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THE NEW NORT HWEST.
JAMES H. MILLS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER The Official Paper of Deer Lodge County ExTrxan Ix Tra Dazn LonGn, MONTANA, POSTOFFICr FOs ThASXIssrION As 8ucox CLASS MAIL MArsYT . DELEGOATE ToOLE has introduced a bill to dispose of the Port Ellis reservation. Tan Dillon Tribune has just entered upon its eighth volume. It is a well conducted and ably edited paper and deserves the pros perity which appears to make its publication not only a labor of love, but one of recom pense. DarLoArAT TooLs has been recognized by appointment on the House Committee of Coinage, Weights and Measures, a position which will enable him to represent the gold and silver interests of Montana on any legislation effecting them. THa man who has advanced Keeley, of motor fame, the money with which to de velop his motor, and who was to have a half interest'in his inventions, has really sued out an injunction to restrain Keeley from selling the same. He had better Ino vested his money in hiring a drayman to cart the truck into the river. Exuanon WILLIAM is again reported ill. While, unless exceedingly serious, this ill ness will probably be alleged but a slight Indisposition by the authorities, he has ap proached the days when his career is near its end, and suddenly we shall bear some day that the life of the Great Emperor bhas gone out. TaE Independent has information that Dr. A. H. Hersey, the talented and versatile correspondent of that paper at Billings, has accepted an offer of the Northwest Magazine of St. Paul, to represent It In Montana, and will shake his headquarters at Helena. Mr. Smalley could not have appointed a better qualified or more popular gentleman. J. W. REDINOTON, the Oregon humorist' has at last gotten down to serious business. He was married last week to a Walls Walls young lady. Several years' experience as editor of a Long Primer paper in an Agate town renders Redington fully prepared for the life in which he has entered. We wish him unbounded Joy and lots of et ceteras on the side.-Bozeman Chronicle. Haven't you got the Long Primer and Agate'conditions reversed, Brother Yerkes? ion congratulations and kind words from many of our exchanges, because the editor of the Naw NOnTI-WEST happens now to be "on the sunset side of life," we are grate fal. If, when they chronicle his Obit., as much shall be in the hearts of the writers, we will only be too sorry that circumstances over which we have no control prevents acknowledgment of their kindness. Wa believe the accident published to-day as having occured near Haverlil, Mass., is the first In which steam heated cars have been badly wrecked, and the result is wortby of most serious attention. Two passenger _caches were "completely wrecked," and a number of persons killed, yet, thanks to the train being supplied with steam heaters, these cars did not take fire and add others to the list whilst incinerating all. The car store is a relic of barbarism. Tux Tboebe-Carlisle contest has come up in the House. Thoebe claims he was fairly elected to the seat now occupied by Carlisle; that bribes were offered him not to contest, and presents affidavits sustaining his claim. Mr. Carlisle has been granted until to mor row to make a formal reply, and all other contested elections will probably come up on the same day. Carlisle does not appear to attach much importance to the contest, and as the House is exclusively judge of the qualifications of its own members, he is probably secure in his position whatever the facts may be. LAST WEEK was peace week in Europe. This Is war week. Matters have assumed a bad aspect again. England, which was keep log out of the muddle as much as possible, and too much to suit Bismarck, who sent an envoy to Inquire to what extent she would sudport the Triple Alliance, has sent word that if Russia shall attempt to retake what England, France and Germany took away from her in council after it had been won on fair fought fields, she will send a couple of squadrons to the Black Sea. It looks, however, this time as though France will endeavor to withold aid to the Anglo Ger man alliance, and there is an undercurrent of belief that Turkey is willing to change masters. In such event the International match will be "to the finish," and diplo macy will not undo the work of war. Ta: Butte Mining Journal says of news paper work and pay that the Independent pays its editors $50 a week, and has offered Maginnis $75; that Alex. Devine, business manager, gets $50, Will Kennedy $40, and the rest of the staff $30 to $35. The Herald is owned by the Fisk Bros. and of course pays them a great deal more than the high eat salary. The Butte Miner paid Dickerson $50, and It is announced Mr. Haig gets the same; Business Manager Alderson also re ceived $50. The Independent and Miner (morning) pay 50 cents per 1000 ems; Herald and Inter-Mountain (evening) pay 45 cents; foremen on morning papers get $35 per week, and on evening $30. In outside towns where there are no "aunons," wages are $18 to $25, and composition runs 40 to 45 cents. People who don't think it costs money to ran a newspaper ought to try it once as business manager on one and see bow soon the strug gle to make both ends meet begins and how long it continues. We believe there is no businesa in Montana on which so much mental and physical labor of a high order is performed, and in which so much money is invested In the plant, that gives so little recompense. SxcnETTA~ LAMAR, last Saturday, sent to the President his resignation as Secretary of the Interior, couched in the usual cour teous terms, and responded to in like manner by Cleveland. It is said the support of and objection to Lamar as Justice of the Supreme Court is now on strictly drawn party lines. Sawyer of Wisconsin, and Sabin of Minne sota, who probably feel obligated to Lamar for fring Sparks, are the only two Republi can Senators accounted as favoring his con firmation. Riddleberger is also for Lamar, and these three votes, with the Democratic straight, would confirm him. Senator Stewart, of Nevada, in a three-column letter to the New York Times, says: "I know of no other man who bore arms against the United States in the late war who has so unreservedly accepted the verdict of arms, and so Onequivocally and continuously maintained the validity of the new amend ments to the constitution, as Lamar; yet be is disqualified to fill the office of Justice of the Supreme Court by reason of his partici pation in the late war. No person who bore arms against the United States can ever be come eligible to that ofice." The Nevada Senator, in eloesing, says: "The public press has so framed the issue that the rejection of Lamar will be construed, both in the North and South, as a declaration that his partici pation has disquailfied him, and all others occupying the same position, for a place on the Supreme enech." IDnm rtI oNr AomUi? Hon. W. C. Goody, a prominent attorney and politiclam of Chieago, coneedes to the daily and weekly newspapers and monthly maugazines an omnpotency in making and unmaking public men, that the press itself might not have made, but that is