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- !°lS. til 3 87 88 $10 20 t81o 1 'im e 3 5 6 10 12 15 25 40 2 . ................ 4 7 8 12 14 20 8. 48 . ~8........... ... 518 10 14 16 2.5 88 5a S ...... 7 10 12 18 24 I8 60 75. S............! 9 12 15 22 30 50 70 110 3 . .ll........ 1 15 25 3 50 5 100 100 year ................. 6 25 4 70 140 250 iilar advertising payable quarterly; as due. nsient advertising payable in advance. special Notices are 50 per cent. more than reg u'lar advertisements. neal dvcrtising, 13 cents for the first Insertion; 1 cents per lne for eanch succeeding Insertion; ines counte n onparl'.measure. li e Works payale on delivery. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. ATTORNEYS. -WELLING NAPTON. ATI'ORNEY AT LAW, [COURT SQUARE]. DEER LODGE. l'rSpecial Attention G!ven to Collections. F. W. COLE, Batte I11. R. WUITSStILL, Deer Lodge. COLE & WHITEHILL, ATTO)RNEYS A LAW Satet and Deer Lodge, Montana. O. B. O'BANNON, [sld A1 let and Attorley pser Lodei, - - MoWtaana. . B. DAVIA county Surveyor, Civil Engineer sn U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor, Deer Lodgeo. - 3on-tana. gOffice at the Court House, with Probate Judae, 882 PHYSICIAN8 AND SURGEONS. C. F. REED. DENTIST Office Over Kleinachmidt's Store. flEE. LODG E. 3MONT. 951 3m J. A. MEL. PHYSICIAN o, SURGEON, Deer Lodge, M. T. Diseases of Women and Chil dran a Specialty. Ofilcionm the corner, south of the McBurney House. JO4N H. OWINGS, X. D., Physiclan and Surgeon, Mfice-Kleinschmidt Building, formerly oc cupied by M. M. Hopkins. Door Lodge, - 3)1ontrani. Calls in town or country will receive prompt at ention. 648 BANKS AND BANKERS. W. A. CLARK, S. E. LARABIE, LARKsLA ABI-, BA KET S..,8, DEER LODCE, M. T. Do a General Banking Business and Draw Exchange on 411 the Principal Cities of the World. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS. First National Bank, New York, N. Y. 775 Firsz National Bank I BELENA, - MONTANA. Paid up Capital ......6500.000 Surplus and Profits 325,000 S. T. HLUSER, - - President. A. J. DAVIS, - - Vice-President. S. W. KNIGHT, - - Cashier. T. H. KLEINSOCHIDT, - Ass't Cash. DESIGNATED DEPOSITORY OP TIE UNITED STATES. Wetransact a general Banking business,and bbu, at gheetrates, Gold Dust, Coin, Gold apd Silver Bul oz, and Local becurities; Sell Exchange and Tele raphic Transfers, available in all parts of the United "ates,the Canadas,Great Britain, Ireland ana the Continent. CoLLortIowx made and proceediremitted promptly. Direotors. S. T. HAUSER, JOHN CURTIN. A. N. HOLTER, R. S. HAVILTON. JOHN H. MING, C. P-HIGGINS, ,. W.KNIGHT, A. J. DAVIS. T. C. POWER, H. M. PARCHEN, T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. 1508 P. PATTERSON, CARPENTER AND BUILDER, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. Designs furnished and elose estimates made on Busi ness, Dwelling and other Houses. Do all Kinds Job Carpentering. SASH AND DOORS IN STOCK. Shop next door north of Munrphv, HIIggins & Co's tore. ltp J. C. STEVENSON, ashionable Ierchant Tailor NORTH OF BENNETT'S STORE, Deer Lodge. - Montana. 1 carry the finest line of samples of Domestic and Imported Goods ever brought to Deer Lodge, cnd will make Suits promptly to order. Suits from $30 up wards. W'Repairing and Cleaning Done on Short Notice. 5n4 3m Metropolitan Saloon, HENRY HARRIS, Proprietor. Johnny Cerber's Old Stand, DEER LODGE, MONTANA. I have opened the above SALOON AND BIL LIARD ROiOM, stocked the bar with the best Liquors and Cigars, and solicit a share of the public patron age '3,8 tf CITY HOTEL, Main Street, bet. 3d and 4th, K..DIEE. J.ODU I, MO1NT. E P. MILLS, Proprietor. Btari and Lodging, per week.........$.00 Board and Lodging, per (lay............ 1 50 Siugle Meals......................... . 50 Fir-t-class in every respect. A lshre of pnhli patron t.e is respecifully solicited and Satisfa'tion AsSurdd. 951 lo for Ne Flalieeai Ylley! !tae 1g anlli fa? Shlilh 1l ahl1 E.'EItY MONDAY AND WSDNESDAY, td Rant fro d Ashley for Ravalli every Wednes ,iJ t( D. McDONALD, Propr'etor. TIlE FAVORITE SALOON THOM LS M. CONNIFF, Prop'r. Main & Second, DEER LODGE. Thotoughly Overhauled, Repaired and Renovated. All Drinks and Cigars, 12 1-Zo 3ach. Ph. Best's Milwaukee Beer ON TAP. ALWYS PLEASED TO SEE OUR FRiIENDS. I ! VOL. 19, NO ý l-D~~~ O F VO.1, O 9. DEER LODGE, MONTA} JANUARY 13, 1888. WHOLE NO.C6 PRINCETON'S COMING PRESIDENT. Dr. Francis Landys Patton, Probable Sue cessor of Dr. MeCos·i. The coming retirement of Dr. McCosh from the presidency of Princeton college brings into public prominence his prob able successor, Dr. Francis Landys Pat ton, who has already achieved distinction as a theologian and scholar. Dr. Patton is of Scotch descent and was born in Warwick, the leading city of the Bermuda Islands in 1843. At an early age he displayed a love for literature and a student's habit that iiarked his career ever afterward. While he was still a boy his family moved to Canada, where he was raised and educated. He entered University and Knox college at Toronto, Ont., in 1860 and pursued the usual fouir years' academia and scholastic curric ulum, graduating with high honors at the expiration of the course. His scholarship and litera abilltie. I and ecclesiastical thought. Immediately - after leaving college he entered Priaceton Theological sem inary and studied for the ministry. He was graduated in 1865, standing well toward the head of his class. His fame as a scholar had pre ceded him, and he was immediately after graduation 1 called to the pul pit of the Presby terian church in Eighty-fourth street, New York city. His minis try was success- DR. F. L. PATTON. ful, increasing the membership and en larging the activity of that congregation. In 1867 he was called to the Presbyterian churCh of Nyack, N. Y., where he labored four years with even more gratifying re suits. In this period he began to show the tendencies which destined him for the teacher's chairrather than the pulpit. His writings for the religious press and other publications increased in number and at tracted growing attention, while his min isterial work