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- .I 5 4 " S8................ 7 8 510 tv ý[ ttl[. .............. 6 8110 114 16 25 88 5 ............... 1 12 18 24 5 8 0 1. S. .... 12 15 22 30 0 70 1.10 ......... ...' "' . Ii, .5 3. O 75 100 160 S..r ...... ............. 16 i 40 : 65 70 o. 140 2 p. r,.:br advertising payable quarterly, as due. :.c'nt advertising payable in advance. l. i: Noti,' are 30 per cent "sore tkan reg. ,r t , '"rli .ine ts. ,.: Ivertitng. 15 ents `,r the first inert.oi; .,t pr line for each succeeding iosertion; n-1e in Nonparielaaeente. ,, \\k payable ont delivery. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. ATTORNEYS. A. S. HIGGINS. ATOR N EY-AT-LAW, _ANACONDA, MONT... Will practice in all the Courts of the Territory. 0. B. O'BANNON, La11 A[llt all Att1 0llc t)cor LJodge, - - Mont ana. :T. A. KELLOGG, County Surveyor, Civil Engineer and U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor, Deer Lodge, Montana. Office with O. B. OBaasna. Orders erftt veys of Mineral and Agricultealt Ut li l3~pIrli cesve prompt attention. Orders can be left with Mr. O'Bannon in my absence. 519. JOHN R. EARDLEY, NOTARY PUBLIC, CONVEYANCER. AND UNITED STATES LAND AGENT, Willow Glen P. 0. - - Montana. 8o8 IL B. DAVIS, Civil Engineer, Deputy U S, Minal Snrveyor DEER LODGE, M T. L'Orders left at the office of R. L. Davis, or addressed to meat Deer Lodge P. O. will rece ve prompt attention. 832 DAVIS 8( BENNETT, ASSAYERS, BUTTE - - - MONTANA. PRICES-Gold & Silver................... ... 60 Silver ............................ Copper............................ 0 5.'Sample- sent by uail promptly attended to C I PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. A. II. MITCHELL, M. D. GaO. C. DtUGLL, , M. D. I1TCHELL & DOUGLAS, Physicians and Surgeons, DEER LODGE. MONTANA. Prompt attention given professionall calls In town and surrounding country. OFFI(E-OPPOSITE TIlE SCOTT HOUSE. 859 JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D.., Physician and Surgeon, office- Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. D)eer Lodge, - Mont anst. D(a1e in town or country will receive prompt at tention. ,.4843 DR. H. H. WYNNE, HELENA. MONTANA, Eye, Ear and Throat Surgeon, Recently latten(,ang upon the large eye, ear and Ithrut ho.pituis of E'urope, (Vienna, Bedlin, I'ris, London, ad Edinorurgh ) I'hle eye, ear and throat a special and exclugive ipri cire. Sl:ciia'l,.. ,ciintiflcallv fitted to the eye. c',rnrrb of the nose and throat cuccessfullv treated. ,OF.l'e1--JACKSON aTREET. 859 lyr HERSERT HOLLOWAY, Veterinary Surgeon,' Ieputy Territorial Veterinary Surgeop, Havig located in Deer Lodge will promptly attend ,ae callsa for diseased stock. Refers to Phil. E. E.vans, W. B. Miller, S. E. Larabi and others. Clarges reasonable. f D ENTIST, Office Opposite the City Hotel. , DEER LODGE, MONT. BANKS ANP BANKERSl w. A. CI.AR. 5. E. LARABIE, CLARU 4 LARABIM, BAN8IHERIS DEER LODCE, M. T. .o a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on a.l the .'rinclpal Cities of tRe World. NEW YORK OCRR8EPONDENTS. hirst lNationa .Bank New York, I Y. First National Bank! II E L EN, MONTANA. Paid up Capital ...... $00.000 Surplus and Proflt8 5325,000 5. T. vL&U.ZR, - - President. .A. J. DAVIS, - Viqe-President. I W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier. '. H. KLELN5O$WXIDT, - Ass'tOiih. IPESIGNATdD 1aPOSITOTRY TED UNITED STATUE. We rucaurrci .enera Banking busineou,nd bnyat tK tet .a~ts. Gold Dusa, Coin. o!d and 8ilv.r eal 4,. ll local tecuritis: Be. Exclange had Tele t)tphic t'rausfeie. available In all parts of the United $ Ltw*r the Canadas; Grest Britain, Ireland and the : ,ltlneut. CULL-ncTioe made and proceedrremltted IroDnptlv. . Direotoras. I. T. iT . SER4 s TOHN CURTIN.. A. . IlJLtTBR, ,R. 8 RHAM LTON.i JOIIN If. ING, C.P. HIGO'NS. R. W. KNIGHT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER. B.M. PARCHBN, T. a. K•I.INSCH IDT. Sen0 DBE B 0OD i, XOJfAIA, Sam. 8cott, Proprletor. Boar lDay s0 Lss is, THE FAVORITE SALO.N PETERSOaN & COitiNIFF. I'it3 . Main & Secornd, DEER IROTECQ Thotoughly Over..led,eel a.dDelt. All DriAns sa.d r a gd , Ph. get Mti'.1washee `ig.dIf ALWAYS PLU1AID TQx 33 f* J3* .~: ..- ··~4:9.. t~tS v. ` ýý V.,O2EL ,I F B RUR ` ii886 WHL N8 VOL. 17, NO. 82. DEER LODGE,. BONI.,ANA, FEBRUARY 5, 1886. WHOLEQ NO;865. _~~ _: __ - ---- - -- - .. . . . ... . . ... ... . . . . . .. _ .... ,... THE HOUSEHOLD HISTORY. She had not one whhen she a bride Stood young and fair at father's side. For see that photol faded tho' It is and marked- long ago The baby fingers feld it, wooing The pictured face With baby cooing fl ;w smooth the oitlines must have been Where dimplos luiked in cheek and chine ::ow we who love her well may trace The household history on her face. Those creases on the forehead might Be eloquent of many a night And dreary day of heart-wrung tears, So slowly passed those four dread years, When martial notes thro' all the land Rang out, and father, with the rest, Fought for the caiuse he thought the best, Came home alive, with glory. Nayl Not glorious--he wore the gray. A stray line here d there of toil May speak of howj a stubborn soil : . i AlrA4I% l(Ied toled, I; bI' geerous gye oevery field. Then sister Bessie went "out west," The first young bird to stranger nest; And mother, smiling, made her sweet As for her happy troth was meet. Yet sad lines came, for parting will, Tho' ne'er so sweet, be sorrow stilL And those that have a trick of showing When she is serious, and going Off in smiles, right well I know Though she would never have it so Were thoughtlesa plowed by a wayward child; She says: "Why; Will was only wild Awhile, as any man will be; Where is a better son than he!" I make her say it now anon, For Will-that Will and I are one. But this about the mouth. Ah, this Will only melt when angels kiss For love the piteous seam away When one among them--little May With shining eyes and aureole hair, A lovely thing where all are fair, Will clasp her close and make forgot The graveyard gate, the grass-green plot, The little mound, with sculptured dove Its wings outspread the mound above. And so we read our household book Upon her face where still outlook Undimned and brown the eyes that shine As on that bridal morn divine. -A. M. Dunne. MAINE'S VANISHING RED MEN. A Handful Left of the Once Powerful Tarratines-The State Annuity. The handful of Indians who represent all that is left of the once powerful Tarratine tribe, who were the foes and superiors in war of the Mohawks, are now loud in their