Newspaper Page Text
RATEB OF ADVkal1lnta.
S. .......... . 5 6 10- 1; 7 1 5 0 417 8 12 14 20 8s 48 oth ........... 8 10 14 16 26 88 55 ...... ' 12 18 24 85 60 75 , . ............ 912 15 22 80 0 100 S .... " 5 25 "5 60 75 100 160 1i ar ....... 16 540 55 70 90 140 250 R.olanr advertising payable qgartsrly, as due. "r7nlient advertising payable in advance. 'd,.ial Notices are 50 per pent. 'lore than reg. 11:tr advrcrtisements. b .,al advertIsing. 15 cents isr the first insertion; 0 rents per line for each ancceeding Insertion; init counted in Nonparlel measure. J.b Work payable on delivery. PROFESSIONAI. CARDS. ATTORNEYS. A. S. HIGGINS. \T :N;,:Y-A i-TAW , Vl ti ci c. in all the" Courts of the Territory 718 U. 3. O'BANNON, blol Aon t a Attorney i)er lodaCe, - Mont ana. -o G. A. KELLOGG, County Surveyor, Civil Engineer and U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor, Deer Lodge, - * loatana. Office with 0. B. O'Bannon. Orders for Sur veys of Mineral and Agricultsral Lands will re ceive prompt attention. Ordes tp e beleft pwit Mr. O'Bannonin my absenc4. 519. JOHN R. EARDLEY, NOTARY PUBLIC, CONVEYANCER. AND t'NITED STATES LAND AGENT, Willow Glen P. 0. - - Montana. Ho8 H, B. DAVIS, lCil Engineer, Deputy l. S. Mineral Srneyor IEDER LODGE, M. T. IQ-'Office at the Court House, with Probate Judge. 832 DAVIS <& BENNETT, ASSAYERS, BUTTE - - - MONTANA. PRICES-Gold & Silver............... 2 60 Silver ............................ 00 Copper................... ....... 3 00 W"ample- sent by mail promptly attended to PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS. A. II. MITCHELL, M. D. GEo. C. DOUOL , M. D. I'CBHELL & DOUGLAS, Physicians and Surgeons, DERlR LODGE, MONTANA. Prompt attention given profcesionall calls in town snid surrounding country. OFFI( E--OPPOSITE TIIE SCOTT HOUSE. 85!9 JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D., Physician and Surgeon, Office-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Deer Lodge, - Monlsiann. Calls in town or country will receive prompt at entiLon. 648 DR. H. H. WYNNE, HELENA, MONTANA. Eye, Ear and Throat Surgeon, Receni oilendant upon the large eye, ear and throat h4ospitals of Euroe, (Vienna, Berlin, Paris, Lolnde a nd Edinburgh ) the eye, ear .ad throat a. epecial and exclusive practice. ;pcctial -' ecientlficAll y fitted to the eye. t('rarrh of the Inose and throat successfully treated. iOF 'J'E--JACKSON STREET. 859 lyr HERBERT HOLLOWAY; Veterinary Surgeon. 15elipty Territorial Veterinary Surgeon, Having located in Deer Lodge will promptly attend all calls for diseased stock. Refers to Phil. E. Evans, W. B. Miller, S. E. Larabie and others. Charges reasonable. .12tf BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CL.ARK, S. E. LARABIE, VLARK g LARABIE, BA iN Z ERS, DEER LODCE, M. T. Lo a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on Ait? tne Principal CltUes of the World. 4UEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. Fir, lational Bank, New York, N. Y. First National fankI IE ILl4'A, - MONTANA. Paid up Capital . ..$500.000 Surplus and Profits $325,000 R. T. itYSE, - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President. ", W. K:NIGHT. Cashier. T. If. KLEIiNSCHIDT, - Ass't0uh. o ESItGNATaD DaPO.ITRor or THIU UNITBD STAT$US We, rasack greneral Banking bsainaM.asndbj. at Chest rates. Gold Dust, Coin, Go!d and Silver Bwl oua :.1 Louc:al securities; Sell Exchange and Tele t* hic tsjban aaidlahle in all parts eitbe United S itep. the Canadat. Great Britain, Irolanid ain the C mtinent. Co.Luowrro's made and procsedrerlmted Peomptly. I Tireo )rs. t. T. HAU$ER. TORN CURTIN A. M. HI)LTRH, R. S HAVIL.TON. JOLIN II. MING., C, P. HIGOIMS. R 4'. K'oItFT, A. D. DAVIP. T. C. I'OW E . H.M. PARCH RN, T H K.RINtCHMI1'T 1(18 2313 ODR DI, MONTANA, Sam. Scott, Proprietor. Bur( Peray $2. SilC IIs, 50c. THE FAVOR1ITi SALOON PET$RSON & COMNIFF; Proi r. Main & Second. PEER LODGE. Thoroughly Oyerhnuled. i¶epaired and enovsated. A11 Drinks and Cigars, 12 1-2c Each. Ph. Best's Miiwankeo Beer ON TAP. ALWAYS PLBAdeRD TO 8~R OUR FtIEZDS. Job Wagon ani Teaming. I have X Job Wagon ion the streets of Deer Lodge dtiring workihg! hours every day, sad am prepaired to deIive Trunks or Plackage io antl from any reelunene promptly aa at teasouable rates. A'lo do heav7y tentiiig and .nJob auling at 10W rater. Leavea Od ., A. Klenschbaidt & CO'M. .. c 809 f tG -... OF, Tuii,. VOL. 17, NO. 32. DEER LODGE, M( TANXt"YE,"2 " 86. WHOLE NO 888. I6"JiR-- - ý ONE TOUCH OF NATURE. Cruel and wild the battle: Great. horses plunged and reared, And through dust-cloud and smoke-cloud, Blood-red with sunset's angry flush, You heard the gun-shot's rattle, And, 'mid hoof-tramp and rush, The shrieks of women speared. For it was Russ and Turkoman No quarter asked or given; A whirl of frenzied hate and death Across the desert driven. Look! the half-naked hordes give way, Fleeing frantic without breath, Or hope, or will; and on behind The troopers storm, in blood-thirst blind, While, like a dreadful fountain-play, The swords flash up, and fall and slay Wives, grandsires, baby brows and gray, Groan after groan, yell upon yell Are men but fiends, and is earth hell? Nay, for out of the flight and fear Spurs a Russian cuirjssier; Ii hfisg.'i a 4hild he bears, Her little foot bleeds; stern she stares Back at the ruin of her race. The small hurt creature sheds no tear, Nor utters cry; but clinging still To this one arm that does not kill She stares back with her baby face. Apart, fenced round with ruined gear, The hurrying horseman finds a space, Where, with face crouched upon her knee, A woman cowers. You see him stoop And reach the child down tenderly, Then dash away to join his troop. How came one pulse of pity there- One heart that would not slay, but save In all that Christ-forgotten sight? War there, far north by Neva's wave, Some Russian girl in sleep-robes white, Making her peaceful evening prayer, That heaven's great mercy 'neath its care Would keep and cover him to-night? -Anthony Morehead in The Century. The Celestials of New York. New York has quite a number of rich Chinamen, but there are many more of the poverty-stricken, vicious class who have hard work to keep the spark of life within themi. The better class and the married men remain on the Pacific coast as a rule. One seldpni sees a Chinaman with a mustache in that city. The hair of the face indicates whether John is child less or the proud father of an heir, male or female. A man may not adorn his upper lip with hair until he has a sob. A daughter coming subsequently entitles him to wear a full beard, although the whiskers of the Oriental are scraggy affairs. The advent of a baby girl at first born is regarded among the Chinese as a calamity. Wherever Chinamen obtain a residence the vicious and criminal secure a foothold. The Chinese quarter in New York is in Mott street, and a very large percentage of the Mongolians there obtain their living through running gambling games or keeping opium joints. Opium smoking is one of the bad habits which John takes with him wherever he goes, and which he introduces among his neigh bors to a greater or less extent.