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The new North-west. [volume] (Deer Lodge, Mont.) 1869-1897, December 27, 1878, Image 2

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-Mr. J. V. Bogert, a well qualified and
deserving getlema. has been confirmed as t
Register of the I. 8. Land Office at Boze-a
man. °
-By the wrecklag of the steamer Byz- o
antine 159 lives were lost and only 14 t
saved.' Ocean steamship disasters are b
frequent and fearftul lately. t
-The libel suit against the S. F. Chron- a
ibe by the abortionist O'Donnell, has been C
decided for the defense on the ground that f
the charge waru true, and now the Chronicl t
is striving to have O'Donnell held for mgr- r
der.
-The first shipment of horses from Amer
ica for the um of the French army arrived
about the 1st of December at Havre, and
were ordered through Consul Brigland. t
The French military inspectors are much c
pleased with them. a
-Several large Brooklyn stores are now t
using the electric light. The effect is very I
sne and large crowds are attracted. The
cost is about one-fourth that of gas. An
Indication of what is expected of it is ev
idenced in the fact that one of the New
York gas light companies stock sold at
$1~l on October 2d and at 97 cents on
Nov. 18th:
-To Americans the wit and humor of
the " funny " Enghsh papers is generally
the most lugubrious stuff imaginable. Re
cently the New York Herald has been sys
tematically prodding Punch, Judy, Fun and
other journals of like ilk on their ponder
oas stupidity, and it is possible may ex
cite them to emulate the infinitely better
wit of the American press.
-District Attorney Mayhew, who was
elected without opposition at the recent
election, has flied his bond and is in dis
charge of his duties in the third term.
Mr.Mayhew is a deservedly popular oicer,
and discharges every duty devolving upon
him with marked ability and conscientious
fidelity. The district is fortunate in hav
ing the services in that position of a lawyer
of fine attainments and large experience,
and in whose honesty and integrity may be
placed implicit reliance.
-The names so far mentioned for pre
siding officers of the Legislature are : For
President of the Council, Hon. A. H.
Mitchell, of Deer Lodge county; for Speak
er of the House, Hon. Samuel Word, of
Madison, and Hon. W. J. McCormic, of
Missoula. There is little doubt that Dr.
Mitchell's acquirements, experience, execu
tive ability, and the importance of the
county he represents, will commend him as
the first choice of the Council-a choice
that will be emphasised by his having at
the Tenth Session waived his claims to the
P.esidency of the Council when Hon. A.
E. Mayhew was elected Speaker of the
-House. Certainly Deer Lodge county would
appreciate the preferment bestowed on a
*member in whom it has the utmost confl
deace and who has repeatedly represented
it se creditably and beneficially. We trust
the Dr. will receive the compliment of elec
'tibn on the first ballot.
-The Bismarck Tribune, speaking of
Bismarck's river trade this season, says:
"The Mdntana business this season has
increased thirty per cent., and in the case
of the Benton line has doubled itself.
There have been monts or open river.
The arrivals at the Bismark Landing foot
.. ..- . _160L.- ~t largest number in its
-% ee arrivals at Fort Benton were
50, and the freight unloaded at that live
town about ten thousand tons. About six
thousand tons went from Bismarck, and
we should have had the whole ten. The
freight brought down this season has
amounted to fifteen hundred tons, inde
pendent of the 700 head of Montana cattle
shipped down by the Coulson boats. The
down freight included buffalo robes, furs,
wool and bides. The ore was unusually
light on acoount of the' depreciation in the
price of lead. The low grade ores were
not shipped this year. Hitherto the lead
,taken from them paid for the transporta
tion."
-Among the memories the death of
Minister Bayard Taylor revives is that of a
day in the early spring of 1862, just before
Moclellan's advance to Manasses. The
scene was Camp Pierpoint, Va.; the occas
* ion a review of the Pennsylvania Reserves;
the persons Mr. and Mrs. Bayard Taylor
proceedinE in their carriage to witness the
pageant, and a Union soldier just conva
lescing from camp fever enjoying a walk in
the sunshine on a slope of the Virginia
Hills. The halt of the carriage party, a
pleasant greeting, kind words and an invi
tation to a seat in the carriage are among
the memories of Bayard Taylor and wife
that linger and are cherished. The distin
guished guests of General Meade, the
scholar and author whose fame was world
wide, with his happy faced wife, had time
to pause in their gala day drive and disposi
tion tomanifest kindly interest in a stranger
and a private in the Army of the Potomac.
May the soul of Bayard Taylor rest in
peace.
.-The Independent calls the attention of
Delegate Maginnis to the act of Congress
we cited two or three months since which
cuts down the number of subordinate ofi
cers of the Legislature and also reduces the
per diem of all. This is not the worst of it.
The appropriation for the Eleventh Session
of the Montana Legislature is insufficient
to meet the per diem and mileage alone,with
the subordinate offioes consolidated, to say
nothing of rent had preparation of halls,
stationery, fuel, lights, furniture, etc. The
attention of Delegate Maginnis was called
to thisetste of affairs in September and he
joinedh the Secretary of the Territory
in urging upon the First Comptroller of the
Treseury action that may obviate some of
the difaculties. The question as to the con
solidation of offices, per diem, etc., was also
submitted to that officer at the same time.
The letter was evidently miscarried, but it
was duplicated in Novemberand a telegram
received from Washington a few days since
announces an answer to it will be received
in a few days.
-Territorial Treasurer Weston has re
deemed all Territorial Warrants up to the
1st of August. Governor Potts has a prop.
osition to take all the Territorial bonds at
.6 per cent., if exempted from taxation ia
Montana, or at 8 per cent. if taxed. As
none of the Montana bonds are now held in
the Territory we derive no benefit from
taxing them. They now bear ten percent.
.itrest, and eight years ago, when Gover
mar Potts' administration began, were
daawlag fifteen per cent. interest. It is
belised If they ar refanded at8 per eeht.
asd tased Mat the new issue will be taken
staI4e of the Territory, but if lmased at 8
pSrW ., and mae taabe, thery ernbe soid
bee. it Iwould sew, thersars, to be to
tia latunest of tse Trri t te ssue an -
**$i par ceat. boel. '#e syoue -
:7i
(i
THE TERRITORIAL PRISON.
