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The new North-west. [volume] (Deer Lodge, Mont.) 1869-1897, July 21, 1876, Image 1

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StheZe r ortb-Wett
DEER LODGE, MONTANA.
RATES O ADVERTISINQ.
. 4 -
r. . Ma . a a ti
1 lunL ....... ........ $2 .$3 $7 $8 $10 20 $30
. 5 6 10 12 15 25 40
.. 47 8 2 14 20 33 48
1 11unth................. 5 810 14 16 26 38 55
7 10121 18 24, 35 60 07
3 9 12 15 22 30 50 70 100
.......... 15 5 50 75 100 160
1Year .................: 1625 40 55 70 90 ,140 250
h:, ;,lar advertising payable quarterly, as due.
'l'r,.1,ient advertising payable in advance.
srcial Notices are 50 per Cent. more than reg
u·i: wiv.rtisements.
lial advertising, 15 cents for the first Insertion;
I) centy per line for each succeeding insertion;
il .',ounted in Nonpariel measure.
J.!b Work payable on delivery.
ATTO ItN1 .S
W\. 1' SANNDEs. W. F. CULLEN,
SANI)DElt & CULLEN,
ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW,
II ELENA, - - MONTANA.
Phiiyticlaial nt anid !1urgeons.
CHAS. F. MUSSICBROD, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
OFFICE AT THE CITY DRUG STORE.
Deer Lodge, - - - - - - Montana.
Will attend to professional calls in town.
2,7
A. H. MITCHELL, M. D.,
I'lh ysiceiaii and burgeon.
-Office one door north of Postoffice
1)DE It LODiG, - - - - MONTANA.
Prompt a:ttention by night or day to patients in
town or country. 1216.tf
E. W. FINCH, I, D.
Late of Richmond, Virginia
Physician and Surgeon,
Itutte City. : Montana.
i(alls promptly attended to in town and country.
333
I ANIIA EItS.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
- -or -
I)E;ER LODGE.
W. A. CLARK. President.
R. W. DONNELL. Vice-President.
S. E. LARABIE. Cashier.
Draw Exchange on
All the Principal Cities of the World.
NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS,
Donnell, Lawson &, Co.,
No. 92 Broadway.
79-1y
Firzt National Bank,
Illeena, IMontana.
T. lAUsER, D. C. ColRIN,
President. Cashier,
T. HI. KLmINSCHnMIT,
Ass't Cashier
-0-
DESIGNATED DEPOSITORY OP THE
UNITED STATES.
-o-
Authorized Capital....... ....$500,000.
Paid Up Capital ........ ........ 100,000.
Per.:.nent Surplus Fund ............... $50,00.000
Ihivlednd paid March 4.1874............. 0..000 00
Average Dlepoits preceedin. six months, 485,000.00
lhtvetted in U. S. Bonds ................ 214,000.00
We transact a general Banking business. and buy, at
hi,-hcht rates. (;Gold Dust, Coin. Gold and Silver Bul
biit, and Local Seruritics; Sell Exchalnge and Tele
graphic Transfers, available in all parts of the United
States, the Canada,. Great liritain, Ireland and the
Continent. COLLECTIONS made and proceeds remitted
promptly. Our facilities for handling
SILVER ORES are particularly good, and this
branch of our business will receive special attention.
('ash advances made npeon Ores, and same shipped for
account of owners. OR WE WILL BUY FOR
CASH at the very best rates allowable. Owners of
mines will consult their interests by calling upon us.
275
. . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .
McBurney Houz
DEER LODGE, MONTANA.
Aylesworth & McFarland,
PROPRIETORS
A share of Public Patronage is solicited. 815
Deer' Lodge, Montana.
SAM. SCOTT, : Proprietor.
260
ST.1.OUS HOTEL
ENTRANCE FROM MAIN & JACKSON 8TB.
Helena. Montana,
sMil IA iB7 d` ZIMJMERMAN,
Proprietors.
-0-
THE LARGEST
First Class Hotel in the Territory.
---
Having secured a lease for a long term of
years of this large and commodious house,
I have renovated, refurnished and embel
lished its roomy parlors and elegant suits
of rooms, and no expense or pains will be
spared to continue to improve and keep it
on first class principles. The tables are
supplied with the very best the markets
afford and the delicacies of the season. At
tendance unexceptionable. Terms, reason
ablA. 822.
Warm Springs Hotel
l)eer Lodgo Valley, Montana.
L. BELAHiQR, Proprietor.
TIIE Proprietor annonees that the above well
SUMMER RESORT
It now open for the season with excellent facilitIes
for the
lhorouglh Entertainment of Guests
The tables supplied with all the delicacies of the
Season.
Excellent Bath Rooms; Medicinal Waters.
MEALS SERVED TO ORDER
PROMPTLY.
The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited
and assnrance given that every effort will be made to
give them botpltable and satistactory entertanmenmt.
DRIVE OUT FOR A DAY'S ENJOT
MENT
L BELANGEI.
PIERSES' STATIONX
Deer Lodge and Butte Road,
--FORMERLY STANCHFIELD'S,
Allen Pierse, Proprietor.
GOOD ENTERTAINMENT TOR
TRA VJELERS.
IAVINO taken the above siation I am now
Iparedl to entertain guests a mn assutar bsC
tory to all who like a rood meal, sad will be plied to
have the patronage of traveler.
(;oud Attention Gives to Auisils.
sift. ALLAZN T11R
HENRY IMKMP,.
wiwotlesse****r
W m
VOL. 8, No. 3. DEER LODGE, MONTANA JULY 21, 1876. WHOLE No. 868
.... ... 0· G | |O TN~~ JU Y f
AN ORATORICAL GEM.
lion Win. II. ClageU, Deer Lodge:.