-New York Cor. Philadelphia Call. Appeals to the Lex Talionis. However barbarous may be the custom of dueling, as such, it is still a fact of his torical value that no dueling community ever yet failed to send out good soldiers in time of war. I have been told by old resi dents of Mississippi that the career of Mc Clung at first stiniularti app.als -to oih lex talionis, but that towards the last it acted as a deterrent example. The duel ceased to be a duel in the ordinary acceptation of the word and became a butchery. McClung, of course ran little or no risk, and it filled the public gener ally with a sickening contempt to realize that the leading men of Mississippi lived practically by the sufferance of a mad man. To refuse to fight a duel with him was, of course, out of the question. This was not allowed by the code. To fight him meant death. His skill with the pis tol was fully up to that of Dr. Carver or Buffalo Bill with the rifle, difference in weapons being considered. On one occa sion he killed a blackbird hopping about on the ground 20 yards distant.--Cor. At lanta Constitution. Inflamation of Transported Eggs. Soon after it became the practice to transport eggs in large quantities and to long distances by railway trains it was found on their arrival that adhesion had taken place between the membranes of the yelk and those of the shell, so that the yelk could not be turned out of the shell unbroken. On examination by experi enced pathologists this was found to be the result of true intlammation; the mate rial of the adhesion was found to be pre cisely the same as that of the plastic exu dation in inflammation of the lungs or bowels. Structureless and unorganized as it seems, the egg, even when fresh laid, is a living being, andl capable of disease from external causes. The cause of this inflam mation is undoubtedly the shaking and friction from the motion of the cars, and it can not but render the eggs more or less unhealthyas tile products of imfiammation can never be as salmt.ary in food as theie of healthy growth.-Chicago News. The Largest Business in the WTorld. Alfred Krupp owns probably the largest business in the world dependent on one in dividual. The works within the tbwn of Essen occupy more than 500 acres, half of which are under cover. According to as census taken in September, 1881, the num of hands employed by Mr. Krupp was 19, 605, the number of their families~ 45,776, making 65,381 persons supported by his works. Mr. Krupp owns 547 iron minesin Germany. He owns four sea steamers, and there are connected with his Essen works 42 miles of railway, employing 2 loeomotives and 883 cars, 69 horses with 191 wagons, and 40 miles of telegraph wires, with 35 stations and 55 Morse appa ratuses. The establishment possesses a grand chemical laboratory, a photographic and lithographic atelier, a printing otfice with three steam and six hand presses, and a bookbinding room. The establish ment even ruis a hotel in Essen.-New Y'rk Sun. º U the itland or 5trduEnda.. One of the strauget communities in the world lives on the island of Redonda, which is one of the British West Indies, between Nervis and Moatserra& Is is very rocky and barren, and contains ie vegetation, but has extensive mines of phosphate of allumina and iron. Aboot fitty men work in these mines, they teing the only Ip sons on the island with the exception o. tue foreman's wife. ' Le+r r"toy isio.is have to e brought from Nervis and Montserrat in small boata 'The meat lie in small, wooden hut; built for the purpose. The climate of Hte fonds is beautiful and health:ul, and the working men enjoy perfect health. The harLor is excellent and well protected, the hihest point on the island being 1,0) feet above the level of the sea.-Foreign Letter. The Htalanee Was Daly Entered. The sixth auditor received a funny letter from a man in southern Missouri, who had been on a postmaster's bond the~ The books of the treasury showed that this post, master owed the government I cent The bondsman Inclased the t.ent sand requested that he be relleed frottl e b eo L -The balance was strit'kd and t s Ifndud.n i'e ieved.--Chicago Times The Witae.s' Kepttatlat fo Teraelty. Lawyer-r"o you know tbt W~itness who his usb esppes- Alwn, Mr` Rebibnso ' Wtuese--Yes, sir. ")o you think he would ever tell an uutruthfr "Tell an untruth! Why, thit man would wear to a New YOrk paper's edrenlo .t sidait-l1Utburý Ch,.nile. ___._ aflp e R tt the' %ess. Verne-It's a oed be for . p os Emily 1 ' ally-- 't om aed bs . ar hewt -YC-.~~rPu~e'e r bsr~Ci CAREER OF A COUNTRY BOY. WVhat Energy, Industry and Integrity Can Accomplish In Our Day. One of the very best examples of the pos sibilities within the reach of a young man is found in the brief life of a country boy, whose career is attracting the admiration of those among whom he has risen. It proves that a man of integrity can attain a fortune through honest hard work. Of this man Harper's Weekly says: Mr. Maurice Bennett Flynn will not be 40 years of, age until two years from Nov. 3 next He certainly in herited no fortune, being one of six children born to Patrick and Mary Flynn in the little village of Malden, Columbia county, in this state, and when, at the age of 17, he arrived in New York city his cash capital consisted of $37. These facts make the statement that his fortune is estimated at from $1,030,000 to $1,500,003 one of con siderable interest With the exception of a "year's schoolirg" at a Catholic school in Troy, miuch .ed atiaaý ii% lsll; : it thea- tielti`is val" in .Kw York had been picked up by his own unaidel efforts. MAURICE B. ! LYNN. Upon his arrival in New York he took the frst employment he could find, which proved to be in a small grocery in Williamsburg. He subsequently became "timekeeper" at the Novelty Iron works, and then learning that a firm of iron manufacturers were in need of a book keeper, he boldly