lanmentations over the death of Sockbesin Swasson, the governor of the colony on Old town island, twelve miles above Bangor. Governor Swasson dropped dead the other night, and the tribe is left without a head un til a new election can be had. These Tarratines are intermixed with the Frenoh-Canadians to a great extent, and are pretty well civilized, but for all that they are rapidly dying out, as are the Passamaqucd dys, and the day is not far distant when it will be possible to count Maine's red men on the fingers. In view of this the Maine His torical society has taken measures for the prevention of Indian relics-village sites, mounds, shell heaps, etc. The Tarratines, or Penobscots, as they :are commonly called, live by river driv ing, a faint attempt at farming, and by the manufacture of canoes, snowshoes, fancy baskets, etc. No white man can make a canoe like the Penobscot Indian; neitlct can any other Indian fashion the birch so grace fully. Their snowshoes are so good that re cently an order for 100 pairs was received from the far west. The fancy baskets go everywhere, as do the pretty bows and arrows and birch bark bric-a-brac-the like of which is not made anywhere else. The old men and squaws and the children make these wares and the sales now aniount to about $12,000 a year. The state government pays the Tarratines an annuity of about $8,000 a year, and this, with the basket money and what the young men earn river driving and hunting, supports the 390 survivors of this once powerful trib~. Their money is expended largely for- pork, molasses, tobacco, and rum, the latter com modity being obtained in Bangor, on the streets of which city may be frequently seen a rod man "over the bay." There are several elderly squaws, principal `among whom is one called "Betsy Francis," who are familiar sights here, coming down in the morningwith their burden of baskets and going back at night drunk. But the Tarratines are a great deal better people than they once were, and this is because of the watchful care and guidance of the Catholic priest and the island nunsa--Bangor Cor. New York Sun. "'Making Up" for the Stage. The next alartment c'L-tains two young, slender, smooth-faced fellows, who are to per sonate a fat Dutdh soldier and an obese Irish policeman. They sit in front of mirrors mnak ing up their faces. One gas in front of hinr a cabinet photograph of Ben Butler. He takes a piece of wax and sticking it on the end of his nose moulds it with his fingers until it as smes the proportions of that great candidate. The bladders under the eyes are made of the same material and fashioned in the same way. Then grease paint is applied to the whole face and with dr-ker Mlors all the lines and wrinkles on the fao in the portrait are repro duced onthe ani.ate mask A bald wigis then donned and the joining seam on the fore head blended with grease paint. A huge padded garmemt gives rotundity to the figure and the boy is transformed into a capital liket hess of Brutler. The methods employed -by the other are quite differenk The eyebrows and the spreag ing rosy nostrils are made of pink jewellerP' cotton, bits of which are fastened., ples with spirit gum sad then pulled and ,pinched into shape. For the rest, the press.ot paint ing and lining the face s the same, andthe .padded garmentof similar construction but more pointed and less rotund as to the abdo men.-New York World. How Steamship Compalies Are Cheated. Speaking of how ocean steamship com panies are annually defrauded, an officer of one ofthem says in an interview: "Every person who has ever crossed the Atlantic has noticed several elegantly attired gentlemen, who at times would wander haughtily among the steerage passengers, condescend to con ,verse with the intermediate people, and on'a fne days invaribly promenade the bh.r cane deck. No one knew who they were; no one had ever seen them eat anything, and the pas sengers, one and all, disussed the mystery of 'where those fellers hung out every nightr Well, these same gentlemen obtain all this *frdedom and 1- ,ury by simply buying a steerage ticket boarding during the voy age in either t_ rp 's or boatswai's room."-Exch5an A California dIver Blowa Dry. During the rece at high windstorm Link dvdir was blown almost entirely dry, sa much so that men and boys walkea'l across the bed of the river picking up dah by the hundred. As this statement may be doubted by some exchanges we will explain by stating that the river has numerous falls and the win kept the` water from Sowing from utpper Klamanth uIke ihlsb t.si sew we ke cold esaothek up above the Sal ;- orlrals Pam. • - " ..-t Labowsebere a, ieb fem. 'Tnbe is no ca in the contry so ~ nw4WiWmsi end so -sews a o rich aim They .aml s »t:the wased is creisted~ a and that the ase-s ateim ote ~~osi~gI pe to aareblet il atavs havei and to bta : whit ll wbat I ls lthe s :dh7 ahaiii sbE± des ate :- o·is 1J ~··~ THE AMERICAN OPERA. ITS AUSPICIOUS OPENING AT THE ACADEMY IN NEW YORK. "The Taming of the Shrew ".A Goodly Company and a Fine Audience. The Chief Figures in the Company. Nxw YORK, Jan. 1S-America has its own opera at last. The eagle has beens taught to sing as melodiously as any foreign bird that ever wore feathers At last, after years of homage to Italy and Germany, we are on our own feet in the matter of music, and can stand without wobbling. We can produce the emotional lyric dramas with our own talent and in our own tongue, and do it welL We can go to the, o ra without lying. ln -We aee ai appreciate The simplest of us= can fit the words to the sound-a tremendous gain; surely. The opening of this heretofore intact seal occurred at the Academy of Music on Mon day night, the 4th inst. It was an event of great magnitude and very bad weather. Nobody minded the rain, however, for the old academy was filled with the most imn portant human material the city could produce. This new departure is the work of a wo man, or women-several having assisted in the great work, Mrs. F. B. Thurber taking the lead. The project of American opera is her own. Mrs. William S. Blodgett, Mrs. August Belmont, Mrs. Richard' Irvin, Mrs. Thomas W. Ward and others have helped bring the enterprise to its present status. Mrs. Thurber's work in musical \ circles has been something extraor dinary, and until V recently has not )) been known to that presumably all-see Sing beast, the pub lic. She has a large and independent in come, a great part of which she de votes to the prac ..RE tical , encourage THEODORE THOMAS. ment of musical projects. In