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The new North-west. [volume] (Deer Lodge, Mont.) 1869-1897, February 19, 1886, Image 1

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RATES OF ADV.RTISING.
,' ........ I... ... >t {s 5 10 8 110 125 i
4 8" i.... .... 4, 112 14 201 83 48
V.!uiitli...... 5 8 10 14 16 25 8 s55
9 12 15 2230 50 70l10
16 12;40.55 70 90140250
r,..p lar nIvertising payable quarterly, as due
S ,i'nlt advertising payable in advance.
-, Nati,,eý are 50 per cent wore than reg.
lverti.cments.
a .I vi'.rtising. 15 cents .,r the first insertion;
,, ats per line for each succeeding lnsertion;
l o. 1 d.(l i Nonparlel measure
; , Iw. : pa.I ble on delivery.
PROFESSIONAL CARDS.
ATTORNEYS.
A. S. HIGGINS.
AT(O) IRN EY-AT-LAW,
_ANACONDA, MONT.-
Will practice in all the Courts of the Territory.
718
O. B. O'BANNON,
Lanid gent anl ittornly
D)eer Lodgee, - - Monlana.
-0--
G. A. KELLOGG,
County Surveyor, Civil Engineer and
U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor,
Deer Lodge, - - Mtontana.
Office with O. B. O'Bannon. Orders for bur
veys of Mineral and Agricultural Lands will re
ceive prompt attention. Orders can be left with
Mr. O'Bannon in my absence. 519.
JOHN R. EARDLEY,
NOTARY PUBLIC, CONVEYANCER,
AND
UNITED STATES LAND AGENT,
Willow Glen P. 0. - - Montana.
8o8
. ,I BDAVIS,
Civil ngineer, Deputy UI, , Mineral kuveyor
DEER LODGE, M. T.
L"Orders left at the office of R. L. Davis, or
addressed to me at Deer Lodge P. O. will
receive prompt attention. 832
DAlV IS & BENNETT,
ASSAYERS,
BUTTE - - - MONTANA.
PRICES-Gold & Silver.................. 60
Silver ............................ 00
Copper....................... .. 00
Wr5ample sent by mail promptly attended to
5 1
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS.
A. II. MITCHELL, M. D. GEO. C. DOUGLL, M. D.
MITCHELL & DOUGLAS,
Physicians and Surgeons,
DEER LODGE. MONTANA.
Prompt attention given profcesionall calls in town
and surrounding country.
OFFIt E-OPPOSITE TIlE SCOTT HOUSE.
859
JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon,
Office-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc
cupied by M. M. Hopkins.
l)teor Lodgte, - Moni ann.
Calls In town or country will receive prompt at
~entlon, 643
DR. H. H. WYNNE,
IIELENA, MONTANA,
Eye, Ear and Throat Surgeon.
Ieeren tl/ attendant upon the large eye, ear and
Ihr,.rd hospitls of Europe, (Vienna, Berlin,
PIri, London and Edinburgh.)
the e.ve, ear and throat a special and exclusive
ITractlicr.
Sp,ecttrles vcientlflcallyv tted to the eye.
(',rarrh of the nose and thbroat successfully treated.
iOFt I.I--JACKSON STREET. 859 lyr
HERBERT HOLLOWAY,
Veterinary Surgeon,
Depaty Territorial Veterinary Surgeon,
Having located in Deer Lodge will promptly
attend all calls for diseased stock. kefers to
Phil. E. Evans, W. B. Miller, S. E. Larabre and
others. Charges reasonable. l32tf
A_ J_ 13 TFFY,
DENTIST,
Office Opposite the City Hotel.
DEER LODGE, MONT.
BANKS AND BANKERS.
W. A, CLARK, S. E. LARABIE,
CLARK ; LARABIW,
BA.NKE~'ElS,
DEER LODCE, M. T.
Do a General Banking Business and Draw
Exchange on
il t, o Princlpal Cities of the World.
NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS.
Firnt National Bank, New York, N. Y.
First National Bank!
ILELENA, - MONTANA.
Paid up Capital...... .00.000
Surplus and Profits 5325,000
s. T, HAUER, - - President.
A. J. DAVIS, - - V,ce-President.
E. W. JKNIGHT. - - Cashier.
T. R. KLEINSCHMIDT, - Ass:t Cash.
DESIGNATED DEPOSITORY OF THE
UNITED STATES.
We.ransact a general Banking bnuiness,and boy, at
lhest rates, Gold Dust, Coln, Go!d and Silver Bul
us, and Local becurities; Sell Exchanee and Tele
r:phic Pransfers, available in all parts of the United
SBted,the Canada. Great Britain. Iriland 'and the
Cintinent. CoLLnrosous made and progmerdrecdtted
8rrotptly.
Directors.
.. P. HIIAUSER, TOHN CURTIN.
4. 1. IIOLTER, R. S IASITOS.
/OHN ii. MING,, C. P- IIIGGI..
5. W. KNIGlIIT, A. J. DAVIP.
T. POWER, . M. PARUEN,,
T I. KLEINSCHMIDT, r08s
Soott lou s.
Sam. Scott, Proprleter.
Bo0il Per Day $20.o SinleIas1 , 50c
THE FAVORITE SALOON
PETERSON & CONNIFF, Pro'nr.
Main &Second, DEER LODGE.
Thoroungh, Overhsaled, Repaired and ReaeSited.
4U tlrais add Cigars, , 1-Zo ZSach.
Pb. Best'. Milwakee Beer ON TAP.
& YWAYS nLgASBD To) 833 o0tra FemIDS.
.o i
I--1-- -.-- -
VOL. 17, NO. ~34. DEER LODGE, MONTANA; FEBRUARY 19 .18886. WHOLE NO. 867.
THE PHILOSOPHER'S STONE.
The Seers are dead and gone, my dear,
Who vainly sought that mystic stone
Which turned to gold this mundane
sphere,
Performing wonders now unknown.
Fates read in stars were never true:
Astrologers told naught of life,
No good could from their laws accrue,
Their edicts brought us simply strife.
Yet Stella, is thy neart that stone
On which my bane or bliss depends,
And should I gain it for my own,
'Twould gild life's path where e'er it
wends.
I aarp Wedy P tar!-more bright
Than' Venus-e'en when Mars dotl rise.
My fate, I read by pale moonlight.
My Stella, in thy deep blue eyes.
"G. E. T." in Town Topics.
The Sultan's German Confectioner.
One of the sultau's weaknesses is a
fondness for confectionery, and a story
coming fresh from Constantinople shows
that he does not spare expense in indulg
ing in it. "A short time ago," writes a
correspondent, "a German confectioner
traveled from Moscow to Constantinople
in the hope of securing & situation. Be
ing of an inquisitive turn of mind he de
termined to get a sight of the sultan, and
so kept a lookout in likely places. At
last the opportunity came, and as the sul
tan was driven past his German admirer
vigorously saluted him. Unaccustomed
to such an exhibition of cordiality, one of
the sultan's officers thought it best to in
quire if it had any significance, and so
the German for the time was taken pos
session of.