The Grand Jury in their report published
last week earnestly recommeded the com
pletion of the United States Prison at this
place. Marshal Botkin will use every ex
ertion to press the subject upon the atten
tion of the authorities and secure favorable
action by Congress. A bill making appro
priation for additional room there passed
one house at the recent session but failed
to get through the other. This we believe,
however, only provided for an additional
tier of cells in the wing now constructed I
and is inadequate to the necessities of the
case. There are now twenty-eight cells,
fourteen in a tier, and the next contempla
ted tier wil increase the number to 42. Al
ready during this month there have been
36 prisoners in durance at once, who have
necessarily to be locked in their cells at
night. With 30 prisoners, 16 men have to
be locked up two in each small cell endan
dering their health and greatly increasing
the opportunities for, and encouragement
of, conspiracies to revolt and escape. The
system is neither humane nor safe. With
the three tiers completed there would be
now but few vacant cells, and it is more
than probable, judging by the past, that by
the completion of those 42 cells there will
be enough convicts sentenced to fill all of
them. The population of the Territory is
rapidly increasing. The advent of a rail
road and with it an increase of a lawless
element is probable. There is always a
larger per centage of long term sentences
than there are deaths, escapes and pardons
and so the number of convicts in durance
increases out of proportion to the current
sentences. The construction of six more
cells than actually occupied is not therefore
an adequate provision against the assured
requirements of the case before another
year shall have passed. The construction
of the central building is absolutely neses
sary for security and proper management,
but, besides this, the other wing, with at
least one tier of cells, shoul be built and the
building be completed according to the or
iginal design. We trust that these circum
stances will be duly considered by the At
torney-General and Delegate Maginnis,and
that the bill which was introduced long
since and might have answered the purpose
at the time, will be withdrawn and another
substituted providing for the completion of
the entire building. It can be built much
more economically if constructed all at once,
and the convenient quarries from which the
stone was procured are being exhausted in
a manner that will soon necessitate increas
ed expense in procuring desirable stone. If
the matter is urged at this session the work
mightrpossibly be completed in 1879 and
most certainly by that time the demands
upon the facilities of the Prison will have
rendered its completion necessary. It is a
matter that should command the favorable
action of Congress at this session.
TH PABSSAGE OF THE LO LO.
The most interesting of the many valua
ble papers written by Duncan McDonald on
the Nez Perces War appears this week. It
gives the history of the passage of the Lo
Lo fortifications and the condition of affairs
that induced that wonderfully bold and
successful movement. While not differing
materially from the reports published at the
time, it brings out in clear relief the one
principal point which decided the Nez Per
ces to risk all and everything in that re
markable movement. Under instructions,
Capt. Rawn demanded an unconditional
surrender and the giving up of all arms.
The Nez Perces were seeking the buffalo
eountry, expenting to find Sitting Bull on
the Yellowstone. Hence they determined'
upon one of the most brilliant tactical
movements in the history of warfare and
a rcomdished it sucessfull. Capt. Rawn
accompisneu it succesesully. apt. nawn
anticipated they would attack him in his in
trenchments. They preferred to flank "the
corral." He had force enough to resist
them there but did not feel confident enough
to leave his rifle pits and attack them on
the mountain or in open country, and their
bold movement was unobstructed. The
paper still further emphasizes previous
statements that Looking Glass and not Jo
seph was the leading chief of the campaign
after he joined the hostiles at Cottonwood.
This also is substantiated by the local his
tory of the war. Joseph's band taking the
initiative in hostilities his name came into
use and prominence as the head and front
of the offending, but in reality it appears he
waived what rights of chieftainship he may
have had, on account of tribal dissensions,
and the old warrior so well known in Mon
tana led his little band on their wonderful
march which was only covered with disas
ter when they deemed it ended and their
haven reached.
BATARD TAYLOR.
Most unexpectedly to nearly all comes
the announcement of the death of Bayard
Taylor, the distinguished Minister of the
United States to Germany, a position to
which he was confirmed only a few months
ago with the highest testimonial of appre
ciation the Senate could confer. He was
born in Chester county, Penn., Jan. 11,
1825, and was in the zenith of his life and
usefulness when death summoned him to
appear at the higher court. Mr. Taylor
was early apprenticed as a printer, but,
possessed with an insatiable desire to see
the world, left his case and without scrip or
purse, visited Europe, defraying his limited
expenses by worrespondense and traveling
over the principal countries of Europe on
foot. His impressions were subsequently
given to the world in that most popular of
sketch books, "Views Afoot, or Europe
Seen with Knapsack and Staff." On re
tarning t New York he was given a place
on the editorial staffof the New York Tnr
buns, and a few years later visited Califor
nia and again Europe, Asia, and the Orient.
His travels have perhaps been more exten
sive than those of any other American
writer, and his writings voluminous and at
tractive. During the early part of the war
he was sent as secretary with the mission to
St. Petersburg and for a time was charge
d'affaires to that great and friendly power
whose good will was largely increased by
his action. During this time and since he
also contributed largely to lighter litera
ture sad up to the time of his death was
engaged in writing the lives of Germany's
great poets, Goethe and Schiller. In his
death the country has lost a true patriot, a
pure man, and successful diplomatist, and
the world of letters one of its brightest or
naments.
-General Browne,commanding the ad
vanoe English column penetrating Afghan,
telegraphed last Friday from Jelalabad
that he had ocupied that oity and found
the inhblitants friendly. The Ameer left
on the 10th. There has been a belief that
the Ameer was eatiemg the British into the
Interior of his mountain domain that he
aight fall upon them with hias eroe tribes,
eatoff their communlcatious and destroy
them, bat i he does not quit runing so=
and commence hisaggreulv warfare con
alum in bis gale csau d valor willbabadly
akes. Jltherbhls - l have deserted
J.a r e plvtmgi a p eart of d eoep
*Iato the UatUeme% wh~eBasha Ar
-It seems it is not Edison's invention
alone that is bringing the eleo htinto
use and causing the deprec . of gas
stocks. The New York Music Hall, now
burning 500 gas lights at c cost of $15 to $20
per tight is putting in the Brush electric
light which is guaranteed to not exceed for
power, carbons, interest in the plant and
incidental*expenses, $3 per night. Stocks
of the Boston Gas Company which have
sold within six months for $810 are down
to $625. In one of the New York com
panies the depreciation has been still
greater. Notwithstanding these facts it is
still claimed by some, that coal gas will
prove the cheaper and more reliable light.
NOTES OF THE DAY.
The wine interests of California represent
$60,000,000.
The total yellow fever mortality will
crowd 14,000.
The Harpers pay Mr. Nast $200 a week
for his pictures.
Bret Harte has made arrangements to
give a series of lectures in London and pro
vincial towns.
A Marseilles almanac predicts for 1879
the deaths of Bismarck, Gortschakoffand
Beaconsfield.