applied for the situation, and although he knew scarcely anything of the requirements of the position, succeeded in obtaining and holding the place at a salary of $8 a week. Within a very short time his salary had been nearly doubled. His executive ability was speedily recognized, and when, in 1867, the junior member of the firm died, the sole manage ment of the details of the business was in trusted to young Flynn. Two years later he was given a small interest in the firm, and on May 1, 1870, was admitted to the firm as an equal partner. During all taes3 years he had been assidu ous in his studies. He lived in Brooklyn, but regularly for several years at:ended the night school at Cooper Union, and being quick to learn, rapidly acquired a fair knowledge of the French, German and Spanish languages, which he has since mastered, besides devoting himself to the study of mechanical draw.ng and elocution. In 1578, Mr. Flynn, three days before election, declared himself to be a candidate for the assembly on the Democratic side of politics and was elected to represent the Thirteenth and Fourteenth wards of Brook lyn d.AfootintlCgs th ular- -otwe"au .,i t" inee by a large plurality. At the conclusion of his term he was re-elected. It cannot be seen that Mr. Fiynn's entrance into politics has affected his business in any way. It is at least not neglcted. He has proved himself to be a man of such remark able executive ability that he can attend to many and varied interests with unusual ease. He is now lookedl upon as one of the leading contract rs of New` York. On a recent trip abroad. Mr. Flynn carried among other letters of introduction one from President Cleveland to Pr. sident Grevy, of France. Three tears ago Mr. F-nun mar ried the daughter of Treasurer Moss, of Wallack's theatre. If his health is spared, his future sareer will be worth watohin , VALE'S NEW PRESIDENT. Profess.or Timothy Dwight. i Vho Sue. ceeds Noah Porter. Professor Timothy Dwight, who was re c ntly elected to succeed Noah Porter as president of Yale, is the grandson and name sake of a president of Yale, himself a grin luate an-I successively a tutc? and pro- . fes or of the college. Thus is he identified Ly inheritance and by long service with its his:ory, its traditions, its growth, airs, weaknesses and needs. He has been asso cidt -d with most of the successful endeavors to e;lrichl thi equipment and the treasury of the ins. :itution. and has a p1rfect under stau lin of its financial requirements. TIMOTHY DWIGHT. Dr. Dwight i+ 58 years old, and is the son of James Dwight, who , married Busan Breen, accumulatel a fortun' in business and sent his son to Yale with the c'ass that was graduated in 1849 Ent3rinv the theo logical school in 1851 he was licensel to preach in 1855, and in 1856 he went to Europe and continued his studies at the universities of Bonn an 1 Berlin. Returning to the United States in 1858 he was ap pointed Buckingham professor of sacrel iftei athre 1n the Yale theological depart= ment, In 1861 be was ordained to the minis try. and in 1880 he received the degie3 of P. D. from the Chicago theological semin try. lie was a m bsmheb of the committee for the revision of the English version of the Bible in 1873 and 1874. and since 1866 he has elle a.sociate ed.tor of The N .w E irlander, to wh:eh be contributed a paper in 1871 on "1'ha True Ideal of an American University for the future of Yale College." Professor Dwight m a believer in the e'ect ive system. and is expected to be liberal in his icas ot a university course. He is popu lar among the sti. e::ts. and is favorably known as a speaker, being a man muobh sought after at banqustmt Hit means being ample, his salary as a professor has been given regularly to the theological school In 1866 Professor Dwight married Jane W. Skinner, of New Haven. Their two ch Idren are Helen Root, born in 1868, and Winthrop B Iwards, born in 181 To Diamlnish the Notise e Anvils. If it is desirable to set up ananvil ac that its use will make the least possible nolse, set the anvil on a block of lead, or make a putty ledge around the anvrs upon the wooden block ~m-blalf inch dear all round, one Sch high. Rltae the ani clear of the block, oarba. inch, by any neans available, po.r la the 1a until it rises above the bottomlef O ill;or set the anvil on gsmod, -led tt ý t held in a box.-SelenltfC Ammaasmu_" The Areshdtk in iaewr d ' s tIMesatory. The Archdulke C'has fe eI Ba varia, brothet at the*Ni a alas.a will study t_ . Piteueenl latt,. rat hI rii iesbe Vfls t bb wife, w b Absto il? AN EX-MAYOR'S 1)IET. HON. JOHN WENTWORTH, OF Ct CAGO LECTURES ON HYGIENE. 'Long John's " Lease of Life--" ast When Yon're Hungry, Drink When Ye.. Thirsty, Sleep Wheni Sleepy"-A Britt Discourse on Drinks--Baths The Hon. John Wentworth sat at .kle ecruer of a pretty little table sipp - Rhine wine and listening to the chattei | the fair dames and damsels arra about him, Mr. Wentworth prides h self on longevity, and when a fr faced maiden in a red bodice asked "how he managed to live yollng so lo the ox-mayor rubbed his long, beaiht hands together, threw' his shoulde T "Well, it's a continued story. Many cantos to it as there are to 'Childe Harold.' But the final is, I ain't going to get o(d while I live, and l'm inot going to stop living. This world is a plretty nice sort of a place. It suits me; I like it, and I've made up my mind to stay here. People have no business being ill; needn't be, if they only live right." "Do tell us what you mean by living right?" was the next question, that came from the group in concert. "Ah, now you've got me. Well, I'll tell you how I manage, but it won't fit lour cases, I know, for you women folks aren't like anything else on earth." Without heeding the "ohs!" of expostulation , and remonstrance, Mr. Wentworth delivered the following little lecture on hygiene, which was made the subject of conversa tion for a whole hour of the reception. M.EALS WHEN YOU WANT THEM. He said: "I never was one of your bell livers. I never did and never will live on time. Got no use for call-bells, dinner bells, or alarm clocks, and I believe they do more for the general slaying of health and killing of people than either gluttony or intemperance. Now, my doctrine is this, eat when you're hungry, drink when you're thirsty, sleep when you're sleepy. and get up when you're ready. "Why, if I had been rung up the morn ing and rung to my meals as some people are I'd been dead years ago. No, ladies the way you want to do, if you want