RATfL OF AnaDV teNa
ue .. 88 86 $7 810 9e gIN
S.6 10 12 16 5 M 40
1........ 1 4 a8 4
S... ... 7 1. 12 38 4 ' 85 75
S*9 12 16" 2 as 60 75 1001
1 Year..............162440 6 0 o 140%2
Rgiilart advertising pa87 ble qurteldy, as du
Transient advertising payable in advance,
special Notices are 806 per oat ere than r.
Local advertisIng,15 Centis fr the tha Imertion;
:o cents per line for each soseedings lalution;
jnes counted in NonpatIel masure.
JTb Work payable on delivery.
A. S. HIGGINS.
.AT o RN EY-AT-LAW,
Will practice in all the Courts ofthe Territory.
0. B. O'BANNON,
,aiI Agent an8 Attorney
)oor l-odge,. - bMoni ana.
G. A. KELLOGG,
County Surveyor, Civil Engineer and
U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor,
I)ecr Lodge, - M ontana.
Office with O. B. O'Bannon. Orders fOr Bur
veys of Mineral and Agricultural Leads wIll re
ceive prompt attention. Orders can be left with
Mr. O'Bannon in my absence. 519.
JOHN R. EARDLEY,
NOTARY PUBLIC, CONVEYANCER,
UNITED STATES LAND AGENT,
Willow Glen P. 0. - - Montana.
H. B. DAVISJ
Civil Engineer, Deputy U . m, inel Surveyoa
)DER LODGE, M.T.
jY-Office at the Court House, with Probate
DAVIS 8( BENNETT,
BUTTE - - - MONTANA.
PRICES-Gold & Silver.................... 2 50
Silver ............................ 00
Copper........................... 8 00
la 'ample sent by mail promptly attended to
PHYSICIAN8 AND SURGEONb.
A. II MITCHELL, M.D. Gmo. C. DOUGL/.S, M. D.
ITCHELL & DOUGLAS,
Physicians and Surgeons,
DEER LODGE. MONTANA.
Prompt attention Riven professionall calls in town
and surrounding country.
OFFI(:CE-OPPOSITE THE SCOTT HOUSE.
JOHN H. OWINGS, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon,
Office-Klenaschmidt Building, formerly oc
cupied by M. M. Hopkins.
Deer Lodge, - Montana,
Calls in town" or country will receive pnpt at
DR. H. H. WYNNE,
Eye, Ear and Throat Surgeon.
Recentlv attendant upon the large eye, ear and
throat hospitals of Europe, (Vienna, lerlin,
Paris, London and Edinburgh.)
Phe eve, ear and throat a special and exclusive.
SpectacleP sclentifically titted to the eye.
Citarrh.of the nose and throat successfully treated.
OFFICE-JACKSON STREET. 859 lyr
Deputy Territorial Veterinary Surgeon,
Having located in Deer Lodge will promptly
attend all. calls for diseased stock. Refers to
Phil. E. Evans, W. B. Miller, S. E. Larabie and
others. Charges reasonable. 83Stf
BANKS AND BANKERS.
W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIE,
OLARK LA AI ,
DEER LODCE, M. T.
Do a Oeperal Badking Business and Draw
Exchange on .
All trhe Principal Cities of the World.
NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS.
First National Bank, .w York, N. Y.
First National BankI
IILENA, - MONTA NA.
Paid up Capital .. .. 500.000
Surplus and Profits $d25,000
%. T. HAUSER, - - President.
A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President.
. . W. IC.'IGHT, - Cashier.
T. Hi. .LEINBCHMIDT, - Ass'I Cash.
OslIG!4ATED DEIPOSITOR. Or TO 1
We. ransact a general Bankihg bousnees,andbU.yat
ghest rates. Gold Dust, Coin, told and Silver Hul
oa, nInd Local buecrittes; Sell raohange and Tele
rphic ransfaters. available in all parts of the Uunited
8 ites, the Canadas, Great Britain, Ireland and the
Continent. CoL orrto'ts made and proosedpremitted
I) i rectors.
h. T. HAUSIR. TORN EIURTIN
A. M. HOI,TIR, R. 8 HAMTL.TON.
JOHN If. MINJ, o. P. HIGOINS,
R. W. K"I(iIT, A. J. DAVIP.
T. C. rPfW.R. H. M. PARHHRN,
T H KI.lN'tCHMI.h'. I~5('
33B LOD I;, MON'FANA,
Sam. Scott, Proprietor.
Boar Per Day $2.0. Stu1 Inea 150 c.
TIE FAVORITE SALOON
PITERSON & r'ONNIFF, Prwo.r.
Main & Second, DEER LODGE.
Thoioughly Oiver hk,i! ', Repaired and RIenovpted.
Al1 Drinfk and Cia"rs. 12 1-2c Each.
Ph. Br*t', Mluwanuker Teer ON TAP.
ALVAYS PLASITD i) SgpR oUR FKlIE.DS.
Jib Wagon and T sitnag.
I hbare a Job Wagon on the streets of Deer
Lodge dluring working hours every day, and
amn prepared to deliver Traunks or PSa'*gp
to itnd from any residencie prompI - ty and t
reasonable rates. Also do beavy tealamng
and Job Hauling at low rates. .eaMe olders
at A. Kleinschmidt & Co's.
Wei tt 9Q. Tuegum .
" ; '-sue .. - 4 _ - _._ _..
VOL. 18, NO. 2. DEER LODGE, MO-YNANA, JULY 9, 1886. WHOLE NO. 887.
r k V
. . .. .. ... .. ...... .... ... . ... .- - L.]'"-. .. .... .. .. .
When iuiet broods throughout the blue,
Nor breathes the wood, nor lisps the
He hides away from mortal view,
Asleep, adream, in some lone cave.
But when great storms their fury vent,
And roar and wreak their pow'r,
He soars into the firmament,
The genius of the hour.
The hero thus. When Peace presides,
Obscure, unknown, he lives his days;
Then trumpets, war. Behold, he rides
Of battles king, and crowned with baysl
Chas. G. Blanden, in The Current.
