of 171;1 he is assisted by tho French forces
uider ILaly'etto and An:':i'd Ie :rasse,
and unitul they pursue Cornwallis through
Virginia to Yorktown, where It,, on the
loth of (}etoer, surrwl ."s his s< -word and
army of 10,000 mon t, Ge. W:tohngton.
And on the 1gto clhof A!il, 1i, the day
which completed the eiht yer of the ,
a cessation of hostilities w, iS 1']lo ]:i+::vt
and a short time a't¾ r En101 :. ::d he"
whole , d d'l :tlcknw u, : 3l. ,, T h , in ,'d .,'e .,
'uce of ile l niit' '., ;. T! l't t: c 1 ,:: I
c nltinked "e Cai(',Mi iv - , ', t lhe ain t'. U !
if w ar an1 I.7 .., ,:. 1 + 1 ,i u'1 d :' i . 1 1t'.'
ioc 1;ix' t :: ,r,:ul " y u:.. -an I t,
,iwni'th itino
'I1 .1' tf 10',' s,! i,, : ,f . . ' , ,
t i: d t : i . ' . ... ' ,;n1i :
ii('2'tyfo r . .'
thie C el:.: s heam,, ' . ( : 1 , . ;.- ! h.
': ,i .c ! ,c5sc a 1, ' . , 1
S,-tre m .,l : C wh . .c. ' ti:i. s' . n ,' .
Shortly aif to:' .,' ,'I I .t',i.. i . '::c: 111,
th e c iu n try w a c ,. .:, 1": ,.
o ,f l',eu'in ,nin Fr .. ` : - . , ,
:d 'il,.: "ll(h e r : 1 i : . i . I;1. V : } ; [ ,. -
Cite acl ',i ats to s: 1;; .: -. . , ,
meau, tl t 'n n 11 ' ,
Ti,, celebran , ('.h , T ,
w. d : :r'.e C : 1 , '-. as ex ii'CSSi" "
h ' d , 1,, :m in':' ",'. of the , _: io't:,an popt.l
'\Ii u i i
CO"'i~'l;l.Zllt - { ' ",;'t/
cn in"' into I 'situ a1''' i w
him whieh i t )'.' i :l '" " i e l 0 1. : -
t h e ,, u h .' r . . . , " , i' h er:I: '
.. ci 'kle' fo i r, i e I m .. e Ik i
P.11 .i') t , t it'it , ilil.l 1. ''t el I :I " ti t:
, ' ) ii . l ll ' t i ' :lt i I'': t I n-' 'l u'lt. i o li"l ' 1
rf Indclpe'n;, tl ; . t . Ia..ýt.nl l C'
ability and k .wi l., , :,: i , uIt". M. itha
simplicity of ha:t i "lt , w ade imh ap 1 te:;'
to iliose 1 1)who :: a . It
was d hri£ l ig 1l td:nio n i:.:.atl: n a po'tin of 1
the " Far \V s't '" was .mtizl'.e U:, a 5':at
and a r;dit' c i ,rtl i e Uii'ni unl r'r titsc
name1 of ()hi,. i 1' ' wi n' tp hi- .i,. arso
p (1'r~caed f1rom tilt,, ,It f' , 00,00 '
all tie territory c:( ; tl. i:-; flracn tl- Mis-liss
ipi tro Iti': ll u 'kv I, ,un:i .s i l: I l the
i'I Sniii d i'
tmi t he . 1) si:i ti !:' t. c u!' l n ,:,i'al' ira
and bhy: i ot c , t( c ,inti ' 1 p.evil fli l. vet.
b nt oin l 'iis 'ot it ' In , (:lt. n 'it -i
wether Le.:wi , P e" 1r'I,. :1td I," ('t:t irifi
\Viti. C.lark, ti cbau. tr t 'tcae nt ttl.i: p -
ditix , to tho :.itita..:y tonv t irA
wh at was the:u a m: ntt a victryi ihit'.
Louis, ascund,' d i f,,; ."i, ,ri in b,..:: To
he (r-rt. Fal h e Ei.e0 .vl thne Ina iwa hus"
to what is :.: .v h... t et: l.":o-t!. y ! f
iG allatin (it v 1'.:.:,, ,; wo :, t liie (',.hl ::'
ti river, f. !tl~ the frcs oiti, tLand.ic
They made .i'r trit lnl'ia, tiywre yet
. t 'rei 117f. itli, ili' ' r ti I ti s ,' e lt% i.i t
the c tariac'ye . r ' t: i1 .'li -. " if the in,:
1 1ens, he ,i ; "f butt.(, i d ,,f it-. , t.:l::tai
that appeare'i to hold upih.csk. Jhc.'il.s
declanid, "g UV dnd i :t ti l .,te,-i exe i.i
mob'y jt y f halmsn t, the Uni i i,1 -.