James Dykes, champion draught player
of Canada,,died, Dec. 8th, of an over dose
of morphine.
One. of the presents to the Princess
Louise at her departure from Liverpool was
a copy of the Daily Post, printed on white
silk.
A movement is.on foot to have all the
Territories, in which there is no United
States penitentiary, send their prisoners to
Wyoming.
The proportion of liveslost on;steam ves
sels in the United States during the year
1877, was one and one-tenth to every 1,000,
000 carried.
Lyman Potter,the wheelbarrow fiend,has
accepted a challenge to wheel his barrow
back to New York, starting from San
Francisco. He will start soon.
All the saloons and liquor shops in Rich
mond, Va., closed on Sunday for the first
time, it is said, in the memory of the oldest
citizen. It is regarded as a triumph of pu
ritan ism.
The young men at the Academy who go
out between acts probably go out for an
opera glass.-Herald, P. I. Wrong, Mr.
P. I.; they probably go out for their rye
glass.-- Witehall Times.
Within the short period of less than two
f years, 50 odd quartz mills, aggregating
over 1,000 stamps, with a capacity of 2500
tons of ore per 24 hours, have been con
structed in the Black Hills.
Gen. Miles, the Indian fighter, is strong
ly in favor of transferring the care of the
Red Man to the War Department, but
f would compromise on the Interior Depart
ment retaining the semi-civilized tribes and
the army looking after the rest. Some of
d the Indian tribes have been holding coun
s cils on the question, and they are about
e unanimous against the change.-Salt Lake
Tribune.
" That young lady tried her best to catch
your husband before you married him,"
remarked one lady to another, as a mass of
curls and braids, flounces and overskirt
passed the window at which they were sit
ting. "I wish to the Lord she'd got him!'
was the quick reply, and then a dead si
n lence fell upon the two, and wonders in
:t crochet-work were accomplished in the
o next half hour.
u Plymouth Church has agreed to adopt the
. ...f .e ,..nmnatinrnr MFra lianhath R.
report excommunicating irs. Elizabeth R.
Tilton, which was presented at a meeting
held last June. It is based on charges pre
ferred against the lady by her quondam
friend, Mrs. Barbara Wolton, who charges
her with violating her covenant agreement.
It was adopted unanimously after the
prayer meeting last Friday night by raising
the hands. Every hand was raised.
The distance from Keogh to Deadwood,
by the telegraph line, is 185 miles; from
Keogh to Buford, 147 miles; from Buford
to Bismarck, 200; from Keogh to Ft. Cus
ter, 10; and from Ft. Custer to Ft. Ellis,
200 miles. -T'hts samto·Pntf i.s-hs- e
constructed within the past three months
with an appropriation of $50,000. General
Miles, however, rendered much assistance
in the way of men and material.-Bismarck
Tribune.
The price of a wife among the Sioux In
dians is 20 ponies. And when the young
brave has won the girl and got her father's
consent at ruling rates, and the only thing
that remains is to plank down the ponies,
be sits down and sometimes occupies near
ly a whole night thinking whether he had
better steal the ponies from his own father
or from the girl's. He generally steals
them from his prospective father-in-law.
Hawkeye.
The fastest train in England is the "Fly
ing Dutchman," a Great Western train
which makes the 77 miles from London to
Swindon in 87 minutes, or at the rate of 53
miles an hour. But the Pennsylvania rail
road runs a train that rivals it. It covers
90 miles from Jersey City to Philadelphia
in 110 minutes; from New Brunswick to
Trenton, 26 miles in 27 minutes ; from Mill
stone Junction to Deans, 5:60 miles in six
minutes. There is one stretch of 3 miles
that it makes in 168 seconds-less than 2J
minutes.
-- .2-
Greenbacks Preferred to Gold.
CuIcAGO, Dec. 23.-The Journal's
Washinflton special says the Treasury offi
cers regard resumption as an accomplished
fact. During the past week many persons
who sent gold coupons to the Treasury
for payment requested them to be paid in
greenbacks instead of gold.
The St. Louis Bridge Sold. r
ST. Lours, Dec. 20.-The Illinois and
St. Louis bridge was sold at the east front
of the court house between 12 and 1 o'clock
to-doy, under a decree of the court fore
closing'the first and second mortgage bonds.
It wa purchased in the name of Anthony
J. Thomas, of New York, who paid $50,
000 in gold as earnest money. The price
to be paid is $2,000,000.
The Northern Pacific.
Naw YoRa, Dec. 16.-The directors of
the Northern Pacific Railroad meet to-mor
row to open bids for the construction of
200 miles of road from the Missouri to the
Yellowstone. The road has done a good
business the put season from Duluth to
Red River. By an arrangement with the
St. Paul and Pacific road, the North Pacific
has the right of way over their road from
Sank Rapids to St. Paul.
Blaine Befuse to go South.
CHIcAGo, Dec.-20.-The Tribune's
Washington special says : Blaine's friends
say that this is his position on the South
ern question: He deolined serving as
chairman of the special committe appoint
ed under the resolbtion to investigate
Southern elections, because he knew well
that if he accepted and went South in the
discharge of his duties there would be a
howl all over the South that be had come
to stir up strife and ferment disturbance,
and that he might thereby injure his pros
pects for the Presidency.
Becter on Kearney,
Nuw York, Dec. 16.-In his sermon yee
terday, Mr. Beseher said there had not
been in our time an open mouth in the vil
eat slams of New York like the California
orator, Denias Kearney, and yet this fon
mouthed ex-dra man had power to stir up
whole communities as very few men ever
had. Now, however, malign in many re
apats in some respeot. partlcularly to
ward working mpn, he audouhfbtsg has a
f.w. feelin with sh tb he ,._
this. and they uadestanp4 hi.. And then
he has a bigh ysd g4Iobet.ad when
Insdans Preparingr for War.
DEAowoon, Dec. 13.-Colonel Irvinme, at
Fort Walsh, British Possessions, has re
ported by letter to General Terry, under
date of December 1st, that two Sioux run
ners had arrived in the camp of the Amer
ican Sioux near by, and state having left a
camp of 500 lodges on Powder River,
where they intend to remain until the
Missouri river freezes, when they would
cross and join Sitting Bull, whom they
expected to reach in thirty days. General
Terry to-day sent a dispatch to the com
manding officer at Fort Custer to send out
scouts, and ascertain the truth or falsity of
the report, but to make no hostile demon
strations if the rumor proved correct.
It is generally believed here that there has
been a heavy desertion from the Spotted
Tail and Red Cloud Agencies during the
last few weeks, and that at least 2,000 are
now en route. It is the opinion of the
army officers, including General Crook,
that the Sioux are preparing on a gigantic
scale for a general outbreak and persistent
hostilities all along the hne in the early
spring.