DEAR Ba: We the undersigned, residcutsof Phil
lpsburg and Flint Creek Valley, who listened enrap
tured to the eloquent speech delivered by you upon
the Centennial birth-day of American Liberty, tally
believing that other fellow-citizens scattered far and
wide over our favored land would be, by its publica
tion, thrilled with the same pleasurableemotions that
we more favored enjoyed upon that memorable occa
sion, do most respectfully request you to consent to
its publication in full in our county paper, Tu: Nuw
NonTu-WEsT.
John Caplice John Ullery
Chas H hmith Alexander Thornton
W C Darnold Joshua Jennings
F W Caplice Wm Farnsworth
i B Waterbury J M Comegys
J Pardee David Simmons
Con Murphy T H Williams
J M Merrell E Byrne
Henry Imkamp Dan Berry
J P Tiernan C N Freeman
B P Tilden J M Roberts
M B Cox F Vollmer
William Lang Wm Weinstein
MT Kelley W B Fouts
A Rutherford John McLeod
Samuel P Wilson Lawrence Pence
John Thompson John Rule
Wm Larken Chris Guth
Hugh Bell W Darlington
Henry Edgar. G Fernie
L S O'Bannon Christopher:Hart
N B Ringeling Alex McRae
Hector Horton A Grillith
P Cain D B Jenkins
B Levy , and others.
oeirtenli Oration
DELIVERED AT
PHILIPSBURG, MONTANA, JULY 4, 1876.
By HON. WM. H. CLAGETT.
Ladies ana entuernen :
In every age, in every clime, the great
epochs in the history of the people have
been deemed worthy of commemoration.
A nation's fame is recorded in the biogra
phies of its great names. The noble ambi
tion which, despite the blandishments
of ease, the stains of obloquy or the mena
ces of power, still drives the chosen few on
their appointed course, lifts the body of
the people as well to the level of the same
elevated plane and surrounds them with a
halo of beauty. The gross misrepresenta
tions, the bitter calumnies, the vile suspi
cions, which, like black-robed ministers of
evil, ever attend the life progress of the
honored great, die in the obscure deaths of
those who gave them birth and leave the
great central figures of their time, elevated
upon the pedestal of their achievements,
the cynosure of all eyes--objects of heart
felt gratitude, bright and shining exam
ples for patriotic imitation. No good deed
was ever done in vain. No word fitly spoken
was ever lost. The heart of the gray
haired sire may fail, as he sees his wise
counsels spurned by headstrong and heed
less youth, yet he sagely knows that those
counsels have entered into the sum total of
youth's experience, sooner or later to bear
abundant fruit. The young mother who
coos her warm love into the ear of her
smiling babe, knows with the pre-vision
that would shame the schoolmen, that in
all;the,temptations that will afterward beset,
her tender accents will rise and fall upon
his memory, like the soft, sweet strains of
an AFolian harp. The voices which have,
from age to age, sounded the trumpet-call
of Freedom, may have wakened no respon
sive echo in inert souls, and may have ap
parently died away upon the wanton air
but; the blast has somewhere made the
pulses thrill and kindled some heart with a
God-like zeal. To the superficial eye the
world is full of failures; yet He who made
the world permits naught to fail. For good
or for evil, all things are a success. The
multitude of apparently unsuccessful ef
forts, in the line of human freedom, which
preceded our own, were not wasted. Each
one served to dissipate some error, or make
some truth more clearly visible. The in
stinct of liberty which in its earlier mani
to be taught a stern obedece to law. The
great lesson had to be learned that Justice
and Mercy to others as well as to ourselves
are the divinely appointed burdens which
Freedom has to bear.
And so the accumulating patriotism of
the world rolled on from century tp centu
ry, gathering wisdom from defeat, and
fresh impulse from disaster, until at last,
sad-eyed and a-weary, it found a home and
a resting-place with us. A virgin conti
nent was reserved for the promulgation of
the Treat primary political and moral truth
that "all men are by nature cre
ated equal." Nearly two thousand
years before He "' who spake as
never man spake" had formulated this
truth in that summary of His divine mis
sion, "Whatsoever ye would that men
should do to you do ye even so to them."
With this command given with equal au
thority as those that were issued amid the
thunuderings of Sinai, the flat went fofth
which, itself striving without force or vio
lence, was destined to work like a leaven
amid the lusts of power, and selfish greeds
of men until, illuminating first the human
conscience in its personal relations, it was,
by slow and imperceptible degrees, to wi
den out until it finally embraced within its
comprehensive scope the recognition of the
rightful political relations between the gov
erning and the governed.
The declaration of Jefferson that .' all
men are by nature created equal " is but a
human paraphrase upon the Golden Rule
that was spoken by our God. "To do
unto others as we would have others do unto
us," is to recognize and put into practical
operation in our dealings with our fellows
the maxim "that all men are by nature
created equal," equally entitled to justice
and to mercy in the eye of the law.
In the highest and noblest sense, the Re
public was not founded by the fathers, but
sprang a fresh creation from the handsof the
great "I am." The positive affirmation by
Jefferson of the equality of human rights
was (unconsciously, it may be,) but the sug
gested counterpart of the divine afrma-.
tion of the equality of human duties. The
two ideas of right and duty blend together
in perfect harmony. To recognize that we
owe daties to our neighbor, is to discover
that our neighbor also owes duties to us.
This idea of the reaiprcity in duty. inevit
ably suggests the idea of the natural equal.
ity of rights. If all are bound to respect
the rights of others then each must have
rights equally with all others.
Throughout the ivilised woorld, tradition
has suggested, the hiatoriRa has recorded,
the phiisopher has reasoned of, and the poet
has chanted "the divine rghts of Kings."