Ilanl the otrl a 1.d .c{,in of Laii n1t:+
Clark from the: 1' 'aky iM''ita'i s.
):ing theef arly d n e t e f .r uttes to '.uIl.''<
administra.tion sant: dt i n ' t.il, i te wt
against England. it v,1=, durig: thi. ear
that the Ehnglish f:',ig ,e , i, n'rrie7'e, was cap
tured by the (Co1t ituti on and' tc' Shalrthon
Iby the oo(eo ,on. iParry fo.pein
his ship till ' .Str h ck down by the " en 'y, :. - 1(
when dyin cr"ied "dl-o 't ;'ve up lthe ship.t
JNor was it gi.ven up, and lt!l,,nh t he
comman'der lied in the ntmidst of the en
Sgabement, thi eattle ctnased not till t:
p isnon '' suirrendered and bowed to the
sulrvcm cy of the Yankee tars. Co'm.
Perry added afiditio ntl lustre to the Amar
i:the nary by the ti iumphant victory achiev
ed on L-oke Erie. While the navy was thus
active, we find that the fore's on iand were
not idle, and though the enemy had sic-ue
ceeded in invading Maryl.nd an! plunder
ing the i)istriet of Columbia, they were yet
to meet with overwhelnin;r def'e:ot. Flushed
with victory their troops a,!vanced und,.er
Gen, PIckenlham toward New Orleans.
Advanciln toward the city they were meit
by the forces under G(-. Jackson, who re
pulsed themn, amn ..mid great slau..''ter
caused them to take refit,:; in their slips;
they left and never returned to thank Old
Ha ickory 'for the warm rcception he ten
dered them. Within one week after this
battle took place, peace way proclaimed in
the Units d Stat's, and1 vewsels sailian be
neath tie American flap were honor-el and
re,,neet,-d wherever they chose to go.
SJante, Monroe succecdrld t Iasri:, to the
Presidene. olisadruinistratioa was mak
ted by u "it discretion and nis(}nn that it
his passed into history at the "cra ,f go,,d
feejint." Up to this period each Presidclt
elected h=1 taken part in the !or.--iation
or in founding the go--veimnent lint with
e the election of .1o0re Quincy _1diams a uew
s and young r generation came to take the
' place of the fathers who wrotuht so nobly
i and well. Iuternal improvementedclcupied
! tlhe al ,ention of the people, aecomn nied
[t with a laudable desire for thc°ee werl
e fare. Andrew Jackson; the het o ' ow
a Oi-'ans was the next Preideelq+,,,; s ing
TO A tl'.· .. 1 , .Itv ) as I 1c tti :n
toEng ,n i .:;, 1.· itd ,C t.tat-.-; .t1 this
tim e, .i, :.ttld :. .1.' 0 4 qu,,ls i,.n con- I
cr ni: t1 - 1, an::,.try lin. . betw'' :: .,::
,!;`th c , i:' ..: i0 ,: :i:l :. dl:e I1 t Oti
th 'e ti ic. : 1l, " ',. 1 ". c. l, ,.
th:. 1;.:. Cl y r'.:,,c,;.s the v : <t.,l a b ,r.ma i:ry
T :. u. . ,:, < io h , tim':i i, w: ' t i,,
it i .r ft..) ':b:l t : , j- -:_ : : ii: .j t i.
:·ts sube ,: 1 ':u 14:11 :t t° t;'
Sthe I .: .'.:
cam 1' .. : chi!e 1 ,f t'e ,-op fr th4 : Pr,.:;
i'.sc la 1.1 4 l ii]; ovhr o:, y"at 1:0 , dit-'d,
.i tl .l· l F:il,::re, the: .i.:c-i h le t,- ,
a.F.'su ncd t::> !position and o oiio. M..uch e x
citemont existed ,hiring thil gtr,,ial*,e 1),1rt of
al :.dluhm i:itration:, becau14';,e of the enact
hit of thoe sh:,tie f,-. Certain compro
lluise meaulriesl't'>4 we'r0I'1 i n 'ltr [!('Od ced. to ('olln rl'tss
by 1101:r'y Clay it"kii;: to t p1't'I 'ful solh
thin of t'.t; quetiou l "f ;laver', whic,' w'NIi
agitati:l,1l the ' wl.oe co 'try, a'.L d -ti t '-:,
partiaiy ,iit'1. ' _t ' 1 1,ubl1' tio 1. i il':nk
l ln P i cl e' i '1 c . ,1r . F i;vii! el '" m e1 .... .E
.aud tht :-l .r1 "' i' tti ;. ': m ! I f':h:'.
i ,1 re'_ ',L byi the ai m i tedl, overtiirov.- ', t..
issouv:r c ,om ise : mi t:. , '1 .
the slti '.;ion of Ka,;a; a t :,' 1~ ::t i:.