Moses on the War Path.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 17.-A Walla
Walia dispatch says : Three woodchoppers
arrived here last night and report having
met the Sheriff of Yakima county with 35
whites and 15 friendly Indians last Satur
day near Priests' rapids, on the Columbia
river, who had been to Chief Moses' camp
for the murderers of the Perkins family.
Although Moses had promised to aid the
sheriff in capturing these murders, he met
the Sheriff and his party with his whole
band of well-armed warriors, in war-paint
and with the most warlike demonstrations.
The sheriff retreated from Moses' strong
hold, and was apparently trying to evade
pursuit when seen. He told these men to
get to some settlement as soon as possible
and send him aid. One of these men claims
to have seen the renegade chieftain, Smo
halla, near Priests' rapids. The friendly
Indians have been warning the woodchop
pers in the vicinity of Priests' rapids to
leave for some time.
The Moses Trouble.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 23.-A Portland
dispatch says 100 cavalrymen under Col.
Forsyth left Wallula by steamer yesterday
for Priest's Rapids. It is reported that
Chief Moses and several of his chosen war
riors have been taken prisoners by Yakima
volunteers. Hostilities are feared.
The St. Louis Bridge.
f ST. Louis, December 20.-Although the
bridge was bid in for Mr. Thomas, of New
York, who is said to represent a large num
ber of bondholders, it is understood that
after the sale is confirmed by the Court it
will become the property of a new com
pany organized here a few days ago, called
the "St. Louis Bridge Company," the
corporators of which are Solon Humphreys,
of New York, E. W. Woodward, G. B.
n Allen, Julius S. Walsh, Edward Walsh,
e Jr., Carlos S. Greely, R. B. Whitemore,
N. S.Choteau, Wm. Taussig, and B. M.
e Chambers,'all of St. Louis. The directors
of this company are Solon Humphreys, J.
S. Walsh, E. W. Woodward, G. B. Allen
n and Ed. Walsh, Jr. The capital is placed
s at $7,900,000. Most of the same parties
have also organized a new tunnel company.
g with J. S. Walsh, President,and N. S. Cho
tean Vice PresidAnt with a canital of
teau Vice President, with a capital of
$1,200,000. Judge Treat, of the U. S. court,
has directed the receivers to deliver ps
session of the tunnel property to the new
company.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20. b of
Congress adjourned at an hLmt .iy,
as if impatient to enter upont~we nt
of the long holiday recess of nearly three
weeks, which they have voted thaselyves.
The net results of the session thus far are
the passage through the House of six of
the regular annual appropriation bills; the
action of the Senate on three of them,
which are returned to the House with amend
ments, is likely to occasion the usual con
flict on the subject of so-called economy
and retrenchment; the passage by both
honuses of the bill averting danger of the
discontinuance of the postal car service;
the introduction of a great mass of new
bills, only a few of which have any con
ceivable chance of enactment; a certain
amount of political discussion, and finally,
the passage of Blaine's resolution providing
for investigation of the resent Southern
elections. On the whole Congress has done
very much more than the average work be
fore Christmas, and the country will per
ceive with satisfaction that there is no
longer any prospect of an excuse for hold
ing an extra session.
Death of Minister Bayard Taylor.
NEW YORK, Dec. 18.-A friend of Bay
ard Taylor writes from Dresden that
Taylor is hopelessly sick with dropsy. He
says a fortnight ago 15 quarts of water was
taken from him and the operation was sub
sequently repeated.
BERLIN, Dec. 19.-Bayard Taylor, Min
ister from the United States, died at 4
o'clock this afternoon. The fatal symp
toms came on suddenly. He had been out
of bed and transacting some business with
officials of the American Legation yester
day. His death was peaceful and pain
less.
BERLIN, Dec. 20.-The Of.cial Gazette
says the government sincerely regrets the
early and unexpected demise of Hon.
Bayard Taylor, who in the short period of
his labors here succeeded in promoting and
maintaining in the most desirable manner
the relations between the United States and
Germany. The Gasets paya high tribute
to Mr. Taylor's character. All other news
papers publish a similarpanegyric.
The funeral services over the remains of
the late Minister Taylor will be held at the
American Legation on Sunday, when the
body will be taken to the mortuary and
await transportation to America. On Sun
day the American residents will take action
in the American chapel.
BERLIN, Dec. 20.-The Imperial govern
ment has addressed a letter of condolence
to the legation of the United States, ex
pressing profound regret at the death of
Mr. Taylor. There is a general feeling of
sorrow over the melancholy event.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 20.-Governor elect
Hoyt will go to Washington to-morrow to
urge the claims of Governor Hartranft upon
the President for the Berlin mission.
Northern Pacic Bids.
NEw Yoax,Dec. 19.-The Sun publishes
the names of bidders for completing the
Northern Parcift Road to the Yelltone,
Minneapolis, ilan., furnishes the gsowr
number, and there are only two or thae
Pacific Coast bidders. Thie fslowna a.r
amon them :
xMLean & Co., Blsiarak, aikotn sad
New Tacoma, Wyoming; Daqk, *ealIgsvh
Guptill, Fargo, Diketa Deahlies,
aI i a Co., Bosmsa
Yirq ao,$~I~LIP~liiSt
T8= KS 7JRO WAR 07 1877.
THE INSIDE HISTORY FROM INDIAN
SOURCES.
BY DUNCAN M'DONALD.
Mr. McDonald. the anth-r of this series of pa
L iOkng Glas rAsn|ats Bird. Last summer, at the
instance of the ?41 ilOBTE4'R zas, he made a six
weeks' trip to BritIsh America, for the purpose of oh
tarsinit.g rorrect particulars of the campaign fiom
White Bird. The data thus obtained is being pre
sented in these articles,. and can be relied upon as
authentic from the Nez Perces standpoint.
THE PASSAGE OF THE LO LO BARRICADES
WHY THE NEZ PERCES MOVED " PEACE
ABLY IF THEY MIGHT, FORCIBLY IF THEY
MUST."
When the Nez Perces camp reached the
Hot Springs on the Lo Lo trail, not far
from Bitter Root valley, three Indians mot
them in their camp. One of these Indians
was a Nez Perces, but his home was in the
Bitter Root valley. He told Looking Glass
there were some soldiers on the trail watch
ing for them to come.
THE INDIAN IDEA.