Thrones established by the powerof. the
sword, reared by the enfond labor of pq
willing hands, and whose fondauati io
are washed by seas of humt. bloo-thea
umostrous aalons of humaswroug have,
by the adUlie*o of the syc~phbaM sa the
cowardie of all, been esdwed wait_ the
quality of Dilne etabiIb at, . Know
ye, citizens of the Repubi that tsn
but one government that in mtb
linhed, and that b ueaa it f put
Divine law. •
What! shall we then be tghwol
sacrifies made. in the l am otu
freedom ajour Reroluti6 t hll
we rob the;em of tuleJile t
praies whih our heartes5 to . <n
which beng paid le
wslth a hp es o tuM.
flled? W ,I tw
peated rest--ass s
Ma eart a
it bsee
1aul d , Ia d h
creation, "their lives, their fortunes and
their sacred honor," they placed upon the
uncertain hazard of the die. Through
every heart-breaking discouragement, in
every affliction, deserted by the weak and
betrayed by .the strong, with no visible fu
ture save inevitable disaster - before them
the bullet, behind them the scaffold-for
eight long and eventful years they fought
the good fight, for us and for all mankind,
content to die, if need be, but never to
surrender.
We are here to-day to commemorate their
virtues, to prove that Republics are
not ungrateful, to summon them once more
from their honored graves, and, by the
hallowed memories that cling about them
as a garment, to pray that they will conse
crate and dedicate us, their children, to the
noble work that is set before us. Joy to
all the living of the earth, and to the hon
ored dead ALL HAIL!
Since that eventful morn on the 4th day
of July, 1776, a hundred years are gone
-years filled with human misery, yet
brimming full with hope. Iconoclastic
years welded by time into a hundred
stranded mace with which progress has s
dashed in pieces the images of political su
perstition throughout the civilized world. i
Mankind struggling toward a higher ideal, i
but dumb with its own unutterable e
thoughts, had at laa.",--.
td) - a va s at all misen are by t
nature created equal." This assertion, fi
charged as it was with a glowering menace, a
to every form of oppression, fell like a
thunder-bolt upon the startled and stunned I
senses of Europe, and filled with dismay Ti
every supporter of hereditary monarchy d
and so-called divine right. Little did they li
who made it realize the tremendous conse
quences that were to issue therefrom. Given e:
forth to meet a particular emergency, it e
was the signal for universal revolt, and by a
thrustming forward the individual man as the n
central fact of all creative force, it unchain
all the numberless possibilities of man's ei
achievements. Listen to a few of the won- a
ders it has wrought: f
Its first response came with the opening ii
scenes of the French Revolution, a savage g
protest against the degredation of ages tI
whose panoramic views were lit up with co
the lurid flames of wars that filled the world
with terror and caused all Christendom to cG
stand aghast. From France the infection t(
spread like a contagion to that green isle in iJ
the midst of the stormy Atlantic, where li
since the days of Strongbow, the C
Niobe of nations had sighed in vain sc
for freedom, and wept because It was o1
not, resulting in the rebellion of '98 which a
by reviving the drooping energies of an al- b;
most despairing people and creating for the ft
first time a practical unity of patriotic sen- co
timent, was in its far reaching consequences 01
almost tantamount to a successful revolu- ei
tion. A
Next came the establishment of the Mex- Si
ican, the Central and South American Re- ti
publics, founded upon the ruins of the es
Spanish Monarchy in the New World, copy- fo
ing almost to a line the ground work of the cr
Federal Union, but pre-destined to a faulty in
and incomplete development, in that they at
failed to recognize the absolute freedom el
of conscience, preferring to present to the E
world the spectacle of religion enslaved in vi
States nominally free. lx
From the cloud-capped top of Ben Nevis fo
to the pleasant waters of the blue Danube, St
all Europe was convulsed with the throes th
of an approaching new birth of Freedom. of
Burke did not hesitate to declare that the en
successful resistance of the colonies to the w:
aggressions of the mother country, had nc
saved his own liberties to the Englishman at cu
home. The popularizing of the idea of the al
God-given and inalienable rights of man, mi
led by slow degrees to the extension of the at
suffrage throughout the British Isles, until th
now their government responds to the popu
lar will almost as quickly as our own. The th
ever-pressing demand for the recognition of wi
these rights has led to the modifieation of fx
the land tenures in Ireland and the removal fo
of those blighting restrictions upon her be
trade, which so long enforced poverty and an ur
unwilling exile upon her people, until it th
may be safely predicted that comparatively gi
a few years more will bring free homes to a ev
free and prosperous, if not an independent m'
Struggling to compass for herself the in- he
estimable boon of popular government, go
France has passed through the inconceiva- tel
able turmoil of a hundred years, to find th
peace at last in the arms of a Republic fash- op
ioned after our own, and showing full ca- th
CmI1,Y W pJWIunue wL uasl iury IsDLLnu1U uy
law that furnishes the only safe guarantee
for perpetual duration.
Germany taught by the bitter humilia
tions of the Napoleonic wars that her safety
lay not in feudal laws nor the prerogative of
kings, but in the strong arms and willing
hearts of her people, bas borrowed fromI
the Union the working plan of subordinate
States, with an Imperial government over
all, and by the simple application of these
primary truths promulgated by Jefferson
has at last, after centuries of disorder,
found that rest and union which neither
Philip II., Charles V. nor the great Charle
magne with all their mail-clad legions could
give.
By the application of the same truths Ita
ly is free,-no longer the prey of petty des
pots intriguing against each other, and
agreed in nothing saye in the common in
stinct which led them to grind the faces of
the poor - but united as one people from
Sicily to the Alps and blessed with a gov
erument nominally a monarchy, but prac
tically a Republic.
Hungary finds repose in the recognition
of this same right of local self-government,
a right which is only an outward and 'viei
ble sign of the internal and natural right of
men to pursue their own happiness in their
no" m v _. 'v
onwu way.