111(1 :l i ot:n slave or ati-.-lave 5.: .
(',.,; : N.. w i I'vy cn, chidc'l t,' lt t _, inh'b:, )
it,, , :h '. t er' it vic. d ,id: t ;- -
1: ': ,t y (ih!, a1.d
,I l b. .rm . .,:, -1'
'.1:41 " .-q ,0 : , '." . "_1_' ' f..' 1'1 ! rtu i ,("I'S (i,
,- t :- : ' , ' ,r . .
: !, 1 . r: , . 1 , . , . : :, -
I oit' P ei'
:, . , : t n a few of th.11
:,11 l ' ' tI, ' ! 'I, dSnI t "!:' -; 1 ,f
I: .
I" ' '1 . t. ;,t I e people
'o- t'ti''ii i .i t m
rt: ! i: r lo lic e t'i ll.(
, .' 1 1. 1 :1 i :i . , :, :1,:i: ": i ." ! ý ",,: :
n1 117c:, u 1 t(1: 111111' 1 1111,11'12-11'::
1, .1 t , a 'd .'i''. .1, :ll . ,,1 " , '" h .: ..2 1:. I . 1
S ,'a i ' bl ivc n the a .t c 1;11 r ; c.'.x
, stin 7 1'-,: 1or:bit 4 a -i.tie -::," ,'
alie t : t t h; s''rd which ik thoea o
ti:-' i cmi 'i : ,:o d:1or ' 'o I i i an .n 'i t:. I t i'
em1-o.! ly p,, qer ui t the l :a e:t (.,d y !.
es i l ui ' 1 ! ,:: t1i 7 1i 1I , 1 i'.k : at ide n L+ . -
.i tt.L, :- .:, : ,t fo" a, u . :it + , 1-,h!usl l'. d
t b co : . :t a 1o t1] , of t11.1 ,l' i -
1''it'n tie 1 cc "r 1111^ *' lii 7i I
:tit,.e i2n:., ,d :u'il "tS r t:ie s ',f i :i .t
. . ' . u ":" l.u '' . ' (11 ' 71 ."t id" '' h '
l "' ::n ' i tc. " , to . :mien 1.111 . I.c : ;ia 1 A
I"t,.. n:' i l : 1 : f '. "i :I 'i t 11 '1 o e tit
:3 "' 'i'iiii' tx 'it > mli's ikr"i of
;ll+i"1 ialat , t t , i h li it ihlm o .l'c
th,-:,tl n .,': ::",1 , i1 s , f ill) , 0 ~Wotr, rh .
'1.n ' If. . ." i7c 1 n 10 lion wi th i tht i ,(0,;.
i, H :'i l ava':i 'i :' t: .'ti , o .s I :egri c h oel' f
i ~n,. l iioy ;ht, i'C ' )::il ol,11 ( io
mn I· o 1 '.:l I t o "injlthil ti, si hot "inrllp
e j. '-iI d nehI 'o'' ' s ::. 'i [ite nive iutt
idev :lopillt 1 : : :k'o11.In 'i; t 'o ' ibi rou:thr;
1 anl: two i:7'r .h o11f. n',lu t xr; .c ire
ia nill ,quatoity of fp.!s, s:b:lere-, 'ad1;i
bondls, oflainscotitu td a httl.e copr p.om
tt.bacco-hardly eniointo g en ,c toit
'.nan-;7 of ComillmlerIce. (1:1 Si. '1 i-1 h'l o:
alerisuature alone 1a r n1:.w .esti' tI' l t t )
ex ce:l ailntia:ly , 20O,000,O;00,--while the
shi. s car'rying our llag have a t it l esti
r:ite ofi 0l,000,00 tons. While ( our a fricul
tural and commercial iuterolts have girown
beyond precedent; tile Manut atailes of
the country have kept pac3 with her ist(isr.;
(Col;nierce and Agriculture) in advancing
the (eneral interest, greatness and hapli
I 1.7555 of ot111 people. The total value of
(d1',1 - tic manuf, eturies (including the
proiducts of toe mines) for the plat year
are mad, lratety estimated at twenty-l',gh}t
Iuudred miilions of d.lhtu's; and these
1u:'(1117 n ultactlu'ries IiP uiport to
'. i,,, ;' p, 1ms in till! Ut.o eld 6ta11t'7 .
The1. two fadcs abtie ex:1t this ;,ranch o(f
i"dus.;1" to the Oi,,t rank of impor:ante.