to live and go to all the afternoon receptions and old settlers reunions, is to have your meals when you want them, and have what you want." "I get up in the morning when I am ready, Sometimas at 6, sometimes at 8, sometimes I don't get up at all. Then I have my breakfast if I want it. If my ap petite don't get round, I don't have any. What's the use eating if I'm not hungry? I know I can have it; its there; but if I don't need it, why I don't go down, that's all. Eat? oh any thing I feel like. Eggs, fish, chop or so, potatoes, toast, fruit, tea and buckwheat cakes." "No coffee? nor biscuits?" was asked in a chorus. "No coffee. Coffee makes you yellow, and I don't want to be taken for a Mon golian. Don't eat biscuits, 'cause they're always hot, and I don't like hot bread." "But buckwheat is the worst kind of diet for a careful liver," came. from a willowy creature. "Yes, but I like buckwheat cakes. Just set 'em afloat in a stream of country maple anu an ell you nleree -.no.usg-wu ua.' 'em." "For dinner?" "Dinner when I'm ready, and that is when my appetite is sharp as yonder dude's nose. No, don't worry me a bit when noon comes and I see the people rushing pell-mell into restaurants and lunch-shops. I dine when I get hungry, and as I'm a working man I have no time to waste thinking about it. Perhaps I dine at 2 or 4 or not until 6 or 8, and when I do I have what's good-soup, fish, roast or stew, plenty of vegetables, bread, rice, bread pudding or such, for I don't lean heavily on pie and dumplings, and Rhin4 wine." A BRIEF DISCOURSE ON DRINKS. A J$KICk V1CCUUK(JIE N DI(1 5. For the benefit of the W. C. T. U. ele ment the ex-mayor explained that he used to entertain quite a fancy for whisky, but the stuff was too powerful and he cut loose. "After I gave up whisky I took to champagne, and, by gracious! how I did like to drink the stuff, though! But the doctor told me I was getting kidney trouble, and I had to give up that pleas ure; and ever since I have been drinking this clear Rhine wine. It don't do any hurt, and I feel first rate. No; never drink beer. It's nasty stuff: makes you soggy and fat and lazy, and I don't want to be either." "No, young women, wine is not a neces sity to any one. I could have just as good health without it; but I don't take any other kind of stimulant but tea-and you know a fellow has to have some bad habits about him, and tea is a;; sinless as butter milk. Water? Yes, gallons of it; but not this lake stuff-Waukesha; have it deliv ered at my room every week, and drink two or three gallons a day." "Supper? Well, I'm not a maniac on suppers. If I have a late dinner I don't want-anything else to eat untilnextmornl inn, but if I dine anywhere about noon I regale on tea, a salad of fricasse, toast, sauce and a bit of cheese." To a myriad of inquiries Mr, Wentworth said that hotel life is the best calculated to bring out the individualities of a man as there and only there is liberty hall to be found. "In a private home man is subor dinate to the whims and foibles of a cook and housemaid, but where I live I am ruler of my own destiny and if there is any falling in line the house does it, not I. For instance, you people have to eat your meals when they are ready or go without, while my meals are ready when I order them. If I foolishly go to bed before I man sleepy I just get up again, turn on the gas, ring for a paper or new publication and read till I get tired. Fancy your husband humoring himself in that luxurious fash ion." Touching the subject of baths, he said he took a wash when he needed it, but didn't believe in soaking and steaming his life out on a marble slab as fishiomiables of the present day were doing.-Inter Ocean. A Wonderful iSpritg in Florida. "The finest spring of: water I ever saw," said a passenger from "lorida, "is down in Hernando county, on time gulf side. The land is high and rolling, and not flat and swampy, as the mast of Flori.l: i . and as most. folk think it all is. Tile Wekowechee river in that county is twelve miles long, and about the prettiest stream I ever saw. It is made entirely by cne spring, and this spring is sixty feet in diameter. You can row a boat right into it, but you can't make a boat stay in the center, as the force of the waters risial throws it gently to one side. A small steamer can navigate the river, whose banks are high and covered with foliage. The :spring has the pirest water that ever flowed out of the earth. It is seve.aty feet Ftq.blottom, and yon can see a dlime titw there just as plarh as you can in a glas of water. In the river you can see ilse twenty rods sw . Not the sllghtest tviae of oaganic mater can be found in tke spring water. T river and spring, ,4. the way, have beep purchased g ,tiy two .(,h o gentle men. They got soi.e ,! acres of land thre for so. ethinag.l lge,' asu4. they will'make a fortune onut` at it. 'It is the asp beabntitMl sprlang mn Ameris.'--Chl tag Herald "Train Talk. The newspapers o svianxlma to uirforeg that. that section of the stat * a- I l 1a4 Asireeent thb`- w j the saothern part of the state bt its dihd retiages of cliuate ru.a UnteBa to th, tolsgomline.--Ch(.MTsge + , United Stat rep ur S1 gbh regrets to al.q. ' l k o was a strtib 0n 4' a genial friend V-., mpan 5k ut bnf 'a a '4 will f el more sincere sorrow over the news of his ill health than 1h- women employes of the treasury departm-nt, and in fact of the whole government For it was Gen. Spinner who broke down the barrier which prevented their performing c erical work for the gov ernment. This occurred during the war when the regular clerks were disappearing to enlist in the army, and it looked as if there were not going to be men enough to go around. Then it was that the chivalric Gen. Sp nner suggested to President Lincoln that an opportunity be given women to take the men's vlaces n here po sible. It is astonish ing when we look at it to think of the oppo sition this idea met with. But Spinner ga nel h s point, and the entree of women into the government service mly be looked upon as a "war measure" just as Ben Builer's suggestio.i to make the "darkies contraban& ' Gen. Spinner was born in New York state in 1893 His father was a clergyman and the cashier of tha Mohawk Val ey bank for twenty years. He gave his son a classical education. He learne I several trades and then embarked as a merchant He was ap pointed and held responsible positions in the New York custom house from 1845 to 1849. He was elected to the Thirty. fourth congress as an anti-slavery