Outwardly the nations of Europe eave
preserved their forms of government. But
these forms have in most instances been
materially modified, or where not modified
have been made to yield to new interpreta
tions of significance. Except Russia and
Turkey, there is not now a single Enropean
power which has not a Constitution, the
laws under which are enacted by a parlia
ment of the people. In some the suffrage
is restricted; in others universal. Consid
ered with the past, the press is compara
tively free, and mere and more do princes
and potentates, smitten with the iron hand
of revolution, seek to establish their author
ity, not upon the bayonets of their soldiery,
but upon the resistless power of public
sentiment. The freedomn of the people is
still bamperd with many uselessnd ex
asperating rsritIo}s from which we are
happily exempt; but during the a un
e years all progress hap been in the line
of the advanement of Winan rights.
The first impulse to this never-ceasing
pgmicu was the great wDe ration which
bee- n rad iayour hearing today. The
si o rtab fs which has kept this pro
gawes 4 n yin its ourse has been
the saeklaoeb lded by the American
iaout .hs or a nble, with no
<or established
chu 0h . the p.l b the
i tfqr the peopula e andfhr
tene ' e copied of all
soular as brawd
anoth k, ~ sodrr the
md
U -oidd
lished by the long line of their own able
udges.
The code of civil practice and procedure,
designed to do away with the artificial
technicalities that encumbered the admin
istration of Justice, first enacted by the
State of New York more than thirty years
ago, and which is now substantially the law
in twenty States and all the Territories of the
Union, was adopted last year by an act of
the British Parliament, as the basis for the
re-organization of the English Courts and
in order that a speedy, adequate and eco.
nomical admistration of justice might be
afforded to -those seeking to have their
rights judicially declared. These are but
a few of the many instances that might be
cited, in which the science ofjurisprudence
has been enriched by the contributions of
America.
The fields of literature have also been
richly fertilized with the product of Amer
ican genius. Bancroft, Hildreth, Prescott
and Motley have taught history a new vo
cation, and illustrated afresh the truth of
the maxim that it is but "Philosophy
teaching by examples." Poetry has caught
a new inspiration from the songsof Bryant,
Longfellow and Poe, while the rollicking in
imitable quality of American humor would,
if it could be concentrated in one supreme
,reff.ot j gi I ffg hitaugh
ter. Fiction has gathered fresh charms
from the exaggerations of the mountains 4
and the prairie; the physical sciences re- I
joice, as nature unfolds her secrets to a
Henry or a Draper, while the telescope of
Mitchell sweeps the starry dome, and draws I
draws down new worlds from out the il
limitable wastes.
Fulton first applied the power of the steam f
engine to plow the rivers and the seas, and
eighty thousand miles of completed railway
attest the heartiness with which the loco
motive of Stephenson has been adopted. 1
The anaesthetic agents of chloroform and I
ether found here their first discovery and I
application in alleviating the pangs of suf
rering humanity and rendering painless the c
inevitable passage to the tomb. Morse
gave to the world the electric telegraph i
that annihilated space and harnessed to the e
ear of progress the thunderbolts of heaven. 3
But why pursue the theme? It would
ronsume the whole of the coming century a
to fitly detail the achievements of the one r
just closed. The inherent right of religious i
liberty, tie right of every man to worship i
lod according the dictates of his own con- d
science, absolutely free from the dictation r
f the State, or the domination of eeclesi
istical authority, the right first preached
by Roger Williams and afterward rein- c
Forced by Calvert, has in the course of the t
century so fiercely assailed the strongholds t
)f religious bigotry, that their walls are a
.verywhere crumbling to the dust. The ,
tmerican idea of a free church in a free (
3tate, echoed by Cavour, and finding a par- v
,ial exemplification in the overthrow of the r
established church in Ireland, is, by the t
*orce of its inherent truthfulness, slowly s
crowding its way against the ecclesiastical a
nterests and hide-bound prejudices of ages,
ad will end, at last, as all truths inevitably o
end, in absolute and assured triumph. In t
Lngland, in Germany, in France, the ad- o
anced thinkers, followed closely by a large
ody of the people, are already clamoring
or the absolute divorce of church and
State, that unholy union which has filled
he world with blood and put back the dial
if time for a thousand years. The new o
entury which begins to-day, ushered in
rith golden promises on every hand, will
tot close before the last vestige of this fi
urse of mankind shall have been swept
way. Press on, press on, ye angels and
rinisters of light- the body and the mind ti
t last are free. God speed the freedom of
ha human inll
the human soul.
Far back in the history of the nation, in
the deep and dark recesses of the primeval
wilderness, the Pilgrim Fathers hewed out
from the lusty trunks of the giants of the
forest the homely logs wherewith they
builded the first rude temple dedicated to
universal intelligence. There, chilled by
the blasts of an almost Arctic winter,
gnawed by the constant pangs of hunger,
ever threatened by the menacing hand of
massacre, they atherydl the you "ilflars
hour-book of knowledge should e the
golden sceptre of Republican power. At
tended by the wealthy and privileged few,
the sages of old had their schools of philos
ophy in which laureled teachers explained
the ancient myths of pagan tradition, or
reasoned of life and death and the immor
tality of the soul. The middle ages, rich
in objects of historic interest, had their
cloistered cells made musical with the chimes
of convent bells, where hooded Friars cop
ied their illuminated manuscripts and sa
ered missals,deeming them too precionsfor
vulgar use,and leaving the common herd of
ignorant kerns to feed on vapory supersti
tions and gloat over their own intellectual
degredation. In the luxurious homes of
the rich, in the palaces of the great, the
scanty stores of knowledge gathered from
the past were hoarded with the jealousy of
priceless treasures. Then, as now, Knowl
edge was Power,and since power was deem
ed the heaven-given privilege of the an
nointed few, knowledge must therefore be
withheld from the many, let them thirst as
they might to drink from its limpid spring.