3y no 11, e 1 ,7 s t21 le .tt an ,,:, th!1,1
l,""71('cr+ llts of tile ,751t, is th' pr'ogress of
u ,.1c2..t1 n and ed:laai-'n:l facilitih s. School
1 :ie -s m,1ultiply t e ol,prtunities for
,,:r7::;, wh1,+ the n+w st:tes of the West
i i"ti rti' 10 1,utstrip the older oin s 1f the
.'Pa-t in h1: r..ee fo- k,,l,.edge. Iliustr'_
t ,e ," Li.- are ,,, 1 .:h :i l nb ldings (,f o0u"
,. : T ,'ril t'ry, tha.t r'. t e 11i, if ll')ts sug -
,u, .. th:0 e 11 "f the lotst, in towns of the
1:,e '71. , Snd p1 pulatimn. One humhrcd
I' tmars ,1o b;t. two colleges had existence
v in t. r.. lted SPtaes, while to-day we have
e six!--!tiht colleges anw tel universities.
S(':n1e,5 lDicken, when i:n this countrry,
S<k-;larl d" we we75,( :t nta1tion1 of r'aL11er7;.
, \h;+,st e-vvry typ.'oof polities or relig ,,13
n 0'Ipap(er that qubeiat til itt" peouil-tr
vii ws, While the. Arms 11a7 been, and is
S1'_ doutlh often 1prgstituted to vile purposes,
it ..p i.- . . i. 1 . c1 . ,+ - i ii t. . e
-Us~ The
-t.iy a ne -li .. 1, ; nc ,-!: iae, n !ow t;"5
mi:thly ,uLicat i::s i Th iii reas of( ,
,iis pic;_ is beyrond parall:li. A sin
bli:hi- g :ousec in New York Las turn-.' I
, ,rt mr ,ai twelvye bo:iidl boaks a '
:.inute, fir , ivy working n;inute of the
y-a, an i.vlicati-'n of the reading matter
tactu iy de'nd ai l paid for by the 1
Amcriccan people. And who shall say that i
this it:fi.ence, backed by tih' tc-cahin' of
Cod's word shall not I:aften the time when
ti.m *-1; hall ieanir war no -more, when the
-l'-ritus' day :,Shall dawn and the sun shall t
hiiino .lisn the IaOtions bound together in
i-mnicot dl wedl,'ck anl united in the bol'ds
if uniV-:-'r:]l broth r'i ol' d.
We dis:tinctlv rletllcet when attending
schon in our iboyhood days, being taught
t.::,t ail the vltd v:st of the Missouri was
a barren, sawly plain, unfit for agricultural :
purpO ,es. It .aS -l ullll' i i 1 1ol r geog
r ,ph i::s t!i' (:reat American Desert, while
Sthe iuitiry the farther side of the iesecrt,
known as the 1cl:cy 3Iiutitains, was a
"hiohling s;ia-.1rnc:es," lilled with wild
ibe'asts anl tr,,'eicherous Indianl, through
wh1!it' with fIw ex-ceptions. tihe foot of 1
Sth white man had inever trod. Uiit to-day
the scales have fallen from theo eyes of the
nation as they se the l)esert blossoming
as the r(o1e ; while the Ihowling wilderness
of t!io Rlocky Mountatins is lnho-n as tne
cgret trcasure house of the nation, if not of
the world-and this is our home.
The Territory of Montana i-cs a popula
tifn of 20 000 earncst, industt ions, thrifty
inl:ablitant- , who havie but ju- t ctoinctedt
it oten the storehcl, ses of w-ealth, and
po:r its rich s from the go:l, :i!ver, lead,
oli- ejr andl iron mines into the lap of the
::.,,:, lih:-t twith fert:la va.l11eys and
::, al with a climate as 1 :id as many
,f t, h,' 1 . ra t,'rl cState , w i lth n'c alt i Il
";..;"1 .";101':11 1'`0'ot:e.' s ilnexhanll lable, we
0 i, vo o1 r Tict rrit' l1on', wit: its 1i,
i o s o, miles, is to-day capable oti sus
t.ii, .I: ~: :,1·0t of peopl-'. Our Tcrrito
:'i.11 c p.,ts last year amounting to t. ,50 0,
O{,1 is t tile nation, like Noah's dove
rI:i nin:; wit - thui e le r f, a h.tlbiniger, that
iier1 th. inhl -bitanttl of the over-crowded
cile.s u' -uroie andl the East may come
-:, find fo-i , th- i tn:- l'-c foit.unes, hoines
i.,i ,', .- i,-k at theo immense strides of
n :.v:,ll:lri during the past century, our
:.<: are ov,:rwhehnied with the thought
l,: r:. p': idi tt; of is growth, and the vast
u:.., o(if I1 rit- ry- . Using the facts of
iý l-tas a basi:.s1- , might all,.w our"
i nta;! - -i't.:,s ti l]ii ei America one hun
]: ' . . ti , 11 1'c -' ; y:u l t titholl..t'1 lsu5' .iJ - lent
i t t: : , ,vI th- I co cclt\ 'v: corect,
- 1 Iici --t N-v X ;:" 5it : i
_j"; .:i, 1 ti,'t ](n:t ýi 1 W- b>'er, i ;t h,
i ' c : : ,clli, d :t NewC York C'iy in
I . . Lil i - tit .. ...... yea in f-oi ,wa1 ,
tI Atb.:e 1; t 1 ." d .ar'ed him t', b. 10!