Looking Glass said he did not want any
troubles on this side of the Lo Lo range;
that he did not want to fight either soldiers
or citizens east of the Lo Lo, because they
were not the ones who had fought them in
Idaho. The idea among the Indians, un
educated as they were, was that the people
of Montana had no identity with the people
of Idaho, and that they were entirely sepa
rate and distinct, having nothing to do with
each other. If they had to fight they be
lieved it was Idaho people they should
lght, and not Montanlans. Looking Glass
therefore gave orderkto his warriors that
in case they should diany white men,eith
er citizens or soldiers, on the Lo Lo, not to
molest them unless, as they had compelled
him in Idaho, these citizens or soldiers
should compel them to fight in self defense.
He said : " We are going to buffalo coun
S"try. We want to go through the settle
"ments quietly. We do not wish to harm
" any one if we can help it."
THE COUNCIL WITH CAPTAIN KINNEY.
The chief then sent an Indian called John
Hill and two others in advance of his camp
while- coming down the Lo Lo. ' These
three came to a post of four or five white
men. This was Captain Kinney's camp
and this was the night John Hill was ar
rested and taken to camp. Hill told Kin
ney the chiefs had sent him ahead to ascer
tain if the Nez Perces camp could pass
through peaceably. Hill was sent back to
invite the chiefs to come to the white man's
camp, saying that these white men wished
to see the chiefs. This was on Wednesday.
Looking Glass immediately started down
with a band of warriors to meet Capt. Kin
ney of the volunteers. When Looking
Glass reached Kinney's camp, the chief re
iterated to him that he did not wish to harm
it the whites east of the Lo Lo mountains;
that it was true he had fought the soldiers
in Idaho when he was compelled to; that he
e did not want to fight any more, and that he
only wanted permission to go through to
buffalo country. At this time the Nez Per
i ces believed that Sitting Bull still retained
' possession of the Yellowstone country and
that if the soldiers still pursued them they
could join Sitting Bull. Kinney replied
that he had no authority to treat with them
but appointed a council for the next day in
d the afternoon.
A TRIBUTE TO LOOKING GLASS.
By this time Captain Rawn was prepar
ing in the Lo Lo a splendid trap for Look
ing Glass and his band. Looking Glass
knew nothing about this trap. He only
F thought the soldiers were camped in the
W customary manner, and had no idea of en
trenchments being prepared to obstruct the
passage of himself and warriors. Readers,
{ 4 dowtyeli7 mnjmotives iliTconstru ed Ii
Sdouaotl*hk iny motives tijisconstrt ed
giving Looking Glaas the leading position
in these movements and councils. I am not
censuring Joseph when I do not give him
preference, nor am I influenced by kinship
with Looking Glass. My statements are
simply the truth of history. I know it was
understood, and probably is yet, by nearly
all that Joseph was the commanding chief
of the Nez Perces force during the war and
that he really is the man who should have
credit for the good work in restraining his
warriors from excesses in their vassage into
and through Bitter Root. It is an error.
Joseph was a good man but he had nothing
to do with the camp, after Looking Glass
joined it near Cottonwood, only by follow
ing it to shelter himself from the retributive
hands of the white man. It was Looking
Glass who saved many a white man's life
during the campaign; he was commander;
as he ordered, camp was moved or remain
ed stationary and what military credit is
due for the conduct of thqt campaign is
due to him. Knowing Looking Glass to
be well known to many whites, and that he
was entitled to his reputation as a really
good, kind-hearted Red Man, I submit
these facts, incidentally,to correct a popular
error. White Bird was a fighting cock,bat,
with the exception of an instance on Sal
mon River, he awaited orders from his su
perior chiefs.
THE COUNCILS WITH CAPT. RPAN.
Capt. Rawn's camp, where he had erect
ed rifle pits in the caflon, was about six
teen miles from Missoula and about four
miles above the mouth of Lo Lo. The
mountains on the south side of Lo Lo are
precipitous and densely covered with stand
ingtimber, so that escape on that side was
impossible. On the north side grassy ridges
stretched away from the stream. allowing
a passage in almost any direction.
On Thursday Looking Glass and White
Bird met Captain Rawn and a few armed
men and shook hands with Rawn. Of
course the latter wanted the feather in his
hat and told Looking Glass he must give up
his arms. Captain Rawn and Looking
Glass then appointed another day to have a
talk.
THE INDIAN COUNCIL.
Looking Glass returned to his camp and
told his'warriors the conditions demanded
for them to treat upon. By this time they
well knew about "The Corral," as Look
ing Glass termed Rawn's fortifications. The
Indians thought it was ridiculous to give
up their arms to their foes. White Bird
made a speech and said:
" We remember a big war that took place
once on the Columbia river. The United
States troops fought against the Yakimas,
Kaynsea, Umatiilas, bpokanes and Couer
d'Alenes. Colonel Wright was the big
chief of the soldiers. After many battles
the Indians were defeated. Colonel Wright
told the Indians that if they would surren
der he would treat them well and hurt no
one but the murderers. On these condi
tions the Indians surrendered. Then Col.
Wright hung many innocent Indiana. Some
of them deserved hanging, but many others
hands were clear of white men's blood.
These soldiers camped below us are of the
samosjkind. How do we know but that
Joseph, Looking Glass and others will be
hung immediately after we surrender?
Tseoeeli r tells ushe does not kaow who
Hill e hung; thatthe government has to
.id o ea that qPuestin." There were
miiustlas of s esl whene White
od. " Ye. Wedo t
I e r > Ida.
nore coafidenos in them. They have had
heir way for a long time; now we must
ave ours. We must go to buffalo country.
f we are not allowed to go peaceably we
ball do the best we can. If the officer t1
rishes to build co.rals for the Nez Perces ri
ie may, but they will nuut hold us back. k
Ve are not horses. The countiy is large. a
think we are as smart as he is and know
he roads and mountains as well. 0
THE LAST TALK. 1(
The Nez Perces, however, concluded to a
Lave another council and try to make peaca t
vithout giving up their arms-the Indian r
-ay of making treaties. On Friday Capt. c
lawn made his appearance about a half
nile below the Indian village with about a
M00 men and halted. An Indian by the t
lame of Pierre, a Flathead was sent for- a
ward by the officer. When Looking Glass
law so many men near his camp he thought
;hey had certainly come to fight. Looking I
glass returned word by Pierre that he C
would meet Captain Rawn, unarmed, half
way between the forces. The council was
held and Lookin_ Glass proposed to sur- i
render all the ammunition of the camp as 1
a guarantee that the Indians intended to go
through the country peaceably. When told
that nothing but nn unconditional surrender
would be acct; :d, he asked for another I
meeting next day to give him time to con
sult with the other chiefs. Captain Rawn
told him that any further communication
he had to make must be made under a flag
of truce at the fortified camp.