assumed more and more a literary and pedagogic rather than a pas toral character. In 1871 he resigned his office in Nyack to accept a two fold post, filling the pul pit of the well known South Presbyterian church in Brooklyn, and the chair of didactic theology in the Presbyterian theo logical seminary of Chicago, Ills. The strain of this double duty was too great, and after a few months he gave up his pulpit ministration. In 1872 the honorary degree of doctor of divinity was conferred upon him by the faculty and trustees of Hanover college, Ind. In 1874 he resumed ministerial labor as pastor-elect of the Jefferson Park church, Chicago, finding it possible to serve as both pastor and pro fessor in the same community. In 1878 he was made pastor of the church, and at the same time was further honored by the degree of LL. D., conferred upon him by the Wooster university, Ohio. The next three years passed quietly, but were marked by a Fast amount of labor in his two offices and as a literary worker. He had become so well known to the religious world and the American press that in 1880 a strong effort was made to bring him to Princeton college. The effort was renewed in 1881, and succeeded, when he accepted the chair of the relations of phil osophy and science to religion in the sem inary and of ethics in the college proper. Here he has remained ever -sinee. He is -popular in both the theologic and academic departments SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, PRINCETON. of Princeton, and bears the reputation of being the best informed and widest read professor in that great university. Beyond his ministerial and professional work Dr. Patton has been a very active litterateur and journalist. Among his writings are a volume on "The Inspira tion of the Scriptures," published in Phila delphia in 1865, designed to meet the doubts and questions inspired by the latest discoveries of modern science; "A Summary of Christian Doctrine" and "The Doctrine of a Future Retribution." He has also published over 1,000 magazine and press articles. For a number of years he has been associate editor of The Pres byterian Review and of The New Prince ton Review, contributingto their columns as well as managing these publications. The ability, energy and wisdom displayed by Dr. Patton, whether as clergyman, professor, editor or writer, are evidence to show that his elevation to the presidency of Princeton college will certainly sustain the high reputation of that institution of learning. The IRoehester Disaster. Explosions that cause loss of life are common enough in these days of man's arrogant trifling with nature's forces, but few of them are of so terrifying a nature as the recent series of explosions in Rochester by which $250,000 worth of psoperty was destroyed, severa people killed and many hurt. Most readers are already aware of the circumstances at AFTERI TIHt EXPLOSION. tendant upon this most singular disas ter. It appears tha- the Mu nicipal Gas company of the city had been in the habit of receiving naptha from the Vacuum Oil company (a branch of the Standard) every few days. The two establisllments are several miles apart and the naphthl was piped from one to the other. In sbme manner a break oc curred in the pipe, 1,400gallons of naphtha escaped into the sewers of the city, some one drolpped a spark and then the disaster came. We give a cut of the Washington mill from a .photograph taken the next morning. - Tomony's interpretations Little Tommy lay quarreled with his sister and would not kiss and be friends. His aunt said: "Oh, don't you rememer what papa readl at family prayers this morning, that We were to forgive seventy times seven!" "Yes," replied. Tommy, "but I tickcrlarly noticed it was to your brother, iiot sistet. ", Buffalo Courier. The Smioke" Herringl Monopoly. The island of Grand Manan is the home of cut and dried monopoly that would be hard to mtch. Grand Mammai puts up annually more than 1,000,000 boxes of smoked herring, and controls the market. Boston i the paradise of newspaper Womei, TIHE POPE'S JUBILEE. LEO XIII HAS BEEN A PRIEST FOR FIFTY YEARS. Sketch of His Life and of the Roman Church Under His Guidance -Brief Allusiuns to the Popes Who Have Gone Before-Some Other Matters. Joachim Vincent Raphael Louis Pecci was born March 2, 1810, and on the last day of 1837 received the rank of priest in Rome; on the 19th of February, 1878, by a vote of the cardinals, he became pope with the title of Leo XIII, and on the 23d LEO XIII. of December, 1887, began the commemo ration of his jubilee-the close of the lifticth year of his priesthood. All the Chris.tian world shows profound respect; the Catholic nations have showered upon him the richest gifts, and even the rulers of Buddhists and Mohammedans have sent gifts and honors as to the head of a great Christian communion. It is not to the pope only that those gifts and honors are offered, for Leo XIII had an enviable reputation as a diplomat, statesman, scholar and publicist long before he became pope. As a writer of pure Augustan Latin he probably has not an equal in moderni times; his poetry, though often sad, is ex quisitely sweet, his plan for the organiza tion of schools has been thought good enough to be adopted by some Protestant communities, and his diplo macy in France, Belgium, Spain and Germany has been attended with the happiest results. His arbitration between Spain and Germany in the matter of the Caroline Islands has, gained him the friendship of both nations. He has put an end to the bitter struggle in Germany called the "Kultur kampf." The rela tions between England and the vatican are now closer than they have ever been since Henry VII, and Queen Victoria has sent the Duke of Norfolk to represent her at the festivities. Europe admits that for centuries no such far seeing states man has been at the head of the church, and Protestant and Catholic nations unite in doing the honors at his jubilee. Uniting scholarship, statesmanship and a peculiar sweetness of character to his functions as pope, we need not wonder at the presents received from apparently