entllhu si a l v'--iin;y. As1 wee ..- the
I t -, ' - - :. '... '.ast, a dmi wonl ii-'rul
_ 'i:: of t111 \," , we 11o ( ot thliln we
sh4 ! e 1 h:,r:B ,ill fa'ti,, 11 in d chu-i
-ct -1.s sh- di eI i o-ntana ..-il e 1n-'. a
Stjat", sha, l hI ve' cities ,.loon'e containing a
1. ,il i :1 i of millit-i ; with railrond.d rl i
l t:,1 ,li,.i ' kll:,:1,, ;1_th auid breadth of he1
, ; ca'yin' thti pr.ldcits from her
- ile ,;i- l a- - - iie iraliS firomt her mil-esi
i'. t, tile n u:.0 f11. u , es of ?hIl w ,:o'ld, while
111ill-s i i:t i"ii of t trav e frs 1 '5 ,m E1uir.pt
( ),`.il and Aft ict:. s1:1:l v.-it 1her fuar-1an1ed
os, for the Y all,'ato:e shall then be
the L - 1,g. ran,', Sa'atoga. or Newport of
.\,Ame ica. P: ';sing from thence :n their
-v ay to th Paciiic, riding in comtfolitable
a.l.ce car.t, a --i fl tile valleys, i.sr ounhetd
!;y )), u:tlfins whose peaks point towarud
Sheiavtnc-c- their ancestors have g.:ine-td,
thiy hall a; pa-sin-:- be entranced with the
.etnery anid ercptul'ed with thit- -udsc,-ei
,t 1 s c , ta tly uni li:t bg it-,- " to;i- .
. i,".', ad:_ overw,-hehl ed by th,' u k ne u
and the evidenices ,of the power au 1 ::~iht
o ;i' 1ld, as s.en in his creati-, ill bo :
tl ir heads ii i atoraion a :d ti a- 1. i.; ug,
_i h: 'n ..t be n "1< 1'. ... t
:i -t of their mei ,itatii s t : :,; . s
i o :t -ily te .ing; wi,0 ..', wetiile
Li:oliintn s tu)'On tho sal i.s : )- i.1_k an..
faith over its well p1, ved ar l,ited :,mr.t<.
h:ik:llints of g tani. pi - ,ti.,. i-ti: u'seda i.
- : , I ." c," W 1 ,hh r, 111-;le palatial
,ie-. c' ( La-l'," b iltt t e fluti st
." ''1 .i: ; . - i:-, ( t tnut "
( ', . :;L 'b '. , (li i ... , '! c - a f l.
.- - t eve- th.i,'t'_ re. IAsitotett:l
ý.: . . , re t _4'v.e,. ';t! ad a i 1ot of 11he cit,
- ftis -:.. . ! ' I 1: , i::,e b ut -C - i'
questiin by crying out, " Deur Lodge; ;
twenty mintles for refreshments :! l eas
ontilg fIrom analioy t.hre is no greater
falh:ey in this imn- gery, than in Web;;ter
nw:h inf his decl:uatin':,, for events are
-.;.i . h t,'uth ,i" his a.ssLt rtion. as it
,. i' i f. 'waid to a tre r' unt certain filltilll
im .' . 1 .'i0
:til !:t 1 1 . L t ::G 1 i ,1 :
(i ' ll' i :i.I: l'ot ll'_t l -11'111 ' ..
t ii
ii Y'-", ti i ntd' I! hi 'on i.of ltn: . a. r
ourday w ith . . es ha I'i " ar: 'stl uin
S)', m t i. bn l, il t. h , w
S.' Ii';[i1i"t.i \\I i . l': i
"'tbI Al l,, Ii ".e ' 1 1npl p et;1 , o s
io , "r tiny realized a
, 't" lt ha tI d'"i et t 's fi'i ads iths h
h ti .'vy an-1 di' consIi late, and saw
tier it ', iiV ilvn o" ly to be . cris tilling
,t, ta" thlat .t ohers might ran' the fruit of
,torerte .'ith', nd dying, not ipermitted to
occl t hE it n which tihe body of their
i . h , i t ltl l if.ullilr-er to (dust.