Democrat, and re-elected to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth congresses, though he was elected to the latter as a Republican. On March 16, 1861, President Lincoln appointed him treasurer of the United States, soon after which his wonder ful autograph on the paper money became a welcome visitor in the households of the land. This signature, which we reproduce in fac-simile, will always remain one of the curiosities of chirography. Since the gen eral's sojourn in Florida during the past ten years, it was remarked that the al ligators avoided his locality, Why this was could not be determined, until one day a large "gator" was noticed crawling out on the L..5- ~f a you where the ge."m ,- was hie ha bit, mmw.od his name with his cane in the soft mud. The alligator stopped when he came to the signature, looked at it in a puzzled sort of way and then dashed back into the bayou as if the mysterious hieroglyphics portended some terrible calamity for him, at least this is the way the story goes. Gen. Spinner retired to private life July 1, 1875. When he did so all the wealth in the United States treasury till had to be counted. Then it was that a deficiency was discovered amounting to one cent. To ac count for this a memorable recounting took place, requiring days upon days, until the missing cent was found and the general re tired from the treasury, leaving balanced books. The Casaadi a Cardinal. ARBCBISHOP TASCHEREAU. On the receipt recently of the announce ment that Archbishop Tascherau had been elevated to the honor of a placein the college of cardinals, the people of Quebec celebrated the event by pyrotechnic displays. Here as e sewhere throughout Canada commemo rative--ervius were held in- theb churchesto show their appreciation of their old prelate. The reason for it ill is that this kindly old man has, for the forty-four years that he has been a priest and shepherd among them, given his time, talents and even offered his life in their behalf One of his first acts after his elevation to the ministry was to give his services to the sick and dying in the hospitals of Grosse Isle. It was in 1847, when an epidemic of typhus fever in its most aggravated form broke out among the emigrants and they were dying by the hundreds in these hospitals. The young Father Tas cherean begged to be al lowed to minister to them. His wish was granted, and he himself contracted the awful malady. His life was spared, though, to offer it many times since to the service of the needy. Father Tascheresa'sself-sacrifce was all the more commendable from the fact of his distinguished family connections. His mother was from the Panet family, and his own name is one of the most distinguished in lower Canada, hes father was a leading n:ember of paalnsient. iis brother, Jean Thomas Taschereau. was on the supreme court bench of Canada. His nephew EHsear is at present on the bench of that court, another nephew, Henri T., being a judge of the superior court of Quebec, and a third, L niere, is a member of the Canadian com mons. Cardinal Tascberean was born near Que 1 ee. He is now in his 88th year. He was orda'.ned a priefi at tha age of 22. He war subsequently appointed professor of mental philosophy, director of studies and superior of the Seminary of Quebec. He was made professor of canon law in Laval university in 18-l, and administrator of the diocese in 1870. He was ,onsecrated archbishop of Quebec March 19, 1871. He stands high in his church as a th.oloian. His cardinaP: buretta arrives about June 10, and is tbh offcial insignia of the privilege which bhe now has ti v it ne fuor or even tecoming the succasoi.lf QiW ` l1 atas pouE tlu. Chin. an Artistic Luxury. Nothing is relq sld blue china can beh "picked up"' in London forJess than "5 Blue china, like old pictures y old mapsters, be: undnritood, never goes a begtig, time Oijyalds $a it mba alu ad fasciatjon for the :n .... It is said tiha rich AaslsaqP s Lave a as.td the Loadon marketo o this treiaure and anthear ·asisi luxury. Spanish leather be been called for Matil andeut EHfllina is n longer able to supply the dtand for the treasure. Skil ft f iwLtattors in .i.r are doing tbeir bess, howe.r to, mahle gpod this sat delciency. , -LPst a Herald "ic-waahia machnsses sa hali'nus i b *llb Mglginagat inArf eiaknd - ravel Mat doa Set pay ee )j of ts- u'mstr ,b Sisni e heheg washed ,. ~$ R1S IN BRAZIL. M II EXP.RINCE AS RELATED IN 7 ". ME SARY OF A LADY. i Hi p.ne. Insthe Wilderness of Lagae du s rr;aao--irection of Hopto--. i ouep I y yof the Natives-Produel of1 SLwa tellipg you of the settlement of the t: !AI#. wa 4elil Norte" on the Lagado du .parauao, frovincio du Espirito Santo, -a AVVWe arrived there about the last o ne, 1867. We rented a most com fortable house of four rooms, two of which had board floors, which was quite a lux ury,lqr' e pe~! r month--about $2 of oar ey:.h less fortunate, Amckrical settlers who had preceded us in the village of Linhares, until the men folk should go out prospecting, make choice ol their future homes, and settle a claim, each one being entitled to as much again land as he cleared and cultivated, and no one could turn him off his claim unless he were paid for it. If he wished more land he could buy it from the government at 22 cents per acre and pay for it in six years. The building sites were selected on the borders of the lake, some of the hills being so high they resembled mountains. There was a low range of mountains about four miles from the western shore of the lake. There were no roads or paths in the forest. In many places it was so dense that it was almost impenetrable. All traveling and visiting was done in canoes. Rude houses were erected by putting posts into the ground, using poles for the rafters, and then covering and weather-boarding were made of the palm, many bunches being tied together, and then tied to the rafters and sides of the house with a vine called sepoy, not a nail being used in the whole building. A mortar was then made and pounded down to make a hard, smooth floor. MAKING HOMES IN THE WILDERNESS. By the 25th of July nedrly all of us had settled down, and the men began clearing to plant. Lawyers, doctors, dentists, etc., laid aside their diplomas and entered into their new life with the proper spirit, fac ing the forest ax in hand, seemingly with the determination to succeed or die in the attempt. Again the Brazilians, many of whom in this community are of Indian descent, wel comed us with outstretched arms as it were. The wealthy