addition to this she generously gives her time and efforts, frequently, it is said, taking upon herself the thankless task of management. It is also said that she fur nished the capital for several stiusical cam paign-,'in which Theodore Thomas has been the chief figure and Charles E. Locke sec ond. She employs two secretaries to attend to the correspondence and other affairs which are the natural outgrowth of the important musical affairs in which she is interested. During the musical seasons she is constantly importuned by the strugglers in the mu sical field-singers or' would-be singers, pianists, violinists, artists of much ehergy and poor luck-to lend her influence in pro curing engagements, and sometimes to opet her purse, for the wolf of hunger roams un checked in Bohemia. She receives these callers, one at a time, in a back parlor de voted to business The front parlor contin ually overflows with waiting applicants. It is not generally known that Theodora Thomas' tour' with the Wagner singers, Materna, Winkelmann and Scaria origi nated with her. ,She is the wife of the well-known anti-monopolist. But to the open ing. As I said be fore. everybody was there, every body who had dia monds and other operatic accessor ies, for what wo man can appreciate opera with covered shoulders, and what man could en- CHAR joy it in anything taaager. but the severest evening dress? So successful was this open ing that the applause began with the rising of the curtain, and ended not until the going down thereof Theodore Thomas was the conductor, of course. Who else could have done it? And he was so well pleased with the performance that, at its 'close, smiles chased each other over his face like streaks of sunshine in cloudland, and this wasn't his first experience in conducting opera, either. Look at him in the picture and see if he isn't as handsome and youthful as ever. The Sun, of this city, Says what all lovers of honest, home-brewed music will indorse in these words: 'In the hundreds of concerts which he his given, and which have reached from the At lantic to the Pacific., Thomas has cultivated in thousands of Americans the love of music of a high class, and has done much for the musical education of the people. He has un dertaken now to provide the talent of Ameri cast boys and girls with the sunshine of en couragemenht which it needs to develop in, and if he carries out the plan it willbe a prouder work than anythingl that be has done before. By and by, when we have Pattis of our own sending their voices up out of sight, and bassos with double base meat and cellar voicesa this picture will be graven in the hearts of proud mothers, and hung instead of the bless-our-home mottoes in the happy hon.m of genius all over the land" airrwmax aBI. . Herman Goetz's "Tsming of the Shrew," was given. Mudians know it as occupying for a dozen years a favorite and °dis.in guished place in the repertoire of German opera houses; but heretofore It has been un known to the dwellerson this conteimnt. It was first produced at Manhelm, in 1874. Its composer died in 1874, without having en joyed the fruition of his work. His sym phony in F has made him known to this oountry. "The Tapinyg of the Shrew" is an adapta tio of Shakespeare's play of the ame name. Playgoes are farmiliar with It through an abridgement entltld "Katherln and Nltru hia." The plot is anantpz ee, foundedm on medievarl notims of woimanood and wooing. The goveringt prialphis foenad hi the.-ed saw, "If you want a dug er a anes to like yesa eat him -oI her'. fat slne and! Pfitgac are o.' ta. i 'n a rich gent lnan of P ntuame baaraIdhptlsf& Ranhc&-s of the canventional attean aof well behaved. ohellent and insipid yoag wanoen, bat KIaL ine hs trya. tacentio and BHortemel4, two po a ngumnitlemen, love Blanca, bt he wt r declares that she shalt not sie yu''aid har elder asster is rovided with a BlbsiSD the loves a"e rea tlrtmt oat at tin ataveatrs turat ot About this time Puiruchie with great weelth and a ,w' l ata i a tamg na d Me& omsteb H. Rais*ed. ofbribi* · .twisek btgo ardramis eeler thtsd ) - - ®R 4'-~ ana Lueentio ii the successful suitor. Petlt chio dalares his intention of proposictid Katherine. Her father gives his co but the tug of war is in getting Kather0se'I consent. She is furious at his presumption, but he refuses to accept his dinmissal, .pd obstinately declares that he has been do' cepted, and fixes the wedding day. IE4 keeps her waiting on the bridal morning arrives late, indifferently clad, marries llt . and hustles her away before the weddi festivities have scarcely begun. "'He sube quently breaks her temper and wins affection," as one critic expresses it, extraordinary things to do certainly, - all things are possible in opera, w frequently distinguishes itself by getting$ far from nature as fiction can go. ANNIHILATING A MUSICIAN. The days preceding the wooing of the fiery Katherine were exciting ones for her attend ants. She fairly annihilates a maid who is dressing her hair, and brings a music teacher to grief. The picture. "Between B!asts," gives an idea of Miss Katherine enjoying a li 1 between the blasts of temper; another, entitled "Annihilating a Musician," repre sents a resultof her displeasure. "The Shrew Brought to Terms" depicts a scene in the process of "tamipg." The ballet was exceptionally fine; largely American, too. It danced into the hearts of the people at once to the music of Ruben stein's "Bal Costume." A large number of the coryphees, the premieres and the secundas are from Italy. Twelve are of the Ameri can school, some of whom are in the first line, and the thirty-six figurantes are Ameri can-. It has Leen asserted that American genius has no leaning toward the ballet. it has had no endouragement. The princi p ls. with but few exceptions, in this ballet are natives. And as for the chorus, it was an improve ment on the imported article. It consisted of fresh voices and fresh faces, and every member of it was as elegantly attired as the principal singers. Let us hope that the ugly, frayed and ragged choristers of sunny Italy will eventually be banished from the stage entirely. THE SHREW BROUGHT TO TRMS. The principals of the American Opera wsmpany are the products of a dozen states dme. L'Allemand, a leading :oprano, was trn in Syracuse, this state. She wa5 sever heard in this country nutil the open ng night of the opera, wLen she appeared ti Katherine. She studied in Paris, Dres ien and Stuttgart, and has been one of the )rominent colorature singers of Europe Miss Helene