neverthe less true-every word as he has stated it. The press has taken the place of orators "their occupation's gone." It is the neiver sal method of communication. Its opinaions for good or Ill is seed continuously sown on frnitfuld sil, sad out of the composite bar vest It iis reown with ever changing, and it is hoped ever improved, results. With such an Influence, with so great power on the destinies of men, and the lesser govern ments that aggregate the Great Republic, it is in a sense to be regretted that a free press cannot be maintained without embra cing in its ranuks those who spread sedition as others do loyalty;a those who would de stroy, carelessly or maliciously, a good reputation or a true principle, as well as those who would defend and advocate them, those who would subordinate all things to self interest as well as those who devote their best energies to the public good ; those who are evil as well as those who are pure. It is only in the preponderence of good over evil in those who control the press in the aggregate, and like preponderence of its readers who think and discern, that its in fuence for the better is maintained and that impress made upon the time. Save the method, voluntary or compulsory, suggested by Mr. Goudy, there is no way to clean the seed, as it were, that is ceaselessly sown without encroaching on the freedom of the press, which is a bulwark of the Republic. But in the spirit of his suggestion, coming even as it apparently does, from a Demo cratic source, we heartily concur. He seems to carry the idea beyond that which is essen tial, but in the main we endorse the idea. Impersonal journalism has serious defects. The value of an opinion depends largely upon the person who expresses it; the cred ibility of a statement likewise. The public will naturally turn to and repose greatest confidence In that opinion which appears over the signature of one who is well in formed, of good judgment and known integrity in preference to that from an infe rior source, and the credibility of news will be measured by the same standard, just as in the personal relations of life. Newspa per men especially know how frequent are the applicatiohbs to them for the insertion of communications and prepared news items over an anonymous signature, or on the au thority of the newspaper, which contain covert purposes perhaps unknown to the editor, but designed as an Imposition on the public. By the rules of journalism he is, unless it shall be libelous matter, expected to keep secret the authorship. We have never seen the propriety of this rule. Every man Is responsible for his public acts, and every man saould be responsible for his public words, either written or spoken. We have known many instances where a news paper has been used by a correspondent to say things be would not dare utter publicly, which the newspaper perhaps had no knowl. edge of, would not express as its own opIn Ion, or perhaps did not concur in, and yet which he demands by some kind of assumed right shall be published over an anonymous signature, and the newspaper held to conceal his identity except under legal process. This is wrong. The person assailed has a better right to know who is the man that assails him than the assailant has to demand the airing of his personal grievances at the cost of the publisher. In private life no man of any sense will answer an anonymous communication; but publicity once given through a newspaper he feels compelled to answer it, lest it be construed that he admits the charges, whatever they may have been. He is In the position of one who is shot at from ambusb, and not unfrequently attributes the assault to other than the one who made it. Contributions of a personally dlispara ging character, where the identity of the writer is purposely sought to be concealed, are in the highest degree cowar.:ly. In the prevailing custom at is not infrequent that writers so conceal their identity lest the affixing of their signatures be construed as a desire for notoriety, and1fr no nrterTor pur pose; but the custom is r ron,, and the difi deuce Ill founded. An artic!e inr a paper is in the nature of a letter to the public. The public has a right to know the author of it, if any credit is to be given it. This applies to all opinions and all state ments ,f fact; for, while some may claim that opinions and truths stand on their own merit, irrespective of who utters them, the authorship so fre quently gives color end import tothrat which is said that the authorship makes radical difference oin the weight and bearing they have jn publice opinion. While we scarce hope to see it universalized, the system of attesting newspaper work with the name of the writer commends itself in all its aspects as one of the greatest advances that could be made in journalism. REQUIRING IMMEDIATE ATTENTION. The attention of the public was called by Mr. Thos. G. Merrill through the Indepen. dent of Jan. 6th to a danger of considerable magnitude threatening the Territory. A large proportion of the mountain lands sur veyed by government surveyors are returned to the General Land office as more suitable for agricultural than for mineral purposes. Immediately on being so returned the odd sections within the Northern Pacific land grant can be demanded in patent by the company, under its charter from the United btates, and the patent once issued only the government can contest it, and then only on the ground of fraud. The Helena Board of Trade immediately telegraphed the Secretary of Interior asking his interposition, and President A. J. Davidson received the fol lowing: "WAsHINGTOr, January 7.-No patents of the lands referred to are being issued, and the question as to the necessity of non-min eral affidavits by the railroad company is pending before the department. No action will be taken until that question is decided, and no patents will be issued within sixty days." [Signed] L. Q. C. LAMAR. A call for a representative convention to meet in Helena, to be composed of members from all interested counties In the Territory will be issued in a few days, and measures taken to have the mineral lands protected from this danger. It is a very serious mat ter if surveyors have been returning mineral lands as agricultural, as the odd sections of the latter within the land grant are patent able by the Northern Pacific Co., which would soon be the biggest mine owner in the world. Ax apparently well informed writer in the Miner says the recent reports that the Northern Pacific will sometime ino the future abandon the Pen d'Oreille Lake route on account of the great distance and lack of local business is unfounded, as it is the only route by which it can obviate the Bitter Root c.ain without passing over it. It cuts through the chain at an elevation of 2100 feet, while all other passes are from 4000 to 5000 feet, and it can be operated when all other passes are snow blocked. Still, it is given on the authority of Engineer Chas. A. Dewar that the Lou Lou route is emi nently practicable for a short line from Mis soula to the Pacific, and it is thought the Manitoba will be the first to occupy it. The reason why the Northern Pacific may not also build a