His explanation proving satisfactory
and his innocence clear, and the avowal
of his avocation, moreover, creating
evident interest, the man was dismissed
with a present and an injunction to turn
up the next day with clean skin and new
clcthes. The result of the second inter
view was that the confectioner was set to
making pastry as a test of his powers in
that art, and his success was so com
plete that he was engaged right off at a
salary of 500 piasters per month. But
better luck still awaited him. The pastry
found its way to the sultan's table, and
his highness was so pleased with it that
he made the stranger from Germany his
confectioner at once with 1,000 piasters a
month for making tarts. As both sides
are pleased with the arrangement made
-the sultan with his confectionery and
the German with his pay-the outside
world has nothing to say.-Pall Mall
Gazette.
Burial Customs of Modern Greece.
A correspondent at Athens gives an
account of many curious burial castoms
peculiar to Greece which lately came
under his notice. A piece of linen as
wide as the body and twice as long, was
doubled and a hole large enough for the
head cut out of it. In this the body was
wrapped and then dressed in new clothes
and more especially new shoes. Beneath
the head was placed a pillow full of lem
on leaves. In the mouth was put a
bunch of violets, and around the temples
a chaplet of flowers. These are used
)nly for the unmarried, and must be
white. Both head and feet were tied
with bands made for the purpose, which
were unloosed at the edge of the grave
when the coffin was about to be closed.
A small coin (a relic of the fee to the
ferryman) was placed in the palm of the
hand. At Athens a sou is dropped into
the coffin. The greatest attention is
given to this point.
In removing the body the feet always
go first. A priest came on three succes
sive days to sprinkle the room, fumigate
it, and repeat certain prayers, as for
that period after death it was supposed
to be haunted. After burial women are
hired to keep a light burning over the
grave until the body is supposed to be
decomposed. To assist this, the bottom
of modern Greek coffins is of lattice
work. Every Saturday the poor of
Athens place on the graves of their
friends, eatables of the sort they used to
like.-Foreign Letter.
Babies in a Photograph Gallery.
Mothers are the same, whether they
dress in silks and satins or are con
strained to wear calico and perform
mental duties. They are impressed with
the fact that baby has reached that stage
in life's journey from the cradle to the
grave when his or her backbone is suffi
ciently pronounced to hold the little
hairless head up, and when such be
somes a fact baby is carried to a photo
graph gallery and a negative is secured.
It is quite an event in baby's life, as for
several months after such a picture is
taken it furnishes the fond mother with.
a day from which she can date little at
tacks of the colic, croup or other unen
joyable features of infantile existence.
It is also something of an event in a pho
tograph gallery.
Baby visitors do not take kinkly to the
camera. They entertain some kind of an
idea that it must go off, and hence they
are afraid of it. Others delight inthe
novelty of the sight and want to play
with it. No matter what the feel
ing, the result is the same-they cry.
Babies yells may be the proper thing in
the well regulated family circle, but they
are not so regarded in a modern gallery
where likenesses alone are perpetuated.
-St. Paul Pioneer-Press.
A specimen of Ituskin's Vanity.
Labouchere thinks the following pas
sage from Ruskin's "Prseteritae" is about
as good a specimen of egregious vanity
as any eminent man has ever favored the
world with. Little Johnny had found
his first piece of copper pyrites, and thus
moralizes on the event: "If only then
my father and mother had seen the real
strength and weakness of their little
John, if they had given me but a shaggy
Welsh pony, and left me in charge of a
good Welsh guide, . . . they would
have made a man of me there and then,
and afterward the comfort of their own
hearts, and probably the first geologist of
my time in Europe."-Chicago Tribune.
A Joke That Tiokles All Russia.
Gloomy Siberia has furnishe.l a joke of
her own that has made all the Russias
laugh. Ivan Petroff, a merchant and mayor'
of the city of Gorki, of the Tomsk province.
dicd a while ago. The citizens raised 20(
roubles the procure a painting of the dead
mayor. They sent the money to-Mr. Skotti,
the well-known painter of Mo.scow, asking
him to make a portrait of tha mayor. They
did not inclose any photograph, but gave
thisdescripto:a: "Age, .I2 years and 6
months; stature, 5 fret ti inches; hair and
eyebrows, auburn; eyes, gray; nose, mouth,
and chin, ordinary; face, clean. He had no
special traits except stammering."" The
artist laughed, and gave the curious order
to one of his young pupils, Ast:akhoff, who
in a few days painted the portrait -of the
stammering mayor and sent it to Siberia.
In a few weeks Skotti received a letter fgom
tbe Gorkians, saying: "The relatives of
the late Mr. Fetroff and the rest of the citi
sens believe that no better likeness could
have been n.ada "--Chicago Tribune.
The Young Idea,
Yhiladeiphia Cau.l
Mamma-Do you know the ten commana
aenti, my deart
l]e Ilebees-Ye;, mamma
"Well, repe t them."
"I cant, mamma. I doj't know them b.
eart. 1 only know them when I se tLe:e . .
Looking Down en the Crowd.
A young lady from Massachusetts vis
ited the New York stock exchange. the
other day, and on looking down on thd
mad crowd beneath her exclaimed: "They
are lghtingl" and fainted away.
The late bishop of Manchester owed his
extrnordulury mastery over his voice to
ha rig lived for years withadetfmlther
MME. YTURBIDE AND SON.
A PATHETIC STORY OF MATERNAL
ANGUISH AND REGRET.
A Grandson of the Emperor Yturbide
Adopted by Maximilian and Car
lotta-A Mother's Tribula
tions-United at Last.
The Yturbides, who have spent the best
part of their lives in Washington, are heirs
t1' the threas W Mbsxiec The Thsipeor Au
gustin Yturbide had been an officer in the
Spanish army when Mexico was a depend
ency of Spain. Having been cashiered for
cruelty to prisoners, he revenged himself by
heading the re'volt which freed Mexico from
the Spanish dominion. This was in 1821.
But being a man of powerful ambition as
well as extraordinary powers, he managed
to have himself proclaimed emperor of Mex
ico. Revolution followed, and on the 19th
day of July, 1824, he was shot as a traitor.