un likely sources. The sultan of Turkey, for instance, sends an antique pastoral ring, set with precious stones and valued at $50,000. The emperor of Ger many (and what would have been thought more unlikely ti 1870-80?) sends a mitre worked in gold and encrusted with rubies, emeralds, brilliants and sapphires-the whole of immense value. The Chinese government sends a special envoy with rich presents, and the empress regent sends a large contribution in money. From other non-Catholic sources gifts almost equally princely are received. But from Catholic princes and peoples the con tributions are so numerous that the list would fill many columns. The queen regent of Spain sends a ring set with a sapphire worth $15,000. The emperor of Austria and the ladies of Vienna join in presenting a pictorial cross costing 100,000 forins. The clergy and laity of the arch diocese of Paris have contributed 130,000 francs for a tiara, which is to be studded with 600 diamonds, rubies, emeralds and sapphires. The Syrian Catholics give a cross and chain worth 7,000' rupees. Scores of associations of pious ladies in many' places send beautiful and costly gifts. The oc casion will also be utilized by various churches. Ireland will dedicate the Irish National church in Rome. Ireland also contributes the garb in which the pope celebrates the public mass on Dec. 31. It is of white Irish poplin, woven for this special purpose by direction of the bishop of Armaghl. For this mass over $200,000 has been contributed, making it the most impressive ever witnessed. In such a blaze of brilliancy will close the fiftieth year of his priesthood, and we are justi fied in some curiosity as to the life and achievements of the man thus highly hon ored. Leo. XIII was the fourth son of Coun; Dominico Ludovico Pecci and Anna Pros peri-Bugi, and was born at Carpineti, a place of some 5,000 inhabitants, set in a cleft of the Monte Lepini, a spur of the Appenines. Both his parents were of noble blood. His father had served under Napoleon. Farther back the family were Siennese noblemen and pro duced several eminent men. His mother CARPINETI. was of an old noble family in the Volscian city of Corn. The old palace where the present pope was born is visited yearly by nimany pilgrims. His mother died when he was but 8 years old, and Vincent, or Jon chim, as he was called, went with his brother to the Jesuit college at Viterbo, vhere he soon showed remarkable pro fciency in Greek and Latin. In 1825 the famous Roman College of Jusuits was revived; the religious orders were slowly reinstated after the downfall of Napoleon, ar.d Jo.chim Pecei went there to finish Iis education. He won the lirst prize for prose composition, and was chosen, at the age of 14, to deliver the class oration, his subject being "Pagan Rome as Compared with Christian Rome." He wrote Latin prose and verse with great facility. In 1130 be decided to become a oriest. and entered the Gregorian university, at which, at the age of 22, he received his degree as doctor of theology. Immediately after he was made one of the college of noble ec clesiastics in the immediate service of the pope, then Gregory XVI; and when the latter was succeeded by Plus VIII, young Pecci, at tmhe age of 28, was made ado mestic prelate mcd chargedwith the finan cal administration. On the 3d of Novem ber, 1837, he received the deaconship at the hiands of Cardinal Odescalchi, the pope's vicar general; and on the last day of that year received the complete order of the priesthood. The next year the pope made him gov ernor of the province of Benvenuto, which he soon cleared of the smugglers and brigands with which it was infested. Hie was next made governor of Spoleto, and did an equally great work there. 'The Napoleonic wars and French occupa tion of Italy had- eft the country in such a disordered condition that the next thirty years were consumed in restoring order; but the peninsula was literally infested by secret societies, and the conflicts between these and the various local governments, one side grow ing more severe as the other grew more desperate, make the whole history of the country till the rise of Muncini, Cavour and Garibaldi, and the final success of Sardinia and the Piedmontese King Vic tor Emmanuel in organizing United Italy. When but 33 years old Mgr. Pecci was made papal nuncio to Belgium, where be did so great a work for his church that the pope made him bishop of Perugia. There he remained for thirty-one years, and the barest enumeration of his labors for education, charity and social purity would make too long an article for our purpose. He was promoted to arch bishop and then to cardinal, and on the death of Pins IX came the last possible sixty-four cardinals assembled in the his toric chapel of election in Rome. Over each seat was a canopy, four seats were draped in green to represent the cardinals created by Pius IX, and the rest were in purple. On the altar stood a large chalice and paten. One by one the cardinals ad vanced, laid their votes reverently on the paten, and raising that dropped the ballot into the chalice. Then the scrutinizers counted the votes and the count was read aloud three times. The ballots were then burned, and the smoke rising into the clear air announced to the vast multitude outside that there was yet no election. Two-thirds were required to elect. On the first ballot Cardinal Pecei received 23, on the second 38; then all eyes turned' toward him. He trembled so violently that the pen fell from his hands, then, pale as death, bowed his face on his hands while the tears streamed from his eyes. The third ballot gave him 44 votes. Then the master of ceremonies and accompanying officials approached his seat with the question: "Do you accept the election canonically made of you as supreme pontiff of the Catholic church." LEO'S BIRTHPLACE. His reply could not be heard in full; but it was understood that he accepted. All the cardinals rose in homage to their new sovereign, and the sub-deacon of the college asked: "By what name do you wish to be called?" "By the name of Leo XIII," was the