short line road across the Lou Lou route, while still holding the old route, is not stated. It would open a new feld and gave much distance in tLiongh traffie. Tra GOOD or IT.. Succeeding the lethargy and lndference that has existed for years as regarded the Oro Fino mlnsthe interet that has been so suddenly manifested, and backed by money, too, is very gratifying-provided al ways it is money that can be spared In a venture. There- are now three companies organized with means on band or obtainable by issue of teuary stock to very fairly prospect six representative claims in that distrct, and iris not unlikely another cover ing two more claims will soon follow. These, by midsummer, should fairly indicate the merits of the camp. It is not reasonably to be expected all will fill the sanguine ex pectations of their owners, although we be lieve among the most promising have been selected for development, and they are but a tenth of the locations in the district. With the organized and individual development now going on it is reasonably certain, If there are any paying true fssure veins in the camp, and we believe therere are anumber of such, some of them will be prospected in the next few months to an extent that will determine the fact and result in operations on the scale their merits justify. The matter will not, as hitherto, remain in doubt. There is a good deal of money being put in these ventures, and we believe is being judieiously and economically expended. Instead of falling on the few, many are, through incor porate associations, backing their faith with their dollars, willing to take chances to win or lose on the outcome of the camp. It is better for all that several locations are being tested, as with a failure of one, or two, or three, a lingering cloud might be cast on the district while other claims near by might be good. With the diversified developments that will now be made the district will have a fair prospecting, and it is not likely to re sult adversely. With these enterprises in progress we do not need to theorize about the camp. It takes work and money to find a mine, and this is now to be so generally done that we can well afford to bide the results. And in this is the good of the ener getic movements now in progreas. May they all be abundantly rewarded. STATEHOOD. Senator Turpie, of Indiana, has introduced a bill for the admission to statehood of Washington, Dakota, Montana and New Mexico. It is similar in character to those hitherto introduced, and the boundary lines are left unchanged. It requires constitu tional conventions called to adopt constitu tions to be submitted to the people for ap proval, thus doing over again in Montana what has once been well done. We tbink if the chairman of the Committee on Territor ies would read the constitution adopted by Montana he would move to admit her there under, and we do not believe it will be im proved upon by any succeeding convention, while it might be impaired. Under no cir cumstances by this bill can these states be admitted until after the next presidential election, and we rather take the purpose to be to put as off with a promise. Montana is entitled by every consideration that sbould effect the determination to immediate state hood, but we are absolutely subject to the will of Congress, whether we will be admit ted or kept out. This is; perhaps is right. But justice should be accorded as and Mon tans admitted. We are tired of vassalage. We want home rule, anio we are satisfied with our boundaries as they are. THE PRESS. A Prominent Politician Acknowledges Its Po tency and Makes a Suggestion. HICaGoo, Jan. 10.-The Andrew Jackson League, a new political organization which was recently formed in this city, gave its first public meeting in Central hall, which was filled before the evening's exercises began. Numbers of speeches and musical selections were given before the chief event of the evening, the speech of Hon. W. C. Goody, who has long been one of the most prominent lawyers in Chicago and a great power in Illinois politics, occurred. Mr. Goody spoke of the supremacy of law, but most of his remarks were devoted to a free press. After showing that restraint and re striction is applied to nearly every person and pursuit in life, Mr. Goudy sa:d: "But there is one valuable exception. The great est power in civilized society to-day is that of the press, and it is practically unrestrained and free from regulation by law. This force makes and unmakes presidents, gov ernors, senators, representatives in Congress, legislators, judges and all officers in our countless system of government. It is su perior to the executive, legislative and judi cial authorities, because it creates and destroys them. In short, the influence of the daily and weekly press and monthly periodicals is omnipotent." As a remedy for these evils Mr. Goody advocated the enactment of a statute which would require that the name of the writer of every article, be it editorial, communication or news, be given with it. ...•uJ---4.'. - A Commendable Suggestion. Helena Herald, 6th. A very important decision has just been rendered in the United States District Court for Northern Iowa, Judge Shires presiding. The effect of the decision is to vacate the Glidden patent, under which the Washburn & Moen company have elaimed and exercised the right to exact a royalty of all manufac turers of barbed wire. The decision will have to go to the Supreme Court, as did the Driven Well case, recently decided. But such is the confidence of manufacturers that the patent will be vacated that no more roy alty will be paid, cnd there should be a con siderable reduction in the price of wire, of which Montana in the future will have the advantage. The results in these two cases suggest the propriety of providing that the general Government shall furnish In fall or part the expense of testing thoroughly in the courts the validity of contested patents. These patent monopolies constitute the most oppressive taxes that our people pay. It is quite generally believed that the patent under which the Telephone company is ex torting millions from our people every year is without any just and valid basis. People submit to these exactions because the cost of litigation is so great, and it is only when a great number combine and divide this cost that such cases are ever thoroughly tried in the courts; Meantime the extortion goes on and fortunes are made, and this encourages others to practice the same policy. The Government, which represents the people, should use the people's money to prosecute such actions. Liability of Mining Co. Directors. CImcAoo, Jan. 5.