The Mexican congress exiled his fam
ily, but, remembering Yturbide's services
in freeing Mexican soil from the foreigner,
settled a handsome annuity upon them. The
emperor's only son, Don Angel de Yturbide,
was sent to the United States to be
educated, and while a student at the
Jesuit college at Georgetown he fell
in love with and married Miss Alice Green,
a woman of spirit as well as beauty. They
had one child, Augustin, who is now 21
years old. At the critical point in poor
Maximilian's fortunes he thought it would
be a measure of conciliation toward the
Mexicans if he were to offer to adopt the
grandson of the Emperor Yturbide and
make him heir to the throne.
The proposition was, therefore, conveyed
to the family, who had been allowed to re
turn to Mexico. It was coupled with the
promise of a large grant off money to the
Yturbides, which was, however, nothing
but the payment of the pension due them
from the Mexican government, and also
that they should all leave Mexico at once.
Dazzled by the brilliant prospect opening,
as she thought, before her children, Mme.
Yturbide contented to the arrangement.
The young Augustin, then not 3 years old,
was to be treated as the child of Maximilian
and Carlotta, and Mme. Yturbide felt that
she was giving him up to another mother.
The papers were signed and Mme. Yturbide
and her hurband set off for the United
States
ANGUISU AT THE SEPARATION.
But, from the moment- she turned her
steps away from her child, she was possessed
with anguish at the separation. Every
hour her distress increased, and when she
reached Puebla she haltel and wrote a pa
thetic note to Marshal Bazaine, then in com
mand, begging him in eloquent words to
induce the emperor and empress to restore
to her her child. She could not await the
marshal's answer to her letter at Puebla,
which had been her intention, but seeing
from her windows the diligence about to
start for the City of Mexico, she ran down
and hastily packing up a few necessaries
took her place in it for the city where her
child was Immediately on reaching Mex
ico she communicated with Marshal Ba
zaine, who behaved with great kindness to
her, and through him she addressed a touch
ing letter to the Emperor Maximilian. To
this letter a verbal answer was sent request
ing that Mme. Yturbide come to the palace
to confer with the emperor and empress. At
an appointed day a royal carriage was sent
for her. Mme. Yturbide, ekgsnitly dressed
in the Mexican fashion, with a mantilla over
her head, entered it. Instead of driv
ing to the palace they turned into
a road leading out of the city. "The
court, I suppos"., is at Chepaltepec," said
Mme. Yturbide to the officer who accom
panied her. But she was soon undeceived.
It was the road to Puebla. Adiligence met
them. Mme. Yturbide, on leaving the
royal carriage, sat down on a rock on the
roadside and refused to go further; but she
was taken up by main force, put in the dili
gence, and taken to Puebla, where her hus
band, Don Angel de Yturbide, met her. But
Mme. Yturbide could do something else be
side write touching lettera She found out
that the arrangement she had entered into
and so bitterly regretted had no legal force
according to the Mexican laws She inter
ested Mr. Seward, then secretary of state,
who made strong representations to the
French government in Mme. Yturbide's
favor. The Empress Carlotta was on her
last visit to Paris, making her final desper
ate eTort for assistance from the Emperor
Napoleon. Mme. Yturbide went to Paris,
where these ,two unhappy women had an
interview. The empress received her coldly,
and the interview was very unsatisfactory
to Mm.n Yturbide.
MOTHER AND SON UNITED.
Meanwhile, Maximillan's fate was fast
overtaking him. When he saw the catas
trophe was at hand he determined to save
young Yturbide, and with the assistance of
the archbishop of Mexico hI conveyed word
to Minme. Yturbide that her child would be
placed on a certain steamer reaching Havana
at snoh a date-and it was there Mme. Ytur
bide was united to him after a separation of
two years. Maximilian and Carlotta had
surrounded the young prince with all the
elegancies of royalty, and he retained many
of their royal gifts. His father was then
dead and his mother had sole charge of his
eduzation. He was educated partly abroad
and partly in this country.
During her residence in Washington dur
ing the last two years Mine. Ytirbide lived
in a fine house on the corner of Nineienth
and N streets, but last O:tober, her son be
ing nearly 21, she sold h..r house and re
turned with him to Mexicn. His intention
was to enter the army at once, but by the
advice of his Mexican friends he entered the
national military, college for a course of
study before taking his commission. He is
a handsome young man, very quiet and pre
possessing. His abilitisa can scarcely be
judged so far, but he always conducted him
self with great good sense. Mme. Yturbide
is now with him in Mexico, but she has
never wholly abandoned Washington as her
homp and is still a large property-owner
here. Her family all reside hera She is a
woman of much beauty of person and great
dignity of manner, and in her long contest
for her child she maintained the spirit and
determipafion of a true American.-Wash.
ington Cur. Chicago News
Would Not Be a Boy Again.
Why is it that so many foolish folk look
backward to their boyhood for their halcyon
days? Somehow you could not be induced
to go back. You have gazed back and en
joyed it. But if you have lived a decent
and healthy life you have come to a larger
place and fuller joys. You had a good home
and have never dishonored it. But the boy
was less than the man. The youthful fret
was as great, the cares as many and the
struggles as great as the man's, according to
his strength, and the homes were not like
the mart of trade where now you strive for
masteries. Your hands may shake with
their present burdens; but you prefer the
shaklng to the blistering of iron catches on
the old winter's mornings, if only one's
manly hands have no blisters of moral
wrongs. You have, or should have, a thou
sand. sources of enjoyment now where you
had ten then. For your sorrows youhavethe
strength and the faiths of a full grown man.
No; better days are before us, not behind
us.-Rev. Emo y. J. Haynes.
fWhere Mosqultoes are Not Treuilesome.
"Good Heavens, Washington, how does
rour mast-r live in such a mosquito-ey hole
is this"
'"elL ash, the fat am. at night Mirs
3eorge am so intoxilled be don't give a ouse
'or the skeeters, and in de morning de sktt.
.rs am so mtoxitied they don't give a cucs.
!or.Mars George"
In the efo:"t to rid Montana of daagero
wild animals'.ounties were paid during 1881
ese more thas. ,0JO wolves, 1,800 coyotes,
500 # ears, ad .J meountain Hoes J.sring
t1a& sýhe howsae.s were still greates,--h gct
Thew
tkliUsa's Proposa Senators.
spe -sll Correspondence.l
:S.triNOTON. Jan. 27.-Our young adts.
Iliicota. a ho is seeking to make her debut
and join the society of her sister sates, dtws
L."t t::p up covly and modestly and ask th4
:ri.t r:we or forbearance of her full grow~.
sisters in givi.ng
her the proper 1.
troductions amd
guiding her aright
in the usages a.
tablished on such
occasions by Ipece
dent, but she
swoops down on:us
V like the .blizzsd
for which she i3
famous, and at
tempts to capti
vate us by her dash
GIDEON C. MOODY. or "nerve." At
any rate, she is the
talk of the town here, as young ladies pos
sessing her boldness are likely to be.
Whether she will be able to win the heart
of congress remains to be seen.