would take turns and send a few slaves to help first one and then another settler. The poorer classes would visit us and bring as offerings of friend ship bunches of bananas, pineapples, a chicken, a few eggs, a bottle of milk and such things as they could spare and knew we could not get. All seemed interested and anxious to know how we Americans of the United States did things. Many things planted by the new settlers did not do well on ac count of the land having been so recently cleared. On old clearings everything that can be mentioned grew to perfection and in abundance, yielding more bountifully than the same things do in the United States, with the exception of corn, which did not yield so well in that vicinity, but does exceedingly well higher up the Done and also in other portions of the empire. - 'i--a .substitute in the Farinha du Mandioca. TIsans-at u]O .... ,w, .s .. . resembling the castor oil tree. The root, which is the edible portion, resembles the sweet potato, and is eaten by man, beast, and fowls and even fish, for the natives bait their hooks with it. THE PRODUCTS OF A PLANTATION. The national dishes are black beans, dried beef (which is shipped from Monteo video), and Farinha du Mandioca. We felt satisfied that the land in this vicinity is better adapted to the culture of sugar cane than anything else. It is said it will produce from 83,000 to 4,000 pounds to the acre with the aid of the hoe only-the plow had never at that time been used in this soil. I have seen on one of the farms of our neighbor, Senor Dom Raphael Pereira de Cavalho, cane twelve and fifteen feet high and two and one-half inches in diameter, which received no culture except from the hoe. Three crops can easily be made in twenty-four months. Cotton does well in other portions of the empire. Bananas grow in profusion and to perfection; one acre is said to produce 4,000 pounds. There is nothing better for hogs and chickens, besides being very wholesome and nutri tious for man. They bear one year after being planted, multiplying year after year, and I believe they never die out after they are once started. One year we all remained in this colony. One year we all remained in this colony. Sickness, failure of crops, etc., began to break us up; besides we had unfortunately made a bad selection. Most of our men knew more of the culture of cotton. con sequently it was an unwise step to go into a sugar raistng district. The professional men had been unwise to settle in a wilder ness. Many of them were young and un married, consequently had no one to cook, wash and attend to the household duties for them. Some decided to remain; and the agent stood by them another year, then had to bring them away, sending them down to San Paulo, in a cotton district where they became successful. Cor. New Orleans Times-Democrat. Crushed by the Weight of Logic. We have some of the biggest and hand somest theatres away off to the east or west of Broadway-half-price houses-and for one of these the heaviest rental forany play-house in town-385,000 per year-is paid. The audiences are not unanimously familiar with polites usages, and the ushers have to give and enforce instruc tfon. A tall girl and a short fellow sat to gether. She wore a flaunting construction in millinery and he had a plain Derby hat, which he made no motion to take off when the curtain went up. "Remove your hat, please," ordered the usher. "I ain't going to," defiantly replied the girl, never doubting that her own big new hat, on which her proud thoughts were- doubtless--entered, was the -object meant. "Certainly not," said the usher; "ladies can keep their hats on. I was speaking to the gentleman. Please remove your hat, sir." "No I don't, cully," retorted the young man. "' Tain't reasonable. You'rewillin' ter leave her hat up there." and he indi cated the extreme altitude of his compan. ion's crown and ribbons, "but want ter growl about mine down here," as he leased a little toward her to show that his brim was level with her shoulder. "You've got a right to use common sense, ain't yer?" The portion of the audience within hear ing laughed, the usher was rashed by the weight of logie, and the low hat temained protected by the exalted one throughout the evening.-"Durandal" in Cineinnati Enquirer. Robust Monhks ad Bi Blludgewus. Monks have become good fighters in Belgium. The Trappists In Chimay sent a petition that troops should be sent to their protection against robbers, and the general replied that eighty-four well-fed, robust a4onks, armed.with big bludgeons, ought to tb more than a match for any band of robbers. The monks took courage. at this, and upon the nextlttack scattered their assailants in all diratioeas--Chicag Tribune. A lotambl a ss. TSizts maM Theb dacbeps . Hamata le one oi the-: o s at l w I Englandh S hoe recentlfy t the honada-sld_.; elosely-throum gbot char of three h im, coterag twawenitb e mites of Icebergas have been sseno the L.abraor aast two miles leag ae Bet .ighe. I THE TERROR OF A CITY. n. Qaad- Dserikes Bqw a WVoman I'lota a Horse sad dBady. Between the *omau nwh wanders about the streets shoing a baby carriage before ha and the woman who drives a horse and buggy there is a choice. The baby carriage can sometimes be dodged, jumped over or got arL und. Yea can sometimes evade it by climbing a telegraph, pole or rushingpinto a basement If you are armed wits jctb and s can look ferocious the woman will sometimes turn aside and crpple some Sne else But for the woman who drives a horse and btggy -look out! I saw her start out the other day. When. the horse left the post thefl omas was look ing back to wave her hand it somebody, and the lines were on 1he dsibefl rd. There a sa an ice w'agoo comins up the street, but wave nu t and did. She was almsot re 4y to stopped. He had to. He had run plump into the ice wagon, and he couldn't climb over it. He couldn't climb over it. The woman picked up the lines, pulled on the "gee" and then on the "haw," ran the horse over the curbstone and twisted around a tree, and as she got into the street again she upset a swill c.irt with the off wheels and went her way with serene countenance. When she reached the avenue she was fuss ing with the lap robe, and the horse took a long turn. There was a street car passing, and if the driver hadn't put on the brake and turne I his horses across the track she must have beetn run down. It is doubtful itf she noticed the fact. Site pulled on one rein with both hands, to:d Dobbin to "git up," and finally