-A suit for $550,000 was begun in the Superior Court here to-day by the Horn Silver Mining Company against one of its Directors, Augustus D. Bryan, who lives in this city. This is one of a num ber of suits, all the rest of which were begun in New York, against the Directors there, to make the company's directory responsible for a defalcation of $450,000 by Charles G. Francklyn, a former president of the com pany, and one Brown, who was vice-presi dent. Francklyn was a general agent of the Cunard Steamship Company, and his short age In various concerns with which he was connected, were reported in New York dis patches some weeks ago to be nearly a mil lion. The Directors, under the by-laws of the mining company, which is a Utah corpo ration, are liable for the acts of the officers elected by them. THE TARIpp AUD TIE WOOL INDUSTRY A Mnstana 'sachbmaas Plain 8tatement of the Case aetween Them. New York Tribmte, Dee. 23. To Tas Erroz or THU TnsuIas: Sir: In view of President Cleveland's re em attack on the wool growing interests, I want to say a word for the sheep men in Montana. The wool grower is in most eaes tied to his ranch and socks, is not within reachb of influential newspapers, and is far away from the mail station, so that be-is obliged to await his fate in silence while others decide whether be will be able to sup port his family to the future or whether be will be rauined. The latter is unavoidable if the tariff should be taken off the wool. I have myself a sheep ranch in Montana, on Sweet Grass River, and have lived there for three years In a section of the country where wool growing is the chief occupation of the inhabitants. The President said in his message that the farmers have generally from 25 to 50 sheep. If be was In any way acquainted with the business, he would know that the smaller focks number from 500 to 1,000 head, the larger five, ten or twenty thousand, the num bers fitting the means of their owners. The former are in the majority, therefore Mr. Cleveland ought not to have stated facts until he was thoroughly posted on the sub ject. The wool grower has to depend on the proceeds of the wool which his sheep yield. It is the only income he bas. On account of the tariff question the price of wool has been unsettled for the last few years, which makes wool buyers timid and most-of the wool has to be sold through comiiassion houses. Manufacturers boy only-enot to supply their Immediate wants. During the winter of 1886-7 the thermom eter here registered from 45 degrees to 50 degrees below zero, and terrific blizzards caused a loss of 60 per cent. of the stock, which it will take at least two years to make up. From the following facts it will be clearly shown that the ruin of the wool growers and many others who make their living from this business is assured if the tariff on wool should be abolished: We re ceived this year 16 cents per pound for wool. A sheep's fleece weighs generally 6 pounds, so that a flock of 1,000 would yield $960 in wool. The herder for such a flock receives $40 per month and his board, which makes $480 per year. Now deduct the tarif of 10 cents per pound from this amount, and there remains a balance of $360 for 1,000 sheep, not enough to pay the herder's wages with out counting provisions, clothing and gen eral wear and tear. Under such circum stances it would be impossible to carry on the wool growing business in this country any longer. Great Britain and other nations would derive the benefit from it, and in the end Americans would have to pay more for their home manufactured goods than they are doing now. Besides a hard-working class of American citizens, who are now only by close attention to their business, perseverence and self-denial, able to make both ends meet, would be completely ruined. I hope this correct statement of affairs will enlighten the public on the wool ques tion and thus will help the wool grower to continue in business. M. STOCKER, of Stocker & Co. Melville, Mont., Dec. 16, 1887. ANOTHER RAILROAD ACCIDENT. An Overland Express on the Union Pacific Run Into, and a Number Killed or Injured. DENVER, Jan. 9.-A Cheyenne special to the Republican says: One of the most serious accidents ever experienced on the Union Pacific railway occurred tbis morning at Edson, a small station near Rawlins, by which two persons were killed end twelve seriously injured, and considerable property destroyed. The east bound mail and ex press, with Scott Vermillion as conductor, had a broken engine and was running very slow. When about two miles east of Edson the east bound freight train, running at a high speed, crashed into the rear of the pas senger, telescoping two emigrant cars, which took fire and were entirely consumed. The Pullman sleeper Delhi, which was next to the emigrant cars, took fire, but was pulled away from the burning cars in time to save it from destruction. The 3-year old son of Mrs. Street, of London, was burned to a crisp, and the infant child, aged 5 months, of Mr. and Mrs. Johnson, died from expos ure. The passengers who were injured lost all their clothing that was in the car. They were taken to Rawlins, where they received medical treatment. Their names are as follows: Wm. R. Johnson, chest injured; Mrs. Wm. R. Johnson, back broken; Geo. Scherer, brakeman, right thigh broken; Ida Jay, back seriously injured; James Price, right ankle and hip injured; Mrs. Jae. Price, back in jured; Mrs. Jennia Street, thigh torn open; B. Kretzer, chest injured; D. B. Kretzer, ribs fractured. Conductor Vermillion has been missing since the accident. Unnerved by the sight of the suffering passengers it\ is thought he became insane, fled to the hills and was frozen to death in a blizzard. Upon whom the responsibility is placed it has not yet been decided. The engineer of the freight train saw no signals and was not aware that a passenger train was near him until be saw the lights of the train, when he put on the air brakes, but it was too late to avoid a collision. THE CANADIAN PACIFIC SHOWS UP. Two Trains Meet on a Trestle with the Usual Result. WINNIPEG, Jan. 6.-Canadian Pacific pas sengers who arrived from the west to-day, describe Wednesday's accident at Middleton. Two freight trains met on a trestle eight feet high, between 1 and 2 o'clock Wednes day morning. The engine of the west bound train became fastened in the trestle work, and stuck there, while the tender and several cars jumped over the top and went to the bottom. An engine coming from the east went through the trestle immediately after the collision and took down a number of freight cars. Two engineers, one fireman and one brakeman were killed outright. One man, wedged under the wreckage, was noticed to be alive, and one of his comrades undertook to remove him by grasping his hands. The rescuer was horrified when he broke the man's fingers, which had been frozen while in this deplorable position. Another man was seen underneath the wreck, all his body being visible except the head, which was horribly mangled. Nobody seemed to know the cause of the accident. It was thought the men had been too long on duty on the train going east and bad fallen asleep. NoT much has been heard for some years of Anna E. Dickinson, the most gifted wo man that ever orally advocated a cause before the American people. It appears that for years she has been engaging her great talents in writing a tragic drama, and now has It completed. It is entitled "Aurelian." The Philadelphia Tumes says of her delinea tion of the principal character: "I know not of a grander character in all my range of dramatic reading or in any of the numerons plays that I have seen presented." Miss Dickenson does not wish to see her play butchered by inferior actors, and prefers to let it lie in her desk until she finds some one who will worthily present it. TELEGRAMS IN BRIEF. Eight Nihilists, who attempted the life of the Csar, were hanged at St. Peersburg Jan. W. H. DeForest, the New York silk dealer, has failed, giving preferences for 400,000. Two feet of snow fell on the level in the Upper Peninsula, Michigan, in 2 days last week. Nsw Youm, Jan. 7.