Hastreiter, also a leading so lrano, is a native of Louisville. Mr. i heo fore Thomas is considered an American, if he did make t .e mistake of not being born on native soil. Kate Bensberg, soprano, who played in the role of Bianca, is a native of St. Louis. and has been five years ao student in Germany. Alonzo E. Sted dard, who sang Hortensio, is a baritone from Mas sachusetts. W. H. Fessenden, tenor, - the Lueentio, is from Buffalo, and was. graduated at" Dartmouth college. Heused tobeinthe Kellogg concert company. W. H. KAT BESIR, Lee (Petruchio) il Spa. BEWBB a New Yorker, not vet 2. years old. yet 21 years old, and has 1 een before the public as a singer ten years He i. a baritone. high, and ;hou.do take the chromo for perfect enuncia tion. Miss Emma Juch is almo.t an Amer ican. She was born in Vienna on the 4th of July-not this year, I.ke Galata a-but not a treat whi.e ago. Annie Montague, soprano, is a Balt.morean. She ha; been with the Kellogg company, and with Strakosch in° Italian opera. Charlotte Walker and Min nie Dilthea are both Americana Jessie Bartlett Davis, first contralto, is an Amer;can. The other contrialtos are Helen Dudley Can pbe.l, Esther Jacobs, Mathilde Muel~4nbach and Mathilde Phillips.. Wil. .liam Cand;dus, leading tenor, is a Philadel phian, who has fought in the war and sung abroad. Charles Turner, tenor, isn't an American, but be has done some powerful vocalizing on oAmerican soil. Chailes U' Thompson and Albert I aulet are among the tenors George Fox, baritor, is Englisa but he is notto blame for It. He has hal both operatio and dramatic experience abroad, and is a composer. Everybody knows Myron W. Whitney, great in oratorio, a basso that makes the earth tremble. He began life in Massea chusetts. He be lieves firmly in the continued succeess and growth of American opera. , He attained his : proficiency in ore torio in London. He has traveled with the Thomas orchestra, sung with the Boston Ideal company dand at all the festf- BxM.l nasra irNa, vahl east and wehpt "bints Sop5)o. John. Gilbert (basso), csoeciated with Mr. Whitney, is a jotdnalist as well as a singer, al.d -an American. He has been with the Eamat Abbott English Opera company. The American Opern company is not synonymaous with the Amert an School of Opera, recently started in thiscity, though Theodoet Thomas is at the head of tote. The orgtr sations are distinct, but occupy common .' iind in the. effort to educate Anerleaemita musical wva t bhe opera co.m .payr will give oppor.un :les to nupihtlof the school, as they are prepared for work frop time to time. Oib oirhc lts 'The noble motive which setnheied hitsb bing or this operati renture. as neell as Sthe econmse ment+ o of ar shop .ichis •oW esy the germs, ::'lo * ahy to 41 11 *4t` ficient in any quality necessary to the de velopment of. a very high class of art mani festations. We are sensitive imaginative, inventive. ambitious, persevering acute, and ihere is little reason to doubt that in future days this country will be the peer of any in the creation of musical works of lasting fame. As for executive ability, no nation is more gifted, either in voice or in general musical talent, than we. as is constantly being more clearly shown." Yes, we are at last beginning to realize that our blessed mother tongue is good enough to sing, as iwell as talk and write in, and that a performance need not lack in ar tistic effect in consequence of the words be ing English. Another critic says: "Foreign prima donnas have ruled us at the rate of $100,000 a year, and custom has chained us down to, yelling 'Brava' at things we don't under here is a strong belief that American opera will be auecesstfL That in some re spects it-is superior to the Italian brand goes without saying. The chorus, particularly, is a step upward, and a big one. Again, it has another strong hold on the good will of the people. It Is a new and promising Ameri can industry. It opens, the way for hundreds, perhaps thousands, of eager hands, as well as / finished throats, to exercise themselves with hope of re ward. It develops specialists in many lines of work. and suggests possibili ties of stupendous MYRON W. WHITNEY, successes in the fu- First Basso. ture. The costumes are to be prepared. This requires archaelogical lore and artistic sense, as well as good, reliable, old-fashioned industry. The opera of "Lohengrin" alone requires 900 costumes. Scenic skill is needed, and numerous aids not visible to the naked eye will have a field in which to exercise their talents. All in all, this new-born child of American enterprise and talent has the good wishes of its kin folk, and will doubtless have their substan tial assistance in the future. A. J. BOTHWELL A CITY ON THE WATER. It Dissolves in Sninmer. But Is Hailt Anew Every Winter. It will perhaps be news to our readers to learn that there is near by a new city, one which is migratory and comes and goes with the swallowa This may seem strange and striking, but it is nevertheless true. In all this city there is only one trade-one pro fession, if it may be so called. Strangest of all to relate, this city forms no integral por tion of any domain. It is a fleeting but permanent reality. At ever-recurring sea sons it dissolves of its own volition and wanders in sections from state to state, coming together again at stated periods and resuming the functions of a well governed and civilized community, and, incredible as it may seem, the marvelous city is within a stone's throw of New York. It is bounded by Brooklyn on the east, by Manhattan Island on the west, and its foundations are continuously washed by the waters of the East river. Indeed, it is upon the water, anid its precise location is in the Erie basin, and its title is Canalboat City. Every winter, when old King Boreas pays his chilling visits to s, the novel city forms. All the canalboats which ply upon the Hud son and the intermediate waters during the spring and summer lie up for the winter in the Erie basin. Not less than 1,200 canal boats compose this community, and on these wooden hills 4,000 people live throughout the season. All the necessaries of life they have among themselves. The massive hulks are trans formed into business marta Gr(ocers' ships and liquor saloons, and even barbers' shops rise up where cojl and ltmber find a home during the season of transportation. The people live wholly among themselves. They are transformed for the time being into a business community. The cabin of one boat is brought into use as a billiard and pool room, while