got away on a straight line, on the wrong side of the street, of course A bick team crowdel her into the curbstone, but the smile never left her face. A milk wagon rubbed the fore wheel, and the milk man yelled at her, but she looked straight ahead. The horse finally crossed over to the other side on his own account, and the street car missed the hind wheel by such a close shave that half the passengers cried out in alarm All of a sudden the woman pulled hard on both lines and cried "Whoa!" She had been struck at sight of a new hat on a passing woman, and she wanted to see more of it. A grocer's delivery wagon was following clos3 behind, and the sudden stop brought about a crash. Horse, woman and phaeton were slewed around and almost upset, but the only one at all disturbed was the horse. He didn't seem to believe in sudden changes. He was hawed and geed and pulled into shape, and as he jogged along again the lines were dropped while the driver fussed with her hat Her buggy struck the nose of a horse against an express wagon-skinned along the side of a street car, and finally locked wheels with a beer wagon. Nothing was broken-nobody disturbed in mind or body. A harnessmaker backed her horse out and headed him down street, and the serene journey was again resumed, to be inter rupted on the next block by the animal bringing up against the back end of a farm er's wagon. "What in blazes-!" roared the farmer. But he stopped there. She had dropped the lines to tuck in the lap robe. Down at the next street three men stood talking. The phaeton crossed over and made a bee line for them and drove them off, and then crossed back and skinned along a pile of brick and drove four or ive stone cutters to jump for their lives. It was just half a block further that the horse was "hawed" to cross to a photograph gallery. Vehicles were crossing in a mob. A private carriage was stopped dead still, a fishman's cart backed intoa sand team, and a plumb er's horse given a setback to last him for a month. But retribution was at hand. A two-horse dray caught a hind wheel of the phaeton and wrenched it off, and drove splinters into the pavement. , Some one held the horse, and some one else helped the woman out, and when she had surveyed the wreck she mildly observed: "I wonder how on earth that could pos sibly have happened, when I am such a good driver!" a give you rar warning. i saw nor at tie wagon shop yesterday bargaining for a new wheel She intends to drive out again. No arrangements can be made with the signal service man to hoist the danger signal when she starts out, nor will the police ride on ahead and clear the streets. The public must look out for Itself until the legislature again convenes and some law can be made to cover the casea-Detroit Free Press. Sunbeams. He hadn't attended divine services for a ong time, and when they reached the church he attempted to enter by the side door. "What are you doing, Johnl" inquired his wife; "that is the side door." "Certainly," he replied, "It's Sunday, isn't its The front dear is locked and-oh-" sud denly interrupting him.nalf-"oh, of course, certainly, what am I thinking about? I was under the impression that-that-" "Sh! that's enough," said his wife, and then she led him into church, A TRIP ABROAD. Jones-Are you going to Europe, Brown? Brown-Yes. Jeone-Take your wife with yout Brown-No.. She is not very well, so I shall leave her at homa Jones-What are you going over fort Brqwn-For my health. AGREEABLY DISAPPOINTED. "Ar-you glad-to see me, -BobbyP -asked the bishop, on his sem!-annual visit to the parish. "Oh, yes," said Bobby, "'cause we always have a good dinner when you come. But I didn't expect you." "Nor "Na I thought you'd go somewhere else, 'cause ma said yesterday that it was about time some rther imember of the church ,f fered to entertain you." A SEVERE CASE or SDYCOrr.tO. "Mistah Suzarsand," said Uncle Ra'tus, "I want ter git er number one cod&Ih an' er ham an' two habs of soap an' foah proun,'s brown sugah an'--I reckon dat's all- an' yo' kin cha'ge 'om up to me." "I can't do it, Uncle ~aatu"s," "Hasn't yo' got de goodalr "Oh, yes;e Prvegot the good.. "I reckon I =ast g beea boycotted," rout tered the old man a- be tarted far thomd "D.re ought to be a law ain dis yere boycot. t'n', 'deed dare ought."-New Ycrr Sus. "Much Likedlby tiRtuls s Epicures. Grilled marrow, .V' a inpper c ish much liked by the epicurean New T:ork.ri They extract the marrow iroma the Lones by onaneo of a loa Slion~ shaped like a gouge, which It madeespeoay-- for the purpose, sad is thew easen,'xsnrsed with salt and peppep,upon . lices t £resh white bread. Chicago Times. Same T?,Ut eTw'r Ismduseae.e.d. To le EIxsglIsb 3 itj , Fpla , t call a marriq4t-*ar 5s "ceaT q" the engineer a. 6'4iritey rf#*;W thhra astoke7,* the brake oina 4gu s"' "shubt" ant a'dk a »is"tl he Itase i -luggage " Clanonam ·Ess 'atr. When in his olaee Attnel ey General Gar l~d wears a ed- ta ......... ..:_. .............. 1 o tladace trate willbe Five NEWSPAPUR DUCIBIONle L As.-.owho , a v. " fry to of Whi tý eesila Ord a Ois tespoen.ible fýoe p tA aotmel, h stsuw I in con welost, thepaper altakes gal th . Theowrtsharveede that eranla to take The u raci Nee u o E a Rtestlhborfe, or ++e. ass tuns .atblsel for, is prime t ender nd~· r tbe chang-- ed to Teidttser aams , Dely for a new trade, darý to~ belcplaL apt tphe toder A.GOoD TRADE FOR WOMEN.. The Cryng Neeld f a Neghboarceod Meader and-tawaer-A Hitt There was a call lately for a new trade, adapted to the owmplanitlee. of the modern city house---that of-,the universal tiaker. Now, with an extension of -the same idea Into the worman's kingdom, a correspondent sigls for a neighborhood darner. Most of us -oulJ agree as to the eonvenience; but the correpon.telat Was not perhaps aware that the system re ommended siain practi at operation i - Parrs In the family where our home wa si ben there, punctually. one day in the w.ek cam e la raecotsmodeuse, and, haviug stssc established lusa be k room and given a cup of cofee, set to work on therruin treu children and an impatient man had wr u he. She had for her pains her meals and o cents a day, and she had beyond the daily franc. To some she gave but half a day; but matters were so systematized that she was rarely without work. Very convenient the American boarder found her for the ripping and cleaning of old gowns and the darning of hose, which in her devotion to the monu ments of Paris she had no time to touch. And watching the cheery old woman over her