-Durlng the year there were landed at Castle Garden 371,619 immigrants. Nzw Youa, Jan. 11.--on. James G. Blaine is a grandfather. The wife of James G. Blaine Jr. has presented him with a son. LONDON, Jan. 11. - Trustworthy dis patches from Berlln say Emperor William's condition is worse, and that intense anxiety prevails. A Miss Campbell brought suit for breach of promise in New York a few days ago against Arbuckle, the great coffee merchant, and was awarded $45,000 damages. That ought to heal well. The largest gun ever made of steel in one casting was poured at the Pittsburg Steel Co.'s works Tuesday. It is 221 feet long and weighs nine tons. It will have to cool a week before taken from the mould. "A MODERN INSTANCE." A Train Wrecked, But Steam Heaters Pre vent its Being Burned. Something for all Railroads to Act Upon. HAVEBaILL, Mass., Jan. 10.-A frightful accident befell the Portland (Me.) express train which left Boston at 1 o'clock this afternoon, the scene of the disaster being near Haverhill bridge, which spans the Mer rimae river between Bradford and Havqrhill. The train consisted of eight cars. This train does not stop at Bradford, and was going at great speed. The Georgetown branch train was standing on the track near the water tank house at the Bradford end of the bridge waiting for the express to pass over to Haver hill. As the express rounded the curve two cars left the track and went crashing into the water tank house, demolishing it. In this house a number of section hands were eating dinner. John O'Brien, a retired merchant of Bradford, was talking to the section hands, and was killed, together with William Taylor, one of the laborers. The car that crashed into the tank house knocked the foundation out, letting the heavy tank down upon the car, crushing through the top of the car, doing fearful work within. The next car behind telescoped the car ahead of it, adding to the havoc. The killed and wounded were mostly in these two cars. The cars behind ran down alongside the Georgetown train, barely escaping collision with the engine of that train. The people in the smoker had a fearful experience. One of the wheels of the forward track broke and the car bumped against the end of the bridge, causing it to careen. It ran upon the bridge for some distance, and the sleepers then careened the other way and leaned against the iron work of the side of the bridge. The passengers, of whom there were about thirty in the car, found themselves at the top of the car, while it seemed to some of them that the car was tumbling off the bridge to the river below. The passengers managed to crawl out, some of them being very seriously injured. As soon as they reached the ground such as were able rushed back to help those who were imprisoned in the wrecked cars. The entire force of physicians in the city were summoned by telephone' and were quickly at hand, and the wounded were cared for as soon as released. The list of killed is as follows: Clarence Hazelwood, residence unknown; John O'Brien, of Bradford; C. P. Goodwin, wife and child, of Kennebec, Maine; Wm. Taylor, section hand; A. L. Walker, of Harrison, Maine; Charles Thurlow, of Newton Junc tion, N. H.; Joseph Shaw, of Boston. The name of the man reported unknown is Joseph Shaw, of Boston. The accident is supposed to have been caused by a switch rod breaking after the engine and three for ward cars had passed over the switch. The train was running, according to the engi neer's story, at about eighteen miles an hour, and after the smoking-car had broken apart from the-rear-portion of thetratlrandbound ed forward on the bridge, the air-brake on the car was applied and the car was thrown on its side. It is probable that but for this brake the car would have fallen into the ice bound Merrimac river, one hundred feet below. There were about forty passengers in the smoking car, as near as can be learned, but they all escaped without severe injuries, although nearly all of them were badly shaken up, and a number of them had their clothing torn from their bodies. All the cars woere equipped with steam heaters, and no portion of the cars caught fire. The two passenger ears are completely wrecked. The first passenger car, which ran into the water tank and section house, was ground almost to atoms. The heavy tank crashed through the monitor top, crushing it like an egg shell. In this car there were six killed and nearly all the passengers received injuries mostly of a severe nature. KALAKAUA AS FIGURE HEAD. "Uneasy Lies the Head that Wears a Crown." SAN FRANcisco, Jan. 5.-A private letter received here from Honolulu, dated Dec. 24, says: "The Cabinet have demanded that Judge Austin, of Honolulu, an American, shall be offered the place of Godfrey Brown, recently resigined from the Cabinet. The Cabinet have also been demanded to appoint Sanford Dole, a prominent lawyer born here of American parents, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Judge Fornander of the Supreme Court. "At the last advices the King had decided to accede to the Cabinet's demands, knowing that the Reform League would otherwise place Mrs. Dominus, the King's sister, on the throne. Kalakaua has been advised by the English and American ministers to com ply with the demands of his Cabinet, with the assurance that they would not interfere In his behalf with the designs of the Reform League. The removal of the Marshal is also insisted upon, and be will be replaced by a white man named Soper. The Reform League has the support of 99 out of every 100 foreigners and the endorsement of all the best native element." NO POSTAL TELEGRAPH. The Project Stood on with Both Feet in Con gress. WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.-Mr. Sawyer, from the Postoffice Committee, reported, with recommendation of indefinite postponement, Butler's resolution for the appointment of a select committee on postal telegraph. The resolution was indefinitely postponed, with the remark by Edmunds that the action was to be understood as a determination that the propriety of a special Inquiry into the sub ject at some future session had been decided aversely. Haman Going to Work. WAsHImNGTON, Jan. 6.-Chairman Mills, of the committee on ways and means, says he will call the committee together and pro ceed at once to the consideration and forma lation of a tariff reform bill, having in view revenue reduction as well. He says: "The condition of the country and the treasury is such that It requires immediate action upon the question of the reduction of the ;eve nues. The President asks it and the Secre tary of the Treasury urges it, and I shall do all I can to carry out their wishes." TOOLE'S BUDGET. The Batch of Bills Presented for Moatana. WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.