reply. Of the 257 popes there were 24 Johns, 10 Gregorys, 14 Clements, 14 Benedicts, 13 Innocents, 13 Leos, 9 Piuses, 9 Boni faces, 8 Pauls, 8 Urbans, 8 Alexanders, 10 Stephens, 6 Adrians, Sextus, Nicholas, Martin and Celestine 5 each, and a num ber of names representing two or three. The first popes, of course, retained their original names, but for some centuries each one has adopted the name of some predecessor. Their terms were nearly all short/ as the dignity was attained at an advanced age; from St. Peter to Pius IX none continued in the chair twenty-five years, and when the latter reached "the years of St. Peter" it was a time of great interest in the church, while the opponents of Rome, as usual, discovered an alleged prophecy that such an event would mark the end of the papacy. It cannot be de nied that Leo XIII rules over a more united church than Pius IX did, as the latter was far more powerful and fortu nate than the pope whom Bonaparte over threw. At least nine times in the history of the papacy it has seemed that the end had come, as the church was divided, the pope an exile or a prisoner or his secu lar power apparently destroyed, but each time the inevitable reaction has come and the pope resumed his place as head of the largest Christian communion in the world. A hundred and fifty years ago it was a high crime for a priest to enter Great Britain or teach in Ireland; now Victoria sends a special envoy to honor the pope, and the latter is virtual judge of the case of Ireland against England. Only fifteen years ago official Germany was bent on the destruction of Catholic power in that country; now Emperor William honors the pope, and the latter arbitrates be tween Spain and Germany in his capacity as "Prince of Peace." St. Peter's pontifi cate is counted by Catholics from A. D. 33 to 66; then follow St. Linus, 66-79, St. Anacletus, 78-91, St. Clement I, 01-100, and so on down a long line of short terms to St. Felix II in the year 366, the thirty-seventh pope and the first to die a natural and peaceful death! (An exception may perhaps be made of the eighth, St. Telesiphorus.) After St. Felix II fourteen popes were martyred or died of toil or other unusual cause" thenin 514 St. Symmachus died in peace. The em pire had become Christian, and thle Gothic conquest complete, ~aid thereafter there were but six martyrs in 1,300 years, till Bonaparte outraged and degraded Pius VIII. Three popes intervened between him and Pius IX, who was chosen in 1846, and died in 1878. Where in all the annals of secular governments is there so long a line? It is not to be wondered at that pi ous Catholics contemplate the hoary an tiquity of the pontificate with awe and reverence. _ Superstition on the Stage. "There is as much superstition among ac tors as there is among sailors," remarked a member of the profession to a reporter. "They are forever on the lookout for signs, and these are construed into all kinds of meanings. The placing of a chair on the stage in a peculiar position will be taken to mean something in connection with their suc cess, while the action of a single individual in the audience will have a decided effect upon their future course. "It is while rehearsing a new play that the greatest amount of superstition is indulged in with actors and managers. "One of the most noticeable is the effect of the lines upon the members of the company. If a laugh or eren a smile is provoked by the witticism of the author it is regarded as a bad omen for the success of the piece. If a pathetic passage causes a remark regarding its beauty, the conclusion is at once reachcd that the play will not be a 'go,' and when the effect is in the opposite direction their spirits rise and the belief is entertained that all will he well with the play. There are probably 100 other signs upon which actors hang the fate of themselves or the play to be pro duced."-Philadelphia Bulletin. England's Silver Penny. The first silver coin struck in England was the ancient silver penny. Until the reign of Edward I, it was marked with a cross so deeply indented that it could be easily separated into two for half pence and into four for farthings, hence the names.-Boston Budget. Venezuela has offered a prize of $4,000 for a process by which locusts may be turned into grease or some other useful artUcla W8ONDERFUL CAREER. W THE LATE DANIEL MANNING GOT ON IN LIFE. Bgan the Battle a Route Boy in a paper Ofce, Then He Got to Be nager, and Finally Filled a Cabinet Ister's Chair. ael Manning, who died on the day re Christmas, was born Aug. 10, 1831, g the second son of a baker in Albany, Y. The father died when Daniel was p young, leaving three sons and 'a ter. Of these, Hon. John B. Man .once mayor of Buffalo, N. Y., and wealthy citizen, and the daughter As soon as old enough, Daniel work on The Albany Atlas, which: The Argups, and on this Ssuccessively filled every position from route carrier to head of the corpora tion. He had an excellent faculty for making acquaintances and quietly get ting information without seeming to do so, and soon became a valuable aid to the paper in its long and heated warfare with Thurlow Weed and The Journal. When reporting the legislature's proceedings he scon acquired a wide repu tation. In 1865 he became editor, asso ciated with William Cassidy; soon aftdr he bought an in terest, and in 1873 the death of Mr. Cassidy left him the head of the concern. The . financial success ht of The Argus and the victories of the Democrats when acting on the line of his ad v ice, attest his abilities. During the DANIEL MANNING.I heated contro versy between the two factions of the New York Demociacy Mr. Manning acted with Samuel J. Tilden, Horatio Seymour, John T. Hoffman and their allies against the Tammany wing; and in 1873-4 g iaturally came into close alliance with Mr. Tilden. The election of the latter as governor in 1874 practically made Mr. Manning the party leader in matters outside of official action; and in 1875 The Argus was a val uable ally of Governor Tilden in his war upon the "Canal ring." In 1876 he be came a member of the Democratic