We Do Not Walk Enough.
As a people, we do not walk enough.
The sun does not shine on us enough. The
wind does not blow throughtus enough.
Buggies, horse-cars, and carriages are
undermining the national health. The
Englishman walks five times as much as
the American man, and is five times as
healthy. The Englishwoman walks 1,000
times as much as the American woman,
and is 1,000 times as healthy. The young
Englishman, if he rides at all, rides a
bicycle. The adult Englishman if he rides
at all, rides a horse. He is either on foot
or horseback the most of the time. He
only uses a carriage as a matter of duty
to etiquet. The buggy is almost un
known. The result is that Englishmen
rarely have the dyspepsia, and English
women have roses on their cheeks which
are not purchasable at the drug-stores,
and are free from the lassitude, backache,
and headache which are the peculiar
enjoyment of their American sisters.
As it is all the rage now to be "sweetly
English," why not copy their healthy prac
tices instead of mere insular peculiarities
which can never be adapted to another
nation? Physical exercise is not confined
to one nation. It should belong to all, but
particularly to Americans, whose nervous
temperament rapidly consumes vitality.
They need muscular training for arms
and chests, and walking for their legs to
restore the energy which is wasted on
close application. If a general law could
be passed that every man and woman
should walk a given distance, according
to their strength, daily, the doctors would
soon lose a large per cent of their practice,
and several diseases, now heterogene
ously assigned to malaria and microbes for
want of a definite cause, would probably
disappear altogether.-Chicago Tribune.
Lost Their Grip on Themselves.
"There were a great many men in the
army who suffered years of humiliation
through losing grip on themselves for a
single instant. I remember that on one
occasion one of the most reckless men in
our company, after fighting like a sala
mander for an hour, lost his head. After
twenty minutes spent in the very fury of
charge and counter-charge the man on his
right dropped without a word, the man on
his left fell across his front, and the
branch of a tree cut off by a cannon-ball
dropped at his feet. He turned in a blind,
dazed way, lost control of his nerves and
darted rearward like a frightened deer.
Scores of others went with him, and the
men who turned and retreated more
slowly saw with surprise these men spring
up each other with a shriek and jump one
after another into a depression in the
"The cellar-like depression was not more
than four or five feet deep, and it afforded
adequate protection against the storm of
shot and shell, but after one man jumped
in all these frightened men followed like
so many sheep, and they continued to do
this until the hole was full, men packed
in one on top of the other. The men who
retreated slowly, making the best fight
they could, escaped. The panic-stricken
men who jumped into the hole lay there
helplessly after our line passed, and were
taken prisoners without a show of resist
ance. After months of weariness and suf
fering they came back to the regiment,
and I have heard my friend of the reckless
mood say a hundred times that one min
ute of panic-stricken foolishness so injured
his self-respect that he was afraid he
would never be a man again.-Inter Ocean
Principal Causes of Boiler Explosions.
Boiler explosions were formerly attri
buted to mysterious agencies, and there
are some who still cling to that theory,
even in the face of satisfactory evidence of
weakness or carelessness, or both. After
twenty years' study of the subject among
thousands of steam boilers, I am satisfied
that there is little or no ground for mys
tery here. The principal causes of boiler
explosions are poor material, fault in
type, poor workmanship and careless
management. Material and workman
ship have already been alluded to. There
are new types of boilers devised every
year, but the majority of them have but a
The tendency to employ cheap engineers
is no doubt a fruitful cause of disaster,
and under careless management the best
boiler may be ruined in a week or less.
The desire for excessive pressures, espe-.
dcally on boilers that have been some
years in use, and that are not of sufficient
capacity for the work required, is another
fruitful source of disaster. Steam users
in many cases forget that with the enlarge
ment of their works for increased produc
tion they should add correspondingly to
their boiler power. They often try to pro
vide for this increase of product by order
ing their engineers to increase the pres
sure on the boilers. This is all wrong,
and it invites disaster.-Boston Commer
Two I unndred Years Ago or More.
Two hundred years and miore ago beds
in England were bags filled with straw or
leaves, but not upholstered or squared
with modern neatness. The bag could be
opened and the litter remade daily. There
were few bed-rooms in the house of an
cient England. The master and mistress
of the Anglo-Saxon house had a chamber
or shed built against the wall that en
closed the mansion and its dependencies;
their daughters had the same. Yong men
and guests slept in the great hall, which
was the only noticeable room in the house,
on tables or benches. Woolen coverliets
were pro"idelffor warmth poles or hooks
on which they could hang their clothes
projected from the wall; perches were
provided for their hawks. Attendants and
servants slept upon the floor.--Boston
A Plea for the Mother-in-Law.
Take the mother-in-law. Is there noth
ing sacred left for man's veneration? Has
it come to pass that the divine love and
the tireless seal of motherhood are with
out honor in this land A nation guffaw
ing over vile jests at a mother's expense!
Daily papers, that should be the organs
whereby honor and purity and probity are
advanced, pandering to the taste that se
lects a woman and a mother as a target of
its ridicule! No wonder the entire social
s~onomy is out of order, and trickery and
misrule sit in high places in a nation
wt.ere reverence and respect are out of
Jas-. Our grandmothers tell us, as one
recalls the legends of a forgotten past, of
a time when children were taught to rev
erence the aged, when young men were
:hivalrous and old men were eoartly gan
alemen, yielding a beautiftal deference to
woman as her right.--"Amer" In Chkwag
Value 1' as Overloeketd atestaL
A German writer remarks that the com
pound known as "lelode t," dleoveed
by Slmou, ha. n.J,be.ua seed s muc a
Its peculiar advantages wowml seem to
suggest. It Is prepared by ltting twenty
to thirsy parts of the powtpe g with
twenty partheof melted sOlphur .3U'
be shaped lute W A e.dgt ineSIi
into a strung -bdz, rar g boflng
water ama the stroawsto aria . Imb.
t l Iai ý vRýADý -
'n! 771I~i ~ ·c
TIlE LATE MR HOE.
ONE OF THE CELEBRATED IN
VENTORS OF THIS CENTURY.