To the first settlers, who were the original
founders of the Republic, is due the dis
covery that all temporal power is of right
the attribute of the people; from which
discovery the deduction swiftly grew
that knowledge, which is the
mother of power, should be
madp universal. The coming Republic was
to rest upon the ballot; thetefore the ballot
must be educated, so that they who should
use it might use it wisely and well. The
Territory of New England first, and after.
ward the whole Union, was divided into
townships, in the eentre of which was
placed the school-house, so as to be easily
accessible to all. For the first time in the
history of the world the theory obtained
that the universal intelligence of the people
was the only sure bulwark that could pro
tect the State against the insidious wiles of
the demagogue and the enoroachments of
arbitrary power. There were to be no en
nobled orders, no special privilege,no unjust
discriminations. The cotter's child of un
known lineage suddenly became as pre
cious to the State as one who could traee
back a line of a thousand years. No mat
ter how poor, how obscure bemight be, the
cup of knowledge was freely tendered him,
with the cordial invitation that he would
drain itto its dregs
The rude siboolhouse buit upmq the
rop.h-bmud coast of New .I two
ari s half , ba o since
crmbed into dust, but the though, which
it symbolized has grown strong ad
stronger with the passing years.
From the forest glade wherw
rings the falling axe, blazing the way .of
empire in its western course-fromi the
Ittle hamlet nestling'mid the hill, redoleat
with the odors of new mownn bay and. mu
i.estwith the laughter of itte children
from huge eties hoarse with the "our of
multitudes and the di: and cl..gordf .su.o
aesfuel tr , reher ever swells the d
scoral syphon of
praise to thoe w w t in
erwhoer the i u t
bhs band in Bhai with
tb. dessed for teii fTa n is
an ie fetltli`in mt
aule g:. ia ot
-
their villages, and call in vain for the wives
and chltdreu they will see no more. The
groundinut plantations of Angola are de.
stro e4 and for three thousand miles from
the MO.rtains of the Moon to St. Paul'sde
Loanda.he slave yokes lie scattered thick.
To the Worth, to the south, to the east, to
the we*, the ocean groans with the com
merce devised in hell. The unholy greed
of men is feeding upon the bodies and souls
of men, and a transcendental speeles of
Caniualism rules the world. Pandemoni
um is let loose, and the elements quiver
with the yells of fury and the despairing
cries of death. Hark! above the wild
uproarn d resounding din there comes a
voice ft out the western world, calm as
fate a*' rrible as N'emesis, "We hold
these truths to be self-evident that all men
are be nature created equal." The storm
lulls. "J~Jstice and Truth are met together,
Mercy and Peace have kissed each other."
A short respite is given to the iniquity by
the Federal Constitution. A thrill runs
through ~e estates of the realm, as Wil
berforce ijes in his place in Parliament
and declares that the air of the distant
colonies, . that at home must be made
so pure *at a slave cannot breathe
within It.:'Te Czar of all the Russias
Nile, Brazil ears no more the songs of the
slave, and Columbia weeps at last her tears
of grateful joy. The slave ports are closed,
the blood hound has cesed to breed, and
from the Boreal pole to the Straits of
Magellan, the waves are gently lapping
two continents that ring with the anthems
of the free.
The tri-une man of body, mind and
spirit, is emancipated at last; slavery is
gone that chained the trembling flesh;
universal intelligence is bred in the common
school ; and the spirit soars on pinions of
light, untrammeled by the laws of men, to
hold sweet communion with Him from
Whom it came.
Free ! all free ! Done by the labors of
our honored dead.
Ye men and women of the Republic whose
freedom was bought by the precious blood
so freely drained from the bleeding veins of
your revolutionary sires; ye adopted child
ren of the State drawn from far off lands
across the distant seas to sign, with willing
hands, the covenant of the free ; ye lisping
babes, Columbia's fair hope, first striving
now to syllable the names of the heroic
dead, stand ye forth clothed in the free
panoply of your dear won rights, and gaze
with moistening eyes and beating hearts
upon the mounting years of the century to
come. Draw from the contemplation of
the hallowed past that high inspiration that
treads in glory's path, that you may sleep
at last in honor's bed and be to your children
what our fathers are to us. And while the
Centennial drum-beat is iolling 'round the
world, and the glad songs of freedom are
rising on the air, we will fling to the breeze
the rainbow flag of promise, kissed by the
sunlight into the maiden blush of morn,and
as its streaming beauty goes straining to the
wind as witnesses to its glory, we will write
our humble names upon its sacred folds,and
take it as the solemn bond and covenant of
our everlasting love.
NEWV NOR'- WES ERS.
-If you intend todo amean thing put it
off till to-morrow.
-Saratoga has thirty miles of street and
fifteen of water mains.
-A $40,000 diamond necklace at the Cen.
tennial is placarded "Sold."
-Within a year seven members of the
Boston bar have been convicted of various
crimes.
Dom Pedro leaves us forever this month.
May he live long and be happy. He paid
his way.
-Texas has a population of 1,850,000,
with 2,000 miles of railroad and 2,500 miles
of telegraph in operation.
S V.illiamC * -Chlan R theaaasn.h6
t president ef Williams College to
succeed president Hopkins.
-"This bank is a bad place for colds,"
said a punning cashier; " so many drafts
passing through it all the time."
-A judge in sentencing a man to death
observed, "Prisoner at the bar, you will
soon have to appear before another and
perhaps a better judge."
-Sergeant Bates propose to make a
water voyage of 10,000 miles long. The
Detroit Free Press offers him $500 to make
the first mile of it under water.
-Michigan claims tp have 6,000 pretty
school-ma'ams. You know what that means
in Michigan. They don't happen to have
warts on their noses.-Rochester Democrat.