state committee; in 1879 he became secretary of the committee, with Daniel S. Lamont as clerk, and from 1881 till 1885 he was chairman of the state committee, only resigning the place to become secretary of the United States treasury. It was from 1879 to 1884 that he did his most skiful work as a party manager. The situation was very gloomy for the Democrats, as the Tammany and anti-Tammany warfare threatened a complete disruption of the party. In 1879 Tammany defiantly bolted the nomination of Lucius Robinson for MR.. MANNING'S WASHINGTON HOME. governor, after the stormiest convention for many years, and nominated John Kelly, which gave the state that year to the Republicans and had much to do with the Democratic defeat of 1880. But in a short time the strife was composed, and since the defeat-of Hancock Democratic vic tories in New York have been plenty. In the national convention of 1880 Mr. Manning was the recognized exponent of Mr. Til den's views, and though he did not quite heal the breach that year, he laid the foundation for the great victory of 1882 and the election of Mr. Cleveland in 1884.. He received the place of secretary of the treasury without solicitation and entered on its duties with conscientious devotion. On March 23, 1886, he was attacked with dizziness in his office and was for months under the care of physicians. June 4 he placed his resignation in the hands of the president, but the latter declined to receive it and urged the secretary to take a long vacation. Feb. 14, 1887, the secretary sent in his resignation and the president accepted it with regrets in a highly com plimentary letter. After traveling abroad some months for his health, and experi encing some improvement, he again en tered business as president of the Western National Bank of New York; but the gain proved temporary and he soon retired to Albany, as it now appears, to die. Mr. Manning married Miss Mary Little in 1853; she died in 1882, leaving twosons and two daughters. Nov. 19, 1884, he married Miss Mary Marguerite Fryer, of Albany, who was prominent in Washing ton society at the beginning of this admin istration. His oldest son, James Hilton Manning, is managing editor of The Ar gas, and the other, Frederick Clinton Manning, is an active business man of Albany; but neither of them inherit in any degree whatever their father's taste for political man agement. The presentMrs. Man ning is a very in telligent and sprightly lady of middle age. The secretary was tall, massive and hand- .- . some, with a very full forehead and clear eyes; as an oratdr he figured but little, but his . address was al- MRS. MANNsING. ways dignified and his language notice ably plain and to the point. His parents were Irish, and his features showed traces of that stock; from them he inherited a sound and rugged body, and his death at 56 must be regarded as premature-main ly due, the physicians think, to bad air in the treasury building, though his first symptoms were apoplectic. As secretary of the treasury Mr. Man ning announced a policy as bold and com prehensive as that of Alexander Hamil ton was thought to be when first pre sentcd. He proposed, in brief, to stop the coinage of silver dollars at once and use the surplus revenue to pay off the green backs. These paid and destroyed, he would have had the currency of this coun try consist chiefly of coin and coin certifi cates, the National bank notes to remain tempor~ily, as the bonds could not be paid for, a few years. The president warmly seconded these propositions, out congress did not adopt them. Neverthe less. Mr. Manning's reputation as a finan cier was so raised that when it was an nounced that he was to be president of the Western National bank applications were soon made for $4,000,000 worth of the stock. Two facts attest his success-the universal regret.at his leaving the treas ury, though comparatively unknown as a financier when he entered it, and the anxiety of capitalists to have him take charge of their investments. A cut is given with this article of the house occupied by Mr. Manning at Wash ington during his term as secretary of the treasury. It is now occupied by the Count de Mitkiewicz. A Mexican banquet may consist of thirty-two courses or of nothing but hard boiled eggs. COUNTING THE VOTES. he Sceene at the Election of Sadi-Carrot, President of France. Recent numbers of the illustrated pa pers of Paris, of dates Dec. 5, 10, give us many amusing and interesting details of the crisis in the government, which may be said to have lasted a week, terminating an the 3d of December. Sense and non COUNTING THE VOTES. sense, song and sentiment, "allong-ing and marshong-ing" are so mixed in the performances of that week that an Amer !can reader is puzzled to decide when the actors were really in earnest, when they were "bluffy" and when merely posing for effect. Everything in Paris is done in such a theatrical manner-every man acts so much as if the eyes of the world were on him-that when the crisis ends with out bloodshed, we incline to the conclusion that it was all a well managed play. Two hard facts, however, are evi dent: The mass of the people were determined that Jules Ferry should not be elected president, and both people and legislative assembly were determined that Jules Grevy should resign or be kicked out. Yet, so fickle is French opinion, or so uncertain was the situation, that at the last minute a group of journalists and politicians who had ex hausted the terms of abuse on M. Grevy, actually asked him not to resign, being moved to this action by a fear that M. Ferry would be elected in his stead. M. Grevy was so far deceived by this that on the evening of Dec. 1 he announced to the council at the Elysee palace, assembled to carry his resignation to the chamber of deputies, that "the situation seemed to him so far modified that he had at present no communication to make." -On a test vote this performance was condemned in both bodies, with only eight dissenting votes, which caused M. Grevy to change his mind again and very suddenly. Then, while the convention (consisting of