task, she often thought what a relie. a similar system would be to many an over taxed American housekeeper. For that is the point-it is a system and a recognized trade. This one belonged to the lowest class; but others, handy at lace and finer work, with a patronage of wealth, often make much more. And even a franc a day, with a good living thrown in, was not to be despised. Since the reign of bric-a-brac set in we have professional dusters in the cities. It should be tomparatively simple to intro duce professional menders. Perhaps a diffi culty would arise as to amount of payment, since the women who mend for their fami lies to not roll in wealth, and even 50 cents a day might seem to them extravagance. And the sewing-woman who drags her life out on the same sum, boarding herself would probably scorn less. But, once given her patrons, she might find her life both easier and healthful; and the tired house mothers, seein, the economy and re!ief, would wonder why they did not do it be fore. Under the present system the thrifty women fret and tire themselves over the endless task; the sentimentally philanthropic and the unthrifty give away to the increase of poverty often; and the old clo's men profit by the improvidence of the bachelors and husbands. A little more c0-operation everywhere would lighten women's work. Here, for in stance, in a town of 2,000 inhabitants, one woman for years made her pin money by weekly brewing of yeast for her neighbors She has gone out of the business now, her husband objecting; and the women are left lamenting the lost convenience. Yeast in plenty at the grocery-patent yeast; but they all prefer the home-made when they can get it. So, could they once set it, they would prefer the neighborhood mender - Lippincott's Magazine. Gov. Alvin Saunders and the Pawnee,. The warlike Sioux were well mounted, and had the Pawnees at a disadvantage. They would dash up to any exposed point of the reservation, shoot a Pawnee, and s:urry away before the Indians had fairly learned of the attack. After bearing the complaint of the chief as to the action of the Sioux, the governor assured him that all he needed Qs.0 a s,'e a- -iti ,sah he could 6r oa the Sioux before they came within rifle range; and then proceeded to inform him that if he would preserve a friendly attitude toward the whites, a big gun with plenty of ammunition, would be supplied him. The Pawnee warrior eagerly snapped up this alluring bait "As soon," said the gov ernor, "as I said to himun that if he would be friendly, I would send to the great father in Washington and get for him a great cannon, and the interpreter had translated my words, the chief jumped up, took his pipe from his mouth, and jaeumed it into mine withouat ceremony. 'Now,' said the inter preter, 'you must smoke if you never have before in your life!' and I did puff at the pipe without having a chaaae to wipe it off, as it came direct from the chief's mouth to my own. It was a naueous dose, but I swallowed it in the interest of the cause. I immediately wrote to the seoretary of war what had oceurred, and he. at once for warded a nice, shiny, six-pound field-pieca. I ent it to the.agency, and from that day we never had any trouole with the Pawnees, nor did they have any more difficulty with the Sioux."-Cor. Chicago Times rw ,aa+. -vv'. vauZsv euana Bravery Conquers Blatant Cowardice. It was one of those girls and exactly that kind of a fellow that I saw m an encounter at the St. Thomas charity fair. The wait. resses were voluntedrs, accustomed to silk and satin, but here clad in calico and ging ham for the task of benevolent servitude. The customers were polite folks as a rule, but the exception was a coarse, intolerable boor who may have entered by design to find out how it felt to be waited on by an heiress The girl at whose table he took a place was not going to be scared out of her duty, and she demurely solicited his order. "Give me a glass of whisky," he insolently responded. "Ah, my friend," she murmuied, in a neatly religious style of speech, "you're Ealling for something that stingeth like a serpent and biteth like an adder.' We don't-" "That's precisely the brand I want," he retorted, "a stinger and a biter." "You shall have it, sir," and now her eyes flashed, as she disappeared, to quickly re turn with a colorless liquid in a glaes "Now swallow that," she impressively added, "and you'll vow you're astonished. Drink it down." The loader was frightened. He thought the fluid was nothing weaker than aquator tis, and he slunk away, leving it untouched. It was only water. Quiet bravery had once more vanquished blatant cowardice. "Uncle Bill's" New York Lette. Witlsg to Arbitrate with Shbsertbehs. We intimated some few weeks ago that the vague fear was growing on us that our sub. serlbes. were on a strltk Subsequent events have gone to coatn'm the suspicion. Only one or two have repotted at the ofcee Sor-duty4duringtee last a oontho .. JL thy are standing out, as we firmly believe, we wish it understool right Kere that we are willing to arbitrate. Even without that we will concede eight hours a day-if they will labor faithfully at paying their subscriptions for eight hours each day they can put on their coats and go home We wish they would appoint a eommit'ee to comn. in and see about it anyway. We will meet them half way and take them by the bani; capi tal and labor should be aolee, not enemies. We thought we detected symptoms of a boy co to:ce when a man who had taken the paper for some time refusal to remove it from the pcs office, but happily this danger has beeaa averted. -Estelline (D. T,) Bell The Variatieas e.Negre Daleet. The editor of The' Sointheie` Bivouac gives the reasons of tbq varaton in the expressions and orthography of witers of negro dialect. He days it is accounted for by the fact "that there grew up among the negroes of each nelghbabhood certain phrases ani words which did not travel be yond the very narrow confines of personal intercourse."-Texas Siftings. The Highest Awards Are His. It is in man's power to be What he will. The highest awards areh e-to win or to lon. Nothing Is without his grasp. Sin, abatme, poverty, all these may cling, like aso Eass begga, 'to blesskir., but, like so manybeggar, he can shake them of. M em. GeorgeSand. A Htanr Utaest iUting treagtb. at harneass am aias linftdesd aspow hea rnsaldt. U1 tit ea ahbhiivd o by aliwing eve4' ae s- t oE sritaue eusly to its fullest Capacity, and unds, the sasta advantageuds C~I*rld·Naussm. -01 star.