A Name That Will Remain Inseparably
Connected with the Development of the
Printing Press-The Simple Device
Which Brought Him Fame.
E LATE RICHARD . HO
H LALTE RICHARD IL HON.
THE LATE RICHARD M. HO.
The recent death of Col. Richard M. Hoe
in Florence, Italy, closes the career of one
whose name is known wherever the news
paper is used to spread intelligence. He
was the senior member of the firm of print
ing press makers, and one of the leading in
ventors and developers of that great lever
of public opinion.
CoL Hoe's father was the founder of the
firm. He came to this country from Eng
land in 1803, and worked at his trade of car
pentry. Through his skill as a workman he
was sought out by a maker of printer's
material named Smith. He married Smith's
sister, and went into partnership with
Smith and brother. The printing presses of
those days were made chiefly of wood, and
Hoe's skill as a wood worker was valuable
to the firm. In 1822 Peter Smith invented
the hand press, of which we give an illustra
tion, and which will be recognized by many
an old printer, though many are in use to
TEE SMITH PRESS.
This press was finally supplanted by the
Washington press, invented by Samuel
Rust in 1829. From the manufacture of the
Smith presses Hoe made a fortune, as the
inventor died a year after securing his
patent, and the firm name was changed to
R. Hoe & Co. The demand for hand presses
increased so that ten years later it was sug
gested that steam power might be utilized
in some way to do the pulling and tugging
necessary in getting an impression. At this
time the late Col. Hoe, one of the sons of the
founder of the house, was an attentive lis
tener to the discussions in regard to the pos
sibility of bringing steam power to aid the
press Young Richard M. Hoe was born in
1812. He had the advantage of an excellent
education, but his father's business possessed
such a fascination for him that it was with
difficulty he was kept at school He was a
young man of 20 before his father allowed him
to work regularly in the shop. He had already
become expert in handling tools, so that he
soon became one of the best workmen. He
joined with his father in the belief that
steam would yet be applied to the printing
press, and the numerous models and experi
ments they made to that end would, in the
light of the present day, appear extremely
ridiculous. In 1825-830 Napier had construct
ed a steam printing press, and in 1830 Isaac
Adams, of Boston, secured a patent for a
power press. These inventions were kept
very secret, the factories in which they were
made being guarded jealously. In 1830 a
Napier press was imported into this country
for use on The National Intelligencer. Ol
Maj. Noah, editor of Noah's Sunday Times
and Messenger, was collector of the port of
New York in those days. and being desirous
of seeing how the Napier press would
work. .e.t for Mr. Hoe to put it up. He
an 1 Richard succeeded in setting up the
i r s , and worked it successfully.
The success of the Napier press set the
Hoes to thinking. They had made models of
i.s peculiar parts and studied them care
fully. Then, in pursuance of a plan sug
gested by R chard, his father sent his part
ner, Mr. Newton, to E ng and for the purpo a
of examining new machinery there and to
secure models for future use. On his return
with ideas Mr. Newton and the Hoes pro
jected an I turned out for sale a novel two
cylinde. pre-s, which b'came universally
popu ar and soon superseded all others, the
Thus was steam at last harnessed to the
press, but the demand of the daily papers for
their increasing editions spurred the press
makers to devise machines that could be
worked at higher speed than was foun I pos
tible with the presses in which the type was
secu ed to a flat bed which was movea back
ward and forward under a revolving cylin
der. It was seen then that if type could le
secured to the surface of a cylinder, great
speed could be attained.
SIR ROWLAND HILL'S DEVICE. 1M.3.
The above diagrams illustrate Sir R.nw
land Hid's method of accomplishing th:is
The tipe was cast wedge-shaped; that is.
narroner at the bottomn A broad "nick"
was cut into its side, into which a "tead"
fitted. 'ihe ends of the "lead," in tua,
fitted into a slot in the column rules and
these latter were bolted to the cylinder.
Anyone who knows anything, about type
wit: see thi dlficulty of using meek asystem
The .;unitar, Sir Rowland Hill, the father
of penny postage in England, sunk, it is
said, *10,000 in the endeavor to letroduce
In the meantime Col. Hoe had succeeded
to bis father's business and was giving his
attention largely to solvng this probem of
holding type on a rsvolving ylinder. It
was not untl 1848 teas as sian the method
After a domae years of thought he idea
eanm pon him es epectenly, sad was strt
IIng in its limepLety. It was imply to mske
the co:umu rules wedge l.sbped idstr of
a. . son smasvoa, 18a
tihe typa The above diagram faned by
Mtr. 8 . Tacker, the srviviug ed of the
sirea aof B &a., i a B ouh the
ce by lbs heet r.4sed,
slag l mes," that reweln le n ul w'.
"d hhe at;. Irk<
pmtb St -·
His businers g:ew to aeh aftieniohitbat
be has iu hie etnnloy in his New York factory
from 8(0 to 1,500 hablil, varying with the
state of trad.l His Lotdon factory employs
from 130 :o 210 hands.
And yet the great 1aily presses craved
stilt f ster presses. The result was the d'.y
velopment of the wet prese, in which the
paper is arawni into th, press from a con
tinuous roll at a spedd of twelve miles an
hour. The very latest is a machine called
the supplement press, capable of printing
complete a paper of 'rom eight to twelve
pages, depending on th4 demand of the day,.
so that the papers slide 'out of the machine
--ith the supplements g.mmed in and thLe
paper folded ready for lelivery.
Of late years many!other remarkably in-,
genious presses of other makers have com.e
into the market, but still the genius of -. i.
Bo0 has left an indelibly mark in the devdl-'
opnent of the printing·preea
MIakling Saerakat in New Ye t. -
The largest sauerkrbut factory in New
York is situated in Forsyth street. It is a
dingy, dull-looking building on the out
side, but on mornings when the Long Isl
and cabbage arrives, it springs into sud
den and seething life: The huge farm
wagons dash up in front of the buildings,
and the canvass covers are whipped off
them in an instant. At the same time the
three big front windoW-s of the factory fly
open, and the teamsters and their helpers
begin throwing the cabbage to two men,
who stand in each window. They are the
cabbage inspectors, and if a head iooks un
bound they toss it buck to the wagon,
while if it is all right they pitch it to the
women dressers, who: with a swift move
ment of a curved knife lop off the outer
leaves and dress it fcr the cutter. The
cutter is run by a five 'horse-power engine,
and requires four feetcers to keep it busy.