F ;ol:'ti te p ' f t'i Old World were
tad ti, ,fd the heel of the tyrant. For
rentruris t'hnlyr cries dni groans ascended
to he: a.n nutti t last the froke was
broke, i shakin;, oftf the iiitickles that
h tini Itbm', they were en abled to greet
the i :I " is'. and enter it as joyfully as
tile lti oen f Israel entered the Promised
iLid . Then, after a lapse of years, the
hand was ratn I rio enslave and make their
ne orne ia lanid oif bondage. But the air
of Ameri-ca wafted Freedom upon every
breeze. and to be free became one of the
first principles of their societies ; and the
equality of all iiirii before the law, the
fonudation of aill their liberties. Never,
never, while life listed, would they again
submit to tyranny : and uniting their all in
one coIimmon cause against the oppressor,
they ..cotinued the struggle till the name
Ameurica became synunymonsswith freedom
the world over. Its glad song sounded
ni)on the cars of tlhe hardy sons of the
North, finding an echo amid the tropics of
the South: greeting the sun with its sym
Sphonies as it rises in the East, while its
music s:autes the ear alike sweet vespers
of praise it is sung by those of the West;
till now at last, after the clouds and mis's
of years have rolled away, and the can of
peace and unity shines upoen, our Centennial
Anniversary, the whole world rises utip to
-.ing this d eology to the glory of God and
She honor of the land.
"" tilre tht' on i nhamely f.v-re (lhine,
W it-ar hie Lte alr amnd :' tint..
hlelon.1rt ian tILhol ' crt ,-i:- so r,
kix kine ' mI. fot r a' t.l:t "
And now how shall the second century
be made as pro'perous, and our growth as
great, and development as rapnil as the
contory past ? We answer i
First-By unity y Iluowiug no North,
S.;th, East or West, but living, w-rking
and aeting as one: rjoieing im the success
and prospel ity of each part of the country;
rememtwring that the happiness and pros
perity OOf one.p."rt adds to the sucess of.
econd--A di errot solectiion of *tki.,
wit 4 3t aice 1wpnailiJ ': a ji thur
authority. The eaactwezt wa
, ,rat 4r fosbnlaos
"-h ms's
peculate or abstract one dlollar from thlo
public funds; applying the law with equal
force to County, City, State, and National
mbovernmrwuts. This will kill at least one
lialf of the politicians, destroy the peace of
many a clique and disrupt multitudes of
combinations that exist only by robbing
public treasulies. liht it will restore con
idence and bring additional prosperity to
the whole land.
Third--By education. Giving our chil
dren and the nationalities who shall come
to us, an education that will enablo them
to have proper conceptions of their duties
toward the State and toward one another,
and thus, with free schools, free colleges
and a free press, and with all in the full
-njoyment of civil and religious liberty,
they will be preplared to lift the human
family to a higher plane of true manhood,
and hasten the cra of the universal brother
hood of man.
Fourth-Obedience to God an:d the teach
ing of Ills Word. For compliance with all
His comimands is the true secret of happi
ness and success. The history of the past
teaches us the truth of the declaration
that, "Rlightousncss exalteth a nation,
antd sin is a reproach to any people."'
Thus, with the precepts of the Most HIgh
enstamped upon our hearts, we go forward
and the glory of the second century shall
as far outshine the glory of the first as the
merlidian sun exceeds the early morning
I have read that while the Continental
Congr:ocs at Philadelphia were engaged in
discussintg the Declaration of Independence,
that crowds of people congregated around
the Old State House, waiting for the final
declaration that should declare the Colonies
free and independent. Knowing the
eagerness of the people, the Speaker had
placed a, man at the door, another one on
the stails, and the third one with his hand
on the rope of Old Independence Bell.
As soon as the act had passed and the
ballot was announced declaring the thirteen
Clounics forever free and independent, the
S. f:ker cried to the man at the door,
Siiig I " and the man at the door cried to
the maan on the stairs, "Ring!" and he to
the min with his hand on the bell rope,
"Ringg ! " aln with joyous heart, and amid
the loud acclaim of the assembled thou
sands, rang oat a peal thiat caused the
nations ,of to earth to rejoice, and whose
reverberations are still sounding in our
ea:s, " procluiming Liberty throughout all
the land, uato all the inhabitants thereof."
Ani, to-day, standing in the doorway of
t!he second century of American Independ
ence, we cry to the generations half way
up tie second Centennial " Ring freedom
and equality to all undet the sun," and
their voic.es shall reach through the path
•.IwV of years to the privileged one standing
iy ch r Ine.pendeneo Bell in 1976, who
I:: the loud acclaim and the triumphant
h 'l:.h;:jahirs of a people whose borders shall
iteoal over the whole American Continent,
havinlg but one Star S)angled Banner as the
e miiiblem of their nationality, and bowing
to one who is the Supreme Ruler the
.hcl:ov:;h of heaven and earth, amid the
..:"phonis of the swelling doxologies of
praise, will cause the Old Bell again to
ii)' out universal liberty to all the nations
of the earth.