-Delegate Toole introduced the following bills to-day: For the relief of J. f. Boyce; for the relief of Paul McCormick; for the relief of F. A. Thompson; to pay $10,000 to the heirs of L. -M. Black for transportation furnished the Quartermaster Department of the army; for the relief of .eorge Clendennin. Jr., of Cow Island, Monit.; for the relief of F. H. Burr, of Montana; for the relief of Alfred Wolver ton; to repay A. J. Wickert $665 for depre dations by Nez Perces; to pay G. L. Carson, of Montana, $3,910 for like depredations; to pay John Stuart, J. A. Oldbam, A. J. Arnold, H. B. Stone, D. E. Rouse, Leander Duncan and L. W. Wilkie for Indian depredations; authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to lease Silver Lake, situated in sections 21 and 22, town B range 13, Montana, to J. H. B. Foster for purposes of fish culture; for the annexation of a portion of Idaho to Montana and the admission of the Territory as a State; providing a permanent reservation for the Crow Indians in Montana; for a consolida tion of the various tribes on the Great North ern reservation of Montana; to amend the alien land laws; to grant the Cinnabar & R cky Fork Railroad right of way through the northern boundary of the Yellowstone Park; granting the Missoula & Bitter Root Valley Railroad right of way through the Fort Missoula reservation; to allow the Fort Benton Bridge Company right of way across the Missouri river at or near Fort Benton; several memorials from the Mon tana Legislature urging certain legislation for the Territory, including an appropriation for the Yellowatono.kk; billk authorizing the Secretary of War to provide the militia of Montana with arms and military stores; for the erection of a public building at Hel ena; for the establishment of another land district in the Territory; to extend the func tions of the assay office at Helena. THAT FISHERY QUESTION, Reciprocity Impossible, and the Headland Question to be Arbitrated. PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 6.-The Press cor respondent at Washington says that the failure of the fishery commission to accom plish anything important is now generally admitted in administration circles. The English and Canadian Commissioners asked for reciprocity, and were willing to give almost anything that might be desired in return. But Secretary Bayard couldn't grant reciprocity. Then the other side begged for free fish, salt and lumber. Mr. Bayard very much regretted that he could not accord that. He would do it if he could, and more, but Congress stood up before him like a stone wall, and he didn't dare. This reduced the scope of the negotiation to an interpretation of the treaty of 1818, touching the headlands doctrine and commercial privileges. The commission will probably agree to send the headlands question, and that in relation to commercial privileges, to impar tial arbitrations. This can be done without a treaty and without any reference of the subject whatever to the Senate. But the decision will be binding only upon the pres ent administration. There is a widespread sympathy with Mr. Chamberlain on account of the failure of the commission to accom plish anything. His time and labor have been wasted, and he has got no glory from his mission to this country. Governor Larrabee Says Prohibition Does Well Where Enforced. DES MOINES, Iowa, Jan. 10.-Governor Larrabee's biennial message was delivered to the Legislature this afternoon. Speaking of the prohibitory law, the Governor says: Much progress has been made in the enforce ment of the prohibitory law. Not only has public sentiment much improved in relation to it, but judicial officers are more disposed to secure its enforcement. Many Judges give strong testimony in its favor, showing that where it has been well executed there have been marked reductions in criminal offenses and also In court expenses. During last year, and particularly during its latter half, there has been a decided falling off in penitentiary convicts, and a very large num ber of county jails have been emptied, some of them for the first time in years. There has been a marked improvement in the con dition of the poorer people, especially in the families of laboring men addicted to strong drink, while there is very little difficulty now in enforcing the law in the rural dis tricts and a very large majority of the coun ties. There are still a few portions of the State, particularly sqme of the larger cities, where the law is not enforced. This, how ever, does not include al! such cities, for in Des Moines, Sioux City and Cedar Rapids, three of the largest and most rapidly grow ing cities of the State, the prohibitory law is now and has been for the past year well enforced. They Were Poor Boys Once. George Peabody, the philanthropist, once sawed wood for his board, and when he was 11 years of age, was working in a country grocery store in Massachusetts. Tom Scott, the famous railroad president, drove a mule on the State canal in Pennsyl vania, and Horace Greeley worked at the printer's case for as low as $2.50 a week. The founder of the Adams Express Com pany, Alvin Adams, started his career as an office boy in a Boston Hotel. He saved his money and bought a grocery store. Corcoran, who is now the richest man in Washington, and who has given away $3,000,000 or $4,000,000 in charities, was, like Peabody, a clerk, and his father was at one time a shoemaker. John Jacob Astor, the father of the tens of millions' worth of real estate which the Astor family now hold in New York City, once peddled bread and cakes over the streets now lined with his children's prop erty. Jay Gould's father was a dairy farmer in the State of New York, and Gould'shands, which can now sign checks for millions, then squeezed the teats of twenty cows and churned the butter which brought the living for the family. Deserved It. MINNEAPOLIS, Jan. 6.-Comedian Jacques Krueger has just been notified by New York attorneys of the successful issue of a law suit by which he comes into the possession of a valuable estate in France and becomes Count de Cartier de La Baes. Krueger has been the comedian of the Conreid Opera Company, taking the part of Kalman Zsuspan in "The Gypsy Baron," and rendering it admirably. In fact the en tire Conreid Company are deserving of Earl doms for the best presentation of Strauss' delightful opera that has been put on the American stage. The Tehuantepec Canal. PITTrsunG, Jan. 9.-Hon. A. S. Cochran, formerly member of Congress from the Alle gheny district, but now located in St. Louis, was in the city this morning, returning from Washington. Cochran is now legal agent of the Tehuantepec Cabal. He says it will re quire $50,000,000 to build the canal accord ing to the present plans, and that there will be no trouble in securing a subscription for $10,000,000 in the United States. He says Captain Andrews will leave on a tour of foreign countries in a short time to consult with those interested in the great enterprise, and make arrangements to aecure funds. WAR NOT3S. England Sustains tbr Taripi Alliance. LoNDON, Jan. 8.--A corrpndent of the Daify hews at CoinstDInople says: The Porte learns that Lord Salisbury has in formed the German government that if war shall be occasioned by an attempt of Russia to occupy Bulgaria, England will send two squadrons to the Black Sea. BEcLIN, Jan. 8.