On Dec. 16 last was'the first notice received
by the country that a legislature was in ses
dion at Huron. where Judges Edgerton and
Moody were elected United States senators.
Judge Gideon L. Moody, of Deadwool, was
born in Cortland, N. Y., in 1832 He entered
the Union army at the outbreak of the war,
enlisting as a private from Jasper county,
Indiana, and gradually rising in the service
until he was made a colone!. Removing to
Dakota he was
made speaker of the
assembly in 1868
at I was re-elec.ed
to the same posi- 't
tion in 1874. In
the years interven
ing he st rved as a %
mmmber of the
house. He was sent ".
as a delegate to the
constitutional con
veution of 1831 an I
ser vetl as chairman
rf tl.e committee ALONZO G. EDGERTON.
appointed to Iprepare the memorial to the
president and congress, setting forth Dakota's
claim to sisterhood in the family of the
United State:.
Alonzo J. E Iger.on was born in Rome,
N. Y., and is 57 years of age. He was gradu
a'ed folnt Wesleyan university at Middle.
town, Conn., in 1.il. When still a young
man he remloved to Minnesota. and has been
il.t muately and prominently identified with
the history of tha, state.. He was a member
of its lezislature in 1858 59 and in 1877-78,
snlll in 1876 was chosen a presidential elec
t :r. Fromn 1871 to 1874 he occupied the
psition of railroal commissioner, and in
ls81 was appoin:ed as United States senator,
succeeding Mr. Windom when the latter be
came secretary of the treasury in President
Garfield's cabinet. Dec. 26, 1881, he was
made chief justice of the sunreme court of
Dakota. Both men have been in Washington
some time, and attract considerable atten
tion. PERRY BARTON.
Joaquin Miller and His Daughter.
[Special Correspondence.]
NEw YORK. Jan. 27 -The recent story of
the destitution of th: e det daughter of Joa
quin Miller seems to be a sequel to the life
of her gifted though eccentric father. From
the thne he left his Ind:ana home as a boy to
try his fortune in California till this very
Jay he seems to prefer to rough it than en
joy the comforts of civilizationt. He is at
present the husband of a daughter of Wil
liam Lelan 1, of hotel keeping fame, but he
lives in a rou-h log cabin at the outskirts of
Washington rather- than stare ths comforts
of a pleasant home life in New York with
his wife. lie has bkeu a wanderer from boy
hood. Starting in life with very little eda
cation, he tramped for seven years with no
visible occupation other t'lan to write occa
sional verses. In 181i.. at the age of 19, he
returned home, and wa; preva:led upon to
settle down. He entered a lawyer's olfice,
but the old roving spirit got the best of him,
and the next we hear of him hb was an ex
press agent in the gol I mining districts of
Idaho. Then he ma. editor of a Democrat:c
paper at Eugene, which becamue so unpatri
otic that it was
suppressed by the
government. He
then opened a law
office at Canon
4 j . City, and for four
years prior to 1870
was a country
judge. It was here
he published his
first collection of
charming poems.
which brought him
the title of "Poet
of the Sierras." In
1JOAQUIN he marred
JOAQIN tILEt Minnie Theresa
Dyer, "Minnie Myrtle." who obtained a
divorce from him in 1870. Maud, who has
created the present sensation, is th daughter
of the poet by his first wife. She was edu
cated in the convent of Jesus-Marie, at
Sillery, near Quebec. Four years after
Maud's admiss on to the convent school sha
was summoned to New York to her mother's
deathbed. The mother died of consumption.
;dr. Mill-r buried her and took Maud bac.t
to Ganada. The girl carried with her the
manuscript of an unfluishel story by h~r
mother. She left the convent at the age of
18, and lived with her father and stepmother
in this city. She went to Europa as travel
ing companion with a friend of Mrs. Miller's.
remained abroad six months, and on her
return visited a good deal at the house of
Mrs. Peet, of Perth Amboy, whose first hub
band was Steele Mackaye. There she met
young Mackaye and became engage to him.
Her father forbade the marriage on ac
count of her youth, and the elder Mackaye
also wished . his son to wait. But the
young people would not wait, and on th
eve of Ash Wednesday, two years ago,
they were married. The bride went .to
live with her mother-in-law, Mrs Feet.
The husband remidned in New Ybrk
at his father's
home, and went to
Perth Amboy on
Saturdays. Mrs.
Mackaye was not
content to live in
idleness, and with
out consulting her
relatives, went on -
the stage. She
played at a small
salary with poor
traveling compan
les, among others
one that set out on
the road with "rhe '
Danites." Hereshe l.ui KLtLE.
was advertised as
Joaquin Miller's daughter. Her father saw
her act in it at Baltimore and seemed to
appear proud of her.
The next we hear of her was that "The
Danites" company had collap ed at Louis
ville, and Maud was stranded and in poverty
in Chicago. She arrved last week in lNew
York with Loudon McCormick, her late
manager, whom sue recently married in
Chicago.
A conversation with Miss Maud Miller
Mackaje McCormick, the lady of the five
Ms, gives one the impression that she il
either sligh:ly demented or that hit the un
tamed eccentricity of her father and
mother has been intensified in her natire.
Picture Blocks for Yeung Children.
No more satisfactory plaything has been in.
vented for young children than picturt
blocks. The plain, old-fashioned cubes at
better for building Louses, fences and railwsc
trains than the dissected edifices the little cta
can notput together unaided. Every thL,
he poee one block upon another without he;l
he learns a lesson self-reliance and peraL
verae that counts for one step in the a
efplne ef life.--Philadelphia Call.
Hope the Bllzzard Straighteaed It Oat.
lDetron tree }re.
pianner, the mao wie th3 lightning
struck autogr.mph .' h. we used to wem
lome on do la:- b ., i. cnmnlag out in a
tent in Florida. .,'w h. litced tol col snap
is not known, bu" ther.- ars grave tfars tlhn
his sigusture ih- sten t trietvably fiWa
titain
I'ASHIION SPO('I TI,.
A QUEER PHASE OF METROPOLITAN
DRESSMAKING TRADE.
Sh arp-Eyed Women Who Earn a Llvell
Lo..o and Keep Up with the Times by
lPirating Patterns and Counteifeit
ing Costames.
I:ot nmany days ago tbe reporter chanced in
his round to spend a little time in one of the
great dry goods caravanseries that abound in
New York, and there observed the newest
phase in the great art of dressmaking. lIe
stood in the cloalt-room, when all at ones
there was a colmonltion above the confusion
of tralii'., and he saw, as did others in the
roe:. , tha store detective take a tastefully
d. .-.. young woman by the arm and gently
but firmly eject her. There followed a whis
pered chorus among clerks and customers of
"Is _-ho a: hoplifter t" and "What has she done?"