in another a tailor's shop pre vails. Then in the hold of another there is a miniature coal and wool yard, while sev eral of the boats bear signs that washing and ironing are done. A pretentious cigar and tobacco shop is a feature of this city also, and brings in a handsome revenue to its owner. By the means enumerated, the inhabit ants of this community are enabled to reap a considerable incoma Many of the able bodied men work along the shore when the weather permits. Net a single case of out lawry, assault or larceny has ever occurred. Whatever little disputes happen are settlel among themselves. It might readily be thought that drunkennees would previrail, but this is not the case. The men, as a class, are sober and industrious Their wives and families live with them through all seasons of the year, and know naught of the pleas ures or wickednes of city lif'. In t e sp:-ing, summeroand autumnm mnthl; the mnu earn a comfortable living pursein; their ocupa-. tion as boatmen. The busina.ss is, all things considered, lucrative. They have no rent to pay. It coste little for clothing for them selves and families, and they are accord ingly enabled to save much money. Some of tse boatmen ply a lucrative business by letting out small boats during the winter months to fishing parties--Nev York Mail and Expreg. A Marked Expression of Gratitude. While the Philadelphia cricket team was in London, F. E. Brewster and D. P. Stoever distinguished themselves by courageously stopping a runaway horse on Regent street: The carriage, contain ing two ladies, had been run into by a stupid hansom, the collision throwing the coachman from his seat and starting the.horse along the crowed thoroughfare at a hot gallop. Brewster was consider ably mussed up by his heroic 6fforts, but, lifting his hat to the fair occupants he . had resened, he spked if they had been injured, "Not at all, thank you," was the chirpy response. "Can we do any thing further for yo?." inquired Stoeyer. "Yes! Won'tyou please run beck and get the numbei of that hansom?" said the prettierof the two young women. "I'll teach him how to drive a horne," she con tinned, shaking her'hand in the direction of their late perilous dash. The two Americans hurriedly brushed their sailed clothes and started toward their hotel, deeply impressed ifth suok a marked expression of gratitude.-Philadelphia Press. What 1 ehplhia leetrician Claims. A prominent electrician of Philadelphia as received letters ptent for an invention whieh says will revolutionize the mail, . '.adtelephomic systems now ti ua ja liels termed an ele.tio-pms - atie treasts, and is deigned to earry let. tarandpaskgssfrom city to city at a rate of nine mes a minute. The tbe will be of itam,; ineseid n froan, through whick a daiso tting mstlie carriages-eo tafing thsetiails will be proiestedby volueasof compresed asir. Intermediate cities a. l to;ki wll have tubes cmmncting with tihe, malntete, ai4t his dmadnri a tioa the nar riage will be i der ib cdst e . the esr etar at tes diek is, who awituaniplate the yitcbhes byul* etrlcty; w. thus be es, IB er .Ia 0ewepm u eSa. -y. "Ds }idres," -smid thsneatuebe, 'to. iiiEgbit i r sps .*.haut snpoa e+ ar ba& ·Wdn 'ý a -t ae'! I` Vi s.i ~OIY~;JI~~7 7r8~ Y F'~c'·f3f~~ THE UND}RAPED MODEL WHAT CHICAGO ARTISTS HAVE TO SAY OF THE NUDE IN ART.. The English Controversy-A Hindrsce" to Amateurs-Families of Models is Europe-All Sorts of Specialties -A Sculptor's Opinion. Social circles in England have been greatly disturbed of late over a resurrection of that ancient sensation regarding the immoral characters of artists' models and the per nicious influence which they are supposed to exercise upon society in general and upon art students in particular. Probably more irrelevant matter has beien written upon this subject by petsois wholly incompetent to touch it than upon any other topic in the whole gamut of questions and debatable points included under the terms of literature and art. In a general conversation on this subject Mr. L C. Earle, of Chicago, said that the drawing of the female figure by amateurs was rather detrimental than otherwise to their progress, because there was so spuch more to draw from in the male figure. "I have known many models," continued Mr. Earle, "of good character who thought nothing of sitting, but I have frequently seen women of bad character who would re fuse to sit. As a rule, the life classin Munich meets every night, and there are from 100 to 150 students drawing from the same model When the pose is particularly good the boys are filled with enthusiasm. They forget all about it being a nude figure, and they don't think any more of it than if they would if they were looking at a wooden Indian on the street. AT HOME AND ABROAD. "Here in Chicago so few artists paint the figure that it is almost impossible to procure a model. In Paris and all over Europe there are families of models who take great pains to keep their figures in good shape by bathing and exercise. As a rule the Euro pean models are noted for excellence in some particular feature-head, arm, or bnst -but a model who has a satisfactory figure throughout is a very rare thing. "In the costumed life class in Rome, where there there are over 300 students who paint in water colors, they have models who can pose for two consecutive hours without a rest. Of course the longer they can pose the better models they are. So long a pose isn't neces sarp for a nude study, but in painting drap ery, or a satin dress for instance, it is ex ceedingly advantageous. The muscles of these models who are capable of such pro longed poses frequently become so set that they are unable to step from the platform for some minutes after a pose. "The models in the old country have all sorts of specialties. Some of them are called "christs," because of the shape of their heads. I remember a man who started pos ing as a boy and at last when he was 80' years old and had lost his hair and had be come puffed with wine he was used as a model for a monk, and he made a capital one, too. The poor classes of Italy can earn more by sitting as models than by doing any other class of work." Mr. H. F. Spread thought that the ques tion of painting from the nude depended somewhat on the career that the, artist had marked out for himself. If he intended to follow landscape painting a study of the nude was not. necessarily indispensable, but if he purposed to become an artist in the figure line he could never becomera thor ougly good painter without studying from the nude