-Harvey discovered the circulation of
the blood before he was thirty-four. Yet
some editors get to be over a hundred be
fore they can discover the exact circulation
of their own newspapers.
-A Yankee advertising for a wife, says :
"It would be well if the lady were possess
ed of a competency sufficient to secure her
against excessive grief, in case of appidept
nra nertnn In her 1Amnanian 21
=-In the ease of Rev. Mr. P. Kendrick
(Baptist) of Columbus, Ga., in the affair
with a girl of thirteen for nearly a year,the
"pious man" was let off with a fine of
$500.
-A merchant manufactured a stock of
silk handkerchiefs a short time ago made
like a flag, and having the Declaration of
Independence printed on them, and five
thousand of them were sold in almost no
time at all.
-The Boston Globe is informed on good
authority thaait their coming session in
Philadelphia the book publishers intend to
recommend the trade to mark down the re
tail prices of books in the United Sta ep
about op0fthb,
-In this warm weather the country road
is of powdered dust; the bashes are as
heavily white as if covered with hoar frost;
the winking frog sits disconsolately where
was once a puddle, but where now is 'a
baked, cracked patch, and over it hangs a
bouquet of motionless yellow butterflies-
N. Y. Herald.
-Formerly rain was unknown upon the
northern part of the Red BSe; bat sines
the bailding of the Sues (lua rPatsawe
have fallen rgula$y about ones afinlgh
Tbh result has beea t 1o ert mup vegqea.o,
pye luo the s latio aideits he m* weo -
tr ulust(rnr. If things gscruss they
2eWgun, the sands of the Isthmus will be eso
gcre with forests t anotherafty or sixty
:etl sothat it wf spkbaqe tew
nr, ad aftpaa it fab in
PULL DOWN YOUR VEST.
An Incident of the Oincinnati Conven
tion.
The Indianapolis ,Journal says : But the
funniest incident of the whole session was
when Richard H. Dana was addressing the
convention, the joke being at his expense.
He is a fat,fluffy sort of a man, with a gen
eral disposition on the part of his body to
1111 his clothes quite full and run over a lit
tie. He was seconding the nomination of
Bristow, and assuring the convention that
no other man could carry Massachusette,
etc. His remarks were not well received,
his manner was oiensive, an4 the conven
tion made no concealmentof it impatience.
Finally, at the chse ofIpg0 o Mr. Dana's
sentences, when he paseed a moment to
gather breath and inspiration, some .s. in
the gallery shouted, " pulldown your vest';."
The idea of saying such f g -
blooded gentleman frou
8nitel
hit was at once so audacious and so palpa
ble that the convention fairly shouted, and
the dignified gentleman from Massachu
setts was himself visibly embarrassed. He
probably goes home more fully convinced
than ever that Western civilization is a
failure, and that the true, the beautiful,and
the good find their only safe abiding place
in Massachusetts.
Clothes for the Heathen.
About a year ago the ladies of a certain
Dorcas society made up a large quantity of
shirts, trousers and socks, and boxed them
up and sent them to a missionary station on
the west coast of Africa. A man named
Ridley went out with the boxes,and stayed
in Africa several months. When he re
turned the Dorcas society of course was
anxious to hear how its donations were re
ceived, and Ridley, one evening, met the
members and told them about it in a little
speech. He said :
"Well, you know, we got the clothes out
there all right, and after a while we distrib
uted them among some of the natives in
the neighborhood. We thought may be it
would attract some of them to the mission,
but it didn't, and after some time had
elapsed and not a native came to church
with those clothes on, I went out on an ex
ploring expedition to find out about it. It
seems that on the first day after the goods
were distributed one of the chiefs attempt
ed to mount a shirt. He didn't exactly
understand it, and he pushed his legs
through the arms and gathered the tail up
around his waist. He couldn't make it
stay up, however, and they say he went
around inquiring in his native tongue what
kind of an idiot it was that constructed a
garment that wouldn't hang on, and swear
ing some of the most awful heathen oaths.
At last he let it drag, and that night he got
his legs tangled in it somehow, and fell
over a precipice and was killed.
" Another chief who got one on properly
went paddling around in the dark, and the
people, imagining he was a ghost, sacrific
ed four babies to keep off the evil spirit, as
they tbought.
"And then, you know, those trousers
you sent out? Well, they fittted one pair
on an idiot, and then they stuffed most of
the rest with leaves sad set them up ssa
worship them. They say that the services
were very impressive. Some of the women
split a few pairs in halves, and after sewing
up the legs used them to carry yams in,and
I saw one chief with a corduroy leg on his
head for a turban,
"I think though the socks were most
popular. All the fighting men went for
them the first thing. They filled them
with sand anC used them as boomerangs and
war clubs. I learned that they were so
much pleased with the efficiency of these
socks that they made a raid on a neighbor
ing tribe on purpose to try them, and they
say they knocked about eighty women and
children on the head before they came
home. They asked me if I wouldn't speak
to you and get you to send out a few bsa
rels more, and to make them a little stron
ger so's they'd last longer, and I said I
would.
" This society is doing a power of good
to those heathen, and I've no doubt, if yon
keep right along with the work, you will
inaugurate a general war all over the conti
nent of Africa, and give everybody an idol
of his own. 411 they wanit is enough socks
and trousers. I'il take them whon I goout
again."
Then the )oreas passed a resolution de
claring that it would, perhaps, be better to
let the heathen go naked, and give the
clothes to the poor at home. . Maybe that
is the better way.-Philadeiphda BulleiUn.