On considering the matter further the
Indians determined not to trust themselves
under the condition demanded. They
thought perhaps the white man was anx
ious to make peace, but still they feared
treachery. I remember hearing Delaware
Jim, the acting interpreter, relate that
when Rawn met Looking Glass and de
manded the surrender of the Indian guns,
Looking Glass replied through the inter
preter, " If you want my arms so bad you
can start in taking them. I made up my
mind before leaving Idaho that we would
talk with the white man only through our
guns. When I promise I fulfill and do not
lie as the white man does. When a China
man travels he carries no arms. Do you
think I am a Chinaman? It is foolish to
think of a whole camp going to the buffalo
country and not carrying a single gun."
PASSING THE FORT.
On Saturday Looking Glass ordered camp
to be raised and directed the women to
travel on the north side of Lo Lo until they
passed the " Nez Perces Corral," then cross
the Lo Lo and turn in a southerly direction
up Bitter Root Valley. The warriors were
to cover the movement. The camp moved.
The soldiers and volunteers got into posi
tion in the earthworks and while they were
uselessly standing to arms the Indians
passed deliberately by without any fight
whatever.
While the camp was moving in this man
ner the Indians captured Henry McFar
land, Jack Walsh and another man. These
men were volunteers. Looking Glass told
them they could go home and attend to
tneir own business. During the day sever
al white men fell into the hands of the Nez
Perces, and to all of them Looking Glass
repeated the remark, " Go home and mind
your own business; we will harm no man."
That evening the Nez Perces made camp
on McLain's place, about eight miles above
the mouth of Lo Lo, in Bitter Root Valley.
Horrible Crimes in Nebraska.
OMAHA, Dec. 13.-Two men, named
Ketchum and Mitchell, accused of stealing
stock, and who recently killed a herder
named Steveue while he was trying to ar
rest themi Tuesday night taken
- r i.n opy and his
posse by ii men, who tied
them to' sad burned them to death.
The mob was .apseed of seventy-five
men, nearly all herders, and masked.
.. .. . ~ ~ ~ ,~, , , •r _ . .- . .
The dead bodies. of Mrs. Harlson and
three children were found yesterday in a
haystack on her farm, fifteen miles south
of Kearney, supposed to have been mur
dered on the 8th inst. S. D. Richards is
suspected of being the murderer. It is
thought he left Kearney for the East yes
terday. '
A Fiend Arrested.
CICAGao, Dec. 24.-S. D. Richards a
young man 23 years old, of prepossessing
appearance and graceful bearing was arrest
ed at Steubensville, Ohio, last night on a
charge of the murder of Mrs. Hanson and
three children at Kearney, Nebraska, on
the 8th instant. After his arrest he con
fessed to seven murders and said he ex
pected to die but that his death would be
avenged.
Pacific Coast Appropriations.
WAsINGTON, Dec. 18.-The following
are special appropriations for service in the
Paciflo Coast States and Territories : For
collecting and subsisting Apaches and
other Indians of Arizona and New Mexico,
$320,000; for the support and civilization
of Indians on Malheur reservation, Oregon,
$20,000; for subsistence and civilization of
Groeventres, in Montana $25,000 ; for gen
eral incidental expenses of service, including
the support and civilization of Indians and
pay of employees at the agencies in Cali
fornia, $35,000; Oregon, $25,000; Nevada,
$15,000; Arizona, $40,000 ; New Mexico,
$20,000; Utah, $12,000; Montana, $6,000,
and Idaho, $5,000. The bill provides $15,
000 for the support and civilization of
Joseph's band of Nez Perces in the Indian
Territory and $7,300 for the Modocs re
moved to the same region ; also $25,000 for
the removal of the roving bands of South
Eastern Idaho to Fort Hall reservation and
theirassistance in agricultural pursuits,
and $5,000 to remove bands of South-East
ern Oregon to some proper reservation in
Oregon.
A new feature of the bill is an appropria
tion of $60,000 to pay and equip a force of
Indian police to be used in maintaining
order and preventing illegal traffic in liquor
on reservations. The total force is to con
sist of 800 privates at $5 per month cash
and 100 officers at $8 each.
Edison's Light.
CnrcAeo,Dec. 19.-The Tribune's Wash
ington special says Edison's patent for a
divisible electric light, would have been is
sued to-day if he had paid the final fee. It
has reached the last stage, its issue having
been ordered and only needing the payment
of the fee. Till this is paid the commis
sioner of patents withholds his signature.
Edison's delay in this matter is due to the
fact that his applications for patents in
Europe are so situated that publicity miaht
hinder their issue. By delaying payment
ofthe final feeandthis delay an be con
tinued six months, the patent remains se
aret while ready for lssue at any moment.
Road Agmes camtatu e
Cmraran., (Wy.,) Dec. 28.-A pa.ty of
road agents named Harrinton,, Ma4-un,
Rule, Howard, O esonand "The Kid "
with oeae stoen boasaAnd some goods
heto s Trasihe'stue e near Fort eo.
Soe** 7*00074Wmaad ge Rook
thew At sa .
ail s: h,;
TRLE BAMS h; BRIEF..
ST. Louis, Dec. 20.-Advloes from Tex
as say that official intelligence has been re
ceived at Austin from the El Paso district i
that armed bands of desperadoes have ar- [
rived there from New Mexico, and that the !
Mexicans show signs of making trouble, I
and the judge of the district fears that
court cannot be held.
BERLIN, Dec. 20.-The funeral services a
over the remains of the late Minister Tay- I
lor will be held at the American Legation t
on Sunday, when the body will be taken to I
a mortuary chapel and await transportation
to America. On Sunday the American i
residents will take action in the American I
chapel.
CHICAGO, Dec. 18.-The Journal's
Washington special says : There is not the I
slightest probability that the bill reported
by the army commission to reorganize the
army will become a law at this session. I
The hostilfty to the bill, which has been
privately manifested by many members of
Congress, will prevent any action at the
present session, as the minority can on ac
count of the extreme length of the bill suc
cessfully delay action even if called to a
vote.
ST. Louis, Dec. 13.-George M. McGun
igle, one of the pioneers of St. Louis, died
te-day, aged seventy-eight. He resided
here 53 years.
LOUsVILLE, Dec. 20.-A dispatch to the
Courier-Journal says that Judge Randall,
of Breathitt, has resolved to call a special
meeting of the Co. t, as suggested by Gov
ernor McCrary, in the hope of being able
to cause a cessation of hostilities in his sec
tion.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 21.-The Russian
steamers, Columbus and State of Califor
nia, left for Sitka at 9:30 o'clock this morn
ing.