It cuts 150 tons of cabtbage a day. When
it is cut and properly prepared the cab
bage is passed to the vats. They are three
in number, and sixteen feet in diameter by
eight feet high.
When the cut cabbaige has covered the
bottom of the vat to the depth of three
feet it is covered with a certain quantity
of coarse salt. Then half a dozen power
ful Germans wearing high rubber boots,
which are never used: for any other pur
pdse, enter the vat and begin the task of
stamping down the cabbage. Cabbage
possesses 65 per cent of water, and as the
fine fibers are pushed (down this begins to
assert itself, and the brine begins to form
and rise above the solid mass. When the
vat is filled the contents are held down by
a cover on which heavy weights are
placed. Fermentation in making sauer
kraut is about the same as in making
wine, only the process is slower. It takes
about six or seven weeks to mature.
When the "taster" pronounces it perfect it
is packed in barrels and tubs, and sent
forth on its mission, of supplying free
lunch counters and gladdening the Teu
tonic heart.--New York Mail and Ex
Low Postage on Merchandise.
The agitation on the subject of low post
age on merchandise was begun by Clare
Bartlett, a citizen of Oregon, Mo., who
claims the credit of having pushed the
matter from the day when he conceived
the possibility of such a system until it
became a law. The gentleman has been
visiting friends in the city for several
days, and it was from Mr. Bartlett's lips
that a reporter heard the story.
"Some years ago," said Mr. Bartlett, "I
was greatly annoyed by the extotions of
certain express compr;anies, which, under
license, robbed me frequently. One day I
sent to Ohio for a ham. When it arrived
at my house in Missouri the express
charges on it were $2.50. I refused to re
ceive the ham, and protested that there
was some mistake in the charge, where
upon the local agent referred me to the
superintendent of the company, to whom I
at once wrote a polite letter, insisting that
there must be an ertor in the charge.
I received an inpudent reply, saying,
among other things, that the company's
rates were fixed without consulting me or
other residents of rural districtrs. I wrote
to the superintendent: that I intended to
make that ham the dearest package his
company had ever expressed. I began
the agitation of cheap. postage on mer
chandise. I was running a weekly paper,
and I filled its colums% with editorials on
the advantages of low rates of postage. I
enlisted Congressman Parker and others
on my side of the question. It was not
long until the bill was rushed through,
greatly to the alarm oX express companies
all over the country. I got an early copy
of the bill and sent it to the superintendent,
who had 'fixed his rates without consult
ing me,' tmd to him I then expressed my
affectionate regards."i-Chicago Tribune.
Civilization and Btazilian Negroes.
As in all South American countries the
negroes of Brazil have: a strong disposition
to return to savagery. Civilization seems
to have taken but a slight hold on them.
In a thousand little 'ays they preserve
the habits and traditiohs of their ancestors.
The strange wild songs and dances which
their fathers indulged in in Aferica, and
which they still preserve, are only out
ward signs of an innate savagery over
which civlization has not been able to ob
tain a mastery. I hav4s seen often in the
coast towns negroes whose faces were
mere masses of scars firom wounds which
had been systematicAlly self-inflicted in
order that the negrolmight show in his
face what his tribe and station was after
the manner of his ancestors.
A friend told me that once walking in
Para he saw an aged negro of gigantic
stature and majestic bearing coming
down the street. The street was full of
negroes, and as the old man came along
they all fell on their knees and bowed
their foreheads to the dust. Tears fell
from the eyes of the object of their de
votion as, with the air. worthy of Francis
at Pavia or Napoleon taking leave of the
Old Guard, he passed on and disappeared.
It was ascertained that the old man was
once a great warrior king in Africa and
was, moreover, a "fetich man" of won
droius power. In his slavery and in his old
age the people of his tribe did not forget
beside the Amazon the devotion they once
showed him on the Congo.--Chicago
Deserted Malst of Baden Baden.
The managers of Homburg and Baden
Baden are trying every device to revive
the popularity of their summer resorts
but their glory has departed with the
boom of the green table. They get up
horse-races and concerts, engagelecturers,
combinations of lecturers, and calcium
artists; but the old-time pleasure-seekers
refuse to swallow the surrogate, and the
omnibus-drivers of the gorgeous hotels
have no cause to, complain of overwork.
The stream of sporting tourists has set to
ward the south-to Monaco, to Blarritz,
but chiefly to Switzerland. Since they
can not risk their dollars on rouge et noir
they insist on risking their necks in the
Alps.-Dz. Felix L. Osirald.
Stag Leve-Maklag NeS Natural.
When you hear a ytang lady remark, as
the stage lover goes down upon his ltees,
selaes the actress' hands and imprints an
impasmloned kisse upon her eight-button
kids, "How naturally he does that" you .
may set it down for a fact thatthat young
lady isn't so familiar with such scenses as
she would have people believe. We have
have it on the best authority that lovers
think, too much of their pantabloon tso
genuflect upon a dusty aespetand that
they are not given to bestowing kiuses
apon kid gloves to analsauamig extent
.a* - m- sthe ne n lin
THREE CABINET LADIES.
PORTRAITS OF SOCIAL LEADERS AT
Mrs. Endicott, Mrs. Manning, Mrs. Vilas
and Miss Cleveland-They Represent
New England, New York and the West.
Y The Inventor of "Innocuonus Desuetude."
Of the historic twenty-six versons who
gathered around the festal board at
the sumptuous "stand up" wedding
supper of President Cleveland, four
were wives of cabinet officers. These la
dies were called from private life to a semi
ofllicial social position when their husbands
accepted the various portfolios of their re
spec.ive departments. They appear to be a
lrmpnious gathering~ of women, on the
'whele. The country has heard less of that
-getty and disgraceful bickering about who
shall go ahead of whom and which shall sit
nearest the president at state dinners than
usually gets to the public ear in such cases.