Mr. Beeober's experience on the witness
stand has made him a little cautious. In
the recent suit brought by a dentist to re-,
cover the price of "toothing " the Beecher
family, H. W. cheerfully admitted that
"from an early period of her life his wife
had been cotnpeilet to depend upon auals
ry eleme~ut in eating" ; but degpined to
state whether any of the ( auxiliary ele
ments" were teeth of the plaintiff's con
struction. "Auxiliary elesentat" is geod
and some composer of dentrifi ip ay yet
thankt the pastor of Plymouth for suggest
hog a combination which will. "work up"'
so sweetly on the roadside fenee or on the
natural bill boards in the mountainous port
stems of the country.
The number of railroard aoldents i the
United States bor ty year endlng May 1,
was 1,oo00 by w.bieh a9persoea were kIaId
and itajured. The largest number e
aidetast in un one meuth oeeumd n
septemher, whm thees weea 11 6,
the death of 50 erunes ad t. of
cumber of peasesgers re i
ibaar gIEt `arm Ih i e h Ui as
> oraeý *i turlsa anabl e
II
eqigeohaenatathepa~ettW
The War Cloud on the Danube.
)(urad Effendi, the suenossor of Abdul
Azziz, is early realizing the dil+eultles that
surround the Sultan of the Turkish Ra
pire. Servia, the most warlike of the
Danubian principalities, has taken the
field, Bulgaria has issued a proclamation of
independence, the troops in Montenegro
are ordered in readiness to move, and the
revolution in Herzegovina is anything but
quelled. The uprising of Servia is another
illustration of the power of tradition to
move communities to patriotic action.
The town council of Belgrade, the capital
of Servia, not long since issued a manifesto
calling upon " Servians to rise and restore
the ancient Empire of Servia.' The ap
peal was to the sentiment that animated
the Servians four or five centuries ago,
before the time that the Crescent had
triumphed over the Cross in the domain of
0tb4. F a. founded by Constantine the
-that appeal has been answered is
a r atv rtnez? lnm-ir'cnam -
bilities that in the course of a few days
the Sorvians will meet their ancient enemy.
It was not without a severe struggle that
the ancient Empire of Servia was broken
up by the Mohammedans. In 1389, on the
plain of Kossova, the Turks gave battle to
the Servians. The latter were defeated
with great loss, but the Sultan Amurath
was killed by a Servian nobleman. Then
the Turkish conquest was not complete,
ane it was not until 1521 that the Sultan
Solyman II. found himself in the possession
of Belgrade, the Servian capital.
Servia remained a part of the Ottoman
Empire until 1717. In 1718 the Austrians
were in possession of Belgrade. In 1739
the Principahty was again given up to the
Turks, and was finally restored to the
Ottoman Empire by treaty in 1791. Since
that time there have been continuouso
revolutions against Turkish rule. In 181
a partial independence of the Turks was
secured by Milosh Obrenovitch. The
province has remained a suzerainty of the
Turkish Empire until this time. By the
Treaty of Paris in 1856, this state of semi
independence is guaranteed by the Euro
pean contracting powers, but the people
have remained restless under the despotism
of Turkish rule.
Servia, of all the principalities, is per
haps in the best condition for throwing off
the Turkish yoke. It is the most prosper
ous of them all. The people are warlike.
The population in 1873 was 1,400,000.
The finances are flourishing and the coun
try is free from the blessing of a national
debt. The army, with the mihtia, con
sisted in time of peace of 80,000 men, and
the country would ere this have been en
tirely independent of Turkish rule but for
the restraining influences of the great.
European powers.
It is not surprising that Bulgaria should
have declared itself independentof Turkish
Sule after the severe cruelties which, dur
ing the present rebellion, have been com
mitted in that province by Ottoman troops.
The telegraph a few days ago stated that
thirty-seven villages had been destroyed
and from 18,000 to 30,000 lives sacrificed.
The Bulgarians are described as a peace
able, industrious and intelligent people.
They are principally engaged in agricul
ture, but also work the coal mines which
more directly under the rule of Constanti
nople than Servia. The population of the
province is estimated at 2,500,000, of whom
not one-fifth are followers of Islam.
Montenegro, another of the Danubian
provinces reported as ready to take up
arms, contains a population of about 180,
4)00, chiefly Selaves. The people, although
not numerically jarge, are hardy and brave,
similar to those races who inhabit a moun
tainous region.
Watching the Rosebush.
The Detroit Free Press says:-Over the
rains of a house, which was half burned,
on a dreary, unpaved street in the eastern
part of the city, a rosebush isslowiyclimbh
ing. It is so small yet that the passer who
glances at the blackened beams and rafters
would not notice it, but for months it had
no one to cut away the rank grass, give it
water and help it in its struggle. to hide
the sad work of fire, One day a little lame
girl discovered the stunted bush and her
eyes filled with joy. A fither buried b.
yond the sea-.* mother in Elmwood-she
lived in a cottage near the rosebush with a
queer old couple, whose hearts felt kindly
toward the orphan, but who saw nothing
in the rosebush beyond what they might
have seen in a weed. It was early spring
when the child found the bush, and she
carried it rich earth, lifted the poor twigs
with tender hands and talked to it as if it
were a playmate. Rough boys soon die.
covered why she visited the jias, and at
frst they were a mind to pU up the bush
tosee her weep over their work. They
rephemered that she was lame, an they
went in and lielpd her soave thebbdha e
timbers flay by dayetbils til wahteli
the bash. When the wind mroaned modly
ashe trembled for fear it would injure the
bushb, and when the rainiops Vtu she
hoped they would nt strike the leanes too
harsly. 1i wataber was ever more srig.