WAsHINGTON, Dec. 20.-The Senate has
I confirmed G. M. Lambert, of Nebraska, as
United States District Attorney for Ne
braska; Joshua B. Bell, Marshal of the
Eastern District of North Carolina; W.
C. Wingard, of Washington Territory,
Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme
Court of that Territory; Augustus Casaard,
of New Orleans, to be U. S. Consul at
Tampico.
WASHINGTON, Dec, 20.-The Governor
of Kansas had a conference with Gen. Sher
man, and is desirious that a strong militry
force be stationed on the Southern border
of Kansas and hold the Indians in check on
the reservations. The General will comply
r with the desire of the Governor as far as
t the condition of the army will permit.
BuFFALO, Dec. 23.-The severest snow
storm since '71 visited this section last
a night and is still raging. Fully three feet
0 of snow has fallen on a level and is badly
o drifted.
WASHINGToN, Dec. 28.-Louisiana poli
tlcians are confident the President will
within the next 30 days make aclean sweep
P of Federal officials in their State and ap
o point more pronounced Republicans in
y their places. Senator Kellogg has been
for some time trying to bring about such a
n The Republican members of the Blaine
*e investigating committee will press Senator
i. Thurman regarding the corrupt use of
money at the recent election, and the
assessment of Federal office holders for
7 election purposes. Thurman's friends say
is he has no information to furnish other
t than than that obtained from public points.
WAsHINGTON, Dec. 24.-The House Ap
propriation Committe expects to have all
- their appropriations passed and sent to
r- the Senate by Feb. 20th at the furthest.
3 WILMINGTOn, Dec 24.-The steamer J.
SP. Underhill was burned at the wharf this
week. The flames spread from the steamer
,o northeast to the stores on the wharf. Half
r- a square was burned, including five stores,
,z five warehouses, two steamers, two stables,
five horses, 100 hogsheads of molasses, 700
s tons of coal, 1,000 barrels of rosin, and a
id 1...- ,..am nt of nthar nrmduce.
large amount o01 otner prouuvu.
BUFFALO, Dec. 24.-The snow storm
and wind continues. Railroad travel is se
riously interrupted in all directions. There
are now 250 cars of stock at th's point,
intense cold preventing the dealers from
reloading.
DETROIT, Dec. 24.-The weather in this
section for the past few days has been ex
tremely cold, the thermometer falling as
low as 40 below zero. Snow has fallen in
large quantities. Trains on nearly all the
roads are delayed.
Sioux CITY, Dec. 24.-The thermometer
twenty-five miles west of here is as low as
.. -lc-- .L.a an*ew ia upiveal
in the Northwest States.
--=-=
The Douglass Suit.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 24.-The suit against
the government brought by the heirs of
Stephen A. Douglass for certain cotton
captured by the United States government
in Mississippi during the war and sold as
abandoned property was settled finally in
the Court of Claims to-day by a judgment
in favor of the claimants.
A Good Deal Put Out.
NEW YORK, Dec. 16.-The Wortd's
Columbus, Ohio, special, says Max Strak
oech called at the office of the Columbus
Democrat this evening for the purpose of
rebuking the editor on account of some
strictures. Allen O. Myers, editor, as
saulted Strakosch and kicked him down
stairs. The injured manager is consulting
a lawyer.
A Dead Witness.
CHICAGO, Dec. 24.-In the murder trial
of Mrs. Alierro Clark and S. Peter for the
murder of the former's husband which has
been in progress three weeks the breast
bone of the murdered man was exhumed
and brought into court this a. m., to dis
prove the theory of the defense in regard to
the murder. Mr. Weber then began his
speech for the State. The speeches will
probably occupy three days.
Conkling's Decision.
NEW YORK, Dec. 18.-It is asserted very
positively by some of Conkling's friends,as
a result of personal conferences, invited by
him here and in Washington, that he will
not, under any circumstances, consent to
be a Presidential candidate. The Tribune
says it has been the Senator's earnest de
sire to dissociate himself in the public mind
from all ideas of the Presidential candida
cy in the future, and his friends have as
earnestly opposed It.
The Ameer Fleeing.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Dec. 21.-The Sultan,
in receiving Carheodori Pasha, the new
Minister of Foreign Affairs, urged him to
push forward all the negotiatiations con
necting the treaty of Berlin, as he was de
termined to strictly observe all its stipula
tions. He especially indicated the Bosnian
and Novi Bazar conventions.
LONDON, Dec. 21.-The Viceroy of India
telegraphs that Major Cavagnari confirms
the news of the Ameer's having fled from
Cabul to Turkistan. Yakoob Kahn was
left at Cabut. The Ameer had lost nearly
all control and the soldiers were fleeing.
Resumption Assured.
NEW YaRK, Dec. 20.-Among other ev
idence that resumption has come to stay,
attention is called to the fact that the move
ment of precious metals is in favor of this
country, notwithstanding the large return
of our bonds from abroad. Statistics show
that this year we have kept nearly all our
gold and imported a little silver. It also
appears that the exports of trade dollars
during nine months of 1858 have been only
$1,633,000, against nearly $8,255,000 last
year. This indicates that the foreign mar
keta now opened to our coin are already
already glutted. In nine months last year
we sent abroad 8,000,000 more trade dollars
than were returned to us, but we took back
during 9 months this year1,600,000 more of
them than we exported during the same
time.
Indians to be Prosected.
WASHINGeTON, Dec. 18.-The Secretary
of the Interior telegraphed to the Govern-r
of Washington Territory with regard to the
reported outrages by citizens upon Indians
in the Department of the Columbia, in.
strhting the Governor to use his utmost
endeavors to prevent any assault upon the
Inadans,and furtherlnforminghim that the
law o.emrs of the government had been di
rected by the Attorney-General to prosa
cute all offenders in such instance. Nego
ations are now pending at the Interior
Department with ChiOef Moses for placing
his tribe upon a reservation.
Nw YouitrDeo. SL-The new goloid
dollar whish eontamas'half the quantity of
N oUeee, b !suag
is be of the "wow membes
hone man aerof .we ti. hed e t -
New Engla%._s or is ftLutre"
ro. h They lare.et rand f future
Preibilities, t a hoa . foom such
1iScorn5, which durlug raging tide
of the last campaign Wor r tr the
politiCal surface. They as wre to lear'
the ropes and to take a few iraned les
sons from their distinguished or.