-The equipping of the men demanded by the new military bill will require a vote of $20,000,000. Emperor William remained in bed all the morning. He did not appear at his favorite window. His pains were relieved on Satur day by an injection of morphine. The drog caused debility and loss of appetite. The Emperor will be unable to go out for a week. VIENNA, Jan. 9.-Advices are opposed to peace predictions. Colonel Zuliff, Russian military attache at Vienna, in the course of official communications to the Austrian military authorities, stated he was permitted to inform them his government decided, in furtherance of measures recently announced in the Invalide Russe, to move two more divisions of troops to the frontier. The an nouncement is regarded as a clear evidence of the continued seriousness of the position. The fact that Colonel Zuliff was instructed to give the notice is considered part of a diplomatic game which Russia is now un folding. A commission of officers appointed by Count itylandt Rheydt, the Austrian Minister of War, to examine into and report the condition of railroads and fortifications I in Galicia, returned to Vienna on Saturday. They state the new works at Cracow and Prrzemysl,'}he chief fortified centers, in a I satisfactory condition. Troops have been echeloned on strategic lines leading to Gali cia, and ample forces can be sent to the frontier at twenty four hours' notice. . .. I! --I1 ". . . THE CZAR.S LIFE. Another Great Conspiracy Against It. ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 10.-Arrangements for the movements of the court have been altered. The Imperial family will make a shorter stay at St. Petersburg than intended. The Czar and family will come here on Thursday, hold their customary New Year's reception Friday, and immediately return to the palace at Gatzchina. Court balls will be abandoned. All these changes are due to the discovery of another plot against the life of the Czar. A large number of persons have been arrested here for participation in the plot, among them several officers of the army, just arrived at St. Petersburg from the provinces. BERLIN, Jan. 10.-Private dispatches from Warsaw say the conspiracy against the Czar is centered at St. Petersburg, and that it was of unusual magnitude as regards both the number and position of the persons imp!i cated. Died Full of Years. NORWICH, CosN., Jan. 7.-Eunice Cot trell, known throughout North Stonington as "Aunt Eunice," died at the age of 115 on the Pequot Indian reservation, on Monday. She was a great-grandchild of King Philip, and at the time of her death the oldest de scendant of the Pequot Indians. Mrs. Cot trell's maiden name was Shentepe, and her father was slain in the massacre of Pequiot Indians by Captain John Mason and his white sailors, who surrounded and set fire to their wigwams, shooting down the red men as they rushed forth. A monument is now in course of erection in Mason's memory at Pequot Hill. SHERIFF'S SALE. Napoleon St. Germain, Plaintiff, VS. Louis Perron et al, Deferdants. TO BE SOLD AT SHERIFF'S SALE on Saturday, February4, A. D. 1888. at the hour of 2 o'clock p. m. of said day, in front of the Court House d-.or, in the town and county of Deer Lodge, M. T., under and by virtue of an order of sale in the above entitled cause. issued out of the Dietrirt Court of the Second Judicial District, in and for the couLty of Deer .odge and Territory of Montana, to-wit: That certain town lot known as and being lot num her nine , in block number two , in the town of Anaconda, Deer Lodge county, Montana Territory. according to the official survey and plat of said Ana conda townsite, now on tile in the County Recorder's oufieeof sai Deer Lodgecounmty, T., w.tlb all tfhe buildings and improvements of every kind and de scription thereon or thereunto in anywise Iteloning LEV. COLEMAN, Sheriff of Deer Lodge county, M. T. Dated Jan 11, 1SSS. 9-' 4t Notice to Co-Owners. ANAcoNDA, DEER LODGE COLUNTY, M. T., JANUARY 13, 1858. To the heirs and assigns of the estate of Jessie Hughes, aeceased. You are hereby notified that the undersigned have expended twenty [$20] dollars in labor and improvements on the SILVER IRON mine, near Anaconda, in an organized Mining Dis'rict, in Deer Lodge county, M. T., the said sum being the required amount of labor necessary for the representation of your interest, your interest being one-sixth of said Silver Iron lode or mine. which said amount of labor is necessary to hold the same under the provisions of Section 2324 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, for the year ending December 31, 1887: and if. within ninety  days after the first publi cation of this notice, you fail or refuse to con tribute your proportion of such expenditures, to-wit:  as co-owner, your interest in said S:lver Iron lode or mining claim will become the property of J. W. Cornelius, the undersigned. W CORNELIUS. First Publication Jan. 13, 1888. 966 90d Notice to Co-Owner. SUNSET, DEER LODGE COUNTY, M. T., January 12, 187. To ISRAEL CLEM, his heirs or assigns. You are hercby notified that we, the undersigned, have expended one hundred [$100] dolltrs in labor and improvements on the CLEMANTHY quartz lode rmining claim, situated in the Washoe [unorganized] Mining District, Deer Lodge county, Montana Ter ritory. said sum being the required amount of labor. etc., necessary to hold said quartz lode mining claim under the provisions of Section 2-124 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, for the year ending December 31, 1887, and if within ninety  days after the publ cation of this notice, you fail or re fust tocontribute your proportion of such expendi ture, amounting to fifty [$50] dollars. as co-owner, your interest in said quartz lode mining claim will become the property of the subscribers, under said section 2:24. W. O. WARNER. S. F. RAINS. First publication Jan. 13, 1S . F. 96 9SOd Notice of Final Settlement. In the Probate Court, Deer Lodge county, Territory of Montana, ss. In the matter of the estate of Mary Clem, deceased. Notice is hereby given that J. S. Chamberlain, the Administrator of Ohe estate of Mary Cl.