both deputies and senators) proceeded to elect, the whole population of Paris gave itself up to the wildest demonstrations, even lining the road to Versailles and threaten ing to blow up the track and destroy the trains if M. -Ferry was chosen. It is claimed that when the convention assembled M. Ferry had a majority, and that the demonstrations caused a change; at any rate, on the second ballot M. Sadi Carnot received 616 votes to 216 for all others, and then "all the world (toute le monde) went wild" again. The votes oc cupied much time. As the names were slowly called each senator and deputy walked forward to the space in front of the stand and dropped his vote into an urn, by which, as guard, stood a tall hus sar. Two secretaries made the count. All this time the outside crowd pressed as near the building as the guard would allow, and in Paris the mob massed in the Place de la Concorde and amused -itself for hours by such "horse play" as shov ing carriages against the wall, ducking a few persons in the fountain basin and pelting the police. When the vot ing was done and the result announced all order was suspended for some time, and a search for Sadi-Carnot began. He had retired when his name was first men tioned, and was now secluded in a small alcove of the statue gallery, his face very pale and his frame greatly agitated. His father, 85 years old, ran with the activity of a youth up to the gallery and hugging his son as if he were an infant, exclaimed: "Oh, what a joy this is to me, my dear child!" the tears streaming down his face. Then the new president was taken to the official carriage and escorted back to Paris in fine style; the mob marched to his house, cheered him and dispersed, and the "crisis" was over with nobody killed and nobody wounded. LOST FRENCH BALLOONISTS. Franeols L'Hoste and Joseph Mangot and Their Fate. Two French aeronauts, Francois L'Hoste and Joseph Mangot, are supposed, while attempting to cross the English channel, to have been blown out into the Atlantic ocean and lost. • L'Hoste made his first balloon ascent under the auspices of Academy d'Aerosta tion Metrologique of Paris, in 1880, at Etampes, France, on the occasion of the Mongolfier centenary. He soon after made .several attempts to cross the Eng lish channel, his first attempt being a failure, and in his second being blown over the channel all night and landing at Dunqurque. On his third he fell into the sea, but was rescued. MAeNGOT. L'IOSTE. In 1885 he ascended at Montdidier, and became acquainted with Joseph Mangot, and with the latter succeeded in making a crossing of the channel in August of last year, for which they received the medal of the Balloon society of Great Britain. In the opening of this year L'Hoste and Mangot crossed from France to Algeria, and then proceeded to Tunis. They were driven out to sea, and were picked up by a steamer. Mangot made an ascent alone, was thrown out of his car and found in the sands by Arabs. On Nov. 0 the two aeronauts as cended from Paris at 8 o'clock at night to try a new system of two auxiliary balloons L'IIOSTE'S DALI.OO-. with a larger balloon. After eight hours in the air they came down at Bar-le-Due. Their last ascent took place on Sunday, Nov. 13. They left Paris at 8 o'clock in the morning, attended by MIr. Archdeacon, whom they left at Quillebouef, having traveled 115 miles in three hours. They then left, intending to cross the channel, and were seen by the coast guard off Cape Antifer, near Havre. Subsequently Capt. MacDonald, of the steamer Prince Leo pold, saw one of the small balloons in the water. When last seen they were going out toward the Atlantic. Trust no secrets to a friend which, if reported, would make an enemry.-Good Hounekeeping. MAINE'S GOVERNORSHIP. Decease of Hon. Joseph I. Bodwell-$. S. Marble His Successor. The death of Joseph R. Bodweli, gov ernor of Maine, occurred recently at Hal lowell. Governor Bodwell was born in Methuen, Mass., sixty-nine years ago. He was forced to earn his own living at 8 years of age. When a young man he was a common farm laborer, but at 23 he learned the shoemaker's trade, and while making shoes be was also engaged in reading and study. He attend ed school during the day, working mornings and evenings at his trade. In 1838 he combined his sav ings with those of his father, and the two bought a small farm in Methuen, where he lived for tea JOSEPi R. BODWELL. years, working his laud and doing odd jobs at shoemaking. Having taken a pair of oxen for a debt, he agreed to haul granite from Pelham, N. II., to Law rence, Mass., and this eventually led him into the granite business. In 1852 he formed a copartnership with Hon. Moses Webster and worked quarries at the mouth of Penobscot bay, hauling and loading the granite himself. In 1860 he removed to Hallowell, where he became connected with many enter prises, through which he accumulated a large fortune. In 1879 he bought a farm and began the career of a stock raiser, and was supposed to have more means in vested in land, stock and buildings than any other man in the state. Mr. Bodwell was a Republican, and was a warm admirer of Mr. Blaine, con tributing largely to the Blaine campaign in 1884. TIe had been a member of the Maine legislature, and as a member of the Republican National committee in 1884 had given Mr. Blaine an active sup port. In 1886 he was la.