model. THE PERFECTION OF ART. "My reason for thinking so," said Mr. Spread, "is that the perfection of art is the suggestiveness with which the artist inter prets nature, and you can't treat a thing in a suggestive way unless you are perfectly acquainted with all the details of the object th't yop want to treat. I do not know of anything in which this holds good so well as in the figure. We all know how the move ment of the half an inch one way or another will give expression to a different thought. In the same way it is necessary for an artist to know the possibilities of any movement of the figure in order to enable him. to see whether any giveh pose is really a possible one or not. For fhat reason artists are obliged to suggest, even in a draped figure, more oftentimes of the real form than the drapery over it will admit of their seeing, knowing that the subtlest change in that pose will give a different impression of the mental action of the figure. "So far as the moral phase of the question s concerned, I have worked froni boyhood in Europe in various nude life classes, and I have never discovered any tendency to im morality of any kind." SMr. Howard Kretechmar, the sculptor, said that it was impossible to study art without nature as it would be to study sur gery without anatomy. There was more drawing in the male figure, it was grander and stronger than the female figure, and it was considered by artists as a better study. No sculptor, however, would be fitted to pre lent a Venus or a female figure in the nude without a study of it any more than he would be able to draw the male figure from a study of a female model. We dan't giraw a form that we don't understand Everything de pends upon the way in which the artist treats his subjects.. I have seen studies- in the academy that were almost revolting and others that were beautiful--the difference was simnlply a difference of treatment.-Chi ocago News. Using an Adaptable Old Story. There is no more useful article in this world than an adaptable old story. Lowell says that the first point that the good after dinner speaker sees to is his anecdote. First catch your story and Fee that it is a suitable one There are oa number of New York conespondents who make a living out of the adaptable story. Whenever a noted man dies these enterprising fellows adapt the stories in stock to him and the adapted yarns go the rounds. I saw a while ago that Josh Billings once agreed with a party not to laugh at any bf ° the jokes a rival-wit got off on a certain evening. The rival wit felt very bd. Then I saw one time that John McCul lough was in Washington and went to a din ner where Barney Williams was to be aml they agreed to laugh at nothing Barney said, and they didn't, much to Barney's di.s comfork Then it seems that Vanderbilt wet not as devoid of humor as many sup posed. Once he dined with Jim Scott and they made up that they would never laugh at one of Sco's stories, and Jim felt so mad that he went out and told his best stories to a board tence, and thus the round goa. Pro Tem. Preeldents of the lesate. As an iadicxtlen of how often it has hap pined that at an important time, elther ow i nlg ttol death of a p ent or vice presi dent,a presidentpro tampor hasaa presided over the a te, it may he mn4rimed that in forty yemra-that is, since the ebewtral votres wre cm ted for Polk and Danls in Fey,, 180.-ai~ setaa vicep resi" h. presidediduri u thu lu~ of tbe voses finr ps-idena and vice prondent in the pres ece of the two hoe : of onugre but four times-ain 188, whep-Joem C( BrwieekiJadge was vim' mraddeat; l Iia, whin Heanibal °Hawlln held that _ofce; in 1873, when S&hnylss Ciatax hld' It. and i 1881, whep Will A Wbahe2 held It In 1840,1853, 185g, 18e, 1tl7 aid t11 a presidant pro tempera of the asnt opened the certiscates of the ,dItes, eQ, s d Anow seesmsLasvit bibl t mstlusmewil be th. can in i888 The; A ithyE lptlta of Trseatse Tb Eqaeih . tOautoe i No wse a1 aps etele1 -Sh aiam - -t j d u erM " NOTHING LIKE LEATHER. WHAT A REPORTER SAW IN A SHOE SHOP IN LYNN. The Process of Making Shoes from the Haw 2-aterial-Machinery Called in to Aid Labor--Triumph of Human Skill. Having given a general outlin, of thema terial used and whore it is olt .ined the proprietor invited the reporter to aecompany him to the basement,, where the several dozen men were turning big yellow sheets of leather into leather soles for ladies' shoes. One man cut the leather up into strips as wide as theshoes iLsto be long, end these strips were taken by another man and run into a machine that rose and fell in response to the w~orkman's will, and each blow cut out a perfect sole. The knife that did this was sharp, and worked up and down like a doughnut cutter in the hands of a pastry cook. The soles were passed from here to the "dinker," whose duty it is to place them in a metal mould, shaped and curved with shoe-like symmetry, and press them. When they come out the instep is arched, and the edges of the sole turned up the way they ap pear in the shoes offered for sale. Fromthe dinking machine the now well formed sole goes to the bench where it is "channelled," a process which consists in turning up a slice of leather on the bottom and near the edges of the sole, so the stitches that hold it to the "uppers" will not be ex posed to the wear of walking. The sewing is done along these channels, and after that the leather that has been raised up is turned back and cemented, covering up every trace of stitching. PUTTING ON A "VEKEER" SOLE. At other benches were men with big metal mallets and steel dies, cutting out the heels by hand. The heel of a lady's shoe is small, and can be cut from sole leather shreds that can not be used for any other' purllose. Most all the heels are worked up out of this kind of leather, and though the cutting could be done easily by machinery, it is found to be cheaper to do it by hand. "You see that sole, do you?" aked a wort min, holding up one all ready to be attached to the uppers. "Well, that is what we call 'veneer' sole, because it is not what it seems to be It is all leather every bit of it-and the outside or bottom is good stock cut out of a side, but the top, or part that comes next to the foot, is veneer. See, there is where it is joined to the leather." The reporter looked and saw a faint streak or line of junction, looking like a piece of ham between two slices of bread in a res taurant sandwich. The under part was genuinb leather, all of a color and all of a texture; the upper was slightly darker and had a