At the (closing of the door the detective re
suined his former disinterested air, and kept
it u:ltil lasked what the lady had done to be so
sudi :ul. , turned out into the cold. Then he
answerld:
"Oh, she's what we call a fashion spotter."
The reporter's ideas of spotters had always
centered on the reprehensible individuals whe
deeive tendler-hearted bartenders on Sun
days, and he waited for more. It came.
LATEST FASHION OF PARIS.
"It's a new line of business among some of
the mIost lure turn and snobbish dressmakinlt
anld millinery establishments in this city.
that's got to be quite the caper lately, and
just now as their opening season is commenc
ing they are out to spot and get on to every
wrinkle they can at some one else's expense.
You see such houses as ours send every year a
special buyer or order to Europe to secure all
the newest styles in the cloak, millinery and
dressmaking lines, especially for their con
cerns. This is done to keep each other well
supplied against the competition of outside or
private trades, and at the same time to not al
low their houses to fall behind in the latest
fashions of Parisian or other foreign designs
or novelties. About a year ago it was im
possible to excel these large establishments ii:
procuring such goods, and when a lady of
fashion desired to get anything recent, out
side of importing it herself through some
fri-,nd abroad, she was compelled to come to
our stores and departments.
"It was this pinch to secure patterns and
styles from some perfect specimen or mode;
:made in Paris that brought into existence the
class to which belongs that woman you just
saw me lead out of the store. These concernt
get a man or woman in their employ who ih
possessed with a knack for at once 'spotting'
or catching at a glance the color, Inateria
and design of any new dress, bonnet or cloak.
Such parties must be experienced in this linm
of trade and when the season for new style,
and European novelties is about opening at
the leading establishments they are sent out
on their important mission to provide design
for their employers, and upon them rests the
gi~:at responsibility of the winter's work ant
trade. The 'fashion spotter,' after looking
through the advertising columns of the pa
i")o, notes the announcements of the leading
s:.,;J' opelnings and at once starts on her mis
s:,:l. First oneestablishment of standing if
entered and if the house deals in millinery.
each sample bonnet is picked up and every
detail in its nmaterial and make mentally
noted. This is the millinery fashion spotter',
job. Then, so it goes on with the cloakmak
ers' and dressmakers' spotters.
DETECTIVES ON THE ALERT.
"The heads of big stores at length deter
mined to keep detectives on the alert for the
fashion spotters and to keep them out of the
show-rooms. We are getting on to them as
set now, through shadowing and keeping
regular description list of them at headquar.
ters.
"The best time to nip these damsels is or
wet days, when regular customers do not care
to venture out. They all seem to have plenty
of leisure in rainy weather, because their
trade is also dull, and, beside, they think they
can accordingly take time by the forelock
There is no law to prevent or punish them for
stealing fashionable ideas and turning then
to their own advantage, but of course a mar
has a right to forbid t person frequenting his
establishment whom he might deem objection
able. Then when you look at it, the business
does seem a regular.piratical piece of work. I
do not believe the style can be copyrighted.
but it seems almost as much of an offense as the
plagiarism or piracy of a book or play. Yon
must understand these houses pay a pretty bit
premium for securing the first importatior
and exclusive use of these styles in America.'
-Brooklyn Eagle.
The Mahogany Desks of the Senate.
The mahogany desks used by the menle
bers of the United States senate are, witl
few exs e )t:oos, seventy-five years old. The;
were built away back in 1810 i2. Like old
wine they have improved with age and are
apparently as strong and durable as when
first placed in po'ticn. Capt. Bassett, who
has been a sort of factotum about the senate
for half a centary is the only person living
who can point out the desks used by the
great men of the past, and he, it is unneces
FarT to say, guards his et-ret well. If he
did not the relic-hunters would chop them
to pieces within a.month.
When Mr. Tabor, of Colorado, was a
member of the senate he endeavored to
learn the history of his desk, but Capt.
Bassett declined to gratify his curiosity.
Tabor is ,aid to have replied: "Never
mind; I'll at least leave my mark upon it,
so that posterity may remember me by that,
is nothing else." He wore at that time a
pair of gold sleeve-buttons with a large
solitaire diamond setting in the center.
With these he gradually made two indenta
tions in each corner of the desk, and doubt
less flattered himself that he had outwitt I
the captain. But the latter as soon as Mr.
Tabor retired from the senate, plugged up
the holes so deftly that no trace of their ex
istence remaina--Washington Cor. Chicago
News
Why Hunting Parties Wear Pink.
An attempt has lately been reported."
says the 'Book of the Horse,' "from the
fashionable English hunting counties to
bring black coats into fashion, instead of
the accepted pinks, 'which have become too
common and vulgar.' It is quite safe to
prophesy that this bit of exclusive affecta
tion will not survive many seasons. The
advantages -of pink are many; it can be
seen far off; it s a good letter of introduc
tion at every inn and turnpike gate for the
man otherwise well appointed; most men
look well in it; properly treated it wears
longer than bIack. Formerly it was con
sidered the correct thing to wear a scarlet
coat much stained. Even artificial means
were used to produce the desired effect; but
of late the custom has been the other way,
and hunting valets have discovered some
mains of making two or three hunting
coats look new every day of the season."
New York Town Topics
English Anecdote of Horsee Greeley.
We suspect that wealthy Americans get
"the people" crammed down their throats
till thley g ow as weary as the late Horace
Greeley, a most liberal giver, "who once
answeted a request for money 'to save a
few souls' with the snarl: "Get out! There
ain't half the souls damned that ought to
be "-London Spectator.
A Long Felt Wait in Africa.
English enterprise will soon supply a want
whi' h has been long felt in west Africa,
via:I an investing and commercial bank.
The company is now Leing formed, with a
capital of £1,000,000 sterling&. The head
office will be in Liverpool, with branche at
Lags, Sierra Ioan., and Cape Coesh--aE
Eassage Knowa Twenty Centurls Ags.
Massage, or the art of cmaing diessms by
rubbing, Lneading, and utrokiig, is acdto
have Le,~a known to the Chines three
hundred years before the Christian era,
while the ancient Persians, Greeks, sa
Raomi pnr sed smiuar umwthed--Ci
~iasmq
UN7 PROTECTED WORKERS.
HOW CHILDREN ARE OVERWORKED
IN GERMANY.
Evils Which are Exciting the Attention
of the Government-Fearful Mortail
ity of Children Employed in Fas
torles-Tiade , egulations.
How totally unprotected the German
working population is ftw people~ know oa
side the sufferers and the men and women
whose lives are spent in arousing discontent
and revolutionary hatred among them.