The cabinet ladies have certainly done their
best to make President Cleveland's adminis
tration a social suc'e as They se.m to have
been cquil throughout to the arduous social
duties required or tihemn-dut.es so wearing
that in the be.nwiin ;, p),r, sweet Kate Bay
ard succumb, I to the strain. They are
courteous, dignified, :andoomely dre sead and
hospitable. Oir readers wi.l be glad to see
some of their portra ts.
By rrason of seniority, the wife of Secre
tary of War Endi
cott is presented
first, Her face is
strong and clear
cut. One would
say it was the typi
cal Boston face.
like the high-bred
New England wo
man of long de
scent. She wore a
red pompon in her =
hair at the pre.,i
Mrs. Endicott is RS. ENDICOTT.
her husband's first cousin. Both are de
se n lants of the Putnam family.
Ono, effect of that wedding wil be that
he newspaper correspondents can go longer
p:riodically inform ihe public who is the
first lady in the land. We have a first lady
now, no mistake, and one who, judging
from her chin, will be able to keep so.
Washington etiquette is solemnly peculiar,
and, like the ways of Providence, hard to
understand. A lot of old ladies of both
sexes have it in their especial keeping, and
believe the sun would not rise behind the
dome of the Capitol if they did not pre
scribe which foot the first lady in the land
should put forward when she starts down
stairs of a morning: It would give the
country such a delightful thrill if some offi
cial lady should suddenly give all their
fusty old notions a deliberate slap in the
face, and do as she pleased.
Here we have a typical New York
woman's face, and
one may be par
doned for saying a
very pretty one,
too. Mrs. Manning
is originally from
Albany, a town
which is as proud
4 of its blue blood
and old families as
even Boston itsesf
It is said to be easy
enough to get into
high life in New
York city if one
xMs. ANxNING. has money, but al
most impossible for an outsider to do the
same in Albany. The old Dutch element is
stronger there than in the metropolis.
Mrs. Manning had not been long married
to her husband when he became secretary of
the treasury. He was a widower before
their marriage. The lady dresses richly and
tastefully. Like most New York women
she knows just the right thing to put on and
how to wear it. Mrs. Manning is as hand
some as her husband, who is noted for his
fine personal appearance. Together they
are a noble looking pair.
If an artist had sought the country over
for the three types
of women here
shown, the New
England, the New
York and the west
ern, he could not
have selected bet
ter specimens than /
Mrs. Endicott, Mrs. -
Manning and Mrs
Vilas. Thereis an
earnest, kindly look
in Mrs. Vilas' hon
est eyes that at
tracts one at once.
She looks a hearty, MRs. VILAB.
whole-souled woman, with character enough
to impress herself upon any society. She
and the postmaster general went to the capi
tal from Wisconsin. Mr. Vilas dresses hand
somely and is fond of blue gowns.
There is one, too, who, for a season, was
associated with these ladies who stamped
her personality upon Washington society
more than any of them. That was Miss
Roe Elizabeth Clevelqgd. She held herself
bravely and well in Washington, and leaves
it with the best wishes and the sincere good
will of all the country. She was not aggres
sive or did not attempt to revalutionise
She did her best, modestly and with dig
nity, as mistress of the White House, hold
ing still somewhat to the old ways and the
old convictions which had been with her for
a lifetime. One is only sorry that she yielded
so far to: the dictates of the old cats of both
sexes at Washing
ton as to try to peg
up and confine her
hair and make it
look as though it
was "done up."
Her own way of
wearing it suited
her much better,
. and consequently
When she was a
school teacher her
friends called her
Jhany -Cleve.- -
land." In spite of
MISS CLEVx.bNs. President Cleve
land's mild state
mentthat he invented the phrase "innocuous
desuetude" himself, there will always be
those who will believe Libble did it.
Now that she resigns the scepter of the
White House to young Mrs Cleveland, Miss
Ross Elizabeth retires to her homn at Hol.
land Patent, N. Y., to engage in literary
work. I is a pretty home, fitted up with
the earnings of her book of essays. Success
to her literary efforts, and we'll all read her
novel, the "mong Row," as soon as it ap
It is said that she is to celebrate the com
pletie, of the sale of 50,000 copies of her first
book of esays by a trip to Europe The
sale is dragging along slowly now, so that if
she adheres to her Intention her European
trip may be delayed for some time,
The Oil Well of Louasiama.
oAlthough petroleum has been struck in
the' sulphur mines at Calcasia, La., no
effort is made to save it, as the flow is not
large. The quality Is said tobe superior,
It being a lubricating oil worth $4 barrel.
A New York Seeiety ft Baehelors.
A society of bachelors has been organ
ised in New York, and each member is to
receive 8500 on his wedding day. It fisrb
the purpoe of encouraging marg a
W!as W m ege A. %%wi na Apemes.
WeH e ore saii a' Ther aul newhs sP
slle awellin sai to blau tt arum
eM ar w rtona isro fi acs
THE POOR OF THE CITY.
STATISTICS OF THE CHEAP LODG
ING-HOUSES OF NEW YORK.
Different Grades of Tramps and Sitters
Evils of the Tenement House System
Ratio of Inmates to Dwellings in Sev
eral of Our Large Cities.
It is always easy to find interesting sta
tistics in relation to the poor people of a
country like ours. There are over 200
cheap lodging houses in New York. Most
of them are below Fourteenth street. The
sanitary laws fix their legal sheltering ca
pacity at about 9,000 lodgers per night,
but almost every night from 10,000 to 12,
000 dismal souls are crowded into them.
It is pitmated that there are from 4,000 to
5,000 poor males and females who find
shelter at the free-lunch saloons, the stale
beer dives and the police stations. About
Chatham square and in the streets which
traverse the slums and sloughs of New
York these unfortunates have a show by
working as sitters in the low saloons. They
cluster around the stove in cold weather
and excite the sympathy of transient cus
tomers. During the holiday season, about
election time, and when great parades are
going on, this dodge of the needy worker
and the saloon-keeper works to the advan
tage of both. At such times the sitters
are enabled to keep comfortably filled up.
to the advantage of the house.