-Italy set,'i hat: made of bamboo shav
ings to France.
-The Eastern question--lWhat part of
the Thikey (do you prefer a
--The therm ometer is among the earliest
ri:;c-rs these mornings.
-When I:en. Butler asked the "blessing" I
at a pi'nic the other day the silence was
--n .\:iz ,.,ia editor says that George
Eliot i-: a fair writer, conusidering that he is
:an Igihl nan.
. ...,: -, 1, is4 NOW - ere
`...! .;h, n :i, -'Y , boda wraters' goo ; 'ls
like your l . I ;; a Jeep."
--J.o, t. ;axe is lying seriously ill at
his residence in Brooklyn. ile expresses
doulhs h ;imslf of his recovery.
-is there anything ominous in the fact
t ('neiinllti a.tands between St. Louis
an'I W'' shin ,ton?-N. r:. Herald.
--TIle ih:itialr of the iames of theRepub
lic::ii ca:iil.liltcs are the first letters of the
saLuIme, Iuin lu:ckeyc HIayes Who Always
-\ re battles healthy ? Thirty-two of
thit i.:lers 'h.l took prt in Waterloo are
aiil, ai:li'gh thant istitlo was fought 01
Iy Scr:'s ago.
-Sir Charles Adderly has invented a
phrase. In speaking the other night in the
British House of Commons about Ameri
can seamen lie described them as United
-l)ore for over a year studied human
faces in the operating ward of a Paris hos
pital in order to study the varying express
ions of misery in those who were being op
erated upon.
-Ii oliry Ward Beecher has been engaged
by the IRedpath Bureau of Boston tolecture
I eighty nights the comiing season for $40,
t0):0. 3Iuik Twain will write and deliver
so:en new sketches for a limited numnber of
-An Aiki'n as professor says that for
i10,L00 he h ill drive the Indians out of the
Black HIills in two weeks with ballons and
sharpshooters. A Sioux once saw a small
balloon at a circus in St. Paul, and he fell
back dead.
-The l'ilatka (Fla.) Herald says that
the inexhaustible supply of palmetto in that
State has suggested the idea of a large en
terprise in utilizing the pith or bud of the
root, sometimes called cabbage, for pickles,
which is far superior to the cucumber for
for that purpose.
-Curran, being angry in a debate one
day, put his hand upon his heart, saying:
"I am the trusty guardian of my own
honor." "'Then," observed Sir Boyle
Roche. "I congratulate my honorable
friend on the snug sinecure to which he has
r appointed himself."
-The Emplneror William is also a gift
taker in his way, his subjects delighting in
making him presents. Last year he re
ceived 41,371 presents, including books,
f pieces of music, charts, works of art, table
delicacies, articles of clothing, household
" furniture, boots, slippers, and even sus
s -Leo Miller, the free lover of Minnesota,
"spiritual" brother to Vic Woodhull and
"so so" husband of Miss Mattie Strick
I land, lectured in the village of Waterford,
Minn., a week or two since, on his "affini
ties," and was frcquently encored with
spoiled eggs. It is. proposed to end: this
man's mental miry by hanging him to a
derrick if hoe er eoiea back to town.:
e -The Fargo AL) a1sca asks : "What
do you think of u'hbroken furrow six
miles long? That'shat yotaian.see any
day by going to Elm ns RPlve. Tsej sXi
Dalrymple 4G Oraidin a#sr©. g`)
The teams $kt int a s
one rostiu ra ii Q tt
*fr e, ~ ~ ha
One Year..... ...........
Six M onths....... ...................
Three Month. ........................
1. Any one who takes a paper regularly f
m!dc-e-whether directed to his lname or an
whether he has subscribed or not--is responsible
2. If , person orders hil paper discontinued, hbe o -
ray all arrearagos, or the publisher will continue t"" s~nd
it until payment is madle, and collect the whole amount.
whether the paper Is taken from the oflice or not
3. The rt lorts have declded that refusing to take the
newspapcn - r p.riedicals from the P<Tt-office, cr remov.
ing and I avin_ tihnm uncallcd for, is primeafactl evience
of intentih.nal fraud.
Papers rnlered to any address can be changed t. :la:oth
or adlai al t the option of the subscriber.
r,Pe:i:anos by draft, check, money order, or registrt "
letter. nuly be sent at our risk. All Petmastcr s are r,
<'tiri'd t.,rci-iter letters on application.
Mrs. Lincoln is worth $81,000.