marbled appearance, suggestive of Castile soap or Roxbury pudding stone The uppers are cut by hand. This is to ensure having good stock, free from flaws and' imperfections. If they were cut by machinery many pieces of leather having holes and rough places would bhe used. Now the skilled workmen can cut around these imperfections by hand and economise a great deal of stock that would otherwise be wasted. They stand at benches knife in hand and cut out the different parts by zinc patterns placed on the leather. Froic the cutters the soft dark uppers are -taken to the sewing-room, where lqng rows of girls sit by their huzpming machines, sewing up seams, binding, lining, working buttonholes and performing all the work necessary to complete the uppers. Every girl has a part assigned to her, and whea she has performed her part the piece is passed to another and another until it is done. The limp flat strips of leather are brought in at one end of the sewing-rooms, and when they go out at othe other they are all sewed, stitched and lined, the holes are worked, the buttons are put on and the up pers are ready to be soled. WITH A MOUTH FULL OP TACKS. Fifteen or twenty young men stood in a long,, well-lighted room beside benches, busily engaged over shoes in the process of completion. In front of each one was en upright shaft of iron aboat. eighteen inches high.' On top of this was a horizontal at tachment hung on hinges, so as to be turned up or down and held An place by springs working in slots that could be adjusted to place the top piece at any angle required. On these horizontal pieces wooden lasts were placed and the uppers hauled on over the lasts. Then, with a pair of steel pincers, having curved, flat points, the "uppers" were hauled tightly over the lasts, making a smooth and "perfect fit" This done, the workman took a tin can. containing small tacks and emptied a portion of its contents into his mouth. Having filled his mouth with tacks, the workman proceeded to take them ott one' by one and drive them into the leather, holding it firmly in place. The sewing on of the soles is a very simple process. The shoe is placed 'sole up in a big machine, a stout man puts ils foot on a brake and turns his shoe and the stout needlegoes clattering through the thick leather as easily as a lady can hem a cam bric handkerchief. When heotakes the shoe out the black "bights" of the thread can be seen gleaming down in the channels made by that man in the basement, and following on the dizzy edge of the delicately-curved ole as it it dared not goinanyother place. When the sewing machine has done with the shoes they are passed over to a man, who inoistens the ehanels with cement and then pises the doles .through a machine that turns the raised furrows 61 leather down into the channel and prese It upon the uemnent soid. GIVING 16» WNISHJ5E O TO0UC When the shoe is made up to this point the trimming of the sole comes in, a job Which is done by a machine operated by a man. The sarp knife follows along within a third of an inch of the rwing, never get. ting nearer and never going further. When done the whole line as smooth and regular. The putting on of the ,heels is done by hand. A majority of the heels are made of the leather "shoddy:" with only one layer of the genuine leather on the outsidq. When the heels Are in i~ an nailed they are pared by machinery. After this a liquid black-dye is rubbed over the yellow edges. As soon as this is dbe the edges are polished by a machine that holds them up against revolving discs of cast ron, that are ept heated to a certain degree by gas jets burning inside.a 4 boot heel that has been polished in this manner will stand a great deal of welting and rough usage be tfee losing its lustre.a 8adpapering the soles so they will be smodh is another beau tfying proceass that i. applied Thils done by a revolving face do emery, that can be tuined so as to fit all partef the surfacn One of th last "touhes" s painting the diverging uprays on inuers of black or broes that are on the soles, beginning near the heel and diverging .en. ltha reach the bafllofte too This isputn by a brah in the heads of , sh~itr pla er, wiso ,mnkes th. ase Lmnes with his bash as seily and r3enly as seashees;eawhitaia pine sr-v in. The last thisg bIes going dowan atunesIs tit sl whidi is dead by ab A Thanksgiving Daller all.Med.. IaStope Beaceal Much bilarty was occasioned at a Thanks giving dinner party by the cook serving the turkey with paper ruiei around its legs and another of be proportions roand the long neck, on which she had fastened an improvised head, composed of vegetables There was arlso A "button-hole" bouquet of parsiy se a` rtlend "catva ed' in beta The galn snltsmmas's enetb was drunk in eom "eantre dry," of which the cook dly .rpvked tar earm in the kitchens .kilwt Passage .f the CanaL I, ert', =trp. bgse bees piraitted to. to~s Athriaisk; ýQ ý tiisd nss)ý TERMS-INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. One .eur.......................... ........ $4 . I4t Month.'.... ................. ... ....... ('4* Thre Months ........................... . ....I Lvu Whennot psid in advance therale will be Fi e Loi.tas per year. NEWiF PI PER DECISIONIb. 1. Any one who takes a paper reunlarly I e tn, t h L'oetadce-whether directed to his name or another's or whetherhe has subscribed or notr-is responsible for tie pavmmt. . It a personorders his paper discontinued, be most pay allafrearares, or the pablislier will con tinue to send it until payment Is made and collect the whole amount, whether thepaper is taken from th office ornot. 3. Thecourtahavedecided that relusint to take thenewspapersor perodicals from the?otoffce, ox ,Wpm.viead oting them uncalled for, is prima fact evidence of intentionslfraud. Pape!odered to any address can be' cangcd to another eddressat the option of the subscriber. Remittances by drtft, check, money order, or reels. ter.