In some saloons which encourage sitters
they are let in in relays. By working up
a regular route a tramp can manage to
fill up his time all night. The way many
of these people keep clothed is a study.
One that I have heard of has pretensions
in this direction. Every day he watches
the death notices in the papers, and when
ever the demise of a man is announced he
promptly calls at the house with a piteous
appeal for cast-off clothing. People are
tender-hearted with death in the house,
and he rarely goes away empty-handed. A
student of the tramp question has classi
fied the different grades of cheap lodgers
and sitters. He finds from long experi
ence that 50 per cent. of them are victims
of intenlperance, 25 percent. are vagrants
from sheer laziness, 20 per cent. are will
ing to work but can't get it to do, and 5
per cent are unable to worn on account of
some mental or physical detect. Upon
this basis of say 15,000 out-and-out out
casts in New York city, 7,500 are drunk
ards, 1,750 are indolent knaves, 3,000 de
cent poverty-stricken people out of work,
and 750 invalids and unfortunates.
IN THE ROOKERIES AND SHANTIES.
The next class of poor people, but little
better off, are the dwellers in the rookeries
and shanties and meanest tenement
houses. There the condition becomes
somewhat better, but never satisfactory.
The evils of the tenement-house system
are apparent. This huddling together of
large numbers of men, women and chil
dren under one roof breeds vice and dissi
pation. But the growth of this system in
New York has been remarkable. The
first tenement house was erected in 1838
on Cherry street. In 1865 there were 15,309
tenements in this city. Now there are at
least 80,000, including apartment houses
and flats. In a quarter of a century the
system developed, and during the last
twenty-five years has more than doubled
in extent. In 1855 the average number of
inhabitants in each tenement house was
thirty-five. The average to-day is fifty.
New York has double the number of in
mates to a house of any other city in the
Union, Philadelphia the least. Out of the
146,212 houses in the Quaker city, there
are only six inmates to each dwelling; in
the 50,833 houses which make up Balti
more there are are six and one-half people
to each residence; St. Louis, with 43,026
houses, has eight people to each home;
Chicago, with 61,089 houses, has eight and
a quarter people; Brooklyn, with 62,233
houses, has nine people to a house; New
York, with 73,684 houses, has sixteen and
and a half people. The figures as to this
city are deceptive, because there are fully
20,000 tenements proper which accommo
date fifty people on an average, or a total
of 1,000,000 souls. This demonstrates that
more than two-thirds of the population of
New York are dwellers of tenement houses
proper, among which flats and apartment
houses are not included. What a singular
study these figures are! No city in the
Union has half as many houses as Phila
delphia, and yet Boston has nearly two
thirds as many as New York, and Chicago
almost as many. Truly these statistics
justify Philadelphia in its claim of being
the city of homes, and Chicago and Boston
follow very closely.-Frank Burr in Chi
Picking Up a Broken Submarine Cable.
The ends of broken submarine telegraph
cables are picked up with an instrument
called a grapnel iron it is a stout bar of
iron about two feet long, with five prongs
or hooks about six inches long at one end
and a swivel at the other. A rope long
enough to lower this grapnel iron to the
bottom of the ocean is attached to the
swivel, and the iron is then dragged along
on the bottom by a steamer, which steers
directly across the place where the broken
cable lies, and two or three miles, as near
as may be, from the broken end. By
means of two wires, which run down the
rope and a simple device on the
grapnel iron, an electric circuit is
completed whenever the hook catches
on anything and a bell on board
ship begins to ring, and continues
to do so until the strain on the hook is re
lieved. If the hook should catch on a
rock the strain on a dynamometer at
tached to the drag-rope suddenly in
creases, and the strain when the cable is
hooked gradually increases. A ship may
have to steam across the line of the cab!e
many times before a success is attained.
When the cable is hooked the end is
brought on board the ship and a dispatch
sent to the office on shore to test that part
of the cable. The end is then buoyed and
sent adrift until the other end is secured.
When this is done a new piece of cable is
spliced in between the two ends and after
through testing the whole is lowered over
board.-New York Sun.
Besieged by Matrimonial Schemes.
The unmarried president has a
harder time in the White House
than people imagine. He is be
sieged by matrimonial schemes from
all quarters. Letters on the subject
of marriage are written to him, and I
doubt not that Cleveland has received a
number of bare-faced proposals during the
past year. Arthur used to get such let
ters, and Jere Black once said that when
he was in Buchanan's cabinet he used to
receive proposals of marlrage from ladies
who wanted to present their claims for the
president's hand through him. During
the last administration a female crank
called at the White House while President
Arthur was in the west, and said she did
not like to hear of the president pay
ing so much attention to the Indians She
feared he might become Infatuated with a
squaw, and in order to save the nation
from such a calamity as an Indian wife in
the White House she would even sacrifice.
herself upon Arthur's matrimonial altar.
-"Carp" in Cleveland Leader.
A Cattlse angse llorida.
Wyoming cattle kings hbare purchased
07,200 acres in Hillsboro and Manatee
counties, Florida, for a astte range. The
price paid was ,&O gcash.-Inter Ocean.
D. T. Jewettof 8StLo.s, isald to be
the onlj man who ever served a "one-day
term" in the United States senate.
tiAstateme.t is methat the sale of
B 'awthern's- "Sars&t Fetter" has now
Tw+ asaort asu.of e= mrfse tronws
xto IbleU bay n .eeent f gorq e
THE LIME KILN CLUB.
Some Changes in the Labels of the F.a
monus Arhaeologloical Collection.
Whn -the lights had been turned up
stron$, and Elder Toots had coughed a pea.
nut shack out of his throat, Brother Gardner
arose and said:
"I find heah on my desk a heap of mottoes,
watchwords and maxims which hey bin
gathered together by de committee on judi
ciary wid a view of replacin' de stock now
hangin' on de walls. I has bin keerfully
considerin' de matter in my mind fur a week
pas', an' I doan' like de idea of a change.