-ine's candidate for governor of his state and was elected. In private life he was a model man. He used his great wealth wisely, and is said to have given away on an average $10 every day. By the law of Maine the president of the Maine senate becomes governor in case of vacancy by death. This makes Mr. Sebastian S. Marble governor of the state till January, 1889. Mr. Marble was - born in Dixileld, Me. He received a school education and studied law, practicing in Wal doboro, Me. He is now 70 years of - age. He has held various offices un der. the state and s. S. MARBLE. the United States, and was a member of the Republican state committee for fifteen years. In 1882 he was elected to the state senate. He is affable in manner, a fluent speaker, and highly esteemed throughout the state. Mr. Marble is a strong friend of the venerable Hannibal Hamlin, vice presi dent during Mr. Lincoln's first term. THE CHINESE FLOODS. Terrible' History -of the Yellow River. The Celestials' Sorrow. The awful floodsa of September and Oc tober in northeastern China, caused by the Hoang Ho, or Yellow river, breaking its banks, give one a vivid impression of the precarious tenure millions of those peo ple have upon their lives and dwellings. All the low country-in China as else MAP OF THIE YELLOW RIVER'S COURSE. where, the most fertile-that lies between the point where the great river emerges from the high lands and its mouth is lia ble to overflow; and as the southern levee was swept away for many miles, the low est estimate is that 7,000 square miles are flooded, ten great cities and many villages swept away, hundreds of thousands of people drowned and many millions ren dered homeless and starving. In the face of such calamities the occasional and lim ited overflows on the Mississippi seem trifling. On Oct. 8 the Chinese govern ment issued a decree beginning with these amazing words: "We have received a memorial from Ch' eng-fu reporting that the Yellow river has burst its banks be low Cheng le bon and has flooded ten parishes, and requesting he himself and the officers. responsible for its control should be punished!" That appears to be the way they do the "civil service act" in China. The government has sent relief, both natives and foreigners in the sea port cities have contributed liberally, and yet the misery is but slightly relieved. Cold and hunger are slaying hundreds who escaped the flood. The Yellow river has been named China's sorrow, and its course isa puzzle. Formed in the far west by many moun tain streams, it flows out of China into Mongolia, then turns to the south, re enters China proper and flows nearly 1,000 miles to Fuchan, there turns straight east and through the provinces of Honan, Chihli and Shantung to the sea. But Th Honan it leaves the highlands, and thence eastward the plains are.lower and broader. Hence from time immemo rial the river has changed its ciurse at intervals. It would flow in one channel till the oldest men only could say that in their fathers' time there was "no such river" there, then suddenly tear out a course directly across the old line, leaving the latter dry land or a stagnant lake. A long era of quiet would give the people confidence; the whole plain would be thick set with towns, and then the mighty flood would change again. Even now many maps represent the Yellow river as flowing straight east from Fuchan to the Yellow sea, and fifty or sixty years ago it did run there; but on the latest maps it turns north in castern Honan and runs through Shantung to the gulf of Pecbhile. In these two provinces and in Chihli nearly all the damage was done. A Well Learned Lesson. Proud Father-My sou, you have done very well at college and you have a bright future before you. I want you to study statesmanship and fit yourself for high duties. You may get into congress. Do you read the papers regularly? Son-Yes, father. "I am glad to hear that. What is the first duty of a congressman?" "To reduce the surplus. Lend me a V, father."-Omaha World. The Prince Poniatowski, of Paris, the Prin cess Maud Ely-Goddard Poniatowski, and the Baroness de Overbeck, of Germany, will spend the coming season in Washington, the guests of Mrs. Dahlgren. Miss Ulrica Dahl gren, a sister of the Baroness do Overbeckr, and a cousin of the Princess Poniatowski, will be introduced into society. TERMS--INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. Oneear ..................................S co onths..................................... 00 Three Months............................... 1 t0 When not paid in advance the rate will be FI * Dollars per year. NIWBPSPER DBCISIONb i. Anyonewbo takes avaperreanlarly from tQ Postome-whether directed to his name or another' or whetherhe has subscribed or not-is responsible for the payment. 3. Iif person orders his paper discontminued, h mustpay allarrr s, or the publisher will cone tinue to send ituntil payment is made and collect the wholeamount.whether thepaper is taken from the ofle ornot. . Thecourtshavedecided that refusing to take thenewspapers or periodicals from thePostoffce or remo-- and leavin them uncalled for, is primo retLn evenca of intentionl frand, Peperserderedto any address can be changed to another address at the option of the subscriber. Remittances by draft, check, money order, or regis tered letter may tsent at our risk. All Postmasters arerequire to register letterson application. MRS. CLEMENT CLAY CLAPTON. Incidents in the Life of a Famous Woman Brought to Mind by Her Marriage. The marriage a few days ago of Mrs. Clement C. Clay, of Alabama, to Hon. David Clapton, recalls to mind many inter esting incidents of the life of one of the most remarkable women the south has ever produced, celebrated both in Europe and America as a most brilliant queen of society of the "old Iregime." The mar riage took place at the residence of Col. H. L. Clay, in Huntsville, Ala., and was at tended by many southern people of note. Mrs. Clay was a reigning belle of Wash ington before the war, the wife of the most noted man Alabama ever sent to the sen ate. She was brilliantly educated, a wom an of remarkable natural attainments, very beautiful and much traveled. It is said that she was during the admin istration of Presi dent Buchanan the acknowledged leader of Wash ington society and the most courted woman in Amer ica. Last winter Mrs. Clay reap-. J peared in Wash-, ington society,'/ after an absence . of over a quarter of a century, and .'