Gobright, the old veteran of titshe Associated
Press esteems it a bhighb compliment to his
great genius that for forty years he has
never known a new member to fail to as
cept his advice "to draw his pay regelar.
One can but pity the member who re
turns with a forlorn cast of coantenance,
from a constituency who forgot to give bis
an assurance of their profound respeet by
re-nominating, or re-electing biue.
Iis bursting leaves of hope. life's frest bloau,.
That promised gloryi fTme nd boo,
All nipped and withered by cold nealet.
"To be or not to be is the question'"
now disturbing the harmony between the
aentlemen of the brass buttons and civilians
Whe army is anxious that Mr. Lo should be
turned over to their care. They claim that
it will be more economical, and that the
nresence of the army will prevent out.
Lreake, while the friends of the ldisan
point to the marvelous improvement in his
condition under the Peace policy uf the last
ten years. Christians and 'hPhilanthropists
urge it as the duty of Americans whlo nave
contributed so largely to sesn the Gospel
to the Figis who now and then barbacued
a Missionary, to continue the Christianiz
ing influences of the Gospel upon these
heathen Indians at our own doors.
But a few days will elapse ere the njition
I shall have crossed the Rubicon, aud Ie
sumption will be a fixed fact. There seems
to be no man so brave as to reek to marshal
an opposition to a result so desirable and
promising so much for our future prosperi
" ty. The public sentiment of the people is
too conservative to allow any rash measures
on the part of their representatives, and
't this influence is plainly manifeet in these
opening days of the session.
Work upon the Washington Mouument
has commenced, and the sheds, tools and
derrickstadicate the work is at length to
r be prosecuted with vigor. An immense
excavation about the base of the structure
y is to be filled with cement grouting, form
Sing a complete button or rock base so
constructed as to prevent any latteral pres
r sure from the inclination of the shaft on
it either side. When finished it will be the
t highest tower in the world.
S The charm of life in this city is its mild
winters, which give strangers daily op
ji portunities to inspect the public buildings
and attend sessions of the House and Sen
P ate. Although the time for levees, recep.
tions and balls has not yet arrived, life is
n gay and full of excitement. The lovers of
n art, the most gifted writers, men and wo
a men of the highest culture, are here in
e greater numbers than ever giving promise
r of a gay and attractive season.
r The present Congress has a passi. nate
desire for intellectual elevation. Four days
•e have passed and ten resolutions have been
" adopted calling upon various Departments
r for information. In addition one out of ten
er of the members have asked for oficial data,
L to be woven into speeches to be printed,but
al not delivered, and sent by Uncle Sam to
t admiring constituents. All this informs.
tion must be furnished by clerks taken from
current business, which must be laid aside,
;s and pensioners and all others having busi
is nees before the Departments must wait till
of this Congressional thirst for knowledge is
i fully satisfied. Fax.
d+ Confirmations.
00
WAsaINGToN, Dec. 18.-The Senate con
firmed the following nominations :
Eugene Schuyler, of New York, former
ly Consul-General at Constantinople, to te
Consul at Birmingham.
G. Harris Heap, of Pennsylvanilformer
ly Consul at Tunis, to be Conaul-Generalat
nstantinople.
John L. Friabie, of Michigan, Consul at
o Grande, Brazil.
. M. Fish,of Michigan,Consulat Toois.
drew Cone, of Pennsylvania,Consul at
ambuco.
. Mosby, of Virginia, Consul at Hong
gene J. Bal of lndiana, at Pesth,
IIt ry.
lam Thom1 on,District of Columbia,
Conf#lat Soutbam ton, and John C. White,
of C aeo, Secret y of Legation, Brasil.
Tbi Senate also onfirmed all the nomi
nation received fr the President on the
5th inst. for appoi tments and promotions
in the army during the recess of Congress,
including the cadets last graduated at West
Point.
The Senate confirmed John Lowell, of
Boston, U. 8. Judge 1st Judicial Circuit;
Henry 8. Foote, Supt. of Mint,N. 0.; L. J.
Sonnor, appraisar of merchandise,NIew Or.
leans.
iRussian Bevoiuti nists.
BERLIN, Dec. 23.-kepoLts are full of a"
reappearance of the Nihili'sa spreading in
Russia and all sorts of del. onstrations are
apprehended. One is tported for Dec. 26,
the anniversary of thesutbreak on the oc
casion of Emperor Nidolas, in 1826. The
police are busy everbthere tracking con
spirators, and within L6 last week a num
ber of arrests have bln made. Quite a
raid is made against the students who-,
wanted to present a petihon to the heir ap
parent. There is alata rumor that the
Government seriously tlinks of closing ther--,
universities for this yewi
The Last ~och.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2t.-Th4 BTra'ld
Richmond, Va, special ras.: It is report
ed here and published 46 to kcal press
than an immense flssureia been discover
ed in the Blue Ridge Malitains extending
from the middle fork of e Rapidan river
to Shenandoah,a distan#f 12 to 14 miles.
It is said the cleft in the ountain is quite
wide and so deep that ca. have fallen in-..
to the opening and gonweown to utfath
omable depths in the boi of the earth..
The PostoiceI
WAsarxuToN, Dec. 1LThe $o..te
postoffice Committee, C on alone dis
senting, agreed to the .blisher's bill
classifying mail matter. I4 retains a uni
form rate of two cents per iund for news
papers, magazines and serij It includes
in this rate sample copies. 41 allows in
closures of bills, receip ts'd orders for
publication. Transient prl matter and
books are rated at one cent every two'
ounces, and merchandize fixed at one'
cent per ounce, both of ~ being the'
same as the existing ratddvertising
sheets are not admitted t. registry Yi
nrwspapers and periodicals. he law fI
regard to packages weighit over four
pounds is changed so as to' w volumes
of greater weight than this 4it to go is
the mails as heretofore. i d articles
and articles of glass, such as croscopes,
have been shut out of the . Under
the new bill they can be . d if so se
cured as to not injure the ma gs. Let- "
ter press copies and manifol es and
copies from type writers are ed to go
as transient printed matter.
The Indian Ztllint at B s Cit.
WAsarnoTOI, Dec. 10.-In s n et
John A. Wright reports to t 4mmis
sioner of Iidian Affairs. u date of
Lemht Agency, Idaho, Dec. Sd, 0 o the
night of the 1st inst. .gJo Indian iera
(hostiles), who were Ecbarge'of gent
to be onveyred fron Salmon it ort
Hall, were aptured. by a mob to
death. The aemtbasproon
aIt o sassabet of c the parti
rulet Tue pattlelpeant

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