De pusson who can't stick to one motto fur
mo' dan six months can't be depended on to
stick by a job fur mo' dan one
"If I was out o' cash, friendless, laid up in
a garret wid a sore heel an' a carbuncle, an'
spectin' ebery day to be toted off to de poo'
house, I doan' know but I might furnish do
world wid some watchwords an' sayin's, but
it would hey to be under some sich sarcnm
stances. About a month ago I began tradin'
wi4 a butcher who had hung up in his s.'op
do motto. 'Live and L t Live.' It sLruo·k ime
dat de ideah was a good one. He wanted his
dues, an' lie would grant de fame to odders.
In about a week he shippel a plugged quar
ter into my change; two days la:er my two
pounds of beef was short three ounces; de
nex' week he charged me up wid forty-eight
cents' wort o pork which I nhbbar had. I
doan' trade daie any mo'. a:l' my respeck
fur his motto has dropped fifteen pets.
"If dar' afn any menib s of dis club who
can't keeor to work widout some motto 'bout
industry behind' em. who can't pay deir
honest deb s widout some motto 'bouthonesty
above 'em. who (an't b- good husbands and
fathers widout some scriptural quotashun
pasted in deir hats, such pussons had better
sever deir conlexun to once."
The quarterly report of the keeper of the
museum was then submitted and accepted.
From it is extracted the following matters of
The museum now contains relics of his
torical value as given below:
Cleopatra ....................... ..................... 6
C r................................... ....... ..... 5
Cromwell............................ ............ 2
gn s................................. ............ 2
Desoto..................................... ............ 4
Queen Elizabeth ..............................
L frayette............................... ...........
Gen. Jackson.................................... . 5
Plato.............................................. .. s
In addition to the above, which range all
the way from quarters to broadswords, the
museum has a fair display of curiosities
fromu foreign lands and remembrances of
great events. The keeper reported that two
of the three skulls which had formally been
labeled "Skull of Capt. Kidd" had lately been
relabeled--one for Marc Antony, and the
other for Nero. While this move did not
detract at all from the reputation of Capt.
Kidd, it added increased value to the collec
tion. In these hard times one skull per man
should be the limit.
The committee on the interior, through
the chairman, Judge Chewso, then reported
back the case of Professor Ashfoot Smith,
an honorary member residing in Milwau
kee. He had been charged with being an
Anarchist, and an investigation had re
suited in the discovery that he believed in
and contended for:
"Death to the rich."
"Equal division of all property."
"Neither laws nor prisons."
The committee were unanimous in recom
mending that his name be stricken from the
"Which the same will be did to once,"
said the president, "an' it may be sot down
as de sentiments of dis club dat de gov'
ment should take sich ackhaun as will pre
vent conspirators, Nihilists and criminals
from Yurup findin' a safe asylum in de
United States. "-Detroit Free Press.
President of the anternational Typo.
graphia - Union.
The International Typographical union is
the oldest, most conservative and most pow
erful of our labor organisations It is com
posed of journeymen printers of the United
States and Canada. who hold a convention
annually to elect offcers for the government
efthe gsaniation - for the enaeaig-yoaa - At
the recent convention, held in Pittsburg,
Pa., Mr. William Aiimisou was chosen presi
dent. Mr. Aimison was born in Marseilles,
France. In 1886 he came to this country,.
when quite young, settling in Nashville,
Tmenn., where he learned the printing trade.
He isthe only living charter member of the
typographical union organised in that city
in 1855. and of which he was twice president.
He served in the Confederate army through
out the war. He was elected to the Ten
.ss--ee legislature in 1879, and has been con
tinuously re-elected since. He is a man that
is universally liked where known, and it
was his popularity, rather than ambition,
that carried him into politios. He posessec
the cool and fair judgment which s euential
in the oue iefdocr of a labor organization
which is aiways under the critcal eye or
A Sledge Cart for Thlreshng.
The Carthaginians invented a sort of
sledge cart for threshing, and it was after
wards adopted in Italy. It consisted of a
wooden frame like a sldge, into which a
certain number of rollers, set round with
projecting teeth, were fitted; these
threshed the corn as they turned round
when drawn over the floor by the cattle
attached to the machine, which was
further weighed by the driver, who sat in
a sort of frame or chair placed upon it.
Trade Seereta of Caule PRinters.
The printers in the caloniakling mills
of th ConneelcutvaFale hare avery close
o g tilasatoon of their own in each neigh=
barhood, saM wmt a b.et ·iar the Wa- rets
et -their trade to aly bat' olwn easst e
tbes of utenbsrsof a·dlald srlg
xizMonths..................................... 2I 00
Three Months................................ 1 00
Wiea not paid in advance the rate will be Five
Dollars per year.
1. Anyone wito take l perer regularly from tb
Pbstoice-"whether directed to his name or another's
or whetr he has submcribed or not-is responsible
for the ayment.
. It a personorders his per discoastnued, he
auy pal I.arrrs, or the publisher will con
tnue to send it ntilpayment Is made and collect the
wbole amont whether thepaper is taken from th
3. Thecourtshaedeclded that refusing to take
thewepaper or e l frm the Poetofioe, or
1, leavn them unoelled for, Is prime
fs o n of intentlomalfrand,
P.pesord~~a toany drpc.cn be changed to
nother adre at the optien of the msbecriber.
...mit. . c drat, heck, mesy oer,or reisu.
teredletter may esentatour rik. Allopl uaste
ars requlred to reister lettereon applcation.
W' NHEN THESEA GIVES UP ITS DEAD."
Launching a Story on the Sea of Litera
"Perhaps I shall know thee and greet thee agatn
When the sea gives up Its dead."
Many years ago, when the ambitions blood
of youth coursed madly through my veins, I
wrote a magazine articlel It wasa werd tale
of love and intrigue, evolved fronta brain
whichhad learned its cunning in the staving
off of various females engaged in theboarding
house business. The manuscript completed,
I borrowed a three-cent stamp and for
warded it to a well-known down town pub
lishing house. Two days later the precious
document was returned with a printed circu
lar which gave me to understand that the
editor had been almost moved to tears when
he realized that the article in question was
not suitabl3 for his columns.