-m, deceased, has rendered and presented for final settlement, and filed In said Court, his accountof his administration of said estate, showing that said estate is ready for distribution, and that Saturday, the 28th day ot Jan uary, A. D. 1888, being a day rof a term of said Court. to-wit: of the January term, A. D. 1SS8, at 1i o'clock a. m, at the Court room of said court, at the Court i onse, in the town of Deer Lodge, in the county of Deer Ldge and Territory of Montana, has been duly appointed by said Court for the settlement of said account and making of said distribution at which time and place an; terson interested in said estate may appear and file his exceptions in writing to the said account and contest the same. ,9n36 1888w. H. Tu'PrZTr, Clerkof said Court. DEER LODGE, MONT., Keep the Best Brands -OF inf e, Qneeonsrare, Glassware Shelf Hardware, Iron and Steel, Blacksmith Supplies Careeiter alF argers' Tools, TIN, COPPER, SHEET.IRON WARE. Iron Pipe Made to Orcdr. HORSE AND MULE SHOES ( NAILSB . WAGON MATERAL, E*C. Strayed or Stolen. _ Strayed or was stolen from the stale of 8t. Joseph'sHosprtal o ia-.t January 2, 1886. one light o.on ,y hi born off, branded X on right hi ably has calf at side. Any information that ill ie toter recovery will be thankfully received ..d . warded by el re. 965 ut ST. JOSEPH'S IIOSrITAL' SECOND ANNUAL MEETING. Deer Lodge Fair and Racing Assoeiation. S-ason 1888. Programme for the Second Annual Meeting of the D. L. F. & R. Association. The Directors of the Deer Lodge Pair and Ilacint Association met at the offiee of Clark & Larabie Bank on 'ruesday evening, January 'd, 188, for thb for the purpose of arranging a programme for the Second Annual Fair and Race Meeting, to be hrld at the Association Gronndr, Deer Ledge, 1. T, July 18th, 19th, 20th and 21st, 18s8: WEDNESDAY, JULY 15 1. Puree $150, running, two furlon.as 2. Deer Looge Stakes, trotting, for 2-year.olds bred and raised in Montana, Idaho, Utah, Wy omb Washington Ter. ana Oregon-6-50 each, hel feit. $210 added. 3. Parse $250, trotting, 3.00 class. TBjrEDAY, JCLY 19. 1. Puree $200, running, six furlongs. 2. Purse $200 running, one mile. 3. Cottonwood Stakes, trotting, for 3-year-olds be and raised in Montana, Idaho, Utah, Wy-minie Washington Ter. and Oregon--50 each, half for' felt. $250 added. F`srDA, JLLY 20. 1. Parse $'250, running, 1x miles. 2, Purse $200, running, X mile heats 3. Purse $400, trotting, 2.28 class. 4. Hotel Stakes, for 3-year-olds, free to all, 5 each, half forfeit. $200 added. SATraBD r, JCLY 21. 1 Purse $150, trotting, 2 45 class, 3 in 5. 2. Prse $400, running, 13 miles, hand:ca~p. 3. Parse $500, trotting, free' for all. THE .nLWWLOWI CONDITIONs are to be observed which apply equally to all the tra ks aithin the circuit: In running races three or more are required to enter and three to start. Four entries will be required in trotting races. Entries for running races must be made with the Secretary, in sealed envelore, enclcstng ten per cent of the total amount of the puree before fi o'clock p m. of the day preceding that on which the race is to take place, unless such day falls upon Suiday, then the entries for Monday's races shall close os the Sat urday preceding at 6 o'clock p. m. Entries for all trotting races on this programne close July 14. Payment need not be made until the Saturday preceding each meeting. Any one of the Secretaries will receive entries for the circuit. Any person failing to make an entry rood will be suspended. Entries for colt stakes nill close April 1. Each nomination must be accompanied with 510 and afuil description of the ai.imal, a second payment of t15 must be made on or before June 1 The remaining $25 must be paid as in other races, before +; o'clock of the day preceding that upon which the race is to take place. Each entry shall plainly state name, age, color and sex of horse, name of Fire and dam when known and name of owner. The colors of rider or driver must also be given with the entry. Entry blanks can be obtained from the Secretaries Under no circumstances will any conditional entries be received. No added money wi'l be given for a walk-over The first horse that passes the winuing post shall receive 70 per cent., the second horse 20 per cent. and the third horse 10 per cent. of the purse or stake for which he is running or trotting. Running horses are required to carry: In class stakes and purses-2 year-olds, 165 pounds: 3-.ear. olds. 110 pounds. In all aged stakes and purses-2 vear-olds, 85 pounds: 3-year-olds, 107 pounds: 4. year-olds, 117 pounds: 5-year-olds, 121 pounds. Five poun Is less in heat races : three pounds al. lowed mares and eeldings. The rules of the American Trotting Association and the rules of the American Turft Congress will govern these races, so far as the same are applicable Conies may be procured from the Secretaries Records made at any July meeting upon any of the tracks in this circuit will not constitute a bar at any regular circuit meeting. The Association reserve the right to alter, amend o- postpone any or all of these races should the Board of Directors in their juadment and for cause deem it expedient so to do. As in the past, the Association desires to act liber ally, and in the event of any of these races not fil ing, will substitute other races, and horses atterdirn the meetings for which there are no suitable clas.,e will have such opportunities provided for them ai time and the public interest will warrant. Parties intending to be present at any of these meetings, and desiring stalls for their horses. are re quested to write the Secretary in advance, static, what horses they have and what stalls they arer :kely to require. THE OFFICIAL DATES for holding the respective meetings are as fs:,ows: Deer Lodge-July 18, 19, 20, 21. Butte-Aueusteat 74s,A, 10, 11 IIelena -August 20. 21,, 23, 24, , 2. Missoula-Auoust 28, 29, 30, 31, September 1. Spokane-September 4, 5, 6, 7, S. Salem, Oregon-September 17, S1, 1:,. 2J. 21, 22. Walls Walla-October 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 OFFICERS FOR 1888.-C. D. Joslyn, President; Jas B. McMaster. Secretary: S. E. Larabie. Treasurer Directors-John Bielenberg, Morgan Evans, B. G. Ward, Wm. Wallace. 9f5 ti NEW GOODS! NEW GOODS! -AT--- P. LANSING'S. I have just received a complete line of the best CALIFORNIA CLOTHIl(; Direct from MInufacturers. Men's Worsted Suits and Cassimere Suits. Youths' Woisted Suits and Cassimere Suits. Children's Worsted, Cassimere and Corduroy Suits. Men's Berlin Office and Cardigan Jackets. Men's Fall and Winter Overcoats in Latest Styles and Colors. Blanket lined Suits and Overcoats, and a large assortment of Caliornia Flannei Underwear and Overirt, A FULL LINE OF Swiss Condee Celebrated Medicated Under wear. White and Scarlet Lamb's Wool Underwear. Heavy Wool Socks, Merino Socks, and Fine Camel Hair Socks. A large line of Blankets and Fine Quilts, and the best French Calf and Kip Hand-made Boot> Shoe IN TOWVN, Of which I will warrant EVEnY rpAT. 80 if anythinf does not give perfect Satisfaction. bring them back and I will make it good. I also have a complete line of MOIýDELL'S SOLAR TIP SCHOOL SHOES, with or without heel. and High-cut Bo s' and )Mises' School Shoes, and an endless variety of Ladies' French Kid, Pebble Goat ano Calf Shoes, of the very best makes. I hate also a lull line of John B. Stetson's Fine Hats and Standard M.kes of Hand-made lIsts, warranted in colors and quality. Also hive a large line of CALIFORNIA BUCK AND GOAT GLOVES. All of the above Goods are bourtg- direct from the Manufacturers, are selected with great care for the needs of my customers. And as I am loin, all of m. own work, and thereby saving a large cxp~ense 0f clerk hire, I am enabled to s, 11 goods lower than anv one else. Call ard see me when you need an!thtinrs my line, and I will guarantee you sqaare dealing an good treatment. 951 It PETER LANSINO JOH N O'N EILL, DEER LODGF, MONTANA. The Filles Lile of iargwara ST:OVES, Tih ;, B W ueen re, GAlsswlgr, SILVERWARE, ET'., ETC., Ever bronuht to the City, and is elling at pricesthe DEFY CONMPiTITION. (all and exami.e and Prices before purchasing elsewhere.