-d letter, may tesentL t our rifB. All PoetmaEterf are required toreiester )ttuerson.applration, ABE AND THE SHERIFF. The Diplomacy Neeesaary to Serving a Warranot oa Lost Mountain. On one occasion, shortly after the war, Abe had gone to the little county town on buriness, and had been vexed into laying rough hands on one of the prominent citizens who was a trifle under the influence of liquor. A warrant was issued, and Dave McLendon, the sheriff of the town, a stumpy little man, whose boldness and prudence made him the terror of criminals, was sent to serve it Abe, who was on the lookout for some such visitation, saw him coming and prepared himself. He stood in the doorway, with his rifle flung carelessly across his left arm. "Hold on thar, Dave!" he cried, as the latter came up. The sheriff, knowing his man, halted. ."I hate to fling away my manners, Dave." he went on, "but folks is gittin' to be. mighty funny these days A man's obleeged to s'arch his best frien's 'fore he kin find out the'r which-aways Dave; what sort of a dockyment is you got eg'in' met" "I got a warrant, Abe," said the sheriff pleasantly. "Well, Dave, hit won't fetch me," said Abe. "Oh! yes," said the sheriff. "Yes it will, Abe. o I bin a-usin' these kind or warrants a mighty long time, an' they fetches a feller every whack." "Now, I'll tell you what, Dave, "said Abe, patting his rifle; "I got a dockyment here that'll fetch you a blame sight quicker'n your dockyment'll fetch me; an' I tell you right now, plain an' flat, I hain't a gwine to be drug aroun' an' slapped in jail." The sheriff leaned carelessly against the rail fence in the attitude of a man who is willing to argue an interesting question. "Well, I tell you how I feel about it, Abe," said the sheriff, speaking very slowly. "You kin shoot me, but you can't shoot the law. Bang away at me, an' ther's another warrant after you. This yer one what I'm already got don't amount to shucks, so you better fling on your coat, saddle your horse, an' go right along wi' me thee ez neighborly ez you please." "Dave," said Abe, "if you come in at that gate you or a goner." "Well, Abe," the sheriff replied, "I 'lowed you'd kick. I know what human natur' on these hills is, an' so I thes axed some or the boys to come along. They er right down thar in the holler. They hain't got no mo' idea what I come fern'n the man in the moon. yit they'd make a mighty peart posse. Tooby shore, a great big -nan like you ain't afeared ter face a little bit er law." Abe Hightower hesitat-2d a moment and then went into the house. In a few minutes he issued forth and wont out to the gat3 where the sheriff was. The faces of the two men were a study. Neither betrayed any emotion nor alluded to the warrant. The sheriff asked after the "crap," and Abe told him it was "middlin' peart," and asked him to go into the house and make himself at home until the horse could be saddled. After a whils the two rode away. Once during the ride Abe said: "I'm mighty glad it wa'n't that feller what run ag'n you last fall, Dave." "Why?" asked the sheriff. "Bekase I'd.a plugged him, certain an' shore,'J said Abe. "Well," raid the sheriff, laughing, "I wuz a-wielhin' mighty hard thees about tt&st time tiemt. the t'other feller had got 'lected." --J, t4 L .aadler Harris in The Century. THE FARMER TELLS HIS WIFE About His Experiene. in Trying to Mnap It on a Sleeping-Car. "Yes, I slept well enough when the cars were moving, but we got into the depot from St. Paul at 3 a. m. and when the car stopped I woke up. I 'wanted to sleep till morning, as the car stopped there, and so I rolled over to go to sleep. It was just as quiet as death around the depot, until a switch engine, began to monkey around switching cars. Did you ever try to sleep when an old cow with a bell on was browsing around in the, street, or in a garden? Then you know. hbw it is. That switch engine would be 'heard away up In the yard half a mile away, ringing her bell like a cownibbling a. cabbage, then she would work up nearer, and I could hear her 'chew chew,' and snort as though she had swallowed a turnip and got choked. Then she would hitch on to a car or two, and move away. "I would get a little nearer asleep, when she would come back slowly, then stop and blow her whistle, as a cow would bellow, and I couldn't get it out of my mind that it was a cow. I found myself dreaming about going down into the pas ure barefooted, to dfive up a drove of locomotives to be milked. I had them surrounded, and their cow-catchers all pointed toward the cow-yard on the old farm, and they would stick their heads out side'ways to nibble grass, and I would 'yell at them, ant one old ugly locomotive with one horn would turn and run into a -ibrindle locomotive and she would run away off in the woods, and I would have to go after her. When I had got her back 'into the road, all the rest of the locomo tives were acting up, one pawing the ground and. bellowing, another running her horn into the ground and throwing dirt over her back, while others were rearing up and hooking, and acting just like a lot of cattle. "The only one that had sense was the old 'bell locomotive,' and she started right along towards the house as soon as I came out of the woods, and the rest re luctantly followed. It was hard work to get the whole drove of locomotives through the gate of the old barnyard, in my sleep, because some would block the way of others, but finally the hired man began to set out pails of slops and bran mash, and the locomotive with the bell on ran its cow-catcher clear down, into the bran mash, and then the hired girls came out with milk pails and stools and told the locomotives to 'hoist,' and then they sat down right by the tender and pretty soon I heard the milk from the locomotives streaming into the tin pails, and the girls said 'so, boss,' and I went to sleep. Say, pass them pancakes." Peck's bun. Boyhood of Wagner, the Composer. Geyer, Wagner's stepfather, wanted to make young Wagner a painter; but the 'boy was very awkward at drawing. He sayi: "I had learned to playj'Ueb immer Treu and Redlichkeit' and the 'Jungfern 'krans' (Freisehuts), which' was then quite new. The day before his death (Sept. 80, 181) I had to play these to iGeyer In an adjoining room, and I heard him faintly saying to my mother, 'Do you think he might have a gift for music?"' " A the age of 14 Wagner secretly begap to write a grand tragedy. it was made up of "Hamlet" and "Lear", forty-two men died, sad some of them had to return as ghosts to keep the fifth tact going.-New York Sun. The Oratitade of Eaglbk Operative. In St. Giles' house, the ancestral home of the earl of Shaftesbury, there isa monument to which thelate ownercould hardly poait withoiiut emotion. This is a large bust of the earl, "Presented to -Emlly, wife of the seranth earl of Shaiflpbtiyri, by the operatives of the n Qannactaunag districts of the aorh of kag1atg, hasa token of their estgm and regard for the presetinga and sueseestful f*ortd eLter nouiLeb U diuad pmmnting iby legi tive es.et' a lIitaton of the houn aot selýor of cden, females 'and yoios e odsein iied; min; sand s.... ass-ememedat ion IF-pka' An