I will now draw the somber pall of despair
over the next seven months, during which
epoch I believe 1 sent my MS. to every pub
lishing house in the country. At the end of
that period I still posses.ed the story. I was
vyo:mng. however, and when I thought of
Z 'a'; early struggles it gave me courage
ald spurred me to further effort.
So one day I went down town to a large pub
lishin, house anl personally tackled a long
haired man, who camse forward in respon e to
my pathetic appeal for an interview with
t e tditr. I noticed that he was somewhat
cordiai at the time, which perhaps accoun.s
for tue fact that after sitt nz right down
and reading my artic:e he para'yzs I me b.
announcing that he w vund ac 'ept it.
"Its worth about $10," qdth he, "such
sum to b3 p'id yoe upon its publication."
"When will that bef' I asked, timidly.
He lifted up his mild gray eye and gazed
long and earnestly into the gathering twi
"Call around in about three months," he
said, briefly, "and I will tell you."
With this injunct on 1 departed, intending
to appear again at the time specified.
Then I once again sought the aforesaid
puoi hing house. Tae lngL-hiired gentle
man, who was now also cordial, again greeto I
"Ah," said he, "you have come ait last.
Let me see, the number of your manuscript
is 2., 793."
"Twenty-two thousand, seven hundred and
ninety-tmree:" I rrpmated, in horro-; "when
do you think I will get the boodle!?"
"Well," said the long-hairel gentleman,
blandly, "you might give another call in
about five year-, an I then we shall-shall
see about the matter."
Sadly I departed, and when six years
lat.r I appeared at the publishing house I
ii qu red, as usual, for the long-haired gen
tleman. A strange young m m came for
"Why, my dear sir," he said, "Mr. Jinkins
i. dead. He was murdered here in this office,
two summers ago, by Cactus Billy, the bard
of Dakota. Billy came down here with some
verses de society and wanted spot cash.
Poor Jinkins said it was against the rules.
You can guess the rest-argument-pistol
When I had sufficiently recovered from
the shock of this intelligence I ventured to
inquire about my own article.
"It is now No. 9,357," said the young man,
soothingly, "and I have no doubt but that it
will be published some time during the next
Time rolled on. I went into the soft soap
business, made some money, married a
charming girl, and now I am a grand
father. And only the day before yesterday
I went down to that self-same publishing
house to find out how I stood. That young
man-Jinkins' successor-has hair as white
as my own. He tells me that my manuscript
is now No. 5,442.
So this evening, seated in my own cozy
basement, I think over the fate of the little
story I launched on the sea of literature
when life was very young to me.
Ah, precious manuscript-ambitious little
manuscript-manuscript No 5,442! when
shall I see you in print? When shall I reap
the reward of my many years of patience
alias $10? I pause for a reply.
Then, like the strains of angelic music, the
voice of my favorite golden-haireddaughter
is wafted down the dumb waiter to me
from the parlor above. She, is singing some
old-time melody (a delightful change from
"The Mikado"), and as the harmonious chords
grow fainter and fainter I catch a lingering
couplet which beats on my heart like a wave
from the dark ocean of futurity:
"Perhaps I shal know thee and greet thee again
When the sea gives up its dead."
-Walter S. Murphy in The Judge.
Where Times Do Not Change Muchb.
There was a commotion in the dimly
lighted parlor, and a moment later, when
Maud's papa entered, Maud was sitting de
murely in one corner of the room while
Maud's George occupied another.
"Well, George, how do you come on now
adays" greeted the old gentleman, cheerily.
"Oh, I guess I've been holding my own,"
replied Maud's George, with a smila
"So, so? been holding your own, you sly
dogl Assumed proprietorship already, eh?
and she was willing to be held, I'll warrant.
Well, well, times haven't changed mnuch in
twenty-five years, it seems," and the old
gentleman chuckled, while Maud blushed,
and George and the lamp tried to draw out
of sight.-Tid Bits.
Why the Case Was Dismissed.
A young man had been arrested for kissing
a pretty girl, and she was on the witness
"You say," said the attorney for the de
fendant, "that the young man kissed you
against your will'
"Yes, he did, and he did it a dozen times,
"Well, now, is it not true that you also
kissed him during the affray"
Objected to; objection overruled.
"Now answer my question," continued the
attorney. "Did you not kiss the defendant
"Yes, I did," replied the witness, indig
nantly, but it was in solf-deftena."-Wash
Impalrlng His Musele by Study.
Coach (to college athlete)--Your muscles
seem sft, and your whole system needs
toning ap. Are you drinking anything?
College athlete-Not a drop.
Coach-Smoking to excess?
College athlete-Er-yes; a little.
Coach (indignantly)-Creat heavens, ans,
do you want to lose the ra.set-N. Y. Sun.
The ~ree Asslsts the Pulplt.
A Butte City, 1M. T., pamtr advises its
readers to attend cturch. Th edlitor says
that he has tried the scheme, and wille he
is not prepareul to say the it is all it is
cracked up to be in rsom localitle, still the
practice al pears to be perfectly hmarmless,
and the church, as one of the instm.itutions of
the city. shoult be encouraged .-gltelline
(D. T.) Bell.
That Looks Iteaseebh,
Phasa.ius, Jr. (in a hardware stare)-P-,
what does the lady want of that saep ladd*
she is buying!
Phaseesaus-I don't know, my ao; unhess
she is a nilliner and is goig touse it when
trimming one of tae new style of hat-Dle
trait Pree Prem.
The Xtsest Thig nm Cgarsr.
It occurred last week, and is a alight vari
ation from be "telephoe" relic:
'1m'ts that an interstate cigar you're
smkingP he asked.
"An interstat oigar What's that.'
qumcead the strasnge
"Why, one thas t o e smoke in Maine
ad amaks the peopb .t. n! s hole their
at ' -W ashibgs a.
one FWoo quite'
"N." s'a th ebslapaa sa he
.eratbehal hisi .d 'I asIuet a believer
tsu wbI ths hq w3-is -e i roCcpt, l
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