.. (LAY (LAPTroN. she was paid many distinguished social attentions. Mrs. Cleveland was greatly charmed by the brilliancy of the remark able lady and gave a reception in her honor. When the war began in 1861 Clement C. Clay withdrew from the United States senate, and, accompanied by his wife, re turned to their home in the south. They were active in the affairs of the south ern Confederacy, and were intimately identified witli the leaders in the "lost cause." Mrs. Clay proved to be one of the best friends the southern soldiers ever had, and many a poor fellow has cause to praise her name every time he hears it mentioned. She was with her husband when he was arrested by the government in 1865, and was of the party composed of Jefferson Davis and Clement C. Clay, who, with their families, were taken north to prison. The ladies were not imprisoned, but Mrs. Clay's husband was Jeff. Davis' fellow prisoner at Fortress Monroe during the period that the ex-Confederate chief tain was confined there. Mrs. Clay sought President Johnson and petitioned him for the release of her husband. She made such a gallant and brilliant appeal that her efforts were at last crowned with suc cess. After the release Senator Clay and his wife returned to their old home in the south. Their large fortune had vanished, their city and country homes were wrecked and they had to begin life anew, starting almost at the very foot of the ladder. Senator Clay died in 1882, and his death was mourned throughout the .outh as the loss of one of its best friends and most brilliant leaders. Mrs. Clay is a most brilliant conversa tionalist, and by all odlds one of the most remarkable women of the times. She must be upward of 60 years of age, and yet she is as spry and gay socially as a belle of 10. She is an apt story teller, writes a beauti ful letter and enjoys life and its pleasures as much as any one. She possesses a re markable memory and never forgets a face or name. Her stories of the gay times in Virginia (which, by the way, is her Christian name) of almost half a century ago, of the brilliant social events of the national capital and the good old ante-. bellum days are the most captivating re citals I ever heard. In personal appearance Mrrs. Clay is a strikingly handsome woman. She is tall, finely formed, with snow white hair and a complexion as clear and beautiful as a girl's. She dresses very handsomely, pos sesses a fine carriage and a commanding presence. Opie Rend, who met Mrs. Clay during her visit north last summer. truly said of her: She is the widow of Clement C. Clay, whose memory stands like a live oak and whose political accomplishments are in the hands of the histo rian, is a perfect type of thehigh bred and brill iant southern'woman of a day whose sun is set. We see a few-only a very few-of these women now lingering in the twilight. The dusk is settling iown and the old gate post which we could see just now has faded from sight, and the chickens, with solemn flutter, are going to roost in the pear trees. The katydid is hushed, and no more do we hear the weird music of the old negro's quills. A rail pen surrounds the old negro's grave. Mrs. Clay is one of the most interesting women whom [ have ever met, and I do not wonder that she was such a favorite in Washington society years ago. Mr. Read's beautiful pen picture 's a true one. Mrs. Clay's story of her experience dur ing the war sounds like a tale of old. Northern soldiers lived for three years in her beautiful country home in Alabama. When they left they sacked the premises, tore the wires out of her piano, smashed silverware and bric-a-brac that had been collected in all parts of the world and tore the house down. Her sufferings lduring this awful period were very great. She was so closely connected with the leaders of the rebellion that many state secrets are known to her which are possessed by few other living people. The past few years she has retrieved her lost fortunes and is now the owner of a line cotton plantation and a private fortune. Many negroes who were her husband's slaves before the war are still employed on her plantation, and are true and loyal to this distant day to "Missus Virginia." She manages her own plantation and makes it pay. While sitting at a brilliant banquet given by the people of St. Paul to the southern belles at Minnetonka last sum mer Mrs. Clay turned to me and said: "You can imagine how hard it is to leave this delightful place, with its beautiful scenery and its never ending banquets, and return to my hot southern home to renew my business associations with negroes and shave tailed mules." Causes of Premature Death. 3Most of those who die between 25 and 60, unless they die by accident, die by some in liscretion. It is the over indulgence of appe tite, or the neglect Qf food when needed, or the overstrain of business, or exposure to changes of temperature without correspond ing change of clothing. Most people of these ages are conscious of the error after it has been made, or others are conscious of it for them. Without undue captiousness we can note changed conditions, and adapt our selves thereto. Multitudes die prematurely by reason of an indiscretion which might have been easily avoided. It is intelligent caution that saves sickness, and this caution ought to be in possession and exercise before middle life. It is so much easier to prevent serious sickness than it is to secure recovery from it. Hence it is that so many that are deficient in vigor in early life outlive the vigorous and the careless. Necessity com pels them to study their changing conditions of health, and so teaches them the benefits of adaptiveness to conditions and circunmstances. -Independent. SCHOOL AND COLLEGE. An unknown donor ha; give:, for the gen eral expenses of Amherst college. the ;umn of $50,000. Rutgers college, at New Brunswick, N. J., is to have a school of electricity and an im proved scientific department, having received $15,X000 under the recent act of congress for experiumental stations. Richard Berridge, of Ballynahiuch castle, Galway, Irq., has left $1,000,000 to advance education in economic and sanitary science in Great Britain. Ireland is expressly ex cluded, and her need is greatest. President Willets, of the Michigan Agri cultural college, says that more than 50 per cent. of the graduates of that institution have become farmers. If he is correctly reported this is a remarkable showing, not approached by any other similar school in the country.