Apple bloss:ms are favorite decorations
for hats.
"Ivory " is the newly adopted name for
cream color.
Brocaded cambric is the newest thing
White muslin dresses arce trimmed with
fluted flounces.
The chatelaine braid is now as much
favored as ever.
Little boys and girls now wear buttoned
shoes without heels.
Croquet sets are now sold under the
name of "matrimonial encouragers."
Marriage is described by a French cynic
as a tiresome book with a very fine preface.
A girl's best chances of marriage are
while she is between twenty-one and twenty
Old hats are made into now shapes by
turning the front and back around to the
Mrs. A. T. Stewart's gifts to public
charities have amounted $100,000 since her
husband's death.
Parasols, with queer locking pointed
tops, called steeple, canopy and pagoda
tops, are popular.
Julia Sinclair, an American girl, has
just received the degree of M. D. at the
University of Zurich.
The most popular black gi enadines are
those with. stripes of the "Mexicaine"
patterns, which were worn last year.
Maggie Mitchell, the favorite actress, it
is reported, is in very poor health and will
soon retire from the stage permanently.
Large veils of thin gauze or tulle have
taken the place of the small mask veils ;
wherefore persons with common sense are
The custom for ladies to ride horseback
sideways was introduced in the 14th cen
tury by Anne of Bohemia, consort of
Richard II.
Cream color is the favorite shade for
cravat hbows and neckties ; and the favorite
materials are crepe, lisse, batiste, Brussels
net and Cashmere lace.
The Detroit lady who used one of the
"blooms of youth" on her face during
March and April was made blind in May
and has bloomed around in goggles ever
It is still an offense punishable with fine
and imprisonment in Maryland to be a
"common scold." A Baltimore lady, a
vender of fish, was convicted of the offense
a few days since, and fined ten dollars.
In his address, read at her grave, Victor
IIugo said:-" George Sand will be the
pride of our age and our country. Nothing
was wanting in that glorious woman. She
had the heart of a Barbes, the wit of a
Balzac and the soul of a Lamartine.
Lace scarfs, tied close around the neck,
inside the collar, are a great deal worn in
door and out of doors. The real lace is
b$20. They consist of a piece of insertion
and wide lace edging and can easily be
made at home.
Mrs. Tilton sews for a living now. She
seems to be the only one of the entire set
that is trodden down and stoned. Theo
dore earns a respectable competency and is
somewhat lionized by his lectures. Henry
Ward B. scoops in cash by the ten and
hundred thousand dollars at a time. The
3 poor woman is turned out to live the best
way she can.--Washington Capital.
f At the Centennial the Philadelphia ladies
s cry out, " Isn't it cunning?" New York
i ladies, "How superbly lovely!" Boston
ladies, "AAh, how exquawsite !" Louis
Sville ladies, " Be-utiful, fo' shuah !"
a Chicago ladies, "Oh my-I wish I owned
that!" whhile the genuine Yankee girls
I from the rural districts exclaim, "Gee
whimminy, but ain't that 'ere a stunner,
no nw! "
Abdul Aziz ended his life where many
editors began theirs-with the scissors.
Commercial Bulletin.
There is a firm in Boston named Gray &
Lunt. Half of their letters come to them
addressed Lay & Grunt.
Shrinks it.-Stop this progress. When
a train can go from ocean to ocean in three
days this country of ours begins to look
small.-Reading Review.
Governor Straw, of New HaImpshire,
called to see Governor Hayes on his way
home from Cincinnati. There are some
things which the mind involuntarily shrinks
from commenting upon. This is one of
them.-Danbury News.
"Woman," said the fat man on the
cracker barrel, reflectively, "woman is
like a boil. When another man has her
we laugh at him ; when we have her ourself
we cherish and protect her."-Norwich
Cherries are green enough. now to pick,
and the small boy will soon be going around
with his hands clasped across his equator,
looking as if he didn't care how soon the
republic went to pieces.-Brooklyn Argus.
Shall Turkey be divided ?-New York
Graphic. We should say, yes-about next
Thanksgiving day, if not earlier. But
don't call on us to divide it, for we are a
miserable hand at the carving.-Norristown
The first gambler mentioned in the Scrip
care was Alpha. Alphabet-every one
knows it.-NorwioA Bulletin.
Not so. Didn't Adam find a par-a-dise
in Eden long belore ever Alpha bet a cent.
-Eureka &entinel.
We don't know, but would like to know
how long ago the above took place before
the was-played against Pharaoh
at the lea,-White Pine News.
Eve Mt4 sport. She played
Adam t played-smash in that
a 'brut R*1erprise.
S_ :. A the whbaf yester
Dtpnouon tbh. f oniations.
ie don Itui votes i el. kmb for Itow,
a aeeg dfld ,

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