Mlta iIitfunl and patiM. lShenta one
her plans. One umoeratngaweft rag she
found a bad, Rrery td, * r da and
days, dw bad pe- ahang the laveaseto
see if asu4 w fori`litda..l day sAe
h3l I disapp u ted, *tl a hsi. brase
and epeMl kearbu herbl haverdespaired,
she aifI thl beAbb aund
thu, badeAe neth la th uS bu 8el
time l't. t*Ttagrh7 i gr
Sea *4i " la nd %.4that massht
aMs grn
' T
- Io~~''~"wA ~in ~ek
bw~l~masCdl odtt: uma~e.1ndwA rl~idat
hw ~ Whtui t fr~~~ g~ R" IO a-.4.iO s
80
tbe kn a )IortBýWeif
TflDeER -h a, 1O* Ya!74
T1EBY$1--Psbsh kr rill 1a sprar
One sear .,,.. »» _ ,...... ::. l~~~~~~ as
Six Monthr..... ...,.........,~~~_~~Q0
Three MIonths,......,...... ..,,,~~,~ ~ 1 5
NEWSPAPER DECXSION&
1. And ones Rho fates } grý;ofsr~ tirs 6 Poe'c
og a' ewhethe directed n ?b r s*iotbere, or
whet e r he tic saobe ihe or $of nr plolrilbb fr the
S. If a puma mtwusl -1 dbaaoodue, he mni
t orea th po>ºm iu n men a bla i b
"ao ps l d ik itls~dril
, l'wa evidence
.r s at tllbJ I c o -]a rtD t r wr° `
Neomtanoee by draft, dmonimy oder, or registered
letter, sm be msot at our . ems 7Efl asre r.
elred to register Ietbet t s
EVANGELICAL COlRNER.
Mrs. Hayes is a Kentuckian.
An expensive wife makes a pensive hus
band.
Lace mite are slowly but surely coming
into style again.
It still remains fashionable to make
dresses of two colors.
A fine quality of grenadine ribbon is a
new and pretty trimming for hats.
Bunches of flowers either real or artifl
cial are worn in the belt at the left side.
The wife of Governpr Hayes is a Ken
tucky woman, who freed all her slaves of
her own will.
There were but one hundred and fifty
buttons on a dress reetly sent homem from
One of the late Sultan's wives went into
the millinery business, but the others
ordered summer bonnets on. credit and
rained her.
Rose Eytinge denies in a letter to the
press that she attempted to take her life
because of cruel neglect by her husband,
George H. Butler.
A hat for a married lady is of black
chip trimmed with cream-coloied grena
dine ribbon and feather to match, a small
spray of red berries and leaves, low in the
back and one in the center of the. face
trimmings.
To avoid having too many bands of
underskirts pass around the waist at the
same place, small buttons may be placed
under each other on the corset, to which
each waistband may be fastened, and
prevent the thickness of figure about the
hips.
This is the way in which the Kentucky
ladies enthuse over the Republican nomi
nations :-" Born, at Lexington, to the
wife of Isaac Stevens, June 17, twin boys,
Rutherford Ifayes Stevens and William
Wheeler 8tevens, after the nominees for"
President and Vice-President of the Repub
lican party."
On a recent Sunday, two girls, pupils of
an Illinois seminary, were about leaving
their room for church, when a dispute
arose as to which had occupied the most
time in dressing. The discussion waxed
warm, a bet was made, to be decided on
the'spot, and three other girls were called
in as judges. The contdstants removed
all their clothing, and at the call of "time"
sprang to the contest. For a few moments
the air seemed filled with flying bits of
feminine drapery-shoes, stockings, gar
ters, etc.-and the winner was all "hooked
up" and had her bonnet on in seven in-.
utes and thirteen seconds, the other girl
coming out in less than half a minute
behind.
Dom Pedro's Father' Visit -to the Uni
ted States-A Staving Trip.
Appropos of Dors Pedro's visit to this
country, an interesting story is told. It
will be remembered that in 1822 the Bra
ed their independence, and conferred the
imperial crown on Dorn Pedro, the son of
John VI. of Portugal, then regent during
his ihther's absence. ThIawas. the father
of the present Dom Pedt. ro ..-uled till
1831, when forced to atby. gmwlng.issatis
faetion, which culminated i a- short .but
violent revolution, he abdieated, favoc aQ.f
his son. Popular feeling against:him was
very bitter, and his personal safety was
threatened so that he was forced to conceal
himself.
It was at this juncture that a Stoningtos
vessel put into Rio Janeiro with a cargo
consigned to the British consul at that
place. Her master was Captain Thomas
Dunbas, of Stonington, an old sailor, with
the courage of a lion and the heart of A
child. He lay in port some days discharq.
ing and receiving cargo, and was at length
ready to uail. The night before his depar
ture the British consul sent for him to
come to the consulate, and after a long
preliminary conversation, told him that
the emperor was in hiding in his house,
and asked Capt. Dunbar to -aid in his es
cape. This the latter at once consented to
do. The question then arose how should
it be effected. The wharves and water
fronts were lined with police. and soldiers,
watchingr for the royal fugitive, and escape
seemed almost impossib.. A plan was
finally Agrea upon, and In the eand proved
suecessful.
The bship which lay at one of the wharse
was get ready for se the next morgipg
and was on the pontof getting under way.
when the captain saMealy recolllected that.
he had forgotten to take his, ship-bread
aboard.. A niessenger was accordingly
despatched, and Ini some way it was pro
caed at this onsistate. A waigon load of
biscuit In barreis waisent down and rolled
eraoes the wharf and into the vessel's hold.
In one of tha wasPedro I. The ship got
under way,.and when safe from pursuit,
th eask was opened and he was tliberated,
nearly exhausted by his position. The
ship ca..e to Stontgton, whe the fan -
rr was lantded sreeegsi .-anb d whene
heleftfe flor pe. X.sasik e t. DuAbsr
a pmenat of f0'ri Bt saf es., which
atth t e *u eeisIsee aa mualisent
s-s Cae ap n ll fte Er d eyrehates
edi eightl ad dish *hir years ago at
w4i t 4l qom n 4s lawCoan, Bt.w 11a,
)6WWUirt~s V R lrP~
b disel"

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