In England and Switzerland, and to some
extent in America, factory inspectors are
especially instructed to prosecute for breach
of the factory acts. In Germany they are
especially instructed not to do so. They re
port to the governments of the several prin
cipalities and kingdoms, who revise and ex
cerpt at discretion and then forward the re
sult to the government of the empire, which
carries the process of dissection one step
further and then publishes as much of the
twice mutiliated remains as it thinks proper,
and still the reports, even after they have
been twice mangled by the ministerial
shears, are most painful reading.
The trade regulations forbid employers
binding their hands to work on Sundays.
So no one is bound, but every one works
for fear of dismissaL Necessaries of life, it
furnished to the hands by employers, must
be supplied at cost price, but tools and ma
terials may be furnished at any price that
the employers see fit to set upon them, and
the encrmous profits demanded by a firm in
Bielefeld were the cause of the strike, tu
mult and uproar and consequent institution
of actual military siege in that town last
summer. The employers of sewing women
in the preparation of ready-made clothing,
too, carried their exactions of profits upon
the sewing materials which they supply so
far that, when the motion to impose a tax
upon sewing cotton was before the reichstag,
a committee was appointed to canvass the
employes of all such establishments in Ber
lin and compare their statements with those
of the employers. The result was the revel
ation of extortions almost incredible.
THE EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN.
Children under 12 years of age may not
be employed in factories and the terribly
rigorous enforcement of compulsory educa
tion up Lo 12 years of age probably secures
obedience to this command of the law, but
children from 12 to 14 years of age may be
employed six hours per day. The teachers
of the empire at their convention in Darm
stadt last summer called attention to the
fact that in 1883, when the last available
statistics were published, 18,9W5 such chil
dren were employed in those industries
ak n3 which were under the surveillance
of the factory inspectors, while
the number employed in industries
carried on by the workers in their dwell
ings and in handicrafts was probably much
larger, and the speakers laid due weight
upon the damage inflicted upon these thou
ran Is of poor little toilers by their too early
r. moval from school Even in the mines
there are children employed, both boys and
girls.
But the worst aspect of the children's em
ployment evil is in relation to the factory
inspectors. There are not one-tenth as many
of the s3 functioiiaries in the first place as there
ought to be and the few who cxist are ex
pressly forbidden to prosecute for breach of
the law. Hence the abuse of the employ
ment of children goes sc far that such a sheet
as The National Liberal Leipsicer Tageblatt
recently observed: "If the inspectors would
pause in many a place in Saxony towards
9, 10 and 11 at night in the vicinity of ma
chine made lace works they would see how
many children are employed beyond the
legal hours, among them children from 7
years on."
years on."
FEARFUL MORTALITY OF CHILD'":N.
According to The Conservative Monthly
there are in Germany no less than 480,474
children under 15 years of age supporting
themselves. Of these, 142,863 are engaged
in manufacture, 28,629 of them being girls
There is scarcely a branch of industry in
which children are not employel In mines
and salt works alone 5,500 children are em
ployed. Brick, porcelain and glassworks
employ 5,744 more children, a large propor
tion of whom are employed at home in
glass-hlowing, a kind of work especially
hurtful for breathing apparatus which is
still in process of development. In spinning
mills there are 6,942 children. The figures
touching the spinning industry are very
complete, and the conclusions which inev
itably follow from them are terrible. Be
sides the 6,942 child spinners, there are 34,
000 persons ranging in age from 15 to 20
years, 31,000 in the years between 20 and
80, and but 15,700 between 80 and 40. The
majority of these workers are women.
The natural consequence is the fearful mor
tality of children in spinning and weaving
districts such as Silesia, a mortality which
has increased of late years In Breslau,
for instance, this mortality has increased
from 277 per. 1,000 children as the average
of the years from 1876-1880 to 290 in 1883.
In Leignitz, during the same time, the in
fant mortality increased from 288 to 290 per
1,000. In Oppelu it increased from 211 to
226 per 1,000, and in the whole province
from 255 to 266 per 1,000. But these figures
are by no means the worst In the actual
seats of manufacture the statistical showing
is frightful. Beuthen and Waldenburg have
a very dense population, chiefly employed
in mining and smelting. In both the pro
portion of deaths of children was 430 per
1,000. The population of Landeshut is oc
cupied in textile manufacture and here the
mortality reached 486 per 1,000. Yet the
employment of children, according to the
latest reports of the factory inspectors, is
everywhere steadily increasing.-Foreign
Cor. Philadelphia Times.
Rays of Sunshine.
[New York sun.]
THn SECRET OF SUCCESS,
Small Boy-A cent'r worth of peanuts,
aunty.
Aunty-Arrahl be of wid ye. D'ye think
t's meself that would be afther sellin' a
cent's worth of peanuts?
Small Boy (around the corner)-Gimme a
cent's worth of peanuts, Garibaldi.
Garibaldi-S., signor, vera gooda peanut,
fresha roast.
A LITTLEZ mISUDERSTANDING.
Angry Purchaser-You told me the horse
wasn't balky.
Seller-No, I didn't.
Angry Purchaser-You certainly did.
You said that when it came to pulling that
horse was there every time
Seller-Yes, that's what I said. He's
there, but the trouble is he stays. I used to
build a bonfire under him.
AN UNFOBESEEN ACCIDENT.
"Yes," sighed a recent widow, "we are
very unfortunate. Poor John was out of
work for a long time, and when he obtained
a gool job he died."
"What job did he get?" she was asked.
"He joined a circus and got $20 a week for
p. ting his head in the lion's mouth twice a
day.- That's all he had to do. Itseems hard
he should have died."
' What did he die of"?
"The lion bit his head offt"
THINK WELL OF THE COUNTRY.
"Shine'ea uppa.' said an Italian bwot
black to Pats just landed.
"Phat's the chargef' asked Pat.
"Five cents." "'*
"Begorra," said Patlas, he seated himself
in the chair, *itb is a folne counthry, Amer
iky, where a poor Oirishman can get his
boots blacked by a glntlemon wid goold
rings in his ears."
Milk Prodaee4d I 4Rrewers' Grain.
The mineral coistituenls are largely
Imeched out of barley in malting, and con
isqueatly the material for boae growth is
lacklag. But milk from brewlrs' grains is
for this very reaonu the lest fdtr adults
What is nse'ei for aults is wat-prducing
feod, to supp.y waste,. not bono ead ~ 'k
- ._dfe teal -to assit growth. -
THE LIME KILN CLUB.
Portraits of a Visiting Delegation and
Brother 'Yhl eiole laowker.
[Detroit Free Pre.J]
During the past week a distingui.hed dele
gatioh from Marietta. 0., cons:sting of the
Hon Cole. Strawder. Hon. C'uh ileudoer
son and Deacol F.etcher. h trye been visitiru
the Lime Kim. clu j. 'ih, obj'.-t wa, to e.
cure "pointere" for the b nefit of the colri.l
tociety in Marietta, known as "i he So emn
Band of Gideon." 7he deleCation had never
tackled a town of over 4,000 inhabitants be
fore, ani were rather "off color" in Detroit.
--
1 r
THE VISITING DILEGATION.
The Hon. Strawder, for instance, insisted
on walking in the middle of the road. and
in using lard and lampblack on his boots.
The Hon. Henderson lost his wal!et, con
taining $10, while buying re inuts on the
market, and had to raise his fare home Ly
spouting his silver watch. Deacon Fletcher
mailed two letters in fire alarm boxes, fol
lowed a brass band a mile and a half in the
mud, and was foolish enough to mix up in a
dog fight, and get knocked down by the
man who owned the se ond best canine.
The Delegates went away happy, however,
and chock full of information for the benefit
of their band. They were granted a charter
to work to the thirty-second degree, and
start out with sixty-seven members, every
one of whom has a ball spot on top of his
head. and knows the difference between a
spring chicken and a motherly hen.
Pickles Smith offered a resolution to the
effect that a committee he appointed to in
vest'gate and pronounce on the skull of
Demosthenes, now hanging on a nail in the
museum, and labeled: "After Using." He
had heard serious doubts expressed as to
whether the skull was genuine, or one made
to order in New York, and would like the
fact settled.
"Brudder Smith, sot right down!" ex
claimed the president as he brought his gavel
Sown with a bang "When we label and
sang up a sk ull in dis museum we have gone
too fur to back water. Dat am not only
supposed to be de skull of Demosthenes, but
it am 'spected dat etery individual member
of dis club am read to take off his coat to
support de supposishunl When you start
out to make a museum de first great step am
nebber to doubt your own labels."
The case of Whalebone Howker was then
called up by Sir Isaac Walpole. Several
weeks since Brother Howker signed a paper
recommending a certain b and of stove
blacking, and sold the maker the right to
use his picture on the package. This is in
violation of by-law No. 17, and Howker was
suspended for six months and fined $600.
Sir Isaac desired to appeal in his behalf.
The suspended brother lived next door to
him, and the way he took on o' nights kept
his neighbors awake. He had lost flesh at
the rate of a pound a day, and his lamily
were greatly concerned for his health. The
fine hung over him like a ten-ton grindstone,
and his suspension seemed more than he
could bear.
"Whar am Bradder Howker jist now f'
asked the president.
"In de aunty-room sah."
"You kin bring him in."
Brother Howker was brought in. He had
tightened up his
belt to the last
notch, so as to ap
pear fearfully
emaciated, and
walked with a step
which seemed to
prove -that this
vain world had no
further charms for
him.- He also man
aged to get off
three or four
groans which seem
ed to come from
dowi among the
shoo pegs.
"Brudder How
ker,' said the presi
dent, "friends have /
interc~led in your
behalf.: and I hev - 5
decided to remit
your fine and rein- 'BRUDDaER' HOWKER.
state you as an
active member of dis club. Doan let dis sol
emn warnin' go unheeded. From dis time
out I want to see you a changed man. You
kin now take your accustomed seat behind
de stove, an' I'd advise you to let dat belt
out about two inches afore it cuts you in
t wo.
"SamueliShin will now sound de triangle
to bring dis meetin' to a stop, an' befo' lock
in' de alley doah he will see dat de b'ar
traps am properly sot to embrace any vile
pusson who may seek to enter do hall by
dat route."
Weather Prophet of Delaware County.
For more than thirty-five years preceeding
the establishment of the weather bureau by
the gosernment Isaac Yocum, of Paschal
ville was the rcognized weather prophet for
the people of Delaware county. If the breast,
bone of the goose, the hog's melt, the ground
hog and other well-established weather sign
corresponded with Isaac Yocum's predictions.
well and good; if not, they were at fault that
year and everybody so understood it. Mr.
Yocum was gathered to his fathers soon after
the establishment of the weather bureau de
partment, but were he living to-day he would
say in his jocular way: "Every snow this win
ter will be a rain."
Weather Solon Yocum was a butcher, and
one of his theories respecting the weather was
the set of the wind at the turn of the seasons.
If, for instance, during the season of the fall
equinox--say from Sept 15 to '22--the wind
was generally in the east, shifting southward
and finally clearing up by shifting round to
the souhtwest, thento northwest, Mr. Yocum
would make a contract at a very low figure to
pasture cattle on the Hog island pasture lands
until about Dec. 20. He would take a run
through Delaware eointy, purchase a large
number of thin cattle at low prices and would
invariably have three months of warm
weather and the best of pasture for his cattle,
which he would fatten and sell at high prices.
During the winter solstice, along about the
20th of December of 1885, the wind hung
around the southeast and fdally veered to
northwestward and back again by the south
ward, thus betokening, according to the
Yocum theory, which invariably held good
thirty years ago, a warm winter, with much
more rain than snow, and, when three or four
days of cold weather overtook us, to be fol
lowed suddenly by warm spells.-Philadelphis
Times.
A Whole Dsme Novel In Fifteen Lines.
A Shoshone Indian just in from Big Horn
reports finding, about two weeks ago at the
base of a precipice, the skeleton of a man
and a silver-tip bear. The bones lay within
each other's embrace, and the living bodies
had evidently clasped in a death grip, fallen
from the dissy edge far abov. The bones
of the man were herculean in eise, and the
silver-tip, or Rocky mountain grizzly, had
been one of the largat of its kind. Both of
the powerful frames were badly broken,
and bear and man were doubtless inStantly
killedby tih fienrl fall A raucy hnting
knitfa with a b aebors handle lay ausi4 the
rits of ts grissly; t b e ds Lrive boma
-Chqsae(W. Tribine
TERMS -INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
Ou Year ............... ...........'....) Cp
ilx Months ..................................... t .)
'Thec Months .................................. 1 (to
When not paid in advance the rate will be Fit- e
Dollars per year.
NUWSPPPER DECISIONls.
1. Ary one who takes a paper reaularly from h
Piet.lmce-whether directed to his name or another's
or whether he has sbsecribed or not--Is responsible
for the payment.
2 It a person orders his paper diseontuned, be
must pay allurrearsees, or the publisher will con
lintle to Pedn it until payment in made and collect the
wbo'camount, whether thepaper it taken from th
,f rec or not.
3. Thecourtshavedcrirhkd that trtesir' to3 tLak
the newspapers or periodicals trom the Portotlece or
removing and leaving thent uncalled for, is prima
f.cis evldence of inteIntional fraud.
Papers ordered to any address can be changed to
anstrher address at t he option of the ssbecriber.
Remlttances by draft, chjck, money order, or relis
rer,d letter may te sent at our rlk. AllPoetmaster,
are required to register letters on appliheation.
A LITTLE LECTURE ON FACES.
What Noses Mean and What China In
dicate-Eyes and Aps.
"If Cleopatra's nose had been a quarter
of an inch shorter it would have changed
the face of the whole globe," said Ednlund
Russell the other night, quoting a French
writer. Then he drew the outlines of three
chins on the blackloard-the normal; the
projecting, which accomplishes saul, t uing in
the world; the retreating, which bilougs to
people who may be good thinkers and good
critics, but who never amount to much be
cause they lack physical energy. He also
drew mouths that expressed the meaningless
society smile, that is often accompanied by
a tired expres ion of the eyebrows, thus pre
senting a facial contradiction.
A long upper lip often goes with energy,
unless the individual be coarse and lacking
in other characteristics, when it expresses
mere doggedness The normal mouth, that
would be found in a boy, may tighten
into a line, indicating mentality in
the course of ten years, or it may droop and
soften and project, indicating sensuality.
As man differentiates from low to higher
types the features develop their special ex
pression. In low types the nose is flat, like
that of an animal, and the face is broad. In
high types the face reaches up into the
spiritual and elongates.
All expression starts from the normal and
that is most capable of expression. A man
who habitually diverges from the normal
becomes one-sided. The mouth emphasizes
the expression of the eye, as in surprise.
Great poets, great artists and great lovers
never lose their childlike expression of won
der. Mental expression is concentric; physi
cal expression eccentric. Ruskin says that
"the thinking man turns himself into a two
edged sword, to cut, while the receptive
man turns himself into a four-cornered
sheet, to catch. "-Brooklyn Eagle.
A Wooden-Legged Man's Joke.
speaking of wooden legs, there is an
old soldier employed in the government
office in this city who has had some ex
perience with an artificial limb, his meat
one having been taken off at the knee.
Among the most amusing was one with a
sleeping-ca:' porter. This pampered rail
way tyrant rarely earns his quarter all
'round by his pretense of blacking shoes
and flipping dust from his victim's back,
but it is the habit of this wooden-legged
man to utilize the darky in taking off
that leg and making him earn his hire.
On one train he struck an uppish sort of
a porter-a brother to the insufferable
swell who sings out "last call for dinnah
in the dinning cah?" That darky stood
around with a languid dignity that
would that would make a street-corner
dude sick at heart.
The man with the wooden leg made up
his mind he would "wake that nigger
up" before he shipped in his quarter.
He told a couple of men in the car his
purpose, and they joined in with him.
He wears his shoe firmly fastened to the
wooden leg, having no need to remove it,
and having fallen once from a loose shoe.
After his berth had been made up he
went to the dressing room and unstrap.
ped his leg, keeping hold of the strap,
and then got to his berth. Then he
called the porter. "I've got rheumatism
and can't bend oA-er," he said, "and I
wish you'd pull off that shoe." The por
ter untied the shoe and tried to pull it
off, but it wouldn't come. "Pull hard,"
said the passenger. The darky gave it
another pull: "Oh, brace against the
berth and pull," said the passenger, The
porter had blood in his eye. He put his
foot against the berth ::nd pulled like a
dentist. The passengar let go the strap
and the darky fell back with the shoe
and the leg. "My God! You've pulled
off my leg'!" shrieked the passenger. The
porter dropped it, and with his eyes bulg
ingandhis teeth chattering, he broke
from the car. He concealed himself in a
corner of the baggage car, and pretty
soon the two other conspirators came in,
pretended they didn't know where he
was, sat down on a trunk and talked over
the awful condition of the man whose
leg had been pulled off, and about the
penalty the darky would have to suffer
if he should be caught. The porter was
of no service to anybody that night, even
after they explained the joke to him.
Milwaukee Sentinel.
The Southern Negro Farm Laborer.
The married negro farm laborer is a
much better fellow than his single broth
er. The latter is more of a nuisance than
a help. When you hire him he will
cheerfully attach his valuable autograph
-middle name X-to any ironclad con
tract you may draw up, and as cheerfully
break said contract the next day, if it
suits him so to do. He is surly, insolent
and disobedient. He demands a holiday
every Saturday. Nearly every night,
when he should be wrapped in sleep,
dreaming of unlimited 'possum and roast
'taters, he is prowling over the country,
on amorous thoughts intent. In conse
quence thereof he appeals the next
morning half asleep, and fulfils his daily
task in a slipshod manner. Should he be
plowing in the field and a strange negro
be seen passing along the road, he will
arrange it so that they meet at the fence,
and an hour or-more will be given up to
intellectual conversation. Doubtful
points in political economy and theology
are settled, and after a brilliant inter
change of ideas Sambo will resume his
reluctant work.
Never cross him if you can avoid it.
He will submit to no dictation. You
must always be polite, even obsequious
to him. He is a strick stickler for eti
quette, and will leave you in a moment
If you infringe on his self-esteem. Insult
him and he has a covert revenge. He is
too shrewd to resent openly. To get even
with you he will put pounded glass or
poison in the feed-box, and the soul of
some valuable horse or mule will wing
its way to the land of somewhere, re
gardless of your weeping and wailing.
Or some dark night he will put fre in
your sunburnt fields. At times he may
pen your pet cow in a corner, and upon
the poor dumb beast vent his ill-nature
through the persuasive influence of a
broken fence-rail. I can imagine nothing
crueler than the ordinary negro. All
this is probably the result of teaching of
years of slavery.
Where a large number work together
they get along better. They love to work
side by side and keep up a constant noisy
chatter. Best of it all is where families
are employed. There is then some at
tachment to the soil they eultivate. The
female portion do the washing for the
planter, and by a liberal use of potash
to save labor-a renewal of linen is made
necessary about four times a year.-Live
Oak (Fla.) Cor. New York Sun
A Mexican Voleano in Litigation.
The ancient volcano Popocatapeti has
got into the courts. Not that it has been
boldly transported into the halls of liti
gation, but it is the subject of a novel
puit at law. For many years Gen. Ochoa
has been the owner of the volcano, the
highest point of land in North America,
together withall its appurtenances. The
crater contains a fine quality of sulphur,
which the general has been, extracting,
giving employment to Indians who cared
to stay down in the vaporous old crater.
The property was at one time fairly
profitable, but now it appears that the
volcano was, some time ago, mortgaged
to Mr. Carlo Recamley, who brings suit
of. fo.eclosure. The papers have been
joking about the matter, some asking
-what Mr. Recamier intends to do with
his volcano when he gets legal peesie.io.
He bqi.e solemnly warned- that the
law forbids the carrying out of the coun
try of ancient monuments and objects of
historical interest' -Probably there are
preeedentsin law for thefofeeleoing of
rollcaAe property, but, yo